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1.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(9): 1482-1490, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474709

RESUMO

Zhengganxifeng decoction (ZGXFD) is a traditional Chinese medicinal formula, from "Medical Zhong parameter West recorded" by Xichun Zhang, which has been applied to the treatment of clinical essential hypertension. Besides its effect in blood pressure reduction, ZGXFD is also known to be a radical therapy with little or no side effects. Compared with western medicines, Chinese medicinal formulas have the advantage of simultaneously attacking multiple targets. However, such a property brings trouble to the pharmacological studies of Chinese medicines. This study investigated the composition of gut microbiota in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) treated with ZGXFD. ZGXFD was shown to cause similar effects in the treatment group as benazepril: both were able to reduce in SHR the microbial diversity, Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio and coccus to bacillus (C/B) ratio. Meanwhile, ZGXFD can maintain the integrity of intestinal mechanistic barrier and elevate the percentage of bacteria producing short chain fatty acids (SCFA). By investigating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) system, we found that ZGXFD can decrease the expression of angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) in lungs, which in turn causes a increase in AngI produces angiotensin1-7 (Ang1-7) and decrease in AngII. ZGXFD regulate blood pressure in SHR via RAS.

2.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4110-4121, 2019 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The tumor microenvironment in lung cancer plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) co-cultured with A549 lung cancer cells show changes in morphology, increase cell proliferation, and cell migration. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the changes induced in bone marrow-derived MSCs by A549 lung cancer cells in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS Bone marrow-derived MSCs were co-cultured with A549 cells (Co-BMSCs). Co-cultured bone marrow-derived MSCs and A549 cells treated with 50 µg/ml of APS (Co-BMSCs + APS) were compared with untreated Co-BMSCs. Cell proliferation was measured using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Flow cytometry evaluated the cell cycle. Microarray assays for mRNA expression and Western blot for protein expression were used. RESULTS Compared with untreated Co-BMSCs, APS treatment of Co-BMSCs improved cell morphology, reduced cell proliferation, and inhibited cell cycle arrest. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathway, TP53, caspase-3, acetylated H4K5, acetylated H4K8, and acetylated H3K9 were involved in the regulatory process. CONCLUSIONS APS treatment reduced cell proliferation and morphological changes in bone marrow-derived MSCs that were co-cultured with A549 lung cancer cells in vitro.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 16(2): 1696-1700, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30008855

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency and safety of zoledronic acid and ibandronate in the treatment of rats with lung cancer combined with bone metastases. A total of 124 rats with lung cancer bone metastasis were established. Rats were randomly divided into A, B and C groups (n=30). Rats in group A were treated with ibandronate combined with zoledronic acid, rats in group B were treated with zoledronic acid monotherapy, and rats in group C were treated with ibandronate monotherapy. Rats in group A were injected subcutaneously with zoledronic acid 0.1 mg/kg and ibandronate 10 µg/kg, once per week for 12 weeks; rats in group B were injected subcutaneously with zoledronic acid, and rats in group C were injected subcutaneously with ibandronate, the same method as the treatment group. The remaining 34 SD rats were not treated to serve as the control group. Treatment efficacy and physical improvement in 8 weeks were observed, and improvement of pain behavior in rats was evaluated to reflect the effect of drug treatment. Of the 30 rats in group A, 25 showed different degrees of remission, 5 rats showed no improvement and the effective rate was 83.3%. Of the 30 rats in group B, 21 showed different degrees of remission, 9 rats showed no improvement and the effective rate was 70%. Of the 30 rats in group C, 20 showed different degrees of remission, 10 rats showed no improvement and the effective rate was 66.7%. Statistically significant differences in total effective rate were found among three groups, and the combined method showed the highest effective rate (P<0.05). Ibandronate combined with zoledronic acid has a good therapeutic effect on cancer pain caused by bone metastases from lung cancer.

4.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 34(2): 154-158, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Investigate the influence of benazepril and amlodipine on the expression of secretin (PZ) and somatostatin (SS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). METHODS: Forty-five SHRs (14 weeks old, male) were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n=15):SHR group, Benazepril group (which was given benazepril 0.90 mg·kg-1·d-1) and Amlodipine group (SHRs were given amlodipine 0.45 mg· kg-1·d-1), taking WistarKyoto(WKY) as normal control (n=15), meanwhile, rats in SHR group and WKY group were given the same volume of distilled water. After 8 weeks of intervention, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay and RT-PCR. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of intervention, compared with the WKY group, the expression of protein and mRNA of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was increased significantly in SHR group (P<0. 05). Compared with SHR group, the expression of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi was decreased significantly in Benazepril group and Amlodipine group (P<0.05). Compared with Benazepril group, in Amlodipine group the expression of PZ mRNA in duodenum and SS mRNA in sinuses ventriculi was decreased more significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The regulation disorder of PZ in duodenum and SS in sinuses ventriculi exists in SHR. The antihypertensive effect of benazepril and amlodipine may be realized by regulating the expression of PZ and SS, while the regulation of amlodipine is more obvious than benazepril.

5.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 34(2): 177-181, 2018 Feb 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29926686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To observe the effects of Yougui pill (Traditional Chinese Medicine) on the related factors of Wnt signal pathway of rats with knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and explore its protective mechanism. METHODS: Sixty SPF SD rats were randomly divided into the sham-operative group, model group, glucosamine sulfate group, high-dose, middle-dose, low-dose of Yougui pill treated group (n=10). KOA model was established by modified Hulth method for six weeks. The rats in the high, middle and low-dose of Yougui pill group were treated with Yougui pills at the doses of 20,10 and 5 g/kg respectively by gastrogavage once a day for 8 weeks, while equal volume of normal saline was given to those in the sham and model control group and an equal volume of glucosamine sulfate (1.7 g/kg·d) was given to those in glucosamine sulfate group for 8 weeks. The knee joint was removed after the last dose of drug. The pathological changes of cartilaginous tissues were observed under a microscope. The mRNA levels of Dickkopf homolog 1(DKK1), Wnt induced secreted protein 1(WISP1), Wnt1, low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 5(LRP5) and beta -catenin in rats cartilaginous tissues were analyzed by using RT-PCR method, and the protein contents of DKK1, WISP1, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin in cartilaginous tissues were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the sham group, the articular cartilage was severely damaged, the Mankin score was increased significantly (P<0. 05), the mRNA and protein expression levels of DKK1 in cartilaginous tissue were markedly decreased(P<0.05), while those of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin were increased significantly in model group(P<0.05). Compared with model group, the articular cartilage lesions was light (P<0.05), the Mankin Score was decreased significantly(P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein levels of DKK1 in cartilaginous tissue were increased(P<0.05), while those of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5 and beta-catenin were decreased in Yougui pill high-dose group and glucosamine sulfate group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Yougui pill has protective effects on the KOA by inhibiting the expressions of WISP, Wnt1, LRP5, beta-catenin and increasing the expression of DKK1 cytokine in the Wnt signaling pathway.

6.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 33(11): 1850-1858, 2017 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29202521

RESUMO

To study the effect of Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) on adipogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) cultured in hypoxic environment. The optimal APS concentration, which could promote the proliferation of BMSCs, was screened by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium method. The concentration was used to intervene in BMSCs-induced by adipogenic differentiation fluid growing in different oxygen concentrations (3%, 6%, 10% and 20%). The formation of lipid droplets in the BMSCs-intervened was observed by oil red O staining under the optical microscope. The mRNA and protein levels of the lipid relating genes peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma 2 (PPAR-γ2) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were detected by Real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The results showed that, comparing with the control group, 40 µg/mL APS could significantly promote the proliferation of BMSCs under low oxygen concentration. A large amount of lipid droplets existed in BMSCs growing in the adipogenic inducing fluid containing 40 µg/mL APS and the hypoxic environment, and the protein and mRNA levels of PPAR-γ2 and LPL also raised. It was worth noting that the phenomenon was more significant in 10% oxygen concentration, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). 40 µg/mL APS had effect on promoting the proliferation and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs cultured in hypoxic environment, and the effect was related to the concentration of oxygen of BMSCs-cultured.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(4): 2983-2991, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28966680

RESUMO

The initiation and progression of various types of tumors, such as lung neoplasms, are driven by a population of cells with stem cell properties and their microenvironment. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in long-term in vitro culture may exhibit spontaneous changes in stem cell biological properties, including malignant transformations; however, the molecular mechanisms of this have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, a BM-MSC and lung cancer A549 cell co-culture system was utilized to investigate how the tumor microenvironment may spontaneously change the proliferation, migration and differentiation of BM-MSCs. It was demonstrated that the lung cancer A549 microenvironment is able to induce changes in the cell morphology, proliferation, karyotype, cytoskeleton and migration ability of BM-MSCs in vitro. Compared with the control group BM-MSCs, the expression of Ras, phosphorylated-extracellular regulated protein kinases, nuclear factor-κB, P62 and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) proteins in groups of co-cultured BM-MSCs increased significantly (P<0.05) and the expression of P53, Bcl-2 associated X protein and caspase-3 protein decreased significantly (P<0.05). The mechanisms responsible for the changes observed in BM-MSCs may be related to abnormal expression of related genes in the ERK signaling pathway.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26248418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influences of ultrafiltration and alcohol sedimentation on protective effects of Radix Astragali and Radix Hedyseri against rat's cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Using dexamethasone (im.) and ligating common carotid artery, the rat stasis model combined transient cerebral ischemia was established to evaluate the effects of the ultrafiltration and alcohol sedimentation through detecting antioxidant system and other indexes in brain tissue. RESULTS: The results showed that the 6 g/kg water extract(crude drug), ultrafiltration and alcohol sedimentation of Radix Astragali and Radix Hedyseri could upgrade adenosine-triphosphate (ATP), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), and degrade malondialdehyde(MDA) and water content of brain tissue in rat stasis model combined transient cerebral ischemia, the water extract and ultrafiltration of them could degrade lactic acid (LD) of brain tissue, and the effects of alcohol sedimentation of Radix Astragali and Radix Hedyseri become weaker than water extract of them. CONCLUSION: The water extract, ultrafiltration and alcohol sedimentation of Radix Astragali and Radix Hedyseri have some protective effects on cerebral ischemia in rats, the effective differences of the extract through the same extraction method are not remarkable, and alcohol precipitation method has obvious influences effect on Radix Astragali and Radix Hedyseri.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta)/química , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Álcoois/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/química , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Ultrafiltração
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25016859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of JTS, Traditional Chinese Medicine caps. treating cerebral ischemia on metabolism and antioxidant system in cerebral ischemia rat. METHODS: I.m. dexamethasone and ligating common carotid artery, the model of cerebral ischemia rats was established to investigate the effects of JTS caps. and its mechanisms through detecting substance metabolism, energy metabolism and antioxidant system. RESULTS: JTS caps. (1.78 - 3.56 g/kg) could upgrade glucose (Glu), total amino acids (T-AA), ATP, Na(+)-K(+) -ATPase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) of brain tissue and degrade lactic acid (LD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and water content of brain tissue in cerebral ischemia rat (P < 0.05, 0.01). JTS caps. (3.56 g/kg) could also depress extenuation of rat's body weight. CONCLUSION: JTS caps. has some protections against the cerebral ischemia in rats, and one of the mechanisms may be improving the metabolism and antioxidant system.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
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