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1.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34555262

RESUMO

Thrombocytopenia is highly prevalent in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and these patients often require invasive procedures that carry a risk of bleeding. To prevent bleeding, guidelines recommend increasing platelet counts in patients with CLD who have thrombocytopenia and are planned to undergo invasive procedures. There are currently two options to increase platelet counts in patients in this setting: platelet transfusion or thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPORAs). Several treatment algorithms have been developed in the US to help physicians choose the best course of treatment for each patient; however, to date, no such algorithm has been proposed in other countries, where the choice of treatment has been based on each physician's judgment and experience. Here, we discuss the pathogenesis and treatment of thrombocytopenia in patients with CLD, we review and present current evidence of the efficacy of TPORAs for the treatment of thrombocytopenia in patients with CLD, and we present our expert opinion on a Japanese treatment algorithm for thrombocytopenia in patients with CLD who are planned to undergo invasive procedures. This algorithm aims to provide guidance for optimal decision making in the selection of TPORA therapy or platelet transfusion based on the latest evidence and according to actual clinical practice.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e26681, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449453

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Recently, the number of osteosarcomas has been increasing in elderly patients due to human longevity. Lung metastases are the primary cause of death from osteosarcomas. Complete resection of lung metastases can prolong the survival. However, complete resection in elderly patients is often difficult due to high risk of operative complications. Computed tomography (CT) guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a minimally invasive technique to destroy tumor nodules using heat. In this report, we present the first case older than 65 years applying RFA for lung metastases due to osteosarcoma. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 74-year-old male presented with 1-year history of heel pain. A conventional high-grade osteosarcoma in his calcaneus was diagnosed. Below-knee amputation was performed. However, lung metastases were found in both lungs 1 year after amputation. CT-guided lung RFA was chosen since surgical intervention for lung metastases was abandoned because of tumor multiplicity and medical comorbidities. A total of 18 lung metastases were treated by CT-guided RFA. The most frequent complication was pneumothoraxes in 4 of 8 (50%) procedures and chest tube drainage was required in 2 of these (2 of 8 (25%) procedures). DIAGNOSES: Six lung metastases of osteosaroma were found in both lungs at 1 year after surgery. INTERVENTIONS: CT-guided lung RFA was performed. A total of 18 lung metastases were treated in 8 lung RF procedures. OUTCOMES: The patient has been alive with disease for 5.5 years after the initial surgery. LESSONS: CT-guided lung RFA is effective for elderly patients with osteosarcoma lung metastases in spite of discouragement of lung metastasectomy due to multiplicity of metastases and medical-comorbidities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Osteossarcoma/patologia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Idoso , Calcâneo/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Intervencionista , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
J Med Ultrasound ; 29(2): 77-83, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377636

RESUMO

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a thermal ablation technique widely used for the management of benign thyroid nodules. To date, five academic societies in various countries have reported clinical practice guidelines, opinion statements, or recommendations regarding the use of thyroid RFA. However, despite some similarities, there are also differences among the guidelines, and a consensus is required regarding safe and effective treatment in Asian countries. Therefore, a task force was organized by the guideline committee of the Asian Conference on Tumor Ablation with the goal of devising recommendations for the clinical use of thyroid RFA. The recommendations in this article are based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and the consensus opinion of the task force members.

4.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(2): 820-825, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34267634

RESUMO

We report here a case of mandibular osteomyelitis in a 63-year-old female in which quantitative values determined using bone SPECT/CT were useful to evaluate response to antibiotic therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and sequestomy. After finishing therapy, the chief complaints were well relieved, and posttreatment Tc-99m HMDP bone SPECT/CT examination showed decreased uptake. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV), peak SUV, mean SUV, metabolic bone volume, and total bone uptake of the untreated lesion were 6.26, 5.16, 3.97, and 11.86 mL and 42.21, respectively, which were decreased to 4.65, 3.90, 2.77, and 9.67 mL and 26.80, respectively, following hyperbaric oxygen therapy and antibiotic administration, and were moreover decreased to 4.28, 3.67, 2.75, and 6.24 mL and 17.19, respectively, after sequestomy. In comparison with pretreatment situation, those parameters were decreased by -25.7, -24.4, -30.2, -18.5, and -36.5%, respectively, following hyperbaric oxygen therapy and antibiotic administration, and moreover by -31.6, -28.9, -30.7, -47.4, and -59.3, respectively, after sequestomy, likely reflecting treatment response. Quantitative bone SPECT/CT may be useful to evaluate bone inflammatory activity and treatment response in a patient with mandibular osteomyelitis.

5.
Oncotarget ; 12(12): 1187-1196, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136087

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed an artificial intelligence (AI) deep learning method with a three-dimensional deep convolutional neural network (3D DCNN) in regard to diagnostic accuracy to differentiate malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) from benign pleural disease using FDG-PET/CT results. RESULTS: For protocol A, the area under the ROC curve (AUC)/sensitivity/specificity/accuracy values were 0.825/77.9% (81/104)/76.4% (55/72)/77.3% (136/176), while those for protocol B were 0.854/80.8% (84/104)/77.8% (56/72)/79.5% (140/176), for protocol C were 0.881/85.6% (89/104)/75.0% (54/72)/81.3% (143/176), and for protocol D were 0.896/88.5% (92/104)/73.6% (53/72)/82.4% (145/176). Protocol D showed significantly better diagnostic performance as compared to A, B, and C in ROC analysis (p = 0.031, p = 0.0020, p = 0.041, respectively). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight hundred seventy-five consecutive patients with histologically proven or suspected MPM, shown by history, physical examination findings, and chest CT results, who underwent FDG-PET/CT examinations between 2007 and 2017 were investigated in a retrospective manner. There were 525 patients (314 MPM, 211 benign pleural disease) in the deep learning training set, 174 (102 MPM, 72 benign pleural disease) in the validation set, and 176 (104 MPM, 72 benign pleural disease) in the test set. Using AI with PET/CT alone (protocol A), human visual reading (protocol B), a quantitative method that incorporated maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (protocol C), and a combination of PET/CT, SUVmax, gender, and age (protocol D), obtained data were subjected to ROC curve analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Deep learning with 3D DCNN in combination with FDG-PET/CT imaging results as well as clinical features comprise a novel potential tool shows flexibility for differential diagnosis of MPM.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(23): e26206, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115004

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical use of choline-PET/CT for discriminating viable progressive osteoblastic bone metastasis from benign osteoblastic change induced by the treatment effect and evaluating the response of bone metastasis to treatment in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. Thirty patients with mCRPC underwent a total of 56 11C-choline-PET/CT scans for restaging, because 4 patients received 1 scan and 26 had 2 scans. Using 2 (pre- and post-treatment) 11C-choline-PET/CT examinations per patient, treatment response was assessed according to European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) criteria in 20 situations, in which only bony metastases were observed on 11C-choline-PET/CT scans. Viable bone metastases and osteoblastic change induced by the treatment effect were identified in 53 (94.6%) and 29 (51.8%) of 56 11C-choline-PET/CT scans, respectively. In 27 cases (48.2%), 11C-choline-PET/CT scans could discriminate the 2 entities. The mean SUVmax of the metastatic bony lesions was 5.82 ±â€Š3.21, 5.95 ±â€Š3.96, 6.73 ±â€Š5.04, and 7.91 ±â€Š3.25 for the osteoblastic, osteolytic, mixed, and invisible types, respectively. Of the 20 situations analyzed, CMR, PMR, SMD, and PMD, as determined by the EORTC, were seen in 1, 2, 3, and 14 cases, respectively. Of the 13 patients with increasing PSA trend, all 13 showed PMD. Of the 2 patients with PSA response of <50%, both 2 showed SMD. Of the 5 patients with PSA response of ≥50%, 1 showed CMR, 2 showed PMR, 1 showed SMD, and 1 showed PMD. Choline-PET/CT is very useful to discriminate viable progressive osteoblastic bone metastasis from osteoblastic change, and assess treatment response of bone metastases in mCRPC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Colina/farmacologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/normas , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/etiologia , Colina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Neoplásica/fisiopatologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/instrumentação , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico
7.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2081-2087, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To develop and evaluate the accuracy of augmented reality (AR)-based patient positioning systems in radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: AR head-mounted displays (AR-HMDs), which virtually superimpose a three-dimensional (3D) image generated by the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) data, have been developed. The AR-based positioning feasibility was evaluated. Then, the setup errors of three translational axes directions and rotation angles between the AR and the conventional laser-based positioning were compared. RESULTS: The AR-based pelvic phantom positioning was feasible. The setup errors of AR-based positioning were comparable to laser-based positioning in all translational axis directions and rotation angles. The time necessary for AR-based positioning was significantly longer than that for laser-based positioning (171.0 s vs. 47.5 s, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: AR-based positioning for radiotherapy was feasible, and showed comparable positioning errors to those of conventional line-based positioning; however, a markedly longer setup time was necessary.


Assuntos
Realidade Aumentada , Humanos , Posicionamento do Paciente , Pelve , Imagens de Fantasmas
8.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(1): 520-524, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976628

RESUMO

We here report 2 cases of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) observed two times on 11C-choline positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET/CT), which was useful to discriminate viable progressive osteoblastic bone metastasis from benign osteoblastic change induced by the treatment effect and to determine the viability of bone metastases, regardless of whether sclerosis was present or not. Because one case demonstrated disappearance of abnormal 11C-choline uptake of osteoblastic metastatic lesions after abiraterone therapy and no new lesions at other sites, suggesting nonviable bone metastases, we can assume a complete metabolic response. Because the other case demonstrated a decrease in the existing, abnormal 11C-choline uptake of osteoblastic metastatic lesions, but multiple new appearances of osteoblastic and nonosteoblastic lesions with abnormal 11C-choline uptake after radium-223 therapy suggesting multiple viable bone metastases, we can assume progressive metabolic disease. 11C-choline PET/CT could help in assessing the treatment response of bone metastases in patients with metastatic CRPC.

9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare three FDG-PET criteria (EORTC, PERCIST, imPERCIST) with CT criteria (combined modified RECIST and RECIST 1.1) for response evaluation and prognosis prediction in patients with recurrent MPM treated with ICI monotherapy. METHODS: Thirty MPM patients underwent FDG-PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT at the baseline and during nivolumab therapy (median 10 cycles). Therapeutic response was evaluated according to EORTC, PERCIST, imPERCIST, and CT criteria. PFS and OS were examined using log-rank and Cox methods. RESULTS: CMR/PMR/SMD/PMD numbered 5/3/4/18 for EORTC, 5/1/7/17 for PERCIST, and 5/3/9/13 for imPERCIST. With CT, CR/PR/SD/PD numbered 0/6/10/14. There was high concordance between EORTC and PERCIST (κ = 0.911), and PERCIST and imPERCIST (κ = 0.826), while that between EORTC and imPERCIST (κ = 0.746) was substantial, and between CT and the three PET criteria moderate (κ = 0.516-0.544). After median 14.9 months, 26 patients showed progression and nine died. According to both PET and CT findings, patients with no progression (CMR/PMR/SMD or CR/PR/SD) showed significantly longer PFS and somewhat longer OS than PMD and PD patients (EORTC p = 0.0004 and p = 0.055, respectively; PERCIST p = 0.0003 and p = 0.052; imPERCIST p < 0.0001 and p = 0.089; CT criteria p = 0.0015 and p = 0.056). CONCLUSIONS: Both FDG-PET and CT criteria are accurate for response evaluation of ICI therapy and prediction of MPM prognosis. In comparison with CT, all three FDG-PET/CT criteria judged a greater percentage of patients (16.7%) as CMR, while two (EORTC, PERCIST) judged a greater percentage (10-13.3%) as PMD. For predicting PFS, the three FDG-PET criteria were superior to the CT criteria, and imPERCIST demonstrated the highest rate of accurate prediction.

10.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 24(1): 36-44, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33866337

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of quantitative values obtained with bone single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) for primary bone neoplasms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Bone SPECT/CT scans of 23 patients with 19 benign bone neoplasms (5 osteoid osteomas, 4 bone giant cell tumor, 4 osteofibrous dysplasia, 3 intraosseous ganglion, 2 aneurysmal bone cyst, 1 intraosseous hemangioma) and 5 malignant bone neoplasms (2 osteosarcoma, 1 periosteal osteosarcoma, 1 malignancy in bone giant cell tumor, 1 Ewing sarcoma) were retrospectively analyzed with maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), peak SUV (SUVpeak), mean SUV (SUVmean), metabolic bone volume (MBV), and total bone uptake (TBU) of primary lesions. RESULTS: Mean SUVmax of 19 benign and 5 malignant primary bone neoplasms were 6.89±3.26 (range 3.9-15.13) and 10.31±3.19 (5.0-13.45) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.048). Mean SUVpeak of those were 5.87±2.83 (range 3.5-13.63) and 9.18±3.05 (4.09-12.03) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.032). Mean SUVmean of those were 4.43±2.11 (range 2.59-9.37) and 7.13±2.90 (3.3-10.42) respectively, with statistically significant difference (P=0.027). Mean MBV of those were 22.0±30.0 (range 2.47-110.61) and 27.8±39.94 (8.59-99.24) respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P=0.72). Mean TBU of those were 80.64±94.57 (range 10.50-373.57) and 166.60±203.97 (28.68-528.13) respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P=0.17). CONCLUSION: Quantitative values obtained with bone SPECT/CT may serve as osteoblastic biomarkers for primary bone neoplasm.

11.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(1): 212-216, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776706

RESUMO

Primary angiosarcomas of the kidney are very rare but highly aggressive tumors showing poor prognosis. We present a case of primary renal angiosarcoma occurring in a 60-year-old man with left flank pain. CT images depicted a huge exophytic mass (14 cm in diameter) in the left kidney, exhibiting central extensive hemorrhage or necrosis without contrast enhancement. The mass showed centripetal peripheral nodular enhancement on dynamic contrast-enhanced CT images. We suggest its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of cases of hemorrhagic renal tumors with prominent vasculature.

12.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(1): 391-396, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776734

RESUMO

We report a case of bone metastasis arising from lung cancer, including quantitative values obtained with bone single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT), which were useful to evaluate the treatment response. The first bone SPECT/CT during pembrolizumab therapy for lung cancer recurrence showed intense 99mTc-HMDP uptake of the right femur head and mild uptake of the left ribs. After the palliative radiotherapy for the right femur head metastasis and chemotherapy, the second bone SPECT/CT showed a decrease in focal uptake of the right femur hip and increasing uptake of the left ribs. There was also new uptake appearance in the sternum, right rib, spine (Th2, Th9, Th12, L4, S1), and bilateral pelvic bone (left ilium, acetabular cartridge, femur, right ilium and ischium). The change of maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) for the right femur head and left third and eighth rib bony metastases were -72.6% (from 22.96 to 6.28), +407.7% (from 2.97 to 15.08), and +229.2% (from 2.60 to 8.56), respectively. The change of whole-lesion metabolic bone volume and total bone uptake was +235.4% (from 22.75 to 76.3 cm3) and +219.1% (from 205.0 to 654.09), respectively. Two quantitative bone SPECT/CT images clearly showed the good response of femur head metastasis due to radiotherapy, and progression of other bone metastases regardless of chemotherapy.

13.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(1): 397-402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776735

RESUMO

Treatment-related neuroendocrine-differentiated prostate cancer (NEPC) is a rare tumor entity that transdifferentiates from adenocarcinoma as an adaptive response to androgen receptor pathway inhibition. We report a 79-year-old male with treatment-related NEPC, presenting as rectal bleeding after hormonal therapy. MRI showed a 51 × 52 × 65 mm tumor occupying almost the whole prostate gland and invading the seminal vesicle and rectum as moderately heterogeneous hypointensity on T2-weighted image, restricted diffusion on apparent diffusion coefficient map and diffusion-weighted imaging, and heterogeneous enhancement on Gd-enhanced T1-weighted image. FDG-PET/CT showed strong FDG uptake of the prostate tumor, and somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) showed mild uptake of the prostate tumor. The surgically resected specimen revealed NEPC. If prostate cancer worsens despite conventional therapy, treatment-related NEPC should be considered, and the benefit of imaging examinations including prostate MRI, FDG-PET/CT, and SRS is in localizing lesions with neuroendocrine differentiation.

14.
Clin Case Rep ; 9(3): 1261-1265, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33768822

RESUMO

Combined therapy with adrenal arterial embolization and RF ablation may represent a useful therapeutic option with curative properties in select patients with pheochromocytoma.

15.
Case Rep Oncol ; 14(1): 13-16, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613236

RESUMO

We report a 49-year-old male with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with oligometastasis diagnosed by 11C-choline positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) and treated with target radiotherapy. In the diagnosis of CRPC (serum prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level of 6.53 ng/mL after maximum androgen blockade (MAB) therapy, high-dose brachytherapy, and external beam radiotherapy), 11C-choline PET/CT detected one tiny obturator lymph node metastasis which fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT could not detect. He underwent intensity-modulated radiation therapy and MAB was restarted. The PSA value decreased and reached nadir (0.091 ng/mL) after 6 months. The time to PSA progression was 10 months. The choline PET/CT finding and the corresponding local treatment could play an important role in the management sequence of oligoprogressive CRPC.

16.
Oncotarget ; 12(2): 95-105, 2021 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33520114

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated harmonized pretreatment volume-based quantitative FDG-PET/CT parameters in breast cancer patients for prognostic value. RESULTS: During a median overall follow-up period of 5.3 years, 91 patients had recurrence and 40 died. Multivariate analysis of ER-positive/HER2-negative patients showed high maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) (p = 0.018), high total lesion glycolysis (TLG) (p = 0.010), and clinical N-classification (p = 0.0027) as independent negative predictors of RFS, while high maximum SUVmax (p = 0.037), advanced clinical T-classification (p = 0.030), and advanced TNM stage (p = 0.0067) were independent negative predictors of OS. For recurrence and death in HER2-positive patients, high total TLG (p = 0.037, p = 0.0048, respectively) and advanced TNM stage (p = 0.048, p = 0.046, respectively) were independent prediction factors. In the triple-negative group, independent factors related to recurrence and death were high maximum SUVmax (p = 0.0014, p = 0.0003, respectively) and advanced TNM stage (p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001, respectively). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 546 stage I-III invasive breast cancer patients, including 344 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, 110 HER2-positive, and 92 triple-negative cases, treated at four institutions were reviewed retrospectively. Harmonized primary tumor and nodal maximum SUVmax, metabolic tumor volume (MTV), and TLG indicated in pretreatment FDG-PET/CT results were analyzed. Evaluations of relationships of clinicopathological factors, volume-based quantitative parameters, recurrence-free survival (RFS), and overall survival (OS) for each subtype were performed with a Cox proportional hazards model and log-rank test. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that potential surrogate markers for prognosis in patients with the three main subtypes of operable breast cancer include harmonized pretreatment quantitative volume-based FDG-PET/CT parameters, particularly whole-lesion SUVmax and TLG.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23969, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545981

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aimed to evaluated the clinical impact of adding [11C] Pittsburgh compound-B (11C-PiB) PET for clinical diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia.Twenty six (mean age 78.5 ±â€Š5.18 years, 21 females) AD (n = 7), amnestic MCI (n = 12), non-amnestic MCI (n = 3), vascular dementia, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), FTD (n = 1 each), and normal (n = 1) patients underwent 11C-PiB-PET, MRI, and SPECT scanning. 11C-PiB-PET was compared with MRI and SPECT for clinical impact.11C-PiB-PET showed positivity in 6, 9, and 0 of the AD, amnestic MCI, and non-amnestic MCI patients, respectively, and 0 of those with another disease. Parahippocampal atrophy at VSASD was observed in 5 AD patients, 6 amnestic and PiB-positive MCI patients, 1 amnestic and PiB-negative MCI patient, and 1 vascular dementia patient. Parietal lobe hypoperfusion in SPECT findings was observed in 6, 4, and 2 of those, respectively, as well as 1 each of non-amnestic MCI, vascular dementia, and normal cases. Sensitivity/specificity/accuracy for selecting PiB-positive patients among the 15 MCI patients for 11C-PiB-PET were 100% (9/9)/100% (6/6)/100% (15/15), for VSRAD were 66.7% (6/9)/83.3% (5/6)/73.3% (11/15), and for SPECT were 44.4% (4/9)/50.0% (3/6)/46.7% (7/15), while those were 88.9% (8/9)/33.3% (2/6)/66.7% (10/15)/for combined VSRAD and SPECT. 11C-PiB-PET accuracy was significantly higher than that of SPECT.11PiB-PET alone may be useful for selecting patients who will progress from MCI to AD in the future, although follow-up study is necessary to clarify the outcome of MCI patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos
18.
Eur Radiol ; 31(7): 5409-5420, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449178

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography (CT) and time-resolved magnetic resonance angiography (TR-MRA) for patency after coil embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) and identify factors affecting patency. METHODS: Data from the records of 205 patients with 378 untreated PAVMs were retrospectively analyzed. Differences in proportional reduction of the sac or draining vein on CT between occluded and patent PAVMs were examined, and receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to assess the accuracy of CT using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the definitive diagnostic modality. The accuracy of TR-MRA was also assessed in comparison to DSA. Potential factors affecting patency, including sex, age, number of PAVMs, location of PAVMs, type of PAVM, and location of embolization, were evaluated. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of CT were 82%, 81%, 77%, 85%, and 82%, respectively, when the reduction rate threshold was set to 55%, which led to the highest diagnostic accuracy. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of TR-MRA were 89%, 95%, 89%, 95%, and 93%, respectively. On both univariable and multivariable analyses, embolization of the distal position to the last normal branch of the pulmonary artery was a factor that significantly affected the prevention of patency. CONCLUSIONS: TR-MRA appears to be an appropriate method for follow-up examinations due to its high accuracy for the diagnosis of patency after coil embolization of PAVMs. The location of embolization is a factor affecting patency. KEY POINTS: • Diagnosis of patency after coil embolization for pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) is important because a patent PAVM can lead to neurologic complications. • The diagnostic accuracies of CT with a cutoff value of 55% and TR-MRA were 82% and 93%, respectively. • The positioning of the coils relative to the sac and the last normal branch of the artery was significant for preventing PAVM patency.


Assuntos
Malformações Arteriovenosas , Embolização Terapêutica , Veias Pulmonares , Malformações Arteriovenosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas/terapia , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 44(3): 392-400, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098022

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical utility of bland arterial embolization using microspheres in patients with hypervascular liver metastases refractory to standard treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary endpoints of this prospective single-arm non-comparative study were objective response and disease control rates (ORR and DCR), based on the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors at 4 weeks after embolization. Secondary endpoints were ORR according to primary tumor, overall survival, progression-free survival (PFS), and safety. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with a median age of 66 years (range, 40-95 years) were enrolled in this study. The median maximum diameter of liver metastasis was 3.7 cm (range, 2.0-15.2 cm). Primary lesions were colorectal cancer in 12 patients (48%, 12/25), other cancer in 7 (28%, 7/25), neuroendocrine tumor in 4 (16%, 4/25), and sarcoma in 2 (8%, 2/25). ORR and DCR were 52% (13/25) and 72% (18/25) in all patients, 42% (5/12) and 75% (9/12) in colorectal cancer patients, and 62% (8/13) and 69% (9/13) in other malignant tumor patients (p = 0.43, p > 0.99). Median survival time was 19 months in all patients, 19 months in colorectal cancer patients, and 8 months (p = 0.16) in other malignant tumor patients. Median PFS time was 4 months in all patients, 4 months in colorectal cancer patients, and 6 months (p = 0.0085) in other malignant tumor patients. There were no grade-3 or -4 adverse events. CONCLUSION: Microsphere embolization appears to be an effective and safe treatment for hypervascular liver metastases refractory to standard treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Microesferas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 26(1): 95-103, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We occasionally encounter malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) of no apparent tumor or pleural thickening that is radiological early MPM. This study aimed to examine the clinicopathological outcomes of radiological early MPM. METHODS: Patients with MPM treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and planned surgery at the time of diagnosis between July 2004 and December 2019 were retrospectively examined. Pretreatment maximal pleural thickness of all patients was measured on chest computed tomography. We extracted and investigated the patients who exhibited a lack of pleural thickening or visible tumor, which was defined as radiological early MPM. Survival was analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: Of 296treated patients, 16 (5.4%) exhibited radiological early MPM. Fourteen (87.5%) of these patients underwent pleurectomy/decortication and 2 (12.5%) underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy. Pathological stage T1 disease was diagnosed in 14 (87.5%) patients; 2 (12.5%) exhibited pulmonary parenchymal invasion (pathological stage T2). Lymphatic invasion was detected in only 1 patient. Lymph node metastases and vascular invasion were not detected. Median follow-up was 42 months. Median progression-free survival and median overall survival were 40.7 and 56.1 months, respectively. The 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 84.8% and 83.6%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Radiological early MPM occurs in approximately 1 of every 20 patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery planned at the time of diagnosis in an experienced center. Radiological early MPM was associated with early pathological stage and long-term survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Mesotelioma Maligno , Mesotelioma , Neoplasias Pleurais , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Mesotelioma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pleurais/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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