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1.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 47, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111254

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair involving branches of the aorta is still difficult in clinical treatment. A new type of blood flow regulator has been used in thoracic endovascular aortic repair/endovascular aortic repair in our centre, and the effects were followed and analysed. METHODS: From March 2014 to January 2015, 14 patients with Stanford type B aortic dissection or penetrating ulcers and aortic arch pseudoaneurysms were consecutively enrolled. All patients were evaluated and underwent endovascular repair. The average age of these patients was 59 ± 14 years (34-76 years old, median 62 years), and there were 12 males and 2 females. The blood flow regulator was a self-expanding membrane-supported artificial blood vessel. The film was made from polyester that was formed into a mesh 1 mm2 in size. The metal stent used was made of nickel-titanium alloy. RESULTS: The success rate for the technique was 100%. All patients underwent postoperative aortic CTA and had type III endoleak. There were no deaths and no instances of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), hemiplegia, paraplegia or other central nervous system complications, and there were no left upper limb ischaemia symptoms in the group. The average follow-up time was 14.7 ± 3.6 months. One patient died of sudden death 4 months after the operation. One patient died due to abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture, and the other 12 patients survived. The survival rate was 86%. The blood flow regulator covered a total of 19 branch vessels (the intercostal artery was not counted), of which 18 experienced smooth blood flow. One patient continued to have a type III endoleak after the operation, and the endoleak disappeared after endovascular repair. CONCLUSIONS: This clinical case series of 14 patients with percutaneous transluminal stents indicates that the blood flow regulator is safe and feasible in TEVAR surgery, providing a promising new technology.

2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1461, 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193372

RESUMO

Polymer crosslinking imbues chemical stability to thin films at the expense of lower molecular transportation rates. Here in this work we deployed molecular dynamics simulations to optimise the selection of crosslinking compounds that overcome this trade-off relationship. We validated these simulations using a series of experiments and exploited this finding to underpin the development of a pervaporation (PV) desalination thin-film composite membrane with water fluxes reaching 234.9 ± 8.1 kg m-2 h-1 and salt rejection of 99.7 ± 0.2 %, outperforming existing membranes for pervaporation and membrane distillation. Key to achieving this state-of-the-art desalination performance is the spray coating of 0.73 µm thick crosslinked dense, hydrophilic polymers on to electrospun nanofiber mats. The desalination performances of our polymer nanocomposites are harnessed here in this work to produce freshwater from brackish water, seawater and brine solutions, addressing the key environmental issue of freshwater scarcity.

3.
iScience ; 23(3): 100968, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199293

RESUMO

R-loops, three-stranded DNA-DNA:RNA hybrid structures, are best known for their deleterious effects on genome stability. The regulatory factors of this fundamental genetic structure remain unclear. Here, we reveal an epigenetic factor that controls R-loop stability. METTL8, a member of the methyltransferase-like protein family that methylates 3-methylcytidine (m3C), is a key factor in the R-loop regulating methyltransferase complex. Biochemical studies show that METTL8 forms a large SUMOylated nuclear RNA-binding protein complex (∼0.8 mega daltons) that contains well-reported R-loop related factors. Genetic ablation of METTL8 results in an overall reduction of R-loops in cells. Interaction assays indicated METTL8 binds to RNAs and is responsible for R-loop stability on selected gene regions. Our results demonstrate that the SUMOylated METTL8 promotes tumorigenesis by affecting genetic organization primarily in, or in close proximity to, the nucleolus and impacts the formation of regulatory R-loops through its methyltransferase activity on m3C.

4.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amphenicols have been widely used in the pig industry in China, leading to varying degrees of drug resistance. METHODS: The systematic review was performed according to PRISMA (Preferred Reported Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) recommendations on studies investigating the prevalence of amphenicol-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from pig in mainland China from 2000 to 2018, a random-effects model was selected, then followed by meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 103 articles were included in the study. The results of the meta-analysis revealed that the pooled summarized prevalence of resistance to chloramphenicol (CAP) was 72.31% (95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 67.12%-77.23%) and to florfenicol (FF) was 58.64% (95% CI = 52.48%-64.67%). During the past 18 years, the resistance rate to CAP remained high initially but then declined rapidly after 2012, whereas the resistance rate to FF plateaued (54.13%-59.60%) from 2000-2018. In different parts of China, the rate of resistance to amphenicols among E. coli isolates was fairly consistent, with the exception of the north and northwest regions. CONCLUSIONS: In 2002, the veterinary use of CAP was prohibited and its resistance levels in E. coli isolated from pigs was initially maintained at a high level but then showed an obvious downward trend in recent years. Resistance to commonly used FF remained at a high but stable level.

5.
Microb Drug Resist ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013730

RESUMO

Background: Septicemia in children in mainland China has recently become a public health concern. Methods: A meta-analysis was performed on studies investigating the prevalence of cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from children with septicemia in mainland China from 2007 to 2017 following a search of relevant databases. Results: A total of 43 articles reporting 11 cephalosporins were included in the review. The results of the meta-analysis revealed that for the first-generation cephalosporins, the pooled summarized prevalence of resistance to cefazolin was 74.96% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 64.79-83.91) and cephalothin resistance was 62.28% (95% CI: 36.45-100). Regarding the second-generation cephalosporins, cefoxitin-resistant E. coli comprised 23.85% (95% CI: 10.60-40.40) and cefuroxime resistance was 60.32% (95% CI: 51.25-68.73). For the third-generation cephalosporins, the pooled summarized prevalence of resistance was 51.34% for cefotaxime (95% CI: 40.08-62.54), 40.43% for ceftazidime (95% CI: 31.07-50.15), 45.51% for cefoperazone (95% CI: 20.41-70.61), 12.10% for cefoperazone/sulbactam (95% CI: 6.55-18.76), 62.99% for ceftriaxone (95% CI: 55.00-70.98), and 0% for cefotetan. Among the fourth-generation cephalosporins, resistance to cefepime was 34.08% (95% CI: 25.91-43.31). Conclusions: Most third-generation cephalosporins (e.g., cefotaxime and ceftriaxone) retained high resistance rates throughout the 11-year study period without significant changes. The new fourth-generation cephalosporin, cefepime, is rapidly gaining resistance. Interestingly, ceftazidime, cefepime, and cefoperazone/sulbactam showed a recent decreasing trend of drug resistance. These situations may present a risk for treating children with septicemia and should be closely monitored and treated.

6.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 51(2): 554-562, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31206873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease in which cerebral structural impairment is a consistent feature. PURPOSE: To investigate cerebral microstructural changes in ALS using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) for the first time. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. SUBJECTS: Eighteen ALS patients and 20 healthy controls. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: DKI images were obtained by a spin-echo echo-planar imaging sequence on a 3T MRI scanner, with three b-values (0, 1000, and 2000 s/mm2 ) and 64 diffusion encoding directions. ASSESSMENT: The revised ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R) was administered to assess disease severity, and the symptom duration and disease progression rate were also recorded. Voxel-based analysis was applied to examine the alteration of DKI metrics (ie, mean kurtosis metrics [MK], axial kurtosis [AK], and radial kurtosis [RK]) and the conventional diffusion metrics (ie, fractional anisotropy, mean diffusivity, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity). STATISTICAL TESTS: Student's t-test, chi-square test, and Pearson correlation analysis. RESULTS: ALS patients showed MK reductions in gray matter areas, including the bilateral precentral gyrus, bilateral paracentral lobule, and left anterior cingulate gyrus; they also showed decreased MK values in white matter (WM) in the bilateral precentral gyrus, bilateral corona radiata, bilateral middle corpus callosum, left occipital lobe, and right superior parietal lobule. The spatial distribution of the regions with reduced RK was similar to those with decreased MK. No significant AK difference was found between groups. The correlation analysis revealed significant associations between DKI metrics and clinical assessments such as ALSFRS-R score and disease duration. Additionally, several WM regions showed between-group differences in conventional diffusion metrics; but the spatial extent was smaller than that with reduced DKI metrics. DATA CONCLUSION: The reduction in DKI metrics indicates decreased microstructural complexity in ALS, involving both motor-related areas and extramotor regions. DKI metrics can serve as potential biomarkers for assessing disease severity. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 Technical Efficacy: Stage 3 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2020;51:554-562.

7.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 32(5): 309-330, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578870

RESUMO

Significance: Mitochondria undergo constant morphological changes through fusion, fission, and mitophagy. As the key organelle in cells, mitochondria are responsible for numerous essential cellular functions such as metabolism, regulation of calcium (Ca2+), generation of reactive oxygen species, and initiation of apoptosis. Unsurprisingly, mitochondrial dysfunctions underlie many pathologies including cancer. Recent Advances: Currently, the gold standard for cancer treatment is chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. However, the efficacy of these treatments varies across different cancer cells. It has been suggested that mitochondria may be at the center of these diverse responses. In the past decade, significant advances have been made in understanding distinct types of mitochondrial dysfunctions in cancer. Through investigations of underlying mechanisms, more effective treatment options are developed. Critical Issues: We summarize various mitochondria dysfunctions in cancer progression that have led to the development of therapeutic options. Current mitochondrial-targeted therapies and challenges are discussed. Future Directions: To address the "root" of cancer, utilization of mitochondrial-targeted therapy to target cancer stem cells may be valuable. Investigation of other areas such as mitochondrial trafficking may offer new insights into cancer therapy. Moreover, common antibiotics could be explored as mitocans, and synthetic lethality screens can be utilized to overcome the plasticity of cancer cells.

8.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 10(1): 13-21, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786736

RESUMO

Eight new triterpenoids were isolated from Ainsliaea latifolia. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by interpretation of spectroscopic data, including HRESIMS and NMR data. Compounds 4-6 are identified as rare trinorcucurbitane or tetranorcucurbitane triterpenoids. The absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 2 were confirmed by Snatzke's method. All compounds were evaluated for their inhibition against cyclooxyenase-2 (COX-2), in which compound 4 showed significant inhibitory effect against COX-2 with IC50 value of 3.98 ± 0.32 µM, comparable to that of positive control NS-398 (IC50 4.14 ± 0.28 µM).

9.
Cureus ; 11(10): e6023, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824791

RESUMO

Backgrounds The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of unilateral single injection thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) with and without the addition of betamethasone for the acute pain management of patient's undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Methods Eligible patients were allocated randomly to three groups: (A) general anesthesia followed by surgeon infiltration at port sites with ropivacaine (n = 48), (B) general anesthesia after single injection TPVB at right T7-8 level with ropivacaine only, Ropi_TPVB (n = 43), and (C) general anesthesia after single injection TPVB with ropivacaine plus betamethasone, Ropi_Betamet_TPVB (n = 45). Primary outcome was TPVB duration assessed by the number of dermatomes at regular intervals up to 72 hours (h). Secondary outcomes included pain scores, analgesics consumption, and perioperative functional outcomes. Results The addition of betamethasone to ropivacaine in TPVB resulted in similar onset but significantly slower block regression between 4 h and 72 h as compared to ropivacaine alone (P < 0.001). When compared to the surgeon infiltration group, Ropi_TPVB and Ropi_Betamet_TPVB group had significantly lower pain scores for 24 h and 48 h, respectively, P ≤ 0.001. Both TPVB groups had less frequency of analgesics administration for 72 h, P < 0.001, and earlier mobilization, P < 0.001. Conclusions The addition of betamethasone to TPVB significantly prolonged block duration as compared to local anesthetic alone. TPVB both with and without the addition of betamethasone resulted in better perioperative analgesia and improved functional status when compared to surgical site local anesthetic infiltration.

10.
Res Vet Sci ; 127: 82-90, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678457

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida possesses a polysaccharide capsule composed of a viscous surface layer that acts as a critical structural component and virulence factor. Capsular polysaccharides are structurally similar to vertebrate glycosaminoglycans, providing an immunological mechanism for bacterial molecular mimicry, resistance to phagocytosis, and immune evasion during the infection process. In recent years, a series of important research advances have been made in understanding the biosynthesis and regulatory aspects of the P. multocida capsule. This review systematically examines the serogroups, polysaccharide composition and structures, biosynthetic loci and functions, biosynthesis pathways, and expression regulation mechanisms of the P. multocida capsule, supplying a theoretical basis for the molecular pathogenesis of the P. multocida capsule and the future development of capsular polysaccharide vaccines.


Assuntos
Cápsulas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Vacinas Bacterianas/química , Pasteurella multocida/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos/biossíntese , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Pasteurella multocida/patogenicidade , Sorogrupo
11.
Sci Transl Med ; 11(518)2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723038

RESUMO

The gut microbiota evolves as the host ages, yet the effects of these microbial changes on host physiology and energy homeostasis are poorly understood. To investigate these potential effects, we transplanted the gut microbiota of old or young mice into young germ-free recipient mice. Both groups showed similar weight gain and skeletal muscle mass, but germ-free mice receiving a gut microbiota transplant from old donor mice unexpectedly showed increased neurogenesis in the hippocampus of the brain and increased intestinal growth. Metagenomic analysis revealed age-sensitive enrichment in butyrate-producing microbes in young germ-free mice transplanted with the gut microbiota of old donor mice. The higher concentration of gut microbiota-derived butyrate in these young transplanted mice was associated with an increase in the pleiotropic and prolongevity hormone fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). An increase in FGF21 correlated with increased AMPK and SIRT-1 activation and reduced mTOR signaling. Young germ-free mice treated with exogenous sodium butyrate recapitulated the prolongevity phenotype observed in young germ-free mice receiving a gut microbiota transplant from old donor mice. These results suggest that gut microbiota transplants from aged hosts conferred beneficial effects in responsive young recipients.

12.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(11)2019 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717828

RESUMO

With Cu2+ complexes as precursors, nano-cuprous oxide was prepared on a sodium alginate template excluded of Cl- and based on which the calcium alginate/nano-cuprous oxide hybrid materials were prepared by a Ca2+ crosslinking and freeze-drying process. The thermal degradation and combustion behavior of the materials were studied by related characterization techniques using pure calcium alginate as a comparison. The results show that the weight loss rate, heat release rate, peak heat release rate, total heat release rate and specific extinction area of the hybrid materials were remarkably lower than pure calcium alginate, and the flame-retardant performance was significantly improved. The experimental data indicates that nano-cuprous oxide formed a dense protective layer of copper oxide, calcium carbonate and carbon by lowering the initial degradation temperature of the polysaccharide chain during thermal degradation and catalytically dehydrating to char in the combustion process, and thereby can isolate combustible gases, increase carbon residual rates, and notably reduce heat release and smoke evacuation.

13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(49): 19487-19497, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735023

RESUMO

Carbon dioxide (CO2) and sulfides in gasoline are the main causes of air pollution. Considerable attention has been devoted to solving the problems, and the catalytic reaction seems to be a good choice. Owing to the high density of Lewis acid (LA) active sites and large numbers of open methoxide groups, polyoxovanadates (POVs) are an undisputed option as a heterogeneous catalyst for the CO2 cycloaddition reaction and catalytic oxidation of sulfides. On the basis of the above, a series of V8 clusters, [(C2N2H8)4(CH3O)8VIV8O12]·CH3OH (V8-1a), [(C2N2H8)4(CH3O)4VIV4VV4O16]·4CH3OH (V8-1), [(C3N2H10)4(CH3O)4VIV4VV4O16]·5H2O (V8-2), [(C6N2H14)4(CH3O)4VIV4VV4O16]·5CH3OH·2H2O (V8-3), have been legitimately designed and triumphantly isolated. In the synthesis process, three different kinds of Lewis bases (LBs), ethanediamine, 1,2-diaminopropane, and 1,2-cyclohexanediamine, were used to modify LA {V8} clusters to form four diverting windmill-shaped configuration. Among them, the vanadium atoms in V8-1a are +4 valence of VIV, while the vanadium atoms in V8-1-3 are mixed valence states of VIV and VV. Magnetic property investigation indicates that the antiferromagnetic coupling interactions between VIV ions all exist in the four compounds. The compound V8-1 also demonstrated high catalytic activity in the cycloaddition of CO2 to several epoxides under relatively mild conditions (70 °C, 0.5 MPa). More importantly, the reaction pressure 0.5 MPa is the lowest among the high nuclear polyoxometallates (POMs). Furthermore, V8-1 also has an excellent catalytic conversion for the oxidation of sulfides. The catalytic tests manifested that V8-1 was a very efficient difunctional heterogeneous catalyst for CO2 cycloaddition reaction and catalytic oxidation of sulfides.

14.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 9013169, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583048

RESUMO

Aim: Resveratrol is a natural plant polyphenol. The present study investigated the effects of resveratrol on the Toll-like receptor 4- (TLR4-) mediated expression and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in oxidized low-density lipoprotein- (ox-LDL-) treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods: Protein expression was analyzed by immunoblotting. The secretion of MMPs was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The animal experiments were performed with and without resveratrol treatment in high-fat chow-fed mice. Results: Resveratrol inhibited the expression of TLR4, MMP3, and MMP9 in ox-LDL- and lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) treated HUVECs. Resveratrol reduced the secretion of MMP3 and MMP9 that was induced by ox-LDL and LPS. The TLR4 inhibitor CLI-095 similarly suppressed the expression and secretion of MMP3 and MMP9 in ox-LDL- and LPS-treated HUVECs. Resveratrol attenuated the phosphorylation of the transcription factors nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) that was induced by ox-LDL and LPS. Resveratrol recovered Sirt1 expression. In the animal experiments, resveratrol decreased TLR4 expression in the aorta, MMP9 levels in plasma, and vascular structural changes in high-fat chow-fed mice, with no significant effect on plasma MMP3 levels. Conclusion: Resveratrol inhibited the TLR4-mediated expression and secretion of MMP3 and MMP9 in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. The mechanism of action of resveratrol may be associated with the suppression of NF-κB and STAT3 phosphorylation and restoration of Sirt1 expression. Resveratrol exerts protective effects against vascular structural changes in high-fat chow-fed mice.

15.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(5): 1943-1951, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573046

RESUMO

S­allyl­cysteine sulfoxide (alliin) is the main organosulfur component of garlic and its preparations. The present study aimed to examine the protective effect of alliin on cardiac function and the underlying mechanism in a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI). Notably, alliin treatment preserved heart function, attenuated the area of infarction in the myocardium of mice and reduced lesions in the myocardium, including cardiomyocyte fibrosis and death. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that alliin inhibited necroptosis but promoted autophagy in vitro and in vivo. Cell viability assays showed that alliin dose­dependently reduced the necroptotic index and inhibited the expression of necroptosis­related receptor­interacting protein 1, receptor­interacting protein 3 and tumor necrosis factor receptor­associated factor 2, whereas the levels of Beclin 1 and microtubule­associated protein 1 light chain 3, which are associated with autophagy, exhibited an opposite trend upon treatment with alliin. In addition, the level of peroxisome proliferator­activated receptor γ was increased by alliin. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that alliin has the potential to protect cardiomyocytes from necroptosis following MI and that this protective effect occurs via the enhancement of autophagy.

16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(9): 3245-3251, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529900

RESUMO

Biochar, with high degree of carbon stability, is considered as a kind of carbon sequestration material that can effectively alleviate the greenhouse effect. It is of great significance for carbon sequestration and mitigation to develop biochar with high carbon retention and stability. Mineral modification can regulate the stability of biochar. However, the relevant research has not received enough attention, and the underlying mechanism is not very clear. Firstly, the evaluation indices of biochar stability were summarized, mainly including H/C atomic ratio, O/C atomic ratio, coefficient of stability R50, volatile-matter content, thermal weight loss rate of carbon, carbon (chemical) oxidation loss rate, and cumulative CO2 emission of microbial mineralization. Then, based on the analysis of impact factors of biochar stability (such as raw material type, carbonization condition, external environment, etc.), we reviewed research progress about the effects of mineral modification on biochar stability. Furthermore, possible mechanisms of both enhancement and weakening effects on biochar stability were put forward. Enhancement is mainly due to the effects of physical barrier of minerals and the organic mineral complex formed by the interaction of mineral and biochar. While weakening effect is mainly due to special mineral composition, such as the Fe-bearing mineral composition, which promotes the thermal decomposition of biochar at high temperature. Finally, future research directions were proposed, in order to promote the development of carbon sequestration technology of biochar and provide technical support and theoretical basis for obtaining more stable biochar.


Assuntos
Carvão Vegetal/química , Minerais/química , Solo , Sequestro de Carbono
17.
Chemistry ; 25(66): 15198-15204, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549755

RESUMO

Polytheonamide B (1) is a linear 48-mer natural peptide with alternating d- and l-amino acid residues. Compound 1 forms conducting channels for monovalent ions and exhibits potent cytotoxicity against MCF-7 cells. Previously, we reported that nanomolar concentrations of 1 induce plasma membrane depolarization and lysosomal pH disruption, which triggers apoptosis. Here, we report the cellular localization and biological action of a simplified synthetic analogue of 1, polytheonamide mimic 3. Compared with 1, the toxicity of 3 against MCF-7 cells is 16 times weaker. Although its plasma membrane depolarization effect is only 3.6 times lower, more 3 (20-fold) is required to neutralize lysosomal pH. Thus, the effective concentrations for lysosomal neutralization and cytotoxicity by 3 are comparable. These results strongly suggest that the activity of 3 against the lysosomal membrane is more important for apoptotic cell death than its effects on the plasma membrane, and provide valuable information regarding the unique behavior of polytheonamide-based molecules.


Assuntos
Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/química , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/farmacologia , Células MCF-7 , Potenciais da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
18.
J Am Acad Dermatol ; 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The yield of skin biopsies in the evaluation of intravascular lymphoma (IVL) is largely unknown in Western patients. Most data supporting this test come from Asian populations, in which both prevalence and disease presentation seem to differ. OBJECTIVE: To determine the yield and diagnostic properties of skin biopsy in the evaluation of IVL. METHODS: We reviewed skin biopsy pathology reports of 50 patients being evaluated for IVL to calculate the diagnostic yield of this test. An additional 6 patients, who had skin biopsies performed after the diagnosis of IVL was made by other means, were included to calculate the sensitivity and specificity of our index test. RESULTS: Five of the 50 patients being investigated for IVL had positive skin biopsies. Sensitivity and specificity were 50% and 100%, respectively. LIMITATIONS: Only pathology reports containing IVL as an indication for the biopsy were retrieved. This might have excluded patients in whom the disease was considered but was not deemed likely enough to be listed as the indication for the test, inflating our estimative of skin biopsy yield. CONCLUSION: A relatively high diagnostic yield was found in the evaluation of IVL among patients with a diverse presentation in a Western hospital.

19.
J Neurol Sci ; 405: 116438, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484082

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess microstructural alterations in white matter (WM) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). METHODS: DTI data were collected from 34 subjects (18 patients with ALS and 16 healthy controls). The atlas-based region of interest (ROI) analysis was conducted to assess WM microstructure in ALS by combining intra-voxel metrics, which included fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD), and an inter-voxel metric, i.e., local diffusion homogeneity (LDH). Correlation analysis of diffusion values and clinical factors was also performed. RESULTS: ALS group showed a significant FA reduction in bilateral corticospinal tract (CST) as well as right uncinate fasciculus (RUF). The areas with higher MD were situated in right corticospinal tract (RCST), left cingulum hippocampus (LCH), RUF, and right superior longitudinal fasciculus (RSLF). Additionally, ALS patients showed decreased LDH in bilateral anterior thalamic radiation (ATR), bilateral CST and left inferior frontal-occipital fasciculus (LIFOF). Significant correlations were observed between ALSFRS-R (revised ALS Functional Rating Scale) scores or progression rate and FA in bilateral CST, as well as between disease duration and LDH in right CST. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis revealed the feasibility of employing diffusion metrics along the CST to distinguish two groups (AUC = 0.792-0.868, p < .005 for all). CONCLUSIONS: WM microstructural alteration is a common pathology in ALS, which can be detected by both intra- and inter-voxel diffusion metrics. The extent of abnormalities in several WM tracts such as ATR and LIFOF may be better assessed through the inter-voxel diffusion measurement.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(19): 13058-13065, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532643

RESUMO

A three-dimensional polymolybdate-based metal-organic framework (POMOF) consisting of Zn-ε-Keggin unit and organic linker, {[PMo8VMo4VIO37(OH)3Zn4][BPE]2}·[BPE] (1), was successfully obtained by the hydrothermal method. Compound 1 is composed of Zn-ε-Keggin units and BPE ligands, featuring a fascinating 5-fold interpenetrating framework with dia topology. The catalytic performance of compound 1 was investigated, and experiments showed that 1 could effectively facilitate the cycloaddition reaction of CO2 with epoxides as Lewis acid heterogeneous catalyst. Moreover, compound 1 also was studied as LIBs anode material, and it showed reversible capacity of 546 mA h g-1 at 100th cycle.

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