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1.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(4): 2378-2384, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371957

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the value of intraoperative frozen section examination (IFSE) in multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging/transrectal ultrasound (mpMRI/TRUS) fusion prostate biopsy in a major pandemic. Methods: A total of 35 patients were prospectively enrolled in our hospital from March 2020 to January 2021. The mpMRI/TRUS fusion system was used to perform a targeted biopsy, and the collected specimens were examined by IFSE (Observation Group 1). Then, a targeted biopsy was performed again for routine pathological examination (Observation Group 2). Finally, a systemic biopsy was performed, and the obtained specimens were routinely examined (Control Group). The positive rate, single core positive rate, Gleason score, and time to obtain pathological reports were compared between the groups. Results: The positive rate was 48.6% (17/35) in the control group, 48.6% (17/35) in Observation Group 1, and 51.4% (18/35) in Observation Group 2, showing no significant difference (P>0.05). The single core positive rates were 17.8%, 44.6%, and 47.1% in the Control Group, Observation Group 1, and Observation Group 2, respectively. Observation Group 1 and Observation Group 2 were significantly different from the Control Group (P<0.001). No participants in Observation Group 1 had increased or decreased Gleason scores compared with those in Observation Group 2. The time to obtain the pathological report was 0.025±0.014 days and 4.216±1.073 days for Observation Group 1 and Observation Group 2, respectively, showing a significant difference (P<0.001). Conclusions: This study showed that IFSE can not only rapidly obtain the pathological report of an mpMRI/TRUS biopsy, but can also ensure the accuracy of the pathological diagnosis. Trial Registration: CHICTR, Identifier: ChiCTR2000040789. Registered 10 December 2020 - Retrospectively registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=63252&htm=4.

2.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(2): 462-477, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557566

RESUMO

Background: Esophageal cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies worldwide, with high morbidity and mortality in China. The clinical importance of the interaction between hypoxia and immune status in the tumor microenvironment has been established in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study aims to develop a new hypoxia- and immune-based gene signature to predict the survival of ESCC patients. Methods: The RNA-sequencing and clinical data of 173 cases of ESCC and 271 normal tissues were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data portal and the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) database. Hypoxia-related genes (HRGs) and immune-related genes (IRGs) were retrieved from publicly shared data. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analyses were carried out by the DESeq2 method using the edgeR package in R. Based on the intersection of the DEGs and HRGs/IRGs, differentially expressed HRGs (DEHRGs) and differentially expressed IRGs (DEIRGs) were obtained. DEHRGs and DEIRGs associated with prognosis were evaluated using univariate Cox proportional hazards analysis. A prognostic risk score model was constructed according to the genes acquired through Cox regression. Univariate analysis and Cox proportional hazards analysis were used to determine the independent prognostic factors related to prognosis. A nomogram was developed to predict the 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival (OS) probability. Results: A total of 73 intersecting genes were obtained as DEHRGs and a total of 548 intersecting genes were obtained as DEIRGs. The risk score was established using 8 genes (FABP7, TLR1, SYTL1, APLN, OSM, EGFR, IL17RD, MYH9) acquired from univariate Cox analysis. Based on this 8-gene-based risk score, a risk prognosis classifier was constructed to classify the samples into high- and low-risk groups according to the median risk score. The nomogram model was constructed to predict the OS of ESCC patients. Conclusions: The hypoxia- and immune-based gene signature might serve as a prognostic classifier for clinical decision-making regarding individualized management, follow-up plans, and treatment strategies for ESCC patients.

3.
J Biol Chem ; : 102002, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504351

RESUMO

P2X receptors are a class of non-selective cation channels widely distributed in the immune and nervous systems, and their dysfunction is a significant cause of tumors, inflammation, leukemia, and immune diseases. P2X7 is a unique member of the P2X receptor family with many properties that differ from other subtypes in terms of primary sequence, the architecture of N- and C-terminals, and channel function. Here, we suggest that the observed lengthened ß2- and ß3-sheets and their linker (loop ß2,3), encoded by redundant sequences, play an indispensable role in the activation of the P2X7 receptor. We show that deletion of this longer structural element leads to the loss of P2X7 function. Furthermore, by combining mutagenesis, chimera construction, surface expression, and protein stability analysis, we found that the deletion of the longer ß2,3-loop affects P2X7 surface expression, but more importantly, that this loop affects channel gating of P2X7. We propose that the longer ß2,3-sheets may have a negative regulatory effect on a loop on the head domain and on the structural element formed by E171 and its surrounding regions. Understanding the role of the unique structure of the P2X7 receptor in the gating process will aid in the development of selective drugs targeting this subtype.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2201880, 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35557021

RESUMO

With the advent of the Internet of Things and big data, massive data must be rapidly processed and stored within a short timeframe. This imposes stringent requirements on the memory hardware implementation in terms of operation speed, energy consumption, and integration density. To fulfil these demands, two-dimensional (2D) materials, which are excellent electronic building blocks, provide numerous possibilities for developing advanced memory device arrays with high performance, smart computing architectures, and desirable downscaling. Over the past few years, 2D material-based memory device arrays with different working mechanisms including defects, filaments, charges, ferroelectricity, and spins, have been increasingly developed. These arrays can be used to implement brain-inspired computing or sensing with extraordinary performance, architectures, and functionalities. In this review, we survey recent research into integrated, state-of-the-art memory devices made from 2D materials, as well as their implications for brain-inspired computing. We discuss the existing challenges at the array level, and present the scope for future research. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2022 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35526240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long non-coding RNA LIMT (lncRNA inhibiting metastasis) acts as a tumor suppressor factor in some cancers. However, the biological role of LIMT in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the expression of LIMT in HCC tissue. The effects of LIMT on tumor growth and metastasis were assessed by in vitro experiments, including colony formation and transwell assays, and in vivo in nude mouse models. Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the expression levels of proteins associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). LIMT expression was significantly lower in HCC than in normal liver tissue. Functionally, overexpression of LIMT repressed the proliferation, invasion, and EMT of HCC cells, while LIMT knockdown increased proliferation, invasion, and EMT of HCC cells in vitro. Furthermore, LIMT overexpression suppressed HCC growth and metastasis while silencing of LIMT had an opposite effect in vivo. Finally, LIMT overexpression reversed EGF-induced EMT. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that LIMT could play an anti-cancer effect in HCC and might be a potential novel therapeutic target in HCC.

6.
Front Immunol ; 13: 814334, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572602

RESUMO

NKG2C+ natural killer (NK) cell plays a vital role in CMV infection control after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, the modulation on NKG2C+ NK cell reconstitution is still unclear. NK cell education is affected by the interactions of HLA-I/killer immunoglobulin receptor (KIR). Our aim is to figure out which HLA-I/KIR interaction plays a dominant role in NKG2C+ NK education. Based on allogeneic haploidentical HSCT, we investigated the expansion and function of single KIR positive NKG2C+ NK cells via the interaction of KIR with both donor HLA and recipient HLA at days 30, 90, and 180 after HSCT. KIR2DL2/L3 single-positive/NKG2C+ cells were significantly expanded compared with KIR2DL1 or KIR3DL1 single-positive/NKG2C+ cells when donors and recipients were both HLA-C1/C1 or HLA-C1C1BW4 (p < 0.05), with higher NKp30 expression (p < 0.05). Moreover, the proportion of single KIR positive NK cells increased in both NKG2C+/NKG2A- NK cells and conventional NKG2C-/NKG2A- NK cells over time. We also observed that increased proportion of KIR2DL2/L3 single-positive/NKG2C+ NK cells correlated with higher incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Our study allows a better understanding of HLA-I/KIR interaction in the NKG2C+ NK cell education after HSCT.

7.
Org Lett ; 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35544733

RESUMO

An asymmetric total synthesis of the sarpagine alkaloid (-)-normacusine B is presented. Salient features of this synthesis include a photocatalytic nitrogen-centered radical cascade reaction to assemble the tetrahydrocarbolinone skeleton, a titanium-mediated intramolecular amide-alkene coupling to construct the bridged azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane moiety, and a nickel-catalyzed reductive Heck coupling to assemble the azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane ring system.

8.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 183: 105057, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35430061

RESUMO

Fenoxaprop-P-ethyl (FE) is a highly effective weed control agent for rice fields, but it causes phytotoxicity in crops. A whole-plant bioassay has revealed that isoxadifen-ethyl hydrolysate (IH) can significantly improve the tolerance of rice to FE, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still unclear. In this study, we performed RNA-Seq analysis using rice seedlings treated with FE and IH to determine the IH-regulated candidate genes involved in metabolic resistance to FE. We also analyzed spatiotemporal expression using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to reveal the expression patterns of these genes under different treatments. The results showed that genes encoding metabolic enzymes, such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases, glutathione-s-transferases, UDP-glycosyltransferase, carboxylesterase, and ATP-binding cassette transporter, were influenced by the application of IH. Most of these genes were upregulated, and their products were involved in various stages of FE metabolism. Tolerance to FE was primarily mediated by CarE15, CYP86A1, GSTU6, GST4, UGT13248, UGT79, and ABCC4, all of which played a vital role in regulating the detoxification process of FE. Our findings elucidated the protective mechanisms of IH, which can help alleviate the phytotoxic effects of FE and expand its potential for application in agriculture.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Oryza , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/genética , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Herbicidas/metabolismo , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
9.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 788828, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432402

RESUMO

Many factors, including illumination, affect anthocyanin biosynthesis and accumulation in plants. light quality is the key factor affecting the process of photoinduced anthocyanin biosynthesis and accumulation. We observed that the red color of the Upland cotton accession Huiyuan with the R1 mutation turned to normal green color under light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which inspired us to investigate the effect of red and blue lights on the biosynthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins. We found that both red and blue lights elevated accumulation of anthocyanins. Comparative transcriptomic analyses, including Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and GSEA, revealed that genes differentially expressed under different light conditions were enriched with the pathways of circadian rhythm, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, anthocyanin biosynthesis, and flavone and flavonol biosynthesis. Not surprisingly, all the major structural genes related to biosynthesis of anthocyanins, including the key regulatory MYB transcription factor (GhPAP1D) and anthocyanin transporter (GhGSTF12), were induced by red or blue light treatment. However, LARs and MATEs related to biosynthesis of proanthocyanidins were more significantly up-regulated by red light radiation than by blue light radiation. Vice versa, the accumulation of anthocyanins under red light was not as high as that under blue light. In addition, we demonstrated a potential role of GhHY5, a key regulator in plant circadian rhythms, in regulation of anthocyanin accumulation, which could be achieved via interaction with GhPAP1D. Together, these results indicate different effect of red and blue lights on biosynthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins and a potential module including GhHY5 and GhPAP1D in regulation of anthocyanin accumulation in cotton. These results also suggest that the substrates responsible the synthesis of anthocyanins under blue light is diverted to biosynthesis of proanthocyanidin under red light.

10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 855849, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444656

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to establish a novel quantification system of ferroptosis patterns and comprehensively analyze the relationship between ferroptosis score (FS) and the immune cell infiltration (ICI) characterization, tumor mutation burden (TMB), prognosis, and therapeutic sensitivity in left-sided and right-sided colon cancers (LCCs and RCCs, respectively). Methods: We comprehensively evaluated the ferroptosis patterns in 444 LCCs and RCCs based on 59 ferroptosis-related genes (FRGs). The FS was constructed to quantify ferroptosis patterns by using principal component analysis algorithms. Next, the prognostic value and therapeutic sensitivities were evaluated using multiple methods. Finally, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) to identify the key FRGs. The IMvigor210 cohort, TCGA-COAD proteomics cohort, and Immunophenoscores were used to verify the predictive abilities of FS and the key FRGs. Results: Two ferroptosis clusters were determined. Ferroptosis cluster B demonstrated a high degree of congenital ICI and stromal-related signal enrichment with a poor prognosis. The prognosis, response of targeted inhibitors, and immunotherapy were significantly different between high and low FS groups (HSG and LSG, respectively). HSG was characterized by high TMB and microsatellite instability-high subtype with poor prognosis. Meanwhile, LSG was more likely to benefit from immunotherapy. ALOX5 was identified as a key FRG based on FS. Patients with high protein levels of ALOX5 had poorer prognoses. Conclusion: This work revealed that the evaluation of ferroptosis subtypes will contribute to gaining insight into the heterogeneity in LCCs and RCCs. The quantification for ferroptosis patterns played a non-negligible role in predicting ICI characterization, prognosis, and individualized immunotherapy strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Ferroptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Ferroptose/genética , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Prognóstico
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451948

RESUMO

A novel pale white-pigmented bacterial strain designated YC-7-48T was isolated from activated sludge in China. Cells of the strain, which grew at 15-37 °C (optimum at 30 °C) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum at 7.0), were Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped and motile. Strain YC-7-48T had 97.4-97.1% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to type strains of eight species in the genera Pusillimonas, Eoetvoesia, Paralcaligenes, Parapusillimonas and Paracandidimonas of the family Alcaligenaceae. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing placed the strain on a separate branch in the genus Pusillimonas and showed that it exhibited 97.4, 97.3 and 96.6% similarity to Pusillimonas caeni EBR-8-1T, Pusillimonas noertemannii BN9T and Pusillimonas maritima 17-4AT, respectively. The genome size of strain YC-7-48T was 3202438 bp, with 54.3 mol% G+C content. According to the genome analysis, YC-7-48T encodes several heavy metal resistance proteins and enzymes related to the metabolism of nicotine and aromatic compounds. The results of digital DNA-DNA hybridization and average nucleotide identity analyses based on whole genome sequences between strain YC-7-48T and the closely related strains indicated that the strain represented a new species of the genus Pusillimonas. The chemotaxonomic results identified Q-8 as the predominant respiratory quinone, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol and two unidentified aminolipids as the major polar lipids, and C16:0 (27.4 %), C17:0 cyclo (22.0 %), C18:0 (11.7 %) and C19:0 cyclo ω8c (9.5 %) as the major fatty acids. Thus, based on morphological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic characterization and genomic data, we proposed that the isolate is a representative of a novel species named Pusillimonas minor sp. nov., with the type strain YC-7-48T (=CGMCC 1.17466T=KACC 21349T).


Assuntos
Alcaligenaceae , DNA Bacteriano , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Esgotos/microbiologia
13.
Carbohydr Polym ; 288: 119420, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450662

RESUMO

The alkali-soluble hemicelluloses extracted with 10% KOH solution from corn bran were further isolated with different concentrations of aqueous ethanol solutions. Herein 92.2% of the original hemicelluloses can be obtained and the cellulase enzymatic hydrolysis rate of the alkali treated corn bran can reach to 97.2%. The corn bran hemicelluloses were mainly glucuronoarabinoxylan, in which xylose (48.4-53.8%) and arabinose (27.8-33.2%) were the main components. More linear hemicelluloses with high molecular weight tended to be precipitated in low concentration aqueous ethanol solutions. Furthermore, the relationship between the structural features of these alkali-soluble corn bran hemicelluloses and their furfural yield was investigated in MIBK (methyl isobutyl ketone)/H2O biphasic system. Results showed that the hemicelluloses with high xylose content are benefit to the furfural production, and the highest furfural yield of 67.7% was obtained.


Assuntos
Furaldeído , Xilose , Álcalis/química , Etanol/química , Furaldeído/química , Hidrólise , Água/química , Zea mays/química
14.
Org Lett ; 24(17): 3149-3154, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451846

RESUMO

A visible-light-promoted [3 + 2] cyclization between chalcones and 2-mercaptobenzoimidazoles for the construction of diverse imidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles via an electron-donor-acceptor (EDA) complex has been developed. This novel aminothiolation can be realized under only visible light irradiation without the aid of external photocatalysts, transition metals, and oxidants. Mechanistic investigations have revealed that the thiol anions and chalcones form EDA complexes, providing a novel strategy for the synthesis of imidazo[2,1-b]thiazoles.

15.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21899, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35419869

RESUMO

Apriona germari is one of the most serious wood-boring pests that cause damage to economic and landscaping trees and has adapted to a wide range of plants as diet. Gut bacteria play an important role in biology and ecology of herbivores, especially in growth and adaptation. To investigate how plant hosts shape A. germari gut microbiota, A. germari larvae were collected from Populus tomentosa and Malus pumilal, and gut microbiomes were sequenced based on 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing technology. A total of 853,424 high-quality reads were obtained and clustered into 196 operational taxonomic units under a 97% similarity cutoff, which were annotated into 8 phyla, 10 classes, 21 orders, 34 families, 59 genera, and 39 species. Gibbsiella was the most dominant genus of intestinal bacteria, followed by Enterobacter and Acinetobacter. No significant difference was observed in larvae gut bacterial richness and diversity of A. germari collected from two hosts, though alpha diversity showed that the richness of gut bacteria in A. germari larvae collected on P. tomentosa was slightly higher than that in A. germari on M. pumilal, and beta diversity showed little difference between two host plants. The functional abundance analysis of the detected bacteria revealed fermentation, chemoheterotrophy, symbionts, and nitrate relative functions that highly possibly support wood-boring beetles to feed on woody tissues. Our study provided a theoretical basis for investigating the function of intestinal symbiosis bacteria of A. germari.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 861799, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401205

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) results in chronic abdominal pain in patients due to the presence of inflammatory responses in the colon. Electroacupuncture (EA) is effective in alleviating visceral pain and colonic inflammation associated with IBD. Cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists also reduce colonic inflammation in a mouse model of IBD. However, whether EA reduces visceral pain and colonic inflammation via the CB2 receptor remains unknown. Here, we determined the mechanism of the antinociceptive effect of EA in a mouse model of IBD induced by rectal perfusion of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid solution (TNBS). EA or sham EA was performed at the bilateral Dachangshu (BL25) point for seven consecutive days. The von Frey and colorectal distension tests were performed to measure mechanical referred pain and visceral pain. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry assays were carried out to determine the expression of IL-1ß and iNOS and activation of macrophages in the colon tissues. We found that EA, but not sham EA, attenuated visceral hypersensitivity and promoted activation of CB2 receptors, which in turn inhibited macrophage activation and the expression of IL-1ß and iNOS. The effects of EA were blocked by AM630, a specific CB2 receptor antagonist, and by CB2 receptor knockout. Our findings suggest that EA attenuates mechanical allodynia and visceral hypersensitivity associated with IBD by activating CB2 receptors and subsequent inhibition of macrophage activation and expression of IL-1ß and iNOS.

17.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 209: 114226, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413624

RESUMO

Protein sensors based on allosteric enzymes responding to target binding with rapid changes in enzymatic activity are potential tools for homogeneous assays. However, a high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) is difficult to achieve in their construction. A high S/N is critical to discriminate signals from the background, a phenomenon that might largely vary among serum samples from different individuals. Herein, based on the modularized luciferase NanoLuc, we designed a novel biosensor called NanoSwitch. This sensor allows direct detection of antibodies in 1 µl serum in 45 min without washing steps. In the detection of Flag and HA antibodies, NanoSwitches respond to antibodies with S/N ratios of 33-fold and 42-fold, respectively. Further, we constructed a NanoSwitch for detecting SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies, which showed over 200-fold S/N in serum samples. High S/N was achieved by a new working model, combining the turn-off of the sensor with human serum albumin and turn-on with a specific antibody. Also, we constructed NanoSwitches for detecting antibodies against the core protein of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and gp41 of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Interestingly, these sensors demonstrated a high S/N and good performance in the assays of clinical samples; this was partly attributed to the combination of off-and-on models. In summary, we provide a novel type of protein sensor and a working model that potentially guides new sensor design with better performance.

18.
J Hazard Mater ; 434: 128879, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35427970

RESUMO

Pharmaceuticals are necessary to be removed from environment. Herein TiO2 incorporated biochar made from pyrolysis of agricultural wastes was encapsulated into chitosan to obtain a novel hydrogel beads. This hydrogel beads executed a dual role as both adsorbent and sonocatalyst, which proved to be suitable for the removal of antibiotic ciprofloxacin (CIP) from water. The results showed that adsorption of CIP followed pseudo first order kinetics model and Langmuir adsorption isotherm model, having maximum adsorption at pH 9. Whereas the degradation was more efficient at pH 6 due to greater standard potential for •OH/H2O in acidic media. The degradation was maximum at 150 W of ultrasonic power, then decreased in presence of dissimilar electrolytes and even reduced to 0 in presence of Na3PO4. Different quenchers such as benzoquinone (BQ), Triethanolamine (TEA) and isopropyl alcohol (IPA) reduced degradation efficiency (DE) and mineralization efficiency (ME). The DE was decreased from 85.23% to 81.50% (BQ), 74.27% (TEA), and 61.77% (IPA) within 25 min. The prepared sonocatalyst was capable of regeneration with DE, remaining sufficiently high (62%) even after four regeneration steps. These results indicate that titanium-biochar/chitosan hydrogel beads (TBCB) are durable and effective for long-term CIP removal.

19.
Am J Hematol ; 97(6): 762-769, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293011

RESUMO

Adoptive therapy with cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CMV-CTLs) has emerged as an effective method for CMV infection. However, the efficacy reportedly ranges from 50% to 90%, and factors affecting anti-CMV efficacy have not been established. We investigated the safety and efficacy of adoptive therapy with CMV-CTLs for CMV infection in 190 patients after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT), and importantly, we analyzed the main factors affecting antiviral efficacy. The CMV peak titer decreased from 19 (range, 1.0-503.0) × 103 copies/mL to 3.9 (range, 0-112) × 103 copies/mL after CMV-CTL infusion. The cumulative complete response (CR) rates in the first, fourth, and sixth weeks after the first CMV-CTL infusion were 37.9% (95% CI 35.0-40.8), 76.8% (95% CI 70.7-82.9), and 89.5% (95% CI 85.2-93.8), respectively. In multivariate analysis, persistent CMV infection prior to CMV-CTL infusion (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, 95% CI 1.29-4.06, p = .005) and basiliximab treatment within 2 weeks of CMV-CTL infusion (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.06-3.81, p = .031) were independent predictors of poor antiviral efficacy of CMV-CTL therapy. Our data showed that adoptive therapy with CMV-CTLs is a safe and effective treatment for CMV infection after haplo-SCT. Persistent CMV infection and basiliximab treatment are correlated with poor anti-CMV efficacy of CMV-CTL therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Basiliximab/uso terapêutico , Citomegalovirus , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/etiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 352: 127074, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35346816

RESUMO

Developing a biorefinery process for a highly integrated valorization and fractionation of lignocellulose is crucial for its utilization. Herein, a biphasic system comprising choline chloride/lactic acid and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran with Al2(SO4)3 and H2SO4 as catalysts was applied to pretreat Eucalyptus. Results showed that under the optimized conditions (150 °C, 30 min, 0.2 M Al2(SO4)3, 0.075 M H2SO4), the furfural yield and enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency could reach 54.7% and 97.0%, respectively. The efficient cellulose conversion was attributed to remarkable removal of lignin (91.0%) and hemicelluloses (100.0%), thereby causing the disruption of cell wall structure and enhancement of cellulose accessibility. Meanwhile, confocal Raman microscope and atomic force microscope displayed that the pretreatment resulted in the decreasing intensities of carbohydrates and lignin different regions of cell walls, and exposing of the embedded microfibers from noncellulosic polymers. Overall, the deep eutectic solvent-based biphasic system displayed high performance for effective utilization of carbohydrate components in lignocellulose.


Assuntos
Furaldeído , Lignina , Biomassa , Carboidratos , Celulose , Hidrólise , Lignina/química , Solventes
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