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1.
Biomed Mater Eng ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polymerization stress is a major problem in dental resin composite restorations. Two indentation fracture methods can be applied to evaluate the stress, however, they often calculate different values. OBJECTIVE: To compare polymerization stresses of dental composites determined by the two methods. METHODS: Glass disks with a central hole were used. Two indentation fracture methods (Methods 1 and 2) were employed to determine the polymerization stresses of low-shrinkage and bulk-fill composites. Method 1: Cracks were made in the glass surface at 300 µm from the hole. The hole was filled with the composite. Polymerization stresses at 30 min after filling were calculated from the lengths of crack extension. Method 2: The hole was filled with the composite. Cracks were introduced in the glass at 1,000 µm from the hole at 30 min after the polymerization and the stresses were calculated from the crack lengths. Stresses at composite-glass bonded interface were calculated from the stress values obtained by the two methods. RESULTS: The bulk-fill composite generated the smallest interfacial stress, and Method 1 revealed lower values than Method 2. CONCLUSIONS: The composites yielded relatively small stresses. Method 1 calculated smaller stress values, possibly affected by the lower threshold stress intensity factor.

2.
J Clin Biochem Nutr ; 69(2): 222-228, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616113

RESUMO

Since there were no available data about colonic diverticular bleeding in extremely elderly patients (>80 years old) treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), we tried to determine clinical characteristics in those with colonic diverticular bleeding taking DOACs and to compare clinical outcomes of those in DOAC-treated to those in warfarin-treated . We enrolled DOAC-treated (n = 20) and warfarin-treated (n = 23) extremely elderly patients with diverticular bleeding diagnosed by colonoscopy. We performed a retrospective review of patients' medical charts and endoscopic findings. We classified colonic diverticular bleeding based on endoscopic features due to modified previous study following three groups, type A (active bleeding), type B (non-active bleeding) and type C (bleeding suspected). Clinical outcomes such as number of recurrent bleeding, thrombotic events and mortality were estimated. There were no differences in endoscopical features and clinical characteristics between patients treated with DOAC and warfarin therapy. However, the number of recurrent bleeding, frequency of required blood transfusions and units of blood transfusion in warfarin-treated patients were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to those in DOAC-treated groups. In addition, mortality and thrombotic events did not differ between DOAC- and warfarin-treated patients. Clinical outcomes suggest that DOACs can be recommended for extremely elderly patients with colonic diverticular disease.

3.
Intern Med ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707047

RESUMO

A series of abdominal computed tomography scans of an asymptomatic 40-year-old woman with a history of umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT) for leukemia at 19 years old revealed the long-term gradual development of a right hepatic vein thrombus and stenosis of the inferior vena cava, leading to a diagnosis of Budd-Chiari syndrome. The Budd-Chiari syndrome in this case might have been influenced by the patient's history of multiple liver abscesses after CBT and associated thrombus formation, in addition to the hormone replacement therapy with estradiol and dydrogesterone she was taking. This case provides insight into the development of Budd-Chiari syndrome.

4.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 59(10): 662-667, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338192

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Direct oral anticoagulants are frequently used to prevent systemic embolism associated with atrial fibrillation. Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common adverse event of this pharmacotherapy, especially in the lower gastrointestinal tract. However, the prevalence of mucosal injury of the colon in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants has remained unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study using endoscopic records of the colon from patients taking oral anticoagulants. Records from colonoscopies for 120 patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation who had been prescribed direct oral anticoagulants between April 2011 and June 2017 were reviewed to determine the prevalence of mucosal injury and other findings, compared with those of 140 patients on warfarin. RESULTS: The prevalence of mucosal injury was 1.6% in patients taking direct oral anticoagulants and 1.4% in those taking warfarin, lower than other findings such as diverticula, hemorrhoids, and polyps. Bleeding was more frequent with direct oral anticoagulants (18 patients; 15%) than with warfarin (9 patients; 6.4%). Colonic diverticulum was the most common cause of bleeding in patients on direct oral anticoagulants. The prevalence of mucosal injury and causes of bleeding did not differ among direct oral anticoagulants. CONCLUSION: Colonic mucosal injury was infrequent in patients on direct oral anticoagulants. Bleeding was more frequent with direct oral anticoagulants than with warfarin. Colonic diverticulum and vascular ectasia were common causes of bleeding in patients on direct oral anticoagulants. Little difference in cause of bleeding was evident among oral anticoagulants.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Administração Oral , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Colo , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
5.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 123: 104711, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385067

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the changes in the residual stresses present on the surface of leucite-reinforced dental ceramic restorations luted with a self-adhesive and a conventional resin composite cement during aging in water. Ring specimens made of a leucite-reinforced ceramics were luted to ceramic cylinders using a self-adhesive (Panavia SA Luting Plus) or a conventional resin composite cement (Panavia V5) in dual-cure or self-cure mode. Residual stresses on the ring surface were measured using indentation fracture method at 1 h, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days of the 37 °C water immersion. Water sorption, water solubility and elastic modulus of the cements were also measured. Compressive stress was generated on the surface of the ceramic rings by the polymerization of the resin composite cements, and the stresses appeared to decrease over time by water sorption of the cements. The dual-cured conventional resin composite cement remained compressive stresses on the ceramic surface, while only the self-cured self-adhesive cement, which demonstrated the greatest water sorption, generated tensile stresses during the four weeks of aging in water. The elastic moduli of cements did not significantly change through the immersion, suggesting that the stresses were less affected by the modulus. To prevent the generation of tensile stresses on the leucite-reinforced ceramic restoration, self-adhesive cements exhibiting small water sorption should be clinically selected.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Silicatos de Alumínio , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Água
6.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1151-1159, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024886

RESUMO

The purpose of this multicenter clinical study was to compare the mid-term clinical effectiveness of direct resin composite restorations using one-step or two-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs or 2-SEAs). In total, 352 restorations of class I-V cavities and non-carious cervical lesions in vital teeth (1-SEAs; 52 cases, 2-SEAs; 300 cases) were placed at nine university hospitals and evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. The recall rates were 86.6% (1 year), 80.1% (2 years), and 62.2% (3 years). Two restorations failed due to fracture during the follow-up, and there was no significant difference in survival rates between 1-SEAs (97.6%) and 2-SEAs (99.4%). However, 2-SEAs exhibited significantly lower occurrences of discoloration, marginal discoloration, fracture, and plaque retention. Moreover, the subjects reported a significantly lower postoperative hypersensitivity and higher overall satisfaction at all evaluation periods if 2-SEAs were used.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 118(4): 318-326, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840713

RESUMO

Although standard treatment for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) comprises prednisolone (PSL) and azathioprine (AZA), some patients are intolerant to or do not respond to PSL and/or AZA. The clinical practice guidelines of AIH in Europe and North America recommend mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as second-line treatment in these patients. We administered MMF as second-line therapy to 7 patients with AIH (male/female 1/6, age range 27-79 years) who were intolerant to or failed to respond to standard treatment. At the commencement of MMF, the median ALT value was 84U/L (28-254U/L), and the PSL dose was 15.0mg/day (0-45mg/day). In terms of adverse effects of PSL, diabetes mellitus was observed in 4 patients (insulin injection in 2) and femoral head necrolysis in 2. Adverse effects of AZA were present in 2, and 5 patients were not treated with AZA. At 24 weeks of MMF treatment, the median ALT and daily PSL dose were decreased to 16U/L (6-41U/L) and 7.0mg, respectively. Blood sugar control improved, and insulin injection was discontinued in both the patients. While intractable diarrhea developed in 1 patient with cirrhosis, no adverse effect was observed in other 6 patients. In conclusion, MMF appeared effective and safe in at least non-cirrhotic patients with AIH who were intolerant or failed to respond to standard treatment with PSL and AZA in Japanese clinical practice.


Assuntos
Hepatite Autoimune , Ácido Micofenólico , Adulto , Idoso , Azatioprina , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Hepatite Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácido Micofenólico/efeitos adversos , Padrões de Referência , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 21(12): 3647-3654, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33369464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma and secondary biliary cirrhosis can develop after liver resection for hepatolithiasis and are causes of hepatolithiasis-related death. We determined potential risk factors for hepatolithiasis-related death and subsequent cholangiocarcinoma, including precancerous lesions such as biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN) and intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct, in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatolithiasis. METHODS: The study cohort included 62 patients who underwent liver resection for hepatolithiasis without concomitant cholangiocarcinoma and had surgical specimens available for pathological examination. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to examine risk factors associated with subsequent cholangiocarcinoma after hepatolithiasis and hepatolithiasis-related death. In 28 patients with BilIN lesions, the specimens were immunohistochemically stained for γ-H2AX and S100P. RESULTS: In the study cohort, the causes of death were subsequent cholangiocarcinoma, biliary cirrhosis, and other diseases in 5, 3, and 7 patients, respectively. Liver atrophy, precancerous lesions, postoperative repeated cholangitis, and jaundice for ≥1 week during the follow-up period were risk factors for hepatolithiasis-related death. Multivariate analysis showed that liver atrophy and precancerous lesions were independent risk factors for hepatolithiasis-related death. Liver atrophy or precancerous lesions were also risk factors for subsequent cholangiocarcinoma by univariate analysis. The positive expression of γ-H2AX and S100P was observed in 18 and 14 of the 28 BilIN lesions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Liver atrophy and precancerous lesions with malignant transformation were risk factors not only for subsequent cholangiocarcinoma but also hepatolithiasis-related death after liver resection for hepatolithiasis, indicating that long-term follow-up is necessary even after liver resection in patients harboring these risk factors.
.


Assuntos
Atrofia/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Litíase/cirurgia , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/mortalidade , Idoso , Atrofia/etiologia , Atrofia/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/etiologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/etiologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Litíase/patologia , Hepatopatias/patologia , Masculino , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/etiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0240859, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151969

RESUMO

The real-world status of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) receiving antithrombotic treatment is largely unknown. The All Nippon AF In the Elderly (ANAFIE) Registry, a prospective, multicenter, observational study, aimed to determine treatment patterns, risk factors, and outcomes among elderly (aged ≥75 years) Japanese non-valvular AF (NVAF) patients in the real-world clinical setting. The present subanalysis of the ANAFIE Registry determined the PPI prescription status of 32,490 elderly Japanese NVAF patients. Patients were stratified by PPI use (PPI+) or no PPI use (PPI-). Risk scores for stroke (CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc) and bleeding (HAS-BLED), anticoagulant use, time in therapeutic range (TTR) for warfarin, and anticoagulant/antiplatelet combination use were evaluated. PPIs were used in 11,981 (36.9%) patients. Compared with the PPI- group, the PPI+ group included a greater proportion of female patients (45.2% vs 41.3%; P <0.0001) and had significantly higher CHADS2, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED scores (P <0.0001 for each) as well as higher prevalences of several comorbidities. In the PPI+ group, 54.6% of patients did not have gastrointestinal (GI) disorders and were likely prescribed a PPI to prevent GI bleeding events. Most of the patients with a GI disorder in the PPI+ group had reflux esophagitis. Compared with patients not receiving anticoagulants, a significantly higher proportion of patients receiving anticoagulants received PPIs. For patients receiving anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs, and both drugs, rates of PPI use were 34.1%, 44.1%, and 53.5%, respectively (P <0.01). Although the rate of PPI use was the highest for NVAF patients receiving both antiplatelet and anticoagulants, no clear differences were observed in the anticoagulants used. These data suggest that PPIs were actively prescribed in high-risk cases and may have been used to prevent GI bleeding among elderly NVAF patients receiving antithrombotic drugs. Trial registration: UMIN000024006.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Estudos de Coortes , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 20144, 2020 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214605

RESUMO

Although patients suffering from atrial fibrillation have increased worldwide, detailed information about factors associated with bleeding during direct oral anticoagulant therapy remains insufficient. We studied 1086 patients for whom direct oral anticoagulants were initiated for non-valvular atrial fibrillation between April 2011 and June 2017. Endpoints were clinically relevant bleeding or major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events until the end of December 2018. Incidences of bleeding and thrombosis were 4.5 per 100 person-years and 4.7 per 100 person-years, respectively. Most bleeding events represented gastrointestinal bleeding. Multivariate analysis revealed initiation of anticoagulants at ≥ 85 years old as significantly associated with bleeding, particularly gastrointestinal bleeding, but not major cardiac and cerebrovascular events. Other significant factors included chronic kidney disease, low-dose aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. For gastrointestinal bleeding alone, histories of gastrointestinal bleeding and malignancy also showed positive correlations, in addition to the above-mentioned factors. Clinicians should pay greater attention to the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding when considering prescription of anticoagulants to patients ≥ 85 years old with atrial fibrillation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/etiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Trombose/induzido quimicamente
11.
Intern Med ; 59(19): 2353-2358, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999264

RESUMO

Objective Liver injury is a notable complication of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to clarify the clinical features and liver injury in Japanese patients with COVID-19. Methods We conducted a multicenter retrospective cohort study. All consecutive patients with COVID-19 who visited or were admitted to our hospital before May 12, 2020, were enrolled. Their demographics, symptoms, laboratory findings, comorbidities, concomitant drugs, treatment, and clinical course were reviewed. We defined liver injury as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels over the upper limit of normal. Results Twenty-two patients with COVID-19 (median age, 47 years old; men/women, 13/9) were enrolled. Two patients had underlying liver diseases, and two were diagnosed as having COVID-19 without any symptoms. Elevated ALT and GGT levels were found in 12 and 12 patients, respectively, and liver injury was observed in 15 patients (68.2%). Compared with the patients without liver injury, those with liver injury had a significantly higher fever during the clinical course (median, 37.5°C vs. 38.8°C, p=0.006). A significant correlation was found between the highest serum liver values and the highest body temperature in each patient. Among the 22 patients, 4 required artificial respiratory support, and 2 died thereafter. Liver injury was not associated with the severity or mortality of COVID-19. Conclusion Elevated levels of liver enzymes in the Japanese patients with COVID-19 were associated with the highest body temperature during the clinical course but not with the severity or mortality of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hepatopatias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Temperatura Corporal , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
12.
Inflamm Intest Dis ; 5(1): 36-41, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232053

RESUMO

Background: The number of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients is increasing in Japan and other countries. Selective depletion of myeloid lineage leucocytes by adsorptive granulocyte and monocyte apheresis (GMA) with an Adacolumn (JIMRO, Takasaki, Japan) was introduced as a nonpharmacologic treatment strategy in UC patients in 2000. GMA has been reported to be effective in clinical trials; however, the effect of concomitant prednisolone (PSL) on GMA needs to be clarified. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with active UC were treated with GMA at our institute between June 2009 and September 2018. All patients received GMA therapy once or twice a week with the Adacolumn. Conventional medication was to be continued during the whole GMA treatment course. The clinical response was retrospectively evaluated. Results: According to the partial Mayo score, remission was 33.3%, significant efficacy 25.6%, effective 25.6%, and no response 15.4%. The average partial Mayo score was 6.2 ± 1.4 at entry and significantly declined to 1.8 ± 1.8 after GMA sessions (p < 0.0001). The average number of bowel movements was 9.5 ± 5.6 at entry and significantly declined to 3.0 ± 2.8 after GMA sessions (p < 0.0001). In a comparison between the group treated with concomitant PSL and the group without PSL, the change in partial Mayo score or the number of bowel movements from entry to after GMA sessions was not significantly different. Among 24 patients treated by GMA with concomitant PSL, 75% (18/24) became steroid free. Conclusions: The effect of GMA with concomitant PSL and that of GMA without PSL were not different, and GMA was effective irrespective of PSL administration. The present study showed that GMA had efficacy and led many UC patients treated by PSL to be steroid free with no safety concern in the real world, although there is the possibility of recruitment bias due to the retrospective nature of the study.

13.
J Oral Biosci ; 62(2): 189-194, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Root-caries, which frequently occurs in elderly people, is more difficult to treat than caries in a tooth crown, especially in filling restorations. To overcome this difficulty, it is essential to find a strategy for sufficiently sterilizing the infected dentin; however, techniques for sterilizing carious pathogens inside the biofilm, called dental plaque, have not yet been established. Recently, dental applications of plasma sterilization technology have attracted attention. The mechanism of plasma sterilization became clear, and revealed that peroxynitric acid (PNA) is an effective sterilization substance. Highly concentrated PNA solutions can be chemically synthesized in large quantities without using plasma technology. We thought that the application of PNA solution could be a novel treatment for root caries, and examined the microbicidal effect and safety of PNA. METHODS: A sterilization experiment was performed using an extracted tooth model infected with Streptococcus mutans. Subsequently, a biofilm of S. mutans and Candida albicans was formed on a plate or a dentin slice, and sterilization experiments were performed in comparison with chlorhexidine. Furthermore, a toxicity test of PNA was performed using an epithelial tissue model. RESULTS: In the infection model, sterilization was achieved with a 22 mM PNA solution in only 10 s. In the biofilm model, a 22 mM PNA solution showed a higher microbicidal effect than 2.0% chlorhexidine. In the toxicity test, 2.0% chlorhexidine was toxic, but a 220 mM PNA solution showed no toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: PNA is an unprecedented disinfectant that has high microbicidal activity on biofilm and is safe for tissues.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Idoso , Biofilmes , Dentina , Humanos , Nitratos , Streptococcus mutans
14.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 104: 103643, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174402

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to assess the influence of filling techniques on residual polymerization stresses in resin composite restorations of the tooth. Flat planes were ground in buccal enamel surfaces of extracted human premolars, followed by preparing Class II cavities. Indentation cracks were introduced in the planes and crack lengths were measured mesio-distally (x-direction) and cervico-incisally (y-direction). Cavities were filled with a resin composite and an adhesive using three methods; one with bulk filling and two with differing incremental filling techniques. The x- and y-tensile stresses were calculated from crack lengths measured repeatedly over 360 min after filling. Elastic modulus and polymerization shrinkage of the composite were also measured. Filling technique and time after fillings were statistically significant only for the y-stress. The incremental techniques generated smaller stresses than the bulk filling. The stresses developed for 60 min after filling, while the modulus and the shrinkage stopped developing within 10 min and 2 min after irradiation, respectively. The incremental technique, in which the proximal portion of the cavity was filled first, was effective in decreasing the residual tensile stress generated by the polymerization of resin composite.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dente Pré-Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Módulo de Elasticidade , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Polimerização
16.
Arerugi ; 68(9): 1132-1140, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common comorbidity among patients with asthma. In addition, functional dyspepsia (FD) is characterized by upper abdominal symptoms without organic disease manifestations. However, the prevalence of FD among patients with asthma remains uninvestigated; therefore, herein, we investigated the prevalence of dyspepsia symptoms in these patients. METHODS: We recruited 156 patients with asthma from the outpatient clinic of Teikyo University Hospital and investigated the prevalence of dyspepsia symptoms using the modified Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of GERD. Further, the relationship between dyspepsia symptoms and clinical background of asthma was also investigated. RESULTS: Certain digestive organ symptoms were exhibited by 83% of patients with asthma, dyspepsia symptoms by 44%, and reflux symptoms by 26%. The dyspepsia-dominant group showed significantly higher female ratio and numerically lower %FEV1 than the asymptomatic group. In the group with dyspepsia score >5 points, the ratio of patients undergoing step 4 asthma treatment and the ratio of those using long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonist were higher than those in the group with a score <5 points. Furthermore, endoscopic diagnosis was also made in 84 patients and the prevalence of FD was 21%. CONCLUSION: A considerable proportion of patients with asthma exhibited dyspepsia symptoms, and the asthma severity in patients with dyspepsia was higher than those in asymptomatic patients. Based on the current findings, more attention should be directed to FD, in addition to GERD, as a comorbidity of the digestive system in patients with asthma.


Assuntos
Asma/complicações , Dispepsia/complicações , Refluxo Gastroesofágico/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência
17.
Biomed Mater Eng ; 30(4): 365-374, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ceramic crown that fires the layering porcelain on zirconia corping is starting to be used due to aesthetic requirements. However, many ceramics are used, but wear characteristics are often unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the wear of human enamel by porcelains, and to determine the influence of porcelain hardness, surface roughness and crystal of porcelain on the enamel wear. METHODS: Enamel specimens were prepared from extracted human molar teeth. Porcelain specimens were prepared from Deguceram Gold, Vita Omega 900, and Cercon Ceram Kiss. Enamel wear volume was calculated and the porcelain wear depth, surface roughness and Vickers hardness was measured. Moreover, the observation of a crystal by scanning electron microscope and the crystal by X-ray diffraction were identified. RESULTS: Omega 900 showed the smallest enamel wear volume and porcelain wear depth. The Vickers hardnesses of Omega 900 and Cercon Ceram Kiss were almost identical. Leucite was detected from Deguceram Gold and Omega 900, and Silica and Silicon Nitride were detected from Cercon Ceram Kiss. CONCLUSIONS: The enamel wear is influenced not by the hardness of the porcelain but by the surface roughness, the size and shape of the crystal.


Assuntos
Coroas , Esmalte Dentário/anatomia & histologia , Porcelana Dentária/química , Coroas/efeitos adversos , Cristalização , Esmalte Dentário/química , Porcelana Dentária/efeitos adversos , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dureza , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Propriedades de Superfície , Difração de Raios X
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(17)2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480654

RESUMO

Protamine is an antimicrobial peptide extracted from fish. In this study, we loaded protamine onto dicalcium phosphate anhydride (DCPA), a dental material. Protamine was loaded by stirring DCPA into a protamine solution. To explore the antimicrobial activity of the materials, we cultivated Streptococcus mutans on fabricated discs for 24 h. When S. mutans was cultivated on the discs under no sucrose conditions, the loaded protamine was not released, and the ratio of dead bacteria increased on the surface of P (125) DCPA (half of the saturated level of protamine (125 ppm protamine) was loaded). Aside from P (500) DCPA (saturated level of protamine was loaded), some protamine was released, and the number of planktonic bacteria in the supernatant decreased. Using medium containing 1% sucrose, the release of protamine was promoted from P (125) DCPA due to lowered pH. However, lowering of the pH decreased the antimicrobial activity of protamine. On the other hand, P (500) DCPA released protamine before the pH was lowered, and biofilm formation was inhibited. The loaded protamine expressed antimicrobial activity, both on the surface of the materials and in the surrounding environment. The interaction of loaded protamine with calcium phosphates could promote the application of protamine in the dental field.

20.
J Dermatol ; 46(1): 73-75, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30474867

RESUMO

Generalized pustular psoriasis (GPP) is a systemic inflammatory disease that presents with erythema and sterile pustules, pathologically characterized by Kogoj's spongiform pustules. GPP is sometimes accompanied by mucosal involvement, and the most common lesion is on the tongue. IL36RN mutation was found to contribute to the pathogenesis of GPP especially in patients who develop GPP without a past medical history of psoriasis vulgaris. The association of IL36RN mutation with mucosal involvement in GPP is controversial. We herein report a 60-year-old male GPP patient with no past history of plaque psoriasis presenting with not only severe skin lesions and arthritis but also severe mucosal involvements of pharyngeal and gastrointestinal lesions, which led to gastrointestinal bleeding. Our case did not have any mutation in the IL36RN gene. We should be aware that severe GPP can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. The relevancy of IL36RN mutation with mucosal involvement in GPP remains to be elucidated.


Assuntos
Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Úlcera Duodenal/etiologia , Doenças do Esôfago/etiologia , Melena/etiologia , Psoríase/complicações , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Úlcera Duodenal/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera Duodenal/patologia , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Doenças do Esôfago/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Esôfago/patologia , Mucosa Esofágica/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Esofágica/patologia , Humanos , Interleucinas/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Melena/diagnóstico por imagem , Melena/patologia , Melena/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Psoríase/genética , Psoríase/patologia , Pele/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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