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1.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(9): 093103, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598542

RESUMO

We have developed spin-resolved resonant electron energy-loss spectroscopy with the primary energy of 0.3-1.5 keV, which corresponds to the core excitations of 2p-3d absorption of transition metals and 3d-4f absorption of rare-earths, with the energy resolution of about 100 meV using a spin-polarized electron source as a GaAs/GaAsP strained superlattice photocathode. Element- and spin-selective carrier and valence plasmons can be observed using the resonance enhancement of core absorptions and electron spin polarization. Furthermore, bulk-sensitive electron energy-loss spectroscopy spectra can be obtained because the primary energy corresponds to the mean free path of 1-10 nm. The methodology is expected to provide us with novel information about elementary excitations by resonant inelastic x-ray scattering and resonant photoelectron spectroscopy.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4489-4495, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The chemokine receptors C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) and C-C chemokine receptor type 7 (CCR7) play an important role in the invasion and metastasis of cancer. This study investigated the relationship between relative expression of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA, clinicopathological factors, and outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 202 patients who underwent surgery for CRC. The expression levels of CXCR4 and CCR7 mRNA in cancerous tissue were measured using quantitative real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: High CCR7 mRNA expression levels in CRC tissues were positively associated with tumour size and were more frequently associated with cancer of the rectum than of the colon. Moreover, outcomes were significantly poorer in patients with high CCR7 mRNA expression than in those with low expression. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, a higher CCR7 mRNA expression level was a significant independent predictor of poorer overall survival in patients with CRC. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of CCR7 mRNA may be a useful independent prognostic factor in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Regulação para Cima , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Tumoral
3.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2771-2777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are reported to associated with cancer metastasis, relapse, and chemoresistance. This study examined the clinical significance of the expression of two CSC markers, the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1) and the Delta-like 4 (DLL4) protein, in patients with locally advanced GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was performed using samples obtained from 413 pathological stage II/III GC patients after curative gastrectomy. We examined TAP1 and DLL4 expression using immunohistochemical analysis with tissue microarray and examined the association between TAP1 or DLL4 expression, clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: High TAP1 expression was associated with better overall survival compared to low TAP1 expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, in multivariate analysis, high TAP1 expression was defined as a predictive factor for good survival. There was no significant difference between DLL4 expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival. CONCLUSION: TAP1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Apresentação do Antígeno , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3583-3588, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of PLA2G2A expression in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PLA2G2A expression levels in cancerous tissue specimens and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 134 patients with stage II/III GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, the associations of PLA2G2A expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: No association was observed between clinicopathological features and PLA2G2A expression levels. Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with high PLA2G2A expression levels (p=0.022). Multivariate analysis revealed that PLA2G2A expression was a significant, independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=0.136; 95% confidence interval=0.0185-0.992; p=0.049). CONCLUSION: PLA2G2A mRNA expression may serve as a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC who receive curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo II/metabolismo , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/patologia , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
5.
Circ J ; 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) reportedly causes venous thromboembolism (VTE), but the status of this complication in Japan was unclear.Methods and Results:The VTE and COVID-19 in Japan Study is a retrospective, multicenter cohort study enrolling hospitalized patients with COVID-19 who were evaluated with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examination at 22 centers in Japan between March 2020 and October 2020. Among 1,236 patients with COVID-19, 45 (3.6%) were evaluated with contrast-enhanced CT examination. VTE events occurred in 10 patients (22.2%), and the incidence of VTE in mild, moderate, and severe COVID-19 was 0%, 11.8%, and 40.0%, respectively. COVID-19 patients with VTE showed a higher body weight (81.6 vs. 64.0 kg, P=0.005) and body mass index (26.9 vs. 23.2 kg/m2, P=0.04), and a higher proportion had a severe status for COVID-19 compared with those without. There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients alive at discharge between patients with and without VTE (80.0% vs. 88.6%, P=0.48). Among 8 pulmonary embolism (PE) patients, all were low-risk PE. CONCLUSIONS: Among a relatively small number of patients undergoing contrast-enhanced CT examination in Japanese real-world clinical practice, there were no VTE patients among those with mild COVID-19, but the incidence of VTE seemed to be relatively high among severe COVID-19 patients, although all PE events were low-risk without significant effect on mortality risk.

6.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(5): e475-e477, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741871

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The authors report a case of a rare, large, nodular pseudogout which developed from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ).An 83-year-old female was referred to the hospital with swelling on her left cheek. Imaging studies revealed a large calcified mass surrounding the left mandibular condyle, partially destroying the adjoining bone and extending to the skull base. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed soft tissue masses with low signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images and were enhanced after intravenous gadolinium injection.The mass was clinically and radiologically suspected to be a neoplastic lesion, such as chondrosarcoma or fibrous dysplasia. However, histological analysis showed that the mass contained granulomatous lesions with numerous multiple nodular rod-shaped and diamond-shaped crystal deposits, which validated the diagnosis of pseudogout. X-ray diffraction (XRD) was performed to identify the tumor's deposited materials and revealed that these were calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD) crystals. This result confirmed the histopathological diagnosis of "tophaceous pseudogout."


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Condrocalcinose , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Condrocalcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Côndilo Mandibular , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Temporomandibular
7.
Ann Vasc Dis ; 14(1): 23-30, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786096

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the prognostic value of regional tissue oxygenation saturation (rSO2) for ulcer healing after endovascular treatment (EVT) of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Materials and Methods: Among PAD patients, 34 patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia underwent EVT for limb salvage. We retrospectively analyzed the cutoff rSO2 values on postoperative day 1 to predict ulcer healing and patient prognosis. Skin perfusion pressure (SPP) and transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO2) were also used to assess wound healing. Results: A finger-mounted tissue oximeter can easily measure rSO2 on the dorsal foot. Among the 34 patients, the ulcer healed in 25, and no changes were observed in 2 patients at 1 month after EVT. However, 7 patients needed major amputation at the same time. Wound healing was achieved in all patients with rSO2≥50%. With this cutoff, the sensitivity and specificity of the new device for wound healing were 100% and 64%, respectively. In all the wound healing cases, SPP was ≥45 mmHg, and TcPO2 was ≥40 mmHg. Conclusion: To assess limb ischemia, rSO2 can be measured quickly and easily using this device. We suggest that an rSO2>50% shows good prognosis for ulcer healing.

8.
Microscopy (Oxf) ; 70(2): 186-191, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744639

RESUMO

Since the majority of a tendon's dry weight is collagen fibers, tendon healing consists mainly of collagen repair and observing three-dimensional networks of collagen fibers with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is optimal for investigating this process. In this report, a cell-maceration/SEM method was used to investigate extrasynovial tendon (unwrapped tendon in synovial tissue such as the tendon sheath) healing of an injured Achilles tendon in a rat model. In addition, since mechanical stimulation is important for tendon healing, a novel, tensionless, rat lower leg tendon injury model was established and verified by visualizing the structural change of collagen fibers under tensionless conditions by SEM. This new model was created by transplanting the leg of a rat with a tendon laceration to the back, removing mechanical stimulation. We then compared the process of tendon healing with and without tension using SEM. Under tension, collagen at the tendon stump shows axial alignment and repair that subsequently demarcates the paratenon (connective tissue on the surface of an extrasynovial tendon) border. In contrast, under tensionless conditions, the collagen remains randomly arranged. Our findings demonstrate that mechanical stimulation contributes to axial arrangement and reinforces the importance of tendon tension in wound healing.

9.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(Supplement): S116-S121, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380664

RESUMO

Background: We investigated the impact of the age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index (ACCI) on the pancreatic cancer survival and recurrence after curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: This study included 155 patients who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer between 2005 and 2014. The risk factors for the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were identified. Results: An ACCI of 8 was regarded as the optimum critical point of classification considering the 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates. The OS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 25.7% and 19.0% in the ACCI-low group, respectively, and 7.6% and 0% in the ACCI-high group, which amounted to a statistically significant difference (P = 0.019). The RFS rates at 3 and 5 years after surgery were 17.3% and 13.8% in the ACCI-low group, respectively, and 7.1% and 0% in the ACCI-high group, which amounted to a marginally statistically significant difference (P = 0.104). A multivariate analysis showed that the ACCI was a significant independent risk factor for both the OS and RFS. Conclusions: The ACCI was a risk factor for the OS in patients who underwent curative surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer. An effective plan is needed for determining the optimum surgical strategy according to the ACCI.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Comorbidade , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open ; 8(5): e2817, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133893

RESUMO

Calcific myonecrosis (CM) is a rare condition in which a large calcified mass develops after trauma. Generally, CM occurs in a lower extremity, and there have been no reports of its occurrence in the upper arm. We report 2 cases of infected CM, including a rare case of CM occurrence in the arm and a typical case in the leg. Case 1: An 84-year-old woman presented with a draining sinus and a large calcified mass in the arm and axillary region. The mass involved the neurovascular bundle; thus, complete resection was impossible. We performed surgical debridement and postoperative negative-pressure wound therapy with instillation and dwell. Case 2: A 43-year-old man presented with a large calcified mass in the right leg and 2 draining sinuses. After surgical debridement, negative-pressure wound therapy was initiated. However, the wound became infected, and we performed additional debridement, followed by a split thickness skin grafting. The infection was controlled in both patients, although complete resection was not feasible. Complete resection is generally considered the optimum treatment for infected CM, but it is difficult to achieve in some patients. Negative-pressure wound therapy with instillation and dwell appears as a good option for postoperative management if complete resection of infected CM cannot be achieved.

11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5815-5821, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Glioma-associated oncogene 1 (GLI1) is an important transcription factor in the hedgehog signalling pathway and tumour formation. We evaluated the clinical significance of GLI1 expression as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: GLI1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of cancerous and adjacent normal mucosa specimens obtained from 142 patients with Stage II/III GC administered adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection. The associations of GLI1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Clinicopathological features and GLI1 expression showed no association. Overall survival was significantly poorer in the high compared to the low GLI1 expression group (p=0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed that GLI1 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor [p=0.019, hazard ratio (HR)=1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.70-3.38]. CONCLUSION: GLI1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
12.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 191, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) originating from the extrahepatic bile duct (EHBD) is very rare but is known for its aggressiveness and poor prognosis. We herein report a case of rapidly progressed NEC in the extrahepatic bile duct. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old man was referred to our facility with obstructive jaundice and abdominal pain. Imaging studies revealed an irregular filling defect in the middle bile duct by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and an enhanced wall thickening from the middle to distal portion by enhanced computed tomography. The patient was initially diagnosed with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma by a bile duct biopsy and underwent pancreatoduodenectomy with lymph node dissection. The pathological findings showed an NEC with an adenosquamous carcinoma component in the extrahepatic bile duct with lymph node metastases. The patient experienced multiple liver metastases 1 month after surgery and died 3 months after surgery. Due to the rapid progression of his disease, his general condition deteriorated, and he was unable to receive any additional treatments, such as chemotherapy. CONCLUSION: As shown in our case, NEC of the EHBD has an extremely poor prognosis and can sometimes progress rapidly. Multimodality treatment should be considered, even in cases of locoregional disease.

13.
Cancer Sci ; 111(7): 2620-2634, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412154

RESUMO

Secondary lymphedema often develops after cancer surgery, and over 250 million patients suffer from this complication. A major symptom of secondary lymphedema is swelling with fibrosis, which lowers the patient's quality of life, even if cancer does not recur. Nonetheless, the pathophysiology of secondary lymphedema remains unclear, with therapeutic approaches limited to physical or surgical therapy. There is no effective pharmacological therapy for secondary lymphedema. Notably, the lack of animal models that accurately mimic human secondary lymphedema has hindered pathophysiological investigations of the disease. Here, we developed a novel rat hindlimb model of secondary lymphedema and showed that our rat model mimics human secondary lymphedema from early to late stages in terms of cell proliferation, lymphatic fluid accumulation, and skin fibrosis. Using our animal model, we investigated the disease progression and found that transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGFB1) was produced by macrophages in the acute phase and by fibroblasts in the chronic phase of the disease. TGFB1 promoted the transition of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts and accelerated collagen synthesis, resulting in fibrosis, which further indicates that myofibroblasts and TGFB1/Smad signaling play key roles in fibrotic diseases. Furthermore, the presence of myofibroblasts in skin samples from lymphedema patients after cancer surgery emphasizes the role of these cells in promoting fibrosis. Suppression of myofibroblast-dependent TGFB1 production may therefore represent an effective pharmacological treatment for inhibiting skin fibrosis in human secondary lymphedema after cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/metabolismo , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Vasos Linfáticos/metabolismo , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfedema/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Ratos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
14.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(11): 4235-4247, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node ratio (LNR), defined as the ratio of metastatic nodes to the total number of examined lymph nodes, has been proposed as a sensitive prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer (GC). We investigate its association with survival in pathological stage (pStage) II/III GC and explore whether this is a prognostic factor in each Union for International Cancer Control pStage (7th edition). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 838 patients with pStage II/III GC who underwent curative gastrectomy between June 2000 and December 2018. Patients were classified into low-LNR (L-LNR), middle-LNR (M-LNR), and high-LNR (H-LNR) groups according to adjusted X-tile cutoff values of 0.1 and 0.25 for LNR, and their clinicopathological characteristics and survival rates were compared. RESULTS: The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates postsurgery showed significant differences among the groups (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that LNR was a significant predictor of poor RFS [M-LNR: hazard ratio (HR) 3.128, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.254-4.342, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 5.148, 95% CI 3.546-7.474, P < 0.001] and OS (M-LNR: HR 2.749, 95% CI 2.038-3.708, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 4.654, 95% CI 3.288-6.588, P < 0.001). On subset analysis stratified by pStage, significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of the RFS curves of pStage II and III GC (P < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively) and OS curves of pStage II and III GC (P = 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High LNR is a predictor of worse prognosis in pStage II/III GC, including each substage.


Assuntos
Razão entre Linfonodos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
15.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1469-1474, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a fatal disease with a poor prognosis. Pancreatic cancer is often unresectable at the time of diagnosis, so the analysis of risk factors in patients with indications for surgery is important. We investigated the impact of intraoperative blood loss (IBL) on survival and recurrence in patients with stage II/III pancreatic cancer after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 76 patients who underwent curative surgery for stage II/III pancreatic cancer between 2007 and 2012. The risk factors for overall (OS) and recurrence-free (RFS) survival were identified. RESULTS: IBL of 1,000 ml was considered to be the optimal cut-off value for classification based on a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The OS rates at 5 years after surgery in the groups with low and high IBL were 36.6% and 11.4%, respectively, which was a statistically significant difference (p=0.003). The RFS rates at 1 year after surgery were 49.8% and 24.6%, respectively, which was a significant difference (p=0.045). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that IBL was a significant independent risk factor for OS. CONCLUSION: IBL is an independent prognostic factor after curative resection of stage II/III pancreatic cancer. The reduction of bleeding during surgery is necessary to improve the results of pancreatic cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1533-1539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is recognized as a prognostic predictor of recurrence in certain carcinomas. According to current Japanese guidelines, however, in gastric cancer, LVI is not clinically useful information, except for predicting the curability of endoscopic resection. We clarified the clinical significance of LVI in gastric cancer and its correlation with disease prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2,090 cases of gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy were enrolled. The correlation of LVI and other histopathological factors was evaluated with regards to patient prognosis. RESULTS: LVI(+) was noted in 894 cases. A multivariate analysis showed that pT, pN, and LVI were independent risk factors for patient prognosis. In pT2-4 patients with nodal metastasis, a significant difference was revealed, and the 5-year overall survival rates in LVI(+) cases were lower than those in LVI(-) (60.9% vs. 76.7%, p=0.005). CONCLUSION: LVI in gastric cancer is an independent prognostic factor, and tends to worsen prognosis, especially in advanced cancers with lymph node metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Carga Tumoral
17.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg ; 54(3): 177-181, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153234

RESUMO

In digital replantation, Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation has commonly been used for osteosynthesis. On the other hand, K-wires are often obtrusive because of protrusion from the replanted digit. We describe a case series treated using hydroxyapatite/poly-L-lactide (HPLLA) threaded pins, which are not only bioabsorbable, but also osteoconductive, for osteosynthesis in crushed amputation or comminuted fracture, including distal phalanx amputation. Using an HPLLA threaded pin, 10 digital replantations were performed between July 2016 and April 2018. The precisely cut pin is manually pushed into the fracture site as an intramedullary nail. The pin is first pushed into the distal site, and then into the proximal site, after drilling with a K-wire of the same diameter as the pin. All amputations were crush type, and levels of amputations were Tamai zone I in three cases, zone II in two and zone III in five. Eight of the 10 digits survived. The two digits that did not survive showed venous insufficiency. Bone union of the eight digits was successfully obtained after 9-19 weeks (median 12 weeks). No adverse events occurred such as distortion of the pin, infection or foreign body reaction. The HPLLA threaded pin may be an adequate device to fix fractures in digital replantation.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Pinos Ortopédicos , Durapatita , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Poliésteres , Reimplante , Adulto , Idoso , Lesões por Esmagamento/cirurgia , Falanges dos Dedos da Mão/cirurgia , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osseointegração , Adulto Jovem
18.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1683-1690, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the impact of postoperative complications (PCs) in patients with pathological stage (pStage) II or III gastric cancer (GC) who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, data for 226 patients were examined retrospectively. The relationship between PCs and clinicopathological features and survival were examined. RESULTS: Recurrence-free survival was significantly worse in the group with PCs than in the PC-negative group. On multivariate analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence (hazard ratio=1.721; 95% confidence intervaI=1.014-2.920; p=0.044). In addition, for each pStage analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was a risk factor for recurrence even in patients with pStage II GC. CONCLUSION: PC of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence in patients with pStage II GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative gastrectomy. Thus, for patients with PCs, even for those with pStage II GC, more effective adjuvant chemotherapy, such as S-1 plus docetaxel, may be needed.


Assuntos
Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/farmacologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/farmacologia
19.
Lymphat Res Biol ; 18(1): 7-15, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31211932

RESUMO

Background: The skin's condition is altered in lymphedema patients, and evaluating this change is important. Some noninvasive methods for evaluating skin condition have been reported, especially in upper limb lymphedema. However, evaluating the skin in lower limb lymphedema remains challenging and is often limited to palpation. We aimed to develop a noninvasive skin evaluation method for lower limb lymphedema patients. Methods and Results: Twenty-five lower limb lymphedema patients were included. Skin induration and elasticity were measured using Indentometer® IDM 400 and Cutometer® MPA580. The relationship between the properties of skin from the healthy forearm and thigh, those of the affected thigh, and age was analyzed. Predicted skin induration age (IA) and elasticity age (EA) were calculated from the forearm, whereas actual values were calculated from the thigh, and the differences (ΔIA and ΔEA) were assessed. Patients were classified according to the International Society of Lymphology clinical staging system, and the differences in ΔIA and ΔEA were analyzed among the three groups (healthy, stage I/IIa, and stage IIb/III). Skin biopsy was performed in five unilateral lower limb lymphedema patients, and the dermal elastic fiber area was determined using microscopy with Elastica van Gieson staining. ΔEA significantly increased with disease progression, but ΔIA did not change significantly. Microscopy revealed elastic fiber filamentous changes, with decreased elastic fiber areas in lymphedema-affected skin. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first report to evaluate lower limb skin elasticity in lymphedema quantitatively and noninvasively. ΔEA is useful for evaluating skin condition progression in lymphedema patients.


Assuntos
Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/instrumentação , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Coxa da Perna/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Elasticidade , Feminino , Antebraço/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Linfedema/patologia , Linfografia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cintilografia , Pele/patologia , Coxa da Perna/patologia
20.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 13(2): 238-241, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297969

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We propose a novel technique to close Petersen's defect using barbed sutures and evaluate the safety and usefulness of this technique by assessing postoperative complications and measuring the time required to close Petersen's defect. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Petersen's defect was closed laparoscopically with running non-absorbable barbed sutures (V-loc®) after a nodal dissection and reconstruction procedure. First, the transverse colon was elevated cranially, making the dorsal side of the transverse mesocolon a flattened surface. The intersection of the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery was then identified, and closure was started from this point. We continued to sew the transverse mesocolon and Roux limb mesentery toward the transverse colon with a running suture. At the end of suturing, we placed one or two stitches in the fatty appendices of the transverse colon and cut the free tail of thread as short as possible. DISCUSSION: We investigated postoperative complications and measured the time required to close Petersen's defect in 64 patients who underwent this technique. The results showed that this closure technique could be performed promptly and safely regardless of the patient, surgical procedure, and the experience of the operator.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Interna/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose em-Y de Roux , Feminino , Humanos , Hérnia Interna/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
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