Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.171
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121132, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518813

RESUMO

To investigate the effect of salinity (1% sodium chloride) on anaerobic microbial community structure in high strength telephthalic wastewater treatment system, the performances of anaerobic-aerobic process and the shifts of microbial community in anaerobic tank were studied and determined. Results showed that the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal in the whole process remained above 90%. And the effluent concentrations of targeted pollutants were lower than 10 mg/L, other than para-toluic acid (PT, 38.09 mg/L). However, methane production significantly decreased compared to no salinity situation. This might be due to the inhibition of salinity on methanogens, which hindered the conversion of acetate to methane. Furthermore, the dominant genus in bacterial level changed from Tepidisphaera to Syntrophus, which facilitated the syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens. The prevailed archaea remained acetoclastic Methanothrix above 90%. Therefore, the salinity on anaerobic microbial community structure mainly reflects in the methanogen process, remarkably decreasing methane production.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(6): 3478-3485, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748041

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), as primary intermediates formed during photocatalytic reactions, are critical for a photocatalyst to realize high activity. The major objective of this study was to investigate the regulation of ROS involved in the photocatalytic degradation process via constructing a typical metal-semiconductor hybrid heterojunction using Ag nanoparticles/anatase TiO2 as an example. Based on radical capturing, electron paramagnetic resonance, and electron spin resonance experiments, an increase in the available ROS can be achieved in the Ag/TiO2 heterojunction due to the fast separation of photogenerated carriers. In addition, due to the change in the electron transfer pathway, superoxide radicals (·O-2) are the dominant reactive species responsible for dye degradation using Ag/TiO2 rather than hydroxyl radicals (·OH) as the main free radicals in pristine TiO2. This study offers fresh insight into the regulation of ROS in photodegradation via the construction of a Ag/TiO2 heterojunction.

3.
Hemoglobin ; : 1-3, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690135

RESUMO

A female of Chinese origin carried the codon 43 (G>T) (HBB: c.130G > T) and codons 71/72 (+A) (HBB: c.216_217insA) mutations of the ß-globin gene in cis, identified during prenatal thalassemia screening. The double in cis mutations were inherited from her mother. Both of the two carriers behave as a traditional heterozygote for ß-thalassemia (ß-thal) with microcytosis and a high Hb A2 level. This case report indicates that the possibility of multiple mutations in cis in a fetus with thalassemia trait has to be considered in a prenatal screening program.

4.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(6): 6892-6906, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698594

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurological degenerative disease, which is mainly char-acterized by the memory loss. As electroencephalogram (EEG) device is relatively cheap, portable and non-invasive, it has been widely used in AD-related studies. We proposed a method to detect the differences between healthy subjects and AD patients, which combines classical sample entropy (Sam-pEn) and surrogate data method. EEGs from 14 AD patients and 20 healthy subjects were analyzed. The results based on the original data showed that the SampEn of AD patients was significantly de-creased (p < 0.01) at electrodes c3, f3, o2 and p4, which confirmed that AD could cause complexity loss. However, using original data could be subject to human judgement, so we generated a series of surrogate data. We found that, there were significant difference of SampEn between the original time series and their surrogate data at c3 and o2 electrodes and the differences between healthy subjects and AD patients can be verified. Our method is capable of distinguishing AD patients from healthy subjects, which is consistent with the concept of physiologic complexity, and providing insights for understanding of AD.

5.
J Dairy Sci ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704015

RESUMO

This study was conducted to analyze the effect of milk types on the attributes of the glutinous rice wine-fermented yogurt-like product named Kouwan Lao (KWL). Four types of raw milks were used in this study, including high temperature, long time (HTLT: H milk), HTLT milk supplemented with 3% skim milk powder (S milk), pasteurized milk (P milk), and ultra-high temperature milk (U milk). Microbiological compositions of the fermented glutinous rice and KWL at different stages were analyzed using PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing based on 16S rRNA and 26S rRNA. The physicochemical properties of KWL samples were determined, and textural properties of those were analyzed using a texture analyzer (Jiawei Innovation and Technology Co. Ltd., Zhejiang Province, China). The microstructure of KWL samples was observed using scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the milk types had significant influences on the bacterial composition of KWL. In the curdling process, the predominant bacteria of H, S, P, and U KWL samples were Lactobacillus brevis, Janthinobacterium sp., Lactobacillus casei, and Streptococcus agalactiae, respectively. In the ripening process, the main strains in H KWL were Enterococcus faecium and Pediococcus pentosaceus. Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus paracasei were the dominant bacteria of U KWL. Lactobacillus casei was the main strain of P KWL, and no bacteria were detected in S KWL. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was the dominant fungus of KWL, and no significant effect of milk types on fungal composition of KWL was found. The results of physicochemical properties showed that significant differences in protein contents were found in the KWL samples, and P KWL had the highest protein content. The fat content of U KWL was significantly higher than that of samples from the other 3 groups. The U KWL and P KWL showed lower moisture than that of the other 2 KWL samples. In addition, no significant difference in pH value was found in all samples. The results of texture analysis and microstructure showed that compared with other 3 types of KWL samples, the related mass parameters of U KWL were more advantageous and improved significantly with the increase of the heat treatment temperature of raw milk and the addition of skim milk powder. Our findings revealed the effects of milk types on microbial composition, physicochemical properties, textural properties, and microstructure of KWL, and provided a basic theory for the optimization and industrial production of KWL.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756484

RESUMO

In this study, an endophytic actinobacterium Glutamicibacter halophytocola KLBMP 5180, was investigated for the production and antioxidant activity of exopolysaccharides (EPSs). First, the suitable fermentation time, temperature, inoculation volume, pH value, and the carbon and nitrogen sources for EPSs production were obtained using the one variable at a time method (OVAT). Then, a central composition design was used for fermentation conditions optimization to obtain the maximum EPS yield. The optimal medium and condition were as follows: 100 mL broth in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks, including 3.65 g/L maltose, 9.88 g/L malt extract, 3.40 g/L yeast extract, 1.41 g/L MnCl2, pH 7.5, culture temperature 28 °C, and 200 rpm for 7 days, which increased the yield of EPSs to 2.89 g/L. Two purified EPSs, 5180EPS-1 (MW 58.9 kDa) and 5180EPS-2 (10.5 kDa), comprising rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, glucuronic acid, xylose, and arabinose, were obtained for chemical analysis and antioxidant evaluation. The scavenging ability and reducing power of the superoxide anion and hydroxyl radicals demonstrated the moderate in vitro antioxidant activities of the two EPSs, thus indicating their potential to be a new source of natural antioxidants. However, further structure elucidation and functional studies need to be continued.

7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancers in men, but its metabolic characteristics during tumor progression are still far from being fully understood. METHODS: The metabolic profiles of matched tissue, serum and urine samples from the same patients were analyzed using a 1H NMR-based metabolomics approach. We identified several important metabolites that significantly altered at different stages of PCa, including benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), early PCa (EPC), advanced PCa (APC), metastatic PCa (MPC) and castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). Metabolic correlation networks among tissue, serum and urine samples were examined using Pearson's correlation. RESULTS: The changes in metabolic phenotypes during the progression of PCa were more noticeable in tissue samples when compared with serum and urine samples. Herein we identified a series of important metabolic disturbances, including decreased trends of citrate, creatinine, acetate, leucine, valine, glycine, lysine, histidine, glutamine and choline as well as increased trends of uridine and formate. These metabolites are mainly implicated in energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, choline and fatty acid metabolism as well as uridine metabolism. We also found that energy metabolism in tumor tissues was positively associated with amino acid metabolism in serum and urine. Additionally, CRPC patients had a peculiar metabolic phenotype, especially decreased amino acid metabolism in serum. CONCLUSIONS: The present study characterizes metabolic disturbances in both tissue and biofluid samples during PCa progression and provides potential diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets for PCa.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745702

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the use of the cell cycle progression (CCP) score versus actual risk stratification practice in making treatment decisions for prostate cancer patients with locally adverse pathology after radical prostatectomy (RP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men with adverse pathologic features, pT3 or positive surgical margins who underwent RP in 2010-2014 at Renji hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The primary outcome was biochemical recurrence (BCR) after RP. RNA was quantified from paraffin-embedded RP specimens. The CCP score was calculated as average expression of 31 CCP genes, normalized to 15 housekeeper genes. The prognostic utility of the CCP score was assessed using Kaplan-Meier analysis and multivariable Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: Among the 100 men identified, 5-year BCR-free survival for the low- (< 0), intermediate- (0-1) and high- (> 1) CCP score groups was 89.3%, 38.8%, and 12.9%, respectively. In multivariable models adjusting for clinical and pathological variables with the cancer of the prostate risk assessment post-surgical (CAPRA-S) score, both continuous CCP score [hazard ratio (HR) 1.373 per unit score, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.006-1.874; p = 0.046) and the categorized CCP score (p < 0.001)were independent predictors of BCR. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides insights into the role the CCP score plays in risk stratification of this cohort and in determining candidacy for deferred secondary treatment. From our perspective, the CCP score allows better stratification and can help identifying patients at lower risk of disease recurrence who could benefit from a wait-and-see policy.

9.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: PBRM1, located on 3p21, functions as a tumor suppressor and somatic mutation of PBRM1 is frequent in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). This study aims to determine the influence of PBRM1 expression on the prognosis of patients with mRCC receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment. METHODS: We identified 116 mRCC patients who were administered sunitinib or sorafenib as first-line therapy, between January 2006 and December 2016 at our institution. PBRM1 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), log-rank test was used to compare the survival outcomes between patients with low and high PBRM1 expression levels, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model was used to estimate the prognostic value. Prognostic accuracy was determined using Harrell concordance index, and nomograms were built to evaluate the prognosis of mRCC. RESULTS: Patients with low PBRM1 expression had significantly shorter median PFS (9 vs 26 months, P < 0.001) and OS (21 vs 44 months, P < 0.001) than those with high expression. Multivariate analysis showed that PBRM1 expression was an independent predictor of PFS (HR 1.975, P = 0.013) and OS (HR 2.282, P = 0.007). The model built by the addition of PBRM1 improved the C-index of PFS and OS to 0.72 and 0.82, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of PBRM1 could be a significant prognostic factor for mRCC patients treated with targeted therapy, and it increases the prognostic accuracy of the established prognostic model.

10.
FEBS Lett ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721178

RESUMO

The constituent paired helical filaments (PHFs) in neurofibrillary tangles are insoluble intracellular deposits central to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other tauopathies. Full-length tau requires the addition of anionic cofactors such as heparin to enhance assembly. We have shown that a fragment from the proteolytically stable core of the PHF, tau 297-391 known as "dGAE", spontaneously forms cross-b-containing PHFs and straight filaments under physiological conditions. Here, we have analysed and compared the structures of the filaments formed by dGAE in vitro with those deposited in the brains of individuals diagnosed with AD. We show that dGAE forms PHFs that share a macromolecular structure similar to those found in brain tissue. Thus, dGAEs may serve as a model system for studying core domain assembly and for screening for inhibitors of tau aggregation.

11.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(5): 714-719, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To select and identify the bacterium which highly produces protease and ß-D-glucosidase from 72 strains of Shuidouchi from Sichuan, and to provide evidence for further research on its nutritional value and fermentation strain exploiting. METHODS: Casein degradation test and pNPG chemical test were applied respectively to detect the capacity to produce protease and ß-D-glucosidase of each strain. Characteristics of morphology, biochemistry, 16S rRNA and MALDI-TOF-MS were used to identify the fermentation strain, which genetic stability, curves of growth and enzyme producing were also obtained. RESULTS: The strain with the highest enzyme activity of ß-D-glucosidase (0.084 U/L) among the top 10 strains for producing protease was selected as the fermentation strain and was identified as Bacillus subtilis, which curves of growth and enzyme producing conformed as well. The result of genetic stability showed that capacity of enzyme producing was stable until the 10th generation. CONCLUSIONS: The fermentation strain which highly produced protease and ß-D-glucosidase was selected from 72 strains of shuidouchi from Sichuan and was identified as Bacillus subtilis.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(47): 13033-13039, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730339

RESUMO

Three new macrocyclic trichothecenes possessing rare 6'-ketal moieties, roridoxins A-C (1-3), and five known compounds (4-8) were isolated from the insect-associated fungus Myrothecium roridum. Their structures were confirmed by a combination of NMR and HRESIMS data, while their absolute configurations were unambiguously determined by single-crystal X-ray analysis and electronic circular dichroism experiments. Trichothecenes 1 and 3 showed potent antifungal activities against four strains of phytopathogenic fungi. In addition, 1, 3, 5, and 6 were found to significantly inhibit the cell growth of Candida albicans with minimal inhibitory concentration values from 8.8 to 18.5 µg/mL. Moreover, they were able to inhibit the biofilm formation of C. albicans better than the positive control.

13.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(20): e012052, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595836

RESUMO

Background The impact of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on clinical short-term outcomes after stroke thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator remains controversial. Methods and Results We analyzed 18 320 ischemic stroke patients who received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator at participating hospitals in the Chinese Stroke Center Alliance between June 2015 and November 2017. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between eGFR (<45, 45-59, 60-89, and ≥90 mL/min per 1.73 m2) and in-hospital mortality and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage, adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics and the hospital clustering effect. Of the 18 320 patients receiving tissue plasminogen activator, 601 (3.3%) had an eGFR <45, 625 (3.4%) had an eGFR 45 to 59, 3679 (20.1%) had an eGFR 60 to 89, and 13 415 (73.2%) had an eGFR ≥90. As compared with eGFR ≥90, eGFR values <45 (6.7% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 3.59; 95% CI, 2.18-5.91), 45 to 59 (4.0% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.18-3.38), and 60 to 89 (2.5% versus 0.9%, adjusted odds ratio, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.20-2.34) were independently associated with increased odds of in-hospital mortality. However, there was no statistically significant association between eGFR and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. Conclusions eGFR was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality in acute ischemic stroke patients after treatment with tissue plasminogen activator. eGFR is an important predictor of poststroke short-term death but not of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612272

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Perforated peptic ulcer (PPU) complicates 2 to 10% of patients with peptic ulcer disease and has mortality risk of up to 20%. Omental patch repair is the mainstay of surgical management and gastric resectional procedures are advocated for a large/giant ulcer or suspected malignancy. Emergency gastrectomy is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of omental patch repair with gastrectomy in patients with large PPU (≥ 20 mm). METHODS: A retrospective review of all PPU patients who underwent surgery from January 2008 to December 2014 was done. Patients with PPU < 20 mm were excluded. Patient demographics and perioperative data were recorded. Length of hospital stay, post-operative complications, need for intensive care unit admission and all-cause mortality are reported. RESULTS: 110 patients with a median age of 69.1 (range 28-90) years had PPU ≥ 20 mm. 42 (38.2%) patients presented within 24 h from the onset of abdominal pain. The median American Society of Anaesthesiology score was 3 (range 1-4). 52 patients had omental patch repair and 58 patients had gastrectomy. The overall incidence of intra-abdominal collection, post-operative leakage, re-operation and all-cause mortality was 16.4%, 11.8%, 6.4% and 19.1%, respectively. No difference in post-operative outcomes between the two groups was detected: intra-abdominal collection (p = 0.793), post-operative leakage (p = 0.813), re-operation (p = 0.809) and all-cause mortality (p = 0.736). CONCLUSION: Omental patch repair confers similar perioperative outcomes as compared to gastrectomy in patients with large PPU.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17211, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567974

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of minimally invasive puncture treatment by positioning the simple bedside for spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage.From January 2017 to March 2018, the investigators applied simple bedside positioning to perform the intracranial hematoma minimally invasive surgery for 21 patients with cerebellar hemorrhage.For these 21 patients, the bleeding amount and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score before the operation were 18.5 ±â€Š5.0 cc and 9.5 ±â€Š3.3, respectively; 24 hours after the operation, the GCS score was 11.0 ±â€Š4.6. Five patients died within 7 days of the operation and the head computed tomography (CT) was re-examined. It was found that the average bleeding amount was 3.4 ±â€Š0.9 cc, the operation success rate was 76.2%, and the accurate puncture rate was 100%. Six months later, the Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score was 2.5 ±â€Š2.0. The postoperative recovery was good. The situation shows that patients with favorable outcomes (MRS score 0-2) accounted for 38.1% (8/21), and the fatality rate was 33.3% (7/21).The efficacy of the intracranial hematoma minimally invasive surgery by positioning the simple bedside for spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage with severe brainstem dysfunction is good.


Assuntos
Tronco Encefálico/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cerebelares/cirurgia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Paracentese/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroimagem , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4792, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636263

RESUMO

The treatment of bacterial infections is hindered by the presence of biofilms and metabolically inactive persisters. Here, we report the synthesis of an enantiomeric block co-beta-peptide, poly(amido-D-glucose)-block-poly(beta-L-lysine), with high yield and purity by one-shot one-pot anionic-ring opening (co)polymerization. The co-beta-peptide is bactericidal against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), including replicating, biofilm and persister bacterial cells, and also disperses biofilm biomass. It is active towards community-acquired and hospital-associated MRSA strains which are resistant to multiple drugs including vancomycin and daptomycin. Its antibacterial activity is superior to that of vancomycin in MRSA mouse and human ex vivo skin infection models, with no acute in vivo toxicity in repeated dosing in mice at above therapeutic levels. The copolymer displays bacteria-activated surfactant-like properties, resulting from contact with the bacterial envelope. Our results indicate that this class of non-toxic molecule, effective against different bacterial sub-populations, has promising potential for the treatment of S. aureus infections.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3773-3779, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602952

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to explore the mechanism of Shenxiong Glucose Injection antagonizing apoptosis of H9 c2 cells induced by H_2O_2. H9 c2 cells were pretreated with 1. 7%,3. 4% and 6. 8% Shenxiong Glucose Injection,and then H_2O_2 was introduced to induce apoptosis in vitro. Cell viability was detected by MTS assay,morphological changes of apoptosis were observed by AO/EB fluorescence staining,apoptosis rate was detected by Annexin/PI method,cell expression profile was detected by gene chip technology,the mRNA of PIK3 CA,Bcl-2,Bax,caspase-3 and GAPDH were detected by qRT-PCR,the protein expression levels of PIK3 CA,AKT,P-AKT,Bcl-2,Bax and caspase-3 were detected by Western blot,and the contents of LDH and MDA were detected by kit. The results showed that Shenxiong Glucose Injection of different concentrations significantly increased the viability of H9 c2 cells treated with H_2O_2( P<0. 01),and reversed H_2O_2-induced apoptosis( P< 0. 01). The microarray experiments showed that 138 genes were altered in H9 c2 cells after treatment with Shenxiong Glucose Injection. The differential expression fold of PIK3 CA associated with PI3 K/AKT pathway was 3. 59. The results of qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that Shenxiong Glucose Injection could down-regulate the mRNA and protein expression levels of caspase-3( P<0. 01),up-regulate the mRNA and protein expression level of PIK3 CA and Bcl-2( P<0. 01),and up-regulate the phosphorylation levels of AKT( P<0. 01) in H_2O_2-treated H9 c2 cells. The protective effect of Shenxiong Glucose Injection on H_2O_2 cells injury was significantly inhibited by LY294002,a PI3 K/AKT pathway inhibitor. The results suggested that Shenxiong Glucose Injection may inhibit H_2O_2-induced H9 c2 cells apoptosis by regulating PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cromonas , Glucose , Morfolinas , Ratos
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654443

RESUMO

The aromatic nitrogen atoms of heteroarylaldehydes are activated by carbene catalysts to react with ketone electrophiles. Multi-functionalized cyclic N,O-acetal products are afforded in good to excellent yields and optical purities. Our reaction involves the formation of an unprecedented aza-fulvene-type acylazolium intermediate. A broad range of N-heteroaromatic aldehydes and electron-deficient ketone substrates works effectively in this transformation. Several of the chiral N,O-acetal products afforded through this protocol exhibit excellent antibacterial activities against Ralstonia solanacearum (Rs) and are valuable in the development of novel agrichemicals for plant protection.

20.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 148, 2019 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an important means of communication, exosomes play an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Bioinformatics analysis, dual-luciferase reporter assays, methylation-specific quantitative PCR, and ChIP-PCR analysis were used to gain insight into the underlying mechanism of miR-21 in HCC. RESULTS: The detection of miRNAs in exosomes of HCC showed that miR-21 expression in exosomes was positively correlated with the expression level of miR-21 in cells and negatively correlated with the expression of its target genes PTEN, PTENp1 and TETs. HCC cell-derived exosomes could increase miR-21 and p-Akt expression in HCC cells and downregulate the expression of PTEN, PTENp1 and TETs. MiR-21 inhibitors or PTENp1 overexpression vectors could weaken the effect of the abovementioned exosomes and simultaneously weaken their role in promoting cell proliferation and migration and inhibiting apoptosis. Further studies showed that miR-21 not only directly regulated the expression of PTEN, PTENp1 and TETs but also increased the methylation level of the PTENp1 promoter by regulating the expression of TETs, thereby inhibiting the expression of PTENp1 and further downregulating the expression of PTEN. CONCLUSIONS: Exosomal miR-21 can regulate the expression of the tumor suppressor genes PTEN and PTENp1 in various ways and affect the growth of HCC cells.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA