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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 987-991, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841766

RESUMO

Objective: To study the relationship between oral disease and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older adult populations in China. Methods: The data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) done between 2013 and 2015 were analyzed. A total of 3828 middle-aged and older adults showing no depressive symptoms in an assessment with the 10-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) were selected as the subjects of observation, and oral disease was taken as the dependent variable. Changes in depressive symptoms in the population were tracked in 2015, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the relationship between oral diseases and depressive symptoms. Results: The detection rate of depressive symptoms was 29.3% in middle-aged and older adults with oral diseases, and that of middle-aged and older adults without oral diseases was 20.4%, the difference being statistically significant ( P<0.001). After controlling for confounding factors, Cox proportional hazards model analysis found an association between oral diseases and depressive symptoms (hazard ratio [ HR]=0.683, 95% confidence interval [ CI]: 0.583-0.800). It was more likely for middle-aged and older women ( HR=0.708, 95% CI: 0.573-0.874) with oral diseases to develop depressive symptoms than men ( HR=0.644, 95% CI: 0.506-0.819) did ( P<0.05). Conclusion: Oral diseases in the middle-aged and older adult populations tended to lead to depressive symptoms, and women showed higher rate than men did. Prevention and control measures should be taken actively in the course of oral disease treatment to promote mental health of middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Depressão , Aposentadoria , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2021: 1957863, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34824876

RESUMO

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are considered as the major constituents that cause hepatoxicity in Senecio plants. PAs can be found in about 3%-5% of the world's flowering plants. Nowadays, the identification method of PAs by separation and preparation was too slow and lacked effective power. A rapid method to identify PAs in plants must be developed. Based on the fragmentation regularity, the hepatoxic PAs and nonhepatoxic PAs were characterized by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The detailed structures of PAs in five Senecio plants were identified based on tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) spectrum and chemical research information. In the present study, some new fragmentation regularities of PAs have been found, such as product ions at m/z 122, m/z 140 and m/z 124, m/z 142, which have been discovered as the characteristic fragments of lactone and mono-esterase type of saturated PAs, respectively. Moreover, two product ions at m/z 120 and m/z 138 have been reported as the characteristic fragments of unsaturated PAs. Some of them were found in Senecio species for the first time, and some of them may be new nature product or even new compound. Finally, we classified these plants into five categories based on PAs which were identified in the present study; the result corresponded with the classification by morphology. In addition, we have found some constituents that have odd molecular weight number only in Senecio species but not in Ligularia species; the detailed structures of these non-PAs constituents need penetrating study. LC-MS was rapid and sensitive method for detecting and identifying PAs in plants. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids were the toxiferous constituent of Senecio plants. In this study, we found that PAs can be used as the characteristic constituent of Senecio species.

3.
Front Nutr ; 8: 729437, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746205

RESUMO

Following a ban on antibiotic use in the feed industry, trials on the effects of various immunostimulants (prebiotics, probiotics, antimicrobial peptides [AMPs], and herbs) on the survival, growth, immunity, and disease control of farmed fish in aquaculture are being rapidly conducted. The wide variety of microbes with roles in nutrition, metabolism, and immunity in the fish intestine is the primary factor affecting the fermentability and functionality of dietary immunostimulants. For this reason, the dynamic interactions between immunostimulants and the intestinal microbiome may influence fish health. In this study, the effects of two agriculturally important AMPs (nisin and cecropin) and one herb (Penthorum chinense) on the gut microbiome of common carp were investigated, using 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The results suggest that all three substances can alter the richness, diversity, and composition of the intestinal microbiota of common carp. P. chinense had a similar effect on the gut microbiota of common carp to that of nisin, and both promoted more striking changes in the gut microbiota community than did cecropin. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria was lower in the nisin and P. chinense groups than in the control and cecropin groups. The relative abundance of Bacteroidetes in the nisin, cecropin, and P. chinense groups was markedly increased, compared with that of the control group. Additionally, nisin, cecropin, and P. chinense showed obvious anti-inflammatory effects on the fish intestine, which was reflected by significantly increasing the expression levels of two anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and TGF-ß. Some digestive enzyme activities in the fish intestine were also significantly enhanced by supplementing these three substances in feeds.

4.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 168: 252-262, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656861

RESUMO

WRKY transcription factors play a role in a variety of biological processes. Several studies have revealed that abiotic stress regulates the transcription of a large number of WRKY genes. In this study, we report the identification of a novel 'SAPK10-WRKY87-ABF1' biological pathway, through which they harmoniously enhance drought and salinity tolerance. We generated OsWRKY87-overexpressing transgenic rice and found that the transgenic seedlings exhibited significantly improved drought and salinity stress tolerance. Subcellular localization in rice seedling protoplast revealed that OsWRKY87-GFP fusion protein mostly accumulated in the nucleus, suggesting that OsWRKY87 is a nucleus-localized protein, in line with the predicted function of OsWRKY87 as a transcription factor. In vivo interaction between SAPK10 and WRKY87 was demonstrated by Yeast two-hybrid-assay. In addition, phosphorylation assays showed that SAPK10 exhibits autophosphorylation activity on the 177th serine, enabling it to phosphorylate WRKY87. OsWRKY87 functioned as a transcriptional initiator, according to a yeast one-hybrid assay and a luciferase assay. Remarkably, gel mobility shift assay showed that phosphorylated WRKY87 enhances its DNA-binding ability to the W-box cis-element of ABF1 promoter and activated its transcription, thereby elevating the ABF1 transcription and improving drought and salinity tolerance. Overall, our findings revealed a novel 'SAPK10- WRKY87-ABF1' module, which synergistically interacts to improve drought and salt tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa).

5.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 2436120, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594370

RESUMO

In view of the intelligent demand of tennis line examination, this paper performs a systematic analysis on the intelligent recognition of tennis line examination. Then, a tennis line recognition method based on machine vision is proposed. In this paper, the color region of the image recognition region is divided based on the region growth, and the rough estimation of the court boundary is realized. In order to achieve the effect of camera calibration, a fast camera calibration method which can be used for a variety of court types is proposed. On the basis of camera calibration, a tennis line examination and segmentation system based on machine vision analysis is constructed, and the experimental results are verified by design experiments. The results show that the machine vision analysis-based intelligent segmentation system of tennis line examination has high recognition accuracy and can meet the actual needs of tennis line examination.


Assuntos
Tênis , Inteligência Artificial , Calibragem
6.
Preprint em Inglês | bioRxiv | ID: ppbiorxiv-461766

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has prevailed all over the world and emerged as a significant public health emergency. The rapid outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 is largely due to its high transmission capacity. Studies implied that the cold chain logistics would be a potential route for the spread of SARS-CoV-2. The low temperature condition of the cold chain is conducive to survival and transmission of virus. Thus, the virus disinfection in cold chain should not be neglected for controlling COVID-19. However, due to the low temperature feature of the cold-chain, the virus disinfecting methods suitable in cold chain are limited. Here the high-energy electron beam irradiation is proposed to disinfect the SARS-CoV-2 in cold chain logistics. We evaluated the impact of high-energy electron beam irradiation on porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), an enveloped virus surrogate for SARS-CoV-2, and explored the possible mechanism of the action of high-energy electron beam irradiation on PEDV. The irradiation dose of 10 kGy inactivated 98.1 % PEDV on the both top and bottom surfaces of various packaging materials under cold chain frozen condition. High-energy electron beam inactivated PEDV by inducing damages on viral genome or even capsid.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125930, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492860

RESUMO

The pollution of heavy metals and organic compounds has received increased attention in recent years. In the current study, a novel biochar-based iron oxide composite (FeYBC) was successfully synthesized using pomelo peel and ferric chloride solution through one-step process at moderate temperature. Results clearly demonstrate that FeYBC exhibited more efficient removal of Cr(VI) and/or phenol compared with the pristine biochar, and the maximum adsorption amounts of Cr(VI) and phenol by FeYBC could reach 24.37 and 39.32 mg g-1, respectively. A series of characterization data suggests that several iron oxides such as Fe2O3, Fe0, FeOOH and Fe3O4 were formed on the FeYBC surface as well as oxygen-containing groups. Thermodynamics study indicates that Cr(VI) and phenol adsorption by FeYBC were endothermic and exothermic processes, respectively. Langmuir adsorption isotherm and pseudo-second order models could better explain the Cr(VI) and phenol adsorption behaviors over FeYBC. The Cr(VI) adsorption might be primarily achieved through the ion exchange and surface complexation and reduction, whereas the π-π interaction and electron donor-acceptor complex mainly contributed to phenol adsorption. The findings indicate that the biochar-based iron oxide composites material was an efficient adsorbent for the remediation of industrial effluents containing Cr(VI) and phenol.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Cromo , Compostos Férricos , Cinética , Fenol , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
8.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153687, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aesculin (AES), an effective component of Cortex fraxini, is a hydroxycoumarin glucoside that has diverse biological properties. The nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat-containing receptor, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has been heavily interwoven with the development of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI). Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether AES makes a difference to the changes of the NLRP3 inflammasome in MIRI. PURPOSE: We used rats that were subjected to MIRI and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) that underwent oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) process to investigate what impacts AES exerts on MIRI and the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. METHODS: The establishment of MIRI model in rats was conducted using the left anterior descending coronary artery ligation for 0.5 h ischemia and then untying the knot for 4 h of reperfusion. After reperfusion, AES were administered intraperitoneally using 10 and 30 mg/kg doses. We evaluated the development of reperfusion ventricular arrhythmias, hemodynamic changes, infarct size, and the biomarkers in myocardial injury. The inflammatory mediators and pyroptosis were also assessed. AES at the concentrations of 1, 3, and 10 µM were imposed on the NRCMs immediately before the restoration process. We also determined the cell viability and cell death in the NRCMs exposed to OGD/R insult. Furthermore, we also analyzed the levels of proteins that affect the NLRP3 inflammasome activation, pyroptosis, and the AKT serine/threonine kinase (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3ß)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway via western blotting. RESULTS: We found that AES notably attenuated reperfusion arrhythmias and myocardia damage, improved the hemodynamic function, and ameliorated the inflammatory response and pyroptosis of cardiomyocytes in rats and NRCMs. Additionally, AES reduced the NLRP3 inflammasome activation in rats and NRCMs. AES also enhanced the phosphorylation of Akt and GSK3ß, while suppressing the phosphorylation of NF-κB. Moreover, the allosteric Akt inhibitor, MK-2206, abolished the AES-mediated cardioprotection and the NLRP3 inflammasome suppression. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that AES effectively protected cardiomyocytes against MIRI by suppressing the NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis, which may relate to the upregulated Akt activation and disruption of the GSK3ß/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Esculina , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Piroptose , Ratos
9.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21262214

RESUMO

BackgroundAlthough effective vaccines have been developed against COVID-19, the level of neutralizing antibodies (Nabs) induced after vaccination in the real world is still unknown. To evaluate the level and persistence of NAbs induced by two inactivated COVID-19 vaccines in China. Methods and findingsSerum samples were collected from 1,335 people aged 18 and over who were vaccinated with COVID-19 inactivated vaccine in Peking University Peoples Hospital from January 19 to June 23, 2021, for detection of COVID-19 antibodies. The WHO standard of SARS-CoV-2 NAbs was detected. The coefficients of variation between the detection results and the true values of the NAbs detected by the WHO standard were all lower than the WHO international standard 3% after the dilution of the original and the dilution of the theoretical concentrations of 500 IU/mL, 250 IU/mL, 125 IU/mL, 72.5 IU/mL, 36.25 IU/mL and 18.125 IU/mL. On day 11-70, the positive rate of NAbs against COVID-19 was 82% to 100%; From day 71 to 332, the positive rate of NAbs decreased to 27%. The level of NAbs was significantly higher at 3-8 Weeks than at 0-3 Weeks. There was a high linear correlation between NAbs and IgG antibodies in 1335 vaccinated patients. NAbs levels were decreased in 31 of 38 people (81.6%) at two time points after the second dose of vaccine. There was no significant difference in age between the group with increased and decreased neutralizing antibody levels ({chi}2 =-0.034, P>0.05). The positive rate of NAbs in the two-dose vaccine group (77.3%) was significantly higher than that in the one-dose group (18.1%), with statistical difference ({chi}2=312.590, P<0.001). A total of 206 people who were 11-70 days after receiving the second dose were tested and divided into three groups: 18-40 years old, 41-60 years old and >60 years old. The positive rates of NAbs in three groups (18-40 years old, 41-60 years old and >60 years old) were 95.14%, 78.43% and 81.8%, respectively. The positive rate of NAbs was significantly higher in 18-40 years old than in 41-60 years old ({chi}2=12.547, P <0.01). The titer of NAbs in 18-40 years old group was significantly higher than that in 41-60 years old group (t=-0.222, P <0.01). The positive rate of NAbs in male group (89.32%) was lower than in female (91.26%), but there was no significant difference ({chi}2=0.222, P >0.05). ConclusionsThe positive rate of NAbs was the highest from 10 to 70 days after the second dose of vaccine, and the positive rate gradually decreased as time went by. There was a high linear correlation between COVID-19 NAbs and IgM/IgG antibodies in vaccinators, suggesting that in cases where NAbs cannot be detected, IgM/IgG antibodies can be detected instead. The level of NAbs produced after vaccination was affected by age, but not by gender. The highest levels of NAbs were produced between shots 21 to 56 days apart, suggesting that 21 to 56 days between shots is suitable for vaccination. Author summaryO_ST_ABSWhy was this study done?C_ST_ABSO_LIAt present, the inactivated vaccines that have been approved to market in China have passed clinical trials to prove their effectiveness and safety. But the level of neutralizing antibodies induced by vaccination in the real world remains unclear. C_LIO_LISerological testing for neutralizing antibodies against COVID-19 is important for assessing vaccine and treatment responses and comparing multiple drug candidates. We assessed the levels of neutralizing antibodies produced in populations receiving inactivated vaccines and assessed the persistence of these vaccines in producing COVID-19 neutralizing antibodies in healthy adults. C_LI What did the researchers do and find?O_LIWe collected serum samples from 1,335 people aged 18 and above who had received COVID-19 vaccine in Peking University Peoples Hospital, and divided them into two groups according to one dose of inactivated vaccine and two doses of inactivated vaccine. C_LIO_LIOur study found that the positive rate of NAbs was 66.2% in adults who received one or two doses of inactivated vaccine and 77.3% in adults who received two doses of inactivated vaccine in the real world. C_LIO_LIFrom 11 to 70 days after the second dose of vaccine, the positive rate of neutralizing antibodies against COVID-19 was 82-100%; On days 71-332, the positive rate of neutralizing antibodies decreased to 27%. C_LIO_LIThe titer and the positive rate of NAbs in 18-40 years old group were significantly higher than that in 41-60 years old group. C_LI What do these findings mean?O_LIWhat is novel is we observed that in the real world, the positive rate of neutralization antibody was the highest at 10 to 70 days after the second vaccination, and with the extension of the vaccination time, the positive rate of antibody gradually decreased. Therefore, we recommend that the third dose of vaccine be administered at day 61 to day 70 for COVID-19 neutralizing antibodies levels. C_LIO_LIWe observed that there was a high linear correlation between COVID-19 neutralization antibodies and COVID-19 IgM/IgG antibodies in vaccinators, suggesting that in cases where NAbs cannot be detected, COVID-19 IgM/IgG antibodies can be detected instead. C_LIO_LIIn our manuscript, we found that the titer and positive rate of neutralizing antibodies in 18-40 years old group were higher than those in 41-60 years old group. The level of neutralizing antibodies produced after vaccination was affected by age, but not by gender. C_LIO_LIWe also observed that the highest levels of NAbs were produced between shots 21 to 35 days apart, suggesting that 21 to 35 days between shots is suitable for vaccination. C_LI

10.
F1000Res ; 10: 203, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34249337

RESUMO

Background: Zuotai (mainly ß-HgS)-containing 70 Wei-Zhen-Zhu-Wan (70W, Rannasangpei) is a famous Tibetan medicine for treating cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases.  We have shown that 70W protected against CCl 4 hepatotoxicity.  CCl 4 is metabolized via cytochrome P450 (CYP) to produce reactive metabolites. Whether 70W has any effect on CYPs is unknown and such effects should be compared with mercury compounds for safety evaluation.   Methods: Mice were given clinical doses of 70W (0.15-1.5 g/kg, po), Zuotai (30 mg/kg, po), and compared to HgCl 2 (33.6 mg/kg, po) and MeHg (3.1 mg/kg, po) for seven days. Liver RNA and protein were isolated for qPCR and Western-blot analysis. Results: 70W and Zuotai had no effects on hepatic mRNA expression of Cyp1a2, Cyp2b10, Cyp3a11, Cyp4a10 and Cyp7a1, and corresponding nuclear receptors [aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), pregnane X receptor (PXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα); farnesoid X receptor (FXR)]. In comparison, HgCl 2 and MeHg increased mRNA expression of Cyp1a2, Cyp2b10, Cyp4a10 and Cyp7a1 except for Cyp3a11, and corresponding nuclear receptors except for PXR. Western-blot confirmed mRNA results, showing increases in CYP1A2, CYP2B1, CYP2E1, CYP4A and CYP7A1 by HgCl 2 and MeHg only, and all treatments had no effects on CYP3A. Conclusions: Zuotai and Zuotai-containing 70W at clinical doses had minimal influence on hepatic CYPs and corresponding nuclear receptors, while HgCl 2 and MeHg produced significant effects.  Thus, the use of total Hg content to evaluate the safety of HgS-containing 70W is inappropriate.


Assuntos
Compostos de Mercúrio , Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Animais , Cloretos , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450 , Fígado , Cloreto de Mercúrio , Camundongos
11.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21255519

RESUMO

BackgroundThe number of adults across the globe with significant depressive symptoms has grown substantially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The extant literature supports exercise as a potent behavior that can significantly reduce depressive symptoms in clinical and non-clinical populations. ObjectiveUsing a suite of mobile applications, at-home exercise, including high intensity interval training (HIIT) and/or yoga, was completed to reduce depressive symptoms in the general population in the early months of the pandemic. MethodsA 6-week, parallel, multi-arm, randomized controlled trial was completed with 4 groups: [1] HIIT, [2] Yoga, [3] HIIT+Yoga, and [4] waitlist control (WLC). Low active, English-speaking, non-retired Canadians aged 18-64 years were included. Depressive symptoms were measured at baseline and weekly following randomization. ResultsA total of 334 participants were randomized to one of four groups. No differences in depressive symptoms were evident at baseline. The results of latent growth modeling showed significant treatment effects for each active group compared to the WLC, with small effect sizes in the community-based sample of participants. Treatment groups were not significantly different from each other. Effect sizes were very large when restricting analyses only to participants with high depressive symptoms at baseline. ConclusionsAt-home exercise is a potent behavior to improve mental health in adults during the pandemic, especially in those with increased levels of depressive symptoms. Promotion of at-home exercise may be a global public health target with important personal, social, and economic implications as the world emerges scathed by the pandemic. Trial registration numberclinicaltrials.gov #NCT04400279 Summary BoxThis randomized controlled trial provides strong evidence suggesting that at-home app-based exercise in various forms (high intensity interval training or yoga or their combination) can significantly improve depression symptoms over a 6-week period in community adults during the pandemic. When the sample was restricted to only those with high baseline depression symptoms, the weekly effects were substantially large. At-home exercise during the COVID-19 pandemic proved to be an impactful and affordable health behavior in which community living adults, especially those with high depression symptoms, can engage to bolster their mental health. In light of the long-term mental health consequences of COVID-19 with which many adults are expected to struggle, even after a return to normal, promoting and supporting programming in communities at the individual level will emerge as a necessary health policy initiative.

12.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21252871

RESUMO

Background and AimsCOVID-19 patients may have asymptomatic hyperlipasemia without abdominal imaging findings or abdominal pain. In addition, primary and secondary pancreatitis have been described in COVID-19 patients. There is limited information on how the groups compare in outcomes. The aim is to compare outcomes among these groups. MethodsThis is a retrospective study from 12 hospitals within one healthcare system examining outcomes between hospitalized COVID-19 patients with a lipase <3x upper limit of normal (ULN), asymptomatic hyperlipasemia (>3x ULN), secondary pancreatitis (typical respiratory COVID-19 symptoms and found to have pancreatitis), and primary pancreatitis (presenting with pancreatitis). ResultsOf 11,883 patients admitted with COVID-19, 1,560 patients were included: 1,155 COVID-19 patients with a normal serum lipase (control group), 270 with an elevated lipase <3x ULN, 46 patients with asymptomatic hyperlipasemia with a lipase 3xULN, 57 patients with secondary pancreatitis, and 32 patients with primary pancreatitis. On adjusted multivariate analysis, the elevated lipase <3x ULN and asymptomatic hyperlipasemia groups had worse outcomes. The mortality was OR1.6 (95% CI 1.2-2.2) and 1.1 (95% CI 0.5-2.3), respectively. The need for mechanical ventilation was OR 2.8 (95% CI 1.2-2.1) and 2.8 (95% CI 1.5-5.2), respectively. Longer length of stay was OR 1.5 (95%CI 1.1-2.0) and 3.16 (95%CI 1.5-6.5), respectively. ConclusionCOVID-19 patients with an elevated lipase< 3x ULN and asymptomatic hyperlipasemia have generally worse outcomes than those with pancreatitis. This could be attributed to extrapancreatic causes (liver failure, renal failure, enteritis, etc), which may signify a more severe course of clinical disease.

13.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(1): 69-76, 2021 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663666

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the current status of nutritional knowledge and skills of fast-food takeout practitioners in Chengdu City,so as to provide evidence for nutritional literacy education among takeout practitioners.Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 832 employees of fast-food takeout restaurants in Chengdu from April to September in 2019 through a multi-stage random sampling strategy.Results The awareness rate of nutritional knowledge of fast-food takeout practitioners in Chengdu was 77.28%,and the correct rates of answers to daily oil intake for adults,daily drinking water for adults and daily salt intake for adults in the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents were respectively 17.43%,22.60% and 25.36%.In addition,the proportion of practitioners with the ability to estimate the recommended intake of food for a meal,the ability to estimate condiments intake and the ability to interpret nutrition labels were 8.77%,8.77% and 15.02%,respectively.The awareness rate of nutritional knowledge was the lowest(71.47%)in the practitioners aged≤25 and the highest(84.53%)in those aged 26-39,and the difference was statistically significant(χ 2 =14.419,P=0.001).High awareness rate of nutritional knowledge was found in the practitioners of Han ethnic group(78.45%)compared with those of ethnic minorities(57.14%)(χ 2=10.346,P=0.001).Besides,the practitioners with a high degree of education showed high awareness rate of nutritional knowledge( [Formula: see text]=36.514,P<0.001),and the correct rate of chefs(17.86%)was higher than that(12.82%)of food matching staff(χ 2=4.068,P=0.044).Conclusions The fast-food takeout practitioners in Chengdu generally have good nutritional knowledge while have some knowledge gaps.At the same time,the nutrition-related skills of takeout practitioners are not good.We should focus on strengthening the training of takeout restaurant employees for the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents and nutrition labeling-related knowledge,carry out targeted nutritional knowledge training,and comprehensively strengthen the training of nutrition-related skills.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Restaurantes , Adulto , Humanos , Estado Nutricional , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
PeerJ ; 9: e10961, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33763299

RESUMO

Background: Heat shock factors (HSFs) play important roles during normal plant growth and development and when plants respond to diverse stressors. Although most studies have focused on the involvement of HSFs in the response to abiotic stresses, especially in model plants, there is little research on their participation in plant growth and development or on the HSF (PpHSF) gene family in peach (Prunus persica). Methods: DBD (PF00447), the HSF characteristic domain, was used to search the peach genome and identify PpHSFs. Phylogenetic, multiple alignment and motif analyses were conducted using MEGA 6.0, ClustalW and MEME, respectively. The function of PpHSF5 was confirmed by overexpression of PpHSF5 into Arabidopsis. Results: Eighteen PpHSF genes were identified within the peach genome. The PpHSF genes were nonuniformly distributed on the peach chromosomes. Seventeen of the PpHSFs (94.4%) contained one or two introns, except PpHSF18, which contained three introns. The in silico-translated PpHSFs were classified into three classes (PpHSFA, PpHSFB and PpHSFC) based on multiple alignment, motif analysis and phylogenetic comparison with HSFs from Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa. Dispersed gene duplication (DSD at 67%) mainly contributed to HSF gene family expansion in peach. Promoter analysis showed that the most common cis-elements were the MYB (abiotic stress response), ABRE (ABA-responsive) and MYC (dehydration-responsive) elements. Transcript profiling of 18 PpHSFs showed that the expression trend of PpHSF5 was consistent with shoot length changes in the cultivar 'Zhongyoutao 14'. Further analysis of the PpHSF5 was conducted in 5-year-old peach trees, Nicotiana benthamiana and Arabidopsis thaliana, respectively. Tissue-specific expression analysis showed that PpHSF5 was expressed predominantly in young vegetative organs (leaf and apex). Subcellular localization revealed that PpHSF5 was located in the nucleus in N. benthamiana cells. Two transgenic Arabidopsis lines were obtained that overexpressed PpHSF5. The root length and the number of lateral roots in the transgenic seedlings were significantly less than in WT seedlings and after cultivation for three weeks. The transgenic rosettes were smaller than those of the WT at 2-3 weeks. The two transgenic lines exhibited a dwarf phenotype three weeks after transplanting, although there was no significant difference in the number of internodes. Moreover, the PpHSF5-OE lines exhibited enhanced thermotolerance. These results indicated that PpHSF5 might be act as a suppresser of growth and development of root and aerial organs.

15.
Estee Y Cramer; Evan L Ray; Velma K Lopez; Johannes Bracher; Andrea Brennen; Alvaro J Castro Rivadeneira; Aaron Gerding; Tilmann Gneiting; Katie H House; Yuxin Huang; Dasuni Jayawardena; Abdul H Kanji; Ayush Khandelwal; Khoa Le; Anja Muhlemann; Jarad Niemi; Apurv Shah; Ariane Stark; Yijin Wang; Nutcha Wattanachit; Martha W Zorn; Youyang Gu; Sansiddh Jain; Nayana Bannur; Ayush Deva; Mihir Kulkarni; Srujana Merugu; Alpan Raval; Siddhant Shingi; Avtansh Tiwari; Jerome White; Spencer Woody; Maytal Dahan; Spencer Fox; Kelly Gaither; Michael Lachmann; Lauren Ancel Meyers; James G Scott; Mauricio Tec; Ajitesh Srivastava; Glover E George; Jeffrey C Cegan; Ian D Dettwiller; William P England; Matthew W Farthing; Robert H Hunter; Brandon Lafferty; Igor Linkov; Michael L Mayo; Matthew D Parno; Michael A Rowland; Benjamin D Trump; Yanli Zhang-James; Samuel Chen; Stephen V Faraone; Jonathan Hess; Christopher P Morley; Asif Salekin; Dongliang Wang; Sabrina M Corsetti; Thomas M Baer; Marisa C Eisenberg; Karl Falb; Yitao Huang; Emily T Martin; Ella McCauley; Robert L Myers; Tom Schwarz; Daniel Sheldon; Graham Casey Gibson; Rose Yu; Liyao Gao; Yian Ma; Dongxia Wu; Xifeng Yan; Xiaoyong Jin; Yu-Xiang Wang; YangQuan Chen; Lihong Guo; Yanting Zhao; Quanquan Gu; Jinghui Chen; Lingxiao Wang; Pan Xu; Weitong Zhang; Difan Zou; Hannah Biegel; Joceline Lega; Steve McConnell; VP Nagraj; Stephanie L Guertin; Christopher Hulme-Lowe; Stephen D Turner; Yunfeng Shi; Xuegang Ban; Robert Walraven; Qi-Jun Hong; Axel van de Walle; Stanley Kong; James A Turtle; Michal Ben-Nun; Pete Riley; Steven Riley; Ugur Koyluoglu; David DesRoches; Pedro Forli; Bruce Hamory; Christina Kyriakides; Helen Leis; John Milliken; Michael Moloney; James Morgan; Ninad Nirgudkar; Gokce Ozcan; Noah Piwonka; Matt Ravi; Chris Schrader; Elizabeth Shakhnovich; Daniel Siegel; Ryan Spatz; Chris Stiefeling; Barrie Wilkinson; Alexander Wong; Sean Cavany; Guido Espana; Sean Moore; Rachel Oidtman; Alex Perkins; Zhifeng Gao; Jiang Bian; Wei Cao; Juan Lavista Ferres; Chaozhuo Li; Tie-Yan Liu; Xing Xie; Shun Zhang; Shun Zheng; Alessandro Vespignani; Matteo Chinazzi; Jessica T Davis; Kunpeng Mu; Ana Pastore y Piontti; Xinyue Xiong; Andrew Zheng; Jackie Baek; Vivek Farias; Andreea Georgescu; Retsef Levi; Deeksha Sinha; Joshua Wilde; Arnab Sarker; Ali Jadbabaie; Devavrat Shah; Nicolas D Penna; Leo A Celi; Saketh Sundar; Russ Wolfinger; Dave Osthus; Lauren Castro; Geoffrey Fairchild; Isaac Michaud; Dean Karlen; Matt Kinsey; Katharine Tallaksen; Shelby Wilson; Lauren Shin; Luke C. Mullany; Kaitlin Rainwater-Lovett; Elizabeth C Lee; Juan Dent; Kyra H Grantz; Joshua Kaminsky; Kathryn Kaminsky; Lindsay T Keegan; Stephen A Lauer; Joseph C Lemaitre; Justin Lessler; Hannah R Meredith; Javier Perez-Saez; Sam Shah; Claire P Smith; Shaun A Truelove; Josh Wills; Maximilian Marshall; Lauren Gardner; Kristen Nixon; John C. Burant; Lily Wang; Lei Gao; Zhiling Gu; Myungjin Kim; Xinyi Li; Guannan Wang; Yueying Wang; Shan Yu; Robert C Reiner; Ryan Barber; Emmanuela Gaikedu; Simon Hay; Steve Lim; Chris Murray; David Pigott; Heidi L Gurung; Prasith Baccam; Steven A Stage; Bradley T Suchoski; B. Aditya Prakash; Bijaya Adhikari; Jiaming Cui; Alexander Rodriguez; Anika Tabassum; Jiajia Xie; Pinar Keskinocak; John Asplund; Arden Baxter; Buse Eylul Oruc; Nicoleta Serban; Sercan O Arik; Mike Dusenberry; Arkady Epshteyn; Elli Kanal; Long T Le; Chun-Liang Li; Tomas Pfister; Dario Sava; Rajarishi Sinha; Thomas Tsai; Nate Yoder; Jinsung Yoon; Leyou Zhang; Sam Abbott; Nikos I Bosse; Sebastian Funk; Sophie R Meakin; Katharine Sherratt; Mingyuan Zhou; Rahi Kalantari; Teresa K Yamana; Sen Pei; Jeffrey Shaman; Michael L Li; Dimitris Bertsimas; Omar Skali Lami; Saksham Soni; Hamza Tazi Bouardi; Turgay Ayer; Madeline Adee; Jagpreet Chhatwal; Ozden O Dalgic; Mary A Ladd; Benjamin P Linas; Peter Mueller; Jade Xiao; Yuanjia Wang; Qinxia Wang; Shanghong Xie; Donglin Zeng; Alden Green; Jacob Bien; Logan Brooks; Daniel McDonald; Addison J Hu; Maria Jahja; Balasubramanian Narasimhan; Collin Politsch; Samyak Rajanala; Aaron Rumack; Noah Simon; Ryan J Tibshirani; Rob Tibshirani; Valerie Ventura; Larry Wasserman; Eamon B O'Dea; John M Drake; Robert Pagano; Neil F Abernethy; Jo W Walker; Rachel B Slayton; Michael A Johansson; Matthew Biggerstaff; Nicholas G Reich.
Preprint em Inglês | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-21250974

RESUMO

Short-term probabilistic forecasts of the trajectory of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States have served as a visible and important communication channel between the scientific modeling community and both the general public and decision-makers. Forecasting models provide specific, quantitative, and evaluable predictions that inform short-term decisions such as healthcare staffing needs, school closures, and allocation of medical supplies. Starting in April 2020, the COVID-19 Forecast Hub (https://covid19forecasthub.org/) collected, disseminated, and synthesized tens of millions of specific predictions from more than 80 different academic, industry, and independent research groups. A multi-model ensemble forecast that combined predictions from dozens of different research groups every week provided the most consistently accurate probabilistic forecasts of incident mortality due to COVID-19 at the state and national level from April 2020 through April 2021. The performance of 27 individual models that submitted complete forecasts consistently throughout this year showed high variability in forecast skill across time, geospatial units, and forecast horizons. Slightly more than half of the models evaluated showed better accuracy than a naive baseline model. Forecast accuracy degraded as models made predictions further into the future, with probabilistic error at a 20-week horizon 3-5 times larger than when predicting at a 1-week horizon. This project underscores the role that collaboration and active coordination between governmental public health agencies, academic modeling teams, and industry partners can play in developing modern modeling capabilities to support local, state, and federal response to outbreaks.

16.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615918

RESUMO

Two new acyclic sesquiterpenoids (1-2) and fourteen known monocyclic monoterpenoids (3-16) were isolated from the aerial parts of Clematis chinensis Osbeck. All compounds were isolated from C. chinensis for the first time. The structures of all compounds were characterized by spectroscopic methods (1 D, 2 D NMR and HRESIMS). In-vitro cytotoxic activity against two human cancer cell lines (MGC-803 and Ishikawa) of all the compounds were evaluated by CCK-8 assay.

17.
Ther Adv Hematol ; 12: 2040620720986643, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33613929

RESUMO

Background: Currently, the goal of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treatment is normal survival and good quality of life without life-long treatment, namely, "treatment-free remission" (TFR). At present, approximately only 50% of patients with CML with a deep molecular response are able to discontinue tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) without experiencing molecular relapse [MR; loss of major molecular response (MMR)]. In addition, prior interferon (IFN) treatment is associated with a higher rate of TFR. Methods: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of TKI discontinuation in Chinese patients with CML and determine whether IFN could prevent MR when used after TKI discontinuation in patients with 0.0032%

18.
J Immunol Res ; 2021: 8835919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575363

RESUMO

Bordetella bronchiseptica (B. bronchiseptica) is an obligately aerobic, oxidase- and catalase-positive, nonfermentative Gram-negative coccobacillus. This study is aimed at examining the immune effects of Rg1, Rg1 plus oil, and other common adjuvants on inactivated B. bronchiseptica vaccine in rabbits. The mechanism underlying the adjuvant effect of Rg1 plus oil on the vaccine was also explored. Rg1 (100 µg) plus oil significantly improved the immune effect of B. bronchiseptica vaccine at both the humoral and cellular levels. Rg1-oil adjuvant increased the levels of IL-2 and IL-4 in rabbits after immunization. Rg1 (100 µg) plus oil also significantly increased TLR2 expression and downregulated NF-κB in splenocytes. Rg1-oil adjuvant may increase the levels of IL-2 and IL-4 via upregulating TLR2, thereby enhancing the immune effect of B. bronchiseptica vaccine. In conclusion, Rg1 plus oil could be used as a potential vaccine adjuvant for rabbit B. bronchiseptica vaccine.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Doenças dos Animais/microbiologia , Doenças dos Animais/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções por Bordetella/veterinária , Bordetella bronchiseptica/imunologia , Ginsenosídeos , Óleos , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/metabolismo , Ginsenosídeos/administração & dosagem , Ginsenosídeos/química , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Óleos/química , Coelhos
19.
Chemosphere ; 263: 128287, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297231

RESUMO

The applicability of sludge biochar catalyst (SBC) coupling with ultrasound (US) irradiation for the simultaneous removal of Pb(II) and phenol was firstly investigated in this study. Results indicate that Pb(II) removal of SBC/US process was superior to that of SBC without US. The inhibitory order of the coexisting anions on Pb(II) removal was PO43- > HCO3- > NO3- > F- > SO42- > Cl-. Also, several coexisting metals ions inculding Cr(VI), Ni(II) and Cu(II) could be removed in a simultaneous manner with Pb(II). A high removal performance of Pb(II) by SBC/US process and its synergism with phenol oxidation had been successfully achieved. The simultaneous removal efficiencies of Pb(II) and phenol were high up to 95% within 60 min at optimum reaction conditions. Four kinds of Pb species inculding Pb0, PbCO3, PbO and Pb(OH)2 were formed during the reaction, whereas five kinds of transformation compounds of phenol such as 1,4-benzoquinone, acetic acid, formic acid, maleic acid and propionic acid were detected. Both HO and O2- contributed to the oxidation of phenol by SBC/US process, but HO was dominant radical. A reaction mechanism for the synergistic removal of Pb(II) and phenol by SBC/US process involving in four stages-namely adsorption, precipitation, reduction and Fenton-like oxidation processes was proposed. This study demonstrates that SBC/US process could be considered as a potential candidate for the remediation of real wastewaters containing Pb(II) and phenol.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Chumbo , Fenol , Fenóis/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
J Environ Manage ; 278(Pt 1): 111518, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113397

RESUMO

Nowadays, nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) has been extensively applied for the decontamination of various pollutants, but passivation of nZVI severely affects its reactivity in use. In this study, ultrasound (US)-assisted catalytic reduction of Cr(VI) by an acid mine drainage based nZVI (AMD-nZVI) coupling with FeS2 system was systematically examined. Results show that the presence of FeS2 and US induced a synergistic enhancement of Cr(VI) removal by AMD-nZVI. Nearly 98% of Cr(VI) removal was achieved by AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process within 60 min under optimal reaction conditions. Several coexisting substances with lower concentration including Pb(II), Ni(II), bisphenol A (BPA) and 2,4-diclorophenol (2,4-DCP) could be effectively removed in simultaneous manner with Cr(VI) removal. The inhibitory order of water matrix species on Cr(VI) removal was NO3- > PO43- > HCO3- > Ca2+ > Mg2+ > Cl-, and a serious suppression effect was induced by humic acid (HA). Addition of ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) and citric acid (CA) could enhance Cr(VI) removal rate. An enhanced reaction mechanism was proposed, which involved the regeneration of more Fe2+ and H+ by AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process, leading to the reduction of Cr(VI) by AMD-nZVI and FeS2 into Cr(III) species inculding Cr2O3 and Cr(OH)3. This study well demonstrates that AMD-nZVI/FeS2/US process is considered as a potential candidate for the remediation of Cr(VI) in real wasterwater.


Assuntos
Ferro , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ácidos , Adsorção , Cromo/análise , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
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