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1.
Hemasphere ; 3(2): e186, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723825

RESUMO

By late 2018, 2 chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR T) cell products have been approved by US and European regulatory authorities. Tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah, Novartis) is indicated in the treatment of patients up to 25 years of age with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is refractory or in second or later relapse, or adult patients with large B-cell lymphoma relapsed or refractory (r/r) after 2 or more lines of systemic therapy, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified, high grade B-cell lymphoma and DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma. Axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta, Kite) is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with large B-cell lymphoma relapsed or refractory after 2 or more lines of systemic therapy, including DLBCL not otherwise specified, primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, high grade B-cell lymphoma, and DLBCL arising from follicular lymphoma (ZUMA-1 trial). This review will offer a practical guide for the recognition and management of the most important toxicities related to the use of the current commercial CAR T cells, and also highlight strategies to diminish these side effects in the future.

2.
Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther ; 12(4): 194-203, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) with early therapy failure (ETF) within 2 years of frontline therapy have poor overall survival (OS). We recently reported the results of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients from the Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplantes de Médula Ósea (GELTAMO) registry treated with rituximab prior to ASCT and with ETF after first-line immunochemotherapy, leading to 81% 5-year OS since ASCT. We explored whether ASCT is also an effective option in the pre-rituximab era-that is, in patients treated in induction and rescued only with chemotherapy. METHODS: ETF was defined as relapse/progression within 2 years of starting first-line therapy. We identified two groups: the ETF cohort (n = 87) and the non-ETF cohort (n = 47 patients receiving ASCT but not experiencing ETF following first-line therapy). RESULTS: There was a significant difference in 5-year progression-free survival between the ETF and non-ETF cohorts (43% vs. 57%, respectively; p = .048). Nevertheless, in patients with ETF with an interval from first relapse after primary treatment to ASCT of <1 year, no differences were observed in 5-year progression-free survival (48% vs. 66%, respectively; p = .44) or in 5-year OS (69% vs. 77%, p = .4). Patients in the ETF cohort transplanted in complete remission showed a plateau in the OS curves, at 56%, beyond 13.7 years of follow-up. CONCLUSION: ASCT may be a curative option for ETF in patients who respond to rescue chemotherapy, without the need for immunotherapy or other therapies, and should be considered as an early consolidation, especially in patients with difficult access to rituximab.

3.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1825-1831, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152794

RESUMO

Persistent thrombocytopenia is a common complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). Romiplostim and eltrombopag are the currently available thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs), and some studies with very small numbers of cases have reported their potential efficacy in the allo-SCT setting. The present retrospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of TPO-RAs in 86 patients with persistent thrombocytopenia after allo-HSCT. Sixteen patients (19%) had isolated thrombocytopenia (PT), and 71 (82%) had secondary failure of platelet recovery (SFPR). TPO-RA therapy was started at a median of 127 days (range, 27 to 1177 days) after allo-SCT. The median initial and maximum administered doses were 50 mg/day (range, 25 to 150 mg/day) and 75 mg/day (range, 25 to 150 mg/day), respectively, for eltrombopag and 1 µg/kg (range, 1 to 7 µg/kg) and 5 µg/kg (range, 1 to 10 µg/kg), respectively, for romiplostin. The median platelet count before initiation of TPO-RA therapy was 14,000/µL (range, 1000 to 57,000/µL). Platelet recovery to ≥50,000/µL without transfusion support was achieved in 72% of patients at a median time of 66 days (range, 2 to 247 days). Eighty-one percent of the patients had a decreased number of megakaryocytes before treatment, showing a slower response to therapy (P = .011). The median duration of treatment was 62 days (range, 7 to 700 days). Grade 3-4 adverse events (hepatic and asthenia) were observed in only 2% of the patients. At last follow-up, 81% of patients had discontinued TPO-RAs and maintained response, and 71% were alive. To our knowledge, this is the largest series analyzing the use of TPO-RAs after allo-SCT reported to date. Our results support the efficacy and safety in this new setting. Further prospective trials are needed to increase the level of evidence and to identify predictors of response.

4.
FASEB J ; 33(9): 10477-10489, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31251079

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is characterized by a failure in the mechanisms of apoptosis that leads to an accumulation of mature B cells in peripheral blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid organs. The molecular basis of CLL remains unknown. Certain cytogenetic and molecular markers determine a bad prognosis in CLL. Fanconi anemia complementation (FANC) proteins have been related to chromosomal instability and alterations in the mechanisms of p53 activation, control of cell cycle, and apoptosis. We investigated the role of certain FANC proteins in CLL. Our data identified a group of patients with CLL with high expression of FANCA in peripheral B-CLL cells and we established its relationship with the deletion of 11q23 and a worse prognosis. When we investigated the molecular mechanisms of this bad prognosis, we observed a reduction in the expression of 2 p53 target genes, p21 and ∆Np73, in CLL primary cells transfected with FANCA. Functional studies demonstrated an impairment of p53 by FANCA. Moreover, we obtained evidence of a cooperation between FANCA and the NEDD8-interacting protein NUB1L in the destabilization of p53. For the first time, FANCA is reported as a bad prognosis marker by a mechanism other than its role in the Fanconi anemia-breast cancer DNA repair pathway.-Bravo-Navas, S., Yáñez, L., Romón, Í., Pipaón, C. Elevated FANCA expression determines a worse prognosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and interferes with p53 function.

5.
BMJ Open ; 9(5): e025744, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129580

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) has historically been one of the major causes of severe sepsis and death among neutropenic cancer patients. There has been a recent increase of multidrug-resistant PA (MDRPA) isolates that may determine a worse prognosis, particularly in immunosuppressed patients. The aim of this study is to establish the impact of antibiotic resistance on the outcome of neutropenic onco-haematological patients with PA bacteraemia, and to identify the risk factors for MDRPA bacteraemia and mortality. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a retrospective, observational, multicentre, international study. All episodes of PA bacteraemia occurring in neutropenic onco-haematological patients followed up at the participating centres from 1 January 2006 to 31 May 2018 will be retrospectively reviewed. The primary end point will be overall case-fatality rate within 30 days of onset of PA bacteraemia. The secondary end points will be to describe the following: the incidence and risk factors for multidrug-resistant and extremely drug-resistant PA bacteraemia (by comparing the episodes due to susceptible PA with those produced by MDRPA), the efficacy of ceftolozane/tazobactam, the rates of persistent bacteraemia and bacteraemia relapse and the risk factors for very early (48 hours), early (7 days) and overall (30 days) case-fatality rates. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Bellvitge University Hospital approved the protocol of the study at the primary site. To protect personal privacy, identifying information of each patient in the electronic database will be encrypted. The processing of the patients' personal data collected in the study will comply with the Spanish Data Protection Act of 1998 and with the European Directive on the privacy of data. All data collected, stored and processed will be anonymised. Results will be reported at conferences and in peer-reviewed publications.

6.
AIDS ; 33(9): 1441-1447, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Although a number of patients with HIV infection and hematological disease have successfully undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), short and long-term outcomes remain not well known. We report the largest Spanish experience treating HIV-infected adult patients with high-risk hematological malignancies with allogeneic HSCT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 22 HIV-positive patients who received allogeneic HSCT in five centers in Spain. RESULTS: A total of 22 patients with high-risk hematological malignancies were transplanted between 1999 and 2018. Median age was 44 years. With a median follow-up of 65 months (8-112), overall survival and event-free survival were 46%. Nonrelapse mortality was 14% at 12 months and relapse was 24% at 24 months. Grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) rate was 44%, and moderate/severe chronic GVHD rate was 41% at 24 months. All patients received combination antiretroviral therapy. Two patients showed severe toxicity related to drug interaction with antiretroviral therapy. 68% of patients showed infectious complications with viral infections as the most frequent cause. Two patients had invasive aspergillosis and one patient presented disseminated tuberculosis. All survivors except one maintained undetectable HIV load at last follow-up after HSCT. CONCLUSION: Allogeneic HSCT is an effective therapy for high-risk hematological malignancies in patients with HIV infection, and long-term HIV suppression with combination antiretroviral therapy is feasible. However, drug interactions with antiretroviral agents, occurrence of GVHD, and frequent infectious complications account for a complex procedure in this population. Selected HIV-infected patients with hematologic malignancies should be considered for allo-HSCT when indicated, in experienced centers.

7.
Haematologica ; 104(11): 2249-2257, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30890600

RESUMO

It has been postulated that monitoring measurable residual disease (MRD) could be used as a surrogate marker of progression-free survival (PFS) in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients after treatment with immunochemotherapy regimens. In this study, we analyzed the outcome of 84 patients at 3 years of follow-up after first-line treatment with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide and rituximab (FCR) induction followed by 36 months of rituximab maintenance thearpy. MRD was assessed by a quantitative four-color flow cytometry panel with a sensitivity level of 10-4 Eighty out of 84 evaluable patients (95.2%) achieved at least a partial response or better at the end of induction. After clinical evaluation, 74 patients went into rituximab maintenance and the primary endpoint was assessed in the final analysis at 3 years of follow-up. Bone marrow (BM) MRD analysis was performed after the last planned induction course and every 6 months in cases with detectable residual disease during the 36 months of maintenance therapy. Thirty-seven patients (44%) did not have detectable residual disease in the BM prior to maintenance therapy. Interestingly, 29 patients with detectable residual disease in the BM after induction no longer had detectable disease in the BM following maintenance therapy. After a median followup of 6.30 years, the median overall survival (OS) and PFS had not been reached in patients with either undetectable or detectable residual disease in the BM, who had achieved a complete response at the time of starting maintenance therapy. Interestingly, univariate analysis showed that after rituximab maintenance OS was not affected by IGHV status (mutated vs unmutated OS: 85.7% alive at 7.2 years vs 79.6% alive at 7.3 years, respectively). As per protocol, 15 patients (17.8%), who achieved a complete response and undetectable peripheral blood and BM residual disease after four courses of induction, were allowed to stop fludarabine and cyclophosphamide and complete two additional courses of rituximab and continue with maintenance therapy for 18 cycles. Surprisingly, the outcome in this population was similar to that observed in patients who received the full six cycles of the induction regimen. These data show that, compared to historic controls, patients treated with FCR followed by rituximab maintenance have high-quality responses with fewer relapses and improved OS. The tolerability of this regime is favorable. Furthermore, attaining an early undetectable residual disease status could shorten the duration of chemoimmunotherapy, reducing toxicities and preventing long-term side effects. The analysis of BM MRD after fludarabine-based induction could be a powerful predictor of post-maintenance outcomes in patients with CLL undergoing rituximab maintenance and could be a valuable tool to identify patients at high risk of relapse, influencing further treatment strategies. This trial is registered with EudraCT n. 2007-002733-36 and ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00545714.

8.
Eur J Haematol ; 102(6): 465-471, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828868

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an infrequent complication of allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). AIMS: To estimate the frequency and management of PTLD in Spain and to identify prognostic factors influencing outcomes. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of allo-SCT performed in 14 transplant units over a 15-year period. RESULTS: 102 PTLD were diagnosed among 12 641 allo-SCT, leading to an estimated frequency of 0.8%. PTLD was diagnosed at a median of 106 days after SCT. Eighty-seven cases (85%) were diagnosed between 2007 and 2013. At diagnosis, 22% and 17% of the patients had gastrointestinal tract and CNS involvement. Eighty-seven (85%) received rituximab treatment, alone or in combination with immunosuppression reduction, with an ORR of 50.6%. With a median follow-up for survivors of 58 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) was 33% and the PTLD-related mortality 45%. Age ≥ 40 years, malignant underlying disease, non-response to rituximab, and severe thrombocytopenia or lymphocytopenia at PTLD diagnosis were associated with worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Only a small proportion of allografted patients were diagnosed a PTLD. Its clinical course was highly aggressive, and prognosis poor, especially in those failing rituximab. The prognostic impact found of the platelet, and lymphocyte count at diagnosis requires further confirmation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
11.
Haematologica ; 103(2): e82-e86, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29242305
12.
Cancer Med ; 6(12): 2766-2774, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076254

RESUMO

Overall survival (OS) is the gold-standard end point for studies evaluating autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in follicular lymphoma (FL), but assessment may be elusive due to the lengthy disease course. We analyzed the validity of two earlier end points, proposed in the setting of first-line chemo-/immunotherapy, as surrogates for OS-progression-free survival (PFS) status at 24 months (PFS24) and complete response at 30 months (CR30) post-ASCT. We also have investigated the clinical features of patients with early progression after ASCT. Data were available for 626 chemosensitive FL patients who received ASCT between 1989 and 2007. Median follow-up was 12.2 years from ASCT. In the PFS24 analysis, 153 (24%) patients progressed within 24 months and 447 were alive and progression-free at 24 months post-ASCT (26 who died without disease progressions within 24 months were excluded). Early progression was associated with shorter OS (hazard ratio [HR], 6.8; P = 0.00001). In the subgroup of patients who received an ASCT in the setting or relapse after being exposed to rituximab, the HR was 11.3 (95% CI, 3.9-30.2; P < 0.00001). In the CR30 analysis, 183 of 596 (31%) response-evaluable patients progressed/died with 30 months post-ASCT. The absence of CR30 was associated with shorter OS (HR, 7.8; P < 0.00001), including in patients with prior rituximab (HR, 8.2). PFS24 and CR30 post-ASCT are associated with poor outcomes and should be primary end points. Further research is needed to identify this population to be offered alternative treatments.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(10): 1631-1640, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28533060

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy supported by autologous stem cell transplantation (HDT/ASCT) has contributed to modify the natural history of follicular lymphoma (FL); however, an overall survival (OS) benefit has been demonstrated at relapse only after a rituximab-free chemotherapy regimen. A total of 655 patients with FL were reported to the Spanish GELTAMO (Grupo Español de Linfomas y Trasplantes de Médula Ósea) registry and underwent first ASCT between 1989 and 2007. A total of 203 patients underwent ASCT in first complete response (CR1), 174 in second complete response (CR2), 28 in third complete response (CR3), 140 in first partial response (PR1), 81 in subsequent PR, and 29 with resistant/refractory disease; 184 patients received rituximab before ASCT. With a median follow-up of 12 years from ASCT, median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 9.7 and 21.3 years, respectively. Actuarial 12-year PFS and OS were 63% (95% confidence interval [CI], 58%-68%) and 73% (95% CI, 68%-78%), respectively, for patients in CR (with a plateau in the curve beyond 15.9 years), 25% (95% CI, 19%-28%) and 49% (95% CI 42%-56%), respectively, for patients in PR, and 23% (95% CI, 8%-48%) and 28% (95% CI, 9%-45%), respectively, for patients with resistant/refractory disease (P < .001). In patients who received rituximab before ASCT, the estimated 9-year PFS and OS from ASCT were 59.5% (95% CI, 51%-67%) and 75% (95% CI, 68%-83%), respectively. Interestingly, for patients who underwent transplantation in CR ≥2 or PR ≥2 who had received rituximab before ASCT (n = 90), 9-year PFS and OS were 61% (95% CI, 51%-73%) and 75% (95% CI, 65%-80%), respectively, with no relapses occurring beyond 5.1 years after ASCT. The cumulative incidence of second malignancies in the global series was 6.7% at 5 years and 12.8% at 10 years. This analysis strongly suggests that ASCT is a potentially curative option for eligible patients with FL. In the setting of relapse, it is of especial interest in pretransplantation rituximab-sensitive patients with FL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
14.
FASEB J ; 31(7): 3007-3017, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28373209

RESUMO

While working with G418-resistant stably transfected cells, we realized the neomycin resistance (NeoR) gene, which encodes the aminoglycoside-3'-phosphotransferase-IIa [APH(3')-IIa], also confers resistance to the nucleoside analog fludarabine. Fludarabine is a cytostatic drug widely used in the treatment of hematologic and solid tumors, as well as in the conditioning of patients before transplantation of hematopoietic progenitors. We present evidence that NeoR-transfected cells do not incorporate fludarabine, thus avoiding DNA damage caused by the drug, evidenced by a lack of FANCD2 monoubiquitination and impaired apoptosis. A screening of other nucleoside analogs revealed that APH(3')-IIa only protects against ATP purine analogs. Moreover, APH(3')-IIa ATPase activity is inhibited by fludarabine monophosphate, suggesting that APH(3')-IIa blocks fludarabine incorporation into DNA by dephosphorylating its active fludarabine triphosphate form. Furthermore, overexpression of the catalytic subunit of the eukaryotic kinase PKA, which is structurally related to APHs, also provides resistance to fludarabine, anticipating its putative utility as a response marker to the drug. Our results preclude the use of Neo marker plasmids in the study of purine analogs and unveils a new resistance mechanism against these chemotherapeuticals.-Sánchez-Carrera, D., Bravo-Navas, S., Cabezón, E., Arechaga, I., Cabezas, M., Yáñez, L., Pipaón, C. Fludarabine resistance mediated by aminoglycoside-3'-phosphotransferase-IIa and the structurally related eukaryotic cAMP-dependent protein kinase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Canamicina Quinase/metabolismo , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Clonagem Molecular , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Canamicina Quinase/genética , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Vidarabina/química , Vidarabina/farmacologia
15.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 148(8): 381.e1-381.e9, abr. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-161625

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivo: El amplio arsenal terapéutico junto con la heterogeneidad biológica de los pacientes hace que sea difícil estandarizar el tratamiento de la leucemia linfocítica crónica (LLC) en la práctica clínica. Estas consideraciones han motivado la preparación del presente documento de consenso, que se trata de una actualización de la versión publicada en 2013, prestando especial atención a las estrategias de tratamiento que han aparecido en los últimos 5 años, como los inhibidores del receptor de células B (ibrutinib e idelalisib), los nuevos anticuerpos monoclonales anti-CD20 (ofatumumab y obinutuzumab) y los inhibidores de Bcl-2 (venetoclax). Material y métodos: Un grupo de expertos del Grupo Español de Leucemia Linfocítica Crónica ha revisado la bibliografía publicada entre 2010 y 2016 para poder establecer una serie de recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia clínica. En aquellas áreas donde no se encontró una evidencia científica, el grupo de expertos estableció recomendaciones por consenso con base en sus experiencias clínicas. Resultados: Como resultado del proyecto se ha establecido un conjunto de recomendaciones de carácter práctico que facilitarán el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y el seguimiento de los pacientes con LLC. Conclusiones: Existen muchos aspectos del tratamiento de la LLC que resultan ser temas controvertidos sobre los que no hay estudios apropiados para generar recomendaciones de forma consensuada (AU)


Background and objective: The broad therapeutic arsenal and the biological heterogeneity of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) makes it difficult to standardize treatment for CLL patients with specific clinical settings in routine clinical practice. These considerations prompted us to elaborate the present consensus document, which constitutes an update of the previous version published in 2013, mainly focusing on novel treatment strategies that have been developed over last 5 years, namely B-cell receptor inhibitors (ibrutinib and idelalisib), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (ofatumumab and obinutuzumab), and Bcl-2 inhibitors (venetoclax). Material and methods: A group of experts from the Spanish Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Group reviewed all published literature from January 2010 to January 2016, in order to provide recommendations based on clinical evidence. For those areas without strong scientific evidence, the panel of experts established consensus criteria based on their clinical experience. Results: The project has resulted in several practical recommendations that will facilitate the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with CLL. Conclusions: There are many controversial issues in the management of CLL with no appropriate studies for making consensus recommendations (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/terapia , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/uso terapêutico , Antígenos CD20/análise , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Consenso , Prognóstico , Qualidade de Vida , Grupos de Risco
16.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 148(8): 381.e1-381.e9, 2017 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28236475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The broad therapeutic arsenal and the biological heterogeneity of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) makes it difficult to standardize treatment for CLL patients with specific clinical settings in routine clinical practice. These considerations prompted us to elaborate the present consensus document, which constitutes an update of the previous version published in 2013, mainly focusing on novel treatment strategies that have been developed over last 5 years, namely B-cell receptor inhibitors (ibrutinib and idelalisib), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (ofatumumab and obinutuzumab), and Bcl-2 inhibitors (venetoclax). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of experts from the Spanish Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Group reviewed all published literature from January 2010 to January 2016, in order to provide recommendations based on clinical evidence. For those areas without strong scientific evidence, the panel of experts established consensus criteria based on their clinical experience. RESULTS: The project has resulted in several practical recommendations that will facilitate the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of patients with CLL. CONCLUSIONS: There are many controversial issues in the management of CLL with no appropriate studies for making consensus recommendations.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Bicíclicos Heterocíclicos com Pontes/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Purinas/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinonas/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
17.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(1): 44-52, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27720995

RESUMO

In this retrospective analysis we evaluated the outcome of 313 patients aged ≥ 70 years in the registry of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS; n = 221) and secondary acute myeloid leukemia (n = 92) who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from related (n = 79) or unrelated (n = 234) donors. Median age at HSCT was 72 years (range, 70 to 78). Conditioning regimen was nonmyeloablative (n = 54), reduced intensity (n = 207), or standard intensity (n = 52). Allogeneic HSCT for MDS patients ≥ 70 years was increasingly performed over time. Although during 2000 to 2004 only 16 patients received HSCT, during 2011 to 2013 the number of transplantations increased to 181. The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality at 1 year and relapse at 3 years was 32% and 28%, respectively, with a 3-year overall survival rate of 34%. Good performance, determined by Karnofsky performance status, and recipients' seronegativity for cytomegalovirus was associated with 3-year estimated overall survival rates of 43% (P = .01) and 46% (P = .002), respectively. Conditioning intensity did not impact survival. After careful patient selection, allogeneic HSCT can be offered to patients older than 70 years with MDS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Idoso , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Avaliação de Estado de Karnofsky , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/mortalidade , Transplante Homólogo
18.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 22(3): 584-8, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631751

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) represents the most effective immunotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloid malignancies. However, disease relapse remains the most common cause of treatment failure. By performing a second allo-HCT, durable remission can be achieved in some patients. However, a second allo-HCT is of no benefit for the majority of patients, so this approach requires further understanding. We present a retrospective cohort of 116 patients diagnosed with AML, myelodysplastic syndromes, and myeloproliferative disorders who consecutively underwent a second allo-HCT for disease relapse. The median age was 38 years (range, 4 to 69 years). Sixty-three patients were alive at last follow-up. The median follow-up of the whole cohort was 193 days (range, 2 to 6724 days) and the median follow-up of survivors was 1628 days (range, 52 to 5518 days). Overall survival (OS) at 5 years was 32% (SE ± 4.7%). Multivariate analysis identified active disease status (P < .001) and second allo-HCT < 430 days (the median of the time to second transplantation) after the first transplantation (P < .001) as factors for poor prognosis, whereas the use of an HLA-identical sibling donor for the second allo-HCT was identified as a good prognostic factor (P < .05) for OS. The use of myeloablative conditioning (P = .01), active disease (P = .02), and a donor other than an HLA-identical sibling (others versus HLA-identical siblings) (P = .009) were factors statistically significant for nonrelapse mortality in multivariate analysis. Time to second transplantation was statistically significant (P = .001) in the relapse multivariate analysis, whereas multivariate analysis identified active disease status (P < .001) and time to second transplantation (P < .001) as poor prognosis factors for disease-free survival. This study confirms active disease and early relapse as dismal prognostic factors for a second allo-HCT. Using a different donor at second allo-HCT did not appear to change outcome, but using an HLA-identical sibling donor for a second transplantation appears to be associated with better survival. Further studies are warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Irmãos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Biosci Rep ; 35(3)2015 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26182360

RESUMO

Inactivation of p53 is one of the most relevant events in human cancer, since it allows transformed cells to escape their own proliferation control and leave them irresponsive to drugs that aim to damage their DNA. When p53 falls, other members of its family may become targets to attack tumoural cells. p73 has shown capacity to mediate these attacks. However, its N-terminal truncated isoforms have been associated with oncogenesis due to their capacity to act as dominant negatives of p53 and the transactivation (TA) isoforms of p73. We previously found a relationship between the overexpression of N-terminus-truncated p73 isoform (∆Np73) and that of the proapoptotic gene Bcl-2-interacting killer (BIK). In the present report we demonstrate that ∆Np73-α has the capacity to induce apoptosis through the co-ordinated activation of a group of genes harbouring GC-rich elements in their regulatory regions. ∆Np73-α synergizes with specificity protein (Sp1) on these elements but the overall response of these genes probably depends on the additional presence of consensus p53 elements. We explore the domains of ∆Np73-α involved in this transactivation capacity and found divergences with the previously described functions for them. Moreover, we found that the transforming mutation V12 of HRas impairs this transactivation capacity of ∆Np73-α, further supporting the anti-tumoural function of this later. Our data add complexity to the action of p73 on the induction of apoptosis and tumourogenesis, opening new interpretations to the expression profile of p73 isoforms in different human neoplasias.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteína Tumoral p73/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Composição de Bases , Células Cultivadas , Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química , Anemia de Fanconi/patologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais , Mutação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Elementos de Resposta/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/metabolismo , Proteína Tumoral p73/química , Proteína Tumoral p73/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
20.
Ecancermedicalscience ; 9: 535, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26015804

RESUMO

Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections are uncommon complications in the haematopoietic stem cell post-transplant period. Most cases are reactivations of latent infections affecting the lung. We present an atypical case of isolated lymph node tuberculosis after an allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which highlights the importance of having a high suspicion index, even in non-endemic countries.

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