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1.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 254-262, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173714

RESUMO

The effect of post-cardiac arrest care in children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has not been adequately established, and the long-term outcome after pediatric OHCA has not been sufficiently investigated. We describe here detailed in-hospital characteristics, actual management, and survival, including neurological status, 90 days after OHCA occurrence in children with OHCA transported to critical care medical centers (CCMCs).We analyzed the database of the Comprehensive Registry of Intensive Care for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study, which is a multicenter, prospective observational data registry designed to accumulate both pre- and in-hospital data on OHCA treatments. We enrolled all consecutive pediatric patients aged <18 years who had an OHCA and for whom resuscitation was attempted and who were transported to CCMCs between 2012 and 2016.A total of 263 pediatric patients with OHCA were enrolled. The average age of the patients was 6.3 years, 38.0% were aged < 1 year, and 60.8% were male. After hospital arrival, 4.9% of these pediatric patients received defibrillation; 1.9%, extracorporeal life support; 6.5%, target temperature management; and 88.2% adrenaline administration. The proportions of patients with 90-day survival and a pediatric cerebral performance category (PCPC) score of 1 or 2 were 6.1% and 1.9%, respectively. The proportion of patients with a PCPC score of 1 or 2 at 90 days after OHCA occurrence did not significantly improve during the study period.The proportion of pediatric patients with a 90-day PCPC score of 1 or 2 transported to CCMCs was extremely low, and no significant improvements were observed during the study period.

3.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 19(11): 1088-1095, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622019

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) characteristics of patients stratified by age who had resuscitation attempted and were transported to tertiary emergency medical institutions in Osaka Prefecture, Japan; especially those of advanced age. METHODS: A prospective, population-based, observational review was carried out of consecutive OHCA patients with emergency responder resuscitation attempts from July 2012 to December 2016 in Osaka, Japan. Patients were classified into four groups: (i) 18-64 years; (ii) 65-74 years; (iii) 75-84 years; and (iv) ≥85 years. Patient, event and treatment characteristics were examined for patients with presumed cardiac etiology of OHCA. The primary outcome was the 1-month survival with a neurologically favorable outcome. RESULTS: A total of 4636 patients with OHCA of presumed cardiac origin were transported to tertiary emergency medical institutions. The number of patients in the four groups was as follows: (i) 1290 (27.8%); (ii) 1102 (23.8%); (iii) 1420 (30.6%); and (iv) 824 (17.8%). The 1-month survival with a neurologically favorable outcome was: (i) 207 (16.0%); (ii) 96 (8.7%); (iii) 60 (4.2%); and (iv) seven (0.85%). In a multivariate analysis for 1-month survival with a neurologically favorable outcome, increased age was a significant prognostic factor (≥85 years; adjusted odds ratio 0.08, 95% confidence interval 0.03-0.23) for poor outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In this population, advanced age (≥85 years) was strongly associated with poor outcomes. Further discussion of policies directed at resuscitation of very elderly OHCA patients is required, considering limited medical resources and the rapidly aging population in Japan. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; 19: 1088-1095.

4.
Resuscitation ; 143: 165-172, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302105

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate whether intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use in nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is associated with favorable neurological outcome after OHCA. BACKGROUND: The association between the IABP use in OHCA patients and favorable neurological outcome has not been extensively evaluated. METHODS: The Comprehensive Registry of Intensive Cares for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study, a multicenter, prospective observational registry in Osaka, Japan, included consecutive nontraumatic OHCA patients aged ≥18 years who achieved ROSC from July 2012 to December 2016. The primary outcome was 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between the IABP use or non-IABP use and favorable neurological outcome using one-to-one propensity score (PS) matching analysis. RESULTS: Among the 2894 eligible patients, 10.4% used IABP, and 89.6% did not use IABP. In all patients, the proportion of 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome was higher in the IABP use group than in the non-IABP use group (30.7% [92/300] vs. 13.2% [342/2594]). However, in PS-matched patients, the proportions of 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome were almost consistent, and there were no significant differences between the IABP use group and the non-IABP use group (37.3% [59/158] vs. 41.1% [65/158]; adjusted odds ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-1.96). CONCLUSIONS: In this population, the current PS matching analysis did not reveal any association between the IABP use and 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome among adult patients with ROSC after OHCA.

5.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619848883, 2019 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31081678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between serum potassium level on hospital arrival and neurological outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We investigated whether the serum potassium level on hospital arrival had prognostic indications for patients with OHCA. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter observational study conducted in Osaka, Japan (CRITICAL study) enrolled consecutive patients with OHCA transported to 14 participating institutions from 2012 to 2016. We included adult patients aged ⩾18 years with OHCA of cardiac origin who achieved return of spontaneous circulation and whose serum potassium level on hospital arrival was available. Based on the serum potassium level, patients were divided into four quartiles: Q1 (K ⩽3.8 mEq/L), Q2 (3.8< K⩽4.5 mEq/L), Q3 (4.5< K⩽5.6 mEq/L) and Q4 (K >5.6 mEq/L). The primary outcome was one-month survival with favorable neurological outcome, defined as cerebral performance category scale 1 or 2. RESULTS: A total of 9822 patients were registered, and 1516 of these were eligible for analyses. The highest proportion of favorable neurological outcome was 44.8% (189/422) in Q1 group, followed by 30.3% (103/340), 11.7% (44/375) and 4.5% (17/379) in the Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups, respectively ( p<0.001). In the multivariable analysis, the proportion of favorable neurological outcome decreased as the serum potassium level increased ( p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: High serum potassium level was significantly and dose-dependently associated with poor neurological outcome. Serum potassium on hospital arrival would be one of the effective prognostic indications for OHCA achieving return of spontaneous circulation.

6.
Resuscitation ; 133: 82-87, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been insufficiently investigated whether neurological function after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) would differ by 1 °C change in ordered target temperature of 33-36 °C among patients undergoing targeted temperature management (TTM) in the real-world setting. METHODS: This nationwide hospital-based observational study (The Japanese Association for Acute Medicine-OHCA Registry) conducted between June 2014 and December 2015 in Japan included OHCA patients aged ≥18 years who were treated with TTM. The primary outcome was one-month survival with neurologically favorable outcomes defined by cerebral performance category 1 or 2. To investigate the effect of TTM by 1 °C change in ordered target temperature of 33-36 °C on each outcome, random effects logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The final analysis included 738 patients. The proportion of patients with neurologically favorable outcome was 30.4% (7/23), 31.7% (175/552), 28.9% (11/38), and 30.4% (38/125) in the 33 °C, 34 °C, 35 °C, and 36 °C groups, respectively. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, no group had a higher proportion of neurologically favorable outcome compared with the 34 °C group (vs. 33 °C group, adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 0.90; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.25-3.12, vs. 35 °C group, AOR 1.17; 95% CI 0.44-3.13, vs. 36 °C group, AOR 1.26; 95% CI 0.78-2.02). CONCLUSIONS: In this population, we evaluated the difference in outcomes after adult OHCA patients received TTM by 1 °C change in ordered target temperature of 33-36 °C and demonstrated that there was no statistically significant difference in neurologically favorable outcomes after OHCA irrespective of target temperature.


Assuntos
Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/terapia , Temperatura Ambiente , Adulto , Idoso , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 25(10): 1076-1085, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29563393

RESUMO

We report a case of Tangier disease with Leriche syndrome and bleeding tendency. In this male patient, nasal hemorrhage had been observed frequently throughout childhood. At 46 years old, he experienced effort angina, and coronary angiography demonstrated 75% stenosis in the right coronary artery. Orange-colored tonsils, mild hepatosplenomegaly and very low levels of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were observed, and the patient was diagnosed with Tangier disease. At 52 years old, effort angina recurred. Coronary angiography revealed 75% stenosis of the left main trunk, left anterior descending, and right coronary arteries. Stenosis of the brachiocephalic and right common iliac arteries was also recorded. Stents were implanted, and coronary artery bypass surgery was performed. At 53 years old, 15 months after surgery, the patient reported intermittent claudication, coldness of feet, and impotence. Aortic angiography showed progression of the stenosis at the bifurcation of the common iliac artery. The patient was diagnosed with Leriche syndrome, and aorta-left external iliac artery graft bypass surgery was performed. After surgery, oozing from subcutaneous tissue and leaking from the anastomotic region were observed. Additional analysis revealed two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (V825I and N935T) in the ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, and accumulation of small dense low-density lipoprotein together with low levels of HDL-C. In Tangier disease, HDL-C is markedly decreased because of ABCA1 deficiency. However, this is the first reported case to exhibit extensive atherosclerosis and bleeding tendency. This patient had atypical extensive and multiple atherosclerotic lesions, accompanied by Leriche syndrome and uncontrollable bleeding.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doença de Tangier/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
8.
PLoS One ; 10(3): e0121078, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25781957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms (PAs) have been recognized as the cause of delayed hemorrhage complicated with nonoperative management (NOM), although the need for intervention in patients with small-sized PAs and the relationship between the occurrence of PAs and bed-rest has been also unclear. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical history of small-sized PAs (less than 10 mm in diameter) which occurred in abdominal solid organs, and to analyze the relationship between the occurrence of PAs and early mobilization from bed. METHODS: Sixty-two patients who were successfully managed with NOM were investigated. Mobilization within three days post-injury was defined as "early mobilization" and bed-rest lasting over three days was defined as "late mobilization." A comparison of the clinical factors, including the duration of bed-rest between patients with and without PAs detected by follow-up CT was performed. Furthermore, a multiple logistic regression model analysis on the occurrence of PAs was performed. RESULTS: PAs were detected in 7 of the 62 patients. The One patient with PAs measuring larger than 10 mm received trans-arterial embolization, and the remaining six patients with PAs smaller than 10 mm were managed conservatively. Consequently, no delayed hemorrhage occurred, and the PAs spontaneously disappeared in all of the six patients managed without intervention. The multiple regression model analysis revealed that early mobilization was not a significant factor predicting new-onset PAs. CONCLUSIONS: Small PAs can be expected to disappear spontaneously. Moreover, early mobilization is not a significant risk factor for the occurrence of PAs.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/terapia , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Traumatismos Abdominais/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Falso Aneurisma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/patologia
9.
Acute Med Surg ; 2(4): 257-259, 2015 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29123734

RESUMO

Case: A 64-year-old man was injured after falling from a height of 5 m and was transported to our institution. On presentation, his hemodynamic state was unstable, and both focused assessment with sonography for trauma and enhanced computed tomography imaging revealed massive left pleural effusion, but no pericardial effusion. He went into cardiopulmonary arrest just before surgery, so an urgent left anterolateral thoracotomy followed by open chest cardiac massage and aortic clamping were carried out. By performing an additional right anterior thoracotomy, a left pleuropericardial laceration and a perforation measuring 1 cm in diameter at the left ventricle were found. The patient's dynamic state stabilized following the restoration of hemostasis by suturing the rupture site. Outcome: The patient's postoperative course was favorable, and he was discharged after 20 days of hospitalization. Conclusion: Blunt cardiac and pericardial injury rarely causes massive hemothorax with no hemopericardium, resulting in hemorrhagic shock.

10.
J Cardiol Cases ; 1(3): e147-e150, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30524525

RESUMO

A 31-year-old man suddenly collapsed at work. His colleagues witnessed the event, applied basic life support, and called for an ambulance. After the ambulance arrived, the initial rhythm was confirmed as ventricular fibrillation (VF) and he was defibrillated with an automated external defibrillator. Spontaneous circulation was regained at 8 min after collapse. He was thought to be a good candidate for therapeutic hypothermia because he was comatose and had survived outside hospital VF cardiac arrest due to cardiac etiology. However, he was taking immunosuppressive drugs after undergoing a kidney transplant. We obtained written, informed consent from the patient's family to start therapeutic hypothermia at 33.5-34.5 °C for 48 h, although he was at high risk for such induction. Serious complications and neurological deficits did not develop and the patient was referred to another hospital on day 42 for implantation with a cardioverter defibrillator.

12.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 105(3): 240-50, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17965538

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to elucidate the pathogenic role of endogenous 5-HT in pancreatitis. Injections of cerulein at hourly intervals caused edematous pancreatitis in mice characterized by hyperenzymemia and histological alterations. While the cerulein-induced hyperenzymemia was attenuated in mice pretreated with p-CPA, a 5-HT depletor, it was exaggerated by the preferential 5-HT2A agonist (DOI), but not by the preferential 5-HT2B agonist (BW723C86) or the preferential 5-HT2C agonist (mCPP). Selective 5-HT2A antagonists (risperidone, spiperone, ketanserin, AMI-193, and MDL 11,939) dose-dependently attenuated the hyperenzymemia; and their potency order, excepting that of ketanserin which has considerable affinity at the 5-HT2C receptor as well, paralleled their reported pKi values at the 5-HT2A receptor. Selective 5-HT2B (SB204741) and 5-HT2C (SB242084) antagonists hardly affected the hyperenzymemia. Although the non-selective 5-HT2A/2B/2C antagonists (metergoline, ritanserin, and methysergide) dose-dependently attenuated the hyperenzymemia, they were relatively less potent compared to their high pKi values at the 5-HT2A receptor. In another set of experiments, risperidone, but not SB204741 and SB242084, dose-dependently reversed the cerulein-induced histological alteration of the pancreas (inflammatory cell infiltration). These results suggest that endogenously released 5-HT activates 5-HT2A receptors to aggravate cerulein-induced pancreatitis. We propose that selective 5-HT2A antagonists may provide a new therapy for acute pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Ceruletídeo/toxicidade , Pancreatite/induzido quimicamente , Receptor 5-HT2A de Serotonina/fisiologia , Serotonina/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Amilases/sangue , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Pâncreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pâncreas/patologia , Receptores da Colecistocinina/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores da Colecistocinina/fisiologia , Antagonistas da Serotonina/farmacologia , Agonistas do Receptor de Serotonina/farmacologia , Compostos de Espiro/farmacologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17102371

RESUMO

We constructed a safety management system for narcotic drug use by using an RFID tag with barcode. In this system, RFID tags are mainly used for postscript of information, while barcodes, especially standardized unit drug codes for distribution, are used for drug identification. The outline of the system is described in the present paper.


Assuntos
Administração de Materiais no Hospital/métodos , Entorpecentes , Gestão da Segurança/organização & administração , Processamento Eletrônico de Dados , Humanos , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar , Ondas de Rádio
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