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1.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821301

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is caused by mutations in the ALPL gene encoding tissue nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) and inherited in either an autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant manner. It is characterized clinically by defective mineralization of bone, dental problems, and low serum ALP levels. In the current report, we demonstrate a novel mutation in the ALPL gene (c.244G > A p.Gly82Arg) in a Japanese family with low serum ALP levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ALPL gene analysis using hybridization capture-based next-generation sequencing was performed. The expression plasmids of the wild type and mutated TNSALP were introduced into COS-7 cells. The enzymatic activity of ALP in the cell lysates was measured using p-nitrophenylphosphate as a substrate. RESULTS: TNSALP with the novel ALPL mutation (c.244G > A p.Gly82Arg) completely lost its enzymatic activity and suppressed that of wild-type TNSALP, corroborating its dominant negative effect. The diagnosis of autosomal dominant HPP was confirmed in three members of the family. CONCLUSION: Our approach would help to avoid the inappropriate use of bone resorption inhibitors for currently mis- or under-diagnosed HPP, given that the presence of further, yet undetected mutations of the ALPL gene are plausible.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 8109, 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33854152

RESUMO

Clinical targeted sequencing allows for the selection of patients expected to have a better treatment response, and reveals mechanisms of resistance to molecular targeted therapies based on actionable gene mutations. We underwent comprehensive genomic testing with either our original in-house CLHURC system or with OncoPrime. Samples from 24 patients with estrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative metastatic breast cancer underwent targeted sequencing between 2016 and 2018. Germline and somatic gene alterations and patients' prognosis were retrospectively analyzed according to the response to endocrine therapy. All of the patients had one or more germline and/or somatic gene alterations. Four patients with primary or secondary endocrine-resistant breast cancer harbored germline pathogenic variants of BRCA1, BRCA2, or PTEN. Among somatic gene alterations, TP53, PIK3CA, AKT1, ESR1, and MYC were the most frequently mutated genes. TP53 gene mutation was more frequently observed in patients with primary endocrine resistance compared to those with secondary endocrine resistance or endocrine-responsive breast cancer. Recurrent breast cancer patients carrying TP53-mutant tumors had significantly worse overall survival compared to those with TP53-wild type tumors. Our 160-gene cancer panel will be useful to identify clinically actionable gene alterations in breast cancer in clinical practice.

3.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 2021 Apr 17.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33867414

RESUMO

A 43-year-old woman with a history of tick bite in the mountains in Hokkaido presented with a fever of 39°C, headache, and nausea. Cerebrospinal fluid findings indicated meningitis. On day 3 after admission, she presented with restlessness, disturbance of consciousness, and ataxic breathing, indicative of encephalitis. We administered steroid pulse therapy, tracheal intubation, and a respirator. Her symptoms improved gradually and she was able to breathe without the respirator on day 10 after admission. She was discharged on day 24 after admission with no sequelae. This is the fifth reported case of tick-borne encephalitis in Japan. In the previous four cases, the patients died or suffered severe sequelae. This is the first case without any sequelae in Japan.

4.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(5): 753-761, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33532831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Comprehensive cancer genomic profiling has been used recently for patients with advanced solid cancers. Two cancer genomic profiling tests for patients with no standard treatment are covered by Japanese public health insurance since June 2019. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed data of 189 patients with solid cancers who underwent either of the two-cancer genomic profiling tests at Hokkaido University Hospital and its liaison hospitals and whose results were discussed in molecular tumor board at Hokkaido University Hospital between August 2019 and July 2020. RESULTS: All 189 patients had appropriate results. Actionable gene alterations were identified in 93 patients (49%). Frequent mutations included PIK3CA (12%) mutation, BRCA1/2 alteration (7%), ERBB2 amplification (6%) and tumor mutation burden-High (4%). The median turnaround time from sample shipping to acquisition by the expert panel was 26 days. Although 115 patients (61%) were provided with information for genotype-matched therapies, only 21 (11%) received them. Notably, four of eight patients below the age of 20 years were provided information for genotype-matched therapies, and three received them. Their response rates and disease control rates were 29% and 67%, respectively. Most patients who did not undergo the genotype-matched therapies were provided information for only investigational drugs in phases I and II at distant clinical trial sites in central Japan. Twenty-six patients were informed of suspected germline findings, while 11 patients (42%) received genetic counseling. CONCLUSIONS: The publicly reimbursed cancer genomic profilings may lead to the modest but favorable therapeutic efficacy of genotype-matched therapy for solid cancer patients with no standard therapy. However, poor access to genotype-matched therapy needs to be resolved.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e045100, 2021 02 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558361

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a refractory neurodegenerative disease, but novel treatments are anticipated. An accurate natural history of MSA is important for clinical trials, but is insufficient. This regional registry was launched to complement clinical information on MSA. SETTING: Patient recruitment started in November 2014 and is ongoing at the time of submission. The number of participating facilities was 66. Postal surveys were sent to medical facilities and patients with MSA in Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: After obtaining written consent from 196 participants, 184 overview surveys and 115 detailed surveys were conducted. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: An overview survey evaluated conformity to diagnostic criteria and a detailed survey implemented an annual assessment based on the Unified Multiple System Atrophy Rating Scale (UMSARS). RESULTS: At the time of registration, 58.2% of patients were diagnosed with cerebellar symptoms predominant type MSA (MSA-C) and 29.9% were diagnosed with parkinsonism predominant type MSA (MSA-P). UMSARS Part Ⅳ score of 4 or 5 accounted for 53.8% of participants. The higher the UMSARS Part Ⅳ score, the higher the proportion of MSA-P. At baseline, levodopa was used by 69 patients (37.5%) and the average levodopa dose was 406.7 mg/day. The frequency of levodopa use increased over time. Eleven cases changed from MSA-C to MSA-P during the study, but the opposite was not observed. Information about survival and causes of death was collected on 54 cases. Half of deaths were respiratory-related. Sudden death was recorded even in the group with UMSARS Part Ⅳ score of 1. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first large-scale prospective MSA cohort study in Asia. MSA-C was dominant, but the use of antiparkinsonian drugs increased over the study period. Changes from MSA-C to MSA-P occurred, but not vice versa.

6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 36, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33531027

RESUMO

Disease sites of female genital tract cancers of BRCA1/2-associated hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) are less understood than non-hereditary cancers. We aimed to elucidate the disease site distribution of genital cancers in women with the germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variants (BRCA1+ and BRCA2+) of HBOC. For the primary disease site, the proportion of fallopian tube and peritoneal cancer was significantly higher in BRCA2+ (40.5%) compared with BRCA1+ (15.4%) and BRCA- (no pathogenic variant, 12.8%). For the metastatic site, the proportion of peritoneal dissemination was significantly higher in BRCA1+ (71.9%) than BRCA- (55.1%) and not different from BRCA2+ (71.4%). With one of the most extensive patients, this study supported the previous reports showing that the pathogenic variants of BRCA1/2 were involved in the female genitalia's disease sites.

7.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 83: 49-53, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476877

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Perry disease (Perry syndrome), a hereditary TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) proteinopathy, is caused by dynactin subunit 1 (DCNT1) mutations and is characterized by rapidly progressive parkinsonism accompanied by depression, apathy, unexpected weight loss, and respiratory symptoms including central hypoventilation and central sleep apnea. Meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy is considered a diagnostic biomarker for Lewy body disease (LBD), as denervation of cardiac sympathetic nerves is a pathological feature in LBD. However, our previous studies have reported a decreased cardiac uptake of MIBG in patients with Perry disease. In this study, we aimed to correlate the MIBG myocardial scintigraphy findings with clinical features in Perry disease. METHODS: We evaluated data obtained from a multicenter survey of patients of Japanese origin with suspected Perry disease, who visited neurology departments in Japan from January 2010 to December 2018. We screened each patient's DNA for the DCTN1 mutation using Sanger sequencing and obtained the clinical details of all patients including findings from their MIBG myocardial scintigraphy. RESULTS: We identified two novel mutations, p.G71V and p.K68E, in DCTN1 in patients from two different families. The majority of patients (7/8, 87.5%) showed a decrease in cardiac uptake (heart to mediastinum ratio) in MIBG myocardial scintigraphy. These patients commonly presented with symptoms related to autonomic dysfunction: constipation, fecal incontinence, urinary disturbance, and orthostatic hypotension. CONCLUSIONS: MIBG myocardial scintigraphy may be a useful biomarker of autonomic dysfunction in Perry disease.

8.
Microorganisms ; 8(11)2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126600

RESUMO

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a zoonotic disease that usually presents as a moderate febrile illness followed by severe encephalitis, and various neurological symptoms are observed depending on the distinct central nervous system (CNS) regions affected by the TBE virus (TBEV) infection. In Japan, TBE incidence is increasing and TBEV distributions are reported in wide areas, specifically in Hokkaido. However, an extensive epidemiological survey regarding TBEV has not been conducted yet. In this study, we conducted a retrospective study of the prevalence of antibodies against TBEV in patients with neurological disorders and healthy populations in a TBEV-endemic area in Hokkaido. Among 2000 patients, three patients with inflammatory diseases in the CNS had TBEV-specific IgM antibodies and neutralizing antibodies. The other four patients diagnosed clinically with other neurological diseases were positive for TBEV-specific IgG and neutralizing antibodies, indicating previous TBEV infection. In a total of 246 healthy residents in a TBEV-endemic region, one resident had TBEV-specific antibodies. These results demonstrated undiagnosed TBEV infections in Japan. Further surveys are required to reveal the actual epidemiological risk of TBE and to consider preventive measures, such as a vaccine program, for the control of TBE in Japan.

9.
J Hum Genet ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127985

RESUMO

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is an X-linked disease that affects primarily the white matter of the central nervous system and adrenal cortex. A correlation between genotypes and phenotypes has not been observed. Here, we present two Japanese siblings with a novel missense variant (c.1887T > G) in the ABCD1 gene who presented with different clinical phenotypes, i.e., adolescent cerebral and cerebello-brainstem types. We also review the literature focusing on the variation in the clinical phenotypes within ALD families. In our review, 61.9% of sibling pairs presented with the same clinical type of ALD and 59.1% of sibling pairs presented with a similar age of onset. Conversely, 15.4% of sibling pairs had a similar age of onset, but different clinical types of ALD. To observe the correlation between genotypes and phenotypes, it is important to diagnose early and to accumulate reports describing age of onset, first onset symptom, and progression of the symptom.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0232808, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941428

RESUMO

Studies on evoked responses in Parkinson's disease (PD) may be useful for elucidating the etiology and quantitative evaluation of PD. However, in previous studies, the association between evoked responses and detailed motor symptoms or cognitive functions has not been clear. This study investigated the characteristics of the visual (VEF), auditory (AEF), and somatosensory (SEF) evoked magnetic fields in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and the correlations between evoked fields and the patient's clinical characteristics, motor symptoms, and cognitive functions. Twenty patients with PD and 10 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited as participants. We recorded VEF, AEF, and SEF, collected clinical characteristics, performed physical examinations, and administered 10 cognitive tests. We investigated differences in the latencies of the evoked fields between patients with PD and HCs. We also evaluated the correlation of the latencies with motor symptoms and cognitive functioning. There were significant differences between the two groups in 6 of the cognitive tests, all of which suggested mild cognitive impairment in patients with PD. The latencies of the VEF N75m, P100m, N145m, AEF P50m, P100m, and SEF P60m components were greater in the patients with PD than in the HCs. The latencies mainly correlated with medication and motor symptoms, less so with cognitive tests, with some elements of the correlations remaining significant after Bonferroni correction. In conclusion, the latencies of the VEF, AEF, and SEF were greater in PD patients than in HCs and were mainly correlated with medication and motor symptoms rather than cognitive functioning. Findings from this study suggest that evoked fields may reflect basal ganglia functioning and are candidates for assessing motor symptoms or the therapeutic effects of medication in patients with PD.


Assuntos
Potenciais Evocados , Campos Magnéticos , Doença de Parkinson/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Magnetoencefalografia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , Tempo de Reação
11.
Prion ; 14(1): 226-231, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938301

RESUMO

Genetic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (gCJD) with a mutation in codon 180 of the prion protein gene (V180I gCJD) is the most common form of gCJD in Japan, but only a few cases have been reported in Europe and the United States. It is clinically characterized by occurring in the elderly and presenting as slowly progressive dementia, although it generally shows less cerebellar and pyramidal symptoms than sporadic CJD. Here, we report a patient with V180I gCJD who initially presented with slowly progressive spastic paralysis with neither cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) nor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities. His symptoms progressed gradually, and after 9 years, he displayed features more typical of CJD. Diffusion-weighted MRI revealed high-intensity signals in the cortical gyrus, and there was a marked increase of 14-3-3 protein and total tau protein in the CSF, but he was negative for the real-time quaking-induced conversion assay. Although the time course was more consistent with Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease than CJD, genetic testing revealed V180I gCJD. This is the first report of a patient with V180I gCJD who initially presented with spastic paralysis, and also the first to reveal that it took 9 years from disease onset for cortical dysfunction to develop and for MRI and CSF abnormalities to be detectable. In conclusion, we should screen for V180I gCJD in elderly patients presenting with slowly progressive spastic paralysis.

12.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(10): 688-692, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893242

RESUMO

We report two cases of transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (ATTR-FAP) from non-endemic areas. Both cases showed chronic progressive distal limb numbness and weakness. Due to nonspecific symptoms, they were not diagnosed for a long period of time. A nerve conduction study revealed axonal neuropathy in the lower limbs and carpal tunnel syndrome. An echo test showed thickness of the left ventricle, one of the red flag symptom clusters of ATTR-FAP. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in the transthyretin gene. In cases with chronic progressive neuropathy, it is important to consider a differential diagnosis of ATTR-FAP.


Assuntos
Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/diagnóstico , Neuropatias Amiloides Familiares/genética , Mutação , Pré-Albumina/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Anamnese
13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918387

RESUMO

Anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA)-positive myositis is an atypical inflammatory myopathy characterized by chronic progressive respiratory muscle weakness, muscular atrophy, and cardiac involvement. Arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis have been reported as cardiac manifestations. Herein, we present the first report of a patient diagnosed with having AMA-positive myositis with cardiac involvement mimicking cardiac sarcoidosis.

15.
Cancer Sci ; 111(10): 3926-3937, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772458

RESUMO

Precision medicine is a promising strategy for cancer treatment. In this study, we developed an in-house clinical sequencing system to perform a comprehensive cancer genomic profiling test as a clinical examination and analyzed the utility of this system. Genomic DNA was extracted from tumor tissues and peripheral blood cells collected from 161 patients with different stages and types of cancer. A comprehensive targeted amplicon exome sequencing for 160 cancer-related genes was performed using next-generation sequencing (NGS). The sequencing data were analyzed using an original bioinformatics pipeline, and multiple cancer-specific gene alterations were identified. The success rate of our test was 99% (160/161), while re-biopsy was required for 24% (39/161) of the cases. Potentially actionable and actionable gene alterations were detected in 91% (145/160) and 46% (73/160) of the patients, respectively. The actionable gene alterations were frequently detected in PIK3CA (9%), ERBB2 (8%), and EGFR (4%). High tumor mutation burden (TMB) (≥10 mut/Mb) was observed in 12% (19/160) of the patients. The secondary findings in germline variants considered to be associated with hereditary tumors were detected in 9% (15/160) of the patients. Seventeen patients (11%, 17/160) were treated with genotype-matched therapeutic agents, and the response rate was 47% (8/17). The median turnaround time for physicians was 20 days, and the median survival time after the initial visit was 8.7 months. The results of the present study prove the feasibility of implementing in-house clinical sequencing as a promising laboratory examination technique for precision cancer medicine.

16.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(8): 554-559, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641626

RESUMO

A 42-year-old man with a history of two previous coronary embolisms was referred to our hospital. He had been experiencing muscle weakness since he was around 40 years old. He had muscle atrophy of the scapula, upper arm, and lower extremities, and electromyography revealed myogenic changes in the limb muscles. Histopathological analysis of the muscle biopsy specimen revealed a complete deficiency of emerin protein, and genetic examination revealed a mutation in the emerin (EMD) gene, resulting in a diagnosis of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). EDMD is a muscular disorder with three symptoms: joint contracture at early onset, muscle weakness and atrophy, and cardiac dysfunction. Although this patient showed no obvious joint contracture, the course and clinical symptoms vary among patients. Therefore, in patients in whom clinical diagnosis is difficult, muscle biopsy and genetic testing should be performed for EDMD in order to prevent sudden death due to this disease.


Assuntos
Contratura , Articulações , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/diagnóstico , Adulto , Contratura/patologia , Humanos , Articulações/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Debilidade Muscular/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Atrofia Muscular/patologia , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/genética , Distrofia Muscular de Emery-Dreifuss/patologia , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/genética
17.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(8): 560-564, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641628

RESUMO

A 66-year-old woman with small-cell lung cancer and cancer-associated retinopathy with anti-recoverin antibodies presented with subacute paraplegia associated with recurrence of lung cancer. Although a spinal cord MRI did not show any visible lesion, the neurological symptoms and cerebrospinal fluid findings indicated myelitis. Anti-CV2/CRMP5 antibodies were also positive and the patient was diagnosed with paraneoplastic myelopathy. After medication with prednisolone, her neurological symptoms improved and she survived over three years without recurrence of neurological symptoms. In general, paraneoplastic myelopathy is refractory against immunotherapy but in this case, immunotherapy was successful and resulted in long-term survival. We recommend examining anti-neuronal antibodies and choose and continue the appropriate immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Hidrolases/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/imunologia , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/imunologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/terapia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/terapia
18.
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(8): 549-553, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641634

RESUMO

A 39-year-old man presented with an 8-month history of pain and paresthesia of the right foot sole and difficulty in the right toe dorsiflexion. A neurological examination revealed weakness in performing both the ankle and right foot toe dorsiflexion, reduced right planta pedis sensation, and absent right Achilles tendon reflex. Tinel's sign was present on the right popliteal fossa and medial part of the right ankle. MRI of the right knee showed multiple cystic lesions in his right tibial nerve. The cystic lesions extended from the popliteal fossa and were thought to be intraneural ganglion cysts. On MRI performed 4 months later, most of the cystic lesions spontaneously vanished. Therefore, intraneural ganglia should be considered when atypical mononeuropathy, such as tibial nerve palsy, is present.


Assuntos
Cistos Glanglionares/complicações , Paralisia/etiologia , Neuropatia Tibial/etiologia , Adulto , Cistos Glanglionares/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Nervo Tibial/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To establish an individualized surgical strategy for lymphadenectomy in ovarian cancer patients with the germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic variants (BRCA1+ and BRCA2+), we investigated the clinicopathological characteristics that are involved in the increased risk of lymph node metastasis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of Japanese women registered in the database of the Japanese Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Consortium, who underwent BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic testing. RESULTS: We evaluated the predictors of lymph node metastasis in all patients with the information of age at the diagnosis, disease site, histological subtype, 2014 FIGO stage, personal breast cancer history and family history; 233, 153 and 32 patients in the BRCA- (no pathogenic variant), BRCA1+ and BRCA2+ groups, respectively. The prevalence of lymph node metastasis was not markedly different between BRCA- (20.0%), BRCA1+ (18.4%) and BRCA2+ (26.2%). Multivariate analysis revealed an absence of a family history of ovarian cancer as an independent predictor for an increased risk of lymph node metastasis in BRCA1+, and the prevalence of lymph node metastasis was 11.7 and 42.0% in the groups with and without a family history of ovarian cancer, respectively. This subgroup without a family history of ovarian cancer did not show any correlation with a particular variant of BRCA1, including two common variants of c.188 T > A and c.2800C > T. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that certain genetic factors related to the penetrance of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome altered the frequency of lymph node metastasis in BRCA1+ ovarian cancer, and family history may be useful to personalize the indication of lymphadenectomy.

20.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 195: 105951, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the relationships of drooling with motor symptoms and nigrostriatal neuron loss in drug-naïve patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). We therefore examined the relationships of drooling with motor symptoms and striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) binding measured by [123-Iodine]-fluoropropyl-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-iodophenylnortropane) dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography(123I-FP-CIT SPECT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five untreated PD patients (14 men and 21 women with a mean age of 71.9 ±â€¯7.2 years) were included in this study. The patients were divided into a drooler group and non-drooler group. They underwent clinical assessments and 123I-FP-CIT SPECT imaging. Motor symptoms were assessed using Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS). RESULTS: The results showed that UPDRS motor score (p = 0.002) and akinetic-rigid score (p = 0.008) were higher and that striatal DAT availability (p = 0.03) was lower in the drooler group than in the non-drooler group. However, tremor score, age, and duration of PD showed no significant differences between the drooler group and non-drooler group. CONCLUSIONS: Drooling in untreated PD is related to an increase in motor symptoms (especially bradykinesia and axial symptoms) and to reduction of striatal DAT availability.

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