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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 664-670, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018192

RESUMO

Traumatic painful neuroma is an intractable clinical disease characterized by improper extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition around the injury site. Studies have shown that the microstructure of natural nerves provides a suitable microenvironment for the nerve end to avoid abnormal hyperplasia and neuroma formation. In this study, we used a decellularized nerve matrix scaffold (DNM-S) to prevent against the formation of painful neuroma after sciatic nerve transection in rats. Our results showed that the DNM-S effectively reduced abnormal deposition of ECM, guided the regeneration and orderly arrangement of axon, and decreased the density of regenerated axons. The epineurium-perilemma barrier prevented the invasion of vascular muscular scar tissue, greatly reduced the invasion of α-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts into nerve stumps, effectively inhibited scar formation, which guided nerve stumps to gradually transform into a benign tissue and reduced pain and autotomy behaviors in animals. These findings suggest that DNM-S-optimized neuroma microenvironment by ECM remodeling may be a promising strategy to prevent painful traumatic neuromas.

2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24694, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098712

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the incidence of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has gradually increased. As CCA has a poor prognosis, the ideal survival rate is scarce for patients. The abnormal expressed tsRNAs may regulate the progression of a variety of tumors, and tsRNAs is expected to become a new diagnostic biomarker of cancer. However, the expression of tsRNAs is obscure and should be elucidated in CCA. METHODS: High-throughput RNA sequencing technology (RNA-seq) was utilized to determine the overall expression profiles of tsRNAs in three pairs CCA and adjacent normal tissues and to screen the tsRNAs that were differentially expressed. The target genes of dysregulated tsRNAs were predicted and the biological effects and potential signaling pathways of these target genes were explored by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to validate 11 differentially expressed tRFs with 12 pairs CCA and adjacent normal tissues. RESULTS: High-throughput RNA-seq totally demonstrated 535 dysregulated tsRNAs, of which 241 tsRNAs were upregulated, such as tRF-21-YLKZKWE5D,tRF-16-9NF5W8B,tRF-27-78YLKZKWE52,tRF-19-RLXN48KP,tRF-33-IK9NJ4S2I7L7DV,tRF-19-F8DHXYIV, and 294 tsRNAs were downregulated (tRF-20-739P8WQ0, tRF-34-JJ6RRNLIK898HR, tRF-17-VL8RPY5, tRF-23-YP9LON4VDP, tRF-39-EH623K76IR3DR2I2, tRF-17-18YKISM, tRF-19-Q1Q89PJZ, etc.) in CCA compared with adjacent normal tissues (|log2 [fold change] | ≥ 1 and p value <0.05). GO and KEGG enrichment analyses indicated that the target genes of dysregulated tRFs (tRF-34-JJ6RRNLIK898HR, tRF-38-0668K87SERM492V, and tRF-39-0668K87SERM492E2) were mainly enriched in the Notch signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway and in growth hormone synthesis, secretion and action, etc. qRT-PCR result showed that tRF-34-JJ6RRNLIK898HR/tRF-38-0668K87SERM492V/tRF-39-0668K87SERM492E2 was downregulated (p = 0.021), and tRF-20-LE2WMK81 was upregulated in CCA (p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Differentially expressed tRFs in CCA are enriched in many pathways associated with neoplasms, which may impact the tumor progression and have potential to be diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets of CCA.

3.
Am J Surg ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between different risk levels of de novo donor-specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibodies (dnDSAs) and liver graft injury after liver transplantation in pediatric patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 130 patients after liver transplantation. Subjects were divided into the following 4 groups according to the mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of dnDSAs: high risk group(MFI ≥10,000), medium risk group(4000 ≤ MFI <10,000), low risk group(500 ≤ MFI <4000), and negative group(<500). Liver function indices were examined along with liver puncture biopsy,and the relationship between dnDSA risk level and liver injury after transplantation was assessed. RESULTS: Pediatric liver transplant recipients showed significant differences in liver function (ALT, AST, GGT and Bilirubin) according to dnDSA risk level (P < 0.05), and no differences in cumulative incidences of rejection (P = 0.413) and liver fibrosis (P = 0.978) were observed among the number of dnDSAs group. There were differences in the cumulative incidences of antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) (P = 0.001) and T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) (P = 0.003) across risk groups. The cumulative incidences of TCMR and liver fibrosis (P = 0.0001) were higher in the low-risk group than in the other 3 groups. There were no differences in graft survival rate (P = 0.846) across risk groups. CONCLUSION: DnDSAs in pediatric liver transplant recipients are associated with liver transplant rejection and fibrosis. The level of dnDSAs in low risk group should not be disregarded. Routine detection of dnDSAs has clinical utility for noninvasive risk stratification in this population.

4.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(8): 4001-4014, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119815

RESUMO

Coagulation regulates angiogenesis in cancer, and is associated with tumor development and metastasis. To date, there have been no studies quantifying the state of intra-tumoral coagulation. We measured intra-tumoral coagulation gene expression using the "Hallmark-COAGULATION" gene set in the MSigDB, performing gene set variation analysis and then assigning a "coagulation score" to quantify gene expression. Clinical, histologic, and genetic data were analyzed in 807 gastric cancer patients from the TCGA_STAD and GSE84437 databases. Tumors with increased expression of pro-coagulation genes were consistently associated with higher AJCC T-categories (p = 0.018), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.036), and stage (p = 0.006) in both cohorts. Patients with high coagulation scores were found to have worse disease-specific survival and overall survival (OS) (p = 0.019 and 0.011, respectively) in TCGA, and worse OS in GSE84437 cohort (p = 0.012). Higher expression of pro-coagulation genes correlated with increased intra-tumoral angiogenesis, as well as increased proportions of lymphatic and microvascular endothelial cells, endothelial cells, and pericytes, calculated by xCell algorithm. High coagulation scores were significantly associated with low tumor mutation burden, but not with intratumor heterogeneity and homologous recombination deficiency. Gastric cancers with high coagulation scores contained higher amounts of M1 macrophages and dendritic cells, and low numbers of Th1 cells (all P<0.001). Genes for epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), myogenesis, apical junction, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß signaling, and angiogenesis were enriched in high coagulation score-gastric cancers (all false discovery rate <0.25). In conclusion, gastric cancers expressing higher levels of pro-coagulation genes demonstrate increased angiogenesis, EMT, TGF-ß signaling and worse patient prognosis.

5.
AMB Express ; 12(1): 119, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114307

RESUMO

The high cost of cellulase is one of the main obstacles hindering the large-scale biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass. Therefore, developing efficient method for preparation of cellulase is promising. In the present study, the production of cellulase by Trichoderma reesei, Trichoderma harzianum, and Aspergillus niger was optimized, and the synergistic effect of these cellulase on enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated ramie stalks was also evaluated. The maximum CMCase (Carboxymethyl Cellulase) and filter paper activity (FPA) produced by T. reesei reached to 3.12 IU/mL and 0.13 IU/mL, respectively. The maximum activities of CMCase (3.68 IU/mL), FPA (0.04 IU/mL) and ß-glucosidase (8.44 IU/mL) were obtained from A. niger. The results also showed that under the premise of the same FPA activity, the contribution of ß-glucosidase activity to yield of reducing sugar was greater than that of CMCase. Besides, cellulase produced by T. reesei and A. niger had the best synergistic effect on enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated ramie stalks. The highest reducing sugars yield (417 mg/g dry substrate) was achieved when enzyme cocktail was prepared at the ratio of 1:1, which was 1.36-3.35 folds higher than that of different single enzymes. The present research has provided a novel method for efficient preparation of enzymes consortium for enzymatic hydrolysis of ramie stalks.

6.
Front Nutr ; 9: 928805, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105573

RESUMO

Flavonoids are important secondary metabolites, active biomolecules in germinating beans, and have prominent applications in food and medicine due to their antioxidant effects. Rutin is a plant flavonoid with a wide biological activity range. In this study, flavonoid (rutin) accumulation and its related molecular mechanisms in germinating common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) were observed at different time points (0-120 h) under salt stress (NaCl). The rutin content increased from germination onset until 96 h, after which a reducing trend was observed. Metabolome analysis showed that salt stress alters flavonoid content by regulating phenylpropanoid (ko00940) and flavonoid (ko00941) biosynthesis pathways, as well as their enzyme activities, including cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD), peroxidase (POD), chalcone isomerase (CHI), and flavonol synthase (FLS). The RNA-seq and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses also showed that these two pathways were linked to changes in flavonoid content following salt treatment. These results reveal that salt stress effectively enhanced rutin content accumulation in germinating beans, hence it could be employed to enhance the functional quality of germinating common beans.

7.
Front Physiol ; 13: 931931, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111155

RESUMO

Among the diseases causing human death, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains number one according to the World Health Organization report in 2021. It is known that atherosclerosis is the pathological basis of CVD. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) plays a pivotal role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD). LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) is the traditional biological marker of LDL. However, large numbers of patients who have achieved the recommended LDL-C goals still have ASCVD risk. In multiple prospective studies, LDL particle (LDL-P) is reported to be more accurate in predicting CVD risk than LDL-C. LDL-Ps differ in size, density and chemical composition. Numerous clinical studies have proved that the atherogenic mechanisms of LDL-Ps are determined not only by LDL number and size but also by LDL modifications. Of note, small dense LDL (sdLDL) particles possess stronger atherogenic ability compared with large and intermediate LDL subfractions. Besides, oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) is another risk factor in atherosclerosis. Among the traditional lipid-lowering drugs, statins induce dramatic reductions in LDL-C and LDL-P to a lesser extend. Recently, proprotein convertase subtilsin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) have been demonstrated to be effective in lowering the levels of LDL-C, LDL-P, as well as CVD events. In this article, we will make a short review of LDL metabolism, discuss the discordance between LDL-C and LDL-P, outline the atherogenic mechanisms of action of LDL by focusing on sdLDL and ox-LDL, summarize the methods used for measurement of LDL subclasses, and conclude the advances in LDL-lowering therapies using statins and PCSK9i.

8.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(9): 4576-4586, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096598

RESUMO

In October-November 2020, the phytoplankton and the aquatic environment from 62 sites in the mainstream of the Qinhe River and the largest tributary of the Qinhe River (Danhe River) in the Jincheng region were investigated to clarify the spatial pattern of phytoplankton communities and their driving factors. A total of 7 phyla and 47 species of phytoplankton were identified in the Qinhe River basin and were composed of Cryptophyta, Chlorophyta, Pyrrophyta, Chrysophyta, Bacillariophyta, Cyanophyta, and Crytophyta. Six dominant species in the Qinhe River included:Chlorella vulgaris, Cryptomonas erosa, Chroomonas acuta, Cyclotella stelligera, Chlorococcum, and Euglena viridis. Six dominant species in the Danhe River included:C. erosa, Frustulia vulgaris, E. viridis, C. vulgaris, Trachelomonas oblonga Lemm, and C. stelligera. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') varied from 0.35 to 3.15, with a mean value 1.40. The Pielou evenness index (J) varied from 0.24 to 1.00, with a mean value of 0.68. H' values in the Qinhe River were higher than those in the Danhe River. J values were relatively low in the middle reaches of the Qinhe River and middle-low reaches of the Danhe River. The results in the Qinhe River through a canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) showed that the percent of forest land at a 300 m buffer was the driving factor of Chlorococcum in Chlorophyta, and nitrate, total phosphorus, and the percent of forest land at the 300 m buffer were the driving factors of E. viridis. Cyclotella stelligera was mainly influenced by the percent of urban land and water temperature, whereas C. vulgaris, C. erosa, and C. acuta were mainly influenced by the percent of farmland and residential land at the 300 m buffer. The results in the Danhe River via CCA showed that C. erosa and C. stelligera were mainly influenced by pH and sulfate, E. viridis was mainly influenced by the percent of urban land and grass land, T. oblonga Lemm was mainly influenced by chloride and the percent of forest land, F. vulgaris was mainly influenced by water temperature and the percent of farmland, and C. vulgaris was mainly influenced by ammonia and the percent of farmland.


Assuntos
Chlorella vulgaris , Clorófitas , Diatomáceas , Fitoplâncton , Rios/química , Estações do Ano , Água
9.
Hepatology ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: HEV ORF2 antigen (Ag) in serum has become a tool for diagnosing current hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. Particularly, urinary shedding of HEV Ag gains increasing interest. We aim to uncover the origin, antigenicity, diagnostic performance, and diagnostic significance of Ag in urine in HEV infection. APPROACH & RESULTS: Clinical serum and urine samples from patients with acute and chronic HEV infection were analyzed for their Ag levels. Ag in urine was analyzed by biochemical and proteomic approaches. The origin of urinary Ag and Ag kinetics during HEV infection were investigated in mouse and rabbit models, respectively. We found that both the Ag level and diagnostic sensitivity in urine were higher than in serum. Antigenic protein in urine was an E2s-like dimer spanning a.a. 453-606. pORF2 entered urine from serum in mice intravenously injected with pORF2. The Ag in urine originated from the secreted form of pORF2 (ORF2S ) that abundantly existed in HE patients' serum. The HEV Ag was specifically taken up by renal cells and was disposed into urine, during which the level of Ag was concentrated more than 10-fold, resulting in the higher diagnosing sensitivity of urine Ag than serum Ag. Moreover, the Ag in urine appeared 6 days earlier, lasted longer than viremia and antigenemia, and showed good concordance with fecal RNA in a rabbit model. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrated the origin and diagnostic value of urine Ag and provided insights into the disposal of exogenous protein of pathogens by the host kidney.

10.
J Org Chem ; 87(18): 12447-12454, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048432

RESUMO

A simple and efficient method for the preparation of selenyl-substituted quinoline derivatives through a CSp3-H selenylation of in situ-generated 3-acetyl quinoline has been developed. This protocol is easy to handle, scalable, and good functional group tolerant, providing a rapid method to 3-selenoacetyl quinoline and 3-diselenoacetyl quinoline derivatives.


Assuntos
Antiprotozoários , Quinolinas
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(36): e30478, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36086738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Astragalus (Hedysarum Multijugum Maxim., Huangqi) is a Chinese herbal medicine, and according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Chinese medicinal preparations containing astragalus can be used clinically to treat radiation-induced lung injury (RILI). To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Chinese medicinal preparations containing astragalus in the prevention and treatment of RILI by means of meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prescriptions containing astragalus in the treatment of RILI by Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Science and Technology Journal Database, WANFANG Database. The retrieval time is from the establishment of the database to January 18, 2022. Meta-analysis, heterogeneity test and sensitivity analysis were performed on eligible RCTs using Revman 5.4 software and STATA 17.0 software, and a "funnel plot" was used to analyze potential publication bias. RESULTS: A total of 25 RCTs were included, including 1762 patients, and the most widely used drugs were heat-clearing and detoxifying, yin-nourishing and qi-nourishing. The prescriptions containing astragalus can significantly reduce the total incidence of RILI (P < .01), improve the total effective rate and cure rate of RILI (P < .01), improve the quality of life of patients, alleviate breathing difficulties and reduce the expression of inflammatory factors (P < .01), and no adverse reactions related to TCM treatment were reported. CONCLUSION: The traditional Chinese medicinal preparation containing astragalus can effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms of RILI, reduce the toxic side effects, and is safe to use in clinic.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Lesão Pulmonar , Humanos , Lesão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar/etiologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Viés de Publicação
12.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-10, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067518

RESUMO

We retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 240 pediatric SAA patients who underwent unmanipulated alternative HSCT between September 2012 and November 2020 at our center. The incidence of GF (PGF + SGF) was higher in the UCBD cohort compared to the MUD and HID cohorts [(13.5% ± 6.5%) vs (0%), and (1.6% ± 5.3%), respectively, p = .0001]. The incidence of platelet engraftment within 180 days post-HSCT was lower in the UCBD cohort (82.4% ± 2.3%) compared to the HID group (96.2% ± 1.3%) and the MUD group (97.4% ± 0.5%) (p = .020). the median duration time for platelet engraftment in the UCBD cohort was 29 days, longer than in HID cohort 14 days and the MUD cohort 13 days (p = .005). UCBD cohort had a lower 3-year failure-free survival (FFS) (70.5% ± 8.4%) compared to the HID cohort (81.1% ± 4.3%) and the MUD cohort (92.5% ± 3.1%) (p = .030) and lower 3-year GVHD/relapse free survival (GRFS) (63.3% ± 9.5.4%) compared to the HID cohort (75.5% ± 6.8%) and MUD cohort (87.9% ± 4.5%) (p = .002). UCBD-HSCT had inferior FFS and GRFS compared to an HSCT with an HID or MUD in pediatric patients with acquired SAA. A UCBD-HSCT had a higher GF and lower incidence of platelet engraftment and longer platelet engraftment time.

13.
FASEB J ; 36(10): e22562, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125067

RESUMO

Oncoprotein AML1-ETO (AE) derived from t(8;21)(q22;q22) translocation is typically present in a portion of French-American-British-M2 subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Although these patients have relatively favorable prognoses, substantial numbers of them would relapse after conventional therapy. Here, we explored whether reinforcing the endogenous differentiation potential of t(8;21) AML cells would diminish the associated malignancy. In doing so, we noticed an expansion of immature erythroid blasts featured in both AML1-ETO9a (AE9a) and AE plus c-KIT (N822K) (AK) murine leukemic models. Interestingly, in the AE9a murine model, a spontaneous step-wise erythroid differentiation path, as characterized by the differential expression of CD43/c-Kit and the upregulation of several key erythroid transcription factors (TFs), accompanied the decline or loss of leukemia-initiating potential. Notably, overexpression of one of the key erythroid TFs, Ldb1, potently disrupted the repopulation of AE9a leukemic cells in vivo, suggesting a new promising intervention strategy of t(8;21) AML through enforcing their erythroid differentiation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Proteínas com Homeodomínio LIM , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Camundongos , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Translocação Genética
14.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144010

RESUMO

In the terahertz band, how integrating multiple functions into a device with a tiny unit structure is a challenge. In this paper, an optically-controlled multifunctional linear polarization conversion metasurface working in the terahertz band is proposed. The reflection and transmission polarization conversion functions can be realized by irradiating the metasurface with pump light with different wavelengths. The metasurface is designed with a multilayer structure, and a photosensitive semiconductor alone is used to control multiple functions, which makes the manipulation of multifunctional devices easy. When the photosensitive semiconductor germanium (Ge) and silicon (Si) are in different states, the metasurface can realize broadband reflection and transmission polarization conversion functions, the corresponding relative bandwidth are 102.4% and 98.9%, respectively, and the work efficiency can be regulated by pump light with different intensity and wavelength. In addition, the working principle of the metasurface is analyzed by eigenmode theory and surface current distributions. The stability of the metasurface to structural parameters and incident angles are discussed.

15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(18)2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36145968

RESUMO

Isotactic polybutene (iPB) has a wide application in the water pipe field. However, the most valuable form I, needs 7 days to complete the transformation. In this study, the attapulgite (ATP), which produces lattice matching of the iPB form I, was selected to prepare an iPB/ATP composite. The Fischer-Tropsch wax (FTW) was grafted with maleic anhydride to obtain MAFT, and the ATP structure was reset by reactions with MAFT to the prepared FATP, which improved the interface compatibility of the ATP and iPB. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and the water contact angle test confirmed the successful synthesis of FATP. X-ray diffraction (XRD) verified that the graft of MAFT did not affect the crystal structure of ATP. The iPB + 5% FATP had the maximum flexural strength, which was 12.45 Mpa, and the flexural strength of the iPB + 5% FATP annealing for 1 day was much higher than others. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) photographs verified that FATP and iPB had good interface compatibility. The crystal transformation behavior indicated that the iPB + 5% FATP had the fastest crystal transformation rate, which proved that the reset structure, ATP, greatly accelerated the crystal transformation of iPB. This was a detailed study on the effect of lattice matching, interfacial compatibility and internal lubrication of the reset structure, ATP, in the nucleation and growth stages of iPB form I. The result was verified by XRD, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Avrami kinetics and polarizing microscope (POM) analysis.

16.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 15(9): e008774, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies demonstrate a J-shaped association between blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but the findings are plagued by confounding from other traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). Our aims were to examine the associations of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels with CVD in individuals without major CVRFs and whether there were thresholds for the association. METHODS: In the 4C study (China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort), 36 042 CVRF-free participants without CVD, diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, or smoking were identified during 2011 to 2012. Among CVRF-free participants, 17 476 CVRF-preferable individuals with better glycemic (fasting glucose, <110 mg/dL; 2-hour post-load glucose, <140 mg/dL) and lipid profile (total cholesterol, <200 mg/dL; LDL [low-density lipoprotein] cholesterol, <130 mg/dL) were selected. The total person-years of follow-up for CVRF-free subjects and CVRF-preferable subjects were 130 147 and 63 573 person-years, respectively. Information on the development of major CVDs was collected during 2014 to 2016. Cox proportional hazard models were performed to estimate the risks for incident CVD by SBP and DBP groups, respectively. RESULTS: We found that both baseline SBP and DBP presented significantly linear associations with CVD risks in CVRF-free and CVRF-preferable participants. There is significant increase in the CVD risk among CVRF-free participants with baseline SBP level of 110 to 119 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.19-2.71]), 120 to 129 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.03 [95% CI, 1.36-3.03]), and 130 to 139 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 2.15 [95% CI, 1.40-3.28]) compared with SBP <110 mm Hg. Significant increases were also observed for DBP level of 80 to 89 mm Hg (hazard ratio, 1.43 [95% CI, 1.03-1.97]) compared with DBP <70 mm Hg. Similar results were observed in CVRF-preferable participants. CONCLUSIONS: SBP and DBP with levels currently considered normal were significantly and linearly associated with incident CVD without thresholds above 110/70 mm Hg among Chinese adults without major CVRFs.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol , Glucose , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Phytomedicine ; 106: 154405, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stent implantation has been increasingly applied for the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease, which, albeit effective, often harasses patients by in-stent restenosis (ISR). PURPOSE: The present study was to explore the role of compound Chinese medicine Cardiotonic Pills® (CP) in attenuating ISR-evoked myocardial injury and fibrosis. STUDY DESIGN: Chinese miniature pigs were used to establish ISR model by implanting obsolete degradable stents into coronary arteries. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was performed to confirm the success of the model. METHODS: CP was given at 0.2 g/kg daily for 30 days after ISR. On day 30 and 60 after stent implantation, the myocardial infarct and myocardial blood flow (MBF) were assessed. Myocardial histology was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining. The content of ATP, MPO, and the activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex Ⅳ were determined by ELISA. Western blot was performed to assess the expression of ATP5D and related signaling proteins, and the mediators of myocardial fibrosis. RESULTS: Treatment with CP diminished myocardial infarct size, retained myocardium structure, attenuated myocardial fibrosis, and restored MBF. CP ameliorated energy metabolism disorder, attenuated TGFß1 up-regulation and reversed its downstream gene expression, such as Smad6 and Smad7, and inhibited the increased expression of MCP-1, PR S19, MMP-2 and MMP-9. CONCLUSION: CP effectively protects myocardial structure and function from ISR challenge, possibly by regulating energy metabolism via inactivation of RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway and inhibition of monocyte chemotaxis and TGF ß1/Smads signaling pathway.

18.
Langmuir ; 38(37): 11137-11148, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070512

RESUMO

Understanding the behaviors of nanoparticles at interfaces is crucial not only for the design of novel nanostructured materials with superior properties but also for a better understanding of many biological systems where nanoscale objects such as drug molecules, viruses, and proteins can interact with various interfaces. Theoretical studies and tailored computer simulations offer unique approaches to investigating the evolution and formation of structures as well as to determining structure-property relationships regarding the interfacial nanostructures. In this feature article, we summarize our efforts to exploit computational approaches as well as theoretical modeling in understanding the organization of nanoscale objects at the interfaces of various systems. First, we present the latest research advances and state-of-the-art computational techniques for the simulation of nanoparticles at interfaces. Then we introduce the applications of multiscale modeling and simulation methods as well as theoretical analysis to explore the basic science and the fundamental principles in the interfacial nanoparticle organization, covering the interfaces of polymer, nanoscience, biomacromolecules, and biomembranes. Finally, we discuss future directions to signify the framework in tailoring the interfacial organization of nanoparticles based on the computational design. This feature article could promote further efforts toward fundamental research and the wide applications of theoretical approaches in designing interfacial assemblies for new types of functional nanomaterials and beyond.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Nanoestruturas , Simulação por Computador , Modelos Teóricos , Nanopartículas/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Polímeros/química
19.
Preprint em Inglês | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-508418

RESUMO

COVID-19 severity has been associated with alterations of the gut microbiota. However, the relationship between gut microbiome alterations and COVID-19 prognosis remains elusive. Here, we performed a genome-resolved metagenomic analysis on fecal samples collected from 300 in-hospital COVID-19 patients at time of admission. Among the 2,568 high quality metagenome-assembled genomes (HQMAGs), Redundancy Analysis identified 33 HQMAGs which showed differential distribution among mild, moderate, and severe/critical severity groups. Random Forest model based on these 33 HQMAGs classified patients from different severity groups (average AUC = 0.79). Co-abundance network analysis found that the 33 HQMAGs were organized as two competing guilds. Guild 1 harbored more genes for short-chain fatty acid biosynthesis, and fewer genes for virulence and antibiotic resistance, compared with Guild 2. Random Forest regression showed that these 33 HQMAGs at admission had the capacity to predict 8 clinical parameters, which are predictors for COVID-19 prognosis, at Day 7 in hospital. Moreover, the dominance of Guild 1 over Guild 2 at admission predicted the death/discharge outcome of the critical patients (AUC = 0.92). Random Forest models based on these 33 HQMAGs classified patients with different COVID-19 symptom severity, and differentiated COVID-19 patients from healthy subjects, non-COVID-19, and pneumonia controls in three independent datasets. Thus, this genome-based guild-level signature may facilitate early identification of hospitalized COVID-19 patients with high risk of more severe outcomes at time of admission.

20.
J Neuroendocrinol ; : e13195, 2022 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072992

RESUMO

Sex differences in emotional behaviors and affective disorders have been widely noted, of which sexually dimorphic secretion of gonadal steroid hormones such as estrogen is suspected to play a role. However, the underlying neural mechanisms remain poorly understood. We noted that the expression of estrogen receptor 2 (Esr2, or ERß), a key mediator of estrogen signaling in the brain, was enriched in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN), a region involved in emotion regulation. To investigate whether DRN Esr2 expression confers sex-specific susceptibility or vulnerability in emotional behaviors, we generated a conditional allele of Esr2 that allowed for site-specific deletion of Esr2 in the DRN via local injection of Cre-expressing viruses. DRN-specific Esr2 deletion mildly increased anxiety behaviors in females, as shown by decreased time spent in the center zone of an open field in knockout females. By contrast, DRN Esr2 deletion had no effects on anxiety levels in males, as demonstrated by knockout males spending comparable time in the center zone of an open field and open arms of an elevated-plus maze. Furthermore, in the tail suspension test, DRN Esr2 deletion reduced immobility, a depression-like behavior, in a male-biased manner. Together, these results reveal sex-specific functions of DRN Esr2 in regulating emotional behaviors and suggest targeted manipulation of DRN Esr2 signaling as a potential therapeutic strategy to treat sex-biased affective disorders.

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