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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 154: 981-988, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171838

RESUMO

As a natural fluorescent material, the fluorescent property and mechanism of lignin were elusive until now, which hindered the high value application of lignin fluorescence. Herein, we firstly probed the previous studies on lignin fluorescence and the results indicated that lignin microstructure was an important factor for its complex fluorescence property because of fluorophore interaction and aggregation behavior. Following the rules, lignin fluorescence was explored by analyzing its aggregation fluorescence behaviors and basic fluorescence properties based on the theory of traditional conjugated luminescence and aggregation-induced emission. It was demonstrated that intermicellar aggregation of loose lignin micelle made no substantial effect on lignin fluorescence, while intramicellar aggregation could induce the enhancement of lignin fluorescence before the micellar compactness exceeded a critical value. Combined with the physicochemical structures and fluorescence properties of lignin, aggregation-induced conjugation from phenylpropane units was believed as the main sources of the visible emission of lignin and different phenylpropane aggregates consequently formed the multi-fluorophore system in lignin micelle. Furthermore, lignin aggregation fluorescence behavior has great potential in its microstructure analysis and a case study of pH/ionic strength-induced solution behavior analysis was presented. This work provided a totally new prospective for lignin fluorescence.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(4): 1044-1051, 2019 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624925

RESUMO

Lignin is a kind of natural fluorescent polymer material. However, the application based on the fluorescent property of lignin was rarely reported. Herein, a noncovalent lignin-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) system was readily constructed by physical blending method with spirolactam rhodamine B (SRhB) and lignosulfonate (LS) as the acceptor and donor groups, respectively. The FRET behavior, self-assembly, and energy transfer mechanism of SRhB/LS composite were systematically studied. It was demonstrated that LS could be used as a convenient aptamer as energy donor to construct water-soluble ratiometric sensors because of its inherent property of intramicelle energy transfer cascades. Our results not only present a facile and general strategy for producing lignin-based functional material but also provide a fundamental understanding about lignin fluorescence to promote the functional and high-valued applications of lignin fluorescence characteristic.


Assuntos
Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/instrumentação , Lignina/análogos & derivados , Fluorescência , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lignina/química , Rodaminas/química
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 64(51): 9592-9600, 2016 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27966919

RESUMO

A water-soluble, ratiometric fluorescent pH probe, L-SRhB, was synthesized via grafting spirolactam Rhodamine B (SRhB) to lignosulfonate (LS). As the ring-opening product of L-SRhB, FL-SRhB was also prepared. The pH-response experiment indicated that L-SRhB showed a rapid response to pH changes from 4.60 to 6.20 with a pKa of 5.35, which indicated that L-SRhB has the potential for pH detection of acidic organelle. In addition, the two probes were internalized successfully by living cells through the endocytosis pathway and could distinguish normal cells from cancer cells by different cell staining rates. In addition, L-SRhB showed obvious cytotoxicity to cancer cells, whereas it was nontoxic to normal cells in the same condition. L-SRhB might have potential in cancer therapy. L-SRhB might be a promising ratiometric fluorescent pH sensor and bioimaging dye for the recognition of cancer cells. The results also provided a new perspective to the high-value utilization of lignin.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Lignina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Rodaminas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lignina/química
4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(48): 26405-13, 2015 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26422296

RESUMO

We present an investigation of deep-blue fluorescent polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) with a novel functional 1,3,5-triazine core material (HQTZ) sandwiched between poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonic acid) layer and poly(vinylcarbazole) layer as a hole injection layer (HIL) without interface intermixing. Ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy and Kelvin probe measurements were carried out to determine the change of anode work function influenced by the HQTZ modifier. The thin HQTZ layer can efficiently maximize the charge injection from anode to blue emitter and simultaneously enhance the hole mobility of HILs. The deep-blue device performance is remarkably improved with the maximum luminous efficiency of 4.50 cd/A enhanced by 80% and the maximum quantum efficiency of 4.93%, which is 1.8-fold higher than that of the conventional device without HQTZ layer, including a lower turn-on voltage of 3.7 V and comparable Commission Internationale de L'Eclairage coordinates of (0.16, 0.09). It is the highest efficiency ever reported to date for solution-processed deep-blue PLEDs based on the device structure of ITO/HILs/poly(9,9-dialkoxyphenyl-2,7-silafluorene)/CsF/AL. The results indicate that HQTZ based on 1,3,5-triazine core can be a promising candidate of interfacial materials for deep-blue fluorescent PLEDs.

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