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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35022625

RESUMO

PANI materials usually contain a certain amount of insulating components, e.g., imine (N-) and amine (-NH-) groups, limiting the electrochemical redox of PANI. Herein, we proposed a simple protonation strategy to activate the redox couples of the PANI cathode for aqueous Zn batteries, during which the insulating N- groups are partially converted to the conductive emeraldine salt (polarons -NH+-), endowing PANI more active sites and enhanced conductivity. The A-PANI electrode realizes efficient transitions of leucoemeraldine/emeraldine and emeraldine/pernigraniline, achieving a high discharge capacity of 183 mA h g-1, long life span, and good energy density of 178 W h kg-1 at the power density of 680 W kg-1. These values are significantly superior to those of the original PANI electrode, indicating the high efficiency of the proposed strategy. This simple protonation method could be applicable for many electrochemical devices, such as supercapacitors, sensors, and batteries.

2.
Food Chem ; 377: 132048, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35030339

RESUMO

Citrus-white teas (CWs), which possess a balanced flavour of tea and citrus, are becoming more popular worldwide; however, their characteristic flavour and odourants received limited research. Volatile components of two types of CWs prepared from Citrus reticulata Blanco 'Chachiensis' and Camellia sinensis 'Fudingdabai' were comprehensively investigated using a combination of stir bar sorptive extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ninety-nine crucial odourants in the CWs were quantified by applying GC-olfactometry/MS, significant differences were compared, and their odour activity values (OAVs) were calculated. Twenty-two odourants (in total 2628.09 and 1131.18 mg/kg respectively) were further confirmed as traditional CW (CW-A) and innovated CW (CW-B) characteristic flavour crucial contributors which all possessed > 1 OAVs, particularly limonene (72919 in CW-A) and trans-ß-ionone (138953 in CW-B). The unravelling of CWs aroma composition will greatly expanding our understanding of tea aroma chemistry and the potential aroma interactions will offer insights into tea blending technologies.

3.
Sex Transm Dis ; 49(1): 22-28, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of syphilis is very high in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men (MSM), and effective interventions are needed to educate HIV-positive individuals about behavioral and biological risk factors. Therefore, we developed a standard case management process and conducted a randomized controlled study to investigate the impact on risky sexual behaviors and syphilis in HIV-positive MSM. METHODS: Men who have sex with men (n = 220) were enrolled and randomized to the case management intervention group and the control group between May 2016 and January 2017. The control group received routine HIV-related care. In addition to routine HIV-related care, those in the intervention group regularly received extended services from a well-trained case manager. Epidemiological information was collected during the baseline face-to-face interviews by a trained investigator. Serological tests for syphilis and assessments of risky sexual behaviors were performed at baseline and 6 and 12 months after the initiation of treatment. RESULTS: The syphilis incidence rates in the intervention and control groups were 11.3 per 100 person-years and 20.6 per 100 person-years, respectively. The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence inter) for syphilis in case management group was 0.34 (0.14-0.87). The percentages of participants who resumed risky sexual behaviors in both groups were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) but did not significantly differ between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: A case management intervention reduced the incidence of syphilis in HIV-positive MSM. We should further increase the content of case management on the basis of providing routine HIV-related care to those people.

4.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 143: 107955, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607261

RESUMO

In this work, we design an immunosensor for zearalenone (ZEN) detection with PEI-rGO/Pt@Au NRs nanocomposite as the modification material. PEI-rGO/Pt@Au NRs nanocomposite have good stability, conductivity and a large specific surface area, so they are chosen as the substrate material for the modified electrode, which is beneficial in improving the detection performance of the sensor. When antibody binds to ZEN, the current signal decreases, and the response signal changes after ZEN incubation, recorded by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) methods. Under the optimised conditions, the electrochemical response of the constructed immunosensor shows a linear relation to a wide concentration range from 1 pg/mL to 1 × 106 pg/mL with a detection limit of 0.02 pg/mL. Additionally, the proposed electrochemical immunosensor has high selectivity, good stability and great potential for the trace detection of ZEN in real samples.

5.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 539: 111485, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619292

RESUMO

Adipogenesis is regulated by a complicated network of transcription factors among which PPARγ and C/EBP family members are the major regulators. During adipogenesis, C/EBPß is induced early and then transactivates PPARγ and C/EBPα, which cooperatively induce genes whose expressions give rise to the mature adipocyte phenotype. Identifying the factors that influence the expression and activity of C/EBPß should provide additional insight into the mechanisms regulating adipogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that depletion of Ajuba in 3T3-L1 cells significantly decreases mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ and C/EBPα and impairs adipocyte differentiation, while overexpression increases expression of these genes and promotes adipocyte differentiation. Moreover, restoration of C/EBPα or PPARγ expression in Ajuba-deficient 3T3-L1 cells improves the impaired lipid accumulation. Mechanistically, Ajuba interacts with C/EBPß and recruits CBP to facilitate the binding of C/EBPß to the promoter of PPARγ and C/EBPα, resulting in increased H3 histone acetylation and target gene expression. Collectively, these data indicate that Ajuba functions as a co-activator of C/EBPß, and may be an important therapeutic target for combating obesity-related diseases.

6.
J Immunol ; 208(2): 347-357, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34911773

RESUMO

Although the mechanism of NK cell activation is still unclear, the strict calcium dependence remains the hallmark for lytic granule secretion. A plethora of studies claiming that impaired Ca2+ signaling leads to severely defective cytotoxic granule exocytosis accompanied by weak target cell lysis has been published. However, there has been little discussion about the effect of induced calcium signal on NK cell cytotoxicity. In our study, we observed that small-molecule inhibitor UNC1999, which suppresses global H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) of human NK cells, induced a PKD2-dependent calcium signal. Enhanced calcium entry led to unbalanced vesicle release, which resulted into fewer target cells acquiring lytic granules and subsequently being killed. Further analyses revealed that the ability of conjugate formation, lytic synapse formation, and granule polarization were normal in NK cells treated with UNC1999. Cumulatively, these data indicated that induced calcium signal exclusively enhances unbalanced degranulation that further inhibits their cytotoxic activity in human NK cells.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 716884, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867324

RESUMO

Objectives: Sestrin2 (Sesn2) has been demonstrated to be a cysteine sulfinyl reductase and protects cells from multiple stress insults, including hypoxia, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and oxidative stress. However, the roles and mechanisms of Sesn2 in pressure overload-induced mouse cardiac hypertrophy have not been clearly clarified. This study intended to investigate whether sestrin2 (Sesn2) overexpression could prevent pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy via an AMPKα2 dependent pathway through conditional knockout of AMPKα2. Methods and results: Sesn2 expression was significantly increased in mice hearts at 2 and 4 weeks after aortic banding (AB) surgery, but decreased to 60-70% of the baseline at 8 weeks. Sesn2 overexpression (at 3, 6, and 9 folds) showed little cardiac genetic toxicity in transgenic mice. Cardiac dysfunctions induced by pressure overload were attenuated by cardiomyocyte-specific Sesn2 overexpression when measured by echocardiography and hemodynamic analysis. Results of HE and PSR staining showed that Sesn2 overexpression significantly alleviated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis in mice hearts induced by pressure overload. Meanwhile, adenovirus-mediated-Sesn2 overexpression markedly suppressed angiotensin II-induced neonatal rat cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Mechanistically, Sesn2 overexpression increased AMPKα2 phosphorylation but inhibited mTORC1 phosphorylation. The cardiac protections of Sesn2 overexpression were also via regulating oxidative stress by enhancing Nrf2/HO-1 signaling, restoring SOD activity, and suppressing NADPH activity. Particularly, we first proved the vital role of AMPKα2 in the regulation of Sesn2 with AMPKα2 knockout (AMPKα2-/-) mice and Sesn2 transgenic mice crossed with AMPKα2-/-, since Sesn2 overexpression failed to improve cardiac function, inhibit cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and attenuate oxidative stress after AMPKα2 knockout. Conclusion: This study uniquely revealed that Sesn2 overexpression showed little genetic toxicity in mice hearts and inhibited mTORC1 activation and oxidative stress to protect against pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy in an AMPKα2 dependent pathway. Thus, interventions through promoting Sesn2 expression might be a potential strategy for treating pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.

8.
J Genet Genomics ; 2021 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34883258

RESUMO

Gut microbiota plays an important role in coronary heart disease, but its compositional and functional changes in unstable angina (UA) remain unexplored. We performed metagenomic sequencing of 133 newly diagnosed UA patients and 133 sex- and age-matched controls, and profiled the fecal and plasma metabolomes in thirty case-control pairs. The alpha diversity of gut microbiota was increased in UA patients: the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) per standard deviation increase in Shannon and Simpson indices were 1.30 (95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.70) and 1.36 (1.05-1.81), respectively. Two common species (depleted Klebsiella pneumoniae and enriched Streptococcus parasanguinis; P ≤ 0.002) and three rare species (depleted Weissella confusa, enriched Granulicatella adiacens and Erysipelotrichaceae bacterium 6_1_45; P ≤ 0.005) were associated with UA. The UA-associated gut microbiota was depleted in the pathway of L-phenylalanine degradation (P = 0.001), primarily contributed by Klebsiella pneumoniae. Consistently, we found increased circulating phenylalanine in UA patients (OR = 2.76 [1.17-8.16]). Moreover, S. parasanguinis was negatively correlated with fecal citrulline (Spearman's rs = -0.470, P = 0.009), a metabolite depleted in UA patients (OR = 0.26 [0.08-0.63]). These findings are informative to help understand the metabolic connection between gut microbiota and UA.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(21): 5560-5567, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951207

RESUMO

The terpenoids in Pogostemon cablin have complex structures and abundant pharmacological effects. Patchouli alcohol(PA) and pogostone(PO) have a high medicinal value by virtue of anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, and other biological activities. Due to the low content of terpenoid metabolites in P. cablin, the study of biosynthesis and metabolism regulation can provide a biosynthetic basis for obtaining high-content terpenoids. In this study, key enzyme genes in biosynthesis, transcription factors in metabolism regulation, spatio-temporal expression of terpene synthase were reviewed, aiming to provide a reference for the development, protection, and utilization of P. cablin resources.


Assuntos
Pogostemon , Pogostemon/genética , Terpenos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
10.
Mol Ther ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915192

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A), as the most pervasive internal modification of eukaryotic mRNA, plays a crucial role in various cancers, but its role in multiple myeloma (MM) pathogenesis has not yet been investigated. In this study, we revealed significantly decreased m6A methylation in plasma cells (PCs) from MM patients and showed that the abnormal m6A level resulted mainly from upregulation of the demethylase fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO). Gain- and loss-of-function studies demonstrated that FTO plays a tumor-promoting and pro-metastatic role in MM. Combined m6A and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and subsequent validation and functional studies identified heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) as a functional target of FTO-mediated m6A modification. FTO significantly promotes MM cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by targeting HSF1/HSPs in a YTHDF2-dependent manner. FTO inhibition, especially when combined with bortezomib (BTZ) treatment, synergistically inhibited myeloma bone tumor formation and extramedullary spread in NOD-Prkdcem26Cd52il2rgem26Cd22/Nju (NCG) mice. We demonstrated the functional importance of m6A demethylase FTO in MM progression, especially in promoting extramedullary myeloma (EMM) formation, and proposed the FTO-HSF1/HSP axis as a potential novel therapeutic target in MM.

11.
Mar Drugs ; 19(12)2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34940651

RESUMO

This study investigates the inhibitory effect of astaxanthin (AST) on testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in rats. Except for the sham operation, BPH model rats were randomly assigned to five groups: the BPH model control rats, AST-treated BPH model rats (20 mg/kg, 40 mg/kg, and 80 mg/kg), and epristeride (EPR)-treated BPH model rats. After treatment, as compared with the BPH model control rats, the prostate and ventral prostate weights of the AST-treated rats decreased, while there was a marked decline in the 80 mg/kg AST-treated rats. The same effect was also observed in the prostate index and ventral prostate index. The proliferation characteristics of epithelia observed in the BPH model control group were gradually alleviated in the AST-treated rats. As compared with the BPH model control rats, lower epithelial thicknesses of prostates and fewer secretory granules in epithelia were observed in the AST-treated rats. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of prostates increased in all the AST-treated rats with a significant increase in the 40 mg/kg and 80 mg/kg AST-treated rats. The testosterone (T) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) levels of prostates in the AST-treated groups were lower than those in the BPH model control group, and a significant decline was found in the T level of prostates in the 40 g/kg and 80 mg/kg AST-treated rats and the DHT level of prostates in the 40 mg/kg AST-treated rats. These results indicate that AST might have an inhibitory effect on T-induced BPH in rats, possibly due to SOD activity regulation and T and DHT levels.

12.
Cells ; 10(12)2021 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34944103

RESUMO

p66α is a GATA zinc finger domain-containing transcription factor that has been shown to be essential for gene silencing by participating in the NuRD complex. Several studies have suggested that p66α is a risk gene for a wide spectrum of diseases such as diabetes, schizophrenia, and breast cancer; however, its biological role has not been defined. Here, we report that p66α functions as a tumor suppressor to inhibit breast cancer cell growth and migration, evidenced by the fact that the depletion of p66α results in accelerated tumor growth and migration of breast cancer cells. Mechanistically, immunoprecipitation assays identify p66α as a p53-interacting protein that binds the DNA-binding domain of p53 molecule predominantly via its CR2 domain. Depletion of p66α in multiple breast cells results in decreased expression of p53 target genes, while over-expression of p66α results in increased expression of these target genes. Moreover, p66α promotes the transactivity of p53 by enhancing p53 binding at target promoters. Together, these findings demonstrate that p66α is a tumor suppressor by functioning as a co-activator of p53.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Repressoras/química , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/química
13.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent studies reported therapeutic effects of monotherapy with either tumour suppressor p53 (p53) agonist or hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) antagonist for pulmonary hypertension (PH). This study investigated whether a combined treatment of p53 agonist, Nutlin3a, and HIF-2α antagonist, PT2385, would be more effective than monotherapy, based on the cell type-divergent regulation of p53 in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and endothelial cells (PAEC) in patients and animals with PH. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The SU5416/hypoxia-induced PH (SuHx-PH) rat model was used, along with cultured human PASMC and PAEC. Western blot, RT-PCR, siRNA and immunohistochemical methods were used along with echocardiography and studies with isolated pulmonary arteries. KEY RESULTS: Hypoxia-induced proliferation of PASMC is associated with decreased p53, whereas hypoxia-induced PAEC apoptosis is associated with increased p53, via a HIF-2α-dependent mechanism. Combined treatment with Nutlin3a and PT2385 is more effective by simultaneously inhibiting the hypoxia-induced PASMC proliferation and PAEC apoptosis, overcoming the side-effects of monotherapy. These are (i) Nutlin3a exacerbates hypoxia-induced PAEC apoptosis by inducing p53 in PAEC and (ii) PT2385 inhibits PAEC apoptosis because HIF-2α is predominantly expressed in PAEC but lacks direct effects on the hypoxia-induced PASMC proliferation. In rats, combination treatment is more effective than monotherapy in reversing established SuHx-PH, especially in protecting pulmonary arterial vasculature, by normalizing smooth muscle thickening, protecting against endothelial damage and improving function. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Combination treatment confers greater therapeutic efficacy against PH through a selective modulation of p53 and HIF-2α in PASMC and PAEC.

14.
Hematology ; 26(1): 809-817, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602023

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is a common complication after T-replete HLA haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (haplo-HCT) with PTCy. We aim to assess the incidence, severity, and impact of CRS on clinical outcomes of patients who received haplo-HCT using Beijing Protocol. METHODS: This was a single-enter retrospective analysis of 286 subjects who received haplo-HCT with Antithymocyte Globulin (ATG). RESULTS: We identified 147/268 (54.9%) patients who developed CRS, grade 1 CRS (32.5%) and grade ≥2 CRS (22.4%). Eight patients developed severe CRS. The incidence and severity of CRS did not show significant discrimination among patients who received different doses of ATG. By multivariable analysis, age and the disease status at transplantation were significantly associated with the occurrence of CRS (p =.000 and p = .021). In the univariate analysis for the severity of CRS, compared with CRS grade ≥2, patients with CRS grade 0-1 had higher 1-year overall survival (OS) (p = .009). The cumulative incidence of 100-day grades II-IV acute GVHD was 12.4%. The incidence did not show significant differences between patients with CRS or not. The devolvement of CRS is associated with worse OS, inferior disease-free survival, and higher nonrelapse mortality significantly. But the result appeared to be limited to patients in uncomplete remission status before transplantation. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: CRS is less frequent and milder with a protocol based on ATG. CRS can potentially affect the outcomes after haplo-HCT especially for patients in an uncomplete remission. Prospective clinical trials are needed to provide an appropriate scheme for CRS prophylaxis.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Soro Antilinfocitário/efeitos adversos , Criança , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Haploidêntico/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
15.
Oncogene ; 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663879

RESUMO

Human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) harboring one KRAS mutant allele often displays increasing genomic loss of the remaining wild-type (WT) allele (known as LOH at KRAS) as tumors progress to metastasis, yet the molecular ramification of this WT allelic loss is unknown. In this study, we showed that the restoration of WT KRAS expression in human PDAC cell lines with LOH at KRAS significantly attenuated the malignancy of PDAC cells both in vitro and in vivo, demonstrating a tumor-suppressive role of the WT KRAS allele. Through RNA-Seq, we identified the HIPPO signaling pathway to be positively regulated by WT KRAS in PDAC cells. In accordance with this observation, PDAC cells with LOH at KRAS exhibited increased nuclear localization and activation of transcriptional co-activator YAP1. Mechanistically, we discovered that WT KRAS expression sequestered YAP1 from the nucleus, through enhanced 14-3-3zeta interaction with phosphorylated YAP1 at S127. Consistently, expression of a constitutively-active YAP1 mutant in PDAC cells bypassed the growth inhibitory effects of WT KRAS. In patient samples, we found that the YAP1-activation genes were significantly upregulated in tumors with LOH at KRAS, and YAP1 nuclear localization predicted poor survival for PDAC patients. Collectively, our results reveal that the WT allelic loss leads to functional activation of YAP1 and enhanced tumor malignancy, which explains the selection advantage of the tumor cells with LOH at KRAS during pancreatic cancer clonal evolution and progression to metastasis, and should be taken into consideration in future therapeutic strategies targeting KRAS.

16.
Cancer Res ; 81(23): 5876-5888, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670781

RESUMO

The dynamic changes of RNA N6-methyl-adenosine (m6A) during cancer progression contribute to quick adaption to microenvironmental changes. Here, we profiled the cancer cell m6A dynamics in the hypoxic tumor niche and its pathological consequences in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The m6A demethylase ALKBH5 was induced in GBM models under hypoxic conditions and was associated with a hypoxic gene signature in GBM patient samples. Depletion or inactivation of ALKBH5 in GBM cells significantly suppressed hypoxia-induced tumor-associated macrophage (TAM) recruitment and immunosuppression in allograft tumors. Expression and secretion of CXCL8/IL8 were significantly suppressed in ALKBH5-deficient tumors. However, ALKBH5 did not regulate CXCL8 m6A directly. Instead, hypoxia-induced ALKBH5 erased m6A deposition from the lncRNA NEAT1, stabilizing the transcript and facilitating NEAT1-mediated paraspeckle assembly, which led to relocation of the transcriptional repressor SFPQ from the CXCL8 promoter to paraspeckles and, ultimately, upregulation of CXCL8/IL8 expression. Accordingly, ectopic expression of CXCL8 in ALKBH5-deficient GBM cells partially restored TAM recruitment and tumor progression. Together, this study links hypoxia-induced epitranscriptomic changes to the emergence of an immunosuppressive microenvironment facilitating tumor evasion. SIGNIFICANCE: Hypoxia induces tumor immune microenvironment remodeling through an ALKBH5-mediated epigenetic and epitranscriptomic mechanism, providing potential immunotherapeutic strategies for treating glioblastoma.

17.
Adv Mater ; : e2106117, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706110

RESUMO

Due to the lack of any magnetic order down to 1.7 K in the parent bulk compound NdNiO2 , the recently discovered 9-15 K superconductivity in the infinite-layer Nd0.8 Sr0.2 NiO2 thin films has provided an exciting playground for unearthing new superconductivity mechanisms. Herein, the successful synthesis of a series of superconducting Nd0.8 Sr0.2 NiO2 thin films ranging from 8 to 40 nm is reported. The large exchange bias effect is observed between the superconducting Nd0.8 Sr0.2 NiO2 films and a thin ferromagnetic layer, which suggests the existence of the antiferromagnetic order. Furthermore, the existence of the antiferromagnetic order is evidenced by X-ray magnetic linear dichroism measurements. These experimental results are fundamentally critical for the current field.

18.
Ecol Evol ; 11(20): 14079-14087, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707841

RESUMO

Nest-site characteristics are thought to play an important role in reproductive performance in birds (e.g., influencing reproductive success and predation risk). Nest-site characteristics such as concealment may be particularly critical at high elevation where nests are exposed to challenging environmental conditions. In this study, we conducted both conventional and phylogenetically controlled analyses to investigate whether nest concealment affected several reproductive traits across 21 sympatric bird species living on Tibet Plateau (3,400 m altitude). Qualitatively equivalent results were reached in analyses, regardless of phylogenetic controls. We found that clutch size, incubation period, nestling period, and nest success were strongly and positively associated with nest concealment across species. Our study addressed such a high-elevation bird community that is lacking in the previous studies. This study adds to theory that while there are a few exceptions, overall evidence supports a positive effect of nest concealment on reproductive performance across coexisting alpine species.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(11): 5294-5302, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708968

RESUMO

The river water-groundwater interaction zone is an important area for the enrichment, degradation, and transformation of pollutants and other biogeochemical processes. The distribution characteristics of antibiotics, as organic pollutants of wide concern, in the interaction zone is essential for understanding the migration and transformation process of pollutants in the environment. Due to the sensitive changes in the redox conditions and special composition of sediments in the interaction zone, this study established an effective pretreatment method for extracting 22 antibiotics and four sulfonamide metabolites in the interaction zone, and optimized the initial state of the samples, extraction temperature, pH value of the extraction solution and organic extraction solvent. The content of antibiotics in the sediments of the river water-groundwater interaction zone and lower reaches of the Hanjiang River was also analyzed. The results show that the best recovery of the target compounds is obtained by using pH 3 acetonitrile/Na2EDTA-Mcllvaine buffer(1:1, volume ratio) to digest and extract the unoxidized sediment samples at 40℃ three times using a microwave. A total of 11 antibiotics are detected in the sediments of the interaction zone in the lower reaches of the Hanjiang River, among which oxytetracycline and ofloxacin are the main compounds with the highest concentrations of 6.77 ng·g-1 and 5.81 ng·g-1, respectively. The vertical distribution of antibiotics in different sediment profiles is significantly different, which may be related to the lithology of sediments, physicochemical properties of antibiotics, and interaction between surface water and groundwater.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Antibacterianos/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Rios , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
J Invest Surg ; : 1-5, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This research was performed to investigate the correlation between acute kidney injury (AKI) and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients. METHODS: The study included 218 SAP patients from Chongqing Jiangjin Center Hospital during January 2016 to October 2020. The SII was defined as platelet × neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio. After univariate analysis, logistic regression analysis was used for analyzing independent risk factors of AKI in SAP patients. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used for analyzing the prognostic value of the SII. RESULTS: AKI occurred in 74 cases and its incidence rate was 33.9%. The median SII value of AKI patients was higher than that of patients without AKI. After multivariate analysis, SII, age, triglyceride (TG), neutrophil ratio (NEU-R), C-reactive protein (CRP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and serum albumin (ALB) were independent predictors of AKI. Serum ALB was an independent protective factor. The optimum threshold truncation value of SII was 2880.1*10^9/L. Compared with other inflammatory factors, SII had a better prediction efficiency. CONCLUSION: The SII, TG, NEU-R, CRP, and ALB were significant independent predictors of AKI in SAP patients. Serum TG, NEU-R, CRP, and SII were risk factors. Serum ALB was a protective factor. The SII may be a novel, simple, and strong marker for the accurate early prediction of AKI in SAP patients.

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