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1.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are a prognostic factor or an indicator of chemotherapy response for various malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of TILs in resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). We also investigated the usefulness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) to predict TILs. METHODS: We enrolled 23 patients with IHCC who underwent initial hepatic resection in Tokushima University Hospital from 2006 to 2017. We evaluated stromal TILs in the tumor marginal area and central area in surgical specimens. Patients were divided into low vs high stromal TILs groups. We analyzed the patients' clinicopathological factors, including prognosis, according to the degree of stromal TILs. We also analyzed the correlation between stromal TILs and the minimum ADC value. RESULTS: Stromal TILs in the marginal area reflected overall survival more accurately than that in the central area. Additionally, marginal low TILs was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and portal vein invasion. Both overall- and disease-free survival rates in the marginal low TILs group were significantly worse than those in the marginal high TILs group (P < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, marginal low TILs were an independent prognostic factor for both overall- and disease-free survival (P < 0.05), and marginal low TILs were significantly associated with lower minimum ADC values (P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Stromal TILs, especially in the marginal area, might demonstrate prognostic impact in patients with IHCC. Moreover, the ADC values from MRI may predict TILs in IHCC tumor tissue.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34557939

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was performed to investigate the potential of intraoperative three-dimensional (3D) holographic cholangiography, which provides a computer graphics model of the biliary tract, with mixed reality techniques. METHODS: Two patients with intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct were enrolled in the study. Intraoperative 3D cholangiography was performed in a hybrid operating room. Three-dimensional polygon data using the acquired cholangiography data were installed into a head mount display (HoloLens; Microsoft Corporation, Redmond, WA, USA). RESULTS: Upon completion of intraoperative 3D cholangiography, a hologram was immediately and successfully made in the operating room using the acquired cholangiography data, and several surgeons wearing the HoloLens succeeded in sharing the same hologram. Compared with usual two-dimensional cholangiography, this 3D holographic cholangiography technique contributed to more accurate reappearance of the bile ducts, especially the B1 origination site, and moving the hologram from the respective operators' angles by means of easy gesture-handling without any monitors. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative 3D holographic cholangiography might be a new next-generation operation-support tool in terms of immediacy, accurate anatomical reappearance, and ease of handling.

3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4637-4644, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate frailty as a prognostic factor in patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients who underwent hepatectomy at our institution were enrolled. Frailty was defined as a score of ≥4 on a clinical frailty scale. Patients were divided into frailty (n=29) and non-frailty (n=58) groups. RESULTS: Overall and cancer-specific survival rates were significantly worse in the frailty group compared with the non-frailty group, and multivariate analysis revealed frailty as an independent prognostic factor. Disease-free survival tended to be worse in the frailty group. Fifty-eight patients relapsed after the first hepatectomy. Twenty-one of 58 recurrent patients were allocated to the frailty group. After recurrence, chemotherapy was significantly more frequently performed in the non-frailty group compared with the frailty group. CONCLUSION: Frailty can predict the prognosis of patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256755, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: As a multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor, sorafenib is widely used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but patients frequently face resistance problems. Because the mechanism controlling sorafenib-resistance is not well understood, this study focused on the connection between tumor characteristics and the Nrf2 signaling pathway in a sorafenib-resistant HCC cell line. METHODS: A sorafenib-resistant HCC cell line (Huh7) was developed by increasing the dose of sorafenib in the culture medium until the target concentration was reached. Cell morphology, migration/invasion rates, and expression of stemness-related and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter genes were compared between sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells and parental Huh7 cells. Next, a small interfering RNA was used to knock down Nrf2 expression in sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells, after which cell viability, stemness, migration, and ABC transporter gene expression were examined again. RESULTS: Proliferation, migration, and invasion rates of sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells were significantly increased relative to the parental cells with or without sorafenib added to the medium. The expression levels of stemness markers and ABC transporter genes were up-regulated in sorafenib-resistant cells. After Nrf2 was knocked down in sorafenib-resistant cells, cell migration and invasion rates were reduced, and expression levels of stemness markers and ABC transporter genes were reduced. CONCLUSION: Nrf2 signaling promotes cancer stemness, migration, and expression of ABC transporter genes in sorafenib-resistant HCC cells.

5.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(9): 705-715, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of a new three-dimensional (3D) culture system for hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) generated from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). METHODS: Human ADSCs (2 × 104 ) with or without 0.1 mg/mL human recombinant peptide µ-piece per well were seeded in a 96-well U-bottom plate and then our three-step differentiation protocol was applied for 21 days. At each step, cell morphology and gene expression were investigated. Mature hepatocyte functions were evaluated after HLC differentiation. These parameters were compared between 2D- and 3D-cultured HLCs, and, DNA microarray analysis was also performed. Finally, HLCs were transplanted in to CCl4 induced acute liver failure model mice. RESULTS: Two-dimensional-cultured HLCs at day 21 did not have a spindle shape and had formed spheroids after day 6, which gradually increased in size for 3D-cultured HLCs. Definitive endoderm, hepatoblast, and hepatocyte genes showed significantly higher expression in the 3D culture group. Three-dimensional-cultured HLCs also had higher albumin expression, CYP3A4 activity, urea synthesis, and ammonium metabolism, and much higher expression of ion transporter, blood coagulation, and cell communication genes. HLC transplantation improved serum liver function, especially in T-Bil levels, and engrafted into immunodeficient mice with HLA class I positive staining. CONCLUSION: Our new 3D culture protocol is effective to improve hepatocyte functions. Our HLCs might be promising for clinical cell transplantation to treat metabolic disease.


Assuntos
Falência Hepática Aguda , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Hepatócitos , Humanos , Camundongos
6.
Int J Oncol ; 59(2)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195849

RESUMO

Targeting the tumor stroma is an important strategy in cancer treatment. Cancer­associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and tumor­associated macrophages (TAMs) are two main components in the tumor microenvironment (TME) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which can promote tumor progression. Plasminogen activator inhibitor­1 (PAI­1) upregulation in HCC is predictive of unfavorable tumor behavior and prognosis. However, the crosstalk between cancer cells, TAMs and CAFs, and the functions of PAI­1 in HCC remain to be fully investigated. In the present study, macrophage polarization and key paracrine factors were assessed during their interactions with CAFs and cancer cells. Cell proliferation, wound healing and Transwell and Matrigel assays were used to investigate the malignant behavior of HCC cells in vitro. It was found that cancer cells and CAFs induced the M2 polarization of TAMs by upregulating the mRNA expression levels of CD163 and CD206, and downregulating IL­6 mRNA expression and secretion in the macrophages. Both TAMs derived from cancer cells and CAFs promoted HCC cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, PAI­1 expression was upregulated in TAMs after being stimulated with CAF­conditioned medium and promoted the malignant behavior of the HCC cells by mediating epithelial­mesenchymal transition. CAFs were the main producer of C­X­C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) in the TME and CXCL12 contributed to the induction of PAI­1 secretion in TAMs. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that CAFs promoted the M2 polarization of macrophages and induced PAI­1 secretion via CXCL12. Furthermore, it was found that PAI­1 produced by the TAMs enhanced the malignant behavior of the HCC cells. Therefore, these factors may be targets for inhibiting the crosstalk between tumor cells, CAFs and TAMs.

7.
Cancer Sci ; 112(9): 3545-3554, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159680

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment affects malignancy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in the microenvironment. As recent studies indicated a difference between CAFs isolated from chemoresistant and non-resistant cancer tissues, therefore we investigated the intracellular mechanism in resistant HCC co-cultured CAFs and interactions between these CAFs with cancer cells. We established a sorafenib-resistant (SR) Huh7 (human HCC) cell line, and characterized it with cytokine assays, then developed CAFs by co-culturing human hepatic stellate cells with resistant or parental Huh7 cells. The 2 types of CAFs were co-cultured with parental Huh7 cells, thereafter the cell viability of these Huh7 cells was checked under sorafenib treatment. The SR Huh7 (Huh7SR ) cells expressed increased B-cell activating factor (BAFF), which promoted high expression of CAF-specific markers in Huh7SR -co-cultured CAFs, showed activated BAFF, BAFF-R, and downstream of the NFκB-Nrf2 pathway, and aggravated invasion, migration, and drug resistance in co-cultured Huh7 cells. When we knocked down BAFF expression in Huh7SR cells, the previously increased malignancy and BAFF/NFκB axis in Huh7SR -co-cultured CAFs reversed, and enhanced chemoresistance in co-cultured Huh7 cells returned as well. In conclusion, the BAFF/NFκB pathway was activated in CAFs co-cultured with cell-culture medium from resistant Huh7, which promoted chemoresistance, and increased the malignancy in co-cultured non-resistant Huh7 cells. This suggests that the BAFF/NFκB axis in CAFs might be a potential therapeutic target in chemoresistance of HCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fator Ativador de Células B/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Técnicas de Cocultura , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transfecção
8.
Surg Today ; 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify whether the preoperative lymphocyte/C-reactive protein (CRP) ratio (LCR) is a prognostic factor for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC), and investigate its mechanism via tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 42 patients who had undergone hepatectomy for IHCC. We divided the patients into low LCR and high LCR groups (cutoff value: 8780) and analyzed their overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) with respect to LCR and other clinicopathological factors. We also investigated the levels of stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and CD8+ TILs in surgical specimens, and the relationship between LCR and TILs. RESULTS: A low LCR was identified in 21 patients and was significantly correlated with older age, a high CRP-albumin ratio, and advanced disease stage, and was a prognostic factor for OS and DFS. Multivariate analysis revealed that a low LCR was an independent prognostic factor for worse OS (HR 10.40, P = 0.0077). Although the LCR and levels of stromal TILs were not significantly related, LCR and levels of CD8+ TILs were significantly related (P = 0.0297). CONCLUSION: The preoperative LCR may predict the postsurgical prognosis of patients with IHCC and reflect the CD8+ TILs.

9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 142, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No universal classification method for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) has been reported based on the embryological origin of biliary epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to classify IHCC according to protein expression levels of somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) and b-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and to elucidate the clinicopathological features of each group. METHODS: Fifty-two IHCC patients who underwent hepatic resection were enrolled in this study. Protein expression levels of SSTR2 and Bcl2 were examined using immunohistochemistry. Clinicopathological factors were compared between the three groups and prognostic factors were investigated. RESULTS: The patients were divided into three groups: SSTR2 positive and Bcl2 negative (p-Group H, n = 21), SSTR2 negative and Bcl2 positive (p-Group P, n = 14), and the indeterminate group (p-Group U, n = 17) for cases where SSTR2 and Bcl2 were both positive or both negative. All p-Group P cases displayed curability A or B. The 5-year survival rates of p-Group H and U patients were worse than those in p-Group P. p-Group H had higher T-factor, clinical stage, and incidence of periductal infiltration than p-Group P. CONCLUSIONS: This method could be used to classify IHCC into peripheral and perihilar type by embryological expression patterns of SSTR2 and Bcl2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Receptores de Somatostatina
10.
J Neurol ; 268(10): 3835-3844, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To clarify whether serum neurofilament light chains (NfLs) serve as a biomarker of axonal damage in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), especially in patients with anti-neurofascin 155 (NF155) antibodies. METHODS: The Simoa system was used to examine serum NfL levels from 58 patients with CIDP, including 13 anti-NF155 antibody-positive patients, and from 14 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals. Serum NfL levels were evaluated before and after treatment in eight patients with anti-NF155 antibodies. Clinical features, electrophysiological findings, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein levels, were evaluated. The pathological features of sural nerves from 40 patients were also examined. RESULTS: Serum NfL levels were significantly higher in patients with CIDP than in healthy individuals (median 29.63 vs. 7.71 pg/mL, p < 0.001) and were correlated with both modified Rankin Scale scores (r = 0.584, p < 0.001) and CSF protein levels (r = 0.432, p = 0.001). The NfL levels of anti-NF155 antibody-positive patients were higher than those of antibody-negative patients (p = 0.005). Serum NfL levels were negatively correlated with compound muscle action potential amplitudes of the tibial nerves (r = - 0.404, p = 0.004) and positively correlated with the degree of active axonal degeneration in the pathological findings (r = 0.485, p = 0.001). In the antibody-positive group, NfL levels and antibody titers decreased after treatment in all examined patients. CONCLUSION: Serum NfL correlated with pathological indices of axonal degeneration, and may serve as a biomarker that reflects active axonal damage of CIDP.


Assuntos
Polirradiculoneuropatia Desmielinizante Inflamatória Crônica , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Filamentos Intermediários , Nervo Sural
11.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 5(2): 252-258, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860146

RESUMO

Aim: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) is used to predict tumor malignancy. Here we explored the role of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the treatment of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were conducted using a Signa HDe or Signa Explorer 1.5-T scanner (GE Healthcare). ADC maps were calculated using DWI with b values of 0, 20, and 800 s/mm2. We enrolled 60 patients who underwent upfront hepatic resection for CRLM and divided them into ADC-high (n = 30) and ADC-low (n = 30) groups. Clinicopathological variables of the groups were compared. Immunohistochemical analysis of HIF-1α expression in tumor tissues was performed, and the relationship between the ADC value and HIF-1α expression was evaluated. Results: The disease-free survival rate of the ADC-low group was significantly lower than that of the ADC-high group (P < .05). Univariate analysis revealed that tumor number (more than five), synchronous metastasis, and low ADC were prognostic factors. Multivariate analysis identified low ADC as an independent prognostic factor. Furthermore, the ADC-low group more frequently expressed high levels of HIF-1α than the ADC-high group. Conclusion: Low ADC values were an independent prognostic factor of resectable CRLM and correlated with HIF-1α expression.

12.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 92(10): 1072-1079, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the validity of urinary N-terminal titin fragment as a biomarker for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We consecutively enrolled patients with ALS (n=70) and healthy controls (HC) (n=43). We assessed the urinary titin N-terminal fragment, urinary neurotrophin receptor p75 extracellular domain, serum neurofilament light chain (NfL), motor functional measurements and prognosis. We used urinary creatinine (Cr) levels to normalise the urinary levels of titin fragment. RESULTS: Compared with HC, patients with ALS had significantly increased urinary levels of titin N-terminal fragment normalised with Cr (titin/Cr) (ALS, 27.2 pmol/mg/dL; HC, 5.8 pmol/mg/dL; p<0.001), which were correlated with the scores of the Revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (r=-0.422, p<0.001). A Cox proportional hazards model demonstrated that the high urinary level of titin/Cr was a survival predictor in patients with ALS. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors showed that the urinary titin/Cr and serum NfL were independent factors for poor prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that urinary N-terminal titin fragment is a non-invasive measure of muscle damage in ALS, which could be applied in disease monitoring and prediction of disease progression, in combination with serum NfL.

13.
Oncotarget ; 12(4): 333-343, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33659044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer-tumor associated macrophage (TAM)-cancer associated fibroblast (CAF) interactions are an important factor in the tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) were cultured with cancer cell-conditioned medium (Ca.-CM), TAM-CM and CAF-CM, and the expression of CAF markers were evaluated by RT-PCR. Whether HSCs cultured with Ca.-CM, TAM-CM and CAF-CM contributed to the enhanced malignancy of cancer cells was examined using proliferation, invasion and migration assays. Furthermore, the differences between these three types of CM were evaluated using cytokine arrays. RESULTS: HSCs cultured with Ca.-CM, TAM-CM and CAF-CM showed significantly increased mRNA expression of αSMA, FAP and IL-6. All HSCs cultured with each CM exhibited significantly increased proliferation, invasion and migration of cancer cells. The osteopontin concentration was significantly higher in HSCs cultured with TAM-CM than the other CAF-CMs. Osteopontin inhibition significantly reduced osteopontin secretion from HSCs cultured with TAM-CM and suppressed the proliferation and invasion of cancer cells enhanced by HSCs cultured with TAM-CM. CONCLUSIONS: We observed enhanced osteopontin secretion from TAMs, and this increased osteopontin further promoted osteopontin secretion from HSCs cultured with TAM-CM, leading to increased malignancy. For the first time, we demonstrated the importance of cancer-TAM-CAF interactions via osteopontin in hepatocellular carcinoma.

14.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 94, 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Frailty is an important consideration for older patients undergoing surgery. We aimed to investigate whether frailty could be a prognostic factor in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreatic resection. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients who underwent pancreatic resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were enrolled. Frailty was defined as a clinical frailty scale score ≥4. Patients were divided into frailty (n = 29) and non-frailty (n=91) groups, and clinicopathological factors were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The frailty group showed an older age, lower serum albumin concentration, lower prognostic nutritional index, larger tumor diameter, and higher rate of lymph node metastasis than the non-frailty group (p < 0.05). Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio and modified Glasgow prognostic score tended to be higher in the frailty group. Cancer-specific and disease-free survival rates were significantly poor in the frailty group (p < 0.05). With a multivariate analysis, frailty was an independent prognostic factor of cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty can predict the prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who undergo pancreatic resection.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Fragilidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Humanos , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico
16.
Oncol Lett ; 21(2): 153, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33552271

RESUMO

The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is one of the immune parameters calculated on the basis of the serum albumin and the total lymphocyte count. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic significance of the PNI for short- and long-term outcomes after liver resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Data from 162 surgically treated patients with HCC (without any previous treatment) were retrospectively analyzed. The cutoff value of preoperative PNI was 45.0, which was calculated by a receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting the recurrence of HCC after liver resection. Patients were divided into low (n=86) and high (n=76) PNI groups. In short-term outcomes, patients in the low PNI group were more likely to experience postoperative complications compared with those in the high PNI group. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate in the low PNI group was significantly lower compared with that in the high PNI group (20.5% vs. 48.7%). In the multivariate analysis, a low PNI was an independent prognostic factor for DFS (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.00-2.71). In conclusion, the preoperative PNI may be a prognostic factor for evaluating short- and long-term outcomes after liver resection in patients with HCC.

17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(1): 327-334, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM), a disease with reflux of pancreatic and bile juice in the pancreaticobiliary tract, is a high-risk factor for biliary tract cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of carcinogenesis in PBM using a metabolomics analysis of bile sampled during surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients with PBM without biliary tract cancer, four patients with extrahepatic bile duct cancer (EHBC), and three controls with benign disease were enrolled. Metabolomics analysis of bile samples was performed using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to discriminate the amino acid and lipidomic profiles. RESULTS: The principal component analysis in the capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed similar metabolites in patients with PBM and those with EHBC; furthermore, there was a clear difference between patients with PBM or EHBC compared to controls. The amino acid profiles revealed the following 20 potential carcinogenic candidates for PBM: isoleucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, leucine, tryptophan, arginine, lysine, valine, asparagine, methionine, aspartic acid, serine, threonine, histidine, glutamine, alanine, proline, glutamic acid, and pyruvic acid. The lipidomic profiles revealed the following 11 carcinogenic candidates: lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl glycerol, lysophosphatidyl glycerol, triacylglycerol, diacylglycerol, ceramide, sphyngomyeline, fatty acid, hyperforin, and vitamin D. Among these characteristic metabolites, the branched-chain amino acids, methionine and lysophosphatidylcholine are known to be related to carcinogenesis. CONCLUSION: The bile metabolites were extremely similar in patients with PBM and those with EHBC. Furthermore, amino acid and lipid metabolism was markedly different in patients with PBM or EHBC compared to healthy controls.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/etiologia , Bile/metabolismo , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Má Junção Pancreaticobiliar/complicações , Má Junção Pancreaticobiliar/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Cromatografia Líquida , Eletroforese Capilar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
18.
HPB (Oxford) ; 23(5): 739-745, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomical resection (AR) is performed widely for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, it is controversial whether typical AR, which removes the whole feeding territory of the tumor-bearing portal branch bordered by the landmark veins, is necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of small AR, so-called cone unit resection, for small HCC. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2019, 372 hepatectomies were performed for HCC. Among them, 91 initial resections for small (<5 cm) solitary HCC were performed by typical AR (n = 44) or cone unit AR (n = 47). Propensity score matching was performed and clinicopathological features including prognosis were compared. RESULTS: At baseline, platelet count was higher, and liver function (serum albumin level) and indocyanine green retention at 15 min were better in the typical AR than cone unit AR group. There was no significant difference between the typical AR and cone unit AR group for tumor characteristics, short- and long-term outcomes. Even after propensity score matching (n = 29), the short- and long-term outcomes were also equivalent in between the two groups. CONCLUSION: There was no difference in prognosis of typical and cone unit AR. Therefore, cone unit AR is a feasible procedure for small HCC.

19.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(1): 439-446, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32562115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of frailty becomes important for patients who undergo surgery in this recent aging society. The aim of this study is to investigate the frailty as a prognostic factor in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 92 patients over 75 years old who underwent hepatectomy were enrolled in this study. Frailty was defined as clinical frailty scale (CFS) ≥ 4. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., frailty group (n = 21) and no-frailty group (n = 71), and clinicopathological features were compared between them. RESULTS: The frailty group showed significant higher PIVKA-II level and larger tumor diameter (p < 0.05). CRP level and modified Glasgow prognostic score were significantly higher in the frailty group (p < 0.05). The frailty group showed higher rate of postoperative complications of Clavien-Dindo III (p = 0.06) and longer postoperative stay (p = 0.08). Cancer-specific, overall, and disease-free survival rates were significantly worse in the frailty group (p < 0.05). Frailty was detected as an independent prognostic factor on multivariate analysis of cancer-specific survival. CONCLUSION: Frailty can estimate the prognosis of HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Fragilidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Idoso Fragilizado , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico
20.
Oncotarget ; 11(49): 4593-4604, 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346211

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The tumor microenvironment is involved in acquiring tumor malignancies of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). We have reported that TU-100 (Daikenchuto) suppresses hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation in obstructive jaundice. In this study, we report new findings as the direct and indirect inhibitory effects of TU-100 on cancer cell growth through the suppression of HSC activation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The HSCs (LX2) were cultured in colon cancer cells (HCT116 and HT29)-conditioned medium (CM) with or without TU-100 treatment (90, 270, 900 µg/ml). Activated HSCs (aHSCs) were detected by α-SMA and IL-6 mRNA expressions and cytokine arrays of HSC's culture supernatants. Cancer cell growth was analyzed for proliferation and migration ability, compared with TU-100 treatment. To investigate the direct anti-tumor effect of TU-100, cancer cells were cultured in the presence of aHSC-CM and TU-100 (90, 270, 900) or aHSC-CM alone, and assessed autophagosomes, conversion to LC3-II protein, and Beclin-1 mRNA expression. RESULTS: Colon cancer-CM significantly increased α-SMA and IL-6 mRNA expressions of aHSC. α-SMA and IL-6 mRNA expressions of aHSC, and IL-6 secretions from aHSCs were significantly decreased with TU-100 (270, 900) treatment, compared to colon cancer-CM alone. Compared with normal culture medium, aHSC-CM led to a significantly increased cell number and modified HSC-CM (TU-100; 270, 900) significantly suppressed cancer cell growth and migration. TU-100 (900) treatment induced autophagy and significantly promoted the autophagic cell death. CONCLUSIONS: TU-100 inhibited colon cancer cell malignant potential by both suppressing HSC activation and inducing directly autophagy of cancer cells.

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