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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 242-247, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027284

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of endothelial progenitor cells on monocrotaline-induced hepatic vein occlusion disease in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 3 groups: saline group (n=15), monocrotaline group (n=15), and endothelial progenitor cell infusion group (n=15). Liver function (TBIL, ALT, AST), liver index, and serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were measured on the 8th day after intragastric administration. Hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells, hepatic central venous endothelial cells and hepatocytes were observed by both HE and immunohistochemical staining. Hepatic fibrosis was observed by Masson's trichrome staining. RESULTS: By the light microscopy, the liver of the monocrotaline group showed moderate to the severe injuries of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells, and hepatic venous congestion. Masson staining showed moderate to severe hepatic fibrosis of central vein and hepatic sinus. In the endothelial progenitor cell group, hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cell injuries, and the fibrosis of central hepatic vein and hepatic sinus were mild to moderate. Hepatic venous congestion was reduced in comparison with that in the mice of the monocrotaline group. Compared with the endothelial progenitor cell group, the liver index was higher, the liver function was more abnormal, and the serum expression levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were higher in the monocrotaline group. CONCLUSION: The monocrotaline-induced damage of hepatic sinusoidal and central venous endothelial cells is an linitiating factor for hepatic vein occlusive disease. Infusion of endothelial progenitor cells can play a role in preventing and treating hepatic vein occlusion.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva , Animais , Veias Hepáticas , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Monocrotalina
2.
Opt Lett ; 45(3): 776-779, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004309

RESUMO

In this Letter, we utilize an acoustic-optic frequency shifter in a feedforward manner for automatic interpolation of dual-comb spectroscopy, where frequency tuning can be achieved at 5.45 THz/s with the step size precisely locked to the line spacing (54.5 MHz) of a referenced optical comb without complicated electronics or control programs. Our dual-comb spectrometer involves two near-infrared electro-optic combs at 25 GHz line spacings, nonlinearly converted into the mid-infrared region, revealing fundamental absorption lines of methane gas at 54.5 MHz resolution within a spectral range from 88.04 to 89.04 THz. The method and the system may be useful in many applications, including gas sensing.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 711: 134589, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000315

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) is a toxic element for both human and plants, but the toxic responses of plants to different forms of antimony and the associated mechanisms are unknown. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of different forms of Sb [Sb(III) and Sb(V)] on the root exudates, root endogenous hormones, root cell wall components and antioxidant systems in rice plant via three hydroponic experiments. The results showed that Sb(III) displayed a higher toxicity than Sb(V) to the plant which accumulated much more Sb in its tissues under Sb(III) exposure than that under Sb(V) exposure. Under Sb(III) exposure, most of absorbed Sb was found to be Sb(III) in the shoots and roots; however when plants were exposed to Sb(V), most of absorbed Sb in this rice plant was Sb(V). Only two kinds of endogenous hormones were detected as abscisic acid (ABA) and salicylic acid (SA). The addition of Sb(III) significantly increased the content of ABA but Sb(V) did not, probably suggesting the higher toxicity of Sb(III) than Sb(V) might be due to the stimulation of ABA content. The addition of Sb(III) significantly increased the concentration of oxalic acid but decreased the concentrations of formic, acetic and maleic acids. Sb(V) also enhanced the oxalic acid concentration at 20 mg L-1 Sb(V) treatment level but reduced the concentrations of formic and acetic acids. Different forms of Sb dose-dependently increased the content of pectin, but significantly enhanced the content of lignin in cell wall. Different forms of Sb induced oxidative stress, but rice plant triggered the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) to counteract the oxidative stress.

4.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003536

RESUMO

Adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent cells that can differentiate into various cell types. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ghrelin on the neural differentiation of rat ADSCs and underlying molecular mechanisms. Rat ADSCs were isolated and third-passage ADSCs were used in this study. The isolated ADSCs were characterized by flow cytometry analysis for MSCs' surface expression markers as evidenced by positive for CD90, CD44, and CD29 and negative for CD34, CD45, and CD11b/2f/c. The multilineage differentiation of ADSCs was confirmed by adipogenic, osteogenic, and neural differentiation. After induction of neurogenesis, the differentiated cells were identified by development of neuron-like morphology and expression of neural markers including glial fibrillary acidic protein, Nestin, MAP2, and ß-Tubulin III using immunofluorescence and western blot. Ghrelin concentration dependently elevated the proportion of neural-like cells and branching dendrites, as well as upregulated the expression of neural markers. Further, the expression of nuclear ß-catenin, p-GSK-3ß, p-AKT, and p-mTOR was increased by ghrelin, indicating an activation of ß-catenin and AKT/mTOR signaling after the ghrelin treatment. Importantly, inhibition of ß-catenin or AKT/mTOR signaling suppressed ghrelin-induced neurogenesis. Therefore, we demonstrate that ghrelin promotes neural differentiation of ADSCs through the activation of ß-catenin and AKT/mTOR signaling pathways.

5.
Microb Biotechnol ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011106

RESUMO

Rebaudioside D is a sweetener from Stevia rebaudiana with superior sweetness and organoleptic properties, but its production is limited by its minute abundance in S. rebaudiana leaves. In this study, we established a multi-enzyme reaction system with S. rebaudiana UDP-glycosyltransferases UGT76G1, Solanum lycopersicum UGTSL2 and Solanum tuberosum sucrose synthase StSUS1, achieving a two-step glycosylation of stevioside to produce rebaudioside D. However, an increase in the accumulation of rebaudioside D required the optimization of UGTSL2 catalytic activity towards glucosylation of rebaudioside A and reducing the formation of the side-product rebaudioside M2. On the basis of homology modelling and structural analysis, Asn358 in UGTSL2 was subjected to saturating mutagenesis, and the Asn358Phe mutant was used instead of wild-type UGTSL2 for bioconversion. The established multi-enzyme reaction system employing the Asn358Phe mutant produced 14.4 g l-1 (1.6 times of wild-type UGTSL2) rebaudioside D from 20 g l-1 stevioside after reaction for 24 h. This system is useful for large-scale rebaudioside D production and expands our understanding of the pathways involved in its synthesis.

6.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 182: 113110, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004768

RESUMO

Callicarpa nudiflora, belonging to the family Verbenaceae, is widely used to treat inflammation caused by bacterial infection.However, the underlying active substances of C. nudiflora against inflammation remains obscure. In this work, an ultra high-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was developed to characterize the ingredients in C. nudiflora, and a validated UHPLC coupled with triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry method was applied to quantify major components. As a result, a total of 96 chemical compounds were identified in C. nudiflora, and 26 compounds of them were further quantified in 34 batches of C. nudiflora. Based on the identified components from C. nudiflora, a compound-target network for the anti-inflammation effect was constructed by reverse docking target prediction, disease associated genes screening in DisGeNET and the protein-protein interaction from STRING. The compound-target network showed that C. nudiflora might exert anti-inflammation effect on the target of complement 3 and 5 in the pathway of cells and molecules involved in local acute inflammatory response, and 16 effective candidate compounds were found such as catalpol, acteoside, rutin, etc. This study provided an opportunity to deepen the understanding of the chemical composition and the potential anti-inflammatory mechanism of C. nudiflora.

7.
Blood Cancer J ; 10(2): 16, 2020 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029705

RESUMO

Large-scale chromosomal translocations are frequent oncogenic drivers in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These translocations often occur in critical transcriptional/epigenetic regulators and contribute to malignant cell growth through alteration of normal gene expression. Despite this knowledge, the specific gene expression alterations that contribute to the development of leukemia remain incompletely understood. Here, through characterization of transcriptional regulation by the RUNX1-ETO fusion protein, we have identified Ras-association domain family member 2 (RASSF2) as a critical gene that is aberrantly transcriptionally repressed in t(8;21)-associated AML. Re-expression of RASSF2 specifically inhibits t(8;21) AML development in multiple models. Through biochemical and functional studies, we demonstrate RASSF2-mediated functions to be dependent on interaction with Hippo kinases, MST1 and MST2, but independent of canonical Hippo pathway signaling. Using proximity-based biotin labeling we define the RASSF2-proximal proteome in leukemia cells and reveal association with Rac GTPase-related proteins, including an interaction with the guanine nucleotide exchange factor, DOCK2. Importantly, RASSF2 knockdown impairs Rac GTPase activation, and RASSF2 expression is broadly correlated with Rac-mediated signal transduction in AML patients. Together, these data reveal a previously unappreciated mechanistic link between RASSF2, Hippo kinases, and Rac activity with potentially broad functional consequences in leukemia.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(10): 1513-1516, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919482

RESUMO

A potentiometric resolved photoelectrochemical (PEC) system based on CdS nanowires and SnNb2O6 nanosheets was developed. To prove the applicability of this system in PEC multi-biomarker analysis, a label free PEC immunosensor for two cardiac biomarkers, myoglobin and cardiac troponin I, was constructed.

9.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 229: 117935, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951940

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to use advanced vibrational molecular spectroscopy (ATR-Ft/IRS) to study an interaction between legume protein molecular structure from biodegradation residues and nutritional properties of newly developed genotypes of cool-climate adapted faba bean seed with low and normal tannin levels grown in western Canada. Protein molecular structures including amide I, II areas and peak heights, α-helix and ß-sheet peak heights in rumen biodegradation residues were determined by using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared molecular spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). The nutritional properties were determined which included chemical and nutrient profiles, in situ rumen degradation kinetics, rumen protein degradation, and intestinal protein digestion in the newly developed genotypes of faba bean seeds with low and normal tannin levels. The results showed that the spectral intensity of faba bean varieties with a normal tannin level in rumen biodegradation residues was greater (P < 0.05) than that with a low tannin level. The spectral intensity of amide I, II areas and peak heights, α-helix and ß-sheet peak heights in all genotypes (except the variety of Snowdrop) in biodegradation residuals of faba bean seeds had a unique pattern with increasing first and then decreasing with the increasing of rumen incubation time. The molecular structures of protein (α-helix, ratio of α-helix to ß-sheet height and amide I to II area, R2 > 0.6) were associated with in situ degradation kinetics - soluble (S) and potential degradable fractions (D) and rumen protein degradation- bypass or undegraded protein (BCP or RUP). The molecular spectral parameters in the FTIR fingerprint region didn't form cluster among different genotypes in residual faba bean seeds in 12 h and 24 h incubation, which indicate they had similar protein molecular structures after incubation. In conclusion, there was an interaction between protein molecular structure from biodegradation residues and nutritional properties of newly developed cool-climate adapted faba bean seeds with normal and low level of tannin. The cool-climate adapted genotype had an impact on the protein molecular structure, and the protein utilization and metabolism were predictable from protein spectral molecular structures after rumen biodegradation with ATR-Ft/IRS spectroscopy.

10.
Analyst ; 145(4): 1121-1128, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984380

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing has received increasing attention due to its great potential in the analysis of biomarkers. The performance of a PEC biosensor depends largely on photosensitive materials. The photoactive materials with excellent properties are of great importance to realize advanced PEC bioassays. Recently, as a special class of nanocomposites, heterostructures consisting of different types of semiconductors with potential applications in PEC systems have witnessed the rapid development to improve the performance of PEC biosensors. In this review, the research progress on the promising heterostructures has been introduced and summarized, and the applications of such heterostructures in PEC bioassays are provided. The future development of heterostructures pertaining to PEC biosensing systems has also been briefly discussed.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(4): 4333-4342, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935068

RESUMO

The abuse of antibiotics resulted in the emergence of antibiotics-resistant bacteria, which has raised a great social concern together with the impetus to develop effective antibacterial materials. Herein, the synthesis of biocompatible enzyme-responsive Ag nanoparticle assemblies (ANAs) and their application in the high-efficiency targeted antimicrobial treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been demonstrated. The ANAs could collapse and undergo stable/collapsed transition on approaching MRSA because of the serine protease-like B enzyme proteins (SplB)-triggered decomposition of the branched copolymers which have been employed as the macrotemplate in the synthesis of responsive ANAs. This transition contributed greatly to the high targeting affinity and efficiency of ANAs to MRSA. The minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration against MRSA were 2.0 and 32.0 µg mL-1, respectively. Skin wound healing experiments confirmed that the responsive ANAs could serve as an effective wound dressing to accelerate the healing of MRSA infection.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18457, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world, with approximately 300 million asthma patients worldwide. The mortality rate of asthma is 1.6 to 36.7 / 100,000 people, and China has become one of the countries with the highest asthma death rate in the world. Asthma is a chronic allergic airway inflammatory disease. Patients with this disease may have symptoms such as cough, wheezing, and difficulty breathing. For many years, Western medicine has mainly used anti-inflammatory, anti-bronchial spasm, asthma, cough and oxygen to treat this disease, but the effect is not good. Clinical studies in recent years have found that the use of acupuncture in the treatment of bronchial asthma has a good clinical application prospect. This study was conducted to study the effect of using acupuncture to treat asthma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search for PubMed, Cochrane Library, AMED, EMbase, WorldSciNet; Nature, Science online and China Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature CD-ROM Database (CBM), and related randomized controlled trials included in the China Resources Database. The time is limited from the construction of the library to November 2019. We will use the criteria provided by Cochrane 5.1.0 for quality assessment and risk assessment of the included studies, and use the Revman 5.3 and Stata13.0 software for meta-analysis of the effectiveness, recurrence rate, and symptom scores of asthma. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This systematic review will evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for asthma. Because all of the data used in this systematic review and meta-analysis has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. Furthermore, all data will be analyzed anonymously during the review process Trial.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Asma/terapia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto
13.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; : e1900294, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894862

RESUMO

A series of (3-benzyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)carbamates were evaluated as new antibacterial agents. Several compounds showed potent inhibitory activity against sensitive and drug-resistant Gram-positive bacteria. The compounds are ineffective against all tested Gram-negative bacteria. The structure of the ester group exerted a profound effect on antibacterial activity. 4,4-Dimethylcyclohexanyl carbamate 6h exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against the standard and clinically isolated Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecalis (minimum inhibitory concentration = 4-8 µg/ml) strains. The preliminary experimental evidence indicated that these carbamates target the bacterial cell wall and share a similar mechanism of action with vancomycin.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(2)2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31936652

RESUMO

Underwater acoustic (UWA) sensor networks demand high-rate communications with high reliability between sensor nodes for massive data transmission. Filtered multitone (FMT) is an attractive multicarrier technique used in high-rate UWA communications, and can obviously shorten the span of intersymbol interference (ISI) with high spectral efficiency and low frequency offset sensitivity by dividing the communication band into several separated wide sub-bands without guard bands. The joint receive diversity and adaptive equalization scheme is often used as a general ISI suppression technique in FMT-UWA communications, but large receive array for high diversity gain has an adverse effect on the miniaturization of UWA sensor nodes. A time-reversal space-time block coding (TR-STBC) technique specially designed for frequency-selective fading channels can replace receive diversity with transmit diversity for high diversity gain, and therefore is helpful for ISI suppression with simple receive configuration. Moreover, the spatio-temporal matched filtering (MF) in TR-STBC decoding can mitigate ISI obviously, and therefore is of benefit to lessen the complexion of adaptive equalization for post-processing. In this paper, joint TR-STBC and adaptive equalization FMT-UWA communication method is proposed based on the merit of TR-STBC. The proposed method is analyzed in theory, and its performance is assessed using simulation analysis and real experimental data collected from an indoor pool communication trial. The validity of the proposed method is proved through comparing the proposed method with the joint single-input-single-output (SISO) and adaptive equalization method and the joint single-input-multiple-output (SIMO) and adaptive equalization method. The results show that the proposed method can achieve better communication performance than the joint SISO and adaptive equalization method, and can achieve similar performance with more simpler receive configuration as the joint SIMO and adaptive equalization method.

15.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 230: 118040, 2020 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31931354

RESUMO

A high-efficient chemiluminescence (CL) platform for highly selective and sensitive H2S detection was constructed on the basis of the quenching effect of S2- on the copper ion modified graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets (Cu2+-g-C3N4 NSs) enhanced luminol-H2O2 system. Cu2+-g-C3N4 NSs with horseradish peroxidase-like catalytic activity were prepared and provide a great improvement for luminol-H2O2 system. The presence of S2- induced the formation of CuS precipitate on g-C3N4 NSs surface. The precipitate can block the catalytic Cu2+ sites on the g-C3N4 NSs surface, resulting in a great CL decrease of CL system. Based on such a mechanism, a simple, highly selective and sensitive CL biosensor for H2S detection was designed. Under the optimized conditions, luminol-H2O2-Cu2+-g-C3N4 NSs system gave a decrease of CL intensity with the Na2S concentration increasing. The CL biosensor is in a linear range of 10.0 pM-50.0 nM and the detection limit for detecting Na2S is as low as 2.0 pM. Moreover, the method here has enjoyed a successful application for determining H2S in human plasma samples and the recovery is between 95.7% and 110.0%.

16.
Cancer Discov ; 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974171

RESUMO

Type I interferons (IFN), which activate many IFN-stimulated genes (ISG), are known to regulate tumorigenesis. However, little is known regarding how various ISGs coordinate with one another in developing antitumor effects. Here, we report that the ISG UBA7 is a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. UBA7 encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the covalent conjugation of the ubiquitin-like protein product of another ISG (ISG15) to cellular proteins in a process known as "ISGylation." ISGylation of other ISGs, including STAT1 and STAT2, synergistically facilitates production of chemokine-receptor ligands to attract cytotoxic T cells. These gene-activation events are further linked to clustering and nuclear relocalization of STAT1/2 within IFN-induced promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies. Importantly, this coordinated ISG-ISGylation network plays a central role in suppressing murine breast cancer growth and metastasis, which parallels improved survival in patients with breast cancer. These findings reveal a cooperative IFN-inducible gene network in orchestrating a tumor-suppressive microenvironment. SIGNIFICANCE: We report a highly cooperative ISG network, in which UBA7-mediated ISGylation facilitates clustering of transcription factors and activates an antitumor gene-expression program. These findings provide mechanistic insights into immune evasion in breast cancer associated with UBA7 loss, emphasizing the importance of a functional ISG-ISGylation network in tumor suppression.

17.
Glob Chang Biol ; 26(1): 191-199, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789452

RESUMO

Understanding how to manage N inputs to identify the practices that maximize N recovery has been an organizing principle of agronomic research. Because growth in N fertilizer inputs is expected to continue in an ongoing effort to boost crop production over coming decades, understanding how to efficiently manage recovery of fertilizer N will be important going forward. Yet synthesis of published data that has traced the fate of 15 N-labeled fertilizer shows that less than half of the N taken up by crops is derived from current-year N fertilizer. The source of the majority of N in crops is something other than current-year fertilizer and the sources are not really known. This is true for maize (only 41% of N in crops was from current-year N fertilizer), rice (32%), and small grains (37%). Recovery of organic fertilizer N (manure, green manure, compost, etc.) in crops is low (27%), though N recovery in subsequent years (10%) was greater than that for mineral fertilizers. Thus, while research on efficiency of N fertilizer use through improved rate, type, location, and timing is important, this research fails to directly address management of the majority of the N supplied to crops. It seems likely that the majority of non-fertilizer N found in crops comes from turnover of soil and crop residue N. We encourage the research community to revisit the mental model that fertilizer is a replacement for N supply from turnover of soil organic N (SON) and consider a model in which N fertilizer augments ongoing SON turnover and makes an important longer term contribution to SON maintenance and turnover. Research focused on the efficient recovery of N current-year fertilizer inputs neglects this potential role for building soil N and managing soil N turnover, which seems likely to be the most important source of crop N.


Assuntos
Grão Comestível , Nitrogênio , Agricultura , Produtos Agrícolas , Fertilizantes , Esterco , Solo
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 386: 121651, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767502

RESUMO

In this work, a novel Pd/N-doped loofah sponge-derived biochar (Pd/NLSBC) material with three-dimensional (3D) network structure was prepared through the carbonization-impregnation method and applied as cathode for electrocatalytic bromate removal. The N-doped biochar not only increased the adsorption capacity of electrode, but also facilitated electron transfer, subsequently resulting in the high electrocatalytic activity for bromate removal. The results indicated higher bromate adsorption capacity of Pd/NLSBC electrode was favorable to the electrocatalytic bromate removal. The influences of significant operating factors including calcination temperature, initial solution pH, applied current intensity, and initial bromate concentration on electrocatalytic bromate removal were also optimized. Under the current intensity of 10 mA, Pd/NLSBC-800 exhibited the highest bromate removal efficiency (96.7 %) and the bromide conversion rate reached almost 100 % at the initial bromate concentration of 0.781 µmol L-1. This process could be effectively performed over a wide range of pH (2.0-9.0) and be well fitted to the pseudo-first-order kinetic model under different conditions. The reaction mechanism study indicated that both direct electron transfer and indirect reduction by the active hydrogen atom (H*) contributed to the elctrocatalytic bromate removal. Meanwhile, Pd/NLSBC-800 electrode could maintain its high electrocatalytic activity for bromate removal after five cycles.

19.
J Neurol ; 267(2): 331-340, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and impulsive-compulsive behaviors (ICBs) are well-recognized non-motor features in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Studies have given contradictory results about the potential association between RBD and ICBs. METHODS: PubMed, Embase (via Ovid), and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were systematically searched till August 20, 2019 to identify studies that explored the possible correlation between RBD and ICBs in patients with PD. Two authors independently screened records, extracted data and evaluated quality of included studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by employing a random or fixed-effects model. We performed subgroup and sensitivity analyses, and we assessed potential publication bias. RESULTS: A total of 134 references were screened and 10 studies involving 2781 PD patients were included. Overall, RBD was associated with a more than twofold higher risk of developing ICBs (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.43-3.14, I2 = 56.7%, P < 0.01). Similar results were obtained in sensitivity analyses and in meta-analyses of subgroups stratified based on multivariable adjustment and methods for diagnosing RBD and ICBs. No significant risk of publication bias was found. CONCLUSION: RBD in PD is confirmed to be a risk factor for ICBs. Clinicians should be aware of this association to help them improve patient management.

20.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 521(2): 533-538, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677785

RESUMO

Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common intraocular malignancy. The tumor propagation of RB is maintained by several core transcriptional regulators, including c-Myc. Strictly regulated posttranslational modifications control the c-Myc protein. However, the posttranslational regulatory mechanisms for c-Myc in retinoblastoma remain largely unclear. Here, we identified the zinc-finger protein ZCCHC2 as a critical negative regulator of c-Myc-associated tumorigenesis. Knockout of ZCCHC2 promoted retinoblastoma cell proliferation, whereas ZCCHC2 overexpression had the opposite effect. Meanwhile, the level of ZCCHC2 was positively correlated with retinoblastoma tumorigenesis and animal survival in vivo. Mechanistically, ZCCHC2 was associated with c-Myc and negatively regulated the K63-linked polyubiquitination of c-Myc. We demonstrated that ZCCHC2 inhibits the interaction of the E3 ubiquitin ligase HectH9 with c-Myc and that ZCCHC2 inhibits HectH9-mediated K63-linked polyubiquitination and activation of c-Myc. Altogether, these data suggest that ZCCHC2 plays a role in the regulation of RB tumorigenesis through the inhibition activity of c-Myc.

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