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2.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 25, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35505384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) remains the major cause of early mortality after haploidentical related donor (HID) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We aimed to establish a comprehensive model which could predict severe aGVHD after HID HSCT. METHODS: Consecutive 470 acute leukemia patients receiving HID HSCT according to the protocol registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03756675) were enrolled, 70% of them (n = 335) were randomly selected as training cohort and the remains 30% (n = 135) were used as validation cohort. RESULTS: The equation was as follows: Probability (grade III-IV aGVHD) = [Formula: see text], where Y = -0.0288 × (age) + 0.7965 × (gender) + 0.8371 × (CD3 + /CD14 + cells ratio in graft) + 0.5829 × (donor/recipient relation) - 0.0089 × (CD8 + cell counts in graft) - 2.9046. The threshold of probability was 0.057392 which helped separate patients into high- and low-risk groups. The 100-day cumulative incidence of grade III-IV aGVHD in the low- and high-risk groups was 4.1% (95% CI 1.9-6.3%) versus 12.8% (95% CI 7.4-18.2%) (P = 0.001), 3.2% (95% CI 1.2-5.1%) versus 10.6% (95% CI 4.7-16.5%) (P = 0.006), and 6.1% (95% CI 1.3-10.9%) versus 19.4% (95% CI 6.3-32.5%) (P = 0.017), respectively, in total, training, and validation cohort. The rates of grade III-IV skin and gut aGVHD in high-risk group were both significantly higher than those of low-risk group. This model could also predict grade II-IV and grade I-IV aGVHD. CONCLUSIONS: We established a model which could predict the development of severe aGVHD in HID HSCT recipients.

3.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 862526, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392613

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to establish a model that can predict refractory/recurrent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after haploidentical donor (HID) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: Consecutive acute leukemia patients receiving HID HSCT were enrolled (n = 289). We randomly selected 60% of the entire population (n = 170) as the training cohort, and the remaining 40% comprised the validation cohort (n = 119). Patients were treated according to the protocol registered at https://clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03756675). Results: The model was as follows: Y = 0.0322 × (age) - 0.0696 × (gender) + 0.5492 × (underlying disease) + 0.0963 × (the cumulative dose of prednisone during pre-engraftment phase) - 0.0771 × (CD34+ cell counts in graft) - 1.2926. The threshold of probability was 0.5243, which helped to separate patients into high- and low-risk groups. In the low- and high-risk groups, the 100-day cumulative incidence of refractory/recurrent CMV was 42.0% [95% confidence interval (CI), 34.7%-49.4%] vs. 63.7% (95% CI, 54.8%-72.6%) (P < 0.001) for total patients and was 50.5% (95% confidence interval (CI), 40.9%-60.1%) vs. 71.0% (95% CI, 59.5%-82.4%) (P = 0.024) for those with acute graft-versus-host disease. It could also predict posttransplant mortality and survival. Conclusion: We established a comprehensive model that could predict the refractory/recurrent CMV infection after HID HSCT. Clinical Trial Registration: https://clinicaltrials.gov, identifier NCT03756675.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Doença Aguda , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 757002, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35154096

RESUMO

For allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients, preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) therapy is considered as a useful method to eliminate the minimal residual disease (MRD). Our purpose is to assess the long-term efficacy of preemptive IFN-α therapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients following allo-HSCT based on two registry studies (#NCT02185261 and #NCT02027064). We would present the final data and unpublished results of long-term clinical outcomes with extended follow-up. We adopted polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) to monitor MRD, and a positive result of bone marrow specimen examined by either of them would be identified as the MRD-positive status. Subcutaneous injections of recombinant human IFN-α-2b were performed for 6 cycles, and prolonged IFN-α therapy could be permitted at the request of patients. The median cycles were 3.5 (range, 0.5-30.5) cycles. A total of 9 patients suffered from grade ≥3 toxicities (i.e., infectious: n = 6; hematologic: n = 3). The 6-year cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality following IFN-α therapy were 13.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5.4-20.6%) and 3.9% (95%CI, 0.0-17.6%), respectively. The probability of disease-free survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 83.1% (95%CI, 75.2-91.9%). The probability of overall survival at 6 years following IFN-α therapy was 88.3% (95%CI, 81.4-95.8%). The cumulative incidences of total chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) and severe cGVHD at 6 years following IFN-α therapy were 66.2% (95%CI, 55.5-77.0%) and 10.4% (95%CI, 3.6-17.2%), respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that an alternative donor was associated with a lower risk of relapse and the better disease-free survival. Thus, preemptive IFN-α therapy could clear MRD persistently, prevent relapse truly, and improve long-term survival in AML patients following allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Interferon alfa-2/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(4): 554-561, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35079139

RESUMO

The efficacy and outcome of therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) for transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) remain controversial. We therefore sought to evaluate the outcome and efficacy of TPE in patients with TA-TMA and to identify TA-TMA patients who would benefit from TPE management. Eighty-two patients with TA-TMA were treated with TPE. We reported a response rate of 52% and overall survival rates of 20% and 15% at 100 days and 1 year after TA-TMA, respectively, in TPE-treated patients, with a significantly lower survival in gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding patients (5% vs. 41% in non-GI bleeding patients, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis revealed that patients with GI bleeding, grade III-IV aGVHD, severe anemia, and a lower cumulative volume of TPE were less likely to respond to TPE. GI bleeding, a lower initial volume of TPE, and elevated total bilirubin were independently associated with 100-day mortality. The leading causes of death were infection, active TA-TMA, and MODS. The results of this large cohort of real-world practice indicate that the efficacy and outcome of TPE for TA-TMA patients without GI bleeding are encouraging, and a higher volume of TPE is warranted to achieve favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Estudos de Coortes , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Troca Plasmática/efeitos adversos , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Ther Adv Hematol ; 13: 20406207211072838, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35096361

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an important complication after human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haploidentical donor (HID) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), which may lead to poor prognosis. Our study intends to identify the efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for multidrug-resistant (MDR)-GVHD after HID HSCT. METHODS: MDR-GVHD was referring to GVHD remaining no response to at least two types of therapy, and hUCB-MSCs were given at the dose of (1.0-2.0) × 106/kg once a week. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were enrolled in this retrospective study (acute GVHD (aGVHD): n = 14, chronic GVHD (cGVHD): n = 7). The median dose of MSCs was 1.2 × 106 cells/kg (range, 0.8-1.8 × 106) cells/kg, and the median numbers of infusion were 2 (range, 1-7) and 3 (range, 2-12) for MDR-aGVHD and MDR-cGVHD patients, respectively. In MDR-aGVHD patients, the overall response rate (ORR) was 57.1%, including 50.0% complete response (CR) and 7.1% partial response (PR), and the median time to response was 49.5 days (range, 16-118) days. The 2-year probability of overall survival after MSCs was 64.3%. Five patients (35.7%) developed infections after MSCs, and no obvious hematologic toxicities were observed. Five MDR-aGVHD patients died after MSCs treatments because of GVHD progression (n = 1), severe infection (bacterial central nervous system infection: n = 1; fungal pneumonia: n = 2), and poor graft function (n = 1). In MDR-cGVHD patients, three patients (42.9%) achieved PR after MSCs and the median time to response was 56 days (22-84) days. The ORRs for moderate and severe cGVHD were 50.0% and 33.3%, respectively. Four MDR-cGVHD patients died after MSCs treatments because of GVHD progression (n = 2), severe fungal pneumonia (n = 1), and relapse (n = 1). CONCLUSION: MSCs treatment may be safe and effective for MDR-GVHD after HID HSCT.

7.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is located on chromosome 11q23. The MLL gene can be rearranged to generate partial tandem duplications (MLL-PTD), which occurs in about 5-10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a normal karyotype and in 5-6% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently one of the curative therapies available for AML and MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB). However, how the prognosis of patients with high levels of MLL-PTD after allo-HSCT, and whether MLL-PTD could be used as a reliable indicator for minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring in transplant patients remains unknown. Our study purposed to analyze the dynamic changes of MLL-PTD peri-transplantation and the best threshold for predicting relapse after transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 48 patients with MLL-PTD AML or MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT in Peking University People's Hospital. The MLL-PTD was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) at the diagnosis, before transplantation and the fixed time points after transplantation. Detectable MLL-PTD/ABL > 0.08% was defined as MLL-PTD positive in this study. RESULTS: The 48 patients included 33 AML patients and 15 MDS-EB patients. The median follow-up time was 26(0.7-56) months after HSCT. In AML patients, 7 patients (21.2%) died of treatment-related mortality (TRM), 6 patients (18.2%) underwent hematological relapse and died ultimately. Of the 15 patients with MDS-EB, 2 patients (13.3%) died of infection. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and TRM were 13.7 ± 5.2, 67.8 ± 6.9, 68.1 ± 6.8 and 20.3% ± 6.1%, respectively. ROC curve showed that post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% was the optimal cut-off value for predicting hematological relapse after allo-HSCT. There was statistical difference between post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% and MLL-PTD < 1.0% groups (3-year CIR: 75% ± 15.3% vs. 0%, P < 0.001; 3-year OS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7% ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year DFS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7 ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year TRM: 0 vs. 19.3 ± 6.6%, P = 0.277). However, whether MLL-PTD ≥ 1% or MLL-PTD < 1% before transplantation has no significant difference on the prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that MLL-PTD had a certain stability and could effectively reflect the change of tumor burden. The expression level of MLL-PTD after transplantation can serve as an effective indicator for predicting relapse.


Assuntos
Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasia Residual , Período Pós-Operatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Carga Tumoral/genética
8.
Br J Haematol ; 196(3): 735-742, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741461

RESUMO

Haploidentical allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is a significant alternative treatment for severe aplastic anaemia (SAA). To improve this process by modifying the risk stratification system, we conducted a retrospective study using our database. 432 SAA patients who received haplo-HSCT between 2006 and 2020 were enrolled. These patients were divided into a training (n = 288) and a validation (n = 144) subset randomly. In the training cohort, longer time from diagnosis to transplantation, poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status and higher haematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score were independent risk factors for worse treatment-related mortality (TRM) in the final multivariable model. The haplo-HSCT scoring system was developed by these three parameters. Three-year TRM after haplo-HSCT were 6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 1-21%], 21% (95% CI, 7-40%), and 47% (95% CI, 20-70%) for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group, respectively (P < 0·0001). In the validation cohort, the haplo-HSCT scoring system also separated patients into three risk groups with increasing risk of TRM: intermediate-risk [hazard ratio (HR) 2·45, 95% CI, 0·92-6·53] and high-risk (HR 11·74, 95% CI, 3·07-44·89) compared with the low-risk group (P = 0·001). In conclusion, the haplo-HSCT scoring system could effectively predict TRM after transplantation.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Algoritmos , Anemia Aplástica/diagnóstico , Anemia Aplástica/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudos de Coortes , Árvores de Decisões , Gerenciamento Clínico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transplante Haploidêntico , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 720354, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539656

RESUMO

Gut acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and is associated with high mortality. Mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a group of innate-like T cells enriched in the intestine that can be activated by riboflavin metabolites from various microorganisms. However, little is known about the function or mechanism of action of MAIT cells in the occurrence of gut aGVHD in humans. In our study, multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to evaluate the number of MAIT cells and functional cytokines. 16S V34 region amplicon sequencing analysis was used to analyze the intestinal flora of transplant patients. In vitro stimulation and coculture assays were used to study the activation and function of MAIT cells. The number and distribution of MAIT cells in intestinal tissues were analyzed by immunofluorescence technology. Our study showed that the number and frequency of MAIT cells in infused grafts in gut aGVHD patients were lower than those in no-gut aGVHD patients. Recipients with a high number of MAITs in infused grafts had a higher abundance of intestinal flora in the early posttransplantation period (+14 days). At the onset of gut aGVHD, the number of MAIT cells decreased in peripheral blood, and the activation marker CD69, chemokine receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4, and transcription factors Rorγt and T-bet tended to increase. Furthermore, when gut aGVHD occurred, the proportion of MAIT17 was higher than that of MAIT1. The abundance of intestinal flora with non-riboflavin metabolic pathways tended to increase in gut aGVHD patients. MAIT cells secreted more granzyme B, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interferon (IFN)-γ under the interleukin (IL)-12/IL-18 stimulation [non-T-cell receptor (TCR) signal] and secreted most of the IL-17 under the cluster of differentiation (CD)3/CD28 stimulation (TCR signal). MAIT cells inhibited the proliferation of CD4+ T cells in vitro. In conclusion, the lower number of MAIT cells in infused grafts was related to the higher incidence of gut aGVHD, and the number of MAIT cells in grafts may affect the composition of the intestinal flora of recipients early after transplantation. The flora of the riboflavin metabolism pathway activated MAIT cells and promoted the expression of intestinal protective factors to affect the occurrence of gut aGVHD in humans.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa/imunologia , Células T Invariantes Associadas à Mucosa/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Citocinas/metabolismo , Disbiose , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Gastroenteropatias/metabolismo , Gastroenteropatias/terapia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/metabolismo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imunomodulação , Imunofenotipagem , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(10): 870.e1-870.e7, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229053

RESUMO

Late-onset severe pneumonia (LOSP) is defined as severe pneumonia developing during the late phase of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Because of the high mortality in patients with LOSP, it is important to identify prognostic factors. In this study, we aimed to develop a risk score system with broad applicability that can help predict the risk of LOSP-associated mortality. We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT between June 2009 and July 2017. The assessment variables included immune, nutritional, and metabolic parameters at the onset of LOSP. Of these 100 patients, 45 (45%) eventually died, and 55 (55%) were positive for organisms, most commonly viruses. In the multivariate analysis, higher monocyte count (≥0.20 × 109/L versus <0.20 × 109/L; P = .001), higher albumin level (≥30.5 g/L versus <30.5 g/L; P = .044), lower lactic dehydrogenase level (<250 U/L versus ≥250 U/L; P = .008) and lower blood urea nitrogen concentration (<7.2 mmol/L versus ≥7.2 mmol/L; P = .026) at the onset of LOSP were significantly associated with better 60-day survival. A risk score system based on the foregoing results showed that the probability of 60-day survival decreased with increasing risk factors, from 96.3% in the low-risk group to 49.1% in the intermediate-risk group and 12.5% in the high-risk group. Our results indicate that this scoring system using 4 variables can stratify patients with different probabilities of survival after LOSP, which suggests that patients' immune, nutritional, and metabolic status are crucial factors in determining outcome.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pneumonia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
11.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(11): 2723-2731, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239051

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes between noninherited maternal antigen (NIMA)-mismatched and noninherited paternal antigen (NIPA)-mismatched haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) among patients with hematological malignancies and perform a subgroup analysis. We retrospectively analyzed 378 patients with hematological malignancies who received haplo-HSCT from NIMA-mismatched (n = 201) and NIPA-mismatched (n = 177) donors between January 2012 and December 2017. The cumulative incidence of 100-d grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (19.2% vs. 32.8%, P = 0.003) was significantly lower in NIMA mismatch. Multivariate analysis showed that NIMA mismatch was associated with lower incidence of grades II-IV aGVHD and better overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). According to the subgroup analysis, the clinical outcomes of older and/or female NIMA mismatches were comparable to those of younger and/or male NIPA mismatches with respect to grades II-IV aGVHD, chronic GVHD (cGVHD), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, DFS, and OS. In conclusion, this study confirmed the NIMA effect on aGVHD and demonstrated that NIMA mismatch was associated with better survival. In the NIMA mismatch context, donor age and sex did not seem to influence haplo-HSCT, which provides a basis for the selection of sibling donors.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos
12.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 604085, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150785

RESUMO

Graft failure (GF) is a fatal complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation, especially after haploidentical transplantation. The mortality of GF is nearly 100% without an effective salvage method. A second transplantation is usually necessary to save the patient's life. However, there is no standardized regimen, and the outcome is usually disappointing. We report on a prospective single-center study using a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen with different haploidentical donors (HIDs). Patients with GF after the first transplantation were enrolled in a prospective single-arm clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.Gov ID: NCT03717545) at the Peking University Institute of Hematology. The conditioning regimen consisted of fludarabine (30 mg/m2) (days-6 to-2) and cyclophosphamide (1,000 mg/m2/day) (days-5 to-4). Patients underwent a second transplant from a different HID using a granulocyte colony-stimulating factor primed bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cells. The primary outcome was neutrophil engraftment at day 28. The secondary outcomes included platelet engraftment at day 100, transplant-related mortality (TRM) at day 30, TRM at day 100, and overall survival (OS) at 1 year. From March 2018 to June 2020, 13 patients were enrolled in this clinical trial. Of the 13 patients, five had acute myeloid leukemia, five had acute lymphoblastic leukemia, two had myelodysplastic syndromes, and one had a non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The median age at first transplantation was 38 years (range, 8-55 years). As for the first transplantation, 11 patients underwent haploidentical transplantations and two underwent unrelated donor transplantations. At the time of GF, three patients had complete donor chimerism, five had mixed chimerism, and five had complete recipient chimerism. The median time from the first transplantation to the second transplantation was 49 (range 35-120) days. The medians of infused cell doses were as follows: mononuclear cells 7.93 (5.95-12.51) × 108/kg and CD34 + cells 2.28 (0.75-5.57) × 106/kg. All 13 patients achieved neutrophil engraftment after the second transplantation, with a median engraftment time of 11 (range 10-20) days after transplantation. The platelet engraftment rate on day 100 after transplantation was 76.9%. The TRMs at day 30, day 100, and 1-year were 0, 0, and 23.1%, respectively. The OS and disease-free survival at 1-year were 56.6 and 48.4%, respectively. For patients with GF after first transplantation, a second transplantation using a fludarabine/cyclophosphamide regimen from a different HID was a promising salvage option. Further investigation is needed to confirm the suitability of this method.

13.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(3): 443-453, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34185250

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective analysis to investigate dynamic peri-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) on outcomes in patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). A total of 271 patients were enrolled and classified into three groups: unchanged negative MRD pre- and post-HSCT group (group A), post-MRD non-increase group (group B), and post-MRD increase group (group C). The patients in group B and group C experienced a higher cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) (42% vs. 71% vs. 16%, P<0.001) and lower leukemia-free survival (LFS) (46% vs. 21% vs. 70%, P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (50% vs. 28% vs. 72%, P<0.001) than in group A, but there was no significant difference in non-relapse mortality (NRM) among three groups (14% vs. 12% vs. 8%, P=0.752). Multivariate analysis showed that dynamic peri-HSCT MRD was associated with CIR (HR=2.392, 95% CI, 1.816-3.151, P<0.001), LFS (HR=1.964, 95% CI, 1.546-2.496, P<0.001) and OS (HR=1.731, 95% CI, 1.348-2.222, P<0.001). We also established a risk scoring system based on dynamic peri-HSCT MRD combined with remission status pre-HSCT and onset of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This risk scoring system could better distinguish CIR (c=0.730) than that for pre-HSCT MRD (c=0.562), post-HSCT MRD (c=0.616) and pre- and post-MRD dynamics (c=0.648). Our results confirm the outcome predictive value of dynamic peri-HSCT MRD either alone or in combination with other variables for patients with T-ALL.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/genética , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Linfócitos T/patologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(9): 2097-2107, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846561

RESUMO

Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage (DAH) is a life-threatening pulmonary complication occurring after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) without an explicit aetiology or a standard treatment. This study aimed to explore the occurrence and prognosis of DAH after allo-HSCT, in addition to comparing discrepancies in the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of DAH between patients undergoing haploidentical HSCT (HID-HSCT) and matched related donor HSCT (MRD-HSCT). We retrospectively evaluated 92 consecutive patients among 3987 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of DAH following allo-HSCT (HID: 71 patients, MRD: 21 patients). The incidence of DAH after allo-HSCT was 2.3%, 2.4% after HID-HSCT and 2.0% after MRD-HSCT (P = 0.501). The prognosis of patients with DAH after transplantation is extremely poor. The duration of DAH was 7.5 days (range, 1-48 days). The probabilities of overall survival (OS) were significantly different between patients with and without DAH within 2 years after transplantation (P < 0.001). According to the Cox regression analysis, a significant independent risk factor for the occurrence of DAH was delayed platelet engraftment (P < 0.001), and a high D-dimer level (>500 ng/ml) was a significant risk factor for the poor prognosis of DAH. HID-HSCT is similar to MRD-HSCT in terms of the outcomes of DAH.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doadores de Tecidos
15.
Leukemia ; 35(11): 3092-3100, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824464

RESUMO

Although chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy produces a high complete remission rate among patients with relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, relapse remains an urgent issue. It is uncertain whether consolidative haploidentical-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is suitable for achieving sustainable remission. Therefore, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of bridging CAR-T therapy to haplo-HSCT. Fifty-two patients with relapsed/refractory Philadelphia chromosome-negative B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who underwent haplo-HSCT after CAR-T therapy were analyzed. The median time from CAR-T therapy to haplo-HSCT was 61 days. After a median follow-up of 24.6 months, the 1-year probabilities of event-free survival, overall survival, and cumulative incidence of relapse were 80.1% (95% confidence interval (CI), 69.0-90.9), 92.3% (95% CI, 85.0-99.5), and 14.1% (95% CI, 10.7-17.4), respectively, while the corresponding 2-year probabilities were 76.0% (95% CI, 64.2-87.7), 84.3% (95% CI, 74.3-94.3), and 19.7% (95% CI, 15.3-24.0), respectively. No increased risk of 2-year cumulative incidence of graft-versus-host disease, treatment-related mortality, or infection was observed. A pre-HSCT measurable residual disease-positive status was an independent factor associated with poor overall survival (hazard radio: 4.201, 95% CI: 1.034-17.063; P = 0.045). Haplo-HSCT may be a safe and effective treatment strategy to improve event-free survival and overall survival after CAR-T therapy.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/terapia , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Haploidêntico
16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 639502, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718234

RESUMO

Objective: Haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-SCT) has demonstrated encouraging results in younger patients. There is also an increasing need for haplo-SCT in older patients. However, the high risk of treatment-related mortality (TRM) in older patients is still a major concern. We aimed to investigate a novel conditioning regimen (Bu/Flu/Cy/ATG) followed by haplo-SCT in older patients. Method: This prospective, single-arm clinical trial was performed at Peking University Institute of Hematology, China. Patients were enrolled if they were (1) diagnosed with acute leukemia or MDS; (2) without MSD and MUD, and with HID available; and (3) age ≥55 years. The Bu/Flu/Cy/ATG regimen consisted of the following agents: Ara-C (2 g/m2/day, injected i.v.) on days-10 and-9; BU (9.6 mg/kg, injected i.v. in 12 doses) on days-8,-7, and-6; Flu (30 mg/m2/day, injected i.v.) from day-6 to day-2; Cy (1 g/m2/day, injected i.v.) on days-5 and-4; semustine (250 mg/m2, orally) on day-3 and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) [2.5 mg/kg/day, rabbit, SangStat (Lyon, France)] on days-5,-4,-3, and-2. The primary endpoint was 1-year TRM. Results: From April 1, 2018 to April 10, 2020, a total of 50 patients were enrolled. All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment with complete donor chimerism. The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD at day-100 was 22.0%. The cumulative incidences of CMV viremia and EBV viremia on day 100 were 68.0 and 20.0%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of TRM at 1-year was 23.3%. and the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) at 1 year after transplantation was 16.5%. The overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 1 year were 63.5 and 60.2%, respectively. The outcomes were also comparable with patients who received Bu/Cy/ATG regimen using a propensity score matching method. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study suggested that a novel conditioning regimen followed by haploidentical HSCT might be a promising option for older patients. The study was registered as a clinical trial. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT03412409.

17.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1267-1281, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712867

RESUMO

The prognosis of 11q23/KMT2A-rearranged (KMT2A-r) acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is poor. Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic factor for relapse. Thus, we aimed to identify the evolution of KMT2A before and after allo-HSCT and the efficacy of preemptive immunotherapies for KMT2A-r AL patients receiving allo-HSCT. KMT2A expression was determined through TaqMan-based RQ-PCR technology. Preemptive immunotherapies included interferon-α and donor lymphocyte infusion. We collected 1751 bone marrow samples from 177 consecutive KMT2A-r AL patients. Pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was correlated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity (correlation coefficient=0.371, P<0.001). The rates of achieving KMT2A negativity after allo-HSCT were 96.6%, 92.9%, and 68.8% in the pre-HSCT low-level group (>0, <0.1%), intermediate-level group (≥ 0.1%, <1%), and high-level group (≥1%), respectively. The rates of regaining KMT2A positivity after allo-HSCT were 7.7%, 35.7%, 38.5%, and 45.5% for the pre-HSCT KMT2A-negative, low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level groups, respectively (P<0.001). The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse after allo-HSCT was as high as 53.7% in the pre-HSCT KMT2A expression ≥ 0.1% group, which was compared to the KMT2A-negative group (15.1%) and KMT2A <0.1% group (31.2%). The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poorer than those of patients with persistent KMT2A negativity. Although post-HSCT preemptive immunotherapies might help to achieve KMT2A negativity, the long-term efficacy was unsatisfactory. Thus, pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was significantly associated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity. The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poor, which might not be overcome by commonly used immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 292, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sequential monitoring of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) could predict relapse in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic role of WT1 in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT is unclear. Thus, we determined to see whether sequential monitoring of WT1 after allo-HSCT could predict relapse in AML children. METHODS: Pediatric AML patients receiving allo-HSCT from January 21, 2012 to December 20, 2018 at the Peking University Institute of Hematology were included in this study. WT1 expression level was determined by TaqMan-based reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. WT1 sequential monitoring was performed 1, 2, 3, 4.5, 6, 9, and 12 months post-transplantation and at 6-month intervals thereafter. The primary end point was relapse. The secondary end points included disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and non-relapse mortality (NRM). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for DFS and OS estimates, while competing risk analysis was used for estimating relapse and NRM. RESULTS: Of the 151 consecutive patients included, the median age was 10 years (range, 1-17). The optimal cutoff value of WT1 within 1 year after allo-HSCT to predict relapse was 0.8% (80 WT1 copies/104 ABL copies), with a sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 79%. Compared with WT1 expression < 0.8%, WT1 expression ≥0.8% indicated significantly higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 35.1% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.001), lower 5-year disease-free survival (DFS, 60.4% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.009), and lower 5-year overall survival (OS, 64.9% vs. 81.6%; P = 0.038) rates. Multivariate analyses showed that WT1 was an independent risk factor for relapse (HR 2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-6.71; P = 0.014). Both the CIR (5-year CIR: 8.3% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.513) and DFS (5-year DFS: 91.7% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.208) were comparable between patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment and those without MRD after allo-HSCT, which were better than those of MRD-positive patients without preemptive therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential monitoring of WT1 could predict relapse in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT. WT1-directed immunotherapy may have the potential to prevent relapse and improve survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Proteínas WT1/análise
19.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(3): 253.e1-253.e9, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781524

RESUMO

Acute cholecystitis (AC) is a potentially fatal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT); however, only limited information is available on its clinical features, outcomes, and risk management strategies. This retrospective, nested, case-control study included 6701 patients undergoing allo-HSCT at our center from January 2004 to June 2019. In total, 72 patients (1.1%) were diagnosed with AC; among these, acute acalculous cholecystitis had a slightly higher prevalence (42 patients, 58.3%). Patients with moderate and severe AC exhibited remarkably worse overall survival (P = .001) and non-relapse mortality (P = .011) than others. Survival of haploidentical HSCT recipients with AC was comparable to that for patients with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical donors. Age ≥ 18 years, antecedent stage II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease, and total parenteral nutrition were identified as potential risk factors for AC following allo-HSCT, while haploidentical transplantations were not more susceptible to AC than HLA-identical HSCT. Based on these criteria, a risk score model was developed and validated to estimate the probability of AC following allo-HSCT. The model separates all patients into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups and thereby provides a basis for early detection of this complication in the management of allo-HSCT.


Assuntos
Colecistite Aguda , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(10): 1199-1208, 2021 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) who underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT), many variables have been demonstrated to be associated with leukemia relapse. In this study, we attempted to establish a risk score system to predict transplant outcomes more precisely in patients with B-ALL after allo-SCT. METHODS: A total of 477 patients with B-ALL who underwent allo-SCT at Peking University People's Hospital from December 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective study. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with transplant outcomes after allo-SCT, and establish a risk score to identify patients with different probabilities of relapse. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed with the Cox proportional hazards model with time-dependent variables. RESULTS: All patients achieved neutrophil engraftment, and 95.4% of patients achieved platelet engraftment. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and non-relapse mortality were 20.7%, 70.4%, 65.6%, and 13.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with positive post-transplantation minimal residual disease (MRD), transplanted beyond the first complete remission (≥CR2), and without chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) had higher CIR (P  < 0.001, P = 0.004, and P  < 0.001, respectively) and worse LFS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.017, and P  < 0.001, respectively), and OS (P  < 0.001, P = 0.009, and P  < 0.001, respectively) than patients without MRD after transplantation, transplanted in CR1, and with cGVHD. A risk score for predicting relapse was formulated with the three above variables. The 5-year relapse rates were 6.3%, 16.6%, 55.9%, and 81.8% for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2, and 3 (P  < 0.001), respectively, while the 5-year LFS and OS values decreased with increasing risk score. CONCLUSION: This new risk score system might stratify patients with different risks of relapse, which could guide treatment.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Linfócitos B , Humanos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante de Células-Tronco
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