Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.540
Filtrar
1.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35015221

RESUMO

Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR), generally defined as a decreased number or quality of oocytes, has a significant impact on quality of life and fertility in women. In recent years, the incidence of DOR has been increasing and the ages of patients are younger. The search for an effective DOR treatment has emerged as one of the preeminent research topics in reproductive health. An effective DOR therapy would improve ovarian function, fertility, and quality of life in patients. In this review we evaluated DOR treatment progress both in Western medicine and Chinese medicine, and elucidated the characteristics of each treatment.

2.
Neurol Ther ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35006479

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of single and multiple doses of opicapone (OPC) in healthy Chinese and Caucasian subjects. METHODS: In this open-label, single-center, phase 1 study, eligible Chinese subjects received one of three OPC doses (25, 50, or 100 mg), and Caucasian subjects received either 25 or 50 mg of OPC. All subjects were administered a single dose of OPC, whereas subjects in the 50-mg OPC group continued to receive once-daily doses of 50 mg OPC for 10 days. The primary endpoint was to evaluate and compare the plasma concentrations and PK parameters of OPC and its main metabolite, and erythrocyte-soluble catechol-O-methyltransferase (S-COMT) activity in Chinese subjects with that of Caucasian subjects. The secondary endpoint was to evaluate the safety of OPC in Chinese subjects. The estimated results for geometric mean ratios (GMRs) were evaluated with the standard bioequivalence (BE) limits between 80% and 125% to evaluate the ethnic differences. All statistical analyses were performed using SAS version 9.4. RESULTS: In total, 70 subjects (45 Chinese, 25 Caucasian) were enrolled; the majority of them were male (85.7%). The plasma exposure of both OPC and BIA 9-1103 increased in an approximately dose-proportional manner in both populations. Maximum S-COMT inhibition ranged from 79% to 95% after a single dose and was about 94% after a 10-day once-daily regimen in both populations. The point estimates of GMRs (Chinese/Caucasian) and 90% CI, except Cmax in 25-mg and 50-mg OPC groups, for PK and PD parameters were within 80% to 125%. Furthermore, no new risks or safety concerns associated with OPC were identified, indicating a tolerable safety profile in healthy Chinese subjects. CONCLUSION: Ethnicity had no significant impact on PK and PD parameters after single or multiple doses of OPC, and OPC was safe and tolerable in healthy Chinese subjects. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR number, CTR20192230.

3.
Trends Hear ; 26: 23312165211068629, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34985356

RESUMO

A signal processing approach combining beamforming with mask-informed speech enhancement was assessed by measuring sentence recognition in listeners with mild-to-moderate hearing impairment in adverse listening conditions that simulated the output of behind-the-ear hearing aids in a noisy classroom. Two types of beamforming were compared: binaural, with the two microphones of each aid treated as a single array, and bilateral, where independent left and right beamformers were derived. Binaural beamforming produces a narrower beam, maximising improvement in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but eliminates the spatial diversity that is preserved in bilateral beamforming. Each beamformer type was optimised for the true target position and implemented with and without additional speech enhancement in which spectral features extracted from the beamformer output were passed to a deep neural network trained to identify time-frequency regions dominated by target speech. Additional conditions comprising binaural beamforming combined with speech enhancement implemented using Wiener filtering or modulation-domain Kalman filtering were tested in normally-hearing (NH) listeners. Both beamformer types gave substantial improvements relative to no processing, with significantly greater benefit for binaural beamforming. Performance with additional mask-informed enhancement was poorer than with beamforming alone, for both beamformer types and both listener groups. In NH listeners the addition of mask-informed enhancement produced significantly poorer performance than both other forms of enhancement, neither of which differed from the beamformer alone. In summary, the additional improvement in SNR provided by binaural beamforming appeared to outweigh loss of spatial information, while speech understanding was not further improved by the mask-informed enhancement method implemented here.

4.
Environ Toxicol ; 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995020

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) is a persistent environmental and industrial pollutant that accumulated in the body and induces oxidative stress and inflammation damage. Selenium (Se) has been reported to antagonize immune organs damage caused by heavy metals. Here, we aimed to investigate the prevent effect of Se on mercuric chloride (HgCl2 )-induced thymus and bursa of Fabricius (BF) damage in chickens. The results showed that HgCl2 caused immunosuppression by reducing the relative weight, cortical area of the thymus and BF, and the number of peripheral blood lymphocytes. Meanwhile, HgCl2 induced oxidative stress and imbalance in cytokines expression in the thymus and BF. Further, we found that thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) and the NOD-like receptor pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome mediated HgCl2 -induced oxidative stress and inflammation. Mechanically, the targeting and inhibitory effect of microRNA (miR)-135b/183 on forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) were an upstream event for HgCl2 -activated TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. Most importantly, Se effectively attenuated the aforementioned damage in the thymus and BF caused by HgCl2 and inhibited the TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway by reversing the expression of FOXO1 through inhibiting miR-135b/183. In conclusion, the miR-135b/183-FOXO1/TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome axis might be a novel mechanism for Se to antagonize HgCl2 -induced oxidative stress and inflammation in the central immune organs of chickens.

5.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 758240, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869347

RESUMO

Uveitis is a sight-threatening intraocular inflammation, and the exact pathogenesis of uveitis is not yet clear. Recent studies, including multiple genome-wide association studies (GWASs), have identified genetic variations associated with the onset and progression of different types of uveitis, such as Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease and Behcet's disease (BD). However, epigenetic regulation has been shown to play key roles in the immunoregulation of uveitis, and epigenetic therapies are promising treatments for intraocular inflammation. In this review, we summarize recent advances in identifying epigenetic programs that cooperate with the physiology of intraocular immune responses and the pathology of intraocular inflammation. These attempts to understand the epigenetic mechanisms of uveitis may provide hope for the future development of epigenetic therapies for these devastating intraocular inflammatory conditions.

6.
J Virol Methods ; : 114402, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871628

RESUMO

Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a detrimental plant virus in agricultural production. Traditionally, the half-leaf method using Nicotiana glutinosa has been used for screening agrochemicals to control CMV. However, this forms a time-consuming experimental bottleneck. In this study, we constructed a rapid screening model for anti-CMV compounds using CMV. In short, purified CMV particles were labeled through amine reactions and then subjected to binding studies with commercial compounds. The relative gene expression levels were then confirmed. Additionally, the rapid screening model results were verified using synthesized compounds. The commercial compounds ningnanmycin, ribavirin, and moroxydine hydrochloride bound to CMV with dissociation constants of 0.012, 2.870, and 0.069 µM, respectively, and they significantly inhibited expression of the gene for the CMV coat protein in CMV-infected tobacco leaves. This rapid screening model was assessed using our synthetic compounds N12, N16, and N18 through binding, which were shown to have dissociation constants 0.008, 0.025, and 70.800 µM, respectively, as well as via gene expression studies. Thus, a rapid method for screening anti-CMV commercial compounds and our synthetic compounds was constructed and confirmed.

7.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34873082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As one of the most common endocrinal disorders for women at childbearing age, the diagnostic criteria of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been defined differently among different international health organizations. Phenotypic heterogeneity of PCOS also brings about difficulties for its diagnosis and management assessment. Therefore, more efficient biomarkers representing the progression of PCOS are expected to be integrated into the monitoring of management process using metabolomic approaches. METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, 117 PCOS patients were enrolled from December 2016 to September 2017. Classical diagnostic parameters, blood glucose, and metabolome were measured in these patients before and at 2 months and 3 months of different medical interventions. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were built based on multivariate statistical analysis using data at baseline and 3 months' management, and combinational biomarkers with appreciable sensitivity and specificity were selected, which then validated with data collected at 2 months. RESULTS: A set of metabolites including glutamic acid, aspartic acid, 1-methylnicotinamide, acetylcarnitine, glycerophosphocholine, and oleamide were filtered out with high performance in representing the improvement through 3-month management of PCOS with high sensitivity and specificity in ROC analysis and validation with other two groups showed an appreciable area under the curve over 0.96. CONCLUSIONS: The six metabolites were representative of the remission of PCOS through medical intervention, making them a set of potential biomarkers for assessing the outcome of PCOS management. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03264638.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(23)2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34884520

RESUMO

Low temperature remarkably limits rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) growth, latex production, and geographical distribution, but the underlying mechanisms of Hevea brasiliensis cold stress response remain elusive. Here, we identified HbSnRK2.6 as a key component in ABA signaling functions in phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA)-regulated cold stress response in Hevea brasiliensis. Exogenous application of ABA enhances Hevea brasiliensis cold tolerance. Cold-regulated (COR) genes in the CBF pathway are upregulated by ABA. Transcript levels of all five HbSnRK2.6 members are significantly induced by cold, while HbSnRK2.6A, HbSnRK2.6B, and HbSnRK2.6C can be further activated by ABA under cold conditions. Additionally, HbSnRK2.6s are localized in the cytoplasm and nucleus, and can physically interact with HbICE2, a crucial positive regulator in the cold signaling pathway. Overexpression of HbSnRK2.6A or HbSnRK2.6B in Arabidopsis extensively enhances plant responses to ABA and expression of COR genes, leading to increased cold stress tolerance. Furthermore, HbSnRK2.6A and HbSnRK2.6B can promote transcriptional activity of HbICE2, thus, increasing the expression of HbCBF1. Taken together, we demonstrate that HbSnRK2.6s are involved in ABA-regulated cold stress response in Hevea brasiliensis by regulating transcriptional activity of HbICE2.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 760003, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34858837

RESUMO

Introduction: The classical pathway for the therapy of low- to intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer is radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy, which has shown a high incidence of complications, including erectile dysfunction, urinary incontinence, and bowel injury. An alternative pathway is to perform an ablation by some energy to the localized lesion, known as focal therapy. High-frequency irreversible electroporation (H-FIRE) is nonthermal energy that can be used in cancer ablation to deliver pulsed high-voltage but low-energy electric current to the cell membrane and to invoke cell death. An H-FIRE pathway has been reported to be tissue-selective, which leads to fewer side effects. Methods and Analysis: This is a multicenter and single-arm objective performance criteria (OPC) study, in which all men with localized prostate cancer are allocated to H-FIRE ablation. This trial will assess the efficacy and safety of the H-FIRE ablation for prostate cancer. Efficacy will be assessed by prostate biopsy 6 months after treatment while safety will be assessed by adverse event reports and questionnaires. The main inclusion criteria are moderate to low-risk prostate cancer in NCCN risk classification and had no previous therapy for prostate cancer. A sample size of 110 participants is required. The primary objective is to determine whether the detection rate of clinically significant cancer by prostate biopsy is less than 20% after the H-FIRE ablation. Ethics and Dissemination: This study has obtained ethical approval by the ethics committee of all participating centers. The results of the study will be submitted for dissemination and publication in peer-reviewed journals. Conclusions: This multicenter single-arm objective performance criteria trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of the use of high-frequency irreversible electroporation in treating prostate cancer. Strengths and Limitations of This Study: A comprehensive evaluation of imaging and histopathology is used to determine the effect of treatment. Questionnaires were used to assess the treatment side effects. Multicenter and pragmatic designs capacitate higher generalizability. A limitation of this trial is that the prostate biopsy as an endpoint may not be as accurate as of the specimen from prostate prostatectomy. Another limitation is the 6-month follow-up time, making this trial challenging to come to firm conclusions regarding the efficacy and safety of IRE in the long term. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03838432.

10.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(51): 61638-61652, 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908393

RESUMO

Injection of a hydrogel loaded with drugs with simultaneous anti-inflammatory and tissue regenerating properties can be an effective treatment for promoting periodontal regeneration in periodontitis. Nevertheless, the design and preparation of an injectable hydrogel with self-healing properties for tunable sustained drug release is still highly desired. In this work, polysaccharide-based hydrogels were formed by a dynamic cross-linked network of dynamic Schiff base bonds and dynamic coordination bonds. The hydrogels showed a quick gelation process, injectability, and excellent self-healing properties. In particular, the hydrogels formed by a double-dynamic network would undergo a gel-sol transition process without external stimuli. And the gel-sol transition time could be tuned by the double-dynamic network structure for in situ stimuli involving a change in its own molecular structure. Moreover, the drug delivery properties were also tunable owing to the gel-sol transition process. Sustained drug release characteristics, which were ascribed to a diffusion process, were observed during the first stage of drug release, and complete drug release owing to the gel-sol transition process was achieved. The sustained drug release time could be tuned according to the double-dynamic bonds in the hydrogel. The CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity, and the result showed no cytotoxicity, indicating that the injectable and self-healing hydrogels with double-dynamic bond tunable gel-sol transition could be safely used in controlled drug delivery for periodontal disease therapy. Finally, the promotion of periodontal regeneration in periodontitis in vivo was investigated using hydrogels loaded with ginsenoside Rg1 and amelogenin. Micro-CT and histological analyses indicated that the hydrogels were promising candidates for addressing the practical needs of a tunable drug delivery method for promoting periodontal regeneration in periodontitis.

11.
Clin Linguist Phon ; : 1-25, 2021 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34955083

RESUMO

Speech intelligibility is an essential though complex construct in speech pathology. In this paper, we investigated the interrater reliability and validity of two types of intelligibility measures: a rating-based measure, through Visual Analogue Scales (VAS), and a transcription-based measure called Accuracy of Words (AcW), through two forms of orthographic transcriptions, one containing only existing words (EWTrans) and one allowing all sorts of words, including both existing words and pseudowords (AWTrans). Both VAS and AcW scores were collected from five expert raters. We selected speakers with various severity levels of dysarthria (SevL) and employed two types of speech materials, i.e. meaningful sentences and word lists. To measure reliability, we applied Generalizability Theory, which is relatively unknown in the field of pathological speech and language research but enables more comprehensive analyses than traditional methods, e.g., the intraclass correlation coefficient. The results convincingly indicate that five expert raters were sufficient to provide reliable rating-based (VAS) and transcription-based (AcW) measures, and that reliability increased as the number of raters or utterances increased. Generalizability Theory has proved effective in systematically dealing with reliability issues in our experimental design. We also investigated construct and concurrent validity. Construct validity was addressed by exploring the correlations between VAS and AcW within and across speech materials. Concurrent validity was addressed by exploring the correlations between our measures, i.e. VAS and AcW, and two external measures, i.e. phoneme intelligibility and SevL. The correlations corroborate the validity of VAS and AcW to assess speech intelligibility, both in sentences and word lists.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 769615, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34899653

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways function as signaling hubs that are integral for many essential cellular processes, including sexual development. The molecular mechanisms and cross-talk between PR and CWI MAP kinase pathways have been extensively studied during asexual development. However, if these can be extended to sexual development remains elusive. By analyzing genome-wide transcriptional responses to deletion of each of two MAP kinase coding genes mak-2 (PR-MAP kinase pathway) and mak-1 (CWI-MAP kinase pathway) in Neurospora crassa during protoperithecium formation, 430 genes co-regulated by the MAK-1 and MAK-2 proteins were found, functionally enriched at integral components of membrane and oxidoreductase. These genes include 13 functionally known genes participating in sexual development (app, poi-2, stk-17, fsd-1, vsd-8, and NCU03863) and melanin synthesis (per-1, pkh-1, pkh-2, mld-1, scy-1, trn-2, and trn-1), as well as a set of functionally unknown genes. Phenotypic analysis of deletion mutants for the functionally unknown genes revealed that 12 genes were essential for female fertility. Among them, single-gene deletion mutants for NCU07743 (named as pfd-1), NCU02250 (oli), and NCU05948 (named as pfd-2) displayed similar protoperithecium development defects as the Δmak-1 and Δmak-2 mutants, failing to form protoperithecium. Western blotting analysis showed that both phosphorylated and total MAK-1 proteins were virtually abolished in the Δnrc-1, Δmek-2, and Δmak-2 mutants, suggesting that the posttranscriptional regulation of MAK-1 is dependent on the PR-MAP kinase pathway during the protoperithecium development. Taken together, this study revealed the regulatory roles and cross-talk between PR and CWI-MAP kinase pathways during protoperithecium development.

13.
EMBO J ; : e108591, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34842295

RESUMO

It is still unclear why pathological amyloid deposition initiates in specific brain regions or why some cells or tissues are more susceptible than others. Amyloid deposition is determined by the self-assembly of short protein segments called aggregation-prone regions (APRs) that favour cross-ß structure. Here, we investigated whether Aß amyloid assembly can be modified by heterotypic interactions between Aß APRs and short homologous segments in otherwise unrelated human proteins. Mining existing proteomics data of Aß plaques from AD patients revealed an enrichment in proteins that harbour such homologous sequences to the Aß APRs, suggesting heterotypic amyloid interactions may occur in patients. We identified homologous APRs from such proteins and show that they can modify Aß assembly kinetics, fibril morphology and deposition pattern in vitro. Moreover, we found three of these proteins upon transient expression in an Aß reporter cell line promote Aß amyloid aggregation. Strikingly, we did not find a bias towards heterotypic interactions in plaques from AD mouse models where Aß self-aggregation is observed. Based on these data, we propose that heterotypic APR interactions may play a hitherto unrealized role in amyloid-deposition diseases.

14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 108369, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The roles of CD56bright and CD56dim natural killer (NK) subsets in the viral clearance and inflammatory processes of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) remain undefined. METHODS: A total of 39 HCs and 55 patients were enrolled to analyze peripheral CD56bright and CD56dim NK cells according to cell number, surface receptors, cytotoxic activities, and cytokine production. The plasma concentrations of IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ, TNF-α,and MCP-1 were detected using ELSA. RESULTS: Peripheral blood NK cells was significantly lower in severe patients than in HCs due to the dramatic loss of CD56dim NK cells with no changes in the cell count of CD56bright NK cells. For mild patients, decreased NKp46 expression coincided with enhanced cytolysis (CD107a, GNLY, and GrB) in CD56dim NK cells and decreased NKG2A expression with enhanced IL-10 production in CD56bright NK cells. In contrast, severe patients showed the dominant expression of NKG2A and decreased expression of NKG2D accompanied by cytotoxic dysfunction in CD56dim NK cells. Imbalanced receptor expression coincided with the increased concentrations of TNF-α in CD56bright NK cells. Moreover, EV71+ patients showed significantly decreased counts of CD56dim NK cells with cytolysis dysfunction, displayed cytokine hypersecretion in CD56bright NK cells, while the EV71- patients displayed significantly higher plasma cytokine concentrations. The changes in the immune function of NK subsets and their subpopulations were closely related to clinical inflammatory parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Low-frequency, exhausted immune status of CD56dim NK cells and disordered inflammatory cytokine secretion of CD56bright NK cells were associated with the progression of severe HFMD, especially in EV71-infected patients. This promoted the severity of inflammatory disorders, leading to enhanced disease pathogenesis.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 228: 113018, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837874

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) is a persistent heavy metal contaminant with definite hepatotoxicity. Selenium (Se) has been shown to alleviate liver damage induced by heavy metals. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the mechanism of the antagonistic effect of Se on mercury chloride (HgCl2)-induced hepatotoxicity in chickens. Firstly, we confirmed that Se alleviated HgCl2-induced liver injury through histopathological observation and liver function analyzation. The results also showed that Se prevented HgCl2-induced liver lipid accumulation and dyslipidemia by regulating the gene expression related to lipid as well as glucose metabolism. Moreover, Se blocked the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)/NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome signaling pathway, which was the key to alleviate the inflammation caused by HgCl2. Mechanically, Se inhibited immoderate mitochondrial division, fusion, and biogenesis caused by HgCl2, and also improved mitochondrial respiration, which were essential for preventing energy metabolism disorder and inflammation. In conclusion, our results suggested that Se inhibited energy metabolism disorder and inflammation by regulating mitochondrial dynamics, thereby alleviating HgCl2-induced liver injury in chickens. These results are expected to provide potential intervention and therapeutic targets for diseases caused by inorganic mercury poisoning.

16.
Respir Med ; 190: 106682, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34788736

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis has been well studied in multiple races and ethnic groups. However, there is a paucity of data that describes sarcoidosis in Hispanics. We aimed to determine the prevalence of Hispanic ethnicity, clinical characteristics and impact of sarcoidosis among Hispanics from a US based national registry. METHODS: We conducted a national registry-based study investigating 3835 respondents to the Sarcoidosis Advanced Registry for Cures questionnaire. This registry is a web-based, self-reported questionnaire that provides data related to demographics, diagnostics, organ involvement, treatment modalities, and the physical and psychosocial impact of sarcoidosis. We compared Hispanic patients to non-Hispanics. We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for age, gender, education, income and insurance status and looked at the association between Hispanic ethnicity with depression, chronic pain syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, impact on family finances, employment-based disability and job termination. RESULTS: Nine percent of the patients reported a Hispanic ethnicity and the majority of these patients self-identified as white women. The most common organs involved were the lungs (74.9%), central lymph nodes (53.8%), and peripheral lymph nodes (37.1%). Hispanics reported more peripheral nerves and peripheral lymph nodes involvement than non-Hispanics. Hispanics experienced more depression, sleep apnea, and chronic pain syndrome than non-Hispanics. The use of mobility assistive devices was more common among Hispanics, as well as employment-based disability, and disease-related job termination compared to non-Hispanics. The majority of Hispanics reported significantly more pain that interfered with the enjoyment of life than non-Hispanics. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, Hispanic ethnicity was associated with depression (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.01-2.2), chronic pain syndrome (aOR = 1.7; 1.1-2.6), job termination due to sarcoidosis (aOR = 1.7; 1.1-2.7) and higher impact on family finances (aOR = 1.7; 1.1-2.5). CONCLUSION: The clinical presentation of sarcoidosis in Hispanic patients differs from that in non-Hispanic patients living in the United States. These differences should be considered when managing Hispanic patients with sarcoidosis. We encourage more studies that investigate phenotyping among Hispanics with sarcoidosis.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic jet lag (CJL)-induced circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is positively correlated with an increased risk of allergic diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism involved in allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Aberrant light/dark cycles-induced CRD mice were randomly divided into negative control (NC) group, AR group, CRD+NC group, and CRD+AR group (n = 8/group). After ovalbumin (OVA) challenge, nasal symptom scores were recorded. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in both nasal mucosa and lung tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining. The level of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and T-helper (Th)-related cytokines in the plasma was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the proportion of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocytes was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The nasal symptom score in the CRD+AR group was significantly higher than those in the AR group with respect to eosinophil infiltration, mast cell degranulation, and goblet cell hyperplasia. The expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the nasal mucosa and lung tissues in the CRD+AR group were significantly lower than those in the AR group. Furthermore, Th2 and Th17 cell counts from splenocytes and OVA-sIgE, interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-13, and IL-17A levels in plasma were significantly increased in the CRD+AR group than in the AR group, whereas Th1 and Treg cell count and interferon γ (IFN-γ) level were significantly decreased in the CRD+AR group. CONCLUSION: CRD experimentally mimicked CJL in human activities, could exacerbate local and systemic allergic reactions in AR mice, partially through decreasing Occludin and ZO-1 level in the respiratory mucosa and increasing Th2-like immune response in splenocytes.

18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 759333, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746029

RESUMO

Recent advances have identified significant associations between the composition and function of the gut microbiota and various disorders in organ systems other than the digestive tract. Utilizing next-generation sequencing and multiomics approaches, the microbial community that possibly impacts ocular disease has been identified. This review provides an overview of the literature on approaches to microbiota analysis and the roles of commensal microbes in ophthalmic diseases, including autoimmune uveitis, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and other ocular disorders. In addition, this review discusses the hypothesis of the "gut-eye axis" and evaluates the therapeutic potential of targeting commensal microbiota to alleviate ocular inflammation.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Uveíte , Olho , Humanos , Inflamação
19.
Cancer Lett ; 526: 76-90, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801597

RESUMO

Most prostate cancer (PCa)-related deaths are caused by progression to bone metastasis. Recently, the importance of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in pre-metastatic niche formation has been reported. However, whether and how tumor-derived EVs interact with bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) to release EV-delivered microRNAs to promote osteolysis and induce pre-metastatic niche formation for PCa bone metastasis remain unclear. Our in vitro and in vivo functional and mechanistic assays revealed that EV-mediated release of miR-378a-3p from tumor cells was upregulated in bone-metastatic PCa, maintaining low intracellular miR-378a-3p concentration to promote proliferation and MAOA-mediated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Moreover, miR-378a-3p enrichment in tumor-derived EVs was induced by hnRNPA2B1 (a transfer chaperone) overexpression. After tumor-derived EVs were taken in by BMMs, enriched miR-378a-3p promoted osteolytic progression by inhibiting Dyrk1a to improve Nfatc1 (an osteolysis-related transcription factor) nuclear translocation, to activate the expression of downstream target gene Angptl2. As a feedback, increased Angptl2 secretion into the tumor environment promoted PCa progression. In conclusion, tumor-derived miR-378a-3p-containing EVs play a significant role in PCa bone metastasis by activating the Dyrk1a/Nfatc1/Angptl2 axis in BMMs to induce osteolytic progression, making miR-378a-3p a potential predictor of metastatic PCa. Reducing the release of miR-378a-3p-containing EVs or inhibiting the recruitment of miR-378a-3p into EVs can be a therapeutic strategy against PCa metastasis.

20.
ACS Omega ; 6(45): 30826-30833, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805711

RESUMO

Plant bacteria such as Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Xac), Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa), Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), and tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) have created huge obstacles to the global trade of food and economic crops. However, traditional chemical agents used to control these plant diseases have gradually become disadvantageous due to long-term irregular use. Therefore, finding new and efficient antibacterial and antiviral agents is becoming imperative. In this study, a series of myricetin derivatives containing a quinazolinone moiety were designed and synthesized, and the antibacterial and antiviral activities of these compounds were evaluated. The bioassay results showed that some target compounds exhibited good antibacterial activities in vitro and antiviral activities in vivo. Among them, the median effective concentration (EC50) value of compound L18 against Xac was 16.9 µg/mL, which was better than those of the control drugs bismerthiazol (BT) (62.2 µg/mL) and thiodiazole copper (TC) (97.5 µg/mL). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results confirmed that compound L18 inhibited the growth of Xac by affecting the morphology of cells. Microscale thermophoresis (MST) test results indicated that the dissociation constant (K d) value of compound L11 against TMV-CP was 0.012 µM, which was better than that of the control agent ningnanmycin (2.726 µM). This study reveals that myricetin derivatives containing a quinazolinone moiety are potential antibacterial and antiviral agents.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...