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1.
JAMA Netw Open ; 4(4): e214475, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822065

RESUMO

Importance: The development of Kawasaki disease (KD) has been suggested to be associated with droplet- or contact-transmitted infection; however, its triggers and transmission modes remain to be determined. Under an epidemic of SARS-CoV-2, the COVID-19 state of emergency in Japan served as a nationwide social experiment to investigate the impact of quarantine or isolation on the incidence of KD. Objective: To assess the role of droplet or contact transmission in the etiopathogenesis of KD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, longitudinal, cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2020 at Fukuoka Children's Hospital and 5 adjacent general hospitals. The number of admissions for KD and infectious diseases were analyzed. Participants were pediatric patients admitted to the participating hospitals for KD or infectious diseases. Exposures: Quarantine and isolation owing to the COVID-19 state of emergency. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end points were the ratios of patients with KD to patients with respiratory tract or gastrointestinal infections admitted from April to May in 2015 to 2019 and 2020. A Poisson regression model was used to analyze them. Results: The study participants included 1649 patients with KD (median [interquartile range] age, 25 [13-43] months; 901 boys [54.6%]) and 15 586 patients with infectious disease (data on age and sex were not available for these patients). The number of admissions for KD showed no significant change between April and May in 2015 to 2019 vs the same months in 2020 (mean [SD], 24.8 [5.6] vs 18.0 [4.0] admissions per month; 27.4% decrease; adjusted incidence rate ratio [aIRR], 0.73; 95% CI, 0.48-1.10; P = .12). However, the number of admissions for droplet-transmitted or contact-transmitted respiratory tract infections (mean [SD], 157.6 [14.4] vs 39.0 [15.0] admissions per month; 75.3% decrease; aIRR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.17-0.35; P < .001) and gastrointestinal infections (mean [SD], 43.8 [12.9] vs 6.0 [2.0] admissions per month; 86.3% decrease; aIRR, 0.14; 95% CI, 0.04-0.43; P < .001) showed significant decreases between April and May in 2015 to 2019 vs the same months in 2020 (total, 12 254 infections). Thus, the ratio of KD to droplet- or contact-transmitted respiratory tract and gastrointestinal infections incidence in April and May 2020 was significantly increased (ratio, 0.40 vs 0.12; χ21 = 22.76; P < .001). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, the significantly increased incidence of KD compared with respiratory tract and gastrointestinal infections during the COVID-19 state of emergency suggests that contact or droplet transmission is not a major route for KD development and that KD may be associated with airborne infections in most cases.

2.
Circ J ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790144

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) remains a diagnostic challenge due to difficulties in detecting endocardial lesions by echocardiography. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has shown good diagnostic performance in prosthetic valve IE. This study aimed to assess its additional diagnostic value in ACHD-associated IE and to characterize its advantages.Methods and Results:Overall, 22 patients with ACHD and clinical suspicion of IE were retrospectively studied. 18F-FDG PET/CT was performed in addition to conventional assessment based on the modified Duke criteria. The final IE diagnosis was determined by an expert team during a 3-month clinical course, resulting in 18 patients diagnosed with IE. Seven patients (39%) were diagnosed with definite IE only by initial echocardiography. An 18F-FDG PET/CT assessment revealed endocardial involvement in the other 9 patients, resulting in the diagnosis of definite IE in 16 in total (88%). Right-sided endocardial lesions were more common (n=12, 67%) but rarely identified by echocardiography, whereas 18F-FDG PET/CT revealed right-sided lesions in 9 patients. A negative 18F-FDG PET/CT (n=7, 39%) assessment was associated with a native valve IE (71% vs. 0%). In 4 patients who were identified with not-IE, neither echocardiography nor 18F-FDG PET/CT detected any suspicious cardiac involvement. CONCLUSIONS: In the diagnosis of ACHD-associated IE, characterized by right-sided IE, 18F-FDG PET/CT assessment should be useful.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33539042

RESUMO

We report a modified technique of wire atrial septostomy (WAS) with a reverse transseptal puncture (TSP) in an infant case of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. A radiofrequency (RF) wire was advanced to the septum through a 4 Fr pigtail catheter hooked on the left side of atrial septum and RF energy was applied while advancing the wire across the septum. Following that reverse TSP, WAS was performed to cut the septal tissue using a 0.010 microwire and RF wire. The atrial septum defect (ASD) was enlarged to a size of 15 mm. WAS with a reverse TSP could be a useful and safe method to enlarge ASD in infants with congenital heart diseases.

4.
Int J Cardiol ; 330: 43-49, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Although pre-pregnancy pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) may be considered in some women to attenuate risk, published data to support this practice are lacking. Our objective was to explore the impact of pre-pregnancy PVR on pregnancy outcomes in rTOF. METHODS: Women with rTOF and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) before and after pregnancy were included if CMR studies were completed within 3 years of pregnancy. Subjects were compared according to presence (+) or absence (-) of PVR at pre-pregnancy CMR. Pregnancy outcomes (cardiovascular, obstetric, and fetal/neonatal) were documented. RESULTS: Of the 29 study women identified, 7 were PVR+ and 22 were PVR-. Post-pregnancy, the PVR- group demonstrated interval increase in indexed right ventricular end-diastolic volumes (RVEDVi) (157 ± 28 versus 166 ± 33 ml/m2, p = 0.003) and end-systolic volumes (RVESVi) (82 ± 17 versus 89 ± 20 ml/m2, p = 0.003) as compared with pre-pregnancy, but no significant change in RV ejection fraction, RV mass, or left ventricular measurements. In the PVR+ group, there were no interval changes in RV measurements pre-versus post pregnancy. Interval rate of change in RVESVi of PVR- exceeded PVR+ women (+3.7 ± 5.0 versus -2.2 ± 5.0 ml/m2/year, p = 0.03). Pregnancy outcomes did not differ in PVR+ versus PVR- women. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy outcomes did not differ according to PVR status in our cohort. While RV volumes remained unchanged in PVR+ women, interval RV dilation was observed in PVR- women. Additional study of a larger population with longer follow-up may further inform clinical practice regarding pre-pregnancy PVR.

5.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 61(9): 1373-1381, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162538

RESUMO

Evidence of the molecular epidemiology of thrombophilia is growing, and the clinical management of adult thromboembolism patients has recently made significant progress. On the other hand, there is little or no evidence concerning the genetic variation, treatment, and prophylaxis of thromboembolism development in the early life stage. The clinical presentation of early-onset thrombosis/thrombophilia, which mostly occurs in newborns and adolescents, differs from that in cases of adult-onset. Recurrent purpura fulminans and/or intracranial hemorrhage/infarction leads to dangerous lifelong complications. As in the setting of cancer genomic medicine, germline variants require determination for the individualized control of early-onset thrombophilia. The genetic predisposition to thrombosis varies among ethnicities. In the Japanese population, the protein S variant (PS-Tokushima, K196E) has attracted attention as the cause of a common and low-risk prothrombotic predisposition in adults, while protein C deficiency greatly impacts the onset of pediatric thrombosis. In 2020, 3 years after the registration of idiopathic thrombosis as a designated intractable disease, genetic tests have been promulgated for health insurance portability. Disease-specific therapy for early-onset thrombophilia is crucial. Here, we review the genetic heterogeneity, prophylaxis, and treatment strategy of the rare subgroups of severe heritable thrombosis conditions in Japan.

6.
Heart ; 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33115764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Fontan circulation are known to be at high risk for developing atrial tachyarrhythmias (AAs). Our objective was to examine the efficacy and safety of amiodarone in the management of ATs in adult Fontan patients. METHODS: Primary outcomes of this single-centre, retrospective study included freedom from AAs and incidence of adverse effects of amiodarone on Fontan patients. Heart failure (HF) events and composite outcomes of death from any cause, Fontan revision and heart transplantation were evaluated as secondary outcomes. Predictors of HF and discontinuing amiodarone were also evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 61 patients (mean age 31.6±11.3 years, 40.9% female), who were treated with amiodarone in between 1995 and 2018, were included. AAs free survival at 1, 3 and 5 years were 76.2%, 56.9% and 30.6%, respectively. During a median follow-up of 50.5 months, 34 (55.7%) patients developed side effects, and 20 (32.8%) patients discontinued amiodarone due to side effects. Thyroid dysfunction was the most common side effect (n=26, 76.5%), amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) (n=16, 27.1%) being most common thyroid dysfunction. Young age (age <28.5 years) was associated with discontinuing amiodarone (HR 5.50, 95% CI 1.19 to 25.4, p=0.029). AIT significantly increased risk of HF (HR 4.82, 95% CI 1.71 to 13.6, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Short-term efficacy of amiodarone in Fontan physiology is acceptable. However, long-term administration is associated with a reduction of efficacy and a significant prevalence of non-cardiac side effects. AIT is associated with exacerbation of HF. The judicious use of amiodarone administration should be considered in this population.

7.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(5): H938-H947, 2020 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886004

RESUMO

In patients with heart failure, atrial septal defect (ASD) closure has a risk of inducing life-threatening acute pulmonary edema. The objective of this study was to develop a novel framework for quantitative prediction of hemodynamics after ASD closure. The generalized circulatory equilibrium comprises right and left cardiac output (CO) curves and pulmonary and systemic venous return surfaces. We incorporated ASD into the framework of circulatory equilibrium by representing ASD shunt flow (QASD) by the difference between pulmonary flow (QP) and systemic flow (QS). To examine the accuracy of prediction, we created ASD in six dogs. Four weeks after ASD creation, we measured left atrial pressure (PLA), right atrial pressure (PRA), QP, and Qs before and after ASD balloon occlusion. We then predicted postocclusion hemodynamics from measured preocclusion hemodynamics. Finally, we numerically simulated hemodynamics under various ASD diameters while changing left and right ventricular function. Predicted postocclusion PLA, PRA, and QS from preocclusion hemodynamics matched well with those measured [PLA: coefficient of determination (r2) = 0.96, standard error of estimate (SEE) = 0.89 mmHg, PRA: r2 = 0.98, SEE = 0.26 mmHg, QS: r2 = 0.97, SEE = 5.6 mL·min-1·kg-1]. A simulation study demonstrated that ASD closure increases the risk of pulmonary edema in patients with impaired left ventricular function and normal right ventricular function, indicating the importance of evaluation for the balance between right and left ventricular function. ASD shunt incorporated into the generalized circulatory equilibrium accurately predicted hemodynamics after ASD closure, which would facilitate safety management of ASD closure.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We developed a framework to predict the impact of atrial septal defect (ASD) closure on hemodynamics by incorporating ASD shunt flow into the framework of circulatory equilibrium. The proposed framework accurately predicted hemodynamics after ASD closure. Patient-specific prediction of hemodynamics may be useful for safety management of ASD closure.

8.
J Pediatr ; 227: 224-230.e3, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the frequency and characteristics of discrepant outcomes of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) between fever and coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) in patients with Kawasaki disease. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 325 patients who responded to oral aspirin and IVIG alone. The main outcome was CAA 4 weeks after disease onset. CAA was defined as ≥2.5 of maximum z score (Zmax) representing the highest value of 4 coronary artery branches. Immunoglobulin dosage and sequential changes in Zmax were reviewed to investigate the effects on fever and timing of CAA development. Logistic regression analyses with receiver operating characteristic curves using clinical and laboratory variables including the initial Zmax were performed to identify predictors of CAA at 4 weeks. RESULTS: CAAs were either persistent or appeared de novo 4 weeks after diagnosis in 13 of 325 patients who responded to a single or repeated IVIG. Four single-dose IVIG-responders developed CAA although they had pretreatment Zmax of <2.0. The 2 single-dose IVIG responders with the greatest pretreatment Zmax (>4.5) developed persistent CAA. Receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated Zmax of 2.57 as the cut-off for predicting CAA. Multivariable analyses identified >2.5 Zmax (OR 9.08, 95% CI 1.26-65.3, P = .028, 50% sensitivity, 91% specificity) as the sole risk factor for CAA at 4 weeks in single-dose IVIG responders. CONCLUSIONS: Delayed development and persistence of CAA in single-dose IVIG responders indicate that some factors other than those responsible for systemic inflammation may contribute to vasculitis in CAA. Baseline Zmax 2.5 aids in predicting CAAs.

9.
Heart ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748799

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although a life-preserving surgery for children with single ventricle physiology, the Fontan palliation is associated with striking morbidity and mortality with advancing age. Our primary objective was to evaluate the impact of non-invasive, external, thoraco-abdominal ventilation on pulmonary blood flow (PBF) and cardiac output (CO) as measured by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging in adult Fontan subjects. METHODS: Adults with a dominant left ventricle post-Fontan palliation (lateral tunnel or extracardiac connections) and healthy controls matched by sex and age were studied. We evaluated vascular flows using phase-contrast CMR imaging during unassisted breathing, negative pressure ventilation (NPV) and biphasic ventilation (BPV). Measurements were made within target vessels (aorta, pulmonary arteries, vena cavae and Fontan circuit) at baseline and during each ventilation mode. RESULTS: Ten Fontan subjects (50% male, 24.5 years (IQR 20.8-34.0)) and 10 matched controls were studied. Changes in PBF and CO, respectively, were greater following BPV as compared with NPV. In subjects during NPV, PBF increased by 8% (Δ0.20 L/min/m2 (0.10-0.53), p=0.011) while CO did not change significantly (Δ0.17 L/min/m2 (-0.11-0.23), p=0.432); during BPV, PBF increased by 25% (Δ0.61 L/min/m2 (0.20-0.84), p=0.002) and CO increased by 16% (Δ0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71), p=0.010). Following BPV, change in PBF and CO were both significantly higher in subjects versus controls (0.61 L/min/m2 (0.2-0.84) vs -0.27 L/min/m2 (-0.55-0.13), p=0.001; and 0.47 L/min/m2 (0.21-0.71) vs 0.07 L/min/m2 (-0.47-0.33), p=0.034, respectively). CONCLUSION: External ventilation acutely augments PBF and CO in adult Fontan subjects. Confirmation of these findings in larger populations with longer duration of ventilation and extended follow-up will be required to determine sustainability of haemodynamic effects.

10.
Heart Vessels ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844287

RESUMO

Portosystemic venous shunt (PSVS) is a vascular anomaly between the portal and systemic veins, resulting in several critical complications. Although PSVS is often associated with congenital heart diseases, the clinical association between Fontan circulation and PSVS has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of Fontan patients with PSVS. Two hundred thirteen patients who underwent Fontan procedure are being followed up at Adult Congenital Heart Disease clinic in Kyushu University Hospital. Among them, 139 adult patients underwent cardiac catheterization between January 1, 2011 and September 30, 2019. Medical records were reviewed to investigate the laboratory, echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization findings, as well as clinical manifestations and outcomes. Eleven Fontan patients received the diagnosis of PSVS. The median age at cardiac catheterization was 25 (range 18-45) years. Fontan operation was performed using extracardiac conduit or lateral tunnel 22 (16-35) years previously. Ten patients presented with chronic heart failure [New York Heart Association class 2 (n = 5) and 3 (n = 5)]. The median level of peripheral oxygen saturation was 87 (70-95)%. Cardiac catheterization showed increased cardiac index [5.3 (2.72-14.3) L/min/m2] with or without high central venous pressure [18 (9-25) mmHg]. Although the pulmonary vascular resistance was within the normal range, the systemic vascular resistance was decreased [7.08 (1.74-18.6) Wood units]. Fontan patients complicated with PSVS had increased cardiac output. The presence of PSVS in Fontan circulation might be associated with unfavorable long-term outcome.

11.
Magn Reson Med Sci ; 2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32595187

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine which sequence for frequently used general contrast-enhanced brain MRI shows the least radiofrequency shielding effect of a titanium mesh in cranioplasty using a phantom. METHODS: A 1.5T MRI scanner was used. Frequently used general 2D and 3D spin-echo sequences (SE) and T1 spoiled gradient echo sequences (GRE) used for MRI in clinical settings were adopted in this study. A titanium mesh was placed above a cubic phantom containing manganese chloride tetrahydrate and sodium chloride. The signal attenuation ratio and normalized absolute average deviation (NAAD) were calculated. Moreover, the flip angle (FA) dependency in SE and area of excitation dependency in 3D sequences were analyzed using NAAD. RESULTS: The signal attenuation ratio at the position nearest to the titanium mesh for 2D SE was 71.8% larger than that at the position nearest to the titanium mesh for 3D GRE. With regard to NAAD, 3D GRE showed the highest values among the sequences. When FA was increased, radiofrequency shielding effect was improved. There were no significant differences between the narrow and wide area of excitation. 3D GRE showed the least radiofrequency shielding effect, and it was considered as the optimal sequence for MRI in the presence of a titanium mesh. CONCLUSION: 3D GRE shows the least radiofrequency shielding effect of a titanium mesh after cranioplasty among frequently used general sequences for contrast-enhanced brain MRI.

13.
Heart Vessels ; 35(5): 742, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130490

RESUMO

In the original publication of the article, under the results section, the following sentence.

14.
Heart Vessels ; 35(3): 384-390, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535200

RESUMO

Gradient-echo T2-star (T2*)-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a sensitive method to detect cerebral microbleeds (CMBs). The presence of CMBs was reported to be a marker of future cardiovascular mortality and is associated with various cardiovascular risk factors, use of antithrombotic drugs, and cognitive dysfunction. However, the relationship between cardiac function and CMBs remains unclear. We investigated the association between cardiac function and presence of CMBs in patients with cardiovascular diseases. This single-center retrospective study included a total of 424 participants (mean age 70 ± 12 years; men 286 (67%); mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 61% ± 12%] who underwent echocardiography and brain T2*-weighted MRI within 1 month without neurologic abnormality. CMBs were found in 118 (28%) patients. There was no significant relationship between CMBs and anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy. LVEF was significantly lower in patients with CMBs than in those without CMBs (59% ± 13% vs. 62% ± 11%, P < 0.05). On multivariate logistic analysis, lower LVEF [odds ratio (OR) 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.96-1.00; P < 0.05] and age (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.00-1.05; P < 0.05) were significantly associated with CMBs. The presence of CMBs was frequently observed in the patients with cardiovascular disease and was significantly associated with age and LVEF.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
15.
Circ J ; 84(2): 226-234, 2020 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is a cardiomyopathy characterized by prominent trabeculae and intertrabecular recesses. We present the cases of 3 girls with the sameryanodine receptor type 2(RYR2) mutation who had phenotypes of both catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) and LVNC .Methods and Results:Clinical characteristics and genetic background of the 3 patients were analyzed retrospectively. Age at onset was 5, 6, and 7 years, respectively. Clinical presentation included syncope during exercise in all 3 patients and cardiac arrest in 2 patients. LVNC diagnosis was confirmed on echocardiography according to previously defined criteria. Exercise stress testing provoked ventricular arrhythmia in two of the patients. Beta-blockers (n=3) and flecainide (n=2) were given, and an implantable cardioverter defibrillator was used in 1 patient. Genotyping identified the sameRYR2-R169Q missense mutation and no other CPVT- or LVNC-related gene mutations. Functional analysis of the mutation using HEK293 cells with single-cell Ca2+imaging and [3H]ryanodine binding analysis, indicated a gain of function: a reduced threshold for overload-induced Ca2+release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and increased fractional Ca2+release. CONCLUSIONS: The rare association of LVNC and CPVT phenotypes withRYR2mutations is less likely to be coincidental. Screening for life-threatening arrhythmias using exercise or pharmacologic stress tests is recommended in LVNC patients to prevent sudden cardiac death in those with preserved LV function.


Assuntos
Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/genética , Taquicardia Ventricular/genética , Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Antiarrítmicos/uso terapêutico , Sinalização do Cálcio , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Feminino , Flecainida/uso terapêutico , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Células HEK293 , Hereditariedade , Humanos , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/diagnóstico por imagem , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/metabolismo , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/terapia , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Canal de Liberação de Cálcio do Receptor de Rianodina/metabolismo , Retículo Sarcoplasmático/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/metabolismo , Taquicardia Ventricular/terapia
16.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782770

RESUMO

AIMS: Coronary arteritis is a life-threatening complication that may arise in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD), the leading cause of systemic vasculitis in childhood. Various microorganisms and molecular pathogens have been reported to cause KD. However, little is known about the key molecules that contribute to the development of coronary arteritis in KD. METHODS AND RESULTS: To identify causative molecules for coronary arteritis in KD, we prospectively recruited 105 patients with KD and 65 disease controls in 4 different parts of Japan from 2015 to 2018. During this period, we conducted lipidomics analyses of their sera using liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS). The comprehensive LC-MS system detected a total of 27,776 molecules harboring the unique retention time and m/z values. In the first cohort of 57 KD patients, we found that a fraction of these molecules showed enrichment patterns that varied with the sampling region and season. Among them, 28 molecules were recurrently identified in KD patients, but not in controls. The second and third cohorts of 48 more patients with KD revealed that these molecules were correlated with inflammatory markers (leukocyte counts and C-reactive proteins) in the acute stage. Notably, two of these molecules (m/z values: 822.55 and 834.59) were significantly associated with the development of coronary arteritis in the acute stage of KD. Their fragmentation patterns in the tandem MS/MS analysis were consistent with those of oxidized phosphatidylcholines. Further LC-MS/MS analysis supported the concept that reactive oxygen species caused the non-selective oxidization of phosphatidylcholines in KD patients. In addition, the concentrations of LOX-1 ligand containing apolipoprotein B in the plasma of KD patients were significantly higher than in controls. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that inflammatory signals activated by oxidized phospholipids are involved in the pathogenesis of coronary arteritis in KD. Because the present study recruited only Japanese patients, further examinations are required to determine whether oxidized phosphatidylcholines might be useful biomarkers for the development of coronary arteritis in broad populations of KD.

18.
Circ J ; 83(11): 2257-2264, 2019 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The average maternal age at delivery, and thus the associated maternal risk are increasing including in women with congenital heart disease (CHD). A comprehensive management approach is therefore required for pregnant women with CHD. The present study aimed to investigate the factors determining peripartum safety in women with CHD.Methods and Results:We retrospectively collected multicenter data for 217 pregnant women with CHD (age at delivery: 31.4±5.6 years; NYHA classifications I and II: 88.9% and 7.4%, respectively). CHD severity was classified according to the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines as simple (n=116), moderate complexity (n=69), or great complexity (n=32). Cardiovascular (CV) events (heart failure: n=24, arrhythmia: n=9) occurred in 30 women during the peripartum period. Moderate or great complexity CHD was associated with more CV events during gestation than simple CHD. CV events occurred earlier in women with moderate or great complexity compared with simple CHD. Number of deliveries (multiparity), NYHA functional class, and severity of CHD were predictors of CV events. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified not only the severity of CHD according to the ACC/AHA and NYHA classifications, but also the number of deliveries, as important predictive factors of CV events in women with CHD. This information should be made available to women with CHD and medical personnel to promote safe deliveries.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias Congênitas/complicações , Período Periparto , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias Congênitas/terapia , Humanos , Japão , Estudos Longitudinais , Idade Materna , Saúde Materna , Paridade , Segurança do Paciente , Gravidez , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Radiol Phys Technol ; 12(4): 417-425, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422526

RESUMO

Fat suppression is a technique used to suppress the signals from adipose tissues, during clinical evaluation of the tissues near the fat-tissue boundary. However, in cases where the scan area has a complicated shape, the effect of fat suppression may demonstrate poor uniformity, resulting in diagnosis-related difficulties. To improve the uniformity of fat suppression, phantom studies are more suitable than volunteer studies. In this study, we evaluated the reliability of the region of interest (ROI) dependency using an unevenness phantom, to develop a method to assess the uniformity of fat suppression while using whole magnetic resonance imaging by masking the surrounding phantom. We modulated different ROI sizes, which were eroded from 100% to approximately 50%, and observed that the normalized absolute average deviation and error increased with decreased ROI. Using our method, more objective, concrete, and accurate data could be obtained by including the whole-body phantom (whole poor uniformity area).


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/diagnóstico por imagem , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/instrumentação , Imagens de Fantasmas , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Humanos
20.
Int J Cardiol ; 287: 121-126, 2019 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congestive hepatopathy and hepatocellular carcinoma is a serious complication after Fontan procedure. Liver fibrosis due to hepatic congestion could occur also in adult patients after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). However, the incidence and severity remain unclear. METHODS: A total of 111 patients with adult congenital heart disease between 2009 and 2016 were enrolled. Liver fibrosis markers and hemodynamic parameters assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and catheterization were analyzed in 50 rTOF patients having significant pulmonary regurgitation and/or stenosis, 50 Fontan patients and 11 controls. RESULTS: Liver fibrosis markers in patients with rTOF were significantly higher than controls, and tended to be lower than Fontan patients (median, hyaluronic acid: 25.8 vs. 15.9 vs. 40.8, type IV collagen: 129 vs. 113 vs. 166, ng/mL, p < 0.05, respectively). Patients with rTOF showed abnormal hyaluronic acid levels more frequently than controls, and less frequently than Fontan patients (22% vs. 0% vs. 38%, respectively, p < 0.05). Multivariate analyses indicated a positive association of right atrial pressure with type IV-collagen or hyaluronic acid levels (each, p < 0.001, p = 0.003). Abdominal ultrasonography revealed hepatic congestion in 50% of rTOF patients tested. Liver biopsy of the two rTOF patients with highest hyaluronic acid levels showed pathological evidence of moderate and severe (F2 and F3) liver fibrosis and one had combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: We first demonstrated elevated liver fibrosis markers in adult patients with rTOF. These levels may help to predict the progressive liver disease as well as consider the timing of pulmonary valve replacement.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Colágeno Tipo IV/sangue , Ácido Hialurônico/sangue , Cirrose Hepática/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
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