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1.
Bull Cancer ; 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610284

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells are a new class of cancer treatments manufactured through autologous or allogeneic T cells genetic engineering to induce CAR expression directed against a membrane antigen present at the surface of malignant cells. In Europe, tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah™) has a marketing authorization for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and young adults and for the relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The marketing authorization for axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta™) is the treatment of relapsed/refractory DLBCL and mediastinal B-cell lymphoma. Both products are "living drugs" and genetically modified autologous T cells directed against CD19 which is an antigen expressed throughout B lymphoid differentiation and on many B malignancies. This collaborative work - part of a series of expert works on the topic - aims to provide practical advice to assist collection facilities that procure the starting material i.e. blood mononuclear cells for autologous CAR T-cell manufacturing.

2.
Leukemia ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33542481

RESUMO

Adult B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) with t(4;11)(q21;q23);KMT2A/AFF1 is a poor-prognosis entity. This registry-based study was aimed to analyze outcome of patients with t(4;11) BCP-ALL treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) in first complete remission (CR1) between 2000 and 2017, focusing on the impact of measurable residual disease (MRD) at the time of transplant. Among 151 patients (median age, 38) allotransplanted from either HLA-matched siblings or unrelated donors, leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) at 2 years were 51% and 60%, whereas relapse incidence (RI) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) were 30% and 20%, respectively. These results were comparable to a cohort of contemporary patients with diploid normal karyotype (NK) BCP-ALL with equivalent inclusion criteria (n = 567). Among patients with evaluable MRD pre-alloHSCT, a negative status was the strongest beneficial factor influencing LFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.2, p < 0.001), OS (HR = 0.14, p < 0.001), RI (HR = 0.23, p = 0.001), and NRM (HR = 0.16, p = 0.002), with a similar outcome to MRD-negative NK BCP-ALL patients. In contrast, among patients with detectable pretransplant MRD, outcome in t(4;11) BCP-ALL was inferior to NK BCP-ALL (LFS: 27% vs. 50%, p = 0.02). These results support indication of alloHSCT in CR1 for t(4;11) BCP-ALL patients, provided a negative MRD status is achieved. Conversely, pre-alloHSCT additional therapy is warranted in MRD-positive patients.

3.
Eur J Haematol ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT)-eligible myeloma patients, prolonged induction does not necessarily improve the depth of response. METHOD: We analysed 1,222 ASCT patients who were classified based on (1) the interval between induction and stem cell collection, (2) the type of induction regimen: BID (Bortezomib, IMiDs and Dexamethasone), Bortezomib-based, or CTD (Cyclophosphamide, Thalidomide and Dexamethasone), and (3) the time to best response (Early i.e. best response within 4 or 5 months, depending on the regimen vs Late; Good i.e. VGPR or better vs Poor) RESULTS: The length of induction treatment required to achieve a Good response did not affect PFS (p=0.65) or OS (p=0.61) post-ASCT. The three types of regimen resulted in similar outcomes: median PFS 31, 27.7 and 30.8 months (p=0.31), and median OS 81.7, 92.7, and 77.4 months, respectively (p=0.83). On multivariate analysis, neither the type nor the duration of the induction regimen affected OS and PFS, except for Early Good Responders who had a better PFS compared to Early Poor Responders (HR = 1.21, p value = 0.02). However, achieving a Good response at induction was associated with a better response (≥ VGPR) post-transplant CONCLUSION: The kinetics of response did not affect outcomes.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526919

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains the only curative option in MF. There is no consensus on the optimal conditioning regimen. We report outcomes of 187 patients with MF transplanted between 2010 and 2017 conditioned with TBF. Median age was 58 years. Median interval from diagnosis to allo-HCT was 44 months. Donors were haploidentical (41%), unrelated (36%) or HLA-identical siblings (23%). Stem cell source was PB in 60%. Conditioning was myeloablative in 48% of cases. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) was used in 41% of patients. At 100 days, neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 91% and 63% after a median of 21 and 34 days, respectively. Grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD occurred in 24% and 12%, while at 3 years, all grade chronic GVHD and chronic extensive GVHD had been diagnosed in 38% and 11%. At 3 years, OS, RFS and GRFS were 55%, 49% and 43%, respectively. RI and NRM were 17% and 33%. On multivariate analysis, poor KPS and the use of unrelated donors were associated with worse GRFS and a higher grade II-IV acute GVHD, respectively. Neither donor type nor intensity of the conditioning regimen influenced survival outcomes. TBF is a feasible conditioning regimen in allo-HCT for MF in all donor settings although longer term outcomes are required.

5.
Bull Cancer ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423776

RESUMO

The chimeric antigen receptor T-cells are a new class of anticancer treatment consisting in genetically modifying autologous or allogenic T-cells to make express a CAR directed against a membrane tumor antigen. In Europe, tisagenlecleucel (KymriahTM) has a marketing authorization for the treatment of relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and young adults and of R/R diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The marketing authorization for axicabtagene ciloleucel (YescartaTM) is the treatment of DLBCL and primary R/R mediastinal B-cell lymphoma. The two products are autologous T-cells directed against CD19. This collaborative work, part of a series of expert opinion-based work, aims to give practical advice to help centers in selection of patients for commercially available CAR T-cell treatment.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339900

RESUMO

In order to identify cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive patients who are at risk of developing CMV infection following first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), we built up a scoring system based on patient/donor characteristics and transplantation modalities. To this end, 3690 consecutive patients were chronologically divided into a derivation cohort (2010-2012, n = 2180) and a validation cohort (2013-2014, n = 1490). Haploidentical donors were excluded. The incidence of first clinically significant CMV infection (CMV disease or CMV viremia leading to preemptive treatment) at 1, 3, and 6 months in the derivation cohort was 13.8%, 38.5%, and 39.6%, respectively. CMV-seropositive donor, unrelated donor (HLA matched 10/10 or HLA mismatched 9/10), myeloablative conditioning, total body irradiation, antithymocyte globulin, and mycophenolate mofetil significantly and independently affected the incidence of 3-month infection. These six factors were selected to build up the prognostic model. Four risk groups were defined: low, intermediate-low, intermediate-high, and high-risk categories, with a 3-month predicted incidence of first clinically significant CMV infection in the derivation cohort of 22.2%, 31.1%, 45.4%, and 56.9%, respectively. This score represents a framework for the evaluation of patients who are at risk of developing clinically significant CMV infection following allo-HCT. Prospective studies using this score may be of benefit in assessing the value of anti-CMV prophylaxis in well-defined patient cohorts.

7.
Blood Adv ; 4(24): 6283-6290, 2020 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351121

RESUMO

We performed a study to find out how advances in modern medicine have improved the mortality risk of allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We analyzed major transplantation outcome parameters in adult patients on the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry who had hematologic malignancies and had received transplants from matched sibling donors. We performed multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional-hazards model including known risk factors for nonrelapse mortality and a matched-pairs analysis. We identified 38 800 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Considerable changes in patient characteristics have occurred in the past decades, such as older age, different underlying diseases, and a higher proportion of patients with advanced disease. Major reasons for transplantation-related death in the 1980s were infectious complications and graft-versus-host disease. Nonrelapse mortality, measured at 1 year after transplantation, has decreased over time: 29.7% from 1980 through 1989, 24.4% from 1990 through 1999, 14.8% from 2000 through 2009, and 12.2% from 2010 through 2016. On multivariate analysis, the year of transplantation was associated with reduced nonrelapse mortality (P < .0001; hazard ratio [HR] [95% confidence interval (CI)], 0.8 [0.79-0.82], for 5-year intervals) and decreased overall mortality (P < .0001; HR [95% CI], 0.87 [0.86-0.88]. In the matched-pairs analysis of 3718 patients in each group, nonrelapse mortality at 1 year was 24.4% in the 1990s and 9.5% from 2013 through 2016 (P < .0001; HR [95% CI], 0.39 [0.34-0.43]). Transplantation-related mortality has decreased significantly in the past 40 years. These favorable data facilitate evidence-based treatment decisions on transplantation indications in the context of the availability of novel immunotherapies.

8.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187683

RESUMO

CAR T-cells are anti-cancer immunocellular therapy drugs that involve reprogramming the patient's T-cells using a transgene encoding a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR). Although CAR T-cells are cellular therapies, the organization for manufacturing and delivering these medicinal products is in many ways different from the one for hematopoietic cell grafts or donor lymphocyte infusions. The implementation of this innovative therapy is recent and requires close coordination between clinical teams, the therapeutic apheresis unit, the cell therapy unit, the pharmaceutical laboratory, and pharmacy. Apart from the regulatory texts, which are regularly modified, and the specific requirements of each pharmaceutical laboratory, there is currently no guide to help the centers initiating their activity and there is no specific indicator to assess the quality of the CAR T-cell activity in each center. The purpose of the current harmonization workshop is to clarify the regulatory prerequisites warranted for a center to have a CAR T-cell activity and to propose recommendations for implementing quality tools, in particular indicators, and allowing their sharing.

9.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33108024

RESUMO

The value of pretransplant splenectomy in patients with myelofibrosis (MF) is subject to debate, since the procedure may preclude subsequent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). To determine the impact of pretransplant splenectomy on the incidence of allo-HCT, we conducted a comprehensive retrospective study of all patients with MF for whom an unrelated donor search had been initiated via the French bone marrow transplantation registry (RFGM) between 1 January 2008 and 1 January 2017. Additional data were collected from the patients' medical files and a database held by the French-Language Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cell Therapy (SFGM-TC). We used a multistate model with four states ("RFGM registration"; "splenectomy"; "death before allo-HCT", and "allo-HCT") to evaluate the association between splenectomy and the incidence of allo-HCT. The study included 530 patients from 57 centers. With a median follow-up time of 6 years, we observed 81 splenectomies, 99 deaths before allo-HCT (90 without splenectomy and nine after), and 333 allo-HCTs (268 without splenectomy and 65 after). In a bivariable analysis, the hazard ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] for the association of splenectomy with allo-HCT was 7.2 [5.1-10.3] in the first 4 months and 1.18 [0.69-2.03] thereafter. The hazard ratio [95% CI] for death associated with splenectomy was 1.58 [0.79-3.14]. These reassuring results suggest that splenectomy does not preclude allo-HCT in patients with MF.

10.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039133

RESUMO

CD34+ immunomagnetic positive selection allows for CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors separation from CD3+ lymphocytes subsets, usually from an apheresis product collected from a previously mobilized donor. This T-cell depleted stem cell graft is primarily intended for rare cases (around 2% of allotransplanted patients in France) of severe, persistent, symptomatic bi- or tri-cytopenia post-allotransplantation, in order to allow for hematologic reconstitution without increasing the risk of GvHD occurrence. Although semi-manual and complex, the process is of sufficient robustness to consistently generate a cellular product with distinctive features and specifications, based on iterative in-process quality controls, that are discussed within these guidelines.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004942

RESUMO

No studies have been reported so far on bridging treatment with idelalisib for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) prior to allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). To study potential carry-over effects of idelalisib and to assess the impact of pathway-inhibitor (PI) failure we performed a retrospective EBMT registry-based study. Patients with CLL who had a history of idelalisib treatment and received a first alloHCT between 2015 and 2017 were eligible. Data on 72 patients (median age 58 years) were analyzed. Forty percent of patients had TP53mut/del CLL and 64% had failed on at least one PI. No primary graft failure occurred. Cumulative incidences of acute GVHD °II-IV and chronic GVHD were 51% and 39%, respectively. Estimates for 2-year overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and cumulative incidences of relapse/progression (CIR) and non-relapse mortality NRM were 59%, 44%, 25%, and 31%. In univariate analysis, drug sensitivity was a strong risk factor. For patients who had failed neither PI treatment nor chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) the corresponding 2-year estimates were 73%, 65%, 15%, and 20%, respectively. In conclusion, idelalisib may be considered as an option for bridging therapy prior to alloHCT. Owing to the high risk for acute GVHD intensified clinical monitoring is warranted.

12.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064301

RESUMO

The role of spleen size and splenectomy for the prediction of post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-HCT) outcome in myelofibrosis remains under debate. In EBMT registry, we identified a cohort of 1195 myelofibrosis patients transplanted between 2000-2017 after either fludarabine-busulfan or fludarabine-melphalan regimens. Overall, splenectomy was performed in 202 (16.9%) patients and its use decreased over time (28.3% in 2000-2009 vs 14.1% in 2010-2017 period). By multivariate analysis, splenectomy was associated with less NRM (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.44-0.93, P = .018) but increased risk of relapse (HR 1.43, 95% CI 1.01-2.02, P = .042), with no significant impact on OS (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.67-1.12, P = .274). However, in subset analysis comparing the impact of splenectomy vs specific spleen sizes, for patients with progressive disease, an improved survival was seen in splenectomised subjects compared to those patients with a palpable spleen length ≥ 15 cm (HR 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.69, P < .001), caused by a significant reduction in NRM (HR 0.26, 95% CI 0.14-0.49, P < .001), without significantly increased relapse risk (HR 1.47, 95% CI 0.87-2.49, P = .147). Overall, despite the possible biases typical of retrospective cohorts, this study highlights the potential detrimental effect of massive splenomegaly in transplant outcome and supports the role of splenectomy for myelofibrosis patients with progressive disease and large splenomegaly.

13.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066955

RESUMO

Crohn's Disease (CD) is an auto-inflammatory disease, which may involve the entire gastro-intestinal tract. CD is diagnosed on several clinical, biological, endoscopic and histological criteria. First line therapy is based on oral or iv steroids. In case of steroids dependence or resistance, several types of immunosuppressive or immunomodulating therapies are available: classical antimetabolites (thiopurines or methotrexate) or monoclonal antibodies against TNFα, against interleukin 12/23 or against integrin. Nonetheless, Crohn's disease may remain active despite the use of several lines of therapy. In such cases, autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT) is an effective therapeutic option in highly selected CD patients with specific criteria. The MATHEC-SFGM-TC Good Clinical Practice Guidelines (GCPG) were developed by a multidisciplinary group of experts including gastroenterologists, hematologists and members of the reference center for stem cell therapy in auto-immune diseases (MATHEC), including members of the French groupe d'étude thérapeutique des affections inflammatoires du tube digestif(GETAID) under the auspices of the French speaking Society of bone marrow transplantation and cellular therapy (SFGM-TC). The aim of the present guidelines is to define the eligibility criteria for CD patients when candidates to AHCT, the procedures for mobilization of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC), conditioning regimen and standardized follow-up after AHCT including monitoring of gastroenterological treatments during AHCT and thereafter throughout all follow-up.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020591

RESUMO

We compared transplant outcomes of 708 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients receiving haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation using thiotepa/busulfan/fludarabine (TBF) conditioning with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (ptCy), to 2083 patients receiving matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplantation using fludarabine/busulfan (FB) conditioning and in vivo T-cell depletion. For intermediate cytogenetic risk AML transplanted in first complete remission (CR1), multivariate analysis revealed that haplo-TBF significantly increased nonrelapse mortality (NRM) (HR 2.1; p = 0.0006) but did not affect relapse incidence (RI), leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), or graft-versus-host disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS). For high cytogenetic risk AML transplanted in CR1, haplo-TBF significantly increased NRM (HR = 2.7; p = 0.02), decreased RI (HR = 0.45; p = 0.03) but had no influence on LFS, OS, or GRFS. For AML transplanted in CR2, haplo-TBF significantly increased NRM (HR = 2.36; p = 0.008), decreased RI (HR = 0.38; p = 0.005), but had no influence on LFS, OS, or GRFS. Finally, for AML patients transplanted with active disease, haplo-TBF had no influence on transplant outcomes. In conclusion, compared to MUD-FB, haplo-TBF increased NRM, reduced RI in high-risk AML in CR, resulting in similar LFS, OS, and GRFS. These results comparing two different approaches support the use of a haploidentical family donor for high-risk AML patients lacking a matched sibling donor.

15.
Curr Res Transl Med ; : 103267, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33069640

RESUMO

Heterogeneous practices exist across transplant centres regarding assessment prior to allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) for myelofibrosis, post-transplant monitoring and management of relapse. The 'Practice Harmonisation and Guidelines' and Myeloproliferative Neoplasms subcommittees of the Chronic Malignancies Working Party (CMWP) of the EBMT generated an electronic survey proposal to investigate approaches to the above aspects of myelofibrosis allo-HCT practice. This survey was sent to a total of 65 centres experienced in allo-HCT for myelofibrosis across Europe in February 2020. By time of survey closure, a total of 36 centres (55 %) had completed the survey. Responses were aggregated and reported in a comparative fashion. Marked variations in assessment prior to allo-HCT, JAK inhibitor management peri-transplant, molecular, histopathological and cytogenetic monitoring and approaches to the definition and management of relapse were apparent across surveyed centres. On the basis of these findings, future CMWP efforts will focus on defining guidelines for relapse definition in MF allo-HCT and also suggested optimal monitoring practices for the transplant community.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887941

RESUMO

The indication for performing an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients with isolated trisomy 8 AML in first complete remission (CR) is still debated. Here, we compared outcomes of such patients given either allo-HCT or autologous (auto)-HCT. Inclusion criteria consisted of adult patients with de novo AML, isolated trisomy 8, first HCT between 2000 and 2018, CR1 at transplantation, and either auto-HCT or allo-HCT with a HLA-identical sibling donor (MSD) or a 10/10 HLA-matched unrelated donor (UD 10/10). A total of 401 patients met the inclusion criteria. They underwent an auto-HCT (n = 81), allo-HCT with a MSD (n = 186) or allo-HCT with a 10/10 UD (n = 134). At 3 years, relapse incidence, nonrelapse mortality and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were 59%, 5%, and 37%, respectively, in auto-HCT recipients; 31% (P < 0.001), 14% (P = 0.04), and 55% (P = 0.033), respectively, in MSD recipients and 29% (P < 0.001), 13% (P = 0.15), and 59% (P = 0.03), respectively, in UD 10/10 recipients. In multivariate analysis, in comparison to auto-HCT, MSD and UD 10/10 were associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR = 0.47, P < 0.001 and HR = 0.40, P < 0.001, respectively) translating to better LFS (HR = 0.69, P = 0.04 and HR = 0.60, P = 0.03, respectively). There was also a similar trend for overall survival (HR = 0.73, P = 0.12 and HR = 0.65, P = 0.08).

17.
Gut Microbes ; 12(1): 1800897, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893715

RESUMO

Induction chemotherapy (7 + 3 regimen) remains the gold standard for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but is responsible for gut damage leading to several complications such as bloodstream infection (BSI). We aimed to investigate the impact of induction chemotherapy on the intestinal barrier of patients with AML and in wild-type mice. Next, we assessed the potential benefit of strengthening the mucosal barrier in transgenic mice releasing a recombinant protein able to reinforce the mucus layer (Tg222). In patients, we observed a decrease of plasma citrulline, which is a marker of the functional enterocyte mass, of short-chain fatty acids and of fecal bacterial load, except for Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp., which became dominant. Both the α and ß-diversities of fecal microbiota decreased. In wild-type mice, citrulline levels decreased under chemotherapy along with an increase of E. coli and Enterococcus spp load associated with concomitant histologic impairment. By comparison with wild-type mice, Tg222 mice, 3 days after completing chemotherapy, had higher citrulline levels, a faster healing epithelium, and preserved α-diversity of their intestinal microbiota. This was associated with reduced bacterial translocations. Our results highlight the intestinal damage and the dysbiosis induced by the 7 + 3 regimen. As a proof of concept, our transgenic model suggests that strengthening the intestinal barrier is a promising approach to limit BSI and improve AML patients' outcome.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958431

RESUMO

We have presented a practical guide developed by a working group of experts in infectious diseases and hematology to summarize the different recommendations issued by the different international groups on antifungal agents used for hematology patients. In addition, a working group of experts in the domains of nephrology, hepatology, and drug interactions have reported their different recommendations when administering antifungal agents, including dose adjustments, monitoring, and management of their side effects. This guide will enable prescribers to have a document available that will allow for better and optimal use of antifungal agents for hematology patients with consideration of the toxicity and interactions adjusted to each indication.

19.
Bull Cancer ; 107(9): 925-933, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921398

RESUMO

Sickle cell disease is associated with severe complications and early mortality in adults. In children, hematopoietic stem cell transplant from HLA-identical sibling can stop the progression of the disease and leads to more than 95% long-term free survival without sickle cell disease. The aim of this workshop was to define indications and modalities of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in children and adults with sickle cell disease. Patient and sibling HLA typing should be proposed, early in the course of the disease, when intensification therapies are required. Indications of transplant from HLA-identical sibling in children and adults are, cerebral vasculopathy, occurrence of vaso-occlusive events despite hydroxycarbamide, renal and hepatic diseases related to SCD, chronic anemia<7g/dL despite hydroxycarbamide, need to maintain transfusion programs longer than six months, and major transfusion difficulties related to red blood cell alloimmunization. In children with an HLA-identical sibling donor, we recommend a myeloablative conditioning regimen associating high dose busulfan, cyclophosphamide and ATG, considering the excellent results of this approach In patients over 15 years of age, we recommend the NIH approach consisting of a reduced intensity conditioning regimen by alemtuzumab, and 3Gy total body irradiation, followed by peripheral hematopoietic stem cells and post-transplant immunosuppression by sirolimus In the absence of HLA-identical sibling donor, there is no definitive data for preferring transplant from unrelated versus haplo-identical donors but we recommend to evaluate these approaches in prospective trials.


Assuntos
Anemia Falciforme/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Transplante Homólogo
20.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944990

RESUMO

Karyotypic analysis at time of diagnosis has an important value in determining initial response to treatment, remission duration and overall survival (OS) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Less is known about its value before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients transplanted with active disease, either relapsed or primary refractory (Rel-Ref) AML. We explored the impact of cytogenetic risk (stratification according to MRC-UK) in 2089 patients with either Ref (n = 972) or Rel AML (n = 1117) transplanted during the period 2000-2017. Overall, 154 patients had a favorable risk, 1283 had an intermediate risk and 652 had an adverse cytogenetic risk. Median follow-up was 49 months. Compared to the favorable risk group, intermediate and adverse risk patients were associated with worse leukemia-free survival and OS and also with a higher incidence of relapse. In a subgroup analysis of patients in the intermediate risk group harboring Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), this remained an important prognostic factor, being associated with worse outcomes. When analyzing patients according to the intensity of the conditioning regimen, no differences were observed for the main transplant outcomes. In conclusion, in patients diagnosed with AML and transplanted with active disease, karyotype remains an important prognostic factor, allowing splitting patients into different risk groups according to their cytogenetics. Similarly, FLT3-ITD mutation also remains a negative prognostic factor in this population.

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