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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704470

RESUMO

Basiliximab has been used successfully as a second-line treatment for steroid-refractory (SR) acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in adult patients after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplant (haplo-HSCT) but has not been studied separately in the pediatric setting. We retrospectively reviewed 100 pediatric patients after haplo-HSCT receiving basiliximab for grades II (57%), III (27%), and IV (16%) SR aGVHD between January 2015 and December 2017. The median number of basiliximab doses was 4 (range, 2 to 9). The day 28 overall response rate was 85%, with complete response in 74% of patients, partial response in 11% of patients, and no response in 15% of patients. The day 28 overall response rates were 94.6% in skin SR aGVHD, 81.6% in gut SR aGVHD, and 66.7% in liver SR aGVHD. Infectious complications included bacterial infection (11%), presumed or documented fungal infections (7%), cytomegalovirus viremia (53%), Epstein-Barr virus viremia (11%), human herpesvirus-6 viremia (7%), and herpes simplex virus viremia (1%). The 3-year overall survival, disease-free survival, nonrelapse mortality, and relapse rates between responders and nonresponders were 81.3% versus 46.7% (P < .001), 79.0% versus 46.7% (P = .001), 6.1% versus 33.3% (P < .001), and 14.9% versus 20.0% (P = .46), respectively. We conclude that basiliximab is an effective second-line agent for pediatric patients with SR aGVHD after haplo-HSCT, particularly for skin SR aGVHD.

2.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31725190

RESUMO

We explored the prognostic factors for children with very high-risk (VHR) Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and compared the therapeutic effects of intensive chemotherapy and unmanipulated haploidentical haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) as post-remission treatment in these patients undergoing first complete remission (CR1). A total of 104 paediatric patients with VHR B-ALL in CR1 were retrospectively enrolled in this study, including 42 receiving unmanipulated haplo-HSCT (Group A) and 62 receiving ongoing chemotherapy (Group B). Estimated 3-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) at 36·2 months median follow-up were 69·5 ± 4·7%, 63·5 ± 4·8% and 32·4 ± 4·7%, respectively. Maintenance of persistent positive or conversion from negative to positive of measurable residual disease (MRD) and chemotherapy were independent risk factors associated with inferior long-term survival and higher CIR. OS, DFS, and CIR differed significantly between the groups in patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD. Haplo-HSCT may be an option for children with VHR Ph-negative B-ALL in CR1, especially for patients with persistent positive or negative-to-positive MRD, and could achieve better survival than intensive chemotherapy as post-remission treatment.

3.
J Hematol Oncol ; 12(1): 87, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haploidentical transplantation has been proposed as an effective treatment for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The majority of patients have more than one HLA-haploidentical donor. Herein, we compared the outcomes between different donor-recipient relationships for optimal haploidentical donor selection in acquired SAA. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study based on a registered database of 392 patients with SAA treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) between 2006 and 2018. In total, 223 patients received grafts from father donors, 47 from mother donors, 91 from siblings, 29 from children, and 2 from collateral donors. RESULTS: Of the 381 patients who survived more than 28 days, 379 (99.5%) recipients were engrafted. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 86.6 ± 2.5%, 87.1 ± 4.9%, 84.3 ± 3.9%, and 92.2 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.706). The 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) was 82.8 ± 2.7%, 86.7 ± 5.1%, 80.8 ± 4.2%, and 92.5 ± 5.1% for recipients of father, mother, sibling, and child grafts, respectively, (P = 0.508). There was no difference in the incidence of either acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) among the different donor sources in multivariate analyses. There were also no differences in the OS or FFS among the different donor sources in the Cox regression analysis. However, OS was significantly better in the patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months), better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1), or moderate graft mononuclear cell (MNC) counts (6-10 × 108/kg), and in female recipients with male donors. The FFS was also higher in patients with a shorter history of aplastic anemia (< 12 months) and better performance status (ECOG scores 0-1). CONCLUSIONS: Fathers, mothers, siblings, and children are all suitable haploidentical donors for patients with SAA.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the impact of the pre- and post-minimal residual disease (MRD) status as well as the peri-transplant MRD kinetics on clinical outcomes in pediatric ALL patients who received haploidentical allografts. METHODS: A retrospective study (n = 166) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry. RESULTS: Pediatric ALL patients with pre-MRDneg had a lower cumulative incidences of relapse (CIR) compared to those with pre-MRDpos (19.7% vs. 41.2%, P = 0.009). Compared to post-MRDneg group, patients with post-MRDpos experienced higher CIR (81.0% vs. 15.9%, P < 0.001), inferior LFS (14.3% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001) and OS (19.1% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001). In regard to peri-MRD kinetics, compared with the MRD-decreasing group and MRDneg/MRDneg group, MRD-increasing group had higher CIR, lower probabilities of LFS and OS (P < 0.001). Compared to pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group, a higher CIR was found in the pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group (66.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001), pre-MRDpos/post-MRDneg group (32.0% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.016), and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group (91.7% vs. 12.5%, P < 0.001). A lower incidence of LFS and OS were found in pre-MRDpos/post-MRDpos group and pre-MRDneg/post-MRDpos group than in pre-MRDneg/post-MRDneg group (P < 0.05). Multivariate analyses confirmed the association of pre-MRD status, post-MRD status, and peri-MRD kinetics with outcomes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that, in the pediatric ALL subgroup, not only pre-MRD status or post-MRD status but also peri-SCT MRD dynamics, were associated with an increased CIR after haploidentical allografts. Patients are put into different risk group based on MRD kinetics versus single time MRD status. © 2019 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

5.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1877-1883, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31144019

RESUMO

Secondary poor graft function (sPGF) is defined as secondary cytopenia after initial engraftment of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT). It has been shown to be associated with poor prognosis; however, there are very few reports on the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of sPGF. Between January 2015 and December 2015, 564 patients, who received transplantation at Peking University People's Hospital, were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 490 patients who achieved initial engraftment of both neutrophils and platelets, 28 patients developed sPGF. The cumulative incidence of sPGF on day 100 was 5.7%. The median time of sPGF was 54.5 (34-91) days after transplantation. Low (< median) CD34+ cell dose (p = 0.019, HR 3.07 (95% CI, 1.207-7.813)), Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) reactivation (p = 0.009, HR 3.648 (95%CI, 1.382-9.629)), and cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation (p = 0.003, HR 7.827 (95%CI, 2.002-30.602)) were identified as independent risk factors for sPGF. There was no significant difference in PGF incidence between the matched sibling donor (MSD) group and haploidentical donor (HID) group (p = 0.44). The overall survival of patients with sPGF at 1 year after transplantation was significantly poorer than that of patients with good graft function (GGF) (50.5% versus 87.2%, p < 0.001). In conclusion, sPGF developed in 5.7% patients after allo-SCT, especially in patients with CMV, EBV reactivation, or infusion with a low dose of CD34+ cells. The prognosis of sPGF is still poor owing to a lack of standard treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/virologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/virologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Ativação Viral/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Citomegalovirus/imunologia , Citomegalovirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/mortalidade , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Feminino , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/fisiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Humanos , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/patologia , Leucemia/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/virologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Haploidêntico
10.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(10): 1694-1700, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903023

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of severe cardiac complications and to assess the ability of various factors to predict these complications in severe aplastic anaemia (SAA) patients after haploidentical transplantation. A retrospective study was conducted in 216 consecutive SAA patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation from 2006 to 2017. All patients received a unified regimen including busulfan, cyclophosphamide (CTX) and antithymocyte globulin at a single centre. A total of 12 (5.6%) patients developed grade III or IV cardiac toxicity. Patients with cardiotoxicity had significantly poorer overall survival (OS) than did those without cardiotoxicity (12.5 vs. 89.6%, P < 0.001). A multivariable model identified four independent adverse predictors of severe cardiotoxicity: pre-transplant ECOG score ( ≥ 2), abnormal ST-T wave on 12-lead ECG, hyperlipaemia and recalculated CTX dose ( ≥ 1.8 g/m2/d). The incidences of severe cardiotoxicity were 50.0%, 6.0% and 1.3% in the high- (3-4 factors), intermediate- (2 factors) and low-risk (0-1 factor) groups, respectively (P < 0.001). The corresponding OS rates were 49.0%, 80.4% and 90.3%, respectively (P < 0.001), at final follow-up. Therefore, patients with high-risk scores had the poorest outcomes and should be monitored closely. Reduced intensity conditioning might be recommended for these patients.

11.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(6): 1210-1217, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30708190

RESUMO

Haploidentical transplantations have achieved comparable survival as HLA fully matched unrelated donors (URDs). When choosing the best donor for HLA haploidentical transplantations, most institutions prioritize using young male donors over mother donors. In a retrospective study we compared outcomes in mother donor and URD transplantations. We found that both 2-year overall survival and 2-year leukemia-free survival were comparable between the mother donor group and URD group (74.8% versus 72.9%, P = .937, and 71.7% versus 67.0%, P = .580, respectively). Higher incidences of grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD were observed in the mother donor group than in the URD group (43.5% versus 14.0%, P = .001, and 62.2% versus 38.7%, P = .007, respectively). The 2-year cumulative incidences of relapse were significantly decreased in the mother donor group (7.6% versus 20.9%, P = .036). These findings suggest mother donor transplantations could achieve comparable survival with URD transplantations and exhibited decreased rates of relapse but increased rates of GVHD, indicating that mother donors would be a suitable choice for patients without an identical sibling donor.

12.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(9): 1462-1470, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30710101

RESUMO

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients with fetal liver tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) internal tandem duplications (ITDs) have poor prognoses if treated with chemotherapy only, primarily as they experience increased relapse rates. To determine whether this alteration also affects outcomes after haploidentical donor (HID) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), we compared 334 consecutive FLT3-ITD-positive vs -negative patients with AML (other than acute promyelocytic leukemia) who underwent HID-HSCT. FLT3-ITD was detected in 39 of 334 patients (11.7%). The 2-year relapse rates for FLT3-ITD-positive and -negative patients were 16% and 17%, respectively (P = 0.774). The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates for FLT3-ITD-positive and -negative patients were 74% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 64-81) and 73% (95% CI: 70-81), respectively; P = 0.872); while the 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were 72% (95% CI: 67-81) and 77% (95% CI: 72-84), respectively (P = 0.862). FLT3-ITD mutation had no influence on non-relapse mortality (NRM 15% vs 14%, P = 0.463). Multivariate analyses showed that disease status at HSCT and white blood cell count at diagnosis were independent risk factors associated with relapse, DFS, and OS. In conclusion, FLT3 mutation status has no impact on outcomes after HID-HSCT in patients with AML. HID-HSCT is therefore a valid option for AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation.

13.
Am J Hematol ; 94(5): 512-521, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30680765

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of pretransplantation minimal residual disease (pre-MRD) on outcomes of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who underwent unmanipulated haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT). A retrospective study including 543 patients with ALL was performed. MRD was determined using multiparametric flow cytometry. Both in the entire cohort of patients and in subgroup cases with T-ALL or B-ALL, patients with positive pre-MRD had a higher incidence of relapse (CIR) than those with negative pre-MRD in MSDT settings (P < 0.01 for all). Landmark analysis at 6 months showed that MRD positivity was significantly and independently associated with inferior rates of relapse (HR, 1.908; P = 0.007), leukemia-free survival (LFS) (HR, 1.559; P = 0.038), and OS (HR, 1.545; P = 0.049). The levels of pre-MRD according to a logarithmic scale were also associated with leukemia relapse, LFS, and OS, except that cases with MRD <0.01% experienced comparable CIR and LFS to those with negative pre-MRD. A risk score for CIR was developed using the variables pre-MRD, disease status, and immunophenotype of ALL. The CIR was 14%, 26%, and 59% for subjects with scores of 0, 1, and 2-3, respectively (P < 0.001). Three-year LFS was 75%, 64%, and 42%, respectively (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed the association of the risk score with CIR and LFS. The results indicate that positive pre-MRD, except for low level one (MRD < 0.01%), is associated with poor outcomes in patients with ALL who underwent unmanipulated haplo-SCT.

14.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(8): 1287-1294, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30655602

RESUMO

Donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies (DSAs) were associated with graft failure (GF) following haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT). The prevalence and risk factors of DSAs in pediatric candidates remain to be determined. In a prospective trial (ChiCTR-OPC-15006672), 486 children with hematological diseases were enrolled to screen for the presence of anti-HLA class I and II antibodies of immunoglobulin G type. Fifty two patients (10.7%) demonstrated positive panel-reactive antibody (PRA) for class I; 24 (4.9%), for class II; and 13 (2.7%), for both. Multivariate analysis showed diagnosis was the independent risk factor for antibodies, as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients (HR0.141, 95% CI: 0.037-0.538, p = 0.004) had a lower incidence of class II PRAs and DSAs against HLA-B, DQ, and DR, whereas myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients had a higher incidence of PRAs for both class I and class II (HR4.790, 95% CI: 1.010-22.716, p = 0.049), and DSAs against HLA-A, B, C, DP, and DQ. Older age (>12 vs. ≤12) was associated with DSAs against HLA-DP (HR0.194, 95% CI: 0.041-0.918, p = 0.039). Our findings provided novel evidence for prevalence and risk factors for PRAs and DSAs in pediatric candidates receiving haplo-HSCT, possibly benefiting anti-HLA antibody monitoring and donor selection.

15.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(8): 1611-1620, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537550

RESUMO

The role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), particularly haploidentical (haplo)-HSCT, in pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) era is unclear. This study aimed to identify prognostic factors and explore the role of haplo-HSCT in the treatment of Ph+ ALL in the TKI era. We analyzed clinical data of Ph+ ALL patients aged 1 to 18 years who received imatinib added to intensive chemotherapy at the start of induction therapy. Among the 68 patients who completed at least 2 consolidation cycles, 44 underwent transplantation (transplant arm) and 24 received continuous TKI with chemotherapy (nontransplant arm). At the 3-year follow-up the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), event-free survival (EFS), and overall survival (OS) were 23.5%, 73.4%, and 80.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that hematologic response (whether complete remission [CR] was achieved) at the induction end, BCR-ABL levels (whether major molecular response [MMR] was achieved) at 3 months, and transplantation were independent affecting factors for CIR, EFS, and OS. In the risk stratification analysis based on the first 2 prognostic factors mentioned above, no significant difference existed between the transplant and nontransplant arms for the probabilities of 3-year OS, EFS, and CIR in the standard-risk group (no poor prognostic factors). Meanwhile, OS, EFS, and CIR rates were significantly better in the transplant arm in the high-risk group (≥1 poor prognostic factor). Among the 44 patients in the transplant arm, 37 underwent haplo-HSCT. Achieving CR at the induction end, MMR at 3 months, and haplo-transplant were also independent favorable factors of CIR, EFS, and OS in the nontransplant and haplo-HSCT arms. Haplo-HSCT showed a significant survival advantage in the high-risk group only. Hematologic response at the induction end and BCR-ABL levels at 3 months are likely to be useful for identifying pediatric Ph+ ALL patients at a high risk of relapse in the TKI era. Children with Ph+ ALL in first CR may benefit from allo-HSCT, particularly those at high risk. Haplo-HSCT could achieve good long-term survival for pediatric Ph+ ALL. Thus, haplo-HSCT can be an alternative approach for high-risk Ph+ ALL patients.

16.
Platelets ; 30(8): 994-1000, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569802

RESUMO

Patients with prolonged isolated thrombocytopenia (PT) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) are known to have a poor prognosis. However, there is no standard treatment for PT. The present study aimed to investigate the potential effect of a novel recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) in a cohort of patients with PT following allo-SCT. A total of 24 patients with PT (including delayed platelet engraftment and secondary failure of platelet recovery) were treated with rhTPO from July 1, 2016 to May 31, 2017. rhTPO injections were administered at 300 IU/kg/d for 28 consecutive days or until platelet counts were ≥ 50 × 109/L, independent of platelet transfusion. Response was defined as platelet recovery to ≥ 20 × 109/L for seven consecutive days without transfusion support during or within 7 days of the end of rhTPO treatment. All patients completed the 28 days of treatment, and none were withdrawn due to adverse effects. The overall response was 45.8%, which was significantly higher than historical data (12.2%, p < 0.001). The median response time was 12 (7-25) days from the initiation of rhTPO treatment. A response to rhTPO was associated with megakaryocytes in the bone marrow (positive vs. negative, 81.8 vs. 22.2%; p = 0.022). Among 11 patients exhibiting a response to rhTPO, the median number of megakaryocytes in bone marrow was increased significantly (10 vs. 2; p = 0.036) after rhTPO treatment. In conclusion, the results of this preliminary study suggest that rhTPO may represent a therapeutic option, with a response of 45.8% for patients with PT after allo-SCT, and especially for those with megakaryocytes in the bone marrow. However, this should be further confirmed in randomized prospective clinical trials.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(23): 2808-2816, 2018 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30511683

RESUMO

Background: Several studies have shown that detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an independent prognostic factor. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of dynamic MRD pretransplantation on outcome of AML patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 145 consecutive AML patients undergoing allo-HSCT in complete remission status between June 2013 and June 2016. MRD was determined with multiparameter flow cytometry after the first and second courses of chemotherapy and pre-HSCT. Results: In matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) settings, patients with positive MRD had higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) than those without MRD after the first (32.3 ± 9.7% vs. 7.7 ± 3.1%, χ2 = 3.661, P = 0.055) or second course of chemotherapy (57.1 ± 3.6% vs. 12.5 ± 2.7%, χ2 = 8.759, P = 0.003) or pre-HSCT (50.0 ± 9.7% vs. 23.0 ± 3.2%, χ2 = 5.547, P = 0.019). In haploidentical SCT (haplo-SCT) settings, the MRD status at those timepoints had no significant impact on clinical outcomes. However, patients with persistent positive MRD from chemotherapy to pre-HSCT had higher CIR than those without persistent positive MRD both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings. Patients with persistent positive MRD underwent MSDT had the highest relapse incidence, followed by those with persistent positive MRD underwent haplo-SCT, those without persistent MRD underwent haplo-SCT, and those without persistent MRD underwent MSDT (66.7 ± 9.2% vs. 38.5 ± 6.0% vs. 18.8 ± 8.7% vs. 12.0 ± 1.0%, χ2 = 20.763, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that persistent positive MRD before transplantation was associated with higher CIR (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.69, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.200-2.382, P = 0.003), worse leukemia-free survival (HR = 1.812, 95% CI: 1.168-2.812, P = 0.008), and overall survival (HR = 2.354, 95% CI: 1.528-3.627, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that persistent positive MRD before transplantation, rather than positive MRD at single timepoint, could predict poor outcome both in MSDT and haplo-SCT settings.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30518981

RESUMO

This study investigated the prognostic factors in patients (n = 89) who experienced relapse and received chemotherapy plus donor leukocyte infusion (Chemo-DLI) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). Patients with early relapse (< 6 vs. > 6 months after haplo-HSCT), higher bone marrow blast count before chemo-DLI (> 20% vs. 5-19%), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after chemo-DLI had a higher rate of progressive disease (PD) and worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). In multivariate analysis, non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI and high blast count predicted a higher risk of PD and poorer PFS, and non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI and early relapse predicted poorer OS. The patients were stratified into three groups according to these three risk factors. Patients with all three risk factors (n = 14) had the highest PD rate and poorest survival compared with those with one or two risk factors (n = 63) or no risk factors (n = 12). Thus, early relapse, high leukemia burden before Chemo-DLI, and non-cGVHD after Chemo-DLI can predict outcomes in patients who have experienced relapse and received Chemo-DLI after haplo-HSCT. New therapeutic strategies should be identified for these patients.

19.
Br J Haematol ; 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426480

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is increasingly found to cause hepatitis in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients. However, little is known about HEV infection in patients receiving haploidentical HSCT (haplo-HSCT). Here, we retrospectively evaluate the incidence and clinical course of HEV infection in haplo-HSCT patients. From January 2014 to July 2017, 177 patients with unexplained elevated transaminases after receiving haplo-HSCT at Peking University Institute of Haematology were screened for HEV using HEV serology. HEV RNA was assessed in blood samples when HEV-IgG and/or IgM antibodies were positive. Acute HEV infection was identified in 7 patients (3·9%), 1 of whom had developed a chronic HEV infection. The median time from haplo-HSCT to HEV infection was 17·5 (range, 6-55) months. HEV infection was confirmed by the presentation of anti-HEV IgM + anti-HEV IgG (rising) (n = 5) or HEV-RNA + anti-HEV IgM + anti-HEV IgG (n = 2). None of the patients died of HEV infection directly: 2 patients with HEV infection died showing signs of ongoing hepatitis, and 5 patients cleared HEV with a median duration of HEV infection of 1·5 (range, 1·0-5·7) months. In conclusion, HEV infection is a rare but serious complication after haplo-HSCT. We recommend screening of HEV in haplo-HSCT.

20.
Clin Infect Dis ; 67(suppl_2): S162-S173, 2018 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30423054

RESUMO

Background: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a common and serious complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). An investigation of the characteristics of pre-engraftment BSI after haploidentical HSCT compared with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling HSCT has not been conducted. Methods: A single-center cohort representing 1847 consecutive patients undergoing haploidentical or HLA-identical sibling HSCT from 2013 to 2016 was selected. We investigated the characteristics of pre-engraftment BSI after haploidentical HSCT and its impact on patient outcome, and we compared it with HLA-identical sibling HSCT. Results: After haploidentical HSCT, the cumulative incidence of pre-engraftment BSI was higher (30-day: 9.2% [7.6, 10.8] vs 1.7% [0.5, 2.9], P < .0001) and median onset of BSI was earlier (day +3 vs day +9, P = .001) than HLA-identical sibling HSCT. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and coagulase-negative staphylococci were the most common isolates after haploidentical HSCT. However, Enterococcus faecium was the most common isolate after HLA-identical sibling HSCT. A multivariate analysis suggested that variables associated with BSI after haploidentical HSCT included a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), an interval from diagnosis to HSCT ≥190 days, carbapenem therapy, and grade 3-4 intestinal mucositis. The same variables, except MDS, were also associated with BSI after HLA-identical sibling HSCT. The multivariate analysis also suggested that BSI was a risk factor for increased all-cause mortality at 3 months after haploidentical HSCT (hazard ratio = 2.281; 95% confidence interval: 1.334, 3.900; P = .003). Conclusions: Pre-engraftment BSI was more common after haploidentical HSCT than HLA-identical sibling HSCT. It was an independent factor associated with increased all-cause mortality at 3 months after haploidentical HSCT.

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