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1.
Elife ; 102021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114559

RESUMO

For a more complete understanding of molecular mechanisms, it is important to study macromolecules and their assemblies in the broader context of the cell. This context can be visualized at nanometer resolution in three dimensions (3D) using electron cryo-tomography, which requires tilt series to be recorded and computationally aligned, currently limiting throughput. Additionally, the high-resolution signal preserved in the raw tomograms is currently limited by a number of technical difficulties, leading to an increased false-positive detection rate when using 3D template matching to find molecular complexes in tomograms. We have recently described a 2D template matching approach that addresses these issues by including high-resolution signal preserved in single-tilt images. A current limitation of this approach is the high computational cost that limits throughput. We describe here a GPU-accelerated implementation of 2D template matching in the image processing software cisTEM that allows for easy scaling and improves the accessibility of this approach. We apply 2D template matching to identify ribosomes in images of frozen-hydrated Mycoplasma pneumoniae cells with high precision and sensitivity, demonstrating that this is a versatile tool for in situ visual proteomics and in situ structure determination. We benchmark the results with 3D template matching of tomograms acquired on identical sample locations and identify strengths and weaknesses of both techniques, which offer complementary information about target localization and identity.

2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 190: 113394, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118762

RESUMO

To achieve rapid and sensitive detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), we developed a polydimethylsiloxane gravity-driven cyclic microfluidic chip using the two-signal mode strategy. The structural design of the chip, together with the two-wavelength quantum dot ratio fluorescence, effectively eliminates the influence of environmental factors, improves the signal stability, and ensures that the final detection result positively correlates with the target concentration. Moreover, the theoretical analysis performed for the established physical model of the three-dimensional reaction interface inside the chip confirmed the improved reaction rate of immune adsorption in the microfluidic strategy. Overall, the method exhibited a wide analytic range (0.2-500 ng mL-1), low detection limit (0.06 ng mL-1), high specificity, good precision (coefficient of variation < 5%), excellent reusability (20 times, 89.1%) and satisfactory practical sample analysis capacity. Furthermore, the reusability and designability of this chip provide a reliable scheme for field detection of AFB1, analysis of other small molecules, and establishment of high-throughput detection systems under different conditions.

3.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128213

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sinking of the diaphragma sellae (DS) may stretch the pituitary stalk, which in turn impairs neurohypophyseal function; thus, it may play a role in the development of postoperative hyponatremia. We aimed to assess the factors influencing the development of hyponatremia after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) for pituitary adenomas and analyze the effect of DS sinking on hyponatremia. METHODS: After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with pituitary adenoma who underwent TSS. The pituitary gland was scanned using a 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging, and sagittal and coronal images were acquired. We evaluated the following: preoperative and postoperative hypothalamus‒pituitary‒thyroid axis function, hypothalamus‒pituitary‒adrenal axis function, intra-operative cerebrospinal fluid leaks, diabetes insipidus, hyponatremia, time from the day of surgery to the day of discharge, and time of hyponatremia onset. RESULTS: Of the 460 patients who had microscopic TSS for pituitary adenoma, 83 experienced postoperative hyponatremia. Hyponatremia occurred approximately 5.25 days postoperatively and persisted for 5.54 days. The lowest average blood sodium level was 123.9 mEq/L, which occurred at 7.49 days after surgery. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of hyponatremia was greater for patients with a significant DS sinking depth, a large pituitary stalk deviation angle difference, and a longer postoperative "measurable pituitary stalk". The difference in blood sodium levels between pre-TSS and 2 days post-TSS was also an independent predictor of postoperative hyponatremia onset. CONCLUSION: DS sinking plays an important role in predicting hyponatremia onset after TSS for pituitary adenomas.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145709

RESUMO

Adsorptive separation is an appealing technology for propylene and propane separation; however, the challenge lies in the design of efficient adsorbents which can distinguish the two molecules having very similar properties. Here we report a kinetically amplified separation by creating wiggling mesopores in structurally robust carbon monoliths. The wiggling mesopores with alternating wide and narrow segments afford a surface area of 413 m 2 g -1 and a tri-modal pore size distribution centered at 1.5, 4.2 and 6.6 nm, respectively. The synergistically kinetic and equilibrium effects were observed and quantitatively assessed, which together ensured a remarkable propylene/propane selectivity up to 39. This selectivity outperformed not only the available carbon adsorbents but also highly competitive among the dominated crystalline porous adsorbents. In addition, the wiggling mesoporous carbon monoliths showed an excellent axial and radial compressive strength of around 5.5 MPa and 221 N cm -1 , respectively, which ensured its great potential in practical molecular separations.

6.
Mol Oncol ; 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932092

RESUMO

Hot spot gene mutations in splicing factor 3b subunit 1 (SF3B1) are observed in many types of cancer and create abundant aberrant mRNA splicing, which is profoundly implicated in tumorigenesis. Here, we identified that the SF3B1 K700E (SF3B1K700E ) mutation is strongly associated with tumor growth in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Knockdown of SF3B1 significantly retarded cell proliferation and tumor growth in a cell line (Panc05.04) with the SF3B1K700E mutation. However, SF3B1 knockdown had no notable effect on cell proliferation in two cell lines (BxPC3 and AsPC1) carrying wild-type SF3B1. Ectopic expression of SF3B1K700E but not SF3B1WT in SF3B1-knockout Panc05.04 cells largely restored the inhibitory role induced by SF3B1 knockdown. Introduction of the SF3B1K700E mutation in BxPC3 and AsPC1 cells also boosted cell proliferation. Gene set enrichment analysis demonstrated a close correlation between SF3B1 mutation and aerobic glycolysis. Functional analyses showed that the SF3B1K700E mutation promoted tumor glycolysis, as evidenced by glucose consumption, lactate release, and extracellular acidification rate. Mechanistically, the SF3B1 mutation promoted the aberrant splicing of PPP2R5A and led to the activation of the glycolytic regulator c-Myc via post-translational regulation. Pharmacological activation of PP2A with FTY-720 markedly compromised the growth advantage induced by the SF3B1K700E mutation in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, our data suggest a novel function for SF3B1 mutation in the Warburg effect, and this finding may offer a potential therapeutic strategy against PDAC with the SF3B1K700E mutation.

7.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900061

RESUMO

Zinc sulfide (ZnS) exhibits promise in sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) because of its low operation voltage and high theoretical specific capacity. However, pristine ZnS is not adequate in realizing rapid and robust sodium storage owing to its low reversibility, poor structure stability, and sluggish kinetics. To date, most efforts focus on utilizing carbonaceous incorporation to improve its electrochemical performances. Nevertheless, it remains an arduous challenge for realizing superior rate capability while obtaining stable cycling. Herein, inspired by the crystal structure of hexagonal ZnIn2S4, which possesses an intrinsic layered feature with larger unit-cell volume versus that of ZnS, indium incorporation is thus deployed as an immediate remedy. In/ex situ investigations combined with density functional theory calculations are conducted to reveal the superior kinetics, high reversibility, and good structure stability of ZnIn2S4. Notably, the formed indium-based derivatives during cycling manifest a Na+ (de)intercalation process, thereby exciting a synergetic mechanism to stabilize electrochemical cycling. As a result, the electrochemical performances of Zn-based sulfide are significantly improved via the indium incorporation. Furthermore, a full cell based on the ZnIn2S4 anode with the superior electrochemical performance is developed. This work provides an effective tactic of heteroatom incorporation for optimizing structure as well as exciting a complementary reaction process toward developing superior anodes for high-performance alkali-ion batteries.

8.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 8(8): 2003679, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33898179

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer is limited by tumor hypoxia. Platinum nanoparticles (nano-Pt) as a catalase-like nanoenzyme can enhance PDT through catalytic oxygen supply. However, the cytotoxic activity of nano-Pt is not comprehensively considered in the existing methods to exert their multifunctional antitumor effects. Here, nano-Pt are loaded into liposomes via reverse phase evaporation. The clinical photosensitizer verteporfin (VP) is loaded in the lipid bilayer to confer PDT activity. Murine macrophage cell membranes are hybridized into the liposomal membrane to confer biomimetic and targeting features. The resulting liposomal system, termed "nano-Pt/VP@MLipo," is investigated for chemophototherapy in vitro and in vivo in mouse tumor models. At the tumor site, oxygen produced by nano-Pt catalyzation improves the VP-mediated PDT, which in turn triggers the release of nano-Pt via membrane permeabilization. The ultrasmall 3-5 nm nano-Pt enables better penetration in tumors, which is also facilitated by the generated oxygen gas, for enhanced chemotherapy. Chemophototherapy with a single injection of nano-Pt/VP@MLipo and light irradiation inhibits the growth of aggressive 4T1 tumors and their lung metastasis, and prolongs animal survival without overt toxicity.

9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 217: 112255, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915448

RESUMO

The aromatase inhibitor letrozole can be found in rivers, effluents, and even drinking water. Studies have demonstrated that letrozole affects various metabolic pathways and may cause reproductive toxicity, especially in fish exposed during development. However, studies on the effect of a low concentration of letrozole at the whole-gonad transcriptomic level in the early stage of fish sexual development have not been investigated. The aim of our study was to explore the potential effects of a low concentration of letrozole on the gonad transcriptome of Nile tilapia at an early stage of sexual development. In this study, 9 dpf (days postfertilization) Nile tilapia were exposed to trace letrozole for 12 days. Letrozole exposure from 9 dpf to 21 dpf persistently altered phenotypic sex development and induced the male-biased sex ratio. The transcriptome results showed that 1173 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were present in the female control vs 1.5 µg/L letrozole-treated female comparison group and that 1576 DEGs were present in the 1.5 µg/L letrozole-treated female vs male control comparison group. Differentially expressed gene enrichment analysis revealed several crucial pathways, including the drug metabolism-cytochrome P450 pathway, the ErbB-PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, and the calcium signalling pathway. Further analysis of these identified DEGs indicated that some key genes correlated with metabolism and epigenetic regulation were significantly affected by letrozole, such as UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (Ugt), glutathione S-transferase omega-1 (Gsto1), lysine-specific demethylase 6bb (Kdm6bb, original name is Kdm6a), jumonji and AT-rich interaction domain containing 2 (Jarid2b, original name is Jarid2), growth arrest and DNA damage inducible gamma (Gadd45g), and chromobox protein 7 (Cbx7). The qRT-PCR validation results for twelve DEGs showed that the Pearson's correlation of the log10fold change values between the qPCR and RNA-Seq results was 0.90, indicating the accuracy and reliability of the RNA-Seq results. Our study is the first to report the effect of letrozole on the transcriptome of gonads from fish during early-stage sexual development. These findings will be useful for understanding the toxic effects and molecular mechanisms of letrozole exposure at the early stage of gonad development on the sexual development of aquatic organisms.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Ciclídeos/fisiologia , Letrozol/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Gônadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Diferenciação Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos , Razão de Masculinidade , Transcriptoma
10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(11): 6388-6396, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704316

RESUMO

Through first-principles calculations, we report the thermoelectric properties of two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal group-IV tellurides XTe (X = Ge, Sn and Pb), with quadruple layers (QL) in the Te-X-X-Te stacking sequence, as promising candidates for mid-temperature thermoelectric (TE) materials. The results show that 2D PbTe exhibits a high Seebeck coefficient (∼1996 µV K-1) and a high power factor (6.10 × 1011 W K-2 m-1 s-1) at 700 K. The lattice thermal conductivities of QL GeTe, SnTe and PbTe are calculated to be 2.29, 0.29 and 0.15 W m-1 K-1 at 700 K, respectively. Using our calculated transport parameters, large values of the thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of 0.67, 1.90, and 2.44 can be obtained at 700 K under n-type doping for 2D GeTe, SnTe, and PbTe, respectively. Among the three compounds, 2D PbTe exhibits low average values of sound velocity (0.42 km s-1), large Grüneisen parameters (∼2.03), and strong phonon scattering. Thus, 2D PbTe shows remarkable mid-temperature TE performance with a high ZT value under both p-type (2.39) and n-type (2.44) doping. The present results may motivate further experimental efforts to verify our predictions.

11.
PLoS Genet ; 17(3): e1009355, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760820

RESUMO

Neurogenesis in the developing neocortex begins with the generation of the preplate, which consists of early-born neurons including Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells and subplate neurons. Here, utilizing the Ebf2-EGFP transgenic mouse in which EGFP initially labels the preplate neurons then persists in CR cells, we reveal the dynamic transcriptome profiles of early neurogenesis and CR cell differentiation. Genome-wide RNA-seq and ChIP-seq analyses at multiple early neurogenic stages have revealed the temporal gene expression dynamics of early neurogenesis and distinct histone modification patterns in early differentiating neurons. We have identified a new set of coding genes and lncRNAs involved in early neuronal differentiation and validated with functional assays in vitro and in vivo. In addition, at E15.5 when Ebf2-EGFP+ cells are mostly CR neurons, single-cell sequencing analysis of purified Ebf2-EGFP+ cells uncovers molecular heterogeneities in CR neurons, but without apparent clustering of cells with distinct regional origins. Along a pseudotemporal trajectory these cells are classified into three different developing states, revealing genetic cascades from early generic neuronal differentiation to late fate specification during the establishment of CR neuron identity and function. Our findings shed light on the molecular mechanisms governing the early differentiation steps during cortical development, especially CR neuron differentiation.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 248, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human noroviruses are one of the main causes of foodborne illnesses and represent a serious public health concern. Rapid and sensitive assays for human norovirus detection are undoubtedly necessary for clinical diagnosis, especially in regions without more sophisticated equipment. METHOD: The rapid reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) is a fast, robust and isothermal nucleic acid detection method based on enzyme reaction. This method can complete the sample detection at 39 °C in 30 min. In this study, we successfully established a rapid reverse transcription recombinase-aided amplification (RT-RAA) assay for the detection of human norovirus GII.4 and applied this assay to clinical samples, as well as comparison with commercial reverse transcription real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). RESULTS: At 95% probability, the detection sensitivity of RT-RAA was 3.425 log10 genomic copies (LGC)/reaction. Moreover, no cross-reaction was observed with other norovirus genogroups and other common foodborne viruses. Stool samples were examined by RT-RAA and reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Compared of RT-qPCR, kappa values for human norovirus detection with RT-RAA were 0.894 (p < 0.001), indicating that both assays were in agreement. CONCLUSION: This RT-RAA assay provides a rapid, specific, and sensitive assay for human norovirus detection and is suitable for clinical testing.


Assuntos
Infecções por Caliciviridae/diagnóstico , Gastroenterite/diagnóstico , Norovirus/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Sequência de Bases , Infecções por Caliciviridae/virologia , Primers do DNA/metabolismo , Gastroenterite/virologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Norovirus/isolamento & purificação , RNA Viral/química , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Recombinases/metabolismo , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Alinhamento de Sequência
13.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(5): 7538-7548, 2021 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658391

RESUMO

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a fatal disease whose molecular mechanism is unknown. The trimethylation of lysine 36 on histone 3 (H3K36me3) catalyzed by SETD2 and the modification of N6-methyladenine (m6A) mRNA mediated by METTL14 play important roles in a variety of normal and pathological biological processes. However, the role of these epigenetic controls in the pathogenesis of PAH remains unclear. In this study, the expression of SETD2 and METTL14 was elevated in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) of hypoxia-induced PAH mice. We further constructed a mouse model with SETD2 specific knockout in smooth muscle cells (SETD2SM22α Cre). Our results suggest that the lack of SETD2 in SMCs protected mice from hypoxia-induced PAH and significantly reduced right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP), right ventricular/left ventricular plus septum [RV/(LV+S)] weight ratio, and pulmonary median width. In addition, the absence of SETD2 in SMCs alleviates the level of METTL14 expression and the m6A RNA methylation level in PAH SMCs. These results obtained from mice suggest that strategies that target the inhibition of SETD2/METTL14 activity may be a viable treatment for PAH in a clinical setting.

14.
Cancer Lett ; 508: 47-58, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766751

RESUMO

Perineural invasion (PNI) is a common feature of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and is one of the important causes of local recurrence in resected pancreatic cancer, but the molecular mechanism remains largely unexplored. Here, we used immunohistochemistry staining to determine the expression of CD74. Then the in vivo PNI model, in vitro neuroplasticity assay, cell proliferation assay, wound healing and Transwell-based invasion assay were performed to examine the function of CD74 in pancreatic cancer cell lines. ChIP assay and Luciferase reporter assay were used to illustrate the mechanism underlying CD74 induced GDNF expression. We confirmed that the expression level of CD74 was an independent predictor of PNI and poor prognosis for PDAC. Moreover, we found that upregulation of CD74 on PDAC enhanced its migration and invasive capabilities and potentiated the secretion of neurotrophic factor GDNF to promote the neuroplasticity. Mechanistically, CD74 promoted GDNF production via the AKT/EGR-1/GDNF axis in PDAC. Taken together, our findings suggest a supportive role of CD74 in the PNI of PDAC, and deepen our understanding of how cancer cells promote neuroplasticity in the microenvironment of PDAC.

15.
Nat Methods ; 18(2): 186-193, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542511

RESUMO

Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) enables macromolecular structure determination in vitro and inside cells. In addition to aligning individual particles, accurate registration of sample motion and three-dimensional deformation during exposures are crucial for achieving high-resolution reconstructions. Here we describe M, a software tool that establishes a reference-based, multi-particle refinement framework for cryo-EM data and couples a comprehensive spatial deformation model to in silico correction of electron-optical aberrations. M provides a unified optimization framework for both frame-series and tomographic tilt-series data. We show that tilt-series data can provide the same resolution as frame-series data on a purified protein specimen, indicating that the alignment step no longer limits the resolution obtainable from tomographic data. In combination with Warp and RELION, M resolves to residue level a 70S ribosome bound to an antibiotic inside intact bacterial cells. Our work provides a computational tool that facilitates structural biology in cells.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Microscopia Crioeletrônica/métodos , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Interface Usuário-Computador
16.
Int J Cancer ; 149(1): 108-118, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544890

RESUMO

This cross-sectional and longitudinal descriptive analysis aimed to track the evolving landscape of global immuno-oncology (IO) trials and provide insight into the resolution of IO-related controversies. Clinical trials (n = 4510) registered on ClinicalTrials.gov in 2007 to 2019 studying immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), adoptive cell transfer (ACT), cancer vaccines and immune modulators were included. Most of IO trials are Phase 2 and focus on ICIs and multiple IO therapies. The United States leads global IO research, with stable growth and the best methodological quality. Mainland China ranks first in the number of ACT trials but has the lowest article publication rate (6.2%). A multiple-arm comparative design is often adopted in multiple IO therapies trials (44.0%). Trials studying ICIs and multiple IO therapies are likely to use early registration (80.0% and 86.6%) and stringent corticosteroid-/infection-related criteria. Hospitals have provided the most extensive and strongest support for all IO categories. Big pharma prefers to fund Phase 3-4 ICI trials (6.98%), while small pharma has a wider sponsorship favoring Phase 1-2 trials. The "partial-use-of-corticosteroids" strategy is generally well accepted in ICI trials with a definitive trend (32.5%; P < .001) but is associated with the poor dissemination of results (P ≤ .020), while the complete disclosure and standardization of dose/timing limits are still lacking. Disparities in design features and dissemination of results are widespread in IO trials and are modulated by IO category, cancer type and sponsor. We propose policy reforms to redefine the timely publication of IO trials and standardize the resolution of corticosteroid-/infection-related issues.

17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 913, 2021 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568635

RESUMO

Quantum tunnelling offers a unique opportunity to study nanoscale objects with atomic resolution using electrical readout. However, practical implementation is impeded by the lack of simple, stable probes, that are required for successful operation. Existing platforms offer low throughput and operate in a limited range of analyte concentrations, as there is no active control to transport molecules to the sensor. We report on a standalone tunnelling probe based on double-barrelled capillary nanoelectrodes that do not require a conductive substrate to operate unlike other techniques, such as scanning tunnelling microscopy. These probes can be used to efficiently operate in solution environments and detect single molecules, including mononucleotides, oligonucleotides, and proteins. The probes are simple to fabricate, exhibit remarkable stability, and can be combined with dielectrophoretic trapping, enabling active analyte transport to the tunnelling sensor. The latter allows for up to 5-orders of magnitude increase in event detection rates and sub-femtomolar sensitivity.


Assuntos
Nanotecnologia/métodos , Oligonucleotídeos/química , Proteínas/química , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação
18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(5): 118970, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529640

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been shown to possess pro-hypertrophic properties in the heart, but the detailed molecular mechanism that underlies the pathological process is rarely explored. In the present study, we aim to explore the role of S1P-mediated intracellular Ca2+ signaling, with a focus on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR)-mitochondria communication, in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) displayed significantly hypertrophic growth after treatment with 1 µmol/L S1P for 48 h, as indicated by the cell surface area or mRNA expressions of hypertrophic marker genes (ANP, BNP and ß-MHC). Importantly, mitochondrial Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were dramatically elevated upon S1P stimulation, and pharmacological blockage of which abolished NRVM hypertrophy. 0.5 Hz electrical pacing induced similar cytosolic Ca2+ kinetics to S1P stimulation, but unaffected the peak of mitochondrial [Ca2+]. With interference of the expression of type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R2), which are unemployed in electrical paced Ca2+ activity but may be activated by S1P, alteration in mitochondrial Ca2+ as well as the hypertrophic effect in NRVMs under S1P stimulation were attenuated. The hypertrophic effect of S1P can also be abolished by pharmacological block of S1PR1 or Gi signaling. Collectively, our study highlights the mechanistic role of IP3R2-mediated excess SR-mitochondria Ca2+ transport in S1P-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1151: 338248, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608071

RESUMO

The CRISPR/Cas12a system has displayed remarkable potential in the development of new methods for nucleic acid detection owing to the trans-cleavage activity of Cas12a. Despite the tremendous development in recent years, existing CRISPR/Cas12a-based methods have several limitations such as the time-consuming process, which takes up to 2 h, and the risk of aerosol contamination during DNA amplicon transfer. Herein, we propose a CRISPR/Cas12a-based fluorescence detection platform named "Cas12aFDet" for rapid nucleic acid detection that overcomes these limitations. By integrating PCR or recombinase-aided amplification (RAA) methods with Cas12a-mediated cleavage in a sealed reaction tube, Cas12aFDet-based detection of amplified products could be accomplished within 15 min, while avoiding amplicon contamination. The detection limits of PCR-based Cas12aFDet and RAA-based Cas12aFDet were determined to be 3.37 × 101 cfu/mL and 1.35 × 102 cfu/mL of Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4c in pure culture, respectively. Most importantly, RAA-based Cas12aFDet exhibited 0.64 aM sensitivity for DNA detection, and showed high specificity for detection of other serotypes of Listeria and non-Listeria strains. Furthermore, the feasibility of the RAA-based Cas12aFDet method was evaluated in spiked and natural samples, enabling the quantitative detection of 1.35 × 108-1.35 × 103 cfu/g fresh grass carp of the target L. monocytogenes serotype 4c, and the results obtained for 22 natural aquatic samples were highly consistent with those of the culture-based serotyping method. The established Cas12aFDet platform is expected to provide a new paradigm for the sensitive and specific detection of pathogens in food safety and clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Listeria monocytogenes , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Listeria monocytogenes/genética , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Sorogrupo
20.
Biomed Mater ; 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631731

RESUMO

An efficient long-term intracellular growth factor release system in simulated microgravity for osteogenic differentiation was prepared based on polylactic acid (PLA) and polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) nanoparticles for loading of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) (defined as sB2-PLA-NP and sB7-PHA-NP), respectively, associated with osteogenic differentiation of human adipose derived stem cells (hADSCs). On account of soybean lecithin (SL) as biosurfactants, sB2-PLA-NPs and sB7-PHA-NPs had a high encapsulation efficiency (>80%) of BMPs and uniform small size (<100 nm), and showed different slow-release to provide BMP2 in early stage and BMP7 in late stages of osteogenic differentiation within 20 days, due to degradation rate of PLA and PHA in cells. After uptake into hADSCs, by comparison with single sB2-PLA-NP or sB7-PHA-NP, the Mixture NPs, compound of sB2-PLA-NP and sB7-PHA-NP with a mass ratio of 1:1, can well-promote ALP activity, expression of OPN and upregulated related osteo-genes. Directed osteo-differentiation of Mixture NPs was similar to result of sustained free-BMP2 and BMP7-supplying (sFree-B2&B7) in simulated microgravity, which demonstrated the reliability and stability of Mixture NPs as a long-term osteogenic differentiation system in space medicine and biology in future.

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