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1.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957303

RESUMO

AIM: The Certolizumab-Optimal Prevention of joint damage for Early Rheumatoid Arthritis (C-OPERA) study demonstrated that in methotrexate (MTX)-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors, 1-year certolizumab pegol (CZP) therapy added to the first year of 2-year optimized MTX therapy brings radiographic and clinical benefits through 2 years even after stopping CZP. This exploratory analysis aimed to identify factors at baseline and at CZP discontinuation associated with successful CZP discontinuation. METHODS: MTX-naïve early RA patients with poor prognostic factors entered C-OPERA (NCT01451203), a multicenter, randomized controlled trial. Patients were randomized to CZP + MTX (n = 159) or PBO + MTX (n = 157); those who completed the 1-year, double-blind period received MTX alone in Year 2 (CZP + MTX→MTX, n = 108; PBO + MTX→MTX, n = 71). Association between factors at baseline or at discontinuation of CZP and clinical/radiographic outcomes were evaluated by multiple logistic regression analysis. Predictive value cut-offs were calculated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: Sex (male) and low baseline Disease Activity Score of 28 joints - erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) were associated with simple disease activity index (SDAI) remission (≤3.3), whereas high baseline DAS28-ESR and modified total Sharp score (mTSS) were associated with clinically relevant radiographic progression (yearly progression mTSS > 3) at Week 104 (across both treatment arms). Low DAS28-ESR (<2.1) and rheumatoid factor (RF; <74 IU/mL) at discontinuation of CZP were associated with SDAI remission at Week 104. At Week 104, SDAI remission was achieved by 75.0% (42/56) of patients with low DAS28-ESR and RF at discontinuation, compared to 15.4% (2/13) of patients with high DAS28-ESR and RF. CONCLUSION: Patients with low RF and low disease activity after treatment with CZP + MTX may be able to discontinue CZP without risk of loss of response.

2.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-20, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960737

RESUMO

Objectives. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of tacrolimus in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by using the GRADE approach.Methods. We searched PubMed, Japana Centra Revuo Medicina Web (Ichu-shi web), and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Articles fulfilling the predefined inclusion criteria were appraised and used for meta-analysis. The primary outcomes were American College of Rheumatology 20 (ACR20) and serum creatinine elevation. Other outcomes included ACR50, ACR70, changes in C-reactive protein, modified Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index, gastrointestinal disorders, metabolic and nutritional disorders, and infections and infestations.Results. We identified five randomized controlled studies, four of which compared tacrolimus to placebo and were included in the meta-analysis. The risk ratio of ACR20 achievement was 1.71 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-2.42) for 1-2 mg/day and 2.30 (95% CI 1.79-2.96) for 3 mg/day. The risk ratio of creatinine elevation was 1.95 (95% CI 1.18-3.23) for 1-2 mg/day and 3.81 (95% CI 2.43-5.99) for 3 mg/day.Conclusion. Tacrolimus is effective with acceptable safety in the management of RA.

3.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897954

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Palindromic rheumatism (PR) is a type of acute arthritis or periarthritis characterized by recurrence, paroxysmal, or intermittent disease attacks and occasionally progresses to other types of rheumatic disease. PR patients who are anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA)-negative have a high prevalence of MEFV gene polymorphisms, and intermittent hydrarthrosis (IH) is also associated with MEFV polymorphisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of and autoinflammatory syndrome-associated gene polymorphisms in patients with PR and IH and to identify predictive factors for developing other rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Six PR patients (four females; median age at disease onset, 20.0 years; median age at evaluation, 47.0 years) were retrospectively evaluated for clinical features and polymorphisms in genes responsible for autoinflammatory diseases. RESULTS: All six patients fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for PR and showed clinical feature of IH. Two presented with recurrent fever. All six patients were negative for rheumatoid factor and ACPA and had normal articular X-ray findings. Among the six patients, MEFV gene polymorphisms known to cause FMF were identified in four, CIAS1 mutation was observed in one, and TNFRSFIA mutation was observed in one. Colchicine was effective in three patients with MEFV polymorphisms. The other five patients continued to experience PR, although three patients achieved remission with medication. CONCLUSIONS: PR presenting with IH might be associated with gene polymorphisms responsible for autoinflammatory diseases; colchicine appears to be effective in these patients.Key Point• Palindromic rheumatism with intermittent hydrarthrosis might be associated with gene polymorphisms responsible for autoinflammatory diseases.

4.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-8, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826682

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate new bone erosion and cartilage destruction predictors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs).Methods: Placebo-treated patient data from two 12-month, randomized, double-blind, phase 2 (DRIVE) and 3 (DESIRABLE) trials that evaluated denosumab efficacy in csDMARD-treated RA patients were used. Change from baseline in erosion score (ES) of ≥1.0 at 12 months was considered new bone erosion; predictors were identified using a multivariate model.Results: Among 306 patients, mean ± standard deviation disease activity score 28-C-reactive protein (CRP) at baseline was 3.58 ± 1.03. New bone erosion was observed in 90 patients (29.4%). Univariate analysis identified female sex, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody positivity, rheumatoid factor (RF) positivity, tender joint count ≥6, CRP ≥0.3 mg/dL, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ≥28 mm/h, and baseline ES ≥3 as significant predictors for new bone erosion. In multivariate analysis, predictors were anti-CCP antibody positivity, CRP ≥0.3 mg/dL, and baseline ES ≥3; RF and ESR were excluded as they strongly correlated with anti-CCP antibody and CRP, respectively.Conclusion: In RA patients treated with csDMARDs, new bone erosion predictors were seropositivity, elevated inflammatory markers, and baseline ES ≥3. Trial registration number: DRIVE, JapicCTI-101263; DESIRABLE, NCT01973569.

5.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(1): 1-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475852

RESUMO

Real-world evidence, based on real-world data from routine clinical treatment, is becoming increasingly important for providing high-quality medical care. Large-scale cohort studies can provide useful access to some of this real-world evidence, as shown by the IORRA (Institute of Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis) cohort in Japan. This large cohort study of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been surveying enrolled participants since its inception in 2000. In the last 19 years, it has served as a database for a wide range of research in areas including transitions in medical care at the clinical level, changes in therapeutic drugs, approaches to comorbidities, developments in pharmacoeconomics, and the effects of genomic information on treatment options. This research has resulted in the publication of 133 articles in English to date. IORRA monitors changes in the management of RA, and has quantified over time the daily experience of clinicians who provide routine medical care. Such observational databases, which reflect the reality of daily clinical practice, will become increasingly important and may provide a model for similar research in other disease areas.

6.
Rheumatol Ther ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833011

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: YLB113 is a biosimilar of the reference product (RP), etanercept, under development for treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other approved indications. A phase 3 study was conducted in Europe, Japan, and India to compare the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of YLB113 with the RP over a treatment period of 52 weeks. METHODS: Overall, 528 patients with moderate-to-severe RA receiving concomitant methotrexate were randomized to receive a once-weekly, subcutaneous dose of 50 mg YLB113 or the RP. The primary endpoint was ACR20 response rate at week 24, with similarity confirmed if the 95% confidence interval (CI) for YLB113 and the RP was within the range of - 15 to 15%. Safety and immunogenicity endpoints were assessed to week 52. RESULTS: Based on the European analysis, in the full analysis set, ACR20 response at week 24 was 83.3% and 88.5% for YLB113 and the RP, respectively. Responses were within the predefined clinical equivalence margin. The sensitivity analysis in the per protocol set revealed a similar proportion of subjects exhibiting ACR20 response at week 24 between groups, with a difference of - 5.1% (95% CI - 11.07 to 0.81). The incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events was comparable between groups, and the incidence of antidrug antibody development to week 24 favored YLB113 (0.8 vs. 8.3%). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated biosimilarity of YLB113 to the RP regarding efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity in patients with moderate-to-severe RA. Based on the same mechanism of action, biosimilarity could be extrapolated to other therapeutic indications approved for etanercept. TRIAL REGISTRATION: EudraCT Number: 2015-002,809-12.

7.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-7, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625435

RESUMO

Objectives: To elucidate the epidemiological characteristics of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Japan using data from the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions, a nationwide questionnaire survey conducted in 2016.Methods: In total, 222,365 men and 245,251 women aged ≥16 years were included in the study. RA patients were defined as those who reported 'currently receiving treatment for RA at hospitals, clinics, or a facility for Japanese traditional massage, acupuncture, moxibustion, or judo-orthopedics.' The number of RA patients was estimated from the age-specific prevalence and total Japanese population in 2016. Further, the prevalence of individuals experiencing difficulties in activities of daily living due to health problems and those with mental distress as evaluated by K6 Scale was examined.Results: The estimated number and prevalence of RA in Japan with 95% confidence interval was 822 (768-880) thousand and 0.75% (0.70-0.80%). The population peaked in the late 60s, and the prevalence continued increasing until the early 80s, regardless of sex. Compared with non-RA participants, RA patients were more likely to experience difficulties in activities and to be distressed.Conclusion: High prevalence of RA in older age and mental and physical burden among RA patients were confirmed.

8.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1592-1600, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501138

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of standardisation in the terminology used to describe gout. The aim of this project was to develop a consensus statement describing the recommended nomenclature for disease states of gout. METHODS: A content analysis of gout-related articles from rheumatology and general internal medicine journals published over a 5-year period identified potential disease states and the labels commonly assigned to them. Based on these findings, experts in gout were invited to participate in a Delphi exercise and face-to-face consensus meeting to reach agreement on disease state labels and definitions. RESULTS: The content analysis identified 13 unique disease states and a total of 63 unique labels. The Delphi exercise (n=76 respondents) and face-to-face meeting (n=35 attendees) established consensus agreement for eight disease state labels and definitions. The agreed labels were as follows: 'asymptomatic hyperuricaemia', 'asymptomatic monosodium urate crystal deposition', 'asymptomatic hyperuricaemia with monosodium urate crystal deposition', 'gout', 'tophaceous gout', 'erosive gout', 'first gout flare' and 'recurrent gout flares'. There was consensus agreement that the label 'gout' should be restricted to current or prior clinically evident disease caused by monosodium urate crystal deposition (gout flare, chronic gouty arthritis or subcutaneous tophus). CONCLUSION: Consensus agreement has been established for the labels and definitions of eight gout disease states, including 'gout' itself. The Gout, Hyperuricaemia and Crystal-Associated Disease Network recommends the use of these labels when describing disease states of gout in research and clinical practice.

9.
Immunol Med ; 42(2): 99-102, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446856

RESUMO

Here we present a 45-year-old male patient who suffered from psoriatic arthritis (PsA), for which adalimumab (80 mg every other week) was effective. Dose escalation of a TNF-α antagonist should be considered for patients showing an inadequate response for disease stabilization in PsA.

10.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1480-1487, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31427439

RESUMO

OBJECTS: Although the association of cigarette smoking (CS) with susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been established, the impact of CS on anticitrullinated cyclic peptide/protein antibody (ACPA) and rheumatoid factor (RF) levels in RA has yet been clear, especially in relation to shared epitope (SE) alleles. METHODS: A total of 6239 subjects, the largest Asian study ever, from two independent Japanese cohorts were enrolled. Precise smoking histories, levels of ACPA and RF, and HLA-DRB1 allele status were withdrawn from databases. Associations between CS and high ACPA or RF levels, defined by the top quartiles, were evaluated. The effect of HLA-DRB1 alleles on the association was further investigated. RESULTS: CS at RA onset conferred the risks of high levels of both antibodies, especially RF (OR 2.06, p=7.4×10-14; ACPA, OR 1.29, p=0.012), suggesting that RF level is more sensitive to CS than ACPA level. The patients who had quitted CS before RA onset showed a trend of decreased risks of developing high levels of ACPA or RF, and the risks steadily decreased according to the cessation years. The association of CS with high ACPA level was observed only in subjects carrying SE alleles, while the association of high RF level was observed regardless of SE. CONCLUSIONS: CS confers the risks of high autoantibody levels in RA in different manners; CS interacts with SE alleles on ACPA level, while CS impacts on RF level despite SE allele. These data suggest novel distinct production mechanisms of RF and ACPA.

11.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-5, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441680

RESUMO

Objectives: The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is one of the most widely used self- report questionnaires to measure functional status in Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The Japanese version of the CHAQ (JCHAQ) has been revised to meet requirements of clinical international trials which need the same number of questions in each functional area of the CHAQ. Methods: The original JCHAQ consisted of 36 items, measuring eight functional areas. This was changed to 30 items of questionnaire so that each functional area has same number of questions as the original US English version. The revised version was professionally translated from English to Japanese, reviewed, and validated with Japanese JIA patients. Results: A total of 42 JIA patients were enrolled in the validation: seven systemic, 30 polyarticular/oligoarticular and five enthesis related. Most patients were well controlled and the median disability index (DI) scores was 0.0 [0-0.03]; however, significant correlation was seen with visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, VAS overall well-being, physician VAS, DAS (Disease Activity Score) 28-ESR, and JADAS (Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score)-27. In comparison of two groups of disease activity, remission or inactive/low disease activity vs. moderate/high disease activity, both DAS28-ESR and JADAS-27 showed significant correlation with DI. Conclusion: The updated JCHAQ was a reliable and valid tool for the functional assessment of children with JIA. It is more suitable for international and transitional comparison.

12.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(11): 1978-1984, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338986

RESUMO

AIM: Opportunistic infections (OIs) adversely affect outcomes in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). This study aimed to identify the incidence proportion of risk factors for OIs in patients with AAV who were on remission-induction therapy, using a Japanese health insurance database. METHOD: This retrospective longitudinal population-based study was conducted using claims data provided by Medical Data Vision Co., Ltd. We defined individuals as AAV cases receiving remission-induction therapy if they met all of the following criteria: (a) having OIs with at least 1 specified International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision code (M300, M301, M313, or M318); (b) receiving at least 1 prescription of oral corticosteroids (CS) with prednisolone (PSL)-equivalent dosage ≥30 mg/d, CS pulse therapy, immunosuppressive agents or rituximab during hospitalization between April 2008 and April 2017; and (c) at least 7 days of hospitalization while on the above-mentioned therapies. We calculated incidence and proportion of OIs during the year following remission-induction therapy and the adjusted odds ratio (OR) using a logistic regression model. RESULTS: We included 2299 patients with AAV in this study. OIs occurred in 460 patients (20.0%), with the most frequently occurring OI being cytomegalovirus infection (n = 122, 6.5%). After adjusting for covariates, age by decade (OR 1.24, 95% CI: 1.12-1.36), daily PSL dose per 10 mg (OR 1.16, 95% CI: 1.08-1.25), and CS pulse therapy (OR 1.29, 95% CI: 1.04-1.60) were found to be significantly associated with occurrence of OIs. CONCLUSION: Older age and corticosteroid use were found to be significant risk factors for OIs in patients with AAV on remission-induction therapy, using a health insurance database.

13.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-10, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267801

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the long-term effectiveness, safety, and methotrexate (MTX) dose-tapering patterns in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) receiving adalimumab plus high-dose MTX. Methods: In this prospective, postmarketing study (2012-2017), conducted at 128 sites in Japan, biologic-naïve patients with RA (duration ≤2 years) previously treated with MTX for ≥3 months, initiated treatment with adalimumab and MTX (≥12 mg/week). Effectiveness by Disease Activity Score in 28 joints using C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), safety, and MTX dose-tapering were assessed from baseline to 104 weeks. Results: In the effectiveness analysis set (n = 292), DAS28-CRP remission (<2.6) was achieved in 92.3% (n = 120/130) of patients at week 104. The proportions of patients receiving MTX dose <10 mg/week increased to 32.3% (n = 50/155) and ≥12 mg/week reduced to 52.9% (n = 82/155) by week 104. Per univariate regression analysis, MTX dose tapering was associated with longer adalimumab drug survival. Of 70 patients with joint X-rays available, 59 (84.3%) achieved Δ modified total Sharp score ≤1.0 at 104 weeks. In the safety analysis set (n = 300), 143 adverse drug reactions were reported in 92 patients (30.7%, non-serious; 24.7%, serious 8.7%). Conclusion: The long-term effectiveness and safety of adalimumab with high-dose MTX was confirmed in biologic-naïve patients with early RA in a real-world setting in Japan. Clinical Trial Registration: This study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier: NCT01736189; retrospectively registered 29 November 2012, due to administrative reasons).

14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1055-1061, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate whether genetic effects on response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) could be localised by considering known genetic susceptibility loci for relevant traits and to evaluate the usefulness of these genetic loci for stratifying drug response. METHODS: We studied the relation of TNFi response, quantified by change in swollen joint counts ( Δ SJC) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate ( Δ ESR) with locus-specific scores constructed from genome-wide assocation study summary statistics in 2938 genotyped individuals: 37 scores for RA; scores for 19 immune cell traits; scores for expression or methylation of 93 genes with previously reported associations between transcript level and drug response. Multivariate associations were evaluated in penalised regression models by cross-validation. RESULTS: We detected a statistically significant association between Δ SJC and the RA score at the CD40 locus (p=0.0004) and an inverse association between Δ SJC and the score for expression of CD39 on CD4 T cells (p=0.00005). A previously reported association between CD39 expression on regulatory T cells and response to methotrexate was in the opposite direction. In stratified analysis by concomitant methotrexate treatment, the inverse association was stronger in the combination therapy group and dissipated in the TNFi monotherapy group. Overall, ability to predict TNFi response from genotypic scores was limited, with models explaining less than 1% of phenotypic variance. CONCLUSIONS: The association with the CD39 trait is difficult to interpret because patients with RA are often prescribed TNFi after failing to respond to methotrexate. The CD39 and CD40 pathways could be relevant for targeting drug therapy.

15.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(7): 899-907, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of denosumab in suppressing joint destruction when added to conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (csDMARD) therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This was a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled phase 3 study in Japan. Patients with RA aged ≥20 years receiving csDMARDs were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to denosumab 60 mg every 3 months (Q3M), denosumab 60 mg every 6 months (Q6M) or placebo. The change in the modified total Sharp score (mTSS) and effect on bone mineral density (BMD) at 12 months was evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 654 patients received the trial drugs. Denosumab groups showed significantly less progression of joint destruction. The mean changes in the mTSS at 12 months were 1.49 (95% CI 0.99 to 1.99) in the placebo group, 0.99 (95% CI 0.49 to 1.49) in the Q6M group (p=0.0235) and 0.72 (95% CI 0.41 to 1.03) in the Q3M group (p=0.0055). The mean changes in bone erosion score were 0.98 (95% CI 0.65 to 1.31) in the placebo group, 0.51 (95% CI 0.22 to 0.80) in the Q6M group (p=0.0104) and 0.22 (95% CI 0.09 to 0.34) in the Q3M group (p=0.0001). No significant between-group difference was observed in the joint space narrowing score. The per cent change in lumbar spine (L1-L4) BMD in the placebo, Q6M and Q3M groups were -1.03%, 3.99% (p<0.0001) and 4.88% (p<0.0001). No major differences were observed among safety profiles. CONCLUSIONS: Denosumab inhibits the progression of joint destruction, increases BMD and is well tolerated in patients with RA taking csDMARD.

16.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-8, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106666

RESUMO

Objectives: To identify predictive factors for remission by tocilizumab monotherapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of the SURPRISE study, a 2-year randomized, controlled study comparing the efficacy of tocilizumab with (ADD-ON) and without methotrexate (SWITCH). The primary endpoint was DAS28-ESR remission (<2.6) at week 24. The change in modified total Sharp score from baseline to week 52 (ΔmTSS/year) was also assessed as an endpoint. The effect of clinical parameters at baseline on remission was estimated by logistic regression analysis. Results: In SWITCH (n = 96), CRP, SAA, RF, and DAS28 at baseline showed predictive value for DAS28 remission in unadjusted analysis. Adjusted analysis confirmed SAA and DAS28 as predictive factors, with SAA having the highest value (ROC-AUC = 0.731). Furthermore, structural remission (ΔmTSS/year ≤ 0.5) rate was significantly higher in patients with SAA of < 50.0 µg/mL than other patients. In contrast, in ADD-ON (n = 98), only DAS28 showed predictive value for DAS28 remission. In patients with SAA < 50.0 µg/mL, both DAS28 remission and structural remission rate were comparable between SWITCH and ADD-ON. Conclusion: RA patients with low SAA levels at baseline may benefit similarly from tocilizumab with and without methotrexate. Trial registration number: NCT01120366.

17.
Mod Rheumatol ; : 1-6, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31116056

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of, and the factors associated with, periodontal disease in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Patients with RA enrolled in the Institute of Rheumatology Rheumatoid Arthritis (IORRA) cohort completed three self-administered questionnaires including questions about recent gingival bleeding during toothbrushing, a recent diagnosis of periodontitis by a dentist, and any history of periodontitis. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate associations with clinical variables for each questionnaire. Results: Among 5600 Japanese patients with RA, 31.0%, 18.3%, and 20.4% of patients self-reported recent gingival bleeding during toothbrushing, a recent diagnosis of periodontitis by a dentist, and a history of periodontitis, respectively. In multivariate models, younger age, fracture history, Japanese Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (JHAQ-DI), and prednisolone dosage were significantly (p < .05) associated with recent gingival bleeding during toothbrushing. Older age, female gender, and ever-smoker status were significantly correlated with a recent diagnosis of periodontitis. Conclusion: Many Japanese patients with RA experience gingival bleeding during toothbrushing and are diagnosed with periodontitis. Age, female gender, ever-smoker status, fracture history, JHAQ-DI, and prednisolone dosage appeared to be associated with periodontal disease in Japanese patients with RA.

18.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 103, 2019 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cyclic phosphatidic acid (cPA) has an inhibitory effect on the autotaxin (ATX)/lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) axis, which has been implicated to play an important role in the progression of fibrosis in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The purpose of this study is to assess the antifibrotic activity of cPA for the treatment of SSc using SSc skin fibroblasts and an animal model of bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis. METHODS: We used a chemically stable derivative of cPA (2ccPA). First, we investigated the effect of 2ccPA on extracellular matrix (ECM) expression in skin fibroblasts. Next, the effect of 2ccPA on the intracellular cAMP levels was determined to investigate the mechanisms of the antifibrotic activity of 2ccPA. Finally, we administered 2ccPA to bleomycin-induced SSc model mice to evaluate whether 2ccPA prevented the progression of skin fibrosis. RESULTS: 2ccPA decreased ECM expression in SSc skin fibroblasts and TGF-ß1-treated healthy skin fibroblasts without LPA stimulation. 2ccPA increased the intracellular cAMP levels in skin fibroblasts, suggesting that the antifibrotic effect of 2ccPA was the consequence of the increase in the intracellular cAMP levels. Administration of 2ccPA also ameliorated the progression of bleomycin-induced skin fibrosis in mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that 2ccPA had inhibitory effects on the progression of skin fibrosis by abrogating ECM production from activated skin fibroblasts. These cells were repressed, at least in part, by increased intracellular cAMP levels. 2ccPA may be able to be used to treat fibrotic lesions in SSc.

19.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(6): 1094-1106, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900375

RESUMO

AIM: We report tofacitinib efficacy and safety in Asia-Pacific patients who participated in the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical development program. METHOD: This post-hoc analysis included pooled data from patients with RA in the Asia-Pacific region treated with tofacitinib with/without conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in Phase (P)1, 2, 3, and long-term extension (LTE) studies (one LTE ongoing; January 2016 data-cut). Efficacy was assessed over 24 months in patients who received tofacitinib 5 (N = 397) or 10 (N = 382) mg twice daily or placebo (N = 243) in three P2 and five P3 studies. Endpoints included American College of Rheumatology (ACR)20/50/70 responses, Disease Activity Score in 28 joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-4[ESR]) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) remission rates, and change from baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (∆HAQ-DI). Safety data pooled over 92 months from one P1, four P2, six P3, and two LTE studies for all tofacitinib doses (N = 1464) included incidence rates (IRs) (patients with events/100 patient-years) for adverse events (AEs) of special interest. RESULTS: At month 3, patients receiving tofacitinib 5/10 mg twice daily improved vs placebo in ACR20 (69.2%/77.9% vs 27.5%), ACR50 (36.9%/44.4% vs 9.5%), and ACR70 (15.1%/22.4% vs 2.7%) responses, remission rates for DAS28-4(ESR) (8.5%/18.5% vs 2.6%) and CDAI (6.1%/12.3% vs 0.5%), and ∆HAQ-DI (-0.5/-0.6 vs -0.1); improvements were sustained through 24 months. IRs (95% CI) were 9.4 (8.5, 10.3) for serious AEs, 9.1 (8.3, 10.1) for discontinuations due to AEs, 3.7 (3.2, 4.3) for serious infections, 5.9 (5.2, 6.7) for herpes zoster, and 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) for malignancies (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer). CONCLUSION: In Asia-Pacific patients, tofacitinib improved signs/symptoms over 24 months. Safety over 92 months was generally consistent with global tofacitinib studies; however, infection IRs were higher in Asia-Pacific patients.

20.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 58(6): 997-1005, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30602032

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of denosumab for progressive bone erosion in risk factor subgroups of Japanese RA patients. METHODS: This study included 340 RA patients on MTX from the dose-response study of Denosumab in patients with RheumatoId arthritis on methotrexate to Validate inhibitory effect on bone Erosion (DRIVE study-a 12-month, multicentre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II study). The patients were randomized to receive placebo or denosumab 60 mg every 6 months, 3 months or 2 months. Subgroup analyses involved baseline RF, ACPA, swollen joint count, CRP level, RA duration, ESR and glucocorticoid use. RESULTS: Patients with risk factor positivity generally showed consistent results for the primary endpoint of the change in the modified Sharp erosion score at 12 months from baseline. In the placebo, every 6 months, every 3 months and every 2 months groups, the mean changes in the erosion score, according to the RF status (RF-positive vs -negative subgroups), were 1.18 vs 0.59, 0.25 (P = 0.0601 vs placebo) vs 0.31 (P = 0.0827), 0.21 (P = 0.0422) vs -0.02 (P = 0.0631) and 0.15 (P = 0.0010) vs -0.05 (P = 0.0332), respectively, while the mean changes in the erosion score, according to the ACPA status (ACPA-positive vs -negative subgroups), were 1.30 vs 0.07, 0.26 (P = 0.0142) vs 0.33 (P = 0.2748), 0.16 (P = 0.0058) vs 0.08 (P = 0.7166) and 0.09 (P < 0.0001) vs 0.08 (P = 0.8939), respectively. CONCLUSION: Denosumab is a potentially useful treatment option for RA patients who are positive for RF, ACPA and other possible risk factors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: JAPIC Clinical Trials Information, http://www.clinicaltrials.jp/user/cteSearch_e.jsp, JapicCTI-101263.

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