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1.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854143

RESUMO

While a large amount of research has studied the facilitation of visual speech on auditory speech recognition, few have investigated the processing of visual speech gestures in motor-oriented tasks that focus on the spatial and motor features of the articulator actions instead of the phonetic features of auditory and visual speech. The current study examined the engagement of spatial and phonetic processing of visual speech in a motor-oriented speech imitation task. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to measure the hemodynamic activities related to spatial processing and audiovisual integration in the superior parietal lobe (SPL) and the posterior superior/middle temporal gyrus (pSTG/pMTG) respectively. In addition, visuo-labial and visuo-lingual speech were compared to examine the influence of visual familiarity and audiovisual association on the processes in question. fNIRS revealed significant activations in the SPL but found no supra-additive audiovisual activations in the pSTG/pMTG, suggesting that the processing of audiovisual speech stimuli was primarily focused on spatial processes related to action comprehension and preparation, whereas phonetic processes related to audiovisual integration was minimal. Comparisons between visuo-labial and visuo-lingual speech imitations revealed no significant difference in the activation of the SPL or the pSTG/pMTG, suggesting that a higher degree of visual familiarity and audiovisual association did not significantly influence how visuo-labial speech was processed compared to visuo-lingual speech. The current study offered insights on the pattern of visual-speech processing under a motor-oriented task objective and provided further evidence for the modulation of multimodal speech integration by voluntary selective attention and task objective.

2.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34854947

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and validate a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of valproic acid (VPA) in adult Chinese patients with bipolar disorder, and provide guidance for individualized therapy in this population. METHODS: A total of 1104 serum concentrations from 272 patients were collected in this study. The data analysis was performed using a nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach. Covariates included demographic parameters, biological characteristics, and concomitant medications. Bootstrap validation (1000 runs), normalized prediction distribution error (NPDE), and external validation of 50 patients were employed to evaluate the final model. RESULTS: A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination was developed for VPA extended-release tablets. VPA clearance was significantly influenced by three variables: sex (12% higher in male patients), daily dose (increasing with the 0.13 exponent), and body weight (increasing with the 0.56 exponent). Typical values for the absorption rate constant (Ka), apparent clearance (CL/F), and apparent distribution volume (V/F) for a female patient weighing 70 kg administered VPA 1000 mg/day were 0.18 h-1, 0.46 L/h, and 12.84 L, respectively. The results of model evaluation indicated a good stable and precise performance of the final model. CONCLUSIONS: A qualified PPK model of VPA was developed in Chinese patients with bipolar disorder. This model could be used as a suitable tool for the personalization of VPA dosing for bipolar patients.

3.
Food Res Int ; 150(Pt A): 110717, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34865748

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has become a worldwide concern in recent years. Coix seed (CS) as a homologous substance of traditional Chinese medicine and food, its polysaccharides can improve the symptoms of patients with metabolic disorders. Since most plant polysaccharides are difficult to digest and absorb, we hypothesized that Coix seed polysaccharides (CSP) exert hypoglycemic effects through the gut. In this study, the underlying mechanisms regulating hypoglycemic effects of CSP on a T2DM mouse model were investigated. After treatment with CSP, serum insulin and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were increased, while total cholesterol, triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were decreased in T2DM mice. In addition, CSP treatment helped repair the intestinal barrier and modulated the gut microbial composition in T2DM mice, mainly facilitating the growth of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria, Spearman's analysis revealed these bacteria were positively related with the hypoglycemic efficacy of CSP. Colonic transcriptome analysis indicated the hypoglycemic effect of CSP was associated with the activation of the IGF1/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Correlative analysis revealed that this activation may result from the increase of SCFAs-producing bacteria by CSP. GC-MS detection verified that CSP treatment increased fecal SCFAs levels. Molecular docking revealed that SCFAs could bind with IGF1, PI3K, and AKT. Our findings demonstrated that CSP treatment modulates gut microbial composition, especially of the SCFAs-producing bacteria, activates the IGF1/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways, and exhibits hypoglycemic efficacy.

4.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective effect and underlying mechanism of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBP) in a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) cell model. METHODS: Normal human hepatocyte LO2 cells were treated with 1 mmol/L free fatty acids (FFA) mixture for 24 h to induce NAFLD cell model. Cells were divided into 5 groups, including control, model, low-, medium- and high dose LBP (30,100 and 300 µg/mL) groups. The monosaccharide components of LBP were analyzed with high performance liquid chromatography. Effects of LBP on cell viability and intracellular lipid accumulation were assessed by cell counting Kit-8 assay and oil red O staining, respectively. Triglyceride (TG), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and oxidative stress indicators were evaluated. Energy balance and mitochondrial biogenesis related mRNA and proteins were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: Heteropolysaccharides with mannose and glucose are the main components of LBP. LBP treatment significantly decreased intracellular lipid accumulation as well as TG, ALT, AST and malondialdehyde levels (P<0.05 or P<0.01), increased the levels of superoxide dismutase, phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and ATP in NAFLD cell model (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the expression of uncoupling protein 2 was down-regulated and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α/nuclear respiratory factor 1/mitochondrial transcription factor A pathway was up-regulated (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: LBP promotes mitochondrial biogenesis and improves energy balance in NAFLD cell model.

5.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 663, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34895230

RESUMO

m6A (N6-methyladenosine) methylation, a well-known modification in tumour epigenetics, dynamically and reversibly fine tunes the entire process of RNA metabolism. Aberrant levels of m6A and its regulators, which can predict the survival and outcomes of cancer patients, are involved in tumorigenesis, metastasis and resistance. Ovarian cancer (OC) ranks first among gynaecological tumours in the causes of death. At first diagnosis, patients with OC are usually at advanced stages owing to a lack of early biomarkers and effective targets. After treatment, patients with OC often develop drug resistance. This article reviews the recent experimental advances in understanding the role of m6A modification in OC, raising the possibility to treat m6A modification and its regulators as promising diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets for OC.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(23): 6271-6277, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951254

RESUMO

The present study investigated the differences in pharmacokinetics and intestinal absorption of six alkaloids in Sanmiao Pills and Simiao Pills in rats and explored the different efficacies of the two formulae. After oral administration of Sanmiao Pills and Simiao Pills in rats, blood samples were collected at different time points. Samples were prepared for the determination of six alkaloids in plasma by UPLC-MS/MS. The chromatography was performed on an ACE Excel 3 C_(18 )column with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water as the mobile phase for gradient elution. Analytes were detected in the positive ion mode. Plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Intestinal absorption of alkaloids was investigated by single-pass intestinal perfusion and absorption parameters of ingredients were calculated. The results showed that the UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of concentrations of six alkaloids in plasma was developed and validated by methodological investigations, such as specificity, calibration curves, precision, accuracy, recovery, matrix effect, and stability. The results of the pharmacokinetic assay revealed that C_(max) and AUC values of phellodendrine, berberine, magnoflorine, berberrubine, and jatrorrhizine in Simiao Pills were significantly increased, and CL/F values were reduced as compared with those in Sanmiao Pills, which indicated the increase in plasma concentrations of alkaloids. The intestinal absorption parameters K_(a )and P_(eff) values of phellodendrine, berberine, and jatrorrhizine in Simiao Pills were higher than those in Sanmiao Pills. The intestinal absorption and plasma concentrations of alkaloids in Simiao Pills were significantly higher than those in Sanmiao Pills, suggesting that the composition of Simiao Pills was more conducive to the alkaloids into the blood to resist inflammation and lower uric acid.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Absorção Intestinal , Ratos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
7.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1589, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790795

RESUMO

Background: Increasingly, evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). However, a systematic lncRNA-messenger RNA (mRNA) regulatory network is still absent in isolated systolic hypertension and atherosclerotic cerebral infarction patients (ISH & ACI). This research aimed to establish a lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network in patients with ISH & ACI, to probe into the potential functions of lncRNA in such patients. Methods: Expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNAs were collected and compared, from 8 patients with ISH and 8 patients with ISH & ACI by RNA-seq data. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were screened out via high-throughput sequencing in the plasma of ISH/ACI patients and control ISH patients. Then, a lncRNA-mRNA interaction network was built using the Pearson correlation coefficient by Cytoscape software. The expression levels of the hub genes and lncRNAs were verified by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in another 10 ISH/ACI patients and 10 control patients. This study was approved by the responsible institutional review board (IRB) and informed consent was provided by participants. Results: A total of 2,768 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 747 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. We identified two hub genes (CD226 and PARVB) and 11 lncRNAs in the lncRNA-mRNA interaction network. The results of qRT-PCR and cell assay verified that lncRNAs ENST00000590604 and CD226 are highly expressed in patients of ISH & ACI. Further, CD226 was associated with vascular endothelial cells growth and stability through the platelet activation and focal adhesion pathway. Conclusions: We established a novel mRNA-lncRNA interaction network. The lncRNAs ENST00000590604 and CD226 might be the potential biomarkers of ISH & ACI.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 723455, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804918

RESUMO

Objectives: There are still challenging problems in diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT) before operation. This study aimed to analyze the imaging features of HCC with B1-B3 BDTT. Materials and Methods: The clinicopathological data and imaging findings of 30 HCC patients with B1-B3 BDTT from three high-volume institutions were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 631 patients without BDTT who were randomly collected from each of the enrolled centers were recorded as the control group to analyze the differences in clinicopathological characteristics and imaging features between the two groups. A total of 453 HCC patients who underwent surgical treatment in the three institutions from January 2020 to December 2020 were collected for a blinded reading test as the validation group. Results: HCC patients with B1-B3 BDTT had more advanced tumor stages and adverse clinicopathological features. HCC lesions were detected in all patients, and intrahepatic bile duct dilation was observed in 28 (93.3%) patients with B1-B3 BDTT and 9 (1.43%) patients in HCC without BDTT. The intrahepatic bile duct dilation showed no enhancement at hepatic arterial phase (HAP) and no progressively delayed enhancement at portal venous phase (PVP), but it was more obvious at PVP on CT. In the reports of the 30 HCC patients with B1-B3 BDTT generated for the image when the scan was done, BDTT was observed in all 13 B3 patients and 3 of 12 B2 patients, but none of the 5 B1 patients. Fourteen patients were misdiagnosed before surgery. However, when using intrahepatic bile duct dilation in HCC patients as a potential biomarker for BDTT diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity for BDTT diagnosis were 93.33% and 98.57%, respectively. The blinded reading test showed that intrahepatic bile duct dilation in CT and MRI scans could be for separating HCC patients with B1-B3 BDTT from HCC patients without BDTT. Conclusions: The HCC lesions and intrahepatic bile duct dilation on CT or MRI scans are imaging features of HCC with BDTT, which might facilitate the early diagnosis of B1-B3 BDTT.

9.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750973

RESUMO

C-N bonds are pervasive throughout organic-based materials, natural products, pharmaceutical compounds, and agricultural chemicals. Considering the widespread importance of C-N bonds, the development of greener and more convenient ways to form C-N bonds, especially in late-stage synthesis, has become one of the hottest research goals in synthetic chemistry. Copper-catalyzed radical reactions involving N-centered radicals have emerged as a sustainable and promising approach to build C-N bonds. As a chemically popular and diverse radical species, N-centered radicals have been used for all kinds of reactions for C-N bond formation by taking advantage of their inherently incredible reactive flexibility. Copper is also the most abundant and economic catalyst with the most relevant activity for facilitating the synthesis of valuable compounds. Therefore, the aim of the present Review was to illustrate recent and significant advances in C-N bond formation methods and to understand the unique advantages of copper catalysis in the generation of N-centered radicals since 2016. To provide an ease of understanding for the readers, this Review was organized based on the types of nitrogen sources (amines, amides, sulfonamides, oximes, hydrazones, azides, and tert-butyl nitrite).

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732397

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Exposure to antibiotics (ABX) during pregnancy can have a systematic effect on both fetal and maternal health. Although previous biomonitoring studies have indicated the effects on children of extensive exposure to ABX, studies on pregnant women remain scarce. To explore the effect on pregnant women of environmental exposure to ABX through accidental ingestion and identify potential health risks, the present study investigated 122 pregnant women in East China between 2019 and 2020. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The presence of six categories of ABX (quinolones, sulfonamides, lincosamides, tetracyclines, amide alcohol ABX, and ß-lactams) in plasma samples taken from the pregnant women was investigated using an ABX kit and a time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay. RESULTS: All six ABX were detected in the plasma, with a detection rate of 17.2%. It was discovered that the composition of intestinal flora in pregnant women exposed to ABX was different from that of pregnant women who had not been exposed to ABX. The intestinal flora of pregnant women exposed to ABX also changed at both the phylum and genus levels, and several genera almost disappeared. Furthermore, the metabolic levels of glucose and insulin and the alpha diversity of pregnant women exposed to ABX were higher than those of pregnant women not exposed to ABX. CONCLUSION: Pregnant women are potentially at higher risk of adverse microbial effects. Glucose metabolism and insulin levels were generally higher in pregnant women exposed to ABX than in unexposed women. Also, the composition and color of the gut microbiome changed.

11.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 703969, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631700

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death among all gynecological tumors. N6-methyladenosine (m6A)-related regulators play essential roles in various tumors, including OC. However, the expression of m6A RNA methylation regulators and the related regulatory network in OC and their correlations with prognosis remain largely unknown. In the current study, we obtained the genome datasets of OC from GDC and GTEx database and analyzed the mRNA levels of 21 key m6A regulators in OC and normal human ovarian tissues. The expression levels of 7 m6A regulators were lower in both the OC tissues and the high-stage group. Notably, the 5-year survival rate of patients with OC presenting low VIRMA expression or high HNRNPA2B1 expression was higher than that of the controls. Next, a risk score model based on the three selected m6A regulators (VIRMA, IGF2BP1, and HNRNPA2B1) was built by performing a LASSO regression analysis, and the moderate accuracy of the risk score model to predict the prognosis of patients with OC was examined by performing ROC curve, nomogram, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. In addition, a regulatory network of miRNAs-m6A regulators-m6A target genes, including 2 miRNAs, 3 m6A regulators, and 47 mRNAs, was constructed, and one of the pathways, namely, miR-196b-5p-IGF2BP1-PTEN, was initially validated based on bioinformatic analysis and assay verification. These results demonstrated that the risk score model composed of three m6A RNA methylation regulators and the related network of miRNAs-m6A regulators-m6A target genes is valuable for predicting the prognosis of patients with OC, and these molecules may serve as potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets in the future.

12.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5254, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605575

RESUMO

Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex (PCC) and Atractylodis Rhizoma (AR) are frequently used as herb pair to treat eczema and gout owing to their synergistic effects. Alkaloids are the major ingredients from PCC and the effect of their combination on the in vivo processing of alkaloids remains unclear. In this study, a simple and reliable UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of six alkaloids in rat plasma was developed. This method was applied to a comparative pharmacokinetic study between PCC and PCC-AR in rats. Effect of AR on absorption of alkaloids was investigated by a single-pass intestinal perfusion study. The effect of AR on urinary excretion of alkaloids was studied. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that the values of rea under the concentration-time curve of phellodendrine, magnoflorine and palmatine were greater in the PCC-AR group than in the PCC group. The intestinal absorptive parameters absorption rate constant and effective permeability of phellodendrine and jatrorrhizine in PCC-AR groups were higher than those in the PCC group. Urinary excretion studies revealed that the excreted amount of alkaloids in the PCC-AR group was lower than that in the PCC group. The results revealed that the combination of PCC and AR improves intestinal absorption of alkaloids and reduces their urinary excretion, which enhances their systemic exposure. This study may explain the synergetic effects of PCC and AR in clinical applications.

13.
J Mol Biol ; : 167257, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627792

RESUMO

Stimulator of interferon genes (STING) plays an important role in infection, autoimmune disease and cancer. STING-mediated type I interferon (IFN) signaling is well recognized and extensively studied. Several IFN-independent activities of STING were also discovered in recent years and their physiological importance has begun to be appreciated. Here, we review recent advance in the evolutionary origin and molecular mechanisms of STING-mediated IFN-independent activities. New insights from these studies suggest that STING is not just a simple IFN-producing machine, rather, it functions as a hub that converts multiple environmental cues into diverse cellular responses . This expanded view of STING biology should guide future clinical testing of STING agonists in cancer and treatment of STING-associated human diseases.

14.
Nanotechnology ; 33(4)2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666317

RESUMO

Hierarchical self-assembly of polymeric building blocks into high-level colloidosomes is desirable to not only design novel nanostructures but also fabricate the complex artificial materials across many length scales with multifunctionality. Although great progress has been made in the designing the hierarchical colloidosomes, the fabrication of polymeric colloidosomes self-assembled from block copolymer (BCP) colloidal nanoparticles still remains challenge. Here, we report the fabrication of the hierarchical polymeric colloidosomes with typical hollow internal structures self-assembled from the polystyrene-block-poly (2-vinyl pyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) BCP spherical micelles through the emulsion interfacial confinement, which is constructed through the water-in-1-butanol emulsion system. Moreover, the hierarchical colloidosomes can disassemble into the original uniform spherical micelles under the acid aqueous solution, indicating that the colloidosomes possess good pH stimuli-responsibility. Finally, the stability of the colloidosomes can be greatly improved by cross-linking the P2VP corona of original spherical micelles, offering the effective templates for construction of the multifunctional materials. This finding provides a simple yet effective method for the fabrication of the hierarchical colloidosomes from the BCP building blocks.

15.
Onco Targets Ther ; 14: 5131-5144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712051

RESUMO

Background: 18ß-glycyrrhetinic acid (18ß-Gly), which is extracted from licorice root, has various pharmacological properties; however, its anti-cancer effects on lung cancer cells have not been fully established. Purpose: In this study, we investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms of 18ß-Gly. Results: Our results showed that 18ß-Gly had significant cytotoxic effects and no apparent side effects. 18ß-Gly induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis of A549 lung cancer cells. In addition, after treatment with 18ß-Gly, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were significantly increased, and G2/M cell cycle arrest and inhibition of cell migration were induced via the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)/nuclear factor kappa (NF-κB) signaling pathways. After pretreatment with the ROS scavenger N-acetyl-L-cysteine or MAPK inhibitors, the expression levels of phosphorylated p38 (p-p38), phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase, inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B, cleaved caspase-3 (cle-cas-3), cleaved poly (ADP ribose) polymerase (cle-PARP), p-p53, p27, p21, and E-cadherin were decreased; and levels of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p-STAT3, NF-κB, Bcl-2, cyclin B1, cyclase-dependent kinase 1/2 (CDK1/2), N-cadherin, vimentin, and snail homolog 1 (SNAI 1) were increased. In addition, the percentage of cells in the G2/M phase was decreased, and inhibition of migration was reduced. Conclusion: In summary, 18ß-Gly induced apoptosis and G2/M cell cycle arrest and inhibited migration via the ROS/MAPK/STAT3/NF-κB signaling pathways in A549 lung cancer cells. Therefore, 18ß-Gly is a novel promising candidate for the treatment of lung cancer.

16.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 1233-1240, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34676181

RESUMO

Background: Lenvatinib (LEN) combined with anti-PD-1 antibodies (PD-1) exerted promising effects on unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC). We assessed the safety and clinical efficacy of triple therapy [LEN+PD-1+transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE)] in uHCC. Methods: uHCC patients with an ECOG PS score of 0-1 and Child-Pugh class A who underwent triple therapy were included. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) based on mRECIST. Secondary endpoints were conversion rate to liver resection and treatment-related adverse events. Results: Between November 2018 and December 2020, 62 uHCC patients who underwent triple therapy at four major cancer centers in China were analyzed, including 35 in BCLC-C, 21 in BCLC-B, and 6 in BCLC-A. With a median follow-up of 12.2 months (range, 7.6-33.3 months), the investigator and blinded independent central review-assessed ORR were 80.6% and 77.4%, respectively. A total of 33 patients (53.2%) reached the standard of conversion to resectable HCC and 29 patients underwent resection. The median interval between start of triple therapy and resection was 123 days (range, 55-372 days). Pathological complete response and major pathological response were observed in 16 and 24 patients, respectively. Median overall survival and progression-free survival were not reached. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 74.2% of the patients (grade ≥3, 14.5%; grade ≥4, 4.8%). Conclusion: Combination of LEN, PD-1 and TACE showed a high rate of tumor response and convert resection in uHCC patients, with manageable toxicity.

17.
Adipocyte ; 10(1): 532-545, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699301

RESUMO

Verapamil can restore intracellular calcium homeostasis, increase the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes, reduce lipid droplet accumulation and inhibit inflammation and insulin resistance in high-fat-fed mice. The present study aimed to investigate verapamil's effect and its underlying liver regeneration mechanism in mice with non-alcoholic fatty liver. After 50% hepatectomy was performed, the changes of autophagy and liver regeneration were evaluated by detecting cell proliferation and autophagy at each time point. Then, 25mg/kg verapamil was injected intraperitoneally for 10 d before an operation in the mild to moderate fatty liver and severe fatty liver groups. The control group and mild to moderate fatty liver group reached the peak of proliferation at 24-48h after operation, and the mice with severe fatty liver and steatohepatitis reached the peak at 48-72h. Autophagy in the normal group and mild to moderate fatty liver group reached the peak 48 hours after operation. Verapamil injection can enhance autophagy, reduce the weight of fatty liver mice, improve liver function and liver regeneration. Verapamil can induce autophagy, improve hepatocyte function and promote hepatocyte regeneration through the mTOR independent signaling pathway, thus improving the process of liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy.

19.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153743, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583225

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shaoyao decoction (SYD), a traditional Chinese medicine prescription that originated in the Jin-Yuan Dynasty, has shown effects in treating ulcerative colitis. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. We combined network pharmacology with molecular biology technology to detect the mechanism underlying the effect of SYD on ulcerative colitis. We combined network pharmacology with molecular biology technology to detected the further mechanism in SYD effect on ulcerative colitis. PURPOSE: In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which SYD exerts a protective effect against ulcerative colitis in vivo and in vitro. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We focused on two aspects of the mechanism by which SYD relieves ulcerative colitis, regulation of the MAPK cascade and the NF-κB signaling pathway, through analysis of the "active ingredient-target-disease" network followed by GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis according to network pharmacology. Mice with ulcerative colitis underwent 5% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS), and the RAW 264.7 cell model was used to identify important targets. RESULTS: We found that after 5% DSS treatment, the inflammation indexes and the expression of NLRP3-related proteins were increased concomitant with the loss of mucins and occludin. Treatment with SYD (2.25 g/kg, BW) significantly improved the expression of mucins and occludin after DSS at the protein and transcriptional levels. Furthermore, SYD treatment significantly reduced NF-κB P65 and P38 expression, thus exerting a great antinecrotic effect, as revealed by TUNEL staining and Western blotting. The beneficial effects of SYD were almost canceled by NSC 95397 (an inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP1)) after DSS treatment in vivo or LPS treatment in vitro. In addition, treatment with SYD reduced caspase-1 activity and rescued the release of ASC and GSDMD, thus inhibiting the assembly of NLRP3 and maintaining the integrity of the intestinal barrier. We also conducted in vitro experiments in the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cell model and found that cells incubated with 1 mg/ml SYD for 24 h possessed the highest cell viability. Next, we incubated 1 mg/ml SYD for 24 h after treatment with 1 µg/ml LPS for 6 h. We showed that 1 mg/ml SYD displayed anti-inflammatory and anti-necrotic effects through the NLRP3, NF-κB P65 and P38 pathways, and the effects of SYD were also inhibited by 10 nM NSC 95397. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that SYD has protective effects against ulcerative colitis and alleviates pyroptosis by inhibiting the MKP1/NF-κB/NLRP3 pathway.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Colite , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfato de Dextrana , Inflamassomos , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR
20.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34591226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatectomy with tumor thrombectomy is the preferred treatment option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with bile duct tumor thrombus (BDTT); however, the impact of BDTT on their prognosis is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the long-term surgical outcomes of HCC patients with BDTT. METHODS: The data of HCC patients with and without BDTT who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively reviewed and the long-term outcomes were compared. For propensity score matching (PSM) analysis, patients were matched in a 1:1 ratio. Subgroup analysis was conducted according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system. RESULTS: Before PSM, HCC patients with BDTT had more advanced tumor stages and adverse clinicopathological features. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly higher in the non-BDTT group before PSM (RFS, p < 0.001; OS, p < 0.001), while after PSM, the BDTT group had significantly poorer RFS (p = 0.025). There was no difference in OS between the groups (p = 0.588). Subgroup analysis showed that RFS and OS in AJCC stage I-II patients were significantly poorer in the BDTT group; no differences were found in the AJCC stage III group before or after PSM. When the presence of BDTT was recommended to increase the AJCC staging system by one stage in AJCC stage I-II patients, the predictive ability for RFS and OS was higher. CONCLUSIONS: BDTT was associated with significantly poorer long-term surgical outcomes in AJCC stage I-II patients. A modified AJCC staging system including BDTT status in stage I-II might have a better prognostic ability.

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