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1.
Heart Vessels ; 36(4): 509-517, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33123778

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to clarify the predictive factors of activities of daily living (ADL) at discharge in elderly patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Participants were selected from among 598 consecutive hospitalized HF patients based on certain criteria. We investigated patient characteristics, and ADL with the motor and cognitive items of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). We analyzed the data with the unpaired t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test, logistic regression analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. We included 154 patients for further analyses who were divided into the low ADL group (n = 75) and high ADL group (n = 79). There were significant differences between the two groups in age, long-term care insurance (LTCI) level, New York Heart Association class, creatinine level, albumin level, ß-blocker, sitting, standing and walking exercise start days, length of hospital stay, and motor- and cognitive-FIM scores at admission and discharge (p < 0.05). The cutoff values of the ROC curves predicting ADL at discharge were LTCL: support level 2 (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.672, p < 0.001, sensitivity: 0.573, false-positive rate: 0.278); walking exercise start day: 4.5 days (AUC 0.694, p < 0.001, sensitivity: 0.609, false-positive rate: 0.299); motor FIM score: 34.5 points (AUC 0.710, p < 0.001, sensitivity: 0.633, false-positive rate: 0.280); and cognitive FIM score: 28.5 points (AUC 0.806, p < 0.001, sensitivity: 0.759, false-positive rate: 0.227). This study revealed several predictors of ADL at discharge and their associated cutoff values in elderly patients with HFpEF.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Exercício Físico/fisiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Alta do Paciente , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842307

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This investigation aimed to examine the relationship among activities of daily living (ADL), nutritional status and 90-day hospital readmission in elderly heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: Participants were selected from 634 HF patients consecutively hospitalized at one institution. We investigated patient characteristics, ADL (motor and cognitive items of Functional Independence Measure (FIM)) and nutritional status (Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI)). Data were analyzed using unpaired t-test, χ2 test, Cox proportional hazard model, and Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The 169 participants that met inclusion criteria were divided into two groups based on hospital readmission within 90 days of discharge. Body mass index (BMI) (p = 0.03), hemoglobin (p = 0.047), GNRI (p = 0.02) and motor-FIM (p = 0.007) were significantly different between the readmission (n = 31) and non-readmission (n = 138) groups. After Cox proportional hazard model analysis, GNRI (HR: 0.96; p = 0.048) and motor-FIM (HR: 0.97; p = 0.03) scores remained statistically significant. Participants were then classified into four groups based on a previous study's cut-off values of prognosis for GNRI and motor-FIM. Readmission avoidance rate was significantly lower (p = 0.002) in the group with GNRI <92 and motor FIM <75. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that motor-FIM and GNRI scores for hospitalized elderly HF patients were predictors of readmission within 90 days of discharge.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Estado Nutricional , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
3.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(2): 344-350, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624858

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aims to examine the effect of differences in nutritional status on activities of daily living (ADL) and mobility recovery of hospitalized elderly patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: From among 377 consecutive HF patients who underwent rehabilitation at one acute-care hospital from January 2013 to August 2015, those who were aged ≥ 65 years could walk with assistance before hospitalization and who were hospitalized for the first time were included in this retrospective cohort study. Exclusion criteria were pacemaker surgery during hospitalization, change to other departments, death during hospitalization, and unmeasured ADL. We investigated patient characteristics, basic attributes, Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI), ADL [motor Functional Independence Measure (motor FIM)], and Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI). Of these 377 patients, 96 met the inclusion criteria and were divided into the low GNRI group (n = 38, 83.5 ± 8.3 years, 44.7% male) and high GNRI group (n = 58, 81.0 ± 6.6 years, 55.2%). Patient characteristics and the difference between motor ADL and motility recovery and nutrition data were analysed with unpaired t-test, χ2 test, and two-way analysis of covariance. In comparing the two groups, the following parameters were significantly lower in the low GNRI group than in the high GNRI group: body mass index (18.7 ± 2.2 vs. 23.2 ± 2.7 kg/m2 , P < 0.01), albumin (3.4 ± 0.4 vs. 3.8 ± 0.4 g/dL, P < 0.01), diabetes mellitus ratio (21.1% vs. 50.0%, P < 0.01), RMI at discharge (6.8 ± 2.6 vs. 8.2 ± 2.2, P = 0.01), and motor FIM at discharge (67.2 ± 19.5 vs. 75.6 ± 13.3, P = 0.02). RMI showed a significant group and term main effect and interaction effect (P < 0.05). Motor FIM showed a significant main effect of group and term (P < 0.05), and no significant interaction effect. CONCLUSIONS: Low nutritional status in hospitalized elderly HF patients affected their recovery of mobility but did not appear to affect the recovery of ADL.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/reabilitação , Estado Nutricional , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Morbidade/tendências , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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