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1.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(14): 5563-5568, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564599

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that charge transport interlayers with low gas permeability can increase the operational lifetime of perovskite solar cells serving as a barrier for migration of volatile decomposition products from the photoactive layer. Herein we present a hybrid hole transport layer (HTL) comprised of p-type polytriarylamine (PTAA) polymer and vanadium(V) oxide (VOx). Devices with PTAA/VOx top HTL reach up to 20% efficiency and demonstrate negligible degradation after 4500 h of light soaking, whereas reference cells using PTAA/MoOx as HTL lose ∼50% of their initial efficiency under the same aging conditions. It was shown that the main origin of the enhanced device stability lies in the higher tolerance of VOx toward MAPbI3 compared to the MoOx interlayer, which tends to facilitate perovskite decomposition. Our results demonstrate that the application of PTAA/VOx hybrid HTL enables long-term operational stability of perovskite solar cells, thus bringing them closer to commercial applications.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(1): 221-228, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814411

RESUMO

Herein, we reveal for the first time a comprehensive mechanism of poorly investigated electrochemical decomposition of CH3NH3PbI3 using a set of microscopy techniques (optical, AFM, PL) and ToF-SIMS. We demonstrate that applied electric bias induces the oxidation of I- to I2, which remains trapped in the film in the form of polyiodides, and hence, the process can be conceivably reversed by reduction. On the contrary, reduction of organic methylammonium cation produces volatile products, which leave the film and thus make the degradation irreversible. Our results lead to a paradigm change when considering design principles for improving the stability of complex lead halide materials as those featuring organic cations rather than halide anions as the most electric field-sensitive components. Suppressing the electrochemical degradation of complex lead halides represents a crucial challenge, which should be addressed in order to bring the operational stability of perovskite photovoltaics to commercially interesting benchmarks.

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