Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 92
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 7801, 2020 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385278

RESUMO

Plant growth caused by ambient temperature is thought to be regulated by a complex transcriptional network. A temperature-sensitive peach (Prunus persica) was used to explore the mechanisms behind shoot internode elongation at elevated temperatures. There was a significantly positive correlation between the length of the terminal internode (TIL) and the maximum temperature three days prior to the measuring day. Four critical growth stages (initial period and initial elongation period at lower temperature, rapid growth period and stable growth period at higher temperature) were selected for comparative RNA-seq analysis. About 6.64G clean bases were obtained for each library, and 88.27% of the data were mapped to the reference genome. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) analysis among the three pairwise comparisons resulted in the detection of several genes related to the shoot elongation in temperature-sensitive peach. HSFAs were up-regulated in response to the elevated temperature, while the up-regulated expression of HSPs might influence hormone signaling pathways. Most of DEGs involved in auxin, abscisic acid and jasmonic acid were up-regulated, while some involved in cytokinin and brassinosteroid were down-regulated. Genes related to ethylene, salicylic acid and circadian rhythm were also differentially expressed. Genes related to aquaporins, expansins, pectinesterases and endoglucanase were up-regulated, which would promote cell elongation. These results lay a foundation for further dissection of the regulatory mechanisms underlying shoot elongation at elevated temperatures.

2.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 525(3): 759-766, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145915

RESUMO

Formononetin (FN), a methoxy isoflavone abundant in many plants and herbs, has been evidently proven to possess multiple medicinal properties. Our study aimed to clarify the impact of FN on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury (MIRI) and the involved mechanism. A rat model of MIRI was produced by ligation and loosening of the left anterior descending (LAD) branch of the coronary artery. Rats received 10 and 30 mg/kg of FN when the reperfusion started. At 24 h after surgery, cardiac function, infarct size, and sera levels of the cardiac markers and inflammatory mediators were measured. To mimic the inflammasome activation in cardiomyocytes, neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) were cultured and treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) plus nigericin. Cell death and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined. Myocardial expression and activation of the nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome in rats were examined by western blotting. The level of thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP)-NLRP3 interaction was assessed. FN notably attenuated cardiac dysfunction, infarct size, release of cardiac markers, and elevation of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6. FN alleviated LPS plus nigericin-induced injury and ROS increase in NRCMs. Western blotting revealed that FN suppressed the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and TXNIP-NLRP3 interaction in rats. These findings indicate that FN ameliorated MIRI in rats and inhibited the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, at least partially, attributable to suppression of the ROS-TXNIP-NLRP3 pathway.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 384: 121385, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606253

RESUMO

Recently, clean-up of resistant organic compounds has attracted growing attention. In this study, a novel heterogeneous ultrasound-enhanced sludge biochar catalyst/persulfate (BC/PS/US) process was firstly developed for the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) in water. The results revealed that BC/PS/US process could successfully achieve a positively synergistic effect between sonochemistry and catalytic chemistry on the degradation of BPA compared to its corresponding comparative process. Nearly 98% of BPA could be degraded within 80 min at optimum reaction conditions. The coexisting substances including Cl-, SO42- and NO3- had no obvious inhibition on the BPA degradation, whereas HCO3- and humic acid (HA) had significant inhibition effects on that. PS decomposition of BC/PS/US process was superior to that of BC/PS or US/PS process. Both SO4- and HO participated in the degradation of BPA, but SO4- was predominant radical in the BC/PS/US process. A possible pathway of BPA degradation was proposed, and the BPA molecule was attacked by SO4- and degraded into five kinds of intermediate products through hydroxylation and demethylation processes. This study helps to comprehend the application of sludge biochar catalyst as a persulfate activator for the degradation of organic compounds under ultrasound irradiation, and provides a new strategy in wastewater treatment.

4.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(12): 4211-4221, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840467

RESUMO

The increase of ground-level ozone concentration significantly reduces rice yield, but its effect on grain quality in association with the positions on a panicle was largely unknown. The effects of ozone stress on amylose content and RVA profile of rice grains located at different positions of panicles were studied by using a sunlit gas fumigation platform. Eight varieties representing different types of rice were fumigated under ambient (9 nL·L-1) or elevated ozone (100 nL·L-1) concentrations from transplanting until maturity. The results showed that elevated ozone treatment significantly reduced amylose content, maximum viscosity, hot viscosity, breakdown and cold viscosity by 5.9%, 7.6%, 5.9%, 11.6%, 2.9%, respectively, but increased the setback and gelatinization temperature by 24.9% and 1.0%. There were significant differences among varieties for amylose content and all parameters in RVA profile. The grains located at different positions on a panicle differed in amylose content, maximum viscosity, hot viscosity, breakdown and cold viscosity. The superior grains located at the upper part of a panicle had the highest value and the inferior grains located at the lower part of a panicle had the lowest value. However, the setback in RVA profile showed a different trend, with the superior grains having the lowest setback but inferior grains having the highest setback. In most cases, there were significant interactive effects of ozone by year or ozone by variety on amylose content and RVA profile. No significant ozone by grain position interaction on RVA profile was found, although the responses of superior grains to ozone stress was slightly smaller than those of inferior grains or grains located at the middle part of a panicle. The results demonstrated that ozone fumigation of 100 nL·L-1 during rice growing season deteriorated rice quality, with the magnitude of deterioration varying with growth seasons and varieties and little impacts of grain positions on a panicle.


Assuntos
Oryza , Ozônio , Amilose , Amido , Viscosidade
5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(49): 24463-24469, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740599

RESUMO

From 2013 to 2017, with the implementation of the toughest-ever clean air policy in China, significant declines in fine particle (PM2.5) concentrations occurred nationwide. Here we estimate the drivers of the improved PM2.5 air quality and the associated health benefits in China from 2013 to 2017 based on a measure-specific integrated evaluation approach, which combines a bottom-up emission inventory, a chemical transport model, and epidemiological exposure-response functions. The estimated national population-weighted annual mean PM2.5 concentrations decreased from 61.8 (95%CI: 53.3-70.0) to 42.0 µg/m3 (95% CI: 35.7-48.6) in 5 y, with dominant contributions from anthropogenic emission abatements. Although interannual meteorological variations could significantly alter PM2.5 concentrations, the corresponding effects on the 5-y trends were relatively small. The measure-by-measure evaluation indicated that strengthening industrial emission standards (power plants and emission-intensive industrial sectors), upgrades on industrial boilers, phasing out outdated industrial capacities, and promoting clean fuels in the residential sector were major effective measures in reducing PM2.5 pollution and health burdens. These measures were estimated to contribute to 6.6- (95% CI: 5.9-7.1), 4.4- (95% CI: 3.8-4.9), 2.8- (95% CI: 2.5-3.0), and 2.2- (95% CI: 2.0-2.5) µg/m3 declines in the national PM2.5 concentration in 2017, respectively, and further reduced PM2.5-attributable excess deaths by 0.37 million (95% CI: 0.35-0.39), or 92% of the total avoided deaths. Our study confirms the effectiveness of China's recent clean air actions, and the measure-by-measure evaluation provides insights into future clean air policy making in China and in other developing and polluting countries.

6.
PeerJ ; 7: e7712, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608168

RESUMO

Background: Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) is an important forage material widely used for animal feed production. Ensiling is an effective method for preserving alfalfa, but it has shown some limitations in the production of high-quality alfalfa silage due to its low water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) content and high buffering capacity. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and cellulase are often used as silage additives to promote the ensiling process and enhance fermentation quality. Methods: Experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of ferulic acid esterase (FAE)-producing Lactobacillus fermentum 17SD-2 (LF) and cellulase (CE) on the fermentation quality and microbial community of alfalfa silage. After 60 days of ensiling, analysis of fermentation quality and bacterial diversity in alfalfa silages were conducted using high-performance liquid chromatography and high-throughput sequencing methods. Results: Alfalfa was ensiled with additives (LF, CE, and LF+CE) or without additives for 60 days. All additives increased lactic acid and decreased pH values and ammonia-N contents compared to control. Among all treatments, the combined addition of LF and CE showed lowest pH (4.66) and ammonia-N (NH3-N, 0.57% DM) content, highest contents of lactic acid (LA, 10.51% DM), dry matter (DM, 22.54%) and crude protein (CP, 24.60% DM). Combined addition of LF and CE performed better in reducing neutral detergent fiber (NDF, 29.76% DM) and acid detergent fiber (ADF, 22.86% DM) contents than the addition of LF (33.71, 27.39% DM) or CE (32.07, 25.45% DM) alone. Moreover, the microbial analysis indicated that LF+CE treatments increased the abundance of desirable Lactobacillus and inhibited the growth of detrimental Enterobacter and Clostridia in alfalfa silage. Discussion: Combined addition of FAE-producing LF and CE is more effective than treatments of LF or CE alone in improving fermentation quality and nutrition values of alfalfa silage. This is likely due to a synergistic effect of CE and FAE produced by LF on plant cell wall degradation, indicating that these additives promote each other to improve fiber degradation and silage fermentation. In conclusion, combined addition of FAE-producing LF and CE could be a feasible way to improve alfalfa silage quality.

7.
Exp Cell Res ; 385(1): 111649, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562861

RESUMO

Exosomes are present within the local hypoxic tumor microenvironment, where they are able to transfer microRNAs between cells, thereby, effectively mediating cell-cell communication. Hypoxia plays a pivotal role in the progression of many tumor types such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but how hypoxia-induced exosomes in HCC affect HCC cells remains uncertain. In the present study, we found that hypoxic conditions induced increased exosomal production by HCC cells, and these exosomes, in turn, enhanced the proliferation, migration, and invasiveness in addition to epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HCC cells under normoxic conditions. When we analyzed these exosomes, we found that miR-1273f were present at higher levels under hypoxic conditions, and we determined that this miRNA was responsible for directly replicating the effects of hypoxic exosomes within HCC cells, in addition to activating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. We finally identified LHX6, which is a known inhibitor of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, to be a miR-1273f target. These results, thus, provide evidence that hypoxic conditions can lead HCC cells to express increased exosomes that facilitate miR-1273f expression in normoxic cells, thereby enhancing their malignant phenotype at least in part by targeting LHX6 for downregulation.

8.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(3): 323-330, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282325

RESUMO

Objective To understand the prevalence and metabolic abnormalities of fatty liver disease among adults in Mianyang City,Sichuan Province,and to analyze their influencing factors.Methods Totally 294 603 adults aged 18 years and older were enrolled by using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method in Mianyang City from November 1,2014 to September 30,2015.Fatty liver was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound.The general demographic characteristics,smoking history,drinking history,and history of chronic disease were collected through questionnaires.Meanwhile,10 217 subjects were randomly selected for biochemical tests[fasting plasma gluose(FPG),triacylglycerol(TG),total cholesterol(TC),and alanine aminotransferase(ALT)].Results Of these 294 603 subjects,17 105(5.81%)had fatty liver.After having been age-adjusted based on the results of the sixth national census in 2010,the standardized prevalence was 5.32%.The prevalence was significantly higher in males(6.76%;standardized prevalence:7.24%)than in females(5.09%;standardized prevalence:4.08%)(χ 2=365.814,P<0.001)。The prevalence of fatty liver disease was significantly higher in people with current smokers(8.52%)/ex-smokers(8.89%),occasional alcohol users(6.79%)/regular alcohol users(10.51%)/daily alcohol users(10.62%),and patients with hypertension(12.14%)/diabetes(15.19%)/coronary heart disease(10.22%)than those without corresponding characteristics(all P<0.001).Abnormal increase in body mass index,diastolic blood pressure,FPG,TG,TC,and ALT were risk factors for fatty liver in Logistic regression model.Conclusions The prevalence of fatty liver in adults is relatively low in Mianyang City.Patients with fatty liver usually have varying degrees of abnormal increase in blood lipids,blood glucose,blood pressure,and ALT.Healthy lifestyles and comprehensively assessment of metabolic status are conducive to the prevention and treatment of fatty liver and extrahepatic complications.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/fisiopatologia , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fumar
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 692: 361-370, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351280

RESUMO

In 2013, the Chinese government announced its first air quality standard for PM2.5 (particulate matter with a diameter < 2.5 µm) which requires annual mean PM2.5 concentration to achieve the World Health Organization (WHO) interim target 1 of 35 µg/m3 nationwide including the most polluted region of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH). Here, we explore the future mitigation pathways for the BTH region to investigate the possibility of air quality attainment by 2030 in that region, by developing two energy scenarios (i.e., baseline energy scenario and enhanced energy scenario) and two end-of-pipe scenarios (i.e., business as usual scenario and best available technology scenario) and simulating future air quality for different scenarios using the WRF/CMAQ model. Results showed that without stringent energy and industrial structure adjustment, even the most advanced end-of-pipe technologies did not allow the BTH region to attain the 35 µg/m3 target. Under the most stringent scenario that coupled the enhanced structure adjustment measures and the best available end-of-pipe measures, the emissions of SO2, NOx, PM2.5 and NMVOCs (nonmethane volatile organic compounds) were estimated to be reduced by 85%, 74%, 82% and 72%, respectively, in 2030 over the BTH region. As a result, the simulated annual mean PM2.5 concentrations in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei could decline to 23, 28 and 28 µg/m3, respectively, all of which achieved the 35 µg/m3 target by 2030. Our study identified a feasible pathway to achieve the 2030 target and highlighted the importance of reshaping the energy and industrial structure of the BTH region for future air pollution mitigation.

10.
J Vis Exp ; (147)2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31107455

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to introduce a methodology of the immunostaining of human lung tissues, followed by whole-slide digital scanning and image analysis. Digital scanning is a fast way to scan a stack of slides and produce digital images with high quality. It can produce concordant results with conventional light microscopy (CLM) by pathologists. Furthermore, the availability of digital images makes it possible that the same slide can be concurrently observed by multiple people. Moreover, digital images of slides can be stored in a database, which means the long-term deterioration of glass slides is avoided. The limitations of this technique are as follows. First, it needs high-quality prepared tissue and the original immunohistochemistry (IHC) slides without any damage or excess sealant residue. Second, tumor or nontumor areas should be specified by experienced pathologists before the analysis using software, in order to avoid any confusion about the tumor or nontumor areas during scoring. Third, the operator needs to control the color reproduction throughout the digitization process in whole-slide imaging.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 112: 108735, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970525

RESUMO

Sodium ferulate (SF) is the sodium salt of ferulic acid which is an active ingredient of Radix Angelica Sinensis and Ligusticum chuanxiong hort. Here, we investigated SF inhibition in a rat model of myocardial hypertrophy induced by coarctation of the abdominal aorta. Following coarctation, rats were given SF (20, 40, and 80 mg/kg/day) for 25 consecutive days. We characterized myocardial hypertrophy using myocardial hypertrophic parameters, histopathology, and gene expression of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) -a gene related to myocardial hypertrophy. We detected the levels of angiotensin II (Ang II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1), protein kinase C beta (PKC-ß), Raf-1, extracellular regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2), and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) in myocardium. Notably, coarctation of the abdominal aorta increases myocardial hypertrophic parameters, cardiac myocyte diameter, the concentration of Ang II and ET-1 in myocardium, and gene expression of ANF. SF significantly ameliorates myocardial hypertrophy caused by coarctation of the abdominal aorta; reduces concentrations of Ang II and ET-1; suppresses the overexpression of ANF, PKC-ß, Raf-1, and ERK1/2; and increases the expression of MKP-1. These results indicate that SF alleviates myocardial hypertrophy induced by coarctation of the abdominal aorta, and these protective effects could be related to the inhibition of PKC and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Coartação Aórtica/complicações , Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Cumáricos/uso terapêutico , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Miocárdio/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Animais , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Ácidos Cumáricos/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 32(1(Special)): 383-389, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30852474

RESUMO

.This study aimed to investigate the hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities of volatile oils from Michelia martini Levl. The antioxidant property of volatile oils from Michelia martini in vitro was investigated by establishment of various systems. High fat diet induced rats were used to assess the hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities of Michelia martini volatile oils in vivo. The level of total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in serum, and the activities of catalase, malondialdehyde, super oxide dismutase and glutathione in liver of rats were assayed by standard procedures. Our results showed that Michelia martini exhibits strong hypolipidemic and antioxidant activities both in vitro and vivo. Our data were also supplemented with histopathological studies on liver tissues and aorta sections of rats.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Hipolipemiantes/farmacologia , Magnoliaceae/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Anfotericina B/toxicidade , Animais , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Hiperlipidemias/prevenção & controle , Hipolipemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Picratos/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Óleos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
13.
Environ Sci Technol ; 52(21): 12905-12914, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30249091

RESUMO

As the largest energy infrastructure in China, the power sector consumed approximately half of China's coal over the past decade and threatened air quality and greenhouse gas (GHG) abatement targets. In this work, we assessed the evolution of coal-fired power plants and associated emissions in China during 2010-2030 by using a unit-based emission projection model, which integrated the historical power plant information, turnover of the future power plant fleet, and evolution of end-of-pipe control technologies. We found that, driven by stringent environmental legislation, SO2, NO x, and PM2.5 (particulate matter less than 2.5 µm in diameter) emissions from coal-fired power plants decreased by 49%, 45%, and 24%, respectively, during 2010-2015, compared to 15% increase in CO2 emissions. In contrast to ever-increasing CO2 emissions until 2030 under current energy development planning, we found that aggressive energy development planning could curb CO2 emissions from the peak before 2030. Owing to the implementation of a "near zero" emission control policy, we projected emissions of air pollutants will significantly decrease during 2016-2030. Early retirement of small and low-efficiency power plants would further reduce air pollutants and CO2 emissions. Our study explored various mitigation pathways for China's coal-fired power plants, which could reduce coal consumption, air pollutants, and CO2 emissions and improve energy efficiency.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , China , Carvão Mineral , Centrais Elétricas
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1479, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30618767

RESUMO

As the major degradation pathway for long-lived proteins and organelles, macroautophagy is a decisive factor for the survival and longevity of cells. The existing evidence indicates that the disruption of substrate proteolysis in autolysosomes is the main mechanism underlying autophagy failure in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, the restoration of normal lysosomal proteolysis and autophagy efficiency is a novel therapeutic strategy in the treatment of AD. In this study, 9-month-old APPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic (APP/PS1) mice were administered Dendrobium nobile Lindl. alkaloids (DNLA, 40 and 80 mg/kg) or Metformin (80 mg/kg), and age-matched wild-type mice were administered an isovolumic vehicle orally once a day for 4 months. The results demonstrated that DNLA significantly improved learning and memory function in APP/PS1 transgenic mice in the Morris water maze. Furthermore, DNLA could increase the expression of the v-ATPase A1 subunit to facilitate lysosomal acidification, prompt the dissociation of the cation independent-mannose-phosphate receptor from cathepsin (cat) D, promote the proteolytic maturation of cat D, increase the degradation of accumulated autophagic vacuoles (AVs) and ß-amyloid (Aß) contained in the AVs, and alleviate neuronal and synaptic injury. These findings demonstrate that DNLA improves learning and memory function in APP/PS1 mice, and the mechanisms appear to be due to the promotion of intracellular Aß degradation by increasing the protein level of v-ATPase A1 and then improving autolysosomal acidification and proteolysis.

16.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 102: 582-588, 2018 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241062

RESUMO

Exosomes, as potential cancer diagnostic markers have received close attention in recent years. However, there is still a lack of simple and convenient methods to detect and quantitate exosomes. Herein, we used a simple paper-supported aptasensor based on luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) from upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) to gold nanorods (Au NRs) for the accessible determination of exosomes. When exosomes are present, the two sections of the aptamer can combine with the CD63 protein on the surface of exosomes and form a conjugation to close the distance between UCNPs and Au NRs, which initiates the LRET and promotes luminescence quenching. These variations can be monitored by the homemade image system, and the green channel intensities of obtained colored images were extracted with photoshop software to quantify the luminescence. As a result, the quenching of the luminescence of the UCNPs is linearly correlated to the concentration of the exosomes (in the range of 1.0 × 104 ~ 1.0 × 108 particles/µL), enabling the detection and quantification of the exosomes. Such approach can reach a low detection limit of exosomes (1.1 × 103 particles/µL) and effectively reduce the background signal by using UCNPs as a luminescent material. This study provides an efficient and practical approach to the detection of exosomes, which should lead to point-of-care testing in clinical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Exossomos/química , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ouro/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Luminescência , Nanotubos/química
17.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 32(1)2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28303600

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the value of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts (HCs) from liver simple cysts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients underwent MR imaging. Twenty-nine patients had 29 hydatid cysts and 17 patients had liver simple cysts. Thirteen patients with hydatid cysts and seven patients with liver simple cysts were evaluated with cyst fluid biochemical analysis. The concentration of glucose, protein, calcium ion (Ca2+ ) electrolyte, macroscopic appearance, and parasitological sediment were evaluated in this study. RESULTS: In the respect of biochemical analysis cyst fluid, the concentration of glucose and calcium ion of HCs was significantly higher than that of the liver simple cysts. In the respect of DWI, in the b 1000 s/mm2 value in respect of mean application data center (ADC) values, there was a statistically significant difference between HCs group (the mean value was (2.50±0.79)×10-3  mm/s2 ) and liver simple cysts group (the mean value was (2.92±0.66)×10-3  mm/s2 ). However, no statistically significant results were obtained in the ADC measurements of b 500 s/mm2 between two groups. CONCLUSION: The analysis of cyst fluid combined with the measurement of ADC values in the b 1000 s/mm2 value could be considered a promising parameter as an alternative to the differential diagnosis of hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts.


Assuntos
Líquido Cístico/química , Líquido Cístico/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Equinococose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Equinococose Hepática/metabolismo , Adulto , Cálcio/análise , Feminino , Glucose/análise , Humanos , Fígado/química , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
18.
Lasers Med Sci ; 33(1): 89-93, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28986651

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of treating nevus of Ota by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser in Laser Cosmetology Center of Department of Dermatology, the Second Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University. The data of 1168 patients of nevus of Ota were analyzed retrospectively, which included the correlation among lesion color, treatment sessions, sex, age, lesion types, and effect. The Q-switched (QS) Nd:YAG laser system had a higher number of treatment sessions which were positively associated with a better response to treatment. Other variables, including gender, age, the categorization of the lesion according to Tanino's classification, and the color of the lesion, were not associated with the response to treatment. The treatment of nevus of Ota with QS Nd:YAG laser is safe and effective, with rare complications.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Nevo de Ota/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Nevo de Ota/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Exp Ther Med ; 14(6): 5305-5312, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29285057

RESUMO

G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 (TGR5) serves a key function in regulating glycometabolism. TGR5 is highly expressed in the mitochondria of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and downregulates adenosine triphosphate synthesis via the bile acid-TGR5-cyclic adenosine monophosphate-2-iodothyronine deiodinase (D2)-triiodothyronine-uncoupling protein pathway, thus regulating energy homeostasis and reducing body weight. Chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), the primary bile acid, is a natural ligand of TGR5. The present study aimed to characterize the ability of CDCA to reduce high-fat diet-induced obesity and improve glucose tolerance. A mouse model of diet-induced obesity was constructed. The results demonstrated that a high-fat diet significantly increased the weight of mice after 10 weeks (P<0.05), but following the addition of CDCA and continued feeding for another 10 weeks, a decrease in weight was detected and no significant difference in final weight was observed between the high fat diet group treated with CDCA and the group fed a normal diet. Furthermore, CDCA treatment significantly increased glucose tolerance (P<0.001, P<0.01 and P<0.01 at 15, 40 and 60 min after glucose injection, respectively) and significantly decreased serum insulin levels compared with mice fed a high-fat diet alone. Staining of the liver with hematoxylin and eosin and oil red O revealed that the CDCA-treated group exhibited significantly lower fat accumulation in BAT and WAT compared with mice fed a high-fat diet alone (P<0.001). Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that the expression of D2 activation system-related factors was significantly increased in BAT from mice treated with CDCA (P<0.001), confirming the role of TGR5 in modulating high-fat diet-induced obesity. In addition, CDCA inhibited adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells and inhibited ligand-stimulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) transcriptional activity. These results suggest that CDCA may prevent high-fat diet-induced obesity and hyperglycemia, and that these beneficial effects are mediated via the activation of TGR5 and inhibition of PPARγ transcriptional activity.

20.
Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2017: 2288-2291, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29060354

RESUMO

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been successfully applied to investigate neuron pathological changes. Since the high dimension of observation data, sparse feature learning plays an important role in overcoming the challenge of high variable dimension and low sample size problem among the disease identification. In this paper, sparse Elastic Net (EN) was used to extract low dimension features and to identify the Alzheimer's disease (AD). Compare with principal component analysis (PCA) method, the EN method can solve the problems of less samples and high correlations between variables. For those variables sharing the same biological phenomenon, it selected whole groups into the model automatically once one variable among them was selected. Unlike other subspace learning methods, the proposed method used less man-made feature setting. The problems of dimension reduction and classification were conducted into a similar formulation. Experimental results illustrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Análise de Componente Principal , Tamanho da Amostra
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA