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1.
Food Chem ; 398: 133913, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964560

RESUMO

This experiment investigated the underlying mechanism of ultrasonic-assisted stewing to enhance the aroma intensity of chicken broth by measuring fat content, oil droplet sizes, zeta potential, viscosity, surface protein loading, lipid oxidation, and aroma compound concentrations. As the thermo-ultrasound time increased, the fat content increased from 0.3 % to 1.2 %, resulting in a milky white appearance. After 1 h of thermo-ultrasound, the broth had the smallest particle size and the highest surface protein load, viscosity, and emulsion stability, as well as the highest total amount of aroma-active compounds of 314.70 ng/mg. With the further extension of thermo-ultrasound time, lipid oxidation increased, but the stability of chicken broth decreased, lowering the content of aroma-active compounds. These outcomes suggested that thermo-ultrasound could enhance the aroma intensity of chicken broth by increasing the fat content and the emulsion stability of the broth.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Odorantes , Animais , Emulsões/química , Lipídeos , Proteínas de Membrana , Odorantes/análise , Ultrassom
2.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139196

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether dietary lactose supplementation relieves rotavirus (RV)-induced diarrhea and gut dysfunction. Thirty-six crossbred weaned piglets were randomly allocated into three groups and fed diets containing 0, 4%, and 6% lactose for 20 days. On Day 15, half of the piglets in each group were orally infused with RV. RV infection impaired growth performance; induced severe diarrhea; decreased serum D-xylose concentration and morphology and sIgA level of jejunal mucosa; downregulated MUC1, MUC2, occludin, Bcl-2, IL-4, pBD3, pBD2, and pBD1 mRNA expression of jejunal mucosa and/or mesenteric lymph nodes; upregulated Bax, caspase-3, IL-2, IFN-γ, and IFN-ß mRNA expression of jejunal mucosa and/or mesenteric lymph nodes; and damaged microbiota and metabolites of cecal digesta in weaned piglets (p < 0.05). Dietary lactose supplementation improved nutrient digestibility and growth performance and relieved the negative influence of RV challenge on intestinal barrier function, mRNA expression of cytokines, and host defense peptides of jejunal mucosa and/or mesenteric lymph nodes in weaned piglets (p < 0.05). Dietary administration of 6% lactose tended to relieve diarrhea (p = 0.07). These results suggest that lactose in feed increases growth performance and has a tendency to alleviate RV-induced diarrhea, derived from the improvement of nutrient utilization, gut barrier function, and immunity.

3.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139913

RESUMO

Transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV), a coronavirus that causes severe diarrhea due to oxidative stress in the piglet intestine, is a major cause of economic loss in the livestock industry. However, limited interventions have been shown to be effective in the treatment of TGEV. Here, we demonstrate the therapeutic activity of eugenol in TGEV-induced intestinal oxidative stress and apoptosis. Our data show that eugenol supplementation protects intestine and IPEC-J2 cells from TGEV-induced damage. Mechanistically, eugenol reduces TGEV-induced oxidative stress in intestinal epithelial cells by reducing reactive oxygen species levels. Interestingly, eugenol also inhibits TGEV-induced intestinal cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, our data suggest that eugenol prevents TGEV-induced intestinal oxidative stress by reducing ROS-mediated damage to antioxidant signaling pathways. Therefore, eugenol may be a promising therapeutic strategy for TGEV infection.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 439: 129690, 2022 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104924

RESUMO

The trophodynamics of toxic trace metals is significant for assessing the threat of toxic trace metals to the aquatic ecosystem and human safety. However, due to the difficulty of accurately calculating the trophic positions of freshwater aquatic organisms in the food web, the comprehensive process of trophodynamics of toxic trace metals in freshwater ecosystems was still rarely known. By integrating the compound-specific nitrogen stable isotopic analysis of amino acids (CSIA-AAs) and the Bayesian stable isotope mixing model (SIMM) as a novel approach, the present study investigated the trophodynamics of five toxic trace metals (Zn, As, Cr, Cu, and Hg) in the food web of the YangZong Lake, a plateau freshwater lake that was once heavily polluted by arsenic in Yunnan Province, China. The results revealed that Hg tended to be efficiently biomagnified in the food web with a trophic magnification factor of 1.75; As, Cr, and Cu were biodiluted significantly, while Zn showed no biomagnification or biodilution trends. The dietary health risk assessment indicated the potential health risk of toxic trace metals for the local residents of long-term fish consumption. The present work highlights the accuracy and reliability of the novel CSIA-AAS+SIMM approach in the calculation of the trophic positions of freshwater organisms.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Organismos Aquáticos/metabolismo , Teorema de Bayes , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Cadeia Alimentar , Humanos , Lagos/química , Mercúrio/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Oligoelementos/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30213, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107565

RESUMO

Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (INFH) seriously affects patients' activities and is a heavy burden to society and patients' families. Therefore, the early diagnosis and treatment of INFH is essential in reducing pain and burden. In the present study, the cancellous bone under the cartilage of the femoral head was isolated from patients with INFH and femoral neck fracture (FNF). Histological examination revealed that the bone trabecular and the medullary cavity in the INFH group compared with those in the FNF group. Whole-transcriptome sequencing (WTS), a recently applied technology, plays a significant role in the screening of risk factors associated with the onset of femoral head necrosis. Herein, WTS was used to obtain the mRNA expression profile in the cancellous bone of the femoral head isolated from 5 patients with INFH and 5 patients with FNF. Compared with the FNF group, a total of 155 differentially expressed genes were identified in the INFH group. Among these genes, 96 and 59 were upregulated and downregulated, respectively. Reverse transcription-quantitative PCR and western blot analyses revealed that leucine-rich repeat-containing 17 (LRRC17) displayed the most significantly decreased mRNA and protein expression levels between the INFH and FNF groups. The expression profile of the differentially expressed genes and LRRC17 protein in the INFH and FNF groups was consistent with that obtained by WTS. LRRC17, a leucine repeat sequence, plays a significant role in regulating bone metabolism, thus indicating that LRRC17 downregulation could affect bone metabolism and could be considered a key factor in the pathogenesis of INFH.


Assuntos
Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur , Cabeça do Fêmur , Osso Esponjoso/patologia , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/genética , Necrose da Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Humanos , Leucina , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
6.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084259

RESUMO

Poria cocos is an edible fungus used as a health product and traditional Chinese medicinal preparation. Nevertheless, little is known about its nutrients. In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry was conducted to quantify nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids in 32 batches of Poria cocos samples collected from Anhui, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, and Guizhou. Subsequently, the linearity, precision, repeatability, stability, and recovery of our methods were validated. Samples from different regions were clearly separated by partial least squares discriminant analysis and cluster analysis. Our results suggested that Poria cocos samples from different geographical environments differed in nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids. The plot of variable importance for projection disclosed differential compositions of L-Leucine, Uridine, L-Asparagine, L-Glutamine, L-phenylalanine, L-Ornithine monohydrochloride, L-Hydroxyproline, Taurine, and Inosine in Poria cocos from five regions. We found the highest content of total analytes, total amino acids, and total non-essential amino acids in Poria cocos from Anhui, total essential amino acids in the Sichuan samples, and total nucleosides in the Hunan samples. Overall, we determined the content of Poria cocos-derived nucleosides, nucleobases, and amino acids, providing the foothold for further chemical mining and use of Poria cocos.

7.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099272

RESUMO

Two concise strategies to synthesize oxazolidin-2-imines by cascade nucleophilic attack/addition cyclization reactions of (Z)-2-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ols/3-phenylprop-2-yn-1-ols and diphenyl carbodiimides without a transition-metal catalyst have been developed. The reactions exhibited good substrate applicability tolerance, and a variety of substituted (Z)-4-((Z)-benzylidene)-N,3-diphenyloxazolidin-2-imines were synthesized in moderate to excellent yields with good stereoselectivity. The reports also provided a convenient strategy to synthesize 3-phenylprop-2-yn-1-ols by (Z)-2-bromo-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-ols. The economic and practical methods provide a great advantage for potential industrial synthesis of oxazolidin-2-imines.

8.
Lancet Respir Med ; 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neutrophil serine proteases are involved in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 and increased serine protease activity has been reported in severe and fatal infection. We investigated whether brensocatib, an inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase-1 (DPP-1; an enzyme responsible for the activation of neutrophil serine proteases), would improve outcomes in patients hospitalised with COVID-19. METHODS: In a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trial, across 14 hospitals in the UK, patients aged 16 years and older who were hospitalised with COVID-19 and had at least one risk factor for severe disease were randomly assigned 1:1, within 96 h of hospital admission, to once-daily brensocatib 25 mg or placebo orally for 28 days. Patients were randomly assigned via a central web-based randomisation system (TruST). Randomisation was stratified by site and age (65 years or ≥65 years), and within each stratum, blocks were of random sizes of two, four, or six patients. Participants in both groups continued to receive other therapies required to manage their condition. Participants, study staff, and investigators were masked to the study assignment. The primary outcome was the 7-point WHO ordinal scale for clinical status at day 29 after random assignment. The intention-to-treat population included all patients who were randomly assigned and met the enrolment criteria. The safety population included all participants who received at least one dose of study medication. This study was registered with the ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN30564012. FINDINGS: Between June 5, 2020, and Jan 25, 2021, 406 patients were randomly assigned to brensocatib or placebo; 192 (47·3%) to the brensocatib group and 214 (52·7%) to the placebo group. Two participants were excluded after being randomly assigned in the brensocatib group (214 patients included in the placebo group and 190 included in the brensocatib group in the intention-to-treat population). Primary outcome data was unavailable for six patients (three in the brensocatib group and three in the placebo group). Patients in the brensocatib group had worse clinical status at day 29 after being randomly assigned than those in the placebo group (adjusted odds ratio 0·72 [95% CI 0·57-0·92]). Prespecified subgroup analyses of the primary outcome supported the primary results. 185 participants reported at least one adverse event; 99 (46%) in the placebo group and 86 (45%) in the brensocatib group. The most common adverse events were gastrointestinal disorders and infections. One death in the placebo group was judged as possibly related to study drug. INTERPRETATION: Brensocatib treatment did not improve clinical status at day 29 in patients hospitalised with COVID-19. FUNDING: Sponsored by the University of Dundee and supported through an Investigator Initiated Research award from Insmed, Bridgewater, NJ; STOP-COVID19 trial.

9.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both caesarean section (CS) and lifestyle were linked with child adiposity. This study aimed to investigate whether CS delivery is linked with elevated risk of child adiposity regardless of a healthy lifestyle. METHODS: All the subjects in this study came from a baseline survey of a national school-based program on healthy lifestyle interventions against adiposity among Chinese children and adolescents. A questionnaire was used to collect the information on delivery mode and lifestyle. According to the weighted lifestyle score, subjects were categorized into healthy, intermediate, and unhealthy lifestyle. RESULTS: A total of 44,961 children aged 6-18 years were enrolled in the current study. Overall, 41.9% (18,855/44,961) of children were delivered by CS. Compared with children delivered by vaginal delivery, children delivered by CS had a higher adiposity risk (OR = 1.56; 95%CI: 1.46-1.66; p < 0.001) after adjustment for age, sex, region, mother adiposity, ethnicity, and weighted lifestyle factors. Compared with children with a healthy lifestyle, children with an unhealthy lifestyle had a higher risk of child adiposity (OR = 1.31; 95%CI: 1.19-1.44). Children delivered by CS who had an unhealthy lifestyle had a 106% higher (OR = 2.06; 95%CI: 1.79-2.37) risk of child adiposity compared with children delivered by vaginal delivery who had a healthy lifestyle. However, keeping a healthy lifestyle in later life seems not to offset the increased risk of child adiposity caused by CS (OR = 1.59; 95%CI: 1.39-1.82). CONCLUSIONS: Both CS and unhealthy lifestyle were linked with child adiposity risk. Keeping a healthy lifestyle did not counteract the elevated risk of child adiposity caused by CS.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adiposidade , Adolescente , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Criança , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Gravidez
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142202

RESUMO

To explore the protective effect of dietary ß-glucan (BGL) supplementation on intestinal epithelium exposure to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), thirty-two weaned pigs were assigned to four groups. Pigs were fed with a basal diet or basal diet containing 500 mg/kg BGL, and were orally infused with ETEC or culture medium. Results showed BGL supplementation had no influence on growth performance in weaned pigs. However, BGL supplementation increased the absorption of D-xylose, and significantly decreased the serum concentrations of D-lactate and diamine oxidase (DAO) in the ETEC-challenged pigs (p < 0.05). Interestingly, BGL significantly increased the abundance of the zonula occludens-1-(ZO-1) in the jejunal epithelium upon ETEC challenge (p < 0.05). BGL supplementation also increased the number of S-phase cells and the number of sIgA-positive cells, but significantly decreased the number of total apoptotic cells in the jejunal epithelium upon ETEC challenge (p < 0.05). Moreover, BGL significantly increased the duodenal catalase (CAT) activity and the ileal total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity in the ETEC-challenged pigs (p < 0.05). Importantly, BGL significantly decreased the expression levels of critical inflammation related proteins such as the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interlukin-6 (IL-6), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in the jejunal and ileal mucosa upon ETEC challenge (p < 0.05). BGL also elevated the propanoic acid content and the abundance of Lactobacillus and Bacillus in the colon upon ETEC challenge (p < 0.05). These results suggested BGL could alleviate the ETEC-induced intestinal epithelium injury, which may be associated with suppressed inflammation and improved intestinal immunity and antioxidant capacity, as well as the improved intestinal macrobiotic.

11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142545

RESUMO

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection causes watery diarrhea and vomiting in piglets. The pathogenesis of PEDV infection is related to intestinal inflammation. It is known that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) has potent anti-inflammatory activity, but it is unknown whether 1,25(OH)2D3 can inhibit the PEDV-induced inflammatory response and the underlying mechanism. We used transcriptome analysis, gene and protein expression, RNA interference and overexpression, and other techniques to study the anti-inflammatory effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on PEDV infection in IPEC-J2 cells. The results showed that interleukin 19 (IL-19) and C-C motif chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) gene expression were enhanced with the increase in PEDV infection time in IPEC-J2 cells. Interestingly, 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation obviously inhibited IL-19 and CCL20 expression induced by PEDV. Meanwhile, we also found that 1,25(OH)2D3 reduced p-NF-κB, p-STAT1, and p-STAT3 protein levels induced by PEDV at 24 h post-infection. IκBα and SOCS3, NF-κB, and STAT inhibitor respectively, were increased by 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation upon PEDV infection. In addition, 1,25(OH)2D3 supplementation inhibited ISG15 and MxA expression induced by PEDV. Although 1,25(OH)2D3 suppressed the JAK/STAT signal pathway and antiviral gene expression, it had no significant effects on PEDV replication and IFN-α-induced antiviral effects. In addition, when the vitamin D receptor (VDR) was silenced by siRNA, the anti-inflammatory effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 was inhibited. Meanwhile, the overexpression of VDR significantly downregulated IL-19 and CCL20 expression induced by PEDV infection. Together, our results provide powerful evidence that 1,25(OH)2D3 could alleviate PEDV-induced inflammation by regulating the NF-κB and JAK/STAT signaling pathways through VDR. These results suggest that vitamin D could contribute to inhibiting intestinal inflammation and alleviating intestinal damage in PEDV-infected piglets, which offers new approaches for the development of nutritional strategies to prevent PEDV infection in piglets.

12.
Food Funct ; 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149397

RESUMO

Dihydromyricetin (DHM) has attracted wide concern for its excellent biological function and pharmacological activities and was reported to have a positive effect on skeletal muscle insulin resistance, slow-twitch fibers expression and AMPK signaling. Thus, we took porcine myotubes derived from skeletal muscle satellite cells as the object to investigate the effects of DHM on myosin heavy chain (MyHC) expression and its mechanism in this study. Data showed that DHM up-regulated protein expression of MyHC I and down-regulated the protein expression of MyHC IIb, accompanied by an increase of MyHC I mRNA level and a decrease of MyHC IIb mRNA level. Besides, DHM increased the activities of malate dehydrogenase and succinic dehydrogenase and reduced lactate dehydrogenase activity. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) was phosphorylated and AMPKα1 mRNA level was increased by DHM. The AMPK signaling-related factors including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), sirtuin1 (Sirt1), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), and phospho-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase-ß (p-CaMKKß) were increased by DHM. Inhibition of the AMPK signaling by compound C and AMPKα1 siRNA significantly attenuated the effects of DHM on expressions of MyHC I, MyHC IIb, PGC-1α and Sirt1. As a whole, DHM increased MyHC I expression and decreased MyHC IIb expression by the AMPK signaling.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(37): 42030-42037, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095042

RESUMO

In developing advanced lithium (Li) metal batteries with high-energy density, excellent cycle stability, and high-rate capability, it is imperative to resolve dendrite growth and volume expansion during repeated Li plating/stripping. 3D hosts featuring lithiophilic sites are expected to realize both spatial control and dendrite inhibition over Li nucleation. Herein, this work prepares silver (Ag) nanoparticle-decorated 3D copper (Cu) foam via a facile replacement reaction. The 3D host provides rigid skeleton to accommodate volume expansion during cycling. Ag nanoparticles show micro-structural affinity to guide efficient nucleation of Li, leading to reduced overpotential and enhanced electrochemical kinetics. As the result, under an ultrahigh current density of 10 mA cm-2, Cu@Ag foam/Li half cells demonstrate outstanding Coulombic efficiency (CE) of 97.2% more than 100 cycles. Also, Cu@Ag foam-Li symmetric cells sustain preeminent cycling over 900 h with a small voltage hysteresis of 32.8 mV at 3 mA cm-2. Moreover, the Cu@Ag foam-Li||LiFePO4 full cell demonstrates a high discharge capacity of 2.33 mAh cm-2 over 200 cycles with an excellent CE up to 99.9% at 0.6C under practical conditions (N/P = 1.3, 17.4 mg cm-2 LiFePO4). Notably, the full cell with LiFePO4 exhibits a higher areal capacity of 1 mAh cm-2 over 700 cycles under a high rate of 5C, corresponding to capacity retention up to 100% (N/P = 3, 17.4 mg cm-2 LiFePO4). This study provides a novel and simple strategy for constructing high-rate and long-life Li metal batteries.

14.
J Nutr Biochem ; 110: 109145, 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049671

RESUMO

Adequate ovarian hormones secretion is essential for pregnancy success. Oxidative damage and following inflammation can destroy the ovarian normal function in mammals. Daidzein (DAI) is a classical isoflavonic phytoestrogen with specific oestrogenic activity. This study aimed to explore the effects of daidzein supplementation on fertility and ovarian characteristics of sows through biochemical analysis and RNA-seq technology. Twelve multiparous Yorkshire × Landrace sows were randomly divided into CON and DAI groups. We found that DAI increased total number of embryos as well as P4 and E2 levels of serum. DAI not only elevated the activities of T-AOC and GSH-Px, but also tended to decrease the content of MDA and IL-6 in the serum. In ovary, RNA-Seq identified 237 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and GO analysis showed that these DEGs were linked to functions associated with immune dysfunction. Moreover, STRING analysis demonstrated that most interacting nodes were TLR-4, LCP2, and CD86. Furthermore, DAI decreased the content of MDA, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α, and increased the activities of T-AOC and CAT in ovarian tissue. Interestingly, a partial mantel correlation showed that T-AOC was the strongest correlation between the ovarian dataset and selected DEGs. Additionally, DAI supplementation not only increased the protein expressions of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1, but also decreased the protein expressions of TLR-4, p-NFκB, p-AKT, and p-IκBα. Altogether, our results indicated that DAI could ameliorate ovarian oxidative stress and inflammation in sows, which might be mediated by suppressing the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway and activating the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

15.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(10): 523, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121491

RESUMO

Intestinal stem cells (ISCs) decode and coordinate various types of nutritional information from the diet to support the crypt-villus axis architecture, but how specific dietary molecules affect intestinal epithelial homeostasis remains unclear. In the current study, L-glutamate (Glu) supplementation in either a nitrogen-free diet (NFD) or a corn-soybean meal diet (CSMD) stimulated gut growth and ISC expansion in weaned piglets. Quantitative proteomics screening identified the canonical Wnt signalling pathway as a central regulator of intestinal epithelial development and ISC activity in vivo. Importantly, the Wnt transmembrane receptor Frizzled7 (FZD7) was upregulated in response to dietary Glu patterns, and its perturbations in intestinal organoids (IOs) treated with a specific inhibitor and in FZD7-KO IPEC-J2 cells disrupted the link between Glu inputs and ß-catenin signalling and a subsequent reduction in cell viability. Furthermore, co-localization, coimmunoprecipitation (Co-IP), isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and microscale thermophoresis (MST) revealed that Glu served as a signalling molecule directly bound to FZD7. We propose that FZD7-mediated integration of the extracellular Glu signal controls ISC proliferation and differentiation, which provides new insights into the crosstalk of nutrients and ISCs.


Assuntos
Ácido Glutâmico , beta Catenina , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Células-Tronco , Suínos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , beta Catenina/metabolismo
16.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 298: 115683, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057409

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a wide range of applications, including human healthcare-associated treatments and bioactive compound discovery. However, complex chemical systems present a significant challenge for chemical-material-based research and quality control. For instance, Banlangen (BLG) granules is a well-acknowledged TCM preparation widely used in clinical treatment of virus infection. However, its chemical basis of anti-influenza efficacy remains unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, a systematic discovery strategy for identifying anti-influenza molecules based on biological activities and chemical analysis was established to contribute to the molecular elucidation of the anti-influenza material basis of Banlangen granules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemagglutinase inhibition (HAI) and neuraminidase inhibition (NAI) assays were used to compare the anti-influenza activities of different fractions of BLG granules against H1N1, H5N1 and H7N9 viruses. A comparative qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents in BLG granules and their fractions was performed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS), in which a multiple mass spectrometry database platform and three compound identification strategies were used. The association between anti-influenza activities and chemical constituent characteristics was analyzed using multiple stoichiometries and data comparison strategies. RESULTS: The results showed that the chromatography fractions F3 and F4 of the BLG granules had the highest anti-influenza activity. A total of 88 compounds were identified in the BLG granules, including 31 alkaloids, 16 organic acids, 10 nucleosides, 8 phenylpropanoids, 6 sulfur-containing compounds, 5 amino acids, 4 aromatic compounds, 3 aldehydes and ketones, 2 flavonoids, 1 alcohol, 1 carbohydrate, and 1 aliphatic compound. Out of these, 31 characteristic compounds were identified in fractions F3-F4 as candidate compounds with anti-influenza activity. Additionally, 6-methoxyquinoline and 4-guanidinobutanal were identified in BLG granules and its raw material (Isatidis Radix) for the first time. CONCLUSION: In this study, we proposed a systematic discovery strategy to thoroughly investigate the anti-influenza activity, chemical identification, and constituents-activity relationship of BLG granules. These data not only provided a deeper understanding of the molecular mechanism of the activity of BLG granules, but also presented a basis for the discovery of potential novel drug candidates and quality evaluation and control of BLG granules.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Virus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1 , Subtipo H7N9 do Vírus da Influenza A , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(9): 971-6, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075591

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of the combined treatment with acupuncture and governor vessel moxibustion on ankylosing spondylitis (AS) at early-middle stage and investigate the effect on bone marrow edema of sacroiliac joint. METHODS: Seventy patients of AS at early-middle stage were randomized into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (35 cases, 1 case dropped off ). In the control group, the recombinant human tumor necrosis factor receptor-antibody of type Ⅱ fusion protein for injection was injected subcutaneously, 25 mg each time, once on every Monday and Friday, consecutively for 3 weeks. In the observation group, on the base of the intervention as the control group, acupuncture combined with governor vessel moxibustion were provided. Acupuncture was applied to Dazhui (GV 14), Changqiang (GV 1), Zhibian (BL 54), Baihui (GV 20), etc.; the thermal needling technique was adopted at Dazhui (GV 4) and Changqiang (GV 1) for promoting the circulation of the governor vessel, and the ginger-isolated moxibustion on the governor vessel was combined. Such intervention measure was provided once daily. One treatment session contained 7 treatments and 3 sessions were required. Before and after treatment, the scores of Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC), Bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index (BASDAI) and Bath ankylosing spondylitis functional index (BASFI) and Bath ankylosing spondylitis patient global score (BAS-G) were observed in the two groups separately. The efficacy and adverse effects were assessed in the two groups after treatment. RESULTS: The scores of SPARCC, BASDAI, BASFI and BAS-G were all reduced after treatment compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 97.1% (34/35) in the observation group, higher than 82.4% (28/34) in the control group (P<0.05). There were 4 cases of gastrointestinal reactions and 1 case of skin rashes in the control group; and 3 cases of local skin redness and pruritus after governor vessel moxibustion, no any drug adverse effect was found in the observation group. CONCLUSION: Based on the western medicine treatment, the combined therapy of acupuncture and governor vessel moxibustion may relieve bone marrow edema of sacroiliac joint in patients with AS at early-middle stage, control the progression of disease and improve the daily life activity. This therapy is relatively safe and effective.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Espondilite Anquilosante , Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Medula Óssea , Edema/etiologia , Edema/terapia , Humanos , Moxibustão/métodos , Articulação Sacroilíaca , Espondilite Anquilosante/terapia
18.
Phys Rev Lett ; 129(9): 093604, 2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083656

RESUMO

Quantum interference between identical single particles reveals the intrinsic quantum statistic nature of particles, which could not be interpreted through classical physics. Here, we demonstrate quantum interference between nonidentical bosons using a generalized beam splitter based on a quantum memory. The Hong-Ou-Mandel type interference between single photons and single magnons with high visibility is demonstrated, and the crossover from the bosonic to fermionic quantum statistics is observed by tuning the beam splitter to be non-Hermitian. Moreover, multiparticle interference that simulates the behavior of three fermions by three input photons is realized. Our work extends the understanding of the quantum interference effects and demonstrates a versatile experimental platform for studying and engineering quantum statistics of particles.

19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(17)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36077077

RESUMO

Plant C2-domain abscisic acid-related (CAR) protein family plays an important role in plant growth, abiotic stress responses, and defense regulation. In this study, we cloned the IbCAR1 by homologous cloning method from the transcriptomic data of Xuzishu8, which is a sweet potato cultivar with dark-purple flesh. This gene was expressed in all tissues of sweet potato, with the highest expression level in leaf tissue, and it could be induced by NaCl and ABA. Subcellular localization analyses indicated that IbCAR1 was localized in the nucleus and plasma membrane. The PI staining experiment revealed the distinctive root cell membrane integrity of overexpressed transgenic lines upon salt stress. Salt stress significantly increased the contents of proline, ABA, and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), whereas the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) was decreased in overexpressed lines. On the contrary, RNA interference plants showed sensitivity to salt stress. Overexpression of IbCAR1 in sweet potatoes could improve the salt tolerance of plants, while the RNAi of IbCAR1 significantly increased sensitivity to salt stress in sweet potatoes. Meanwhile, the genes involved in ABA biosynthesis, stress response, and reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging system were upregulated in overexpressed lines under salt stress. Taken together, these results demonstrated that IbCAR1 plays a positive role in salt tolerance by relying on the ABA signal transduction pathway, activating the ROS-scavenging system in sweet potatoes.


Assuntos
Ipomoea batatas , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Ipomoea batatas/genética , Ipomoea batatas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
20.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 17(1): 330, 2022 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: cblC deficiency is the most common type of methylmalonic aciduria in China. Late-onset patients present with various non-specific symptoms and are usually misdiagnosed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical features of patients with late-onset cblC deficiency and explore diagnosis and management strategies around puberty. RESULTS: This study included 56 patients (35 males and 21 females) with late-onset cblC deficiency who were admitted to our clinic between 2002 and September 2021. The diagnosis was confirmed by metabolic and genetic tests. The clinical and biochemical features, disease triggers, outcome, and associated genetic variants were examined. The onset age ranged from 10 to 20 years (median age, 12 years). Fifteen patients (26.8%) presented with symptoms after infection or sports training. Further, 46 patients (82.1%) had neuropsychiatric diseases; 11 patients (19.6%), cardiovascular diseases; and 6 patients (10.7%), pulmonary hypertension. Renal damage was observed in 6 cases (10.7%). Genetic analysis revealed 21 variants of the MMACHC gene in the 56 patients. The top five common variants detected in 112 alleles were c.482G > A (36.6%), c.609G > A (16.1%), c.658_660delAAG (9.8%), c.80A > G (8.0%), and c.567dupT (6.3%). Thirty-nine patients carried the c.482G > A variant. Among 13 patients who exhibited spastic paraplegia as the main manifestation, 11 patients carried c.482G > A variants. Six patients who presented with psychotic disorders and spastic paraplegia had compound heterozygotic c.482G > A and other variants. All the patients showed improvement after metabolic treatment with cobalamin, L-carnitine, and betaine, and 30 school-aged patients returned to school. Two female patients got married and had healthy babies. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with late-onset cblC deficiency present with a wide variety of neuropsychiatric symptoms and other presentations, including multiple organ damage. As a result, cb1C deficiency can easily be misdiagnosed as other conditions. Metabolic and genetic studies are important for accurate diagnosis, and metabolic treatment with cobalamin, L-carnitine, and betaine appears to be beneficial.


Assuntos
Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos , Homocistinúria , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12 , Adolescente , Adulto , Erros Inatos do Metabolismo dos Aminoácidos/genética , Betaína , Carnitina , Criança , Feminino , Homocistinúria/diagnóstico , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Oxirredutases/genética , Paraplegia , Puberdade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vitamina B 12 , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/genética , Adulto Jovem
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