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1.
Bioengineered ; 13(5): 12099-12114, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35549806

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) plays an important role in cancer progression. Here, we investigated the function of circ_0086414 in the malignant progression of esophageal cancer (EC). RNA expression of circ_0086414, microRNA-1290 (miR-1290), and SPARC like 1 (SPARCL1) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The protein levels of N-cadherin, E-cadherin, and SPARCL1 were checked by Western blotting analysis. Cell proliferation was investigated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), 5-Ethynyl-29-deoxyuridine (EdU), and cell colony formation assays. Cell invasion and apoptosis were analyzed by transwell invasion assay and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. Glycolysis was evaluated by analyzing glucose consumption and lactate production. In an xenograft mouse model, the effect of circ_0086414 on tumor tumorigenesis was investigated. The interactions among circ_0086414, miR-1290, and SPARCL1 were identified by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays. Results showed that circ_0086414 and SPARCL1 expression were significantly downregulated, while miR-1290 was upregulated in EC tissues and cells. EC patients with low circ_0086414 expression had a poor prognosis. Increasing circ_0086414 expression led to decreased EC cell proliferation, invasion and glycolysis and increased cell apoptosis, accompanied by a decrease of N-cadherin expression and an increase of E-cadherin expression. Also, the enforced expression of circ_0086414 delayed tumor tumorigenesis. Besides, circ_0086414 acted as a miR-1290 sponge and regulated EC cell processes by binding to the miRNA. MiR-1290 also participated in EC malignant progression through SPARCL1. Further, circ_0086414 stimulated SPARCL1 production by negatively regulating miR-1290. Thus, circ_0086414 inhibited EC cell malignancy through the miR-1290/SPARCL1 pathway, providing a reliable target for the therapy of EC.

2.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 870681, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35574094

RESUMO

The Sharply increasing atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition may substantially impact the N availability and photosynthetic capacity of terrestrial plants. Determining the trade-off relationship between within-leaf N sources and allocation is therefore critical for understanding the photosynthetic response to nitrogen deposition in grassland ecosystems. We conducted field experiments to examine the effects of inorganic nitrogen addition (sole NH4 +, sole NO3 - and mixed NH4 +/NO3 -: 50%/50%) on N assimilation and allocation by Leymus chinensis. The leaf N allocated to the photosynthetic apparatus (NPSN) and chlorophyll content per unit area (Chlarea) were significantly positively correlated with the photosynthetic N-use efficiency (PNUE). The sole NO3 - treatment significantly increased the plant leaf PNUE and biomass by increasing the photosynthetic N allocation and Chlarea. Under the NO3 treatment, L. chinensis plants devoted more N to their bioenergetics and light-harvesting systems to increase electron transfer. Plants reduced the cell wall N allocation or increased their soluble protein concentrations to balance growth and defense under the NO3 treatment. In the sole NH4 + treatment, however, plants decreased their N allocation to photosynthetic components, but increased their N allocation to the cell wall and elsewhere. Our findings demonstrated that within-leaf N allocation optimization is a key adaptive mechanism by which plants maximize their PNUE and biomass under predicted future global changes.

3.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 11(5): e12218, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524455

RESUMO

Research on tumour cell-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) that regulate tumour microenvironment (TME) has provided strategies for targeted therapy of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Herein, we demonstrated that sEVs derived from HNSCC cancer cells carried CD73 (sEVsCD73 ), which promoted malignant progression and mediated immune evasion. The sEVsCD73 phagocytosed by tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) in the TME induced immunosuppression. Higher CD73high TAMs infiltration levels in the HNSCC microenvironment were correlated with poorer prognosis, while sEVsCD73 activated the NF-κB pathway in TAMs, thereby inhibiting immune function by increasing cytokines secretion such as IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and TGF-ß1. The absence of sEVsCD73 enhanced the sensitivity of anti-PD-1 therapy through reversed immunosuppression. Moreover, circulating sEVsCD73 increased the risk of lymph node metastasis and worse prognosis. Taken together, our study suggests that sEVsCD73 derived from tumour cells contributes to immunosuppression and is a potential predictor of anti-PD-1 responses for immune checkpoint therapy in HNSCC.


Assuntos
5'-Nucleotidase/imunologia , Vesículas Extracelulares , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
4.
Analyst ; 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35537201

RESUMO

Potential-resolved electrochemiluminescence (ECL) ratiometric analysis has become a research hotspot in bioassays by virtue of its good accuracy, versatility and specificity. Current ECL ratiometry mainly focuses on the competition for the co-reactant or quantitative analysis using a variable signal and a changeless signal; the disorganized change or small difference between the two signals may affect the accuracy and sensitivity of detection. In this study, we have developed a novel ECL ratiometric sensor based on the bidirectional regulation of two independent co-reaction systems by H2O2. H2O2 as a bidirectional moderator permits the ECL signals of the cathode and anode to independently change in opposite trends, which greatly enhances the organization and difference between the two signals. The ratio of the two signals is used to realize the quantitative analysis of myoglobin (MyO) with a good linear relationship between log(ECLcathode/ECLanode) and log CMyO in the range of 1.0 × 10-13 to 1.0 × 10-7 g mL-1. The detection limit is 4.0 × 10-14 g mL-1. Furthermore, it showed excellent performance in the determination of MyO in human serum samples. The proposed biosensor provides some developments for the sensitive and accurate detection of disease markers.

5.
Pharmacol Res Perspect ; 10(3): e00941, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568997

RESUMO

The IMpower trials reported significant effects of atezolizumab-containing chemotherapies on Caucasian patients. Chinese patients differ from their Western counterparts in terms of driver mutations, etiologies, and regimen tolerance. In China, atezolizumab-containing chemotherapies are not cost-effective. Atezolizumab addition triggers grade >3 adverse events. Here, we evaluated the effectiveness and the safety profile of atezolizumab plus carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel compared to carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel in treatment-naïve Chinese patients with confirmed stage IV, non-squamous, non-small-cell lung cancer. All patients completed six cycles of 1200 mg of atezolizumab/3 weeks plus 6 mg/ml/min area-under-the-curve carboplatin/3 weeks plus 100 mg/m2 nab-paclitaxel/week (n = 115; ACN cohort) or 6 mg/ml/min area-under-the-curve carboplatin/3 weeks plus 100 mg/m2 nab-paclitaxel/week (n = 130; CNP cohort). The progression-free survival (12.98 ± 2.57 months vs. 10.89 ± 2.18 months, p < .0001) and overall survival (38.04 ± 19.8 months vs. 33.59 ± 87 months, p = .012) of patients in the ACN cohort were higher than those of patients in the CNP cohort after 48 weeks of follow-up. A total of 97 (84%) patients in the ACN cohort and 94 (72%) in the CNP cohort developed grade ≥3 adverse events (p = .030). A total of 84 (73%) patients from the ACN cohort and 107 (82%) from the CNP cohort died during 48 weeks of follow-up (p = .091). The addition of atezolizumab to carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel enhanced progression-free and overall survival but increased the risk of grade ≥3 adverse events in Chinese, treatment-naïve, stage IV, non-squamous, non-small-cell lung cancer patients who completed treatment (Level of Evidence: III; Technical Efficacy Stage: 4).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Albuminas , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Water Res ; 219: 118558, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569278

RESUMO

The widespread distribution of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in natural waters has aroused global concern due to their potential threat to the aquatic environment. Photocatalysis represents a promising mean to remediate polluted waters with the simple assistance of solar energy. Herein, we fabricated a Co-Cl bond reinforced CoAl-LDH/Bi12O17Cl2 heterogeneous photocatalyst to investigate the feasibility of photocatalysis to treat POPs-polluted water under environmental conditions. The optimum CoAl-LDH/Bi12O17Cl2 (5-LB) composite photocatalyst exhibited excellent photocatalytic performance, which could degrade 92.47 % of ciprofloxacin (CIP) and 95 % of bisphenol A (BPA) with 2h of actual solar light irradiation in Changsha, China (N 28.12 °, E 112.59 °). In view of the synergistic influence of water constituents, various water matrices greatly affected the degradation rate of CIP (BPA), with the degradation efficiency of 82.17% (84.37%) in tap water, 69.67% (71.63%) in wastewater effluent, and 44.07% (67.7%) in wastewater inflow. The results of electron spin resonance, and chemical trapping experiment, HPLC-MS and density functional theory calculation reflected that the degradation of CIP was mainly attributed to h+ and 1O2 attacking the active atoms of CIP molecule with high Fukui index. Furthermore, the non-toxicity of both 5-LB photocatalyst and treated CIP solution was proved by E.coli and B.subtilis cultivation, which further demonstrated the feasibility of the 5-LB to treat POPs in real water under irradiation of solar light.

7.
Stem Cells Int ; 2022: 5719077, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35479581

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at screening the differential expression profiles of mRNA under weightlessness osteoporosis through high-throughput sequencing technology, as well as investigating the pathogenesis of weightlessness osteoporosis at the molecular level especially in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Methods: The mouse bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell line was divided into ground group and simulated microgravity (SMG) group. BMP-2 was used to induce osteogenic differentiation, and SMG group was placed into 2D-gyroscope to simulate weightless condition. Transcriptome sequencing was performed by Illumina technology, DEGs between ground and SMG group was conducted using the DEseq2 algorithm. Molecular functions and signaling pathways enriched by DEGs were then comprehensively analyzed via multiple bioinformatic approaches including but not limited to GO, KEGG, GSEA, and PPI analysis. Results: A total of 263 DEGs were identified by comparing these 2 groups, including 186 upregulated genes and 77 downregulated genes. GO analysis showed that DEGs were enriched in osteoblasts, osteoclasts cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis; KEGG analysis revealed that DEGs were significantly enriched in the TNF signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway; the enrichment results from Reactome database displayed that DEGs were mainly involved in the transcription of Hoxb3 gene, RUNX1 recruitment KMT2A gene, and activation of Hoxa2 chromatin signaling pathway. The four genes, IL6, CXCR4, IGF1, and PLOD2, were identified as hub genes for subsequent analysis. Conclusions: This study elucidated the significance of 10 hub genes in the development of weightlessness osteoporosis. In addition, the results of this study provide a theoretical basis and novel ideas for the subsequent research of the pathogenesis and clinical treatment of weightlessness osteoporosis.

8.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 403, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To estimate the effects of different intensities of intermittent pneumatic soft-tissue compression on bone defect repair in an animal model. METHODS: Five mm radial bone defect in length was made in 64 mature New Zealand rabbits and all animals randomly assigned into four groups: Group A (control group without compression), Group B (5-7 kPa intensity), Group C (8-10 kPa intensity) and Group D (11-13 kPa intensity). On the fourth day after surgery, their legs were intermittently pneumatic compressed for 4 weeks. The stimulation lasted 30 min every day and the frequency of compression was 15 Hz. New bone formation in 4 groups was evaluated by gross observation, X-ray, Micro-CT, and histological staining at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. RESULT: There was more new bony callus in the bone defect in group C than in other groups by gross observation and X-ray radiography at 2 and 4 weeks. The Micro-CT results showed more new bony callus, bone trabecula and higher bone mineral density in group C. Fluorescent labeling results showed the speed of new bone formation in Group C was faster than that in other groups, among which the control group had the slowest speed of new bone formation. The result of histology had shown that the trabeculae in bone callus in group C had a regular form, the trabeculae were wide and had a more become osteoblast around them. CONCLUSION: The intermittent pneumatic soft-tissue compression can accelerate new bone formation of bone defects and the optimal intensity is 8-10 kPa for repairing the rabbit radial bone defect.


Assuntos
Rádio (Anatomia) , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Animais , Artrodese , Calo Ósseo/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Coelhos , Rádio (Anatomia)/diagnóstico por imagem , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 407, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and effect on instrument-related facet joints between fixed-axis pedicle screw (FAPS) and monoplanar pedicle screw (MPPS). METHODS: 816 pedicle screws of 204 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fractures (TLVF) who underwent internal fixation surgery were analyzed in this retrospective study. All patients were divided into two groups (FAPS and MPPS). Preoperative, immediate postoperative, and 12-18-months postoperative CT and X-ray, and clinical data, including demographics, preoperative and immediate postoperative Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), blood loss (BL), operation time (OT) and hospital stay time (HST), were collected. Facet joint violation and degeneration grade were evaluated by CT according to Babu's criteria and Weishaupt's criteria respectively, and preoperative, immediate postoperative and 12-18-months postoperative anterior body compression index (ABCI) were measured by X-ray. RESULTS: Postoperative VAS of two groups was lower than preoperative VAS (p < 0.05). BL, OT, and HST were less in MPPS than FAPS, and the difference was statistically significant in BL and HST (p < 0.05) but no in OT (p > 0.05). Immediate postoperative and 12-18-months postoperative ABCI were significantly higher than preoperative (p < 0.05), and the difference of ABCI between immediate postoperative and 12-18-months postoperative were not significant in two groups (p > 0.05). Total violation rate (VR) was about 1.35% (11/816) and FAPS had a lower VR than MPPS, but no significant (p > 0.05). Weishaupt's criteria revealed that average class (AC) was 0.69 in FAPS and 0.67 in MPPS, and the distribution of degenerated facet joints in two groups did not differ preoperatively (p > 0.05). In 12-18 months postoperatively, AC was significantly higher in FAPS than in MPPS, and the distribution of degenerated facet joints in two groups was significantly different (p < 0.05). The comparison of cranial to caudal joints in two groups revealed that cranial joints had more severe degeneration than caudal joints. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggested that both MPPS and FAPS were effective for patients with TLVF, but MPPS by percutaneous may be a better choice to avoid adjacent segment degeneration, especially the surgery-involved facet joints degeneration.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral , Espondilose , Articulação Zigapofisária , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/lesões , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Articulação Zigapofisária/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Zigapofisária/cirurgia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35463097

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used successfully to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). QingreHuoxue treatment (QingreHuoxue decoction [QRHXD]/QingreHuoxue external preparation [QRHXEP]) is a Chinese medicine treatment for RA. To date, very few studies have compared the long-term effects of QRHXD with those of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs on RA disease activity and radiological progression. QRHXD delayed the radiological progression and showed long-term clinical efficacy of RA. In clinical experiments, the clinical evidence of delaying the radiological progression of RA patients was obtained. A portion of the patients who participated in the "Traditional Chinese Medicine QingreHuoxue Treatment vs. the Combination of Methotrexate and Hydroxychloroquine for Active Rheumatoid Arthritis" study were followed up for 52 weeks, and intention-to-treat (ITT) and compliance protocol (PP) analyses were used to collect and compare the clinical indicators and imaging data between baseline and week 52. Two radiologists who were blind to treatment scored the images independently. Of the 468 subjects, 141 completed the 52-week follow-up. There were no significant differences among the three groups: the traditional Chinese medicine comprehensive treatment group, the Western medicine treatment group, and the integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment group. There were no differences in the total Sharp score, joint space stenosis score, and joint erosion score at baseline or 52 weeks. In the comparison of the estimated annual radiographic progression (EARP) and the actual annual Sharp total score changes among the three groups, the actual changes were much lower than the EARP at baseline. The radiological progress in all three groups was well controlled. Results of the ITT and PP data sets showed that the disease activity score 28 level of the three groups at 52 weeks was significantly lower than that at baseline. During the 52-week treatment period, the clearance of heat and promotion of blood circulation controlled disease activity and delayed the radiological progress of active RA.

11.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35397103

RESUMO

Boron and boric acid (BA) can promote osteogenic differentiation and reduce bone resorption, which controls bone growth and maintenance of bone tissue. It has been reported that BA activates PERK-eIF2α signaling to induce cytoplasmic stress granules and cell senescence in human prostate DU-145 cells. However, whether BA can affect osteoclasts formation and LPS-induced inflammatory bone loss, and the role of the PERK-eIF2α pathway in the process, remains unknown. In vitro, RAW264.7 cells were pre-treated with boric acid (BA, 1, 10, 100 µmol/L) for 4 h, and then incubated with receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL, 50 ng/mL) in the presence or absence of BA for 5 days. CCK-8 and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) were used to examine cell viability, osteoclastogenesis, and bone resorption; quantitative real-time PCR was performed to examine mRNA levels of c-Fos, nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATc1), TRAP, and cathepsin K; western blotting was used to examine protein expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase R (PKR)-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), phosphorylated PERK (p-PERK), eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), and phosphorylated eIF2α (p-eIF2α). In vivo, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced bone loss model in mice was established, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scanning, bone biochemical analysis, and osteoclastogenic cytokines were detected to evaluate the effect of BA on LPS-induced bone loss. In our vitro results showed that BA treatment for 5 days inhibited osteoclasts formation as well as osteoclastic bone resorption in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of osteoclasts marker genes c-Fos, NFATc1, TRAP, and cathepsin K were attenuated by BA. Immunoblotting analysis demonstrated that BA attenuated RANKL-induced PERK-eIF2α pathway activation. The in vivo data indicated that BA significantly prevented lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced bone loss. Our findings strongly suggest that BA may be a promising agent for the treatment of bone destructive diseases caused by excessive osteoclastogenesis.

12.
Infect Drug Resist ; 15: 1601-1611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418762

RESUMO

Background: Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) and carbapenemase-producing E. coli (CP-EC) is well reported among hospitalized adults and children. However, there are few studies on the carriage prevalence and ESBL-EC and CP-EC genotypes among healthy children in China. Patients and Methods: Stool samples were collected from 330 students in 2021 from three randomly selected primary schools in Changsha, China. ESBL-EC and CP-EC were screened using CHROMagarTM chromogenic plates. ESBL and carbapenemase production was confirmed using the double-disc synergy test and a modified carbapenem inactivation method, respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested using the broth microdilution method. Resistance determinants, virulence factors, and phylogenetic groups were determined by PCR and sequencing. Multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) was performed (seven housekeeping genes were amplified and sequenced) on the phylogenic group B2 E. coli to detect high-risk clonal strains such as ST131 E. coli. Then, ST131 E. coli were characterized based on ST131 clades, O-type, and fimH alleles. Results: In total, 118 (35.8%) ESBL-EC and 3 (0.9%) CP-EC were isolated. bla CTX-M was the most common genotype (27.1%), identified in all ESBL-EC, except one, which carried bla SHV-12. One isolate with mcr-1 was found amongst ESBL-EC, whereas all three CP-EC carried bla NDM-1. The predominant sequence type (ST) clones in group B2 were ST131 and ST1193. The prevalence of ST131 E. coli was 9.9%, displaying serotypes O16 and O25b, fimH alleles 30, 41, and 89, and ST131 clades A and C1-M27. Conclusion: In this study, high carriage rate of ESBL-EC was found among healthy children, and the dominant ESBL was CTX-M-14. In addition, high-risk clones (ST131 and ST1193) were also detected. This emphasizes the importance of monitoring ESBL-EC in community settings.

13.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(3): 1088-1101, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35411222

RESUMO

Liquid biopsy test has a better uptake for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. However, suboptimal detection of early-staged colorectal neoplasia (CRN) limits its application. Here, we established an early-staged CRN blood test using error-corrected sequencing by comparing clonal hematopoiesis (CH) of 63 CRN patients and that of 32 controls. We identified 1,446 variants and classified the uniqueness in CRN patients. There was no significance difference in the amount of variant between CRNs and controls, but the uniqueness of variants with defective DNA mismatch repair-related mutational signature was addressed from peripheral blood in early-staged CRN patients. By machine learning approach, the early-staged CRNs was discriminated from controls with an AUC of 0.959 and an accuracy of 0.937 (95% CI, 0.863 to 0.968). The CRN predictive model was further validated by additional 20 CRNs and 10 controls and showed the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive prediction value (PPV) and negative prediction value (NPV) of 0.933 (95% CI: 0.779 to 0.992), 0.95, 0.90, 0.95 and 0.90, respectively. In summary, we develop a CH-based liquid biopsy test with machine learning approach, which not only increase screening uptake but also improve the detection rate of early-staged CRN.

15.
Biomaterials ; 284: 121481, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35405576

RESUMO

Generation of a promising antioxidative reagent with superior biocompatibility is urgently needed to remedy spinal cord injuries (SCI), repair the damaged neurons and restrain the secondary injuries caused by inflammation-induced oxidative stress. Inhibitory elements in the injury sites and necessitous inherent neural regeneration ability were major challenges for functional recovery after spinal cord injuries. We here developed a highly bioactive iridium complex (IrFPHtz) with enhanced antioxidative activities and improved SCI therapeutic efficacy. Both in vivo and in vitro, IrFPHtz has exhibited neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties. Mechanically, IrFPHtz directly targets SOD1 and upregulates the expression of SOD1 to eliminate the excess Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production induced by SCI, and thus protecting neuron cells from further damage. As a result, IrFPHtz safeguarded the neurons and myelin sheaths against trauma, lessened glial scar conformations and facilitated the repair of neurons and long axon expansion in the glial scar. Furthermore, IrFPHtz significantly ameliorated the behavioral functions of SCI mice and promoted a satisfactory curative effect. Therefore, this study sheds light on a novel method for SCI treatment using IrFPHtz as a potential drug and implicates the clinical significance of metal complexes in diseases featuring with upregulated ROS species.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Gliose , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Irídio , Camundongos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Superóxido Dismutase-1/farmacologia , Superóxido Dismutase-1/uso terapêutico
16.
Ophthalmic Genet ; : 1-8, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35445627

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the underlying molecular mechanism of pterygium and identify the key genes regulating the development of pterygium. METHODS: Differentially expressed mRNAs were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses were performed using the DAVID (http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov/). The differential expressions of hub genes were verified using the reverse transcription-real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The function of the hub genes was further confirmed based on associations between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hub genes and pterygium. The genotyping results were analyzed using SNPStats online software in five gene models, including codominant, dominant, recessive, overdominant, and log-additive. Five gene models were analyzed using SNPStats. RESULTS: We found that 240 genes were significantly differentially expressed. Functional enrichment analysis showed that focal adhesion pathway is extremely meaningful, among which JUN, FN1, and LAMB1 were verified to significantly differentially express in pterygium (P = 0.0011, P = 0.0018, and P = 0.0050, respectively). However, the all nine candidate SNPs (rs11688, rs3748814 in JUN; rs1263, rs1132741, rs1250259 in FN1; rs20556, rs35710474, rs25659, rs4320486 in LAMB1), were not statistically associated with pterygium. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that JUN, FN1, and LAMB1 polymorphisms were not associated with susceptibility to pterygium in Chinese Han population. Considering the fact that these three genes are differentially expressed in pterygium, further research is needed to explain its involvement in pterygium.

17.
PeerJ ; 10: e13225, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433133

RESUMO

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has been declared a public health emergency of international concern, causing excessive anxiety among health care workers. Additionally, publication bias and low-quality publications have become widespread, which can result in the dissemination of unreliable information. A meta-analysis was performed for this study with the following two aims: (1) to examine the prevalence of anxiety among health care workers and determine whether it has increased owing to the COVID-19 pandemic and (2) to investigate whether there has been an increase in publication bias. Methods: All relevant studies published between 2015 and 2020 were searched in electronic databases (namely Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, PsyArXiv, and medRxiv). The heterogeneity of the studies was assessed using the I 2 statistic. The effect size (prevalence rate of anxiety) and 95% CI for each study were also calculated. We used moderator analysis to test for the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers' anxiety levels and to detect publication bias in COVID-19 studies. We assessed publication bias using funnel plots and Egger's regression. Results: A total of 122 studies with 118,025 participants met the inclusion criteria. Eighty-eight articles (75,066 participants) were related to COVID-19, 13 articles (9,222 participants) were unrelated to COVID-19 (i.e., articles related to other outbreaks, which were excluded), and 21 preprints (33,737 participants) were related to COVID-19. The pooled meta-analysis prevalence was 33.6% (95% CI [30.5-36.8]; 95% PI [6.5-76.3]). Moderator analysis revealed no significant differences between articles related to COVID-19 and those unrelated to COVID-19 (p = 0.824). Moreover, no significant differences were found between articles and preprints related to COVID-19 (p = 0.843). Significant heterogeneity was observed in each subgroup. An Egger's test revealed publication bias in both articles and preprints related to COVID-19 (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Determining whether the anxiety state of health care workers is altered by the COVID-19 pandemic is currently difficult. However, there is evidence that their anxiety levels may always be high, which suggests that more attention should be paid to their mental health. Furthermore, we found a substantial publication bias; however, the quality of the studies was relatively stable and reliable.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409800

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the potential application of B-OT in the aspiration tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conceived and optimized an in vitro model simulating the mouth-washing process to assess tolerance to B-OT on primary human gingival fibroblasts. Cells derived from 4 unrelated donors were flushed with medium containing drugs of various concentration for one minute twice daily for 3 days. RESULTS: No effect was seen on the cells up to 1000 µM B-OT. In addition, we treated the cells with B-OT permanently in medium, corresponding to a systemic treatment. No effect was seen by 10 µM B-OT and only a slight reduction (approximately 10%) was seen by 100 µM B-OT. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest good tolerance of oral cells for B-OT, favoring the further development of this antiviral reagent as a mouth-washing solution and nasal spray.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Oxitiamina , Fibroblastos , Humanos , Oxitiamina/farmacologia , Oxitiamina/uso terapêutico
19.
Chin J Physiol ; 65(2): 53-63, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488670

RESUMO

Our previous study demonstrated that chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) protects vascular endothelium function through ameliorating autophagy in mesenteric arteries of metabolic syndrome (MS) rats. This study aimed to investigate the role of adenosine mono-phosphate-activated protein kinase-mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK-mTOR) signaling in CIHH effect. Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control (CON), MS model, CIHH treatment (CIHH), and MS + CIHH groups. Serum pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured. The endothelium dependent relaxation (EDR), endothelial ultrastructure and autophagosomes were observed in mesenteric arteries. The expression of phosphor (p)-AMPKα, p-mTOR, autophagy-related and endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins, p-endothelial nitric oxide synthase, and cathepsin D were assayed. In MS rats, pro-inflammatory cytokines were increased, EDR was attenuated, and endothelial integrity was impaired. In addition, the expression level of p-AMPKα and cathepsin D was down-regulated, but the level of p-mTOR was up-regulated. While in MS + CIHH rats, all aforementioned abnormalities were ameliorated, and the beneficial effect of CIHH was cancelled by AMPKα inhibitor. In conclusion, AMPK-mTOR signaling pathway participates in the protection of CIHH on vascular endothelium of MS rats.


Assuntos
Endotélio Vascular , Síndrome Metabólica , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Nucleotídeos de Adenina , Adenosina , Animais , Catepsina D , Citocinas , Hipóxia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 20(16): 3268-3272, 2022 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35363234

RESUMO

A Rh(III)-catalyzed migratory insertion of bis(phenylsulfonyl) carbene and α-sulfonyl carbenes into ortho C-H bonds of aryl amides has been developed. The products were obtained with moderate to excellent yields under mild reaction conditions. A reaction mechanism was proposed based on the control experiments and previous studies. Diverse desulfonylation transformations of the products were achieved.


Assuntos
Amidas , Diazometano , Amidas/química , Catálise
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