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1.
J Psychiatr Res ; 135: 37-46, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33445059

RESUMO

Only a few studies investigated the impact of quarantine on anxiety of general population during a second wave of COVID-19 breakout. We aimed to compare anxiety levels of quarantined and non-quarantined people and investigate factors affecting anxiety during the second COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 1837 participants were included in this cross-sectional study. Anxiety was measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Participants were divided into the quarantined group (QG) and non-quarantined group (Non-QG). The mean STAI-S score in the QG was significantly higher than Non-QG (41.8 ± 11.2 vs 40.01 ± 9.9), so was the proportion of severe state anxiety (11.6% vs 5.5%). Males in the QG were significantly more anxious than females evaluated by both STAI-S and STAI-T. High income was independent protective factors while moderate or bad health status and high trait anxiety level were independent risk factors for severe state anxiety. In conclusion, the COVID-19 confinement could significantly increase anxiety of quarantined people. Males were more vulnerable to the quarantine of COVID-19 with significantly increased anxiety level than females. The results suggest that attention should be paid to anxiety during a second round of quarantine due to COVID-19 and are of help in planning psychological interventions.

2.
Ecotoxicology ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432458

RESUMO

Long-term frequent tillage would cause black soil degradation and serious soil erosion as soil microbial communities and soil structure are extremely sensitive to tillage process. However, there is no unified conclusion on the relationship between the distribution of soil water-stable aggregates (WSAs), and microbial community construction and diversity under long-term tillage in black soil during different seasons. In this study, we used wet-sieving method to evaluate the composition and stability of soil WSAs and employed Illumina MiSeq high-throughput sequencing technology to study the diversity, taxonomic composition and co-occurrence network properties of microbial community, comparing outcomes between uncultivated soil and long-term cultivated soil for 60 years in Keshan farm of Heilongjiang Province. The results showed that after long-term tillage, the proportion of larger than 1 mm WSAs reduced by 34.17-51.37%, and the stability of WSAs, soil pH, organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN) contents decreased significantly in all seasons (P < 0.05), while soil available phosphorus (AP) and available potassium (AK) contents increased remarkably (P < 0.05). The diversity of bacteria increased, while that of fungi decreased. Soil fungal communities were more susceptible to long-term tillage than bacterial and archaeal communities. Actinobacteria mainly exist in large WSAs (˃1 mm), and when their relative abundance is high, it is beneficial to improve the water-stability of black soil; while Proteobacteria and Gemmatimonadetes may exist in small WSAs (˂1 mm), whose high relative abundance will weaken the water-stability of black soil. The experimental results provide a scientific theoretical basis for sustainable utilization of black soil.

3.
FASEB J ; 35(1): e21178, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190300

RESUMO

Food withdrawal is usually used for accurate feed metabolizable energy (ME) assessment in poultry, but its effects on intestinal structure and the absorption of nutrients are unclear. In this study, broilers were fed ad libitum (CT) or withdrew food for 12 (FH12), 24 (FH24), 36 (FH36), or 48 hours (FH48). We showed that food withdrawal increased the energy assimilation when compared with the CT. Food withdrawal improved the digestibility of ether extract and the level of lipid substances and fatty acid-derived ß-hydroxybutyrate in serum. Compared to the CT, food withdrawal did not influence the digestibility of starch. Due to 12 hours or longer food withdrawal duration increased glutamate oxidation and uric acid excretion, the analyzed digestibility of crude protein was underestimated, although the upregulated amino acid transporter genes. In addition, histological analysis showed that short-term food withdrawal (12 hours) increased intestinal villus height, crypt depth, and proliferative cell, whereas prolonged food withdrawal (more than 24 hours) impaired villus structure due to the decreased cell proliferation. Moreover, proteomics analysis revealed upregulated pathways in birds withdrawn food for 36 hours involved in nutrient absorption and amino acid oxidation. In conclusion, food withdrawal changes nutrient absorption and utilization, especially for amino acid and ether extract, and results in increased ME. Both glutamate oxidation and fatty acid incomplete oxidation are involved in energy supply after refeeding. In contrast to short-term food withdrawal, prolonged food withdrawal impairs the intestinal structure and villus renewal. Our findings deserve attention from nutritionists who are analyzing food digestibility.

4.
Poult Sci ; 100(1): 196-205, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33357682

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the effects of supplemental dietary benzoic acid on production performance, egg quality, intestinal morphology, and intestinal microbiota of laying hens. A total of seven hundred twenty 45-wk-old Lohman pink-shell laying hens were randomly allocated to 3 dietary treatments: control (CON), diet supplemented with 1,000 mg/kg benzoic acid (BA1), and 2,000 mg/kg benzoic acid (BA2). Each treatment included 10 replicates of 24 hens; laying hens were monitored for 16 wk. Overall, the results indicate that benzoic acid supplementation had no effect on laying rate, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, and breaking rate; however, a decrease in egg weight (P < 0.01) was observed in the BA2 group. Albumen height and Haugh unit (HU) were also linearly increased in the BA1 and BA2 groups (linear effect, P < 0.05). An increase in duodenum villus height (V) (quadratic effect, P = 0.041) and crypt depth (C) (linear effect, P = 0.012) was observed in the BA2 group, whereas an increased jejunum C and decreased V/C (quadratic effect, P < 0.05) in the BA1 group. Moreover, an increase in ileum V and C (quadratic effect, P < 0.05) was observed in the BA1 group. Microbial richness and diversity were reduced in the BA2 group (P < 0.01). An increase in the abundance of Clostridia (class), Clostridiales (order), Ruminococcaceae (family), and Lachnospiraceae (family) was noted in the BA1 group, whereas an enrichment of Bacteroides caecicola (species) was observed in the BA2 group. The HU positively correlated with genus Sphaerochaeta and Enorma (r = 0.56, 0.56; P < 0.05) but negatively correlated with Romboutsia, Subdoligranulum, Helicobacter, and Mucispirillum (r = -0.58, -0.49, -0.48; -0.70; P < 0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation with benzoic acid had no effect on production performance, but it significantly improved egg quality. In addition, 1,000 mg/kg benzoic acid positively modulated intestinal health by improving intestinal morphology and enriching microbial composition.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123388, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653794

RESUMO

Boron (B) is indispensable for plant growth and has been reported in the mitigation of aluminum (Al) toxicity in different plants. This study focused on the efficacy of B in reducing Al toxicity to trifoliate orange seedlings in a hydroponic experiment. Boron supply had a positive effect on root length and plant growth-related parameters and attenuated Al-induced inhibition of plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in conjunction with scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (SEM-EDS) revealed that B reduced Al accumulation in root cell wall, especially on pectin fractions (alkali-soluble pectin), accompanied by suppressing pectin synthesis, pectin methylesterase (PME) activity and PME expression. Furthermore, B application inhibited NRAT1 expression while increased ALS1 expression, indicating restraining Al transport from external cells to cytoplasm and accelerating accelerating vacuolar sequestration. The results were further demonstrated by transmission electron microscope-energy dispersive x-ray spectrometer (TEM-EDS) analysis. Taken together, our results indicated that B mainly promoted the efflux of H+ by regulating the plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity, and reduced the demethylation of pectin to weaken Al binding to carboxyl. More importantly, B alleviated some of the toxic effects of Al by compartmentalizing Al into vacuoles and decreasing the deposition of Al in cytoplasm.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 750: 141513, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853935

RESUMO

Excessive nitrate in water systems is prevailing and a global risk of human health. Polluted river sediments are dominated by anaerobes and often the hotspot of denitrification. So far, little is known about the ecological effects of nitrate pollution on microbial dynamics, especially those in sulfide-rich sediments. Here we simulated a nitrate surge and monitored the microbial responses, as well as the changes of important environmental parameters in a sulfide-rich river sediment for a month. Our analysis of sediment microbial communities showed that elevated nitrate led to (i) a functional convergence at denitrification and sulfide oxidation, (ii) a taxonomic convergence at Proteobacteria, and (iii) a significant loss of biodiversity, community stability and other functions. Two chemolithotrophic denitrifiers Thiobacillus and Luteimonas were enriched after nitrate amendment, although the original communities were dominated by methanogens and syntrophic bacteria. Also, serial dilutions of sediment microbial communities found that Thiobacillus thiophilus dominated 18/30 communities because of its capability of simultaneous nitrate reduction and sulfide oxidation. Additionally, our network analysis indicated that keystone taxa seemed more likely to be native auxotrophs (e.g., syntrophic bacteria, methanogens) rather than dominant denitrifiers, possibly because of the extensive interspecific cross-feeding they estabilished, while environment perturbations probably disrupted that cross-feeding and simplified microbial interactions. This study advances our understanding of microbial community responses to nitrate pollution and possible mechanism in the sulfide-rich river sediment.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Rios , Desnitrificação , Sedimentos Geológicos , Nitratos , Sulfetos , Thiobacillus
7.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118888, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947159

RESUMO

In this study, the feasibility of estimation and forecast of different vitality Quercus variabilis seeds by a hyperspectral imaging technique were investigated. Artificially accelerated aging was conducive to achieve the division of four vitality levels. Hyperspectral data in the first 10 h of germination were continuously collected at one-hour intervals. The optimal band was selected for the original and pre-processed spectra which were treated by multiple scatter correction (MSC) and the Savitzky-Golay first derivative (SG 1st). Five characteristic wavelength methods were compared: successive projections algorithm (SPA), competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS), genetic algorithm (GA), variable important in projection (VIP), and random frog (RF). Partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and K-nearest neighbor (KNN) built the vitality estimation model based on different data sets, and GA + PLS-DA constructed the optimal model with the highest accuracy. According to the weight coefficient and reflectance of the characteristic band extracted by the GA, the reflectance curves of different levels over time were plotted. The data of 0 h was employed to establish the vitality forecast model. The forecast model had a high recognition rate, with PLS-DA exceeding 99% and KNN exceeding 85%. This indicated that hyperspectral imaging of seed germination processes could achieve non-destructive estimation of Q. variabilis seed vitality, and accurate prediction in a shorter time is feasible.

8.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 50(5): 102043, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310135

RESUMO

AIM: Endometriosis is associated with infertility. The aim of this study was to examine the overall proteomic changes of eutopic endometrium in infertile women with endometriosis. METHODS: Tandem mass tags combined with multidimensional liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry analyses were used to screen the proteomic profiles of eutopic endometrium from infertile patients with endometriosis (N = 4), compared with that from patients without endometriosis (N = 4). Quantitative proteomic analysis, functional categories and significant pathway analysis were investigated subsequently. RESULTS: In total, 6.698 proteins were identified, among which 5,812 proteins were quantified. Compared with controls, proteomic analysis showed some differentially expressed proteins: 16 up-regulated proteins and 23 down-regulated proteins. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that differentially expressed proteins were involved in humoral immune response pathways, antimicrobial humoral response and regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process. Besides, our results showed that alpha-1-acid glycoprotein 2, complement factor B and zinc transporter Zip14 were important resources for investigating potential mechanism of infertility in infertile women with endometriosis. CONCLUSIONS: This study provided a reference proteome map of eutopic endometrium from infertile women with endometriosis. The long-term benefits of using those markers to stratify clinical treatment warrant further investigation.

9.
J Card Surg ; 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336461

RESUMO

Although peripheral arterial embolism is a common vascular disease, abdominal aortic saddle embolism (ASE) is rare. However, ASE is considered to be quite severe. A rapid and accurate diagnosis followed by timely and appropriate medical intervention is the key to minimize the risk of severe complications and reduce the risk of mortality. We report the case of an 84-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with acute ASE. She was successfully treated using thrombolytic therapy through a bilateral femoral arterial puncture catheter. Our report aims at raising awareness of this potentially fatal disease, highlighting the importance of rapid diagnosis and timely treatment, and exploring the possibility of endovascular treatment for ASE in the future.

10.
Bioorg Chem ; : 104561, 2020 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349457

RESUMO

Although targeted therapy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has achieved good therapeutic effects in clinic, a considerable number of patients develop drug resistance over time. So, there is still an urgent need to develop new drugs for RCC treatment. As LSD1 is considered as a promising drug target in diverse cancers, including RCC, we tried to find new LSD1 inhibitor using drug repurposing strategy from a compound library, and fenoldopam, an FDA-approved drug, was identified as a potent LSD1 inhibitor with IC50 = 0.8974 µM in a reversible manner. Molecular docking predicted that fenoldopam occupied the FAD cavity of LSD1, forming hydrogen bonds with surrounding residues. Moreover, fenoldopam inactivated LSD1 and performed antiproliferative activity against ACHN cells and promoted cells apoptosis in vitro. Taken together, fenoldopam was identified as a novel LSD1 inhibitor firstly, and may serve as a new skeleton for RCC therapy.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33267667

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide an up-to-date review of studies that used preclinical animal models for the evaluation of tissue engineering treatments for spinal cord injury (SCI), which involved the use of biomaterials with or without the addition of cells or biomolecules. METHODS: Electronic search of the PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases was performed for relevant studies published between January 2009 and December 2019. RESULTS: 1579 articles were retrieved, of which 58 studies were included for analysis. Among the included studies, rats were the most common species used for animal models of SCI, while complete transection was the most commonly used injury pattern. Immediate intervention after injury was conducted in the majority of studies, and 8 weeks was the most common final time point of outcome assessment. A wide range of natural and synthetic biomaterials with different morphologies were used as a part of tissue engineering treatments for SCI, including scaffolds, hydrogels and particles. CONCLUSION: Experimental parameters in studies using SCI animal models to evaluate tissue engineering treatments should be carefully considered to match the purpose of the study. Biomaterials that have functional modifications or are applied in combination with cells and biomolecules can be effective in creating a permissive environment for SCI repair in preclinical animal models.

12.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 880, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297944

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Late blight disease (LBD) caused by the pathogen Phytophthora infestans (PI), is the most devastating disease limiting potato (Solanum tuberosum) production globally. Currently, this disease pathogen is re-emerging and appearing in new areas at a very high intensity. A better understanding of the natural defense mechanisms against PI in different potato cultivars especially at the protein level is still lacking. Therefore, to elucidate potato proteome response to PI, we investigated changes in the proteome and leaf morphology of three potato cultivars, namely; Favorita (FA), Mira (MA), and E-malingshu N0.14 (E14) infected with PI by using the iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics analysis. RESULTS: A total of 3306 proteins were found in the three potato genotypes, and 2044 proteins were quantified. Cluster analysis revealed MA and E14 clustered together separately from FA. The protein profile and related functions revealed that the cultivars shared a typical hypersensitive response to PI, including induction of elicitors, oxidative burst, and suppression of photosynthesis in the potato leaves. Meanwhile, MA and E14 deployed additional specific response mechanism different from FA, involving high induction of protease inhibitors, serine/threonine kinases, terpenoid, hormone signaling, and transport, which contributed to MA tolerance of LBD. Furthermore, inductions of pathogenesis-related proteins, LRR receptor-like kinases, mitogen-activated protein kinase, WRKY transcription factors, jasmonic acid, and phenolic compounds mediate E14 resistance against LBD. These proteins were confirmed at the transcription level by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction and at the translation level by western-blot. CONCLUSIONS: We found several proteins that were differentially abundant among the cultivars, that includes common and cultivar specific proteins which highlighted similarities and significant differences between FA, MA, and E14 in terms of their defense response to PI. Here the specific accumulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase, Serine/threonine kinases, WRKY transcription played a positive role in E14 immunity against PI. The candidate proteins identified reported in this study will form the basis of future studies and may improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of late blight disease resistance in potato.

13.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236499

RESUMO

Foods high in amylose content and resistant starch (RS) offer great potential to improve human health and lower the risk of serious noninfectious diseases. Common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a major staple food crop globally. However, the RS contents in the grains of modern wheat varieties are low. Here, we report the generation of high-amylose wheat through targeted mutagenesis of TaSBEIIa in a modern winter wheat cv Zhengmai 7698 (ZM) and a spring wheat cv Bobwhite by CRISPR/Cas9, respectively. We generated a series of transgene-free mutant lines either with partial or triple-null TasbeIIa alleles in ZM and Bobwhite, respectively. Analyses of starch composition, structure and properties revealed that the effects of partial or triple-null alleles were dosage dependent with triple-null lines demonstrated more profound impacts on starch composition, fine structures of amylopectin and physiochemical and nutritional properties. The flours of triple-null lines possessed significantly increased amylose, RS, protein and soluble pentosan contents which benefit human health. Baking quality analyses indicated that the high-amylose flours may be used as additives or for making cookies. Collectively, we successfully modified the starch composition, structure and properties through targeted mutagenesis of TaSBEIIa by CRISPR/Cas9 in both winter and spring wheat varieties and generated transgene-free high-amylose wheat. Our finding provides deep insights on the role of TaSBEIIa in determining starch composition, structure, properties and end-use quality in different genetic backgrounds and improving RS content with multiple breeding and end-use applications in cereal crop species through genome editing for health benefits.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188921

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy and obstetric outcomes of patients with intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) after treatment with in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI) and fresh embryo transplantation after transcervical resection of adhesions (TCRA). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-based reproductive medical center. PATIENTS: A total of 535 patients with IUAs and with a history of TCRA and 1605 matched patients without a history of IUAs underwent IVF-ICSI and received fresh embryo transfers. INTERVENTIONS: Between January 2014 and December 2018, all patients underwent IVF-ICSI treatment and received fresh embryo transfers. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The patients in the TCRA group were matched with the control group according to strict criteria. Pregnancy and obstetric outcomes were compared. There were no significant differences in clinical pregnancies, ectopic pregnancies, live births, preterm births, and obstetric outcomes between the 2 groups (p >.05). However, the TCRA group had a higher risk of miscarriage than the control group (p = .048). CONCLUSION: TCRA improved the reproductive outcomes of patients with IUAs, but the risk of miscarriage was higher than that in the general population. To avoid miscarriage, careful monitoring is critical for pregnant patients with a history of TCRA who undergo embryo transfers during IVF treatment.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(47): e23301, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217863

RESUMO

The clinical epidemiological characteristics of chronic urticaria (CU) in different populations were not completely consistent, and the epidemiological characteristics of CU were very complex. At present, there were some patient-based studies on CU, but few natural population-based studied in the world.This study aimed to analysis the prevalence of self-reported CU among adults in grasslands of northern China and its closely related factors.A multistage and proportionately stratified random sampling with a field interviewer-administered survey study was performed together with skin prick tests (SPT) and measurements of the daily pollen count.A total of 3406 subjects completed the study. The prevalence of self-reported CU was 5.61% (n = 191), which was higher in women than that of men (6.91% vs 4.08%, X = 12.785, P < .001). Seasonal or seasonal aggravation CU accounted for 110 (57.59%) patients. Pollen dispersal season was basically consistent with the peak season of CU, but there was no significant difference in the positive rate of pollen SPT between CU with seasonal or seasonal aggravation symptom and CU with free of symptom (X = 0.425, P = .51), as well as between CU with seasonal or seasonal aggravation symptom and perennial CU (X = 0.439, P = .51). Eczema (odds ratio [OR] = 2.807, P < .001), chronic diarrhea (OR = 2.486, P < .01), food allergy history (OR = 1.890, P < .01), history of family allergy (OR = 1.800, P < .001), and conjunctivitis (OR = 1.749, P < .01) were closely related to CU.This investigation provided the factors closely related to CU, and provided certain ideas for further research on the etiology and prevention of CU.


Assuntos
Urticária Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Pradaria , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autorrelato , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Food Biochem ; 44(12): e13540, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33103256

RESUMO

The antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of vanadium-binding protein (VBP) and trifuhalol A, alone or combined, were investigated. Both VBP and trifuhalol A showed potent radical scavenging activity (RSA) on 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS), hydrogen peroxide, and ferric-reducing antioxidant power. Their combination at a concentration of 100 µg/ml VBP and 40 µg/ml trifuhalol A exhibited more than 99% RSA against ABTS. Additionally, VBP and trifuhalol A, alone or combined, displayed potential antidiabetic activities against Saccharomyces cerevisiae α-glucosidase. The highest inhibition of 70.26% against S. cerevisiae α-glucosidase was observed in the case of the combination of 250 µg/ml VBP and 1.75 µg/ml trifuhalol A. Kinetics study revealed that VBP and trifuhalol A were noncompetitive inhibition type against S. cerevisiae α-glucosidase, while VBP and trifuhalol A combined treatment was a mixed inhibition type against S. cerevisiae α-glucosidase. These results indicated that VBP and trifuhalol A, alone or combined, had high free radical scavenging activity and inhibitory activity against S. cerevisiae a-glucosidase, suggesting that VBP and trifuhalol A could be used as candidates for the development of natural antidiabetic drugs or functional food. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The present study showed that VBP and trifuhalol A, alone or combined, had potential antioxidant and antidiabetic activities, suggesting that VBP and trifuhalol A could be developed to a novel nutraceutical or natural antidiabetic drugs in the management of obesity or diabetes. This finding will be beneficial for all peoples who are directly or indirectly associated with obesity or diabetes.

17.
Drug Discov Today ; 25(12): 2080-2088, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017690

RESUMO

The research and development (R&D) of new drugs indicates scientific progress and economic development. However, little is known regarding ongoing or recent clinical trials in China. We analyzed data from clinical trials published before December 31, 2019, and found that the annual registration numbers are increasing annually in the country. Based on clinical indications, most tested drugs target cancers, nervous system, infections, and the cardiovascular system. Furthermore, clinical trials are mostly concentrated in Beijing, Shanghai, and Jiangsu, and conducted by large pharmaceutical companies, with multiple trials for several generic drugs. Going forward, it will be necessary to promote R&D in China of clinically relevant innovative drugs, drug delivery systems, and novel traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and biological products, as well as to have a balanced distribution of clinical trials to sustainably meet public health needs.

18.
Antiviral Res ; 184: 104953, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065138

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Normal/mildly elevated ALT (<2 × ULN) CHB patients are potentially at risk of progression to cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to assess the outcomes of anti-viral therapy for normal/mild elevation of ALT CHB patients. METHODS: CHB patients (n = 432) who have had liver biopsied were determined. It was determined that the outcomes of anti-viral therapy in CHB patients with normal/mild elevation of ALT, in response to nucleoside/nucleotide analogues (NAs) (n = 190) and pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) (n = 30) treatment for up to 72 weeks. Non-anti-viral treated patients were used as control (n = 40). RESULTS: There was about 50% of the CHB patients showed hepatic inflammatory necrosis ≥ G2 and/or fibrosis ≥ S2 among >30-years-old. The rate of undetectable HBV DNA in NAs and PEG-IFN groups was ~50%, ~80% or ~90% at week 24, 48 or 72, respectively. HBeAg clearance rate was lower in NAs treated than that in PEG-IFN group at week 48 (6% vs 20%, P < 0.05). ALT normalization rate was increased by 1.18-fold at week 72. HBsAg decline in HBeAg+ patients treated with NAs or PEG-IFN was 0.418 or 1.217 log IU/mL (P < 0.0001) at week 48; whereas HBsAg decline was 0.176 or 0.816 log IU/mL (P < 0.001) in HBeAg- patients. HBsAg at baseline and week 24 were strong predictors of "low HBsAg at week 48". CONCLUSION: Long term anti-viral therapy inhibits HBV replication effectively in ALT<2 × ULN CHB patients. PEG-IFN therapy is recommended for HBeAg+ patients with baseline HBsAg<4.37 log IU/ml and HBeAg- patients with baseline HBsAg<2.66 log IU/ml to achieve "low HBsAg at week 48".

19.
Phys Rev Lett ; 125(14): 143605, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064545

RESUMO

We propose how to achieve nonreciprocal quantum entanglement of light and motion and reveal its counterintuitive robustness against random losses. We find that by splitting the counterpropagating lights of a spinning resonator via the Sagnac effect, photons and phonons can be entangled strongly in a chosen direction but fully uncorrelated in the other. This makes it possible both to realize quantum nonreciprocity even in the absence of any classical nonreciprocity and also to achieve significant entanglement revival against backscattering losses in practical devices. Our work provides a way to protect and engineer quantum resources by utilizing diverse nonreciprocal devices, for building noise-tolerant quantum processors, realizing chiral networks, and backaction-immune quantum sensors.

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