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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 393-399, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892592

RESUMO

AIM: This study was performed to confirm the superior overall survival (OS) after pulmonary oligo-recurrence compared to pulmonary sync-oligometastases in a large nationwide study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients that met the following criteria were included: 1 to 5 lung-only metastases at the beginning of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) was performed between January 2004 and June 2015, and the biological effective dose (BED) of SBRT was 75 Gy or more. The parameters included in the analyses were age, gender, ECOG PS, primary lesion, pathology, oligoetastatic state, SBRT date, chemotherapy before SBRT, chemotherapy concurrent SBRT, chemotherapy after SBRT, maximum tumor diameter, number of metastases, field coplanarity, dose prescription, BED10, OTT of SBRT. RESULTS: In total, 1,378 patients with 1,547 tumors were enrolled. Oligo-recurrence occurred in 1,016 patients, sync-oligometastases in 118, and unclassified oligometastases in 121. The three-year OS was 64.0% for oligo-recurrence and 47.5% for sync-oligometastasis (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, the hazard ratio (HR) for sync-oligometastases versus oligo-recurrence was 1.601 (p=0.014). Adverse events of Grade 5 were occurred in 3 patients. CONCLUSION: This is the first nationwide to indicate that the OS of patients with pulmonary oligo-recurrence is better than that of patients with sync-oligometastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Radiocirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Adulto Jovem
2.
Med Phys ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863483

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aim to develop a method to predict the gamma passing rate (GPR) of a three-dimensional (3D) dose distribution measured by the Delta4 detector system using the dose uncertainty potential (DUP) accumulation model. METHODS: Sixty head-and-neck intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment plans were created in the XiO treatment planning system. All plans were created using nine step-and-shoot beams of the ONCOR linear accelerator. Verification plans were created and measured by the Delta4 system. The planar DUP (pDUP) manifesting on a field edge was generated from the segmental aperture shape with a Gaussian folding on the beam's-eye view. The DUP at each voxel ( u ) was calculated by projecting the pDUP on the Delta4 phantom with its attenuation considered. The learning model (LM), an average GPR as a function of the DUP, was approximated by an exponential function a GPR u = e - q u to compensate for the low statistics of the learning data due to a finite number of the detectors. The coefficient q was optimized to ensure that the difference between the measured and predicted GPRs ( d GPR ) was minimized. The standard deviation (SD) of the d GPR was evaluated for the optimized LM. RESULTS: It was confirmed that the coefficient q was larger for tighter tolerance. This result corresponds to the expectation that the attenuation of the a GPR u will be large for tighter tolerance. The p GPR and m GPR were observed to be proportional for all tolerances investigated. The SD of d GPR was 2.3, 4.1, and 6.7% for tolerances of 3%/3 mm, 3%/2 mm, 2%/2 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION: The DUP-based predicting method of the GPR was extended to 3D by introducing DUP attenuation and an optimized analytical LM to compensate for the low statistics of the learning data due to a finite number of detector elements. The precision of the predicted GPR is expected to be improved by improving the LM and by involving other metrics.

3.
Urol Int ; 103(2): 125-136, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31039571

RESUMO

We conducted a review of the literature to identify the clinical benefits of pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) during radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer. The most recent guidelines recommend PLND, particularly extended PLND, during radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. PLND is undoubtedly the most accurate method for nodal staging, and most patients, particularly those with high-risk cancer, are likely to undergo PLND during radical prostatectomy. Although many retrospective studies have assessed oncologic outcomes after PLND, its therapeutic benefit remains controversial. Patients with positive node(s) often have other more common unfavorable prognostic factors, such as seminal vesicle invasion, extra-prostatic extension, and positive surgical margins. Oncologic outcomes in patients who have not undergone PLND and those who have undergone PLND are almost identical. If an effective standard adjuvant therapy after prostatectomy is defined, the nodal status may be important and valuable. However, adjuvant treatment strategies for patients with a positive node have not been identified thus far. Therefore, determining the nodal status at surgery may not provide therapeutic benefit. PLND requires additional surgical time and is associated with several complications. Therefore, the indication for PLND should be considered carefully until well-designed prospective randomized trials establish high-quality clinical evidence.

4.
Med Phys ; 46(2): 999-1005, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30536878

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) utilizes many small fields for producing a uniform dose distribution. Therefore, there are many field junctions in the target region, and resulting dose uncertainties are accumulated. However, such accumulation of the dose uncertainty has not been implemented in the current practice of IMRT dose verification. The purpose of this study is to develop a method to predict the gamma passing rate (GPR) using a dose uncertainty accumulation model. METHODS: Thirty-three intensity-modulated (IM) beams for head-and-neck cases with step-and-shoot techniques were used in this study. The treatment plan was created using the XiO treatment planning system (TPS). The IM beam was produced by the ONCOR Impression Plus linear accelerator. MapCHECK was used to measure the dose distribution. The distribution of a dose uncertainty potential (DUP) was generated by in-house software that accumulated field shapes weighted by a segmental monitor unit, followed by Gaussian folding. The width of the Gaussian was determined from the width of the lateral penumbra. The dose difference between the calculated and measured doses was compared with the estimated DUP at each point. The GPR of each beam was predicted for 2%/2-mm, 3%/2-mm, and 3%/3-mm tolerances by its own DUP histogram and a GPR-vs-DUP correlation of other beams using the leave-one-out cross-validation method. The predicted GPR was compared with the measured GPR to evaluate the performance of this prediction method. The criteria for the predicted GPR corresponding to a measured GPR ≥ 90% were estimated to examine the feasibility of estimating the measured GPR by this GPR prediction method. RESULTS: The DUP was confirmed to have proportionality to the standard deviation (SD) of the dose difference. The SDs of the difference between the measured and predicted GPRs were 3.1, 1.7, and 1.4% for 2%/2-mm, 3%/2-mm, and 3%/3-mm tolerances, respectively. The criteria of the predicted GPR corresponding to the measured GPR ≥ 90% were 94.1 and 95.0% with confidence levels of 99 and 99.9%, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study, we confirmed the good proportionality between the dose difference and the estimated DUP. The results showed a feasibility to predict the dose difference from DUP as estimated by a DUP accumulation model. The predicted GPR developed in this study showed good accuracy for planar dose distributions of head and neck IMRT. The prediction method developed in this study is considered to be feasible as a substitute for the current practice of measurement-based verification of the dose distribution with gamma analysis.


Assuntos
Raios gama , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/instrumentação , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Radiometria/métodos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Incerteza
5.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 34(7): 1092-1103, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29108446

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of deep regional hyperthermia with the use of mobile insulator sheets in a capacitively coupled heating device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The heat was applied using an 8-MHz radiofrequency-capacitive device. The insulator sheet was inserted between the regular bolus and cooled overlay bolus in each of upper and lower side of the electrode. Several settings using the insulator sheets were investigated in an experimental study using an agar phantom to evaluate the temperature distributions. The specific absorption rate (SAR) distributions in several organs were also computed for the three-dimensional patient model. In a clinical prospective study, a total of five heating sessions were scheduled for the pelvic tumours, to assess the thermal parameters. The conventional setting was used during the first, third and fifth treatment sessions, and insulator sheets were used during the second and fourth treatment sessions. RESULTS: In the phantom study, the higher heating area improved towards the centre when the mobile insulator sheets were used. The subcutaneous fat/target ratios for the averaged SARs in the setting with the mobile insulator (median, 2.5) were significantly improved compared with those in the conventional setting (median, 3.4). In the clinical study, the thermal dose parameters of CEM43°CT90 in the sessions with the mobile insulator sheets (median, 1.9 min) were significantly better than those in the sessions using a conventional setting (median, 1.0 min). CONCLUSIONS: Our novel heating method using mobile insulator sheets was thus found to improve the thermal dose parameters. Further investigations are expected.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Niacina/uso terapêutico , Imagens de Fantasmas/normas , Salicilatos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
J Radiat Res ; 59(1): 58-66, 2018 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29182763

RESUMO

A new concept designated 'oligo-recurrence (OR)' has been proposed, which indicates one to several distant metastases/recurrences in one or more organs, which can be treated with local therapy, after the primary site of the cancer has been controlled. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of salvage radiotherapy (RT) for the second OR of breast cancer. The second OR was defined as once-salvaged patients with OR who had a second failure that was also detected as the state of OR. Twenty-one patients with second OR were treated with salvage RT and were retrospectively analyzed. The sites of the second OR were locoregional recurrence in 7 patients and distant metastasis in 14 patients. Salvage RT was performed at a median total dose of 60 Gy. Nineteen (90%) patients had an objective response. The median overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS) times were 41 and 24 months after salvage RT for the second OR, respectively. The 3-year local (in-field) control (LC) rates were 93%. The toxicities were mild; acute toxicities ≥Grade 3 were seen in one patient with Grade 3 dermatitis, and no late toxicity ≥Grade 2 was observed. In conclusion, salvage RT for the second OR was able to achieve a better LC rate and longer PFS time without inducing severe toxicity, and therefore may be a potentially effective modality for inducing long-term survival in select patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Terapia de Salvação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Anticancer Res ; 37(5): 2575-2579, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28476829

RESUMO

AIM: We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of salvage radiotherapy for solitary metachronous bone metastasis (SMBM) in patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 17 patients with SMBM who were treated with salvage radiotherapy. First failure was detected as SMBM in all patients. Salvage radiotherapy using three-dimensional treatment planning was performed at a median total dose of 50 Gy. Median daily dose was 2.0 Gy. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 40 months. Local recurrence of SMBM was noted in only two patients. The 3-year overall survival, progression-free survival, and local control rates were 93%, 51%, and 85%, respectively. Median overall and progression-free survival were 74 and 30 months, respectively. Toxicities were mild, and bone fractures were not observed. CONCLUSION: Salvage radiotherapy for SMBM was able to achieve higher local control rates without severe toxicity, as well as to provide longer progression-free survival; therefore, this may be an effective modality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Terapia de Salvação , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Terapia de Salvação/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
J Radiat Res ; 58(3): 351-356, 2017 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27864508

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of radiotherapy (RT) using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) boosts after hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy with chemotherapy in patients with glioblastoma. Twenty-four patients with glioblastoma were treated with the combined therapy, which was RT using IMRT boosts after HBO with chemotherapy, and were retrospectively analyzed. The RT protocol was as follows: first, 3D conformal RT [40 Gy/20 fractions (fr)] was delivered to the gross tumor volume (GTV) and the surrounding edema, including an additional 1.5-2.0 cm. The IMRT boost doses were then continuously delivered to the GTV plus 5 mm (28 Gy/8 fr) and the surrounding edema (16 Gy/8 fr). Each IMRT boost session was performed immediately after HBO to achieve radiosensitization. The planned RT dose was completed in all patients, while HBO therapy was terminated in one patient (4%) due to Grade 2 aural pain. The toxicities were mild, no non-hematological toxicity of Grade 3-5 was observed. The 2-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival rates in all patients were 46.5% and 35.4%, respectively. The median OS time was 22.1 months. In conclusion, the combined therapy of RT using IMRT boosts after HBO with chemotherapy was a feasible and promising treatment modality for patients with glioblastoma. The results justify further evaluation to clarify the benefits of this therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/terapia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
9.
Springerplus ; 4: 446, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26322252

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the overall treatment time and completion rates of chemotherapy were predictive factors for the survival rates in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) who were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) using hyperfractionated radiotherapy (RT) and daily carboplatin. The number of intermission days of RT were as follows; 0 (n = 37), 1-5 (n = 8), 6-10 (n = 12) and ≥11 (n = 12), and the days of RT without carboplatin; 0 (n = 27), 1-5 (n = 13), 6-10 (n = 13) and ≥7 (n = 16). The overall treatment time (≤48 vs ≥49 days) was a significant prognostic factor for the local control, disease-free survival and overall survival rates. The completion rate of chemotherapy, as the number of days of RT without carboplatin, was not a significant factor affecting any of the survival rates. In discussion, the strengths of the present study contain that all the patients were treated with 72 Gy delivered as 1.2 Gy twice daily, and received concurrent chemotherapy comprising daily carboplatin as a radio-sensitizer. Based on the results, the completion rate of chemotherapy may have a lower impact on the local control rate in comparison with the overall treatment time. We believe that when a treatment interruption is needed because of the acute toxicities, hyperfractionated RT should be resumed as soon as possible independently while continuing the break of daily carboplatin. The overall treatment time influenced the clinical outcomes in SCCHN patients treated with hyperfractionated CCRT using carboplatin, while the impact of the completion rates of daily carboplatin was limited. Sixty-nine consecutive patients with SCCHN were initially treated with definitive CCRT and were retrospectively analyzed. All 69 patients were treated with CCRT using hyperfractionated RT of 72 Gy in 60 fractions and daily carboplatin (25 mg/m(2)). The patients treated with other chemotherapeutic regimens or induction chemotherapy were excluded. On the intermission days of the RT, carboplatin was not prescribed. After the intermission, CCRT using RT plus daily carboplatin or RT alone was resumed.

10.
Int J Hyperthermia ; : 1-9, 2015 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26274023

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of definitive radiotherapy (RT) plus regional hyperthermia (HT) and investigate the potential contribution of HT to clinical outcomes in patients with prostate carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following our institution's treatment protocol, HT was combined with RT to improve clinical outcomes in selected patients with high-risk or very high-risk prostate cancer. Data from 82 patients treated with RT plus HT and 64 patients treated with RT alone were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Median follow-up duration was 61 months. The 5-year biochemical disease-free survival (bDFS) rate for the 82 patients treated with RT plus HT was 78%, whereas bDFS for the 64 patients treated with RT alone was 72%; this difference was not significant. Among the 75 patients treated with RT plus HT who underwent intra-rectal temperature measurements, higher thermal parameters were significant prognostic indicators of improved bDFS by univariate analysis. A higher CEM43 °CT90 thermal parameter and a T stage of T1-2 were significant prognostic factors based on multivariate analysis. The 5-year bDFS rates for the 40 patients with a higher CEM43 °CT90 and the 64 patients treated with RT alone were significantly different, whereas 5-year bDFS for the 35 patients with a lower CEM43 °CT90 and the 64 patients treated with RT alone were not. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of HT with higher thermal parameters to RT may improve bDFS for patients with high-risk or very high-risk prostate cancer. These findings also demonstrate the importance of careful selection of treatable patients with higher thermal parameters.

11.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 31(6): 600-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26287946

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of definitive radiotherapy (RT) plus regional hyperthermia (HT) and investigate the potential contribution of HT to clinical outcomes in patients with prostate carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following our institution's treatment protocol, HT was combined with RT to improve clinical outcomes in selected patients with high-risk or very high-risk prostate cancer. Data from 82 patients treated with RT plus HT and 64 patients treated with RT alone were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: Median follow-up duration was 61 months. The 5-year biochemical disease-free survival (bDFS) rate for the 82 patients treated with RT plus HT was 78%, whereas bDFS for the 64 patients treated with RT alone was 72%; this difference was not significant. Among the 75 patients treated with RT plus HT who underwent intra-rectal temperature measurements, higher thermal parameters were significant prognostic indicators of improved bDFS by univariate analysis. A higher CEM43 °CT90 thermal parameter and a T stage of T1-2 were significant prognostic factors based on multivariate analysis. The 5-year bDFS rates for the 40 patients with a higher CEM43 °CT90 and the 64 patients treated with RT alone were significantly different, whereas 5-year bDFS for the 35 patients with a lower CEM43 °CT90 and the 64 patients treated with RT alone were not. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of HT with higher thermal parameters to RT may improve bDFS for patients with high-risk or very high-risk prostate cancer. These findings also demonstrate the importance of careful selection of treatable patients with higher thermal parameters.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Temperatura Corporal , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Springerplus ; 4: 347, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26191474

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the modifications of the tumor stage and clinical target volume following a prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the tumor (T) staging, and the clinical benefits for prostate cancer. METHODS: A total of 410 patients with newly diagnosed and clinically localized prostate cancer were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were treated with definitive three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT). In all of the patients, digital rectal examination, transrectal ultrasound, prostate biopsy and computed tomography were performed to evaluate the clinical stage. Of the 410 patients, 189 patients had undergone a prostate MRI study to evaluate the T staging, and 221 patients had not. RESULTS: Modification of the T stage after the prostate MRI was seen in 39 (25%) of the 157 evaluable patients, and a modification of the risk group was made in 14 (9%) patients. Eventually, a modification of the CTV in 3D-CRT planning was made in 13 (8%) patients, and 10 of these had extracapsular disease. Most of the other modifications of the T staging were associated with intracapsular lesions of prostate cancer which did not change the CTV. There were no significant differences in the biological relapse-free survival between the patients with and without a prostate MRI study. CONCLUSIONS: Modification of the CTV were recognized in only 8% of the patients, most of whom had extracapsular disease, although that of the T stage was seen in approximately one-quarter of the patients. Prostate MRI should only be selected for patients with a high probability of extracapsular involvement.

13.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 31(6): 643-8, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26156211

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) on the enhancement of hyperthermic chemosensitisation to carboplatin at mild temperatures in experimental tumours. METHODS: SCCVII carcinoma in C3H/He mice was used to assess tumour growth delay. The mice received intraperitoneal injections of carboplatin. For HBO treatment, the mice were exposed to HBO at 2.0 atmospheres of absolute oxygen for 60 min. For mild hyperthermia (HT), treatment at 41.5 °C for 30 min was performed. The tumour tissue pO2 levels were measured with a digital pO2 monitor during and immediately after treatment. RESULTS: The average time taken to reach a threefold relative tumour size was significantly longer after treatment with carboplatin combined with mild HT and HBO than after treatment with carboplatin and mild HT. The relative sizes of the tumours after the combined treatment were smallest when the treatment sequence was carboplatin, mild HT, and HBO. The tumour tissue pO2 values were significantly higher immediately after mild HT followed by HBO than immediately after HBO followed by mild HT. The tumour tissue pO2 levels during mild HT and HBO generally increased, although the patterns of the increases varied. CONCLUSION: The administration of HBO increased the effects of hyperthermic chemosensitisation to carboplatin at mild temperatures on experimental tumours, particularly when given in the sequence of carboplatin, mild HT, and HBO, a finding that supports previous clinical outcomes for a novel combined therapy using carboplatin plus HT and HBO.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Hipertermia Induzida , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C3H , Oxigênio/metabolismo
14.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 20(1): 45-52, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24610080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association between subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD) and fatal radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with thoracic tumors treated with thoracic radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Sixty-two consecutive patients with thoracic tumors treated with thoracic RT were retrospectively analyzed. According to our protocols, patients with subclinical ILD (untreated and asymptomatic) were considered to be indicated for thoracic RT, while patients with clinical ILD (post- or during treatment) were not considered candidates for thoracic RT. The presence, extent and distribution of subclinical ILD on CT findings at pre-thoracic RT were reviewed and scored by two chest radiologists. The relationships between RP and clinical factors, including subclinical ILD, were investigated. RESULTS: Subclinical ILD was recognized in 11 (18 %) of the 62 patients. Grade 2-5 RP was recognized in eight (13 %) of the 62 patients, with Grade 5 in three patients and Grade 2 in five patients. Grade 2-5 RP was observed in four (36 %) of the 11 patients with subclinical ILD. Subclinical ILD was found to be a significant factor influencing the development of Grade 2-5 RP (p = 0.0274). Subclinical ILD tended to be significant for the occurrence of Grade 5 RP (p = 0.0785). Regarding the CT score, more extensive ILD (bilateral fibrosis in multiple lobes) was recognized in two of the three patients with Grade 5 RP. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, fatal RP tended to be more common in the patients with subclinical ILD. In particular, the presence of extensive fibrosis on CT may be a contraindication for thoracic RT.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Pneumonite por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Lung Cancer ; 82(2): 260-5, 2013 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24054547

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the toxicity and efficacy of thoracic stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with subclinical interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred patients with 124 lung tumors were treated with SBRT at our institution according to our own protocols; patients with subclinical (untreated and oxygen-free) ILD were treated with SBRT, while those with clinical ILD (post- or under treatment) were not. The administration of 48 Gy in four fractions was used in 103 (83%) of the 124 tumors. The presence of subclinical ILD in the pre-SBRT CT findings was reviewed by two chest radiologists. The relationships between radiation pneumonitis (RP) and clinical factors were investigated. RESULTS: Subclinical ILD was recognized in 16 (16%) of 100 patients. Grade 2-5 RP was recognized in 13 (13%) of 100 patients. Grade 2-5 RP was observed in three (19%) of 16 patients with subclinical ILD. Subclinical ILD was not found to be a significant factor influencing Grade 2-5 RP; however, extensive RP beyond the irradiated field, including the contralateral lung, was recognized in only three patients with subclinical ILD, and the rate of extensive RP was significantly high in the patients with subclinical ILD. Grade 4 or 5 extensive RP was recognized in only two patients with subclinical ILD. Dosimetric factors of the lungs (V5, V10, V15, V20, V25, MLD) were significantly associated with Grade 2-5 RP. The three-year overall survival and local control rates of all patients were 53% and 86%, respectively. No significant differences were seen in either overall survival or local control rates between the patients with ILD and those without ILD. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical ILD was not found to be a significant factor for Grade 2-5 RP or clinical outcomes in the current study; however, uncommon extensive RP can occur in patients with subclinical ILD.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonite por Radiação/patologia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral
16.
Radiat Oncol ; 8: 166, 2013 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23829540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy and tolerability of palliative radiotherapy (RT) in patients with a poor performance status (PS) and to evaluate the relationship between the palliative effect and survival time. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three patients with a poor PS (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 3 or 4) were treated with palliative RT using the three-dimensional conformal technique and retrospectively analyzed. Each patient's primary symptom treated with palliative RT as the major cause of the poor PS was evaluated using the second item of the Support Team Assessment Schedule (STAS) at the start and one week after the completion of palliative RT. RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen (86%) of the 133 patients completed the planned palliative radiation dose. Grade 3 acute toxicity was observed in two patients (2%) and Grade 2 acute toxicity was observed in 10 patients (9%). No Grade 2 or higher late toxicities were observed, except for Grade 3 radiation pneumonitis in one patient. Improvement in the STAS scores between pre- and post-palliative RT was recorded in 76 (61%) of the 125 patients with available scores of STAS. A significant improvement in the mean STAS score between pre- and post-palliative RT was recognized (p < 0.0001). Improvement in the STAS score was found to be the most statistically significant prognostic factor for overall survival after palliative RT in both the multivariate and univariate analyses. The median overall survival time in the patients with an improvement in the STAS score was 6.4 months, while that in the patients without improvement was 2.4 months (p < 0.0005). CONCLUSIONS: Palliative RT in patients with a poor PS provides symptomatic benefits in more than half of patients without inducing severe toxicities. The palliative effect is strongly correlated with prolongation of the survival time and may contribute to improving the remaining survival time in patients with metastatic/advanced cancer with a poor PS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/radioterapia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Radioterapia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
J Radiat Res ; 54(2): 322-9, 2013 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23179378

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of definitive radiotherapy (RT) for the recurrence of epithelial ovarian cancer, which is limited to one or two gross regions, after complete remission had been achieved with aggressive front-line therapy. Twenty-seven patients were treated with definitive RT and were retrospectively analyzed. Their median tumor size was 3.0 cm. Twenty-six (96%) patients received external irradiation at a median total dose of 60 Gy, and a median daily dose of 2 Gy. Only two patients received intracavitary brachytherapy. Twenty (74%) of the 27 patients received systemic chemotherapy for the treatment of a limited recurrent tumor followed by definitive RT. Six (22%) of the patients received concurrent chemotherapy and seven (26%) of the patients also underwent regional hyperthermia during definitive RT. Twenty-two (82%) patients had an objective response (CR: 11, PR: 11). The 2-year overall survival, progression-free survival and local (in-field) control rates after RT were 53%, 39% and 96%, respectively. The toxicities were mild, no Grade 3 or higher toxicity was observed in any of the patients. The tumor size( < 3 cm), period between front-line therapy and RT (≥2 year) and objective tumor response (CR) were significant prognostic factors of the overall survival rate. In conclusion, definitive RT for limited recurrence of epithelial ovarian cancer achieves a better local control rate without severe toxicity, and it may therefore be a potentially effective modality for inducing long-term survival in selected patients.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/radioterapia , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radioterapia Conformacional/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Radiat Res ; 53(5): 735-41, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22843374

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of definitive three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (RT) for isolated para-aortic lymph node (LN) recurrence in patients with controlled primary cancer of the pelvis. Twenty-four consecutive patients with isolated para-aortic LN recurrence were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were included in this study if they were eligible to receive definitive RT for abdominal para-aortic LN recurrence with controlled primary cancer of the pelvis without other distant/recurrent diseases. The median time between the front-line therapy and RT for isolated para-aortic LN metastases was 21 months. Nineteen (79%) patients had an objective tumor response. In-field failure occurred in four patients (17%), while failure outside of the irradiated field was recognized in 12 patients (50%). The overall survival, progression-free survival and local control rates at 5 years were 56%, 29% and 72%, respectively. Statistically significant prognostic factors of the overall survival rate in the univariate analyses were an objective tumor response (P = 0.0098) and the time between front-line therapy and RT (P = 0.033). The maximum tumor size was a significant prognostic factor of the overall survival rates in the multivariate analyses (P = 0.046). The toxicities were mild; leukopenia of Grade 3 was detected in one patient, and no Grade 3 or higher non-hematological toxicity was observed. In conclusion, definitive three-dimensional RT for isolated abdominal para-aortic LN recurrence in patients with controlled primary cancer of the pelvis may be feasible, and can provide a relatively longer-term survival. The results justify further investigation of higher dose RT using modern RT planning techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pélvicas/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pélvicas/tratamento farmacológico , Radioterapia Conformacional , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Lung Cancer ; 77(1): 140-5, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22445656

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the toxicity and efficacy of re-irradiation plus regional hyperthermia for recurrent NSCLC and to identify the predictors of long-term survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 33 patients with recurrent NSCLC treated with re-irradiation plus regional hyperthermia were retrospectively analyzed. The median total dose of initial radiotherapy and re-irradiation were 70 Gy and 50 Gy, respectively. A median of 5 hyperthermia treatments using an 8-MHz radiofrequency-capacitive device were applied during re-irradiation in all patients. RESULTS: Toxicity of Grade 3 was seen in 3 (9%) patients, and no Grade 4 or 5 toxicity was observed. The median overall survival, local control, and disease progression-free survival times after re-irradiation were 18.1, 12.1, and 6.7 months, respectively. Eight patients achieved a long-term survival (more than 3 years after re-irradiation), and 4 of them underwent a third round of irradiation for re-recurrent tumors. Univariate analyses showed that a smaller tumor size (<4 cm) and the absence of distant metastases were significant predictors for a better overall survival. The absence of distant metastases was also found to be a significant predictor for better disease progression-free survival in the univariate analyses. In the subset analyses of 23 patients treated with hyperthermia using electrodes of 30 cm in diameter, the use of a higher radiofrequency-output power tended to be associated with a better prognosis in terms of the local control rate. CONCLUSIONS: Re-irradiation plus regional hyperthermia for recurrent NSCLC appears feasible, with acceptable toxicity, and may be a promising treatment that can result in the long-term survival of patients without distant metastasis and larger recurrent tumors.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
20.
J Radiat Res ; 53(2): 319-25, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22327172

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the postoperative radiotherapy in patients with incompletely resected NSCLC, and to investigate whether the histological subtype is a prognostic factor. Forty-one incompletely resected NSCLC patients who underwent postoperative radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The microscopic residual tumor (R1 group) was recognized in 23 patients, and the macroscopic residual tumor (R2 group) in 18. The postoperative pathological stages were I (n = 3), II (n = 8), IIIA (n = 17), and IIIB (n = 13). The histology included squamous cell carcinoma (n = 23), adenocarcinoma (n = 14) or other types (n = 4). The first site of disease progression was distant metastases alone for 3 (13%) of 23 with squamous cell carcinoma, and for 9 (64%) of 14 with adenocarcinoma (p < 0.01). The 5-year overall, local control, disease-free, and distant metastasis-free survival rates were 56%, 63%, 37% and 49%. Univariate analyses showed that squamous cell carcinoma histology, N0-1 stage and the R1 group were significant predictors for better disease-free and distant metastasis-free survival. Multivariate showed that squamous cell carcinoma and N0-1 stage were significant predictors for better distant metastasis-free survival. Toxicity was generally mild; Grade 3 toxicities occurred in 3 patients (neutropenia, radiation pneumonia and esophageal stenosis), and no acute and late toxicities of Grade 4 to 5 were observed. In conclusion, postoperative radiotherapy for incompletely resected NSCLC could achieve a relatively high local control rate without severe toxicity. However, different treatment strategies for non-squamous cell carcinoma should be considered, because of the higher risk for the distant metastases.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Prognóstico , Radioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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