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1.
Rev Salud Publica (Bogota) ; 21(1): 9-16, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe strategies for malaria elimination based on the perception of Afro-Colombian residents in Guapi, in the context of the Integrated Management Strategy for the Promotion, Prevention and Control of Vector-Borne Diseases in Colombia (EGI-ETV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative study based on focus group discourse analysis. Eight participants from the urban area of Guapi were divided into two groups. The first group included three female nursing assistants, and was called "women with more experience"; they were workers in the current health system and former Malaria Eradication Service officers. The second group was made up of female nursing assistants, and was called "women with limited experience"; they were workers in the current health system and were not directly trained in the malaria program. An inductive and interpretative analysis was performed. RESULTS: Eight subcategories emerged, framed in the EGI-EVT, making emphasis on promotion and prevention aimed at reducing malaria, especially in rural areas. This problem must be addressed comprehensively, including other health issues and social determinants that affect them, such as: basic sanitation, access to health services, lack of education, use of popular treatments, and lack of infrastructure, among others. CONCLUSION: Participants consider that malaria in Guapi can be reduced but not eliminated. This problem needs to be addressed from an institutional and community perspective, taking into account cultural differences, based on strategies that include community empowerment and administrative and institutional strengthening of the program.

2.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(1): 9-16, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058859

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivo Describir las estrategias para la eliminación de la malaria a partir de la percepción de pobladores afro-colombianos residentes en Guapi en el contexto de la Estrategia de Gestión Integrada para la promoción, prevención y control de las Enfermedades Transmitidas por Vectores en Colombia (EGI). Métodos Estudio de tipo cualitativo basado en el análisis de discurso de grupos focales. Ocho participantes residentes en zona urbana de Guapi, divididas en dos grupos: el primero correspondió a tres mujeres auxiliares de enfermería, denominadas "mujeres con mayor experiencia", trabajadoras en el actual sistema de salud y funcionarias del antiguo Servicio de Erradicación de la Malaria. El segundo correspondió a cinco mujeres auxiliares de enfermería, denominadas "mujeres con limitada experiencia", trabajadoras en el actual sistema de salud y no tuvieron formación directa con el programa de malaria. Análisis inductivo e interpretativo. Resultados Emergieron ocho subcategorias enmarcadas en la EGI, con énfasis en la promoción y prevención orientadas a disminuir la malaria, especialmente en el área rural. El abordaje del problema debe hacerse de forma integral incluyendo otras problemáticas en salud y determinantes sociales que los afectan como: saneamiento básico, acceso al servicio de salud, falta de educación, uso de tratamientos populares, fragilidad de infraestructura, entre otros. Conclusión Las participantes consideran que la malaria en Guapi se puede reducir pero no eliminar. Se requiere abordar este problema desde una perspectiva institucional y comunitaria, teniendo en cuenta las diferencias culturales, a partir de estrategias que incluyan el empoderamiento comunitario y fortalecimiento administrativo e institucional del programa.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To describe strategies for malaria elimination based on the perception of Afro-Colombian residents in Guapi, in the context of the Integrated Management Strategy for the Promotion, Prevention and Control of Vector-Borne Diseases in Colombia (EGI-ETV). Materials and Methods Qualitative study based on focus group discourse analysis. Eight participants from the urban area of Guapi were divided into two groups. The first group included three female nursing assistants, and was called "women with more experience"; they were workers in the current health system and former Malaria Eradication Service officers. The second group was made up of female nursing assistants, and was called "women with limited experience"; they were workers in the current health system and were not directly trained in the malaria program. An inductive and interpretative analysis was performed. Results Eight subcategories emerged, framed in the EGI-EVT, making emphasis on promotion and prevention aimed at reducing malaria, especially in rural areas. This problem must be addressed comprehensively, including other health issues and social determinants that affect them, such as: basic sanitation, access to health services, lack of education, use of popular treatments, and lack of infrastructure, among others. Conclusion Participants consider that malaria in Guapi can be reduced but not eliminated. This problem needs to be addressed from an institutional and community perspective, taking into account cultural differences, based on strategies that include community empowerment and administrative and institutional strengthening of the program.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Participação da Comunidade , Erradicação de Doenças/organização & administração , Doenças Transmitidas por Vetores/prevenção & controle , Malária/epidemiologia , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
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