Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Surg Case Rep ; 8(1): 102, 2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35610493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesh infection after inguinal hernia repair is a very rare complication. The incidence of late-onset mesh infection is approximately 0.1-0.2% of total hernia repair cases and can lead to serious complications if not treated promptly. Here, we report a rare case of discitis due to late-onset mesh infection, occurring 14 years after an inguinal hernia repair. CASE PRESENTATION: An 89-year-old man was brought to our hospital with right-sided abdominal pain and signs of hypoglycemia. He had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and had undergone inguinal hernia repair 14 years ago. Upon admission, laboratory tests revealed no elevated inflammatory markers. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a peri-appendicular abscess. Although the patient was administered empiric antibiotics, on day 3 of admission, his white blood cell count and C-reactive protein levels increased to 38,000/µl and 28 mg/dl, respectively. CT-guided drainage was attempted but was not successful. Escherichia coli was detected in both blood culture collections. On day 7 of admission, the patient complained of back pain; CT on day 10 revealed a peri-appendicular abscess with a soft tissue shadow anterior to the thoracic vertebrae at the 8th/9th level. Thoracic discitis, due to bacteremia originating from the mesh abscess, was suspected. We surgically resected the appendix, followed by removal of the plug and mesh abscess. The post-operative course of the patient was uneventful. For treating discitis, it is known that antibiotic therapy is required for a minimum of 6 weeks. Therefore, on the 30th day post-surgery, the patient was transferred to the orthopedic ward for continued treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This report discusses a rare case of late-onset mesh infection leading to thoracic discitis. Since late-onset mesh infection cannot be treated solely with antibiotics, expeditious surgery should be selected when subcutaneous drainage fails. When an immunocompromised patient with bacteremia has a complaint of back pain, purulent spinal discitis should also be suspected.

2.
Chempluschem ; 86(4): 650-661, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33864353

RESUMO

The continuous fluidics-based synthesis of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) has attracted considerable attention, resulting in advancements in the reaction efficiency, a continuous production of complex structures, and access to products that are difficult or impossible to attain by bulk synthetic routes. This Minireview discusses the continuous fluidics-based synthesis of MOFs in terms of reaction process control, and is divided into three chapters dealing with the efficient synthesis of high-quality MOFs, the confined-space synthesis of MOF composites with diverse morphologies, and the selective synthesis of metastable products. The products of continuous fluidic synthetic process are introduced (e. g., uniform products, composites, fibers, membranes, and metastable products with advantageous properties that cannot be obtained by bulk synthesis), and their usefulness is demonstrated by referencing representative examples.

3.
Epilepsy Behav ; 116: 107772, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the localization of seizures presenting with ictal eye deviation (ED) in the absence of other motor symptoms. We aimed to investigate differences in the localization of the ictal onset zone (IOZ) between patients with isolated ED and those with ED plus head turning (HT) during focal seizures. METHODS: We reviewed intracranial video-EEG data for 931 seizures in 80 patients with focal onset epilepsy in whom the IOZ could be confirmed. The 233 seizures in 49 patients with ED were classified into two semiological groups based on initial ED and the presence/absence of HT: (1) isolated ED (i.e., ED without HT), and (2) ED + HT (i.e., ED with HT). We analyzed the localization and lateralization of IOZs in each semiological group. We performed multivariate logistic regression analysis using a mixed-effects to determine the associations between IOZs and isolated ED/ED + HT. RESULTS: A total of 183 IOZs in 24 patients were included in the isolated ED group, while a total of 143 IOZs in 31 patients were included in the ED + HT group. Sixty-eight IOZs of eight patients in the isolated ED group were located in the ipsilateral frontal interhemispheric fissure (F-IHF). Only ipsilateral F-IHF was significantly associated with isolated ED (odds ratio [OR], 2.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-4.49; P = 0.021). The contralateral lateral frontal cortex (latF) (P = 0.007) and ipsilateral mesial temporal region (mT) (P = 0.029) were significantly associated with ED + HT. CONCLUSION: The present study is the first to demonstrate that seizures with an F-IHF focus tend to present with initial ipsilateral isolated ED. This finding may aid in identifying the seizure focus in patients with isolated ED prior to resection.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Parciais , Epilepsia do Lobo Frontal , Epilepsia do Lobo Temporal , Eletroencefalografia , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Convulsões
4.
EJHaem ; 2(4): 729-737, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35845195

RESUMO

Introduction: Due to an increased incidence of copper deficiency, we investigated adult patients who had low serum levels of copper with cytopenia at our hospital from March 2014 to March 2021. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients who had been diagnosed with cytopenia due to copper deficiency at the Aichi Medical University Hospital from March 2014 to March 2021. Results: In the 15 patients with cytopenia secondary to low serum copper level, 11 had cytopenia of two to three lineages; three (27%) had pancytopenia, and eight (73%) had bicytopenia. Of the 15 patients, nine (60%) underwent bone marrow examinations; three (30%) showed typical morphologic features associated with copper deficiency, such as multiple clear cytoplasmic vacuoles in erythroblasts and myeloid cells, and three (30%) showed dysplastic features as observed in myelodysplastic syndrome. Among the 14 (93%) patients who were treated with copper supplements, had cessation of zinc supplements, or both, 11 (73%) and eight (53%) showed normal copper levels and hematological improvement, respectively. Conclusion: Copper deficiency is more common than expected and should be considered in patients with unexplained cytopenia.

5.
Acta Haematol ; 144(3): 345-349, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Reticulated platelets circulating in the blood reflect megakaryopoietic activity and platelet turnover and can be automatically and low-invasively measured as the immature platelet fraction (IPF) using a Sysmex XN hematocytometer. The present study retrospectively investigated whether or not the IPF can predict the treatment response to corticosteroids in adult patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). METHODS: Forty-six patients who had been newly diagnosed with primary treatment-naïve ITP and started treatment with corticosteroids were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 46 primary ITP patients, 33 (72%) responded to the treatment and 13 (28%) did not. The percentage of IPF (IPF%) among the nonresponders was significantly lower than that of the responders (6.6 vs. 16.0%; p < 0.001). In the receiver operating characteristics analysis, the optimum IPF% cut-off value for predicting the treatment response was 12%, with a specificity of 85% and a sensitivity of 76%. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings thus suggest that measuring the IPF% as a surrogate of reticulated platelets is useful to identify patients likely to respond to corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Plaquetas/citologia , Transfusão de Plaquetas , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(4): 318-321, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378573

RESUMO

We report the case of a patient with fulminant pneumococcal infection along with the presence of Howell-Jolly bodies (HJBs) and splenic hypoplasia at the onset. A 71-year-old man developed fever during outpatient chemotherapy for IgG-κ multiple myeloma and was diagnosed with septic shock due to invasive pneumococcal infection. HJBs were observed on peripheral blood smears at this visit. Computed tomography revealed marked hypoplasia of spleen, suggesting the presence of hyposplenic function. Antibacterial therapy was initiated and the pneumococcal infection was cured; however, there was no notable change in his splenic hypoplasia. Splenic hypoplasia can be associated with fatal infections; hence, care should be taken when it is found in the elderly and in patients with cancer and those receiving immunosuppressive treatment. Even today, when automated hematology analyzers have become common, not all patients with hematological diseases have peripheral blood smears checked with a normal optical microscope. This study suggests that HJBs may be useful for simple and rapid screening of splenic hypofunction. The importance of detecting HJBs in peripheral blood smears with a normal optical microscope should be re-recognized.


Assuntos
Infecções Pneumocócicas , Esplenopatias , Idoso , Inclusões Eritrocíticas , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Imunodeficiência Primária , Baço/anormalidades
7.
Inflamm Intest Dis ; 5(1): 20-26, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232051

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There are no specific standards for the timing of surgery to treat ulcerative colitis, so reaching a decision on timing is often difficult. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the timing of surgery from the patients' perspective. METHODS: From among 203 patients who underwent restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis to treat ulcerative colitis at our hospital from 1985 to 2013, we mailed a questionnaire to 101 of those who are currently attending periodic follow-up at our hospital. RESULTS: We analyzed 72 valid responses (71.2%). Overall, 65 patients (90.3%) responded that they were happy that they underwent surgery, 38 patients (52.8%) responded that the timing of surgery was appropriate, and 32 patients (44.4%) responded that they would have preferred to have had surgery earlier. The group of patients who would have preferred to have had surgery earlier included 23 patients (71.9%) who had undergone emergency surgery; the incidence of emergency surgery was significantly higher than in the group of 13 patients (34.2%) who had responded that the timing of surgery was appropriate (p = 0.002). Scores on the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF36), which reflect postoperative quality of life, were maintained at the same level as the Japanese standard values in our Japanese patients. CONCLUSION: The degree of satisfaction of patients who underwent surgery for ulcerative colitis was favorable, although it is important to consider surgery at an earlier stage in patients who may need emergency surgery.

8.
EJHaem ; 1(2): 558-562, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844998

RESUMO

Unbalanced translocation der(1;7)(q10;p10) is a characteristic chromosomal abnormality in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The current study revealed that among 13 MDS patients with der(1;7)(q10;p10), seven cases with no apparent dysplasia also had low numbers of myeloblasts in the bone marrow and a 3-year survival rate of 86%; in contrast, the remaining six cases had a 3-year survival rate of 0% (P = .003). It was therefore suggested that MDS patients with der(1;7)(q10;p10) are classified into a distinct group with a favorable prognosis and another distinct group with a very poor prognosis.

9.
Arerugi ; 68(9): 1141-1147, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723111

RESUMO

We present a case of early childhood-onset pork-cat syndrome possibly due to sensitization by both cats and dogs. A 6-year-old girl was referred to our hospital because of repetitive episodes of urticaria when she consumed pork meat. The patient lived with a dog and the ground floor of her house was a veterinary clinic run by her veterinarian parents. Blood tests demonstrated high specific IgE (≥50UA/ml) against cat dander, dog dander, pork, Sus s 1, Fel d 2, Can f 1, Can f 2, and Can f 3. The skin prick test was positive for raw pork and beef. Western blotting analysis detected hot spots on 67-kDa proteins in pork meat and cat dander extract. Cross-reactivity between these two proteins was confirmed by an inhibition test. Furthermore, crossreactivity between pork meat and dog dander extract was also noted. Taken together, the diagnosis of porkcat syndrome was made, and both cats and dogs were suggested to have led to the sensitization. The patient was advised to only eat well-cooked pork, and has been followed thereafter without additional reactions. The previously reported cases of this syndrome developed during adolescence and young adulthood because a considerable period from the sensitization to the development cross-reactivity with pork meat is required. To our best knowledge, this is the youngest reported case of pork-cat syndrome among English and Japanese literatures. The nomenclature of this syndrome as pet animal-meat syndrome improves the understanding of the underlying pathogenesis of cross-reactivity between animal albumins and meat albumins.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/imunologia , Carne Vermelha , Alérgenos , Animais , Gatos , Bovinos , Criança , Reações Cruzadas , Cães , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Testes Cutâneos , Suínos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Membranes (Basel) ; 9(7)2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319501

RESUMO

Hydrophobic pure-silica *BEA-type zeolite membranes with large pores were prepared on tubular silica supports by hydrothermal synthesis using a secondary growth method and were applied to the separation of alcohol/water mixtures by pervaporation (PV), an alternative energy-efficient process for production of biofuels. Amorphous pure-silica tubular silica supports, free of Al atoms, were used for preparing the membranes. In this study, the effects of the synthesis conditions, such as the H2O/SiO2 and NH4F/SiO2 ratios in the synthetic gel, on the membrane formation process and separation performance were systematically investigated. The successfully prepared dense and continuous membranes exhibited alcohol selectivity and high flux for the separation of ethanol/water and butanol/water mixtures. The pure-silica *BEA membranes obtained under optimal conditions (0.08SiO2:0.5TEAOH:0.7NH4F:8H2O) showed high PV performance with a separation factor of 229 and a flux of 0.62 kg·m-2·h-1 for a 1 wt % n-butanol/water mixture at 318 K. This result was attributed to the hydrophobicity and large pore size of the pure-silica *BEA membrane. This was the first successful synthesis of hydrophobic large-pore zeolite membranes on tubular supports with alcohol selectivity, and the obtained results could provide new insights into the research on hydrophobic membranes with high permeability.

12.
Asian J Surg ; 42(1): 267-273, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29454571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Restorative proctocolectomy (RP) may improve quality of life in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated lower rectal cancer to a greater extent than total proctocolectomy. However, patients with UC-associated cancer often have flat mucosal lesions that make it extremely difficult to endoscopically delineate the tumor margins. Therefore, there is a potential risk of residual tumor and local recurrence after RP in patients with UC-associated lower rectal cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of RP in patients with UC-associated cancer of the lower rectum. METHODS: We retrospectively identified nine patients who had undergone RP for UC-associated lower rectal cancer at the Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital between January 2000 and December 2016. The incidence of flat mucosal cancer, distal margin status, and oncologic outcomes were evaluated in the nine patients. RESULTS: Eight (89%) of the nine patients had flat mucosal cancer in the lower rectum. The median length of the distal margin was 22 mm (range 0-55 mm). No patient developed local or distant recurrence during follow-up. One patient had a positive distal margin. This patient underwent annual pouchoscopy, but had no local recurrence and died of pancreatic cancer 81 months after RP. The remaining eight patients were alive at the final observation. Five-year and 10-year overall survival rates in the nine patients were 100% and 66.7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with UC-associated lower rectal cancer often have lesions of the flat mucosal type. However, RP is feasible and not necessarily contraindicated in such patients.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/cirurgia , Proctocolectomia Restauradora , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Colite Ulcerativa/complicações , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proctocolectomia Restauradora/mortalidade , Neoplasias Retais/etiologia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
13.
Ann Coloproctol ; 34(2): 94-100, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29742859

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Small bowel obstruction (SBO) remains a common complication after pelvic or abdominal surgery. However, the risk factors for SBO in ulcerative colitis (UC) surgery are not well known. The aim of the present study was to clarify the risk factors associated with SBO after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) with a loop ileostomy for patients with UC. METHODS: The medical records of 96 patients who underwent IPAA for UC between 1999 and 2011 were reviewed. SBO was confirmed based on the presence of clinical symptoms and radiographic findings. The patients were divided into 2 groups: the SBO group and the non-SBO group. We also analyzed the relationship between SBO and computed tomography (CT) scan image parameters. RESULTS: The study included 49 male and 47 female patients. The median age was 35.5 years (range, 14-72 years). We performed a 2- or 3-stage procedure as a total proctocolectomy and IPAA for patients with UC. SBO in the pretakedown of the loop ileostomy after IPAA occurred in 22 patients (22.9%). Moreover, surgical intervention for SBO was required for 11 patients. In brief, closure of the loop ileostomy was performed earlier than expected. A multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the 2-stage procedure (odds ratio, 2.850; 95% confidence interval, 1.009-8.044; P = 0.048) was a significant independent risk factor associated with SBO. CT scan image parameters were not significant risk factors of SBO. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that a 2-stage procedure is a significant risk factor associated with SBO after IPAA in patients with UC.

14.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(13): 1851-1853, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692375

RESUMO

Here, we reported a case of a 39-year-old woman having rectal cancer with multiple liver metastases who underwent staged laparoscopic resection. She was diagnosed with low rectal cancer and multiple liver metastases; thus, she underwent low anterior resection and diverting colostomy. Following the neoadjuvant chemotherapy, she underwent colostomy closure and subsequent hand-assisted laparoscopic partial hepatectomy using the operative site during the colostomy closure. The postoperative course was uneventful, and adjuvant chemotherapy with CapeOX was performed 3 weeks post-surgery. Minimally invasive surgery was performed using hand-assisted laparoscopy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia Assistida com a Mão , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia
15.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(13): 2464-2466, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692499

RESUMO

We present a case of long-term survival in a patient with advanced ascending colon cancer and multiple liver metastases after receiving multimodality therapy, which included hepatic atrial infusion(HAI)and 4 hepatectomies. At diagnosis, the 65- year-old woman underwent right hemicolectomy for advanced ascending colon cancer with multiple liver metastases (T3N1M1[H2], Stage Ⅳ). The 11 liver metastatic lesions were treated by weekly HAI of 5-fluorouracil(5-FU). The lesions reduced in size(response rate 28.9%)immediately following treatment, and no new lesions were detected, but 10 months after treatment the size of the S2 tumor had increased. Systemic chemotherapy with irinotecan and S-1 was administered. Continued development of the S2 tumor in the liver prompted a radical lateral segment hepatectomy. Four months later, a computed tomography(CT)scan revealed a S6 tumor of the liver, for which a posterior segment hepatectomy was performed. A CT scan showing a S1 tumor in the liver 9 months later resulted in chemotherapeutic treatment with CapeOX, followed by mFOLFOX6. Despite treatment, the S1 tumor developed further, prompting a S1 partial hepatectomy. A further partial S8 hepatectomy was performed 7 years after surgery for the primary lesion following a CT scan that revealed a S8 tumor in the liver. There has been no recurrence of tumors in the 5 years and 5 months since this last hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Colo Ascendente/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Fluoruracila , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
16.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 45(13): 2476-2478, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692503

RESUMO

A 78-year-old man was admitted with diarrhea. Colonoscopy and computed tomography(CT)revealed rectal cancer with multiple liver metastases. Low anterior resection was performed for local control. After the operation, 5 courses of mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab chemotherapy were administered as first-line systemic therapy, but CT showed progressive disease with liver metastases. After the first-line systemic therapy, 2 courses of FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab chemotherapy were performed as second-line systemic therapy, but CT also revealed progressive disease with liver metastases. We retrospectively performed comprehensive genomic sequencing with a 415-gene panel and found that the patient had a hypermutation subtype. Interestingly, the panel also revealed that he had mismatch-repair(MMR)deficiency with MSH2 mutation, which is reported as a possible cause of resistance to 5-fluorouracil in colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Retais , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Fluoruracila , Humanos , Leucovorina , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Proteína 2 Homóloga a MutS/genética , Mutação , Compostos Organoplatínicos , Neoplasias Retais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Retais/genética , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Biomaterials ; 154: 74-85, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29120820

RESUMO

To prevent bone metastasis, we developed polyethylene glycol (PEG)-conjugated aspartic acid (Asp)-modified liposomes (PEG-Asp-Lipo) as a bone-targeting carrier of paclitaxel (PTX) by using Asp-modified 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DPPE-Asp). The affinity of Asp-modified liposomes to hydroxyapatite increased as the concentration of DPPE-Asp increased. The bone accumulation of [3H]-labeled PEG(2)-Asp(33)-Lipo was approximately 24.6% 360 min after intravenous injection in mice, in contrast to 5.4% and 6.7% of [3H]-labeled normal Lipo and PEG(2)-Lipo, respectively. Similarly, [14C]-labeled PTX encapsulated into PEG(2)-Asp(33)-Lipo predominantly accumulated in the bone. Furthermore, using an in situ imaging experiment, we observed that near-infrared fluorescence-labeled PEG(2)-Asp(33)-Lipo selectively accumulated in the bone near the joint after intravenous injection in mice. We also found that FITC-labeled PEG(2)-Asp(33)-Lipo predominantly accumulated on eroded and quiescent bone surfaces. In a bone metastatic tumor mouse model, in which B16-BL6/Luc cells were injected into the left ventricle of female C57BL/6 mice, metastatic bone tumor growth was significantly inhibited by an intravenous injection of PEG(2)-Asp(33)-liposomal PTX. In contrast, PEGylated liposomal PTX hardly affected the growth of metastatic bone tumors. These findings indicate that PEG(2)-Asp(33)-Lipo is a promising bone-targeting carrier for the delivery of PTX and treatment of bone metastasis.


Assuntos
Ácido Aspártico/química , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Osso e Ossos/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Aspártico/sangue , Ácido Aspártico/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Durapatita/metabolismo , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Lipossomos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Distribuição Tecidual , Trítio
18.
J Pept Sci ; 23(7-8): 636-643, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28133866

RESUMO

ß-Annulus peptides from tomato bushy stunt virus conjugated with DNAs (dA20 and dT20 ) at the C-terminal were synthesized. The DNA-modified ß-annulus peptides self-assembled into artificial viral capsids with sizes of 45-160 nm. ζ-Potential measurements revealed that the DNAs were coated on the surface of artificial viral capsids. Fluorescence assays indicated that the DNAs on the artificial viral capsids were partially hybridized with the complementary DNAs. Moreover, the DNA-modified artificial viral capsids formed aggregates by adding complementary polynucleotides. Copyright © 2017 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/química , Capsídeo/química , DNA Viral/química , Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , DNA Complementar/química , Polinucleotídeos/química
19.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1083-1085, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394541

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the health-related quality of life(QOL)using EQ-5D-5L scores for patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. A total of 30 consecutive patients(14 men and 16 women; median age: 67.5 years)from the outpatient clinic of our institute in January 2017 were eligible for this study. The primary tumor was located in the colon(n= 18)or rectum/anu(s n=12). Twelve patient(s 40.0%)had cancer recurrence, and 3 patient(s 10.0%)had a stoma. In addition, 11 patients(36.7%)underwent chemotherapy. The median EQ-5D-5L score for all the patients was 0.867(range, 0.324- 1.000). The EQ-5D-5L score of patients with recurrence was significantly lower(0.820)than that of patients without recurrence( 0.948)(p=0.002). Furthermore, the EQ-5D-5L score of women(0.834)was significantly lower than that of men (0.942)(p=0.015). No significant difference was noted between the EQ-5D-5L score and other factors, such as age, cancer stage, location of primary tumor, absence/presence of chemotherapy, and absence/presence of stoma. In conclusion, using EQ-5D-5L scores, female gender and cancer recurrence were found to be associated with low QOL of patients after surgery for colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1126-1128, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394555

RESUMO

The patient was a 73-year-old man with ascending colon cancer and synchronous liver metastases. A right hemicolectomy with a lymph node dissection was performed for the primary lesion. The resected specimen revealed a KRAS codon 12 mutation. After 6 courses of chemotherapy with capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab(Bv), we performed a partial hepatectomy and resection of the peritoneal dissemination. A computed tomography(CT)scan 5 months later revealed the recurrence of the liver metastases. After 8 courses of chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, irinotecan, and Bv, we performed a partial hepatectomy. CT scan after 13 months revealed a recurrence in the peritoneal dissemination in the Douglas pouch and the right subphrenic space; therefore, we performed a low anterior resection and resection of the peritoneal dissemination with curative intent. CT scan after 19 months revealed a recurrence in the right subphrenic dissemination, a lung metastasis, and pleural dissemination. Chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, Leucovorin, and Bv was administered for 2 years and 5 months. After 5 years and 9 months of the primary operation, the patient is alive. Recently, we have focused on the mechanism of multidrug resistance through NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase-1(NQO1)overexpression, which can be used to determine the role of an enzyme in sensitivity to toxicity and carcinogenesis. In this case, the pathological examination of the resected specimen revealed NQO1 negative expression. In conclusion, NQO1 may play a significant role in chemotherapy resistance in colorectal cancer patients.


Assuntos
Colo Ascendente/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Colectomia , Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...