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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(1): 47-50, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914558

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of modified computed tomography angiography(CTA) in detecting bronchial artery-pulmonary artery fistula(BPF). Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on 246 patients with hemoptysis admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from July 2017 to December 2018, who underwent modified CTA and DSA examination at the same time. CT was performed with Toshiba Aquilion one 320 row 640-slice spiral CT scanner. All modified CTA images were read blindly by two radiologists above the attending doctors. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the modified CTA in diagnosing BPF were calculated with the DSA results as the reference,and the consistency of the two tests was analyzed. Results: DSA detected 186 cases of positive and 60 cases of negative, modified CTA detected 160 cases of positive and 86 cases of negative. The sensitivity,specificity and accuracy of modified CTA for BPF diagnosis was 85.5%(159/186),98.3%(59/60), 88.6%(218/246) respectively, and they were with high consistency with DSA examination results (kappa=0.73,P<0.01). Conclusion: Modified CTA has high diagnostic specificity for BPF,which can be used as the preferred method for non-invasive screening of suspected BPF patients.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Fístula , Artérias Brônquicas , Humanos , Artéria Pulmonar , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29770152

RESUMO

Pityriasis rosea (PR), a skin rash, causes substantial discomfort in patients. There is a lack of effective therapies for PR. A combination of ultraviolet irradiation and indigo naturalis treatment has been shown to be a safe and effective regime for control of PR; however, the data have been largely inconsistent. Tis meta-analysis further evaluated the efficacy and safety of this combination in patients with PR. The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, and Wan Fang databases were searched for relevant RCTs of this combination therapy in patients with PR. A total of eight studies with a combined study population of 688 patients published between January 2006 and March 2016 were eligible for this meta-analysis. The RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. The regimen of compound indigo naturalis plus NB-UVB showed much better control of PR as compared to that achieved with use of compound indigo naturalis or NB-UVB alone in terms of cure rate or effective rate. However, no significant difference was observed between the two with respect to incidence of adverse effects. The analysis was affected by publication bias as revealed by funnel plot analysis. Further studies with large sample sizes are required to confirm our findings.

3.
Acta Virol ; 60(1): 94-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26982473

RESUMO

Rice stripe virus (RSV) protein P3 is a suppressor of RNA silencing in plants. P3 has been shown by biomolecular fluorescence complementation assay to self-interact in planta but the regions responsible for homotypic interaction have not been determined. Here we analyzed the domains for the self-interaction of P3 by using yeast two-hybrid, co-immunoprecipitation and fluorescence experiments. The results showed that P3 was also able to interact with itself in yeast and insect cells. The domain responsible for P3-P3 interaction was mapped to amino acids 15-30 at the N-terminal region of P3. Furthermore, subcellular localization suggested that the homo-oligomerization was the prerequisite for P3 to form larger protein aggregates in the nucleus of insect cell.


Assuntos
Tenuivirus/metabolismo , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Dimerização , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Spodoptera/virologia , Tenuivirus/química , Tenuivirus/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21330187

RESUMO

Ca(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):Ce(3+),Mn(2+) phosphors have been prepared by a conventional solid state reaction under a weak reductive atmosphere. The crystal structure and photoluminescent properties were investigated. It was found that the red emission at 640nm originated from the (4)T(1)((4)G)→(6)A(1)((6)S) transition of Mn(2+) increases dramatically by a factor of 6.4 with the optimum Ce(3+) co-doping. The energy transfer from Ce(3+) to Mn(2+) was proposed to be resonance-type via an electric dipole-dipole mechanism and the energy transfer efficiency was also calculated by the relative emission intensity. With the broadband ultraviolet (UV) absorption of Ce(3+) and the suitable color coordinates, Ca(8)MgLa(PO(4))(7):Ce(3+),Mn(2+) phosphors might be a promising candidate as red phosphors in the field of UV-based white light-emitting diodes.


Assuntos
Cálcio/química , Iluminação/instrumentação , Luminescência , Fosfatos/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Césio/química , Cobre/química , Lantânio/química , Magnésio/química , Manganês/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Análise Espectral , Difração de Raios X
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21212017

RESUMO

Polycrystalline LaBSiO5:Eu3+,R3+ (R=Bi or Sm) phosphors have been synthesized by a facile sol-gel method. The phosphors have been characterized by thermogravimetric analysis/different scanning calorimeter, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometer and fluorescence measurements. It was found that the emission intensity of LaBSiO5:Eu phosphors increases clearly and reaches a maximum at 30 mol% with increasing of Eu3+ concentration. The incorporation of Bi3+ ions and/or Sm3+ ions have greatly enhanced the emission intensity of Eu3+ upon excitation with 391 nm light. The possible sensitization mechanisms of Sm3+ and/or Bi3+ on Eu3+ emission intensity have been investigated and discussed. The high brightness and short luminescence decay times make it promising red-emitting candidates for white light-emitting diodes.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Európio/química , Lantânio/química , Luminescência , Samário/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Análise Espectral , Termodinâmica , Termogravimetria , Difração de Raios X
6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 77(3): 638-42, 2010 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20674474

RESUMO

Polycrystalline Ca(7)Mg(2)P(6)O(24):Eu(2+),Mn(2+) phosphors were prepared by a solid-state reaction under a weak reductive atmosphere. The phosphors have been characterized by X-ray diffraction and fluorescence measurements. The results show that the obtained phosphors are of single-phase rhombohedral Ca(7)Mg(2)P(6)O(24). Upon excitation of 355nm ultraviolet (UV) light, two intense broad bands have clearly been observed due to the allowed 5d-4f transition of Eu(2+) and the forbidden (4)T(1)-(6)A(1) transition of Mn(2+), respectively. A white light has been obtained from Ca(7)Mg(2)P(6)O(24):0.035Eu(2+),0.5Mn(2+) phosphor with CIE chromaticity coordinates of (x=0.32, y=0.29) and color temperature of 6175K. These results suggest that Ca(7)Mg(2)P(6)O(24):Eu(2+),Mn(2+) phosphors could be a promising candidate for UV-converting white light-emitting diodes (LEDs).


Assuntos
Európio/química , Luz , Iluminação/instrumentação , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Manganês/química , Fosfatos/química , Cor , Cristalografia por Raios X , Transferência de Energia , Luminescência , Fosfatos/efeitos da radiação , Fotoquímica , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Temperatura Ambiente , Raios Ultravioleta
7.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 74(3): 758-60, 2009 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19720559

RESUMO

This paper reports on the structural and optical properties of Eu(2+) activated Ba(2)Si(3)O(8) ceramic phosphors synthesized by a sol-gel method. The ceramic phosphors have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and fluorescence measurements. The structural characterization results suggest that the as-prepared phosphors are of single phase monoclinic Ba(2)Si(3)O(8) with rod-like morphology. A broad excitation band ranging from 300 to 410 nm matches well with the ultraviolet (UV) radiation of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Upon 380 nm UV light excitation, these phosphors emit bluish-green emission centered at 500 nm with color coordination (x=0.25, y=0.40). All the obtained results indicate that the Ba(2)Si(3)O(8):Eu(2+) ceramic phosphors are promising bluish-green candidates for the phosphor-converted white LEDs.


Assuntos
Bário/química , Cerâmica/química , Európio/química , Fósforo/química , Silicatos/química , Luz , Luminescência , Estrutura Molecular , Transição de Fase , Fotoquímica , Difração de Raios X
8.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 74(2): 498-501, 2009 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19615932

RESUMO

Y(4)MgSi(3)O(13):Bi(3+), Eu(3+) nanophosphors have been prepared by a facile sol-gel method. The products have been characterized by X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence measurements. The results show that the nanophosphors are of single phase hexagonal Y(4)MgSi(3)O(13) with size-distribution of 50-90 nm in diameter. White-light emission has been obtained from Bi(3+) and Eu(3+) co-doped Y(4)MgSi(3)O(13) nanophosphors upon excitation of 350 nm ultraviolet light. It is noted that Bi(3+) ions can occupy two different Y(3+) sites and generate different emissions from the (3)p(1) --> (1)s(0) transition. Warm white light has been obtained from Y(4)MgSi(3)O(13):Bi(3+), Eu(3+) nanophosphors according to Commission International de I'Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates and color temperature (T(c)) with appropriately adjusted contents of Bi(3+) and Eu(3+). The results indicate that Y(4)MgSi(3)O(13):0.08Bi(3+), 0.04Eu(3+) (x = 0.31, y = 0.31, T(c) = 6907 K) are potential nanophosphors for white light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applications.


Assuntos
Bismuto/química , Európio/química , Luz , Nanoestruturas/química , Silicatos/química , Fluorescência , Iluminação/métodos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Transição de Fase , Difração de Raios X
9.
Sheng Li Ke Xue Jin Zhan ; 32(3): 229-32, 2001 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12545795

RESUMO

Some new type of two-hybrid systems, such as split-ubiquitin system, protein-fragment complementation assay, repressor reconstitution assay and SOS recruitment system, have been developed recently. Similar to the original transcription-based yeast two-hybrid system, these systems are to establish an assay for protein-protein interactions, in which some functional proteins can be split into two parts in structure and their activities can be recovered by reconstitution. Due to their non-transcriptional properties, these new types of two-hybrid systems have become useful extension of the yeast two-hybrid system and powerful tools for the study of protein interactions.


Assuntos
Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão
10.
Protein Eng ; 10(10): 1101-7, 1997 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9488135

RESUMO

Crystal structures have been determined of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and its R31D mutant that preferentially binds to TNF receptor R1 with more than seven times the relative affinity of binding to receptor R2. Crystals of the wild-type TNF were of space group P4(1)2(1)2 and had unit cell dimensions of a = b = 94.7 and c = 117.4 A. Refinement of the structure gave an R-factor of 22.3% at 2.5 A resolution. The crystals of TNF R31D mutant diffracted to 2.3 A resolution, and were of identical space group to the wild type with unit cell dimensions of a = b = 95.4 and c = 116.2 A, and the structure was refined to an R-factor of 21.8%. The trimer structures of the wild-type and mutant TNF were similar with a root mean square (r.m.s.) deviation of 0.56 A for Calpha atoms; however, the subunits within each trimer were more variable with an average r.m.s. deviation of 1.00 A on Calpha atoms for pairwise comparison of subunits. Model complexes of TNF with receptors R1 and R2 have been used to predict TNF-receptor interactions. Arg31 in all three subunits of wild-type TNF is predicted to form an ionic interaction with the equivalent glutamic acid in both receptors R1 and R2. Asp31 of the TNF R31D mutant is predicted to interact differently with the two receptors. The side chain of Asp31 in two subunits of the TNF mutant is predicted to form hydrogen bond interactions with Ser59 or Cys70 of R1, while it has no predicted interactions with R2. The loss of three strong ionic interactions of Arg31 and the electrostatic repulsion of Asp31 with Glu in the receptors is consistent with the reduced binding of the R31D mutant to both receptors relative to wild-type TNF. The replacement of these ionic interactions by two weaker hydrogen bond interactions between Asp31 of the R31D mutant and R1, compared with no interactions with R2, is in agreement with the observed preferential binding of the R31D mutant to R1 over R2. Analysis of the structure and function of receptor-discriminating mutants of TNF will help understand the biological role of TNF and facilitate its use as an antitumor agent.


Assuntos
Mutação Puntual/genética , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Sítios de Ligação , Ligação Competitiva , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/classificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/química , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
11.
Protein Eng ; 8(12): 1233-41, 1995 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-8869635

RESUMO

The biological activities of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are mediated by two different receptors, TNFR1 and TNFR2. To analyze the receptor binding site(s) of TNF-alpha, molecular models have been built of the complexes of TNF-alpha with the extracellular regions of receptors R1 and R2, based on the known crystal structures of TNF-alpha and lymphotoxin bound to R1. The model structure of R2 from residues 18-160 was built by analogy to the crystal structure of R1 in complex with lymphotoxin. The amino acid sequences of R1 and R2 show 27.5% identity over this region and were aligned with five insertions and three deletions. There are 18 conserved cysteines that form disulfides. R2 has lost one pair of cysteines compared with R1, but two new cysteines were modeled as forming a new disulfide bond. Both symmetric and asymmetric trimers of TNF-alpha were used to model the complexes with TNFR1 and R2. An analysis of differences in the model complexes showed good agreement with data on the differential binding of TNF mutants to its two receptors.


Assuntos
Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dissulfetos/química , Humanos , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Linfotoxina-alfa/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida/genética , Conformação Proteica , Receptores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/química , Alinhamento de Sequência
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