Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 36
Filtrar
1.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2019 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485753

RESUMO

There is little data on the long-term respiratory development of children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We describe the respiratory assessment 10 years after allo-HSCT of 35 children transplanted between 2000 and 2004. During this period, 90 children were transplanted at our center. Twenty-five children died, thirty were lost to follow-up, and thirty-five came to have a pulmonary investigation. The thirty-five participants answered a questionnaire asking if they had pulmonary symptoms, and pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were performed. The median age of these children 10 years after the transplant was 16 years old. Just over a third of them had pulmonary symptoms. Among them, 5/13 (38%) had bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). The majority of children (62.8%) did not have respiratory symptoms. PFTs were abnormal in one-third of asymptomatic children, revealing restrictive lung disease that was always mild to moderate (p = 0.02).Conclusion: In the long term, research at the time of the medical examination for the presence of chronic cough, shortness of breath on exertion, or wheezing helps to guide the clinician as to the need for further lung exploration. Similarly, informing patients and their families about these symptoms, which can be underestimated, should allow for more specific management. What is Known: • Pulmonary complications are a major cause of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) morbidity and mortality. • A long time after allogeneic HSCT, pulmonary function tests abnormalities may occur in children, but it is not always related to symptoms. What is New: • The occurrence of respiratory symptoms: cough, dyspnea on exertion, chronic bronchitis, and wheezing should be systematically investigated in the follow-up of allografted patients, even at a distance. • The presence of respiratory symptoms should lead to a respiratory functional investigation to detect the presence of an obstructive syndrome.

2.
Haematologica ; 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097628

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation remains the only curative treatment for sickle-cell anemia, but the place of myeloablative conditioning remains to be defined. The aim of the present study was to analyze long-term outcomes, including chimerism, sickle-cell anemia-related events and biological data (hemoglobin, reticulocytes, HbS%), and fertility, in a French series of 234 SCA-patients younger than 30 years who received (1988-2012) a matched-sibling-donor stem cell transplantation following standardized myeloablative conditioning (Busulfan, Cyclophosphamide and rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin). Since the first report of the series (1988-2004), 151 new consecutive patients with sickle-cell anemia were similarly transplanted. Considering death, non-engraftment or rejection (donor cells<5%) as events, the 5-year event-free survival was 97.9% (95% confidence interval:95.5-100%), confirming at least 95% chance of cure since year 2000. In the overall cohort (n=234, median follow-up of 7.9 years), event-free survival was not associated with age, but chronic-graft-vs-host disease was independently associated with recipien's age>15 (hazard ratio=4.37,P=0.002) and lower (5-15 vs 20 mg/kg) anti-thymocyte globulin dose (hazard ratio=4.55,P=0.001). At one year, 44% of patients had mixed chimerism (5-95% donor cells), but those prepared with anti-thymocyte globulin had no graft rejection. No events related to sickle cell anemia occurred in patients with mixed chimerism, even those with 15-20% donor cells, but hemolytic anemia stigmata were observed with donor cells<50%. Currently, myeloablative transplantation with matched-sibling donor has a higher event-free survival (98%) in patients younger than 30 than that reported for non-myeloablative conditioning (88%). Nevertheless, the risk of chronic graft-vs-host disease in older patients and need for fertility preservation might be indications in patients older than 15 for a non-myeloablative conditioning.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 186(5): 741-753, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124581

RESUMO

Outcomes in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) are steadily improving due to intensive therapy. Between 1989 and 2008, 599 children with newly diagnosed T-ALL were enrolled in two successive European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - Children's Leukaemia Group trials (58881 and 58951), both based on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster protocol and without cranial irradiation. In the latter trial induction chemotherapy was intensified. The most important randomizations were Medac Escherichia coli asparaginase versus Erwinia asparaginase in trial 58881, and dexamethasone (6 mg/m2 /day) versus prednisolone (60 mg/m2 /day) and prolonged versus conventional asparaginase duration in trial 58951. 8-year event-free survival (EFS) increased from 65·1% to 74·0% in trial 58951. Improvement was most profound for patients with white blood cell (WBC) counts <100 × 109 /l and "good responders" to prephase. Medac E. coli asparaginase was associated with longer EFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0·54, P = 0·0015] and overall survival (HR 0·51, P = 0·0018). Induction therapy with dexamethasone did not improve EFS compared to prednisolone. Remarkably, intensification of central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy in trial 58951 resulted in fewer bone marrow relapses, while the incidence of CNS relapses remained low. In summary, we showed that adequate asparaginase therapy, intensified induction treatment and intensification of CNS-directed chemotherapy can result in an improvement of outcome in T-ALL patients with good prephase response and initial WBC counts <100 × 109 /l, representing approximately 50% of T-ALL patients.

4.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 98(5): 630-637, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919447

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The preservation of fertility is an integral part of care of children requiring gonadotoxic treatments for cancer or non-malignant diseases. In France, the cryopreservation of ovarian tissue has been considered and has been offered as a clinical treatment since its inception. The aim of this study is to review 20 years of activity in fertility preservation by ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) for children and the feasibility of oocyte isolation and cryopreservation from the ovarian tissue at a single center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study including patients aged 15 years or younger who underwent OTC, combined for some with oocyte cryopreservation of isolated oocytes, before a highly gonadotoxic treatment for malignant or non-malignant disease was initiated. We describe the evolution of activities in our program for fertility preservation and patient characteristics at the time of OTC and follow up. RESULTS: From April 1998 to December 2018, 418 girls and adolescents younger than 15 years of age underwent OTC, representing 40.5% of all females who have had ovarian tissue cryopreserved at our center. In all, 313 patients had malignant diseases and 105 had benign conditions. Between November 2009 and July 2013, oocytes were isolated and also cryopreserved in 50 cases. The mean age of patients was 6.9 years (range 0.3-15). The most frequent diagnoses in this cohort included neuroblastoma, acute leukemia and hemoglobinopathies; neuroblastoma being the most common diagnosis in very young patients. During follow up, three patients requested the use of their cryopreserved ovarian tissue. All had undergone ovarian tissue transplantation, one for puberty induction and the two others for restoring fertility. So far, no pregnancies have been achieved. Eighty-four patients who had OTC died. CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the only available technique for preserving fertility of girls. To our knowledge this is the largest series of girls and adolescents younger than 15 years so far reported on procedures of OTC before highly gonadotoxic treatment in a single center.

5.
Bull Cancer ; 2018 Sep 17.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30236479

RESUMO

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the first cause of cancer in children. Five-year overall survival is greater than 90% but leukemia remains a major cause of death from cancer in children. A new class of immunotherapy based on a chimeric antigen receptor "CAR" targeting the CD19 on the B leukemic cells and that is transduced in an autologous or allogenic T lymphocyte will allow to transform the prognosis of refractory or relapsed B-ALL. Overall response rates range from 60 to 90% in phase I-II studies in patients with second relapse or more or with refractory disease. Persistent remissions and even cures have been observed. These very good results could lead to use this treatment in first line for patients with very high-risk disease. However, CAR T cells production, costs and adverse events management represent major issues for the future of this therapeutic. The occurrence of CD19 negative relapses has led to develop bispecific CAR T cells. Allogeneic CAR would permit to obtain a "CAR garage" off the shelf available from the diagnosis. Perspectives for CAR T cells are immense but will involve technological progresses around the CAR conception and production, leading to further improved results in leukemias (ALL but also AML) and lymphomas and hopefully the emergence of efficacy in childhood solid tumors.

6.
Hum Pathol ; 72: 174-179, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28899741

RESUMO

Digestive graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a frequent complication after bone marrow transplantation, but small bowel obstruction is an extremely rare event. We present herein the first pediatric series of 4 cases of small bowel obstruction after bone marrow transplantation with detailed gross, histological data and their genetic status of the NOD2 gene. All patients had a history of severe acute GVHD treated by immunosuppressive agents and/or infliximab (in 3 cases). Acute or progressively worsening abdominal pain accompanied by small bowel occlusion occurred 5-16 months after graft, and computed tomographic scan revealed multiple small intestinal stenoses. Failure of intensive medical treatment led to surgical resection of affected loops. Stigmata of acute (apoptosis of crypts and satellitosis) and chronic GVHD features (submucosal fibrosis and serosae sclerolipomatosis), as well as extensive ulcerations, were observed in all ileal specimens. NOD2 mutation was found in only 1 patient. The follow-up showed successful outcome after surgery.

7.
Bull Cancer ; 105 Suppl 2: S147-S157, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30686353

RESUMO

CAR T CELLS: CURRENT INDICATIONS IN CHILDREN AND PERSPECTIVES: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the first cause of cancer in children. Five-year overall survival is greater than 90% but leukemia remains a major cause of death from cancer in children. A new class of immunotherapy based on a chimeric antigen receptor "CAR" targeting the CD19 on the B leukemic cells and that is transduced in an autologous or allogenic T lymphocyte will allow to transform the prognosis of refractory or relapsed B-ALL. Overall response rates range from 60 to 90% in phase I-II studies in patients with second relapse or more or with refractory disease. Persistent remissions and even cures have been observed. These very good results could lead to use this treatment in first line for patients with very high-risk disease. However, CAR-T cells production, costs and adverse events management represent major issues for the future of this therapeutic. The occurrence of CD19 negative relapses has led to develop bispecific CAR-T cells. Allogeneic CAR would permit to obtain a "CAR garage" off the shelf available from the diagnosis. Perspectives for CAR-T cells are immense but will involve technological progresses around the CAR conception and production, leading to further improve results in leukemias (ALL but also AML) and lymphomas and hopefully to the emergence of efficacy in childhood solid tumors. Cet article fait partie du numéro supplément Les cellules CAR-T : une révolution thérapeutique ? réalisé avec le soutien institutionnel des partenaires Gilead : Kite et Celgene.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD19/imunologia , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Adolescente , Especificidade de Anticorpos , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Criança , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Glioblastoma/terapia , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Linfoma/terapia , Neuroblastoma/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Recidiva
8.
Haematologica ; 102(10): 1727-1738, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28751566

RESUMO

Asparaginase is an essential component of combination chemotherapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The value of asparaginase was further addressed in a group of non-very high-risk patients by comparing prolonged (long-asparaginase) versus standard (short-asparaginase) native E. coli asparaginase treatment in a randomized part of the phase III 58951 trial of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Children's Leukemia Group. The main endpoint was disease-free survival. Overall, 1,552 patients were randomly assigned to long-asparaginase (775 patients) or short-asparaginase (777 patients). Patients with grade ≥2 allergy to native E. coli asparaginase were switched to equivalent doses of Erwinia or pegylated E. coli asparaginase. The 8-year disease-free survival rate (±standard error) was 87.0±1.3% in the long-asparaginase group and 84.4±1.4% in the short-asparaginase group (hazard ratio: 0.87; P=0.33) and the 8-year overall survival rate was 92.6±1.0% and 91.3±1.2% respectively (hazard ratio: 0.89; P=0.53). An exploratory analysis suggested that the impact of long-asparaginase was beneficial in the National Cancer Institute standard-risk group with regards to disease-free survival (hazard ratio: 0.70; P=0.057), but far less so with regards to overall survival (hazard ratio: 0.89). The incidences of grade 3-4 infection during consolidation (25.2% versus 14.4%) and late intensification (22.6% versus 15.9%) and the incidence of grade 2-4 allergy were higher in the long-asparaginase arm (30% versus 21%). Prolonged native E. coli asparaginase therapy in consolidation and late intensification for our non-very high-risk patients did not improve overall outcome but led to an increase in infections and allergy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Asparaginase/administração & dosagem , Asparaginase/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia de Consolidação , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/administração & dosagem , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/efeitos adversos , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Linfoma não Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Linfoma não Hodgkin/mortalidade , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 23(1): 96-102, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27777140

RESUMO

Infant acute leukemia still has a poor prognosis, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is indicated in selected patients. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an attractive cell source for this population because of the low risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the strong graft-versus-leukemia effect, and prompt donor availability. This retrospective, registry-based study reported UCB transplantation (UCBT) outcomes in 252 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL; n = 157) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML; n = 95) diagnosed before 1 year of age who received a single-unit UCBT after myeloablative conditioning between 1996 and 2012 in European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation centers. Median age at UCBT was 1.1 years, and median follow-up was 42 months. Most patients (57%) received a graft with 1 HLA disparity and were transplanted in first complete remission (CR; 55%). Cumulative incidence function (CIF) of day 100 acute GVHD (grades II to IV) was 40% ± 3% and of 4-year chronic GVHD was 13% ± 2%. CIF of 1-year transplant-related mortality was 23% ± 3% and of 4-year relapse was 27% ± 3%. Leukemia-free-survival (LFS) at 4 years was 50% ± 3%; it was 40% and 66% for those transplanted for ALL and AML, respectively (P = .001). LFS was better for patients transplanted in first CR, regardless of diagnosis. In multivariate model, diagnosis of ALL (P = .001), advanced disease status at UCBT (<.001), age at diagnosis younger than 3 months (P = .012), and date of transplant before 2004 were independently associated with worse LFS. UCBT is a suitable option for patients diagnosed with infant acute leukemia who achieve CR. In this cohort, patients with AML had better survival than those with ALL.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Doença Aguda , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia/complicações , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doadores não Relacionados
10.
Haematologica ; 100(10): 1311-9, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26137961

RESUMO

DNA copy number analysis has been instrumental for the identification of genetic alterations in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Notably, some of these genetic defects have been associated with poor treatment outcome and might be relevant for future risk stratification. In this study, we characterized recurrent deletions of CD200 and BTLA genes, mediated by recombination-activating genes, and used breakpoint-specific polymerase chain reaction assay to screen a cohort of 1154 cases of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia uniformly treated according to the EORTC-CLG 58951 protocol. CD200/BTLA deletions were identified in 56 of the patients (4.8%) and were associated with an inferior 8-year event free survival in this treatment protocol [70.2% ± 1.2% for patients with deletions versus 83.5% ± 6.4% for non-deleted cases (hazard ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval 1.23-3.32; P=0.005)]. Genetically, CD200/BTLA deletions were strongly associated with ETV6-RUNX1-positive leukemias (P<0.0001), but were also identified in patients who did not have any genetic abnormality that is currently used for risk stratification. Within the latter population of patients, the presence of CD200/BTLA deletions was associated with inferior event-free survival and overall survival. Moreover, the multivariate Cox model indicated that these deletions had independent prognostic impact on event-free survival when adjusting for conventional risk criteria. All together, these findings further underscore the rationale for copy number profiling as an important tool for risk stratification in human B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This trial was registered at www.ClinicalTrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/genética , Deleção de Genes , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Receptores Imunológicos/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Pontos de Quebra do Cromossomo , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Recidiva
11.
Blood ; 124(15): 2408-10, 2014 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25170123

RESUMO

Studies in adults have shown that an early molecular response to imatinib predicts clinical outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We investigated the impact of the BCR-ABL1 transcript level measured 3 months after starting imatinib in a cohort of 40 children with CML. Children with a BCR-ABL1/ABL ratio higher than 10% at 3 months after the start of imatinib had a larger spleen size and a higher white blood cell count compared with those with BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10%. Children with BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10% 3 months after starting imatinib had higher rates of complete cytogenetic response and major molecular response at 12 months compared with those with BCR-ABL1/ABL >10%. With a median follow-up of 71 months (range, 22-96 months), BCR-ABL1/ABL ≤10% correlated with better progression-free survival. Thus, early molecular response at 3 months predicts outcome in children treated with imatinib for CML. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00845221.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Adolescente , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Citogenética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , França , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib , Lactente , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico
12.
Br J Haematol ; 166(2): 229-39, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24702221

RESUMO

The interplay between immune recovery, cytomegalovirus (CMV)-reactivation, CMV-driven immunity and graft-versus-leukaemia effect (GVL) was analysed in 108 children (median age: 8 years) who underwent haematopoietic-stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for acute leukaemia. Follow-up was 2 years unless death or relapse occurred. CMV-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was programmed weekly until month +3 post-HSCT. Immunomonitoring consisted of sequential lymphocyte subset enumerations and analyses of T-cell proliferative and γ-interferon responses to CMV and to adenovirus. In the 108 recipients, the 2-year relapse rate (RR) was 25% (median time to onset 4·5 months; range: 24 d-17 months). CMV reactivation occurrence was 31% (median time to onset 26 d). Donor/recipient CMV serostatus did not influence RR. Among the 89 recipients disease-free after day +120, i) early CMV-reactivation before day +30 was more frequent (P = 0·01) in the relapse recipient group opposed to the non-relapse group. ii) CD8(+) /CD28(-) and CD4(+) CD45RA(-) T-cell expansions induced by CMV did not influence RR, iii) Recovery of anti-CMV and also anti-adenovirus immunity and of naïve CD4(+) T-cells was faster in the non-relapse group (P = 0·008; 0·009 and 0·002 respectively). In contrast to adult acute myeloid leukaemia, CMV reactivation was associated with increased RR in this paediatric series. Accelerated overall immune recovery rather than CMV-driven immunity had a favourable impact on RR.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Efeito Enxerto vs Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/imunologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citomegalovirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia/complicações , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Viremia/complicações , Viremia/imunologia , Ativação Viral
13.
Rev Prat ; 64(2): 169-73, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24701870

RESUMO

Gonadotoxic therapies during childhood may impair future fertility in adult life and fertility preservation techniques should be discussed before starting gonadotoxic therapies. In both sexes, fertility preservation means immature gametes cryopreservation. For girls, ovarian tissue cryopreservation is the only existing option to preserve fertility in prepubertal girls at risk of premature ovarian failure. This promising approach involves the storage of a large number of follicles, which could subsequently be transplanted or cultured to obtain mature oocytes. For boys, spermatogonial stem cells can be cryopreserved and testicular pieces can be stored for future use. For prepubertal boys it is still an experimental procedure. Animal data reveals that healthy offspring were obtained after grafting of frozen spermatogonia and after in vitro maturation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Preservação da Fertilidade , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Criança , Criopreservação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Ovário , Espermátides
14.
Haematologica ; 99(7): 1220-7, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24727815

RESUMO

Dexamethasone could be more effective than prednisolone at similar anti-inflammatory doses in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In order to check if this "superiority" of dexamethasone might be dose-dependent, we conducted a randomized phase III trial comparing dexamethasone (6 mg/m(2)/day) to prednisolone (60 mg/m(2)/day) in induction therapy. All newly diagnosed children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in the 58951 EORTC trial were randomized on prephase day 1 or day 8. The main endpoint was event-free survival; secondary endpoints were overall survival and toxicity. A total of 1947 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia were randomized. At a median follow-up of 6.9 years, the 8-year event-free survival rate was 81.5% in the dexamethasone arm and 81.2% in the prednisolone arm; the 8-year overall survival rates were 87.2% and 89.0% respectively. The 8-year incidences of isolated or combined central nervous system relapse were 2.9% and 4.5% in the dexamethasone and prednisolone arms, respectively. The incidence of grade 3-4 toxicities during induction and the frequency of osteonecrosis were similar in the two arms. In conclusion, dexamethasone and prednisolone, used respectively at the doses of 6 and 60 mg/m(2)/day during induction, were equally effective and had a similar toxicity profile. Dexamethasone decreased the 8-year central nervous system relapse incidence by 1.6%. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Quimioterapia de Indução , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Blood ; 121(13): 2415-23, 2013 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23321258

RESUMO

The aim of our study was to analyze the factors contributing to heterogeneity of prognosis in patients with hyperdiploidy>50 chromosomes (HD>50), a group of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia with favorable outcome. The 541 HD>50 patients registered prospectively in the 58951 European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Children's Leukemia Group (CLG) trial, identified by karyotype (446 patients) and by DNA index (DI) (490 patients), had a 6-year event-free survival (EFS) of 89.0% (standard error [SE] = 1.5%) and a 6-year overall survival (OS) of 95.9% (SE = 0.9%). The strongest prognostic factor was the modal number of chromosomes (MNC): the 6-year EFS of 51-53, 54-57, and 58-66 MNC groups were 80%, 89%, and 99%, respectively (P < .0001). Ploidy assessed by DI was also a favorable factor: the higher the DI, the better the outcome. The 6-year EFS of the 3 subgroups of DI < 1.16/≥1.16-<1.24/≥1.24 were 83%, 90%, and 95%, respectively (P = .009). All usual combinations of trisomies (chromosomes 4, 10, 17, 18) were significant favorable factors but had lower EFS when MNC was lower than 58. In multivariate analysis, MNC remained the strongest factor. Consequently, the best indicator for excellent outcome was ploidy assessed by karyotype because patients with 58-66 chromosomes stood every chance of being cured (OS of 100% at 6-year follow-up) with less-intensive therapy. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00003728. Registered: http://www.eortc.org/, http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00003728.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Diploide , Poliploidia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aberrações Cromossômicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cromossomos/genética , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/epidemiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Indução de Remissão
16.
Bull Acad Natl Med ; 197(4-5): 887-98, 2013 Apr-May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25518157

RESUMO

Girls who undergo treatment for cancer are at risk of ovarian hormonal dysfunction and subfertility due to the detrimental effects of some chemotherapeutic agents and/or radiotherapy on the gonads. Consequently, fertility-preserving techniques shouldbe discussed before starting gonadotoxic therapy. Ovarian tissue cryopreservation is currently the only option to preserve fertility in prepubertal girls and should be considered if the risk of premature ovarian failure is high. This promising approach involves the storage of a large number of follicles, which may subsequently be transplanted or cultured to obtain mature ovocytes. The results of ovarian tissue cryopreservation in adults are encouraging: at least twenty children have been born after orthotopic autografting of frozen-thawed ovarian cortex. It has been shown twice that transplantedprepubertal ovarian tissue can induce puberty, confirming the functional capacity of frozen-thawed prepubertal ovarian tissue.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Infertilidade Feminina/prevenção & controle , Ovário/cirurgia , Reimplante , Adolescente , Animais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Criopreservação/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Lactente , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/fisiologia , Ovário/efeitos da radiação , Gravidez , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/etiologia , Puberdade/fisiologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo
18.
Hum Immunol ; 73(9): 884-90, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22820626

RESUMO

Immunity induced by influenza vaccines following hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) is poorly understood. Here, 14 pediatric recipients (mean age: 6 years) received H1N1 (n=9) or H1N1/H3N2 (n=5) vaccines at a median of 5.7 months post-HSCT (HLA-identical related bone-marrow graft: 10/14). Fourteen clinically-matched non-vaccinated recipients were included as controls. Cellular response to vaccination was assessed by a T-cell proliferation assay. Humoral response was assessed by H1N1-specific antibody titration. IL2 and IFNγ responses to influenza were also evaluated by an intracellular cytokine accumulation method for some of the recipients. Higher proliferative responses to H1N1 (p=0.0001) and higher H1N1-specific antibody titers (p<0.02) were observed in vaccines opposed to non-vaccinated recipients. In some cases, proliferative responses to H1N1 developed while at the same time antibody titers did not reach protective (≥1:40) levels. Most recipients vaccinated with only the H1N1 strain had proliferative responses to both H1N1 and H3N2 (median stimulation index H1N1: 96, H3N2: 126 in responders). Finally, IL2 responses predominated over IFNγ responses (p<0.02) to influenza viruses in responders. In conclusion, H1N1 vaccination induced substantial cell-mediated immunity, and to a lesser extent, humoral immunity at early times post-HSCT. H1N1/H3N2 T-cell cross-reactivity and protective (IL2) rather than effector (IFNγ) cytokinic profiles were elicited.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunidade Celular , Imunidade Humoral , Vacinas contra Influenza/imunologia , Adolescente , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H3N2/imunologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Masculino
19.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 167(2): 225-33, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22619350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of radiation-induced benign and malignant thyroid nodules is well known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of thyroid nodules and carcinomas after fractionated total body irradiation (TBI) preceding hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for malignant hematological disease during childhood. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective university hospital-based observational study. The participants were 76 patients receiving fractionated TBI between 1989 and 2009 as part of the conditioning regimen for HSCT to treat malignant hematological disease, with a median age of 8.2 (5.7-11.4) years, for whom the last ultrasound examination was performed at a median age of 14.2 (11.2-17) years. The main outcome measure was cumulative incidence of thyroid nodules detected by ultrasound scans followed by biopsy if necessary. RESULTS: Thyroid nodules were examined in 21 (28%) patients, six (29%) of whom were diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma at the age of 2.2-18.6 years after TBI. The cumulative incidence of nodule occurrence increased with increasing time from diagnosis. The 10-year cumulative incidence of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was 16% (95% confidence interval (CI) 4-27%) and 8% (95% CI 0-16%) respectively. Seventeen (22%) patients had hypothyroidism (compensated n=12, in five patients it was transient). No significant independent risk factors were identified in the multivariable competing risk model as a function of nodule occurrence. CONCLUSION: Short-term and life-long monitoring, with screening for nodules of the thyroid gland using ultrasound scans, is recommended for survivors subjected to TBI for HSCT during childhood.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/etiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Irradiação Corporal Total/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Carcinoma/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/reabilitação , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sobreviventes , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 58(1): 90-7, 2012 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21254374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A prospective clinical trial was performed in order to validate the pharmacokinetic (PK) and clinical benefits of a new dosing schedule of intravenous busulfan (IV Bu) in children. PROCEDURE: IV Bu was administered as a 2-hr infusion every 6 hr for 4 days. Five dose levels were given according to body-weight strata. RESULTS: The 67 children aged from 4 months to 17.2 years were followed up over 50 months after autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation. Reduced PK variability was seen after IV Bu administration enabling efficient targeting with 78% of patients within the 900-1,500 µM · min therapeutic window and reproducible exposures across administrations. No neurological complications occurred. The low incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) recorded was not correlated with high area under the curve (AUC). Only stomatitis was correlated with high AUC in the autologous group. The 4-year overall survival was 59% in the autologous group and 82% in the allogeneic group. CONCLUSION: The new dosing schedule using IV Bu provides adequate therapeutic targeting from the first administration, with low toxicity and good disease control in high-risk children. The choice of this formulation of Bu should be considered because of its low morbidity and good outcome.


Assuntos
Peso Corporal , Bussulfano/administração & dosagem , Bussulfano/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacocinética , Área Sob a Curva , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Distribuição Tecidual , Transplante Homólogo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA