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1.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(1): 165554, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513833

RESUMO

Activation of interferon (IFN)-I signaling in B cells contributes to the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Recent studies have shown that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) significantly expand in SLE patients and lupus-prone MRL/lpr mice and contribute to the pathogenesis of SLE. However, the role of SLE-derived MDSCs in regulating IFN-I signaling activation of B cells remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that expansions of MDSCs, including granulocyte (G)-MDSCs and monocytic (M)-MDSCs, during the progression of SLE were correlated with the IFN-I signature of B cells. Interestingly, G-MDSCs from MRL/lpr mice, but not M-MDSCs, could significantly promote IFN-I signaling activation of B cells and contribute to the pathogenesis of SLE. Mechanistically, we identified that the long non-coding RNA NEAT1 was over-expressed in G-MDSCs from MRL/lpr mice and could induce the promotion of G-MDSCs on IFN-I signaling activation of B cells through B cell-activating factor (BAFF) secretion. Importantly, NEAT1 deficiency significantly attenuated the lupus symptoms in pristane-induced lupus mice. In addition, there was a positive correlation between NEAT1 and BAFF with the IFN signature in SLE patients. In conclusion, G-MDSCs may contribute to the IFN signature in SLE B cells through the NEAT1-BAFF axis, highlighting G-MDSCs as a potential therapeutic target to treat SLE.

2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1824, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428103

RESUMO

Macrophages play a critical role in the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock by producing excessive amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A pan-caspase inhibitor, zVAD, can be used to induce necroptosis under certain stimuli. The role of zVAD in both regulating the survival and activation of macrophages, and the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock remains not entirely clear. Here, we found that treatment of mice with zVAD could significantly reduce mortality and alleviate disease after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Notably, in LPS-challenged mice, treatment with zVAD could also reduce the percentage of peritoneal macrophages by promoting necroptosis and inhibiting pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages. In vitro studies showed that pretreatment with zVAD promoted LPS-induced nitric oxide-mediated necroptosis of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs), leading to reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion. Interestingly, zVAD treatment promoted the accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in a mouse model of endotoxin shock, and this process inhibited LPS-induced pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages. Based on these findings, we conclude that treatment with zVAD alleviates LPS-induced endotoxic shock by inducing macrophage necroptosis and promoting MDSC-mediated inhibition of macrophage activation. Thus, this study provides insights into the effects of zVAD treatment in inflammatory diseases, especially endotoxic shock.

3.
Immunology ; 157(3): 257-267, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120548

RESUMO

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves a variety of cytokines and cells. Interleukin-16 (IL-16) is highly expressed during allergic airway inflammation and is involved in its development. However, its specific mechanism of action remains unclear. In the present study, we used an animal model of ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma with mice harboring an IL-16 gene deletion to investigate the role of this cytokine in asthma, in addition to its underlying mechanism. Increased IL-16 expression was observed during OVA-induced asthma in C57BL/6J mice. However, when OVA was used to induce asthma in IL-16-/- mice, a diminished inflammatory reaction, decreased bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) eosinophil numbers, and the suppression of OVA-specific IgE levels in the serum and BALF were observed. The results also demonstrated decreased levels of T helper type 2 (Th2) and Th17 cytokines upon OVA-induced asthma in IL-16-/- mice. Hence, we confirmed that IL-16 enhances the lung allergic inflammatory response and suggest a mechanism possibly associated with the up-regulation of IgE and the promotion of Th2 and Th17 cytokine production. This work explored the mechanism underlying the regulation of IL-16 in asthma and provides a new target for the clinical treatment of asthma.

4.
Front Immunol ; 10: 215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809230

RESUMO

Dysregulation of macrophage has been demonstrated to contribute to aberrant immune responses and inflammatory diseases. CD11b, expressed on macrophages, plays a critical role in regulating pathogen recognition, phagocytosis, and cell survival. In the present study, we explored the effect of leukadherin-1 (LA1), an agonist of CD11b, on regulating LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages and endotoxic shock. Intriguingly, we found that LA1 could significantly reduce mortalities of mice and alleviated pathological injury of liver and lung in endotoxic shock. In vivo studies showed that LA1-induced activation of CD11b significantly inhibited the LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages of mice. Moreover, LA1-induced activation of CD11b significantly inhibited LPS/IFN-γ-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages by inhibiting MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways in vitro. Furthermore, the mice injected with LA1-treated BMDMs showed fewer pathological lesions than those injected with vehicle-treated BMDMs in endotoxic shock. In addition, we found that activation of TLR4 by LPS could endocytose CD11b and activation of CD11b by LA1 could endocytose TLR4 in vitro and in vivo, subsequently blocking the binding of LPS with TLR4. Based on these findings, we concluded that LA1-induced activation of CD11b negatively regulates LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response in macrophages and subsequently protects mice from endotoxin shock by partially blocking LPS-TLR4 interaction. Our study provides a new insight into the role of CD11b in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.

5.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1865(3): 535-546, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30557700

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) play an immunosuppressive role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. CD180, a TLR-like protein, can regulate the proliferation and activation of immune cells. However, the roles of CD180 in regulating the accumulation and function of MDSCs have not been investigated. Here, we found that, compared with non-treated controls, the expression of CD180 was significantly elevated in MDSCs, especially granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), from mice challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Ligation of CD180 by the anti-CD180 antibody not only blocked the expansion of MDSCs by preventing the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), but also reduced the immunosuppressive activity of MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization through inhibition of Arg-1 expression in vitro. In vivo studies showed that injection of anti-CD180 antibody significantly aggravated pathological lesions in mice challenged with LPS. Furthermore, injection of anti-CD180 antibody inhibited the accumulation of G-MDSCs in mice challenged with LPS and reduced the immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization. Based on these findings, we conclude that ligation of CD180 contributes to the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock by inhibiting the accumulation and immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs, thus providing insight into the function of CD180 in inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacologia , Antígenos CD/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/fisiologia , Choque Séptico/induzido quimicamente , Choque Séptico/imunologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Células Supressoras Mieloides/citologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Ligação Proteica , Choque Séptico/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
6.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 34(11): 961-968, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30591103

RESUMO

Objective To study the effect of CD11b agonist leukadherin-1 (LA1) on the aggregation and immunosuppressive function of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and its therapeutic effect on the condition of endotoxic shock mice. Methods The percentages of MDSCs , granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells(G-MDSCs)and monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells(M-MDSCs)in spleen were detected by flow cytometry, after C57BL/6 female mice were injected of LA1 to activate through abdominal cavity for 12 hours and 48 hours. MDSCs were induced from the femur and tibia of C57BL/6 female mice in vitro. The expression levels of immunosuppressive related factors, such as interleukin 10 (IL-10), NADPH oxidase 1 (NOX1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , were detected by real time quantitative PCR. C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into PBS group, LA1 group, PBS combined LPS group and LA1 combined LPS group. Flow cytometry was utilized to detect the ratio changes of MDSCs, G-MDSCs and M-MDSCs as well as the expression of CD86 and CD40 in macrophage, hematoxylin-eosin staining of lung and liver was utilized to detect the pathological injury, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling(TUNEL)was used to detect the apoptosis of pneumonocyte and hepatocyte and mortality analysis was reflected the severity of the disease. Based on the above indicators, we analyzed the effects of LA1 on the aggregation of MDSCs and the condition of mice in endotoxic shock. Results The ratio of MDSCs was increased by LA1 treatment for 12 and 48 hours. Further analysis of the proportions of G-MDSCs showed that LA1 treatment for 12 hours increased the proportions of G-MDSCs compared with the control group. In vitro, mRNA levels of IL-10, NOX1 and iNOS were increased after LA1 treatment in MDSCs. In vivo experiments, compared with the PBS combined LPS group, the proportions of MDSCs and G-MDSCs in LA1 combined LPS group were increased, the injuries of liver and lung were alleviated, the mortalities were reduced, and the activations of macrophage were decreased. Conclusion The activation of CD11b by LA1 alleviates endotoxin shock by promoting the aggregation of MDSCs and the expression of immunosuppressive related factors.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/farmacologia , Antígeno CD11b/agonistas , Células Supressoras Mieloides/citologia , Choque Séptico/tratamento farmacológico , Tioidantoínas/farmacologia , Animais , Feminino , Interleucina-10/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NADPH Oxidase 1/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Baço/citologia
7.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 34(8): 695-701, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384867

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the role of interleukin-16 (IL-16) in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and clarify its regulatory mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of IBD. Methods Seven-week-old wild-type C57BL/6 (WT) and IL-16 knockout (IL-16-/-) female mice were divided into WT control group, WT dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) treatment group, IL-16-/- control group and IL-16-/- DSS treatment group. The DSS model groups were given the water with 25 g/L DSS for 7 days to establish the IBD models, while the control groups were given the normal water. During the modeling period, the body mass of mice was recorded to calculate the body mass curve. After 7 days, the whole colon of the mice was dissected and the level of IL-16 mRNA in the colon tissue was detected by real-time PCR. The level of IL-16 protein in the colon tissue was detected by ELISA. The expression and localization of IL-16 in the colon tissue were observed by immunofluorescence technique. HE staining was used to detect colonic pathological injury in mice. TUNEL assay was used to detect cell apoptosis of the colon tissue. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number and polarization of macrophages in peritoneal cells (F4/80, CD86). Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the distribution of macrophages in the colon tissues. Real-time PCR was used to detect IL-6 and IL-12 mRNA levels in the colon tissue, and IL-6 and IL-12 protein levels were detected by ELISA. Results DSS induced high expression of IL-16 in the colon tissue. Compared with WT DSS treatment group, IL-16-/- DSS treatment group showed less changes in body mass, less colon tissue damage, and markedly lower percents of apoptotic cells in the peritoneal or colonic tissues of IL-16-/- mice. What's more, the number of macrophages, the polarization level of M1 macrophages, and the levels of the iconic inflammatory factors IL-6 and IL-12 significantly decreased in IL-16-/- DSS treatment group compared with WT DSS treatment group. Conclusion IL-16 can aggravate DSS-induced IBD by promoting the polarization of M1 macrophages.

8.
Inflammation ; 41(6): 2090-2100, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30143931

RESUMO

Endotoxin shock is a life-threatening response caused by a disordered immune response to an infection. MDSCs are accumulated and play a protective role in the pathogenesis of endotoxin shock. However, the regulation of MDSCs by small molecule remains unrevealed. Here, we report that arctigenin, a small molecule extracted from Arctium lappa, induces accumulation of functional MDSCs. Arctigenin was able to ameliorate LPS-induced inflammation through accumulating MDSCs, especially granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), and enhancing the immunosuppressive function of MDSCs in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, arctigenin promoted the accumulation of MDSCs through upregulating miR-127-5p which targets the 3'UTR of interferon regulatory factor-8 (IRF8) mRNA. In addition, arctigenin enhanced the immunosuppressive activity of MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization by elevating the expression of arginase 1 (Arg-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Our study provides new insights into the regulation of functional MDSCs by arctigenin in exerting immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.

9.
Am J Transl Res ; 10(5): 1552-1561, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29887968

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play important roles in tumor initiation, metastasis, and progression. They are also mainly responsible for high treatment failure rates. Identification and characterization of CSCs are crucial for facilitating the detection, prevention, or therapy of cancer. Great efforts have been paid to develop an effective method and the ideal method for CSCs research is still in the going. In our study, we created an ultra-low concentration of serum and non-adhesive (ULCSN) culture system to enrich CSCs from murine lewis lung cancer cell line LL/2 with cell spheres structure and characterize the LL/2 CSCs properties. Their characteristics were investigated through colony formation, spheres formation, chemoresistance, flow cytometry for putative stem cell markers, such as CD133, CD34 and CD45, immunofluorescence staining and tumor initiation capacity in vivo. Tumor spheres were formed within 7-10 days under the condition of ULCSN culture system. Compared with adherent parental LL/2 cells, the colony capacity, chemo-resistance, and expression of stem cell markers increased significantly in addition to tumor-initiating capability in the tumor sphere cells. Using the ULCSN culture system, an available isolation method of lewis lung CSCs was established, which is simple, effective, and inexpensive compared with the cytokines attachment serum free culture method. The stem cell properties of the tumor sphere LL/2 cells reflected the CSCs phenotypes. We developed a useful CSCs model for basic and pre-clinical studies for lung cancer and other types of cancer.

10.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1863(11): 2796-2807, 2017 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28802852

RESUMO

Autophagy extensively participates in immune responses and inflammatory diseases. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are derived from CD11b+Gr1+ cells under pathological conditions and play an immunosuppressive role in the pathogenesis of cancer and inflammatory diseases. However, the role of autophagy in regulating the accumulation and activity of MDSCs remains unknown. In the present study, we evaluated the effects and mechanisms of autophagy on regulating accumulation and activity of MDSCs. We first found that granulocytic MDSCs (G-MDSCs), but not monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs), were accumulated in mice challenged by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and showed an elevated autophagy activity. Pharmacological inhibition of autophagy significantly enhanced accumulation of G-MDSCs in vivo and in vitro. Notably, inhibition of autophagy enhanced the immunosuppressive activity of G-MDSCs on M1 macrophage polarization by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Inhibition of autophagy promotes the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in G-MDSCs, which is required for the accumulation and activity of MDSCs. In addition, in vivo pharmacological inhibition of autophagy significantly attenuated the condition of mice challenged by LPS. Thus, we conclude that inhibition of autophagy contributes to accumulation and immunosuppressive function of G-MDSCs by promoting the activation of STAT3 signaling, suggesting that autophagy may play a critical role in regulating accumulation and activity of MDSCs. Our study provides new insights into understanding the mechanisms of autophagy in regulating immune responses and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Autofagia/imunologia , Granulócitos/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/imunologia , Choque Séptico/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Animais , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Granulócitos/patologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Camundongos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Choque Séptico/induzido quimicamente , Choque Séptico/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Plant Physiol ; 173(1): 788-800, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27872246

RESUMO

The phytohormone auxin is involved in virtually every aspect of plant growth and development. Through polar auxin transport, auxin gradients can be established, which then direct plant differentiation and growth. Shade avoidance responses are well-known processes that require polar auxin transport. In this study, we have identified a mutant, shade avoidance 4 (sav4), defective in shade-induced hypocotyl elongation and basipetal auxin transport. SAV4 encodes an unknown protein with armadillo repeat- and tetratricopeptide repeat-like domains known to provide protein-protein interaction surfaces. C terminally yellow fluorescent protein-tagged SAV4 localizes to both the plasma membrane and the nucleus. Membrane-localized SAV4 displays a polar association with the shootward plasma membrane domain in hypocotyl and root cells, which appears to be necessary for its function in hypocotyl elongation. Cotransfection of SAV4 and ATP-binding cassette B1 (ABCB1) auxin transporter in tobacco (Nicotiana benthamiana) revealed that SAV4 blocks ABCB1-mediated auxin efflux. We thus propose that polarly localized SAV4 acts to inhibit ABCB-mediated auxin efflux toward shoots and facilitates the establishment of proper auxin gradients.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Hipocótilo/metabolismo , Ácidos Indolacéticos/metabolismo , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Transporte Biológico , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Mutação , Raízes de Plantas/citologia , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo
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