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1.
Bosn J Basic Med Sci ; 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733641

RESUMO

Metastasis associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is a highly conserved long noncoding RNA, which has been related to various pathological processes, including cancer. The role and mechanism of MALAT1 in colon cancer are not clear. We investigated MALAT1 expression in colon cancer tissues, the effect of MALAT1 on proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 cells, and the signaling pathway involved in the MALAT1 effects. MALAT1 expression was determined in 60 colon cancer and para-carcinoma tissues using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Knockdown of MALAT1 in SW480 cells was induced by small interfering RNA (siRNA), and the cells were divided into three groups: untreated control, nonsense siRNA-treated control, and MALAT1 siRNA-treated group. SW480 cell apoptosis was assessed using TUNEL assay and flow cytometry. Apoptosis-related and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway-related proteins were detected by Western blotting in SW480 cells. SW480 cell proliferation was assessed by CCK-8 assay. MALAT1 expression was significantly higher in colon cancer vs. para-carcinoma tissues. Knockdown of MALAT1 by siRNA increased the number of apoptotic cells and the apoptosis rate at 24 h post-transfection in SW480 cells. Bcl2 associated X protein (Bax) expression was increased, B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) expression was decreased, and the ratio of cleaved caspase-3 to truncated caspase-3 was increased in MALAT1 siRNA-transfected SW480 cells. MALAT1 knockdown decreased the proliferation of SW480 cells at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h post-transfection. Wnt and ß-catenin expression was inhibited in MALAT1 siRNA-transfected SW480 cells. Inhibition of MALAT1 expression in colon cancer may promote apoptosis and hinder cell proliferation by suppressing the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
Environ Manage ; 64(6): 757-771, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732773

RESUMO

Cross-regional redeployment (or relocation) of government officials has a significant effect on the local economic development and environmental protection. Based on the panel data of 31 provinces (municipalities) in China from 2001 to 2016 and the environmental pollution index obtained by Entropy method, the dynamic panel regression model was applied to verify the relationship between the officials' cross-regional redeployment and environmental pollution. The results show that environmental pollution was positively correlated with officials' relocation and their tenure after the redeployment. As the officials' tenure increases to the critical value, the positive correlation between the official's tenure and environmental pollution would change. By measuring this threshold, we find that the average critical value for China was 5.14 years, which were the same as the average tenure of Chinese officials. Moreover, the result also illustrates the difference between central eastern China and western China, with the average threshold being 4.01 years and 5.89 years, respectively. In addition, the impact of officials' cross-regional redeployment on the environment would also be affected by the initial condition of the region. According to the result, the environmental governance within the central eastern regions was better than that in the western region. In the last part of this paper, we proposed measures and suggestions, such as changing the incentive policies of officials, perfecting the local policies and the cultivate and exchange system of cadres, as well as strengthen the power of social supervision, for the sake of facilitating the healthy and green development of the regional economy.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Política Ambiental , China , Cidades , Poluição Ambiental
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e17974, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylosis radiculopathy (CSR) is often described as neck pain accompanied with radiating pain and neurologic symptoms, such as numbness, muscle weakness, and diminished reflexes, in 1 or both upper extremities. As people's lifestyle changes and the population ages, the incidence of CSR continues to increase. Many clinical trials have proven that acupuncture and chiropractic has a significant effect in the treatment of CSR. In this systematic review, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture and chiropractic for CSR. METHODS: We will search PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database, China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database, and related randomized controlled trials included in the ChinaResources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to February, 2019. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of CSR. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019119941.

4.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(5): 831-835, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612404

RESUMO

Recent researches have found that 7 Tesla SWI can detect the alteration of substantia nigra hyperintensity in Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The aim of this study was to investigate whether 3 Tesla SWI (3T SWI) can visualize anatomical alterations occurring in a hyperintense structure of the substantia nigra in PD and vascular parkinsonism (VP), and whether the evaluation of abnormal signal can be used as a factor in the differential diagnosis of PD and VP. Using 3 Tesla MRI, we evaluated 38 healthy subjects, 33 patients with PD and 34 patients with VP. Two blinded readers independently assessed the images. We found that the dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity was absent in 31 of 33 patients with PD and 15 of 34 patients with VP. The dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity was present in 19 of 34 patients with VP and 35 of 38 healthy controls. Group comparisons of absence of dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity revealed significant differences between the patients with PD and those with VP (P<0.001). The sensitivity of SWI for PD was 93.9% and the specificity was 92.1%. Visual assessment of dorsolateral nigral hyperintensity on high-field SWI scans may serve as a new simple diagnostic imaging marker for PD. And our study results indicate that 3T SWI can be used as a tool to identify PD and VP.

5.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613790

RESUMO

Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a heuristic optimization algorithm generally applied to continuous domains. Binary PSO is a form of PSO applied to binary domains but uses the concepts of velocity and momentum from continuous PSO, which leads to its limited performance. In our previous work, we reformulated momentum as a stickiness property and velocity as a flipping probability to develop sticky binary PSO. The initial design provides a good base, but many key factors need to be investigated. In this article, we propose a new algorithm called dynamic sticky binary PSO by developing a dynamic parameter control strategy based on an investigation of exploration and exploitation in the binary search spaces. The proposed algorithm is compared with four state-of-the-art dynamic binary algorithms on two types of binary problems: 1) knapsack and 2) feature selection. The experimental results on the knapsack datasets show that the new velocity and momentum assist sticky binary PSO in evolving better solutions than the benchmark algorithms. On feature selection, the dynamic strategy takes the advantages of these two newly defined movement concepts to help the proposed algorithm to produce smaller feature subsets with higher classification performance. This is the first time in the binary PSO, the four important concepts, that is, velocity, momentum, exploration, and exploitation, are investigated systematically to capture the properties of the binary search spaces to evolve better solutions for binary problems.

6.
Evol Comput ; : 1-29, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599651

RESUMO

Clustering is a difficult and widely-studied data mining task, with many varieties of clustering algorithms proposed in the literature. Nearly all algorithms use a similarity measure such as a distance metric (e.g. Euclidean distance) to decide which instances to assign to the same cluster. These similarity measures are generally pre-defined and cannot be easily tailored to the properties of a particular dataset, which leads to limitations in the quality and the interpretability of the clusters produced. In this paper, we propose a new approach to automatically evolving similarity functions for a given clustering algorithm by using genetic programming. We introduce a new genetic programming-based method which automatically selects a small subset of features (feature selection) and then combines them using a variety of functions (feature construction) to produce dynamic and flexible similarity functions that are specifically designed for a given dataset. We demonstrate how the evolved similarity functions can be used to perform clustering using a graph-based representation. The results of a variety of experiments across a range of large, high-dimensional datasets show that the proposed approach can achieve higher and more consistent performance than the benchmark methods. We further extend the proposed approach to automatically produce multiple complementary similarity functions by using a multi-tree approach, which gives further performance improvements. We also analyse the interpretability and structure of the automatically evolved similarity functions to provide insight into how and why they are superior to standard distance metrics.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 11(18): 7847-7858, 2019 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548436

RESUMO

Klotho beta (KLB) mediates binding of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 to the FGF receptor (FGFR). FGF21-KLB-FGFR signaling regulates multiple metabolic systems in the liver, and we hypothesized that FGF21, KLB and FGFR single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are involved in hepatic lipid accumulation. The SNPs were detected in 1688 individuals divided into four groups: non-obese without non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), obese without NAFLD, non-obese with NAFLD, and obese with NAFLD. The A-allele of KLB SNP rs7670903 correlated with higher body mass index (P = 0.0005), and the A-allele frequency was higher in the obese than non-obese group (P = 0.003). The G-allele frequency of KLB rs7674434 and T-allele frequency of rs12152703 were higher in the obese with NAFLD than obese without NAFLD group (P = 0.004 and P = 0.006), but the genotype distribution between two non-obese groups did not differ. KLB rs7674434 and rs12152703 had associations with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively) and gamma-glutamyltransferase (P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively) levels in all subjects, but the associations were especially strong with ALT in the NAFLD group (P = 0.005 and P = 0.008, respectively). These findings suggest that KLB SNPs are related to obesity and hepatic inflammation and that they may be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 37732-37740, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545030

RESUMO

Advanced Si-based anode materials with nano-sized porous structures and constrained coating layers present attractive prospects for lithium-ion batteries. A brand-new design of double-layer-constrained micron-sized (>20 µm) porous Si/SiO2/C is proposed through facile synthesis processes using cheap Al-Si alloy as feedstock. The three-dimensional spherical coral-like porous Si structure is composed of primary Si (as a supporting framework), eutectic Si rods, and uniformly distributed conductive element Al, which is beneficial for providing void space and uniformly conductive sites. A 4 nm SiO2 thin layer is introduced on the surface of porous Si structure using preoxidation treatment, which has the effect to constrain the volume expansion of Si. The outer C layer can further improve the electrical conductivity and structural stability. The discharge and charge capacities of the porous Si1/SiO2/C composite are 933.3 and 929.2 mAh/g at 0.1 A/g after 100 cycles, respectively. The charge attenuation rate of porous Si1/SiO2/C in each loop is only 0.08%, and the lithium-ion diffusion coefficient of this composite is 4.20 × 10-12 cm2·s-1/2.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 20(4): 3371-3378, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432138

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the effect of the long non­coding RNA TP73 antisense RNA 1 (TP73­AS1) on cervical cancer progression. Cervical cancer and adjacent tissues were collected from 56 patients and assessed. In addition, HeLa and CaSki cells were transfected with various plasmids, inhibitors and corresponding controls, and then Cell Counting Kit­8 and Transwell assays were used to detect the cell proliferation, migration and invasion abilities. Luciferase reporter gene assay was also performed in HeLa cells. Reverse transcription­quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT­qPCR) was used to investigate TP73­AS1, microRNA­607 (miR­607) and cyclin D2 (CCND2) gene expression, while CCND2 protein expression was determined by western blot analysis. The results revealed that the TP73­AS1 level was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues (P<0.05) and predicted a poor 5­year overall survival (P<0.05). HeLa and CaSki cells transfected with siTP73­AS1 exhibited reduced proliferation, migration and invasion abilities when compared with those in the siNC group (P<0.05). Furthermore, miR­607 was found to be negatively regulated by TP73­AS1, while CCND2 was negatively regulated by miR­607. HeLa and CaSki cells transfected with siTP73­AS1 exhibited lower CCND2 mRNA and protein expression levels compared with the siNC and siTP73­AS1 + miR­inhibitor groups (P<0.05). Compared with the siNC and siTP73­AS1 + CCND2 overexpression groups, siTP73­AS1­transfected HeLa and CaSki cells had decreased proliferation, migration and invasion abilities (P<0.05). In conclusion, the findings suggested that upregulation of TP73­AS1 promoted cervical cancer progression by promoting CCND2 via the suppression of miR­607 expression.

10.
Am J Physiol Cell Physiol ; 317(5): C932-C941, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411920

RESUMO

Exosome secretion is an important paracrine way of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to modulate resident endothelial cells. The osteocalcin (OCN)-expressing EPCs have been found to be increased in cardiovascular disease patients and are considered to be involved in the process of coronary atherosclerosis. Since OCN has been proven to prevent endothelial dysfunction, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of exosomes derived from OCN-overexpressed EPCs on endothelial cells. Exosomes derived from EPCs (Exos) and OCN-overexpressed EPCs (OCN-Exos) were isolated and incubated with rat aorta endothelial cells (RAOECs) with or without the inhibition of OCN receptor G protein-coupled receptor family C group 6 member A (GPRC6A). The effects of exosomes on the proliferation activity of endothelial cells were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, and the migration of endothelial cells was detected by wound healing assay. A tube formation assay was used to test the influence of exosomes on the angiogenesis performance of endothelial cells. Here, we presented that OCN was packed into Exos and was able to be transferred to the RAOECs via exosome incorporation, which was increased in OCN-Exos groups. Compared with Exos, OCN-Exos had better efficiency in promoting RAOEC proliferation and migration and tube formation. The promoting effects were impeded after the inhibition of GPRC6A expression in RAOECs. These data suggest that exosomes from OCN-overexpressed EPCs have a beneficial regulating effect on endothelial cells, which involved enhanced OCN-GPRC6A signaling.

11.
Acta Neuropsychiatr ; 31(6): 316-324, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405402

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore whether and how group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) plus medication differs from medication alone for the treatment of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: Hundred and seventy patients were randomly assigned to the GCBT plus duloxetine (n=89) or duloxetine group (n=81). The primary outcomes were Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) response and remission rates. The explorative secondary measures included score reductions from baseline in the HAMA total, psychic, and somatic anxiety subscales (HAMA-PA, HAMA-SA), the Hamilton Depression Scale, the Severity Subscale of Clinical Global Impression Scale, Global Assessment of Functioning, and the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey. Assessments were conducted at baseline, 4-week, 8-week, and 3-month follow-up. RESULTS: At 4 weeks, HAMA response (GCBT group 57.0% vs. control group 24.4%, p=0.000, Cohen's d=0.90) and remission rates (GCBT group 21.5% vs. control group 6.2%, p=0.004; d=0.51), and most secondary outcomes (all p<0.05, d=0.36-0.77) showed that the combined therapy was superior. At 8 weeks, all the primary and secondary significant differences found at 4 weeks were maintained with smaller effect sizes (p<0.05, d=0.32-0.48). At 3-month follow-up, the combined therapy was only significantly superior in the HAMA total (p<0.045, d=0.43) and HAMA-PA score reductions (p<0.001, d=0.77). Logistic regression showed superiority of the combined therapy for HAMA response rates [odds ratio (OR)=2.12, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.02-4.42, p=0.04] and remission rates (OR=2.80, 95% CI 1.27-6.16, p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with duloxetine alone, GCBT plus duloxetine showed significant treatment response for GAD over a shorter period of time, particularly for psychic anxiety symptoms, which may suggest that GCBT was effective in changing cognitive style.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247572

RESUMO

The performance of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) highly relies on their architectures. In order to design a CNN with promising performance, extensive expertise in both CNNs and the investigated problem domain is required, which is not necessarily available to every interested user. To address this problem, we propose to automatically evolve CNN architectures by using a genetic algorithm (GA) based on ResNet and DenseNet blocks. The proposed algorithm is completely automatic in designing CNN architectures. In particular, neither preprocessing before it starts nor postprocessing in terms of CNNs is needed. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm does not require users with domain knowledge on CNNs, the investigated problem, or even GAs. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on the CIFAR10 and CIFAR100 benchmark data sets against 18 state-of-the-art peer competitors. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art CNNs hand-crafted and the CNNs designed by automatic peer competitors in terms of the classification performance and achieves a competitive classification accuracy against semiautomatic peer competitors. In addition, the proposed algorithm consumes much less computational resource than most peer competitors in finding the best CNN architectures.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(28): 13847-13855, 2019 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221749

RESUMO

Biological organisms exhibit diverse strategies for adapting to varying environments. For example, a population of organisms may express the same phenotype in all environments ("unvarying strategy") or follow environmental cues and express alternative phenotypes to match the environment ("tracking strategy"), or diversify into coexisting phenotypes to cope with environmental uncertainty ("bet-hedging strategy"). We introduce a general framework for studying how organisms respond to environmental variations, which models an adaptation strategy by an abstract mapping from environmental cues to phenotypic traits. Depending on the accuracy of environmental cues and the strength of natural selection, we find different adaptation strategies represented by mappings that maximize the long-term growth rate of a population. The previously studied strategies emerge as special cases of our model: The tracking strategy is favorable when environmental cues are accurate, whereas when cues are noisy, organisms can either use an unvarying strategy or, remarkably, use the uninformative cue as a source of randomness to bet hedge. Our model of the environment-to-phenotype mapping is based on a network with hidden units; the performance of the strategies is shown to rely on having a high-dimensional internal representation, which can even be random.

14.
Eur Respir J ; 54(2)2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164430

RESUMO

Although broad knowledge of influenza viral pneumonia has been established, the significance of non-influenza respiratory viruses in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and their impact on clinical outcomes remains unclear, especially in the non-immunocompromised adult population.Hospitalised immunocompetent patients with CAP were prospectively recruited from 34 hospitals in mainland China. Respiratory viruses were detected by molecular methods. Comparisons were conducted between influenza and non-influenza viral infection groups.In total, 915 out of 2336 adult patients with viral infection were enrolled in the analysis, with influenza virus (28.4%) the most frequently detected virus, followed by respiratory syncytial virus (3.6%), adenovirus (3.3%), human coronavirus (3.0%), parainfluenza virus (2.2%), human rhinovirus (1.8%) and human metapneumovirus (1.5%). Non-influenza viral infections accounted for 27.4% of viral pneumonia. Consolidation was more frequently observed in patients with adenovirus infection. The occurrence of complications such as sepsis (40.1% versus 39.6%; p=0.890) and hypoxaemia (40.1% versus 37.2%; p=0.449) during hospitalisation in the influenza viral infection group did not differ from that of the non-influenza viral infection group. Compared with influenza virus infection, the multivariable adjusted odds ratios of CURB-65 (confusion, urea >7 mmol·L-1, respiratory rate ≥30 breaths·min-1, blood pressure <90 mmHg (systolic) or ≤60 mmHg (diastolic), age ≥65 years) ≥3, arterial oxygen tension/inspiratory oxygen fraction <200 mmHg, and occurrence of sepsis and hypoxaemia for non-influenza respiratory virus infection were 0.87 (95% CI 0.26-2.84), 0.72 (95% CI 0.26-1.98), 1.00 (95% CI 0.63-1.58) and 1.05 (95% CI 0.66-1.65), respectively. The hazard ratio of 90-day mortality was 0.51 (95% CI 0.13-1.91).The high incidence of complications in non-influenza viral pneumonia and similar impact of non-influenza respiratory viruses relative to influenza virus on disease severity and outcomes suggest more attention should be given to CAP caused by non-influenza respiratory viruses.

15.
EBioMedicine ; 43: 317-324, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31003930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A tick-borne segmented RNA virus called Jingmen tick virus (JMTV) was recently identified, variants of which were detected in a non-human primate host and fatal patients with Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever. We investigated its infectivity and pathogenicity for humans. METHODS: We obtained skin-biopsy, blood and serum samples from patients with tick bites, and used high-throughput sequencing, in situ hybridisation, and serologic testing to diagnose and ascertain the cases of JMTV infection. FINDINGS: A JMTV strain was isolated from the tick Amblyomma javanense into an embryo-derived tick cell line. We obtained sustained passage of JMTV, and revealed that it was able to accumulate in salivary glands of experimentally infected ticks. Four JMTV-infected patients were identified by high-throughput sequencing of skin biopsies and blood samples. The virus replication in skin tissue was visualised by in situ hybridisation. The four patients all had an itchy or painful eschar at the site of tick bite, with or without lymphadenopathy. Immunohistochemical examination revealed remarkable local inflammation manifested as infiltration by neutrophils. Eight patients were identified by serological testing and showed more severe clinical manifestations. Two Ixodes persulcatus ticks detached from patients were positive for JMTV. All JMTV strains identified in this study formed a well-supported sub-lineage, distinct from those previously reported in China. Interpretation The public significance of JMTV should be highly concerning due to its potential pathogenicity for humans and efficient transmission by potential ticks. FUND: China Natural Science Foundation, State Key Research Development Programme, and United Kingdom Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Infecções por Flavivirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Flavivirus/virologia , Flavivirus , Biomarcadores , China , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/diagnóstico , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/transmissão , Flavivirus/classificação , Flavivirus/genética , Infecções por Flavivirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Flavivirus/transmissão , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização In Situ , Filogenia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , RNA Viral , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Sorológicos , Pele/patologia , Picadas de Carrapatos
16.
J Am Soc Mass Spectrom ; 30(7): 1294-1307, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025295

RESUMO

One of the major challenges in proteomics is peptide identification from mass spectra containing high noise ratio and small number of signal (b-/y-ions) peaks. However, the accuracy and reliability of peptide identification in such highly imbalanced MS/MS data can be improved by applying a preprocessing step prior to peptide identification aiming at discriminating b-/y-ions from noise peaks in the spectra. In this study, we report a genetic programming (GP)-based preprocessing method for de-noising highly imbalanced and noisy CID MS/MS spectra. GP now becomes a popular machine learning method via automatic programming. GP preprocesses the highly noisy MS/MS spectra by classifying peaks as noise peaks or signal peaks in a binary classification manner. Meanwhile, a set of spectral fragment features based on the MS/MS fragmentation rules is extracted from the dataset to investigate their discriminating abilities by GP. A MS/MS spectral dataset containing thousands of spectra are used to train the GP model. As the GP tree-based representation has the capability for implicit feature selection during the evolutionary process, the evolved GP model with the selected features is compared with the best threshold-based method. The results show that the GP method improved the reliability of peptide identification and increased the identification rate of a de novo sequencing tool, PEAKS, to 99.4% from 80.1% achieved by the best threshold-based method. Moreover, the result of peptide identification by a database search tool, SEQUEST, using the data preprocessed by the GP method was statistically significant compared to the other methods.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(11): e14861, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882686

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to observe the curative effect of long intestinal tube (LT) in the treatment of phytobezoar intestinal obstruction.We performed a retrospective study of patients with phytobezoar intestinal obstruction who underwent decompression with different tube insertion method. A total of 80 patients were collected and divided into nasogastric tube (NGT) group (n = 36) and LT group (n = 44) between August 2015 and August 2018 at our hospital. Univariate analysis was used to assess the clinical efficacy of 2 groups of patients.There were no significant differences in the mean age, sex ratio, and previous surgical history between the 2 groups. There were statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of improvement time of clinical indications (4.2 ±â€Š1.4 vs 2.5 ±â€Š0.6 days; P = .008), liquid decompression amount on the first day of catheterization (870.4 ±â€Š400.8 vs 1738.4 ±â€Š460.2 mL; P = .000), transit operation rate (4/36 vs 0/44; P = .023), clinical cure rate (25/36 vs 40/44; P = .014), total treatment efficiency (32/36 vs 44/44; P = .023), and total hospitalization cost (3.25 ±â€Š0.39 vs 2.07 ±â€Š0.41 ¥ ten thousand; P = .000).The curative effect of LT in the treatment of phytobezoar intestinal obstruction is accurate and reliable, which can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of patients, comprehensively improve the non-surgical rate of intestinal obstruction treatment, reduce the total cost of hospitalization, and is worthy of promotion in clinical application.


Assuntos
Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestinos/patologia , Idoso , Bezoares/complicações , Bezoares/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/epidemiologia , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Intubação Gastrointestinal/métodos , Intubação Gastrointestinal/normas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(9): 1028-1036, 2019 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mortality of cardiovascular disease is constantly rising, and novel biomarkers help us predict residual risk. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of serum homocysteine (HCY) levels on prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: The 419 consecutive patients with STEMI, treated at one medical center, from March 2010 to December 2015 were retrospectively investigated. Peripheral blood samples were obtained within 24 h of admission and HCY concentrations were measured using an enzymatic cycling assay. The patients were divided into high HCY level (H-HCY) and low HCY level (L-HCY) groups. Short- and long-term outcomes were compared, as were age-based subgroups (patients aged 60 years and younger vs. those older than 60 years). Statistical analyses were mainly conducted by Student t-test, Chi-squared test, logistic regression, and Cox proportional-hazards regression. RESULTS: The H-HCY group had more males (84.6% vs. 75.4%, P = 0.018), and a lower prevalence of diabetes (20.2% vs. 35.5%, P < 0.001), compared with the L-HCY group. During hospitalization, there were seven mortalities in the L-HCY group and 10 in the H-HCY group (3.3% vs. 4.8%, P = 0.440). During the median follow-up period of 35.8 (26.9-46.1) months, 33 (16.2%) patients in the L-HCY group and 48 (24.2%) in the H-HCY group experienced major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) (P = 0.120). History of hypertension (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.881, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.178-3.005, P = 0.008) and higher Killip class (HR: 1.923, 95% CI: 1.419-2.607, P < 0.001), but not HCY levels (HR: 1.007, 95% CI: 0.987-1.027, P = 0.507), were significantly associated with long-term outcomes. However, the subgroup analysis indicated that in older patients, HCY levels were significantly associated with long-term outcomes (HR: 1.036, 95% CI: 1.011-1.062, P = 0.005). CONCLUSION: Serum HCY levels did not independently predict in-hospital or long-term outcomes in patients with STEMI; however, among elderly patients with STEMI, this study revealed a risk profile for late outcomes that incorporated HCY level.


Assuntos
Homocisteína/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Idoso , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/patologia
19.
Neurotherapeutics ; 16(3): 741-760, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30815845

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is strongly associated with life style, especially dietary habits, which have gained attention as disease modifiers. Here, we report a fasting mimicking diet (FMD), fasting 3 days followed by 4 days of refeeding for three 1-week cycles, which accelerated the retention of motor function and attenuated the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrathydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD mice. Levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), known to promote the survival of dopaminergic neurons, were increased in PD mice after FMD, suggesting an involvement of BDNF in FMD-mediated neuroprotection. Furthermore, FMD decreased the number of glial cells as well as the release of TNF-α and IL-1ß in PD mice, showing that FMD also inhibited neuro-inflammation. 16S and 18S rRNA sequencing of fecal microbiota showed that FMD treatment modulated the shifts in gut microbiota composition, including higher abundance of Firmicutes, Tenericutes, and Opisthokonta and lower abundance of Proteobacteria at the phylum level in PD mice. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed that FMD modulated the MPTP-induced lower propionic acid and isobutyric acid, and higher butyric acid and valeric acid and other metabolites. Transplantation of fecal microbiota, from normal mice with FMD treatment to antibiotic-pretreated PD mice increased dopamine levels in the recipient PD mice, suggesting that gut microbiota contributed to the neuroprotection of FMD for PD. These findings demonstrate that FMD can be a new means of preventing and treating PD through promoting a favorable gut microbiota composition and metabolites.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(1): 112-118, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868821

RESUMO

This research was aimed to evaluate the protective effect and potential mechanism of Yiqi Tongluo Particles(YQTLs).Firstly,an animal model of multiple cerebral infarction(MCI) with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was established.Rats were randomly divided into six groups:SHAM group,Vehicle group,Buyang Huanwu decoction original group(BYHWO),EGb761 group,high and low dose of YQTLs group.Rats underwent sleep deprivation after one week of MCI and the tongues and pulses of rats after six weeks of sleep deprivation were detected,followed by collecting blood to analysis the blood coagulation.Differential expression of angiogenesis associated proteins was examined using proteomic research and verified by immunohistochemical.RESULTS: showed that neurological function score was obviously declined,G and B value of tongue surface was increased significantly and the pulse distension,the activated partial thromboplatin time(APTT) as well as prothrombin time(PT) were recovered following YQTLs 7.56 g·kg-1 treatment.Furthermore,G value of tongue surface,APTT and PT were also improved by YQTLs 3.78 g·kg-1.The results of proteomic technology showed that proteins associated with angiogenesis were reversed compared with Vehicle group.Moreover,the expression of VEGFR2 from immunohistochemical was promoted after YQTLs treatment.The MCI with Qi deficiency and blood stasis was alleviated obviously following YQTLs treatment and the possible mechanism was that YQTLs may enhance angiogenesis during cerebral ischemia.


Assuntos
Indutores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Animais , Proteômica , Qi , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos
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