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1.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 194: 110405, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163773

RESUMO

The association between environmental pollution and risk of influenza-like illness (ILI) among general population has been reported. However, the relationships between the individual pollutants and ILI risk are still under discussion. Our study aimed to explore the associations of the typical environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and metal(loid)s with ILI risk among women population. We carried out a cross-sectional study and included a total of 396 housewives in Shanxi Province, China. The information on their general characteristics and ILI frequency was collected by questionnaire. We collected their hair samples and analyzed the concentrations of PAHs and various metal(loid)s. The results indicated that only acenaphthylene concentration of the nine detected PAH congeners in the hair was significantly associated with ILI risk with adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of 0.58 (0.38 - 0.91). Among the concerned 4 toxic metal(loid)s and 15 rare earth elements, only the hair concentration of arsenic had a positive dose-response relationship with ILI risk. In addition, we found that there were negative dose-response associations of the three essential trace elements (i.e. chromium, cobalt, and nickel), and four essential alkaline earth elements (i.e. magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium) with ILI risk. It was concluded that the environmental exposure to certain compounds of housewives may contribute to their ILI development.

2.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126488, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199167

RESUMO

Rare earth elements (REEs) are widely used in electronic products. But the contaminations of REEs in the e-waste sites and the related health effects were barely investigated. In the present study, we analyzed the concentrations of REEs and the hormones of the HPT axis in plasma of subjects recruited from an e-waste area and a reference area in Taizhou, China. The results showed that the concentrations of several REEs like La, Ce were much higher in the exposed group than in the control group (all p < 0.001). The thyroid hormones, FT3 and FT4, and TRH showed no significant difference between the two groups, while the concentration of TSH was significantly higher in the exposed group when compared to the control group (p = 0.002). Separate regression analysis indicated that elevated La and Ce levels were associated with higher TSH concentrations. MDA and 8-iso, the biomarkers of oxidative stress, were also significantly higher in the exposed group than that of the control group (p = 0.002 and p = 0.003, respectively). The increased oxidative stress might be the mechanism underlying the disruptive effects of REEs on TSH. Our results indicated that the quantities of internal exposure of REEs in the subjects in the e-waste area were considerable and the compositional profile of the REEs in the exposed group was different from the control group due to the e-waste dismantling. The expression of TSH were also affected by high La and Ce exposure which showed an endocrine disruption effects of REEs on HPT axis.

3.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 60: 126478, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146340

RESUMO

Alkali metals (AMs) and alkali earth metals (AEMs) affect levels and signaling of neurotransmitters, which potentially play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). The current case-control study aims to explore how AMs [i.e. Potassium (K), sodium (Na), rubidium (Rb), cesium (Cs)] and AEMs [i.e. magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba)] in serum could associate with SCZ. One hundred and five inpatients with SCZ and 106 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited from Weifang, China. Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) was used to evaluate serum concentrations of Na, K, Ca, Mg and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) was for Rb, Cs, Sr, Ba. Subjects with SCZ had significantly higher Mg and Sr serum concentrations than HCs (20.86 vs. 19.73 µg/mL of Mg, p < 0.001; 53.14 vs. 42.26 ng/mL of Sr, p < 0.001). After adjusting for confounders, the odds ratio of Mg and Sr remain significantly higher in the SCZ group (Mg: OR = 2.538, 95 % CI: 1.254-5.136, p=0.010; Sr: OR = 3.798, 95 % CI: 1.769-8.153, p = 0.001). No significant differences between SCZ subjects and HCs were observed for other AMs and AEMs. Higher serum concentrations of Mg and Sr were associated with SCZ. Studies are suggested to find the related mechanisms and provide clues for pathogenesis of SCZ, which would impact prevention and treatments of SCZ.

4.
Environ Int ; 137: 105584, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106049

RESUMO

Hair metal(loid)s are often measured as biomarkers to evaluate population internal exposure, however, hair samples could be easily contaminated by ambient particulate matter (PM) pollution. Here, we evaluated the potential external interference from ambient PM pollution on using hair metal(loid)s for population biomarker-based exposure assessment. The raw hair samples were strictly washed and placed under various indoor and outdoor scenarios for ~6 months at sites with high PM pollution. The contaminated hair was then washed using the same method. A total of 33 hair elements were quantified by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The surface residual PM on hair after washing was observed by scanning electron microscopy. In addition, we chose a practical exposure scenario including 77 housewives in Shanxi Province, China for validation. The results for the hair exposure experiment revealed that external contamination of some elements that had relatively high concentrations in hair was generally mild in both indoor and outdoor exposure scenarios (i.e., Zn, Mg, Se, Fe, Sr, Ti, Mn, Sn, Ge, U, Co, Mo, and As). A relatively higher external contamination of other elements (e.g., Al, Cr, Pb, Cd, Li, and most rare earth elements (REEs)) was observed, especially for those elements with relatively low hair concentrations (e.g., Cd, and REEs) in the outdoor environment. This finding was due mainly to some small ambient PM not being fully removed by the current washing strategy when the hair sample was heavily contaminated. However, results from practical exposure scenario of the housewives showed that there were overall no significant differences of hair metal(loid)s between the housewives using coal and clean energy for cooking. We concluded that the external interference on hair internal metal(loid) analysis could be negligible when hair was efficiently washed, especially for population with relatively longer indoor activities. It is therefore promising to use hair analysis for their population exposure assessment.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 718: 137300, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097838

RESUMO

Hair analysis has been an important approach in evaluating population exposure to various environmental factors. To meet the requirements of human environmental epidemiology studies, we aimed to develop an efficient method for simultaneous analysis of various metal(loid)s and some typical environmental halogenated endocrine disrupting chemicals (hEDCs) (i.e., polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, and organochlorine pesticides, as well as some of their hydroxyl substituted metabolites) in a single hair sample. The hair was washed successively with surfactant solutions, methanol solvent, and deionized water to remove impurities attached to the hair surface. Efficiency was comprehensively compared among various washing strategies. The hair sample was further pulverized into fine powder with a median diameter (25th-75th percentile) of 8.6 (5.9-13.5) µm. The hair organic components were extracted by acetonitrile solvent and compared with the microwave-assisted extraction method. The hEDCs in the supernatant acetonitrile phase were quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and the metal(loid)s in the precipitate hair were further analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Our developed method was further applied to analyze the hair samples of 165 pregnant women. The results showed that particles attached to the surface of the hair could not be washed off completely. However, we proposed a protocol framework to wash hair with relatively high efficience, which includes warm water incubation, and use of surfactant and organic solvent. The recoveries of the concerned hEDCs and metal(loid)s were overall in the range of 80% to 120%. For the women population, the method can efficiently recognize the typical exposure characteristics of the concerned hEDCs and metal(loid)s. Our study significantly ameliorated the deficiencies of the traditional hair washing strategy and developed an efficient method for simultaneous analysis of various metal(loid)s and hEDCs in a single hair sample. This method will provide important support for population complex exposure analysis and facilitate environmental exposome studies.

6.
Chemosphere ; 243: 125428, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995880

RESUMO

Toxic elements exposure disturbs the homeostasis of essential elements in organisms, but the mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that Drosophila melanogaster exposed to Lead (Pb, a pervasive environmental threat to human health) exhibited various health defects, including retarded development, decreased survival rate, impaired mobility and reduced egg production. These phenotypes could be significantly modulated by either intervention of dietary iron levels or altering expression of genes involved in iron metabolism. Further study revealed that Pb exposure leads to systemic iron deficiency. Strikingly, reactive oxygen species (ROS) clearance significantly increased iron uptake by restoring the expression of iron metabolism genes in the midgut and subsequently attenuated Pb toxicity. This study highlights the role of ROS in Pb induced iron dyshomeostasis and provides unique insights into understanding the mechanism of Pb toxicity and suggests ideal ways to attenuate Pb toxicity by iron supplementation therapy or ROS clearance.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva/etiologia , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Chumbo/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Anemia Ferropriva/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Dieta , Drosophila melanogaster/efeitos dos fármacos , Homeostase , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Chumbo/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
7.
Psychiatry Res ; 284: 112757, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955055

RESUMO

Increasing evidence indicates that oxidative damage and inflammation is present in patients with schizophrenia. In this study, we investigated the association between the serum concentrations of four typical oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers (monocyte chemotactic protein-1, heme oxygenase-1, interleukin-8, and 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanine) and schizophrenia using a case-control study design. In total, 44 patients with schizophrenia and 45 normal controls from Shandong Province, China were recruited. Fasting blood samples were collected from all participants and the serum concentration of the four biomarkers were analyzed by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The concentrations of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-8 were significantly higher in the patients than in the controls, while there was no significant difference in the serum concentrations of heme oxygenase-1 and 8-Hydroxydeoxyguanine. Moreover, the serum concentrations of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-8 in patients were positively correlated with severity of clinical symptoms. Dose-response relationships between serum biomarker concentrations and schizophrenia were observed. This study suggests that levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and interleukin-8 are increased in patients with schizophrenia and correlated with positive symptom severity.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671526

RESUMO

Toxic heavy metals (THMs) are contaminants commonly found in the environment. Although a large number of studies have demonstrated their damage to the biological functions of the human being, their potential associations with the risk of developing schizophrenia remain controversial. In this study, we investigated the associations between four THMs (chromium (Cr), cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As)) in serum and the risk of schizophrenia. In total, 95 patients with schizophrenia (cases) and 95 normal subjects (controls) were recruited from Hebei Province, China. The serum concentrations of the 4 THMs were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). A higher concentration of Pb was found significantly associated with an elevated risk of schizophrenia (OR = 3.146; 95%CI: 1.238-7.994, p = 0.016), while significant association for the other three THMs were not observed. Besides, significant correlations were found between the metabolic biomarkers and the concentrations of Pb and As, respectively. In order to further characterize the association between these THMs and schizophrenia with greater statistical power, we conducted meta-analysis by including 538 cases and 1040 controls from the current study and 5 available datasets published from 2002 to 2018. Using a random-effect model, Cr was significantly associated with schizophrenia (SMD = 0.3246; 95%CI: 0.0166-0.6326, p < 0.01). Overall, this study suggested that higher levels of Pb and Cr may be one of the factors associated with an elevated risk of schizophrenia.

9.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-9, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575313

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the influences of aryl hydrocarbon (AHR), cytochrome P450 (CYP1A1), epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1), and glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) genetic polymorphisms on small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Methods: This nested case-control study (126 cases and 381 controls) was based on a prospective cohort study in Shanxi Province, China. We collected the general information of subjects using questionnaire and identified their single nucleotide polymorphisms by the MassARRAY genotyping platform. Results: The polymorphisms of CYP1A1 (rs4646421 and rs4646903) and EPHX1 (rs1051740) were significantly associated with SGA. Neonates of women with EPHX1 (rs1051740) and GSTP1 (rs1695) variant alleles were at a significantly increased risk of SGA compared with the reference group (OR = 5.26; 95% CI, 1.08-25.66), as were neonates of women with CYP1A1 (rs4646903) and EPHX1 (rs1051740) variant alleles (OR = 7.11; 95% CI, 1.55-32.62). The results of strata analysis by AHR (rs2282883 and rs17137566) showed that the associations between the polymorphisms of CYP1A1 (rs4646421 and rs4646903) EPHX1 (rs1051740), GSTP1 (rs1695) and SGA were of significance in women with variant heterozygous or homozygous genotype. Conclusions: CYP1A1 (rs4646421 and rs4646903), EPHX1 (rs1051740), and GSTP1 (rs1695) genetic variances might increase the risk of SGA. AHR (rs2282883 and rs17137566) resulted in estimated effects varying across strata on CYP1A1 (rs4646421 and rs4646903), EPHX1 (rs1051740), and GSTP1 (rs1695).

10.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 72: 103237, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401406

RESUMO

Pollution of heavy metals often occurs in combination with multiple metal ions. Whether the genetic damage among chromate exposed population correlated with rare earth elements (REEs) was still not well elucidated. A total of 291 participants from a chromate production plant were recruited in the present study. The DNA oxidative damage was evaluated by urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and the concentrations of chromium (Cr) and 15 REEs accumulated in the peripheral blood of participants were determined. The results showed that significant DNA oxidative damage was observed in chromate exposed workers. Blood REEs levels in the exposed group were significantly higher than the control group and blood REEs increased in a concentration dependent manner with Cr. Additionally, significant correlations were observed between blood Cr and 10 REEs concentrations. Blood Cr had a significant positive correlation with urinary 8-OHdG. Blood Cr and Yttrium had a positive interactive effect on urinary 8-OHdG. Collectively, the results suggested workers who had been working in the chromate plant were simultaneously exposed to chromate and a variety of REEs, which could have interactive effects on the DNA damage of workers.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; 682: 208-212, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121347

RESUMO

Few studies have examined the relationship between exposure to germanium (Ge) and the risk of influenza-like illness (ILI). Therefore, we investigated the association of Ge exposure and its interaction with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to Phase II metabolism on ILI risk among housewives in Shanxi Province, northern China. This cross-sectional study enrolled 373 housewives. Information on the housewives' characteristics and the frequency of ILI was collected by questionnaire. We analyzed the Ge concentrations in hair samples taken from near the scalp at the back of the head. Blood samples were used to identify SNPs related to Phase II metabolism. The results suggested that the hair Ge concentration was associated with ILI risk with an adjusted odds ratio and 95% confidence interval of 2.59 (1.61-4.19). A significant dose-response relationship was observed without or with adjusting for confounders. We did not observe any interaction effect between the hair Ge concentration and the SNPs on ILI risk. We found that high dietary consumption of meat and fried foods was positively correlated with the hair Ge concentration. Therefore, chronic Ge exposure may be a risk factor for an increased frequency of ILI in housewives.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental , Germânio/efeitos adversos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Influenza Humana/induzido quimicamente , Influenza Humana/genética , Desintoxicação Metabólica Fase II , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
12.
Nord J Psychiatry ; 73(2): 90-95, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30900499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic studies have provided convergent results indicating that schizophrenia is a polygenic disorder with a heritability estimate of ∼60-80%. The propensity for schizophrenia is ∼10 times higher in individuals with first-degree relatives with schizophrenia when compared to the general population. AIM: To identify associations between parental characteristics and the risk of schizophrenia in a Chinese population. METHODS: Participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia were recruited along with healthy controls (HCs) matched for age and gender from Weifang, China. Logistic regression models and generalized linear models were used to explore the associations between parental characteristics with the risk and age at onset of schizophrenia. In total, 414 cases and 639 HCs were recruited for the study. RESULTS: We observed an inverse association between levels of paternal and maternal education and risk of schizophrenia after controlling for potential confounders (Paternal: OR = 1.525, 95% CI: 1.080-2.153, p = .017; Maternal: OR = 1.984, 95% CI: 1.346-2.924, p = .001). Younger paternal and maternal childbearing age were associated with a higher risk of diagnosis of schizophrenia. We furtherly observed that individuals with earlier age at onset of schizophrenia had fewer siblings (p = .007) and had higher rates of parental marital disharmony (p = .033). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that parental years of education and age of childbearing are associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in a Chinese population. Age of onset of schizophrenia was positively associated with a greater number of siblings and negatively associated with parental marital disharmony.


Assuntos
Escolaridade , Idade Materna , Pais/psicologia , Idade Paterna , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Adulto , Idade de Início , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância da População/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Esquizofrenia/genética , Irmãos/psicologia
13.
Environ Int ; 126: 222-227, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30807959

RESUMO

Numerous animal studies have shown that high arsenic exposure can induce neural tube defect (NTD) formation. However, epidemiological evidence related to this finding is scarce. The key objective of our study is to evaluate whether maternal arsenic exposure is associated with NTD risk in Northern China. Our case-control study was conducted in 11 countries or cities in Shanxi and Hebei provinces during 2003-2007. A total of 774 mothers were included as participants: 511 controls and 263 cases (including 123 with anencephaly, 115 with spina bifida, 18 with encephalocele, and 7 with other NTD subtypes). The arsenic concentration was measured in a specific section of hair that grew from 3 months before to 3 months after conception. We found a higher hair arsenic concentration in the NTD cases with median (inter-quartile range) of 0.093 (0.025-0.387) µg/g hair than that in the controls with a value of 0.082 (0.030-0.414) µg/g hair. Maternal hair arsenic concentration above its median of the controls was associated with an increased risk of the total NTDs with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.32 [95% confidence interval (CI): (0.91-1.92)], which was not statistically significant (p = 0.14), although the crude OR without adjusting for the confounders of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.24-2.27; p < 0.001) suggested that hair arsenic is a risk factor of NTDs. There was no dose-response relationship between maternal hair arsenic concentration and the risk of total NTDs. Similar phenomena were found for anencephaly and spina bifida, respectively. Overall, our findings showed that maternal periconceptional arsenic exposure may not significantly contribute to the risk of NTD development in Northern China; other risk factors need to be further examined in future studies.


Assuntos
Arsênico/análise , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Cabelo/química , Exposição Materna , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
14.
Environ Int ; 122: 237-243, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30473380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of maternal copper (Cu) level on the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) remains debate. Therefore, we conducted a prospective nested case-control study in Shanxi Province to investigate the relationship between maternal serum Cu concentration and SPB risk, as well as the potential mediation effect of lipid metabolism. METHOD: From an overall cohort of 4229 women, 147 women affected by SPB at 20-36 gestational weeks (cases) and 381 women who delivered at ≥37 gestational weeks (controls) were included in our nested case-control study. Maternal blood samples were collected during 4-22 gestational weeks, and the concentrations of Cu, total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides (TG) were measured. Information on maternal social demographic characteristics were collected using questionnaires. Unconditional logistic regression models were used to estimate the associations of Cu, TC or TG levels with SPB risk. Linear regressions were used to assess the relationships between concentrations of Cu and TC or TG. RESULTS: Serum Cu concentrations in the case group (median: 184 µg/dL) were significantly higher than those in the control group (median: 166 µg/dL, p < 0.0001). Compared to the lowest serum Cu levels, the odds ratios associated with SPB increased to 2.02 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07, 3.82), 3.10 (1.54, 6.22) and 4.18 (2.11, 8.27) in the second, third and fourth quartile respectively, after adjusting for sampling time, maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, education, occupation, parity, spontaneous abortion history, folic acid use, medication use, pre-pregnancy passive smoking status, child gender and fasting status. Plasma concentrations of TC and TG were positively associated with SPB risk in a dose-dependent manner. However, when stratified by sampling time, the above-mentioned relationships were significant in the first trimester but not in the second. In addition, plasma concentrations of TC and TG were positively correlated with serum Cu concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: High maternal Cu level in the first trimester may increase the risk of SPB, by potentially increasing plasma concentrations of TC and TG.


Assuntos
Cobre/sangue , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
15.
Environ Int ; 122: 316-321, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30455103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies from western countries have linked prenatal exposure to ambient particulate matter <2.5 µm (PM2.5) with increased risk of congenital anomalies. However, the results are mixed. Particularly, evidence is limited for Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we matched the data of all pregnant women laboured in public hospitals during 2015-2016 in Yinchuan, a capital city of northwest China and the data of daily average PM2.5, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) concentrations of the nearest monitor station. We calculated a time-dependent exposure over the entire pregnancy for each woman. We used a time varying Cox proportional hazards model to explore the association between PM2.5 exposure and the risk of congenital anomalies, after adjusting for individual confounders and other pollutants. RESULTS: A total of 39,386 singleton live births were included in the study, and 530 (1.35%) were with congenital anomalies. An increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM2.5 exposure over the entire pregnancy was significantly associated with increased risk of congenital anomalies, with hazard ratio (HR) of 1.35 [95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.16, 1.58]. For subtype analyses, PM2.5 exposure exhibited a significant association with cardiac anomalies and other unclassifiable anomalies, with HRs of 1.60 (95%CI: 1.24, 2.08) and 1.42 (95%CI: 1.07, 1.89), respectively. The impacts of PM2.5 exposure on orofacial anomalies and musculoskeletal anomalies were not significant. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate high concentration of PM2.5 could increase the risk of congenital anomalies among Chinese, especially for cardiac anomalies. Self-protective measures involving reducing PM2.5 pollution exposure during pregnancy as well as environmental policies aiming to restrict PM2.5 emission could be helpful to reduce the burden of cognitional anomalies.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Material Particulado/análise , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez
16.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 51: 79-85, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30466942

RESUMO

Preclinical and clinical studies have suggested that essential trace metals (ETMs) play an important role in the pathophysiology of brain-based disorders, including schizophrenia. This case-control study aimed to evaluate the association between ETMs and schizophrenia, and to further examine the association between ETMs and clinical characteristics in schizophrenia. One-hundred and five (n = 105) subjects who meet DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia between the ages of 18 and 40 were recruited for the study. One hundred and six (n = 106) age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited for comparison. Serum concentrations of seven ETMs [i.e. iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni) and molybdenum (Mo)] were evaluated using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, which allows for the quantitative analysis of multiple ETMs at a single time point. Compared to HCs, serum concentrations of Mn and Mo were significantly lower in patients with schizophrenia. In contrast, serum concentrations of Fe and Ni were significantly higher in patients with schizophrenia. Additionally, correlations between specific ETMs and metabolic parameters (particularly those related to liver and renal function) were found in patients with schizophrenia, and the correlations between every two ETMs in HCs were widely interrupted. Differential levels of selected ETMs (i.e., Mn, Mo, and Ni) were identified between patients with schizophrenia and HCs following adjustment for potential confounders. The findings here should therefore be evaluated in future studies.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia/sangue , Oligoelementos/sangue , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
17.
Psychiatry Res ; 272: 36-41, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30579179

RESUMO

N-acetyl group metabolites are a general class of endogenous compounds characterized by a conjugated system consisting of an acetyl group and nitrogen moiety. The aim of our exploratory pilot case-control study is to compare the levels of five N-acetyl derivatives (i.e., N-acetyl-glutamine, N-acetyl-ornithine, N6-acetyl-L-lysine, N-acetyl-putrescine, and N-acetyl-galactosamine) in serum samples between individuals with first-episode schizophrenia and healthy controls (HC). A 1:2 age- and sex- matched pilot case-control study was performed, involving 30 cases of first-episode schizophrenia and 60 HC aged between 18 and 40 years old. The serum samples containing these N-acetyl derivatives from (first-episode patients with schizophrenia and HC were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Results indicated that higher levels of N-acetyl-glutamine and lower levels of N6-acetyl-L-lysine may have a significant association with schizophrenia after adjusting for age, sex and BMI. N-acetyl-putrescine was elevated among subjects with first-episode schizophrenia when compared to HC, suggesting it as a predictor for schizophrenia onset. Further exploration of the mechanisms of N-acetyl group metabolites with respect to schizophrenia is warranted and may be useful for identifying novel disease markers and/or drug target molecules in schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Esquizofrenia/sangue , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Adulto Jovem
18.
Hum Fertil (Camb) ; : 1-9, 2018 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30477363

RESUMO

This study investigated the association between inflammation in infertile women and the risk of IVF-ET failure, as well as the potential effects of various lifestyles on this association. A total of 84 women undergoing IVF-ET in Beijing China were recruited, including 38 women who did not achieve pregnancy after undergoing IVF-ET and 46 women who conceived. Serum samples were collected on the second day of menstruation before the treatment cycle and the inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1ß, interleukin-6, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1)) were measured. Information about their lifestyle was collected by questionnaire. It was found that the serum IL-8 concentration in the women who did not become pregnant (cases) was significantly higher than in the women who did achieve a pregnancy (controls). A dose-response relationship between the serum IL-8 concentration and the risk of IVF-ET failure was observed, especially when the IL-8 concentration was >11.2 pg/mL. The same relationship was not found for MCP-1. Among the environmental factors investigated, only the frequency of staying up late was positively correlated with the serum IL-8 concentration, as well as positively associated with the risk of IVF-ET failure. It was concluded that excessive inflammation may have an adverse effect on the IVF-ET success rate in infertile women.

19.
Psychiatry Res ; 270: 306-309, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30286368

RESUMO

Schizophrenia is a major psychiatric disorder with complex genetic, environmental, and psychological etiologies. Although DISC1 gene has been shown as a risk factor for schizophrenia in some reports, there is a lack of a consensus. We therefore performed separate meta-analyses aiming to assess the associations between DISC1 SNPs and schizophrenia risk. We found that SNP rs821597 is significantly associated with schizophrenia risk in terms of both allelic and genotypic distribution, while SNP rs821616 is associated with schizophrenia in terms of genotypic distribution, especially in cases above 40 years old.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Esquizofrenia/genética , Alelos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
20.
Psychiatry Res ; 269: 558-564, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30199697

RESUMO

Toxic metals are ubiquitous environmental pollutants, and their potential risks associated with the development of schizophrenia remain a subject of debate. In this study, we investigated the associations between six typical toxic metals (mercury, lead, chromium, silver, antimony, and uranium) in serum with the risk of schizophrenia using a case-control study design. In total, 109 patients with schizophrenia (cases) and 106 normal subjects (controls) from Shandong Province, China were recruited. Fasting blood samples were collected from all participants, as well as serum samples from the cases before and after medical treatment. The six metals were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Only three metals (antimony, silver and uranium) had acceptable detection rates of >80%. The concentrations of antimony and uranium were significantly higher in the cases than in the controls, while no significant difference for silver. Moreover, the serum concentrations of antimony and uranium were significantly lower after medical treatment. Clear dose-response relationships between serum metal concentrations and the risk of schizophrenia were observed, even after adjusting for potential covariates. This suggests that higher levels of antimony and uranium may be one of the factors associated with an elevated risk of schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/sangue , Esquizofrenia/sangue , Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Fatores de Risco , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
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