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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649115

RESUMO

Certain methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains exhibit ß-lactam-susceptibility in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo in the presence of NaHCO3 (NaHCO3-responsive MRSA). Herein, we investigate the impact of NaHCO3 on factors required for PBP2a functionality. Prototype NaHCO3-responsive and -nonresponsive MRSA strains (as defined in vitro) were assessed for the impact of NaHCO3 on: expression of genes involved in PBP2a production-maturation pathways (mecA, blaZ, pbp4, vraSR, prsA, sigB, and floA); membrane PBP2a and PrsA protein content; and membrane carotenoid content. Following NaHCO3 exposure in NaHCO3-responsive (vs - nonresponsive) MRSA, there was significantly reduced expression of: i) mecA and blaZ; ii) the vraSR-prsA gene axis; and iii) pbp4 Carotenoid production was reduced, while floA expression was increased by NaHCO3 exposure in all MRSA strains. This work underscores the distinct regulatory impact of NaHCO3 on a cadre of genes encoding factors required for maintenance of the MRSA phenotype through PBP2a functionality and maturation.

2.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 335-342, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626625

RESUMO

Objective: Mycoplasma genitalium (Mg) is an opportunity pathogenic microorganism mainly transmitted through sexual contact. In recent years, scholars have paid more attention to Mg infection and pathogenicity. This study was aimed to understand the condition of Mg in the genitourinary tract of different populations in China and provide evidence for further study of its pathogenic characteristics. Methods: Cross-section studies of Mg infection in the Chinese community were searched by China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang digital database, SinoMed, Pubmed, and Web of Science from database construction to March 10th, 2020. Studies were sifted and screened independently by two evaluators based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and Meta-analysis was conducted with R 1.1.463. If I2≤50%, the fixed-effect model should be adopted, if I2>50%, the random effect model should be adopted, and through subgroup analysis, the source of heterogeneity should be found out as far as possible. Results: A total of 47 research articles were included in this article, all of which were medium and high-quality articles. There was no obvious publication bias, and the results were more reliable. The research contained 19 provinces and Hong Kong Special administrative region, including 519 healthy people, 10 504 patients from clinics or hospitals of sexual transmitted disease (STD), 3 200 on Gynecology and 1 624 on Urology, 1 082 patients with men who have sex with men(MSM), 1 842 patients with Female sex worker(FSW), and 3 691 patients with HIV/AIDS. The infection rate of Mg in the genitourinary tract of the healthy population was 0.94% (95%CI: 0.07%-2.78%), the infection rate of Mg was 11.58% (95%CI: 8.57%-14.97%), 15.22% (95%CI: 7.99%-24.27%), 7.32% (95%CI: 4.24%-11.16%) among patients from clinics or hospitals of STD, gynecology and urology respectively. The infection rate of MSM was 9.70% (95%CI: 3.06%-19.52%),the infection rate of FSW was 13.49% (95%CI: 11.97%-15.08%). The infection rate of Mg among HIV infected patients was 20.46% (95%CI: 13.67%-28.22%). Conclusions: The infection rate of Mg in a healthy population was low. Mg infection rate in the genitourinary tract of other groups was still higher, which is worthy of further attention.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318001

RESUMO

There is an urgent need for novel agents to treat drug-resistant bacterial infections, such as multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Desirable properties for new antibiotics include high potency, narrow species selectivity, low propensity to elicit new resistance phenotypes, and synergy with standard-of-care (SOC) chemotherapies. Here, we describe analysis of the antibacterial potential exhibited by F12, an innovative anti-MRSA lysin that has been genetically engineered to evade detrimental antidrug immune responses in human patients. F12 possesses high potency and rapid onset of action, it has narrow selectivity against pathogenic staphylococci, and it manifests synergy with numerous SOC antibiotics. Additionally, resistance to F12 and ß-lactam antibiotics appears mutually exclusive, and, importantly, we provide evidence that F12 resensitizes normally resistant MRSA strains to ß-lactams both in vitro and in vivo These results suggest that combinations of F12 and SOC antibiotics are a promising new approach to treating refractory S. aureus infections.

4.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 831-837, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171555

RESUMO

Objective: To compare and evaluate the clinical outcome of immediate implant therapy in patients with limited buccal bone wall dehiscence and in patients with intact buccal bone wall. Methods: This prospective cohort study included patients intended to receive immediate implant treatment in upper anterior esthetic region in the Department of Implantology, Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University from August to December, 2018. Patients with buccal bone wall dehiscence limited to the coronal half were attributed to experimental group to conduct flap implant surgery (indicating to less than coronal half of the buccal bone wall length from the alveolar bone crest to the implant tip), whereas patients with intact buccal bone wall were attributed to control group to conduct flapless implant surgery. Buccal bone wall resorptions in height and thickness were evaluated 6 months after implant placement. Implant survival rate, pink/white esthetic score and post-operation complications were also analyzed 12 months after implant placement. Paired t-test and two-sample t-test were adopted to analyze the differences of different points within one group and differences between groups, respectively. Results: A total of 38 patients with the age of (39.2±5.8) years (range 19-45 years) and 38 upper anterior single tooth implants were included,in which 19 patients were attributed to experimental group [12 male and 7 female, the age was (37.6±5.3) years], and 19 patients were attributed to control group [9 male and 10 female, the age was (40.8±6.7) years]. Over the 12 months' observation after implant placement, the overall implant survival rate was 97% (37/38), and 18/19 in control group and 19/19 in experimental group. Only one implant lost in control group and no other complications were reported. Buccal bone resorption in thickness and height occurred in both groups within 6 months after implant placement. The thickness and height of buccal bone decreased significantly in both groups within 6 months after implant placement (P<0.05). Thickness decreases in experimental group were (1.32±0.74), (0.53±0.89) and (0.36±0.70) mm in coronal, middle and apical part of implant in experimental, and (1.24±0.57), (0.83±0.46) and (0.38±0.72) mm in coronal, middle and apical part of implant in control group. While the buccal bone height decreases were (0.24±0.15) mm in experimental group and (0.25±0.23) mm in control group. There were no statistical differences between the corresponding spots in the two groups (P>0.05). Upon the final restoration, both group got ideal pink esthetic scores [experimental group (10.92±1.13),control group (10.92±1.26)] and white esthetic scores [experimental group (7.61±0.78), control group (7.40±0.71)], the differences in both groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusions: Clinical results of immediate implant to patients with buccal bone wall dehiscence limited to the coronal half are comparable to the results of patients with intact buccal bone wall.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Implantes Dentários , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33239171

RESUMO

We previously demonstrated that angiopoietin-like 8 (ANGPTL8) forms a localized complex with ANGPTL4 to reduce its lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-inhibitory activity and enable increased postprandial uptake of fatty acids (FA) into adipose tissue. Because prolonged cold exposure may increase adipose tissue FA uptake and decrease circulating triglycerides (TG) by reducing ANGPTL4 expression and inducing ANGPTL8 expression (and thus ANGPTL4/8 expression), we investigated the effect of temperature on ANGPTL4 and ANGPTL4/8 LPL-inhibitory activities in vitro. As the ANGPTL4(E40K) mutation results in decreased TG, we also characterized ANGPTL4(E40K) and ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 complex LPL-inhibitory activities. Interestingly, while ANGPTL3, ANGPTL3/8, and ANGPTL4 showed similar LPL inhibition at 37 °C and 22 °C, the already reduced LPL-inhibitory activity of ANGPTL4/8 at 37 °C was even more decreased at 22 °C. At 37 °C, ANGPTL4(E40K) manifested decreased LPL-inhibitory activity compared to ANGPTL4/8, while ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 had even further reduced potency. Remarkably, ANGPTL4/8, ANGPTL4(E40K), and ANGPTL4(E40K)/8 were each actually capable of stimulating LPL activity at 22 °C. Together, these results indicate that ANGPTL4/8 stimulation of LPL activity at low temperatures may represent an additional mechanism for further increasing adipose tissue FA uptake during cold exposure, beyond that already occurring due to decreased ANGPTL4 expression and increased ANGPTL8 expression. In addition, because ANGPTL4(E40K) has decreased LPL-inhibitory activity compared to ANGPTL4/8, our findings also suggest why ANGPTL4(E40K) carriers have decreased circulating TG levels.

7.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(10): 1008-1012, 2020 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054000

RESUMO

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) continues to rise. While many treatment modalities are available, surgery is still the basis of comprehensive treatment of AEG. Siewert type II AEG, is more controversial than the other two types in terms of lymph node metastasis, surgical approach, extent of resection, and digestive tract reconstruction. When the distance of the superior tumor margin is more than 3 cm proximal to the EGJ line is more than 3 cm, thorough mediastinal lymph node dissection should be performed through thoracic approach. Total gastrectomy is the treatment of choice for Siewert type II tumors. When the tumor stage is in an early stage, the length of the tumor is ≤4 cm, and esophageal involvement is less than 3 cm, transthoracic esophagectomy plus proximal gastrectomy is feasible. The digestive tract reconstruction can be based on the experience of the operator and patient's choice of conditions.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Junção Esofagogástrica , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
8.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(10): 831-837, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33105927

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the effectiveness and safety sofosbuvir/velpatasvir (SOF/VEL) combination ±ribavirin in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in China. Methods: A total of 96 Chinese adults with chronic HCV infection who were treated with SOF/VEL combination ± ribavirin for 12 weeks between July 2018 and February 2020 were selected. HCV RNA, routine blood test, liver, kidney and coagulation function, abdominal Color Doppler ultrasound or CT and liver stiffness were detected at baseline, 4 weeks of treatment, end of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up. Adverse events and laboratory abnormalities during the treatment were recorded. A t-test was used to compare the measurement data between the two groups, and the analysis of variance was used for multiple group comparison. Results: A total of 93 cases (96.9%) achieved sustained virological response (SVR12), of which 3 cases had relapsed. 88 cases (91.7%, 88/96) had achieved rapid virological response (RVR). 96 cases (100%) had achieved virological response by the end of treatment (EOT). In patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis, the average baseline Child-Pugh score and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score was 7.4±1.0, and 11.4±1.7, respectively. Among them, 12 cases of the SOF/VEL combined with RBV treatment had achieved SVR12 (100%) at 12 weeks, while only 3 of the 5 cases of single-tablet regimen of SOF/VEL had achieved SVR12 (60%). There was no significant difference between creatinine levels and baseline during or 12 weeks after treatment. The incidence of adverse events in patients with chronic hepatitis C and compensated cirrhosis was 6.3% (5/79), while that in patients with decompensated cirrhosis was 35.3% (6/17). The most common adverse events were hyperbilirubinemia, fatigue and anemia. There were no serious adverse events, deaths or discontinuation of treatment due to adverse events. Conclusion: SOF/VEL combination ± ribavirin in the treatment of various common genotypes of chronic hepatitis C, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma has higher SVR12 in China, and the tolerance and safety are good.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carbamatos/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Sofosbuvir/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Carbamatos/efeitos adversos , China , Quimioterapia Combinada , Hepacivirus/genética , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos de 4 ou mais Anéis/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Ribavirina/efeitos adversos , Sofosbuvir/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Sci Adv ; 6(36)2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917596

RESUMO

There is a critical need for novel therapies to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other drug-resistant pathogens, and lysins are among the vanguard of innovative antibiotics under development. Unfortunately, lysins' own microbial origins can elicit detrimental antidrug antibodies (ADAs) that undermine efficacy and threaten patient safety. To create an enhanced anti-MRSA lysin, a novel variant of lysostaphin was engineered by T cell epitope deletion. This "deimmunized" lysostaphin dampened human T cell activation, mitigated ADA responses in human HLA transgenic mice, and enabled safe and efficacious repeated dosing during a 6-week longitudinal infection study. Furthermore, the deimmunized lysostaphin evaded established anti-wild-type immunity, thereby providing significant anti-MRSA protection for animals that were immune experienced to the wild-type enzyme. Last, the enzyme synergized with daptomycin to clear a stringent model of MRSA endocarditis. By mitigating T cell-driven antidrug immunity, deimmunized lysostaphin may enable safe, repeated dosing to treat refractory MRSA infections.

10.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 791-794, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810952

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the safety and feasibility of indocyanine green (ICG) injection through accessory incision in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. Methods: A descriptive case series study was carried out. Clinicopathological data of 29 patients with colon cancer undergoing right hemicolectomy at Department of General Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients received ICG injection through accessory incision at the beginning of operation. Results: Among 29 patients, 13 were male and 16 were female with a mean age of (60.8±7.7) years and mean body mass index of (24.3±2.8) kg/m(2); 3 were stage I, 19 were stage II, 7 were stage III. Pericolic, intermediate and main lymph nodes could be detected under near infrared fluorescence imaging (NIRFI) in all the cases. No.6 lymph nodes were observed in 3 cases, while no lymph nodes around superior mesenteric vein (SMV) were found. The average number of fluorescent lymph node was 14.2±6.1. The average developing time of fluorescence was (36.2±3.7) minutes. The average number of harvested lymph nodes was 22.4±8.2. There was no extravasation of imaging agent during the operation, and there were no intraoperative complications such as allergies, massive abdominal bleeding, peripheral organ damage, etc. Operative time was (113.1±10.7) minutes, blood loss during operation was (22.4±3.9) ml, ambulatory time was (1.2±0.4) days, time to the first flatus was (1.7±0.7) days, time to the first fluid diet was (0.7±0.4) days, and postoperative hospital stay was (5.8±1.5) days. No operation-associated complications such as anastomotic bleeding, anastomotic leakage, peritoneal bleeding, peritoneal infection, incision infection occurred after operation. Conclusion: ICG injection through accessory incision in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Idoso , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
mSystems ; 5(3)2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606024

RESUMO

Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endovascular infections are life-threatening syndromes with few therapeutic options. The potential impact of bacteriophages on the persistent outcome has not been well studied. In this study, we investigated the role of a novel prophage (ϕSA169) in MRSA persistence by using a lysogen-free clinically resolving bacteremia (RB) isolate and comparing it to a derivative which was obtained by infecting the RB strain with ϕSA169, which has been lysogenized in a clinical persistent MRSA bacteremia (PB) isolate. Similar to the PB isolate, the ϕSA169-lysogenized RB strain exhibited well-defined in vitro and in vivo phenotypic and genotypic signatures related to the persistent outcome, including earlier activation of global regulators (i.e., sigB, sarA, agr RNAIII, and sae); higher expression of a critical purine biosynthesis gene, purF; and higher growth rates accompanied by lower ATP levels and vancomycin (VAN) susceptibility and stronger δ-hemolysin and biofilm formation versus its isogenic parental RB isolate. Notably, the contribution of ϕSA169 in persistent outcome with VAN treatment was confirmed in an experimental infective endocarditis model. Taken together, these results indicate the critical role of the prophage ϕSA169 in persistent MRSA endovascular infections. Further studies are needed to identify the mechanisms of ϕSA169 in mediating the persistence, as well as establishing the scope of impact, of this prophage in other PB strains.IMPORTANCE Bacteriophages are viruses that invade the bacterial host, disrupt bacterial metabolism, and cause the bacterium to lyse. Because of its remarkable antibacterial activity and unique advantages over antibiotics, for instance, bacteriophage is specific for one species of bacteria and resistance to phage is less common than resistance to antibiotics. Indeed, bacteriophage therapy for treating infections due to multidrug-resistant pathogens in humans has become a research hot spot. However, it is also worth considering that bacteriophages are transferable and could cotransfer host chromosomal genes, e.g., virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes, while lysogenizing and integrating into the bacterial chromosome (prophage), thus playing a role in bacterial evolution and virulence. In the current study, we identified a novel prophage, ϕSA169, from a clinical persistent MRSA bacteremia isolate, and we determined that ϕSA169 mediated well-defined in vitro and in vivo phenotypic and genotypic signatures related to the persistent outcome, which may represent a unique and important persistent mechanism(s).

12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 578-583, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521978

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current practice of preoperative bowel preparation in elective colorectal surgery in China. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted through wechat. The content of the questionnaire survey included professional title of the participants, the hospital class, dietary preparation and protocol, oral laxatives and specific types, oral antibiotics, gastric intubation, and mechanical enema before elective colorectal surgery. A stratified analysis based on hospital class was conducted to understand their current practice of preoperative bowel preparation in elective colorectal surgery. Result: A total of 600 questionnaires were issued, and 516 (86.00%) questionnaires of participants from different hospitals, engaged in colorectal surgery or general surgeons were recovered, of which 366 were from tertiary hospitals (70.93%) and 150 from secondary hospitals (29.07%). For diet preparation, the proportions of right hemicolic, left hemicolic and rectal surgery were 81.59% (421/516), 84.88% (438/516) and 84.88% (438/516) respectively. The average time of preoperative dietary preparation was 2.03 days. The study showed that 85.85% (443/516) of surgeons chose oral laxatives for bowel preparation in all colorectal surgery, while only 4.26% (22/516) of surgeons did not choose oral laxatives. For mechanical enema, the proportions of right hemicolic, left hemicolic and rectal surgery were 19.19% (99/516), 30.04% (155/516) and 32.75% (169/516) respectively. Preoperative oral antibiotics was used by 34.69% (179/516) of the respondents. 94.38% (487/516) of participants were satisfied with bowel preparation, and 55.43% (286/516) of participants believed that preoperative bowel preparation was well tolerated. In terms of preoperative oral laxatives, there was no statistically significant difference between different levels of hospitals [secondary hospitals vs. tertiary hospitals: 90.00% (135/150) vs. 84.15% (308/366), χ(2)=2.995, P=0.084]. Compared with the tertiary hospitals, the surgeons in the secondary hospitals accounted for higher proportions in diet preparation [87.33% (131/150) vs. 76.78% (281/366), χ(2)=7.369, P=0.007], gastric intubation [54.00% (81/150) vs. 36.33% (133/366), χ(2)=13.672, P<0.001], preoperative oral antibiotics [58.67% (88/150) vs. 24.86% (91/366), χ(2)=12.259, P<0.001] and enema [28.67% (43/150) vs. 15.30% (56/366), χ(2)=53.661, P<0.001]. Conclusion: Although the preoperative bowel preparation practice in elective colorectal surgery for most of surgeons in China is basically the same as the current international protocol, the proportions of mechanical enema and gastric intubation before surgery are still relatively high.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Enema/métodos , Protectomia/métodos , Prática Profissional/normas , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Catárticos/administração & dosagem , China , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Transversais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia
13.
J Lipid Res ; 61(8): 1203-1220, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487544

RESUMO

Angiopoietin-like protein (ANGPTL)8 has been implicated in metabolic syndrome and reported to regulate adipose FA uptake through unknown mechanisms. Here, we studied how complex formation of ANGPTL8 with ANGPTL3 or ANGPTL4 varies with feeding to regulate LPL. In human serum, ANGPTL3/8 and ANGPTL4/8 complexes both increased postprandially, correlated negatively with HDL, and correlated positively with all other metabolic syndrome markers. ANGPTL3/8 also correlated positively with LDL-C and blocked LPL-facilitated hepatocyte VLDL-C uptake. LPL-inhibitory activity of ANGPTL3/8 was >100-fold more potent than that of ANGPTL3, and LPL-inhibitory activity of ANGPTL4/8 was >100-fold less potent than that of ANGPTL4. Quantitative analyses of inhibitory activities and competition experiments among the complexes suggested a model in which localized ANGPTL4/8 blocks the LPL-inhibitory activity of both circulating ANGPTL3/8 and localized ANGPTL4, allowing lipid sequestration into fat rather than muscle during the fed state. Supporting this model, insulin increased ANGPTL3/8 secretion from hepatocytes and ANGPTL4/8 secretion from adipocytes. These results suggest that low ANGPTL8 levels during fasting enable ANGPTL4-mediated LPL inhibition in fat tissue to minimize adipose FA uptake. During feeding, increased ANGPTL8 increases ANGPTL3 inhibition of LPL in muscle via circulating ANGPTL3/8, while decreasing ANGPTL4 inhibition of LPL in adipose tissue through localized ANGPTL4/8, thereby increasing FA uptake into adipose tissue. Excessive caloric intake may shift this system toward the latter conditions, possibly predisposing to metabolic syndrome.

14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(9): 4697-4709, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32432733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important in the development and prognosis of prostate cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the functions and mechanism of lnc-SNHG14 in prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) or Western blot (WB) were performed to detect mRNA expressions of SNHG14 and miR-5590-3p, and the protein levels of Yin Yang-1 (YY1) in prostate cancer tissues, adjacent tissues, and cancer cell lines. The correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations between SNHG14, miR-5590-3p, and YY1. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to analyze the overall survival for prostate cancer patients. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was performed to measure cell proliferation ability and flow cytometry assay was used to detect cell apoptotic rate. Besides, transwell assay was used to measure cell invasion ability. In addition, WB was performed to measure protein expressions in prostate cancer cell lines. Finally, Luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify the binding sites between SNHG14 and miR-5590-3p, miR-5590-3p, and YY1. RESULTS: The results showed that SNHG14 was significantly increased in prostate cancer tissues and prostate cancer cell lines, which were related with advanced stage and poor diagnosis for prostate cancer patients. MiR-5590-3p was reduced in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines, which were negatively correlated with SNHG14. YY1 was found to be increased in prostate cancer tissues, which was negatively correlated with miR-5590-3p and positively correlated with SNHG14. Furthermore, SNHG14 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, and promoted cell apoptosis in DU145 cells. In addition, protein expressions of Cyclin D1, Bcl-2, and N-cadherin were repressed, and the levels of Bax, Cleaved Caspase-3, and E-cadherin were increased. Besides, miR-5590-3p inhibition promoted cell proliferation and invasion, and inhibited apoptosis in DU145 cells. Importantly, Luciferase reporter assay proved that SNHG14 could directly sponge with miR-5590-3p, which could bind with YY1 and regulate the functions of cancer cell. Finally, we proved that SNHG14 regulated cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, and invasion via miR-5590-3p/ YY1 axis in prostate cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Above all, we found that SNHG14 was increased in prostate cancer patients, which was related with future diagnosis for prostate cancer patients. Of note, we discovered that SNHG14 could promote cell proliferation, invasion, and repress cell apoptosis via miR-5590-3p/YY1 axis in prostate cancer, which might provide a new target for treating prostate cancer.

15.
Immunohematology ; 36(1): 4-6, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32324038

RESUMO

CONCLUSIONS: This update of the Xg blood group system (Johnson NC. XG: The forgotten blood group system. Immunohematology 2011;27:68-71) notes the identification of a cis-regulatory element of both XG and CD99 expression, remarkably by two independent groups during 2018, and confirmed by another in 2019. A single nucleotide change at the XG locus (rs311103) abolishes GATA1 binding and suppresses both XG and CD99. The last blood group system to resist elucidation of its genetic basis was thereby resolved. Soon afterwards, it was discovered that the rare anti-Xga response, mainly seen in men, is produced by individuals primarily carrying a large deletion in the X chromosome that truncates XG and leads to the Xgnull phenotype.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo
16.
J Infect Dis ; 222(7): 1188-1198, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333768

RESUMO

Persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endovascular infections represent a significant clinical-therapeutic challenge. Of particular concern is antibiotic treatment failure in infections caused by MRSA that are "susceptible" to antibiotic in vitro. In the current study, we investigate specific purine biosynthetic pathways and stringent response mechanism(s) related to this life-threatening syndrome using genetic matched persistent and resolving MRSA clinical bacteremia isolates (PB and RB, respectively), and isogenic MRSA strain sets. We demonstrate that PB isolates (vs RB isolates) have significantly higher (p)ppGpp production, phenol-soluble-modulin expression, polymorphonuclear leukocyte lysis and survival, fibronectin/endothelial cell (EC) adherence, and EC damage. Importantly, an isogenic strain set, including JE2 parental, relP-mutant and relP-complemented strains, translated the above findings into significant outcome differences in an experimental endocarditis model. These observations indicate a significant regulation of purine biosynthesis on stringent response, and suggest the existence of a previously unknown adaptive genetic mechanism in persistent MRSA infection.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340988

RESUMO

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) poses significant therapeutic challenges related to its frequency in clinical infections, innate virulence properties, and propensity for multiantibiotic resistance. MRSA is among the most common causes of endovascular infections, including infective endocarditis (IE). Our objective was to employ transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) to evaluate the effect of exebacase, a novel direct lytic agent, in experimental aortic valve MRSA IE. TTE was utilized to evaluate the in vivo effect of exebacase on MRSA-infected vegetation progression when combined with daptomycin (versus daptomycin alone). Primary intravegetation outcomes were maximum size, weights at sacrifice, and MRSA counts at infection baseline versus after 4 days of daptomycin treatment (alone or in addition to exebacase administered once on treatment day 1). A single dose of exebacase in addition to daptomycin cleared significantly more intravegetation MRSA than daptomycin alone. This was associated with a statistical trend toward reduced maximum vegetation size in the exebacase plus daptomycin versus the daptomycin alone therapy groups (P = 0.07). Also, mean vegetation weights in the exebacase-treated group were significantly lower than those of the daptomycin alone group (P < 0.0001). Maximum vegetation size by TTE correlated with vegetation weight (P = 0.005). In addition, intravegetation MRSA counts in the combination group were significantly lower than those of untreated controls (P < 0.0001) and the daptomycin alone group (P < 0.0001). This study suggests that exebacase has a salutary impact on MRSA-infected vegetation progression when combined with daptomycin, especially in terms of vegetation MRSA burden, size, and weight. Moreover, TTE appears to be an efficient noninvasive tool to assess therapeutic efficacies in experimental MRSA IE.

18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(4): 416-419, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268650

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of clinic standardized blood pressure measurement model (SBPM) applying to first blood pressure measurement among community population aged 35 years old and above. Methods: SBPM was implemented in the community health service center of Dapuqiao street, Huangpu district of Shanghai from June 1, 2018, and the data between June 1 and December 31, 2018 was used as the SBPM data. The first-diagnosis blood pressure measurement data in this center between June 1 and December 31, 2017 was used as the conventional measurement (CM) model data. The detection rate of elevated blood pressure under SBPM was standardized according to the gender and age distribution of subjects in CM. The equilibrium of the value distribution of the end digit of blood pressure value in different pressure-measuring models and difference of elevated blood pressure rate of subjects with different characteristics and seasons were analyzed by using the χ(2) test, and the difference of standardized elevated blood pressure rate in different pressure-measuring models was analyzed by using the U test. Results: The SBPM included 1 548 subjects and 639 (41.28%) of them were males. The CM included 2 952 inpatients and 1 196 (40.51%) of them were males. The frequency of the end digit of blood pressure in SBPM ranged from 9.04% to 10.72%, and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed a balanced distribution of end digit (P values were 0.996 and 0.981 respectively). The frequency of blood pressure end digital in the CM ranged from 0.37% to 67.92%, and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed an unbalanced distribution (both P values <0.001). The crude rate and standardized elevated blood pressure rate in SBPM were 23.19% (359/1 548) and 23.05%, which were higher than that in CM, about 7.22% (213/2 952) (both P values <0.001). The elevated blood pressure rate in SBPM in summer, autumn and winter was 18.85% (141/748), 26.72% (152/591) and 31.58% (66/209), respectively, which was higher than that in CM, about 6.28% (91/1 450), 7.20% (82/1 139) and 11.02% (40/363), respectively (all P values <0.001). Conclusion: The quality of blood pressure data and the efficiency of hypertension screening of SBPM are better than those of CM when applying to first blood pressure measurement among community population aged 35 years old and above.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , China , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Teóricos
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(4): 425-429, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268652

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the effect of influenza vaccination intervention among key populations of chronic disease management in communities of Shanghai. Methods: A total of 50 787 patients aged ≥60 with diabetes, hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Huangpu, Yangpu, Baoshan and Qingpu districts of Shanghai from January 2013 to August 2017 were selected as the intervention group, and 52 268 people from key populations with chronic disease management in Xuhui, Hongkou, Jiading and Fengxian districts were selected as the control group according to the geographical location and economic level. The intervention group accepted follow-up and health education of influenza vaccination via chronic disease outpatient based on information system. The implementation time of the intervention was from September 2017 to January 2018. The basic information and diagnosis information of two groups, and intervention completion of the intervention group were obtained from Shanghai chronic disease management information system and hospital record system. Results: The age of the intervention group and the control group were (76.76±8.33) and (77.97±8.51) years old, respectively (P<0.001); and there were statistical differences in gender, occupational and influenza vaccination rate between the two groups (P<0.001). A total of 28 644 (56.40%) subjects of the intervention group received intervention. There was no significant difference in age composition between finished and unfinished intervention groups (P=0.095), and there was significant difference in gender composition (P=0.044). Before the intervention, the vaccination rate of the intervention group was 0.75% (382 subjects) which was lower than that of the control group with 1.02% (533 subjects) (χ(2)=20.96, P<0.001). After the intervention, the vaccination rate of the intervention group was 1.73% (496 subjects) which was higher than that of the control group with 1.42% (744 subjects) (χ(2)=11.65, P=0.001). Subjects that were male, younger, uptake of influenza vaccine before the intervention, received intervention and professional and technical personnel were more likely to take influenza vaccine, with OR (95%CI) 1.29 (1.13-1.47), 0.97 (0.96-0.98), 260.30 (215.21-314.83), 1.85 (1.61-2.11) and 1.48 (1.10-1.99), respectively. Conclusion: Influenza vaccination intervetion raised the vaccination rate of key population of chronic disease management. Male, younger, those who had been vaccinated before the intervention, who received the intervention, and professional and technical personnel were more likely to be vaccinated.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Doença Crônica , Diabetes Mellitus , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão , Masculino , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica
20.
J Fish Biol ; 96(6): 1341-1348, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32162333

RESUMO

Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (Myd88) plays an important role in both innate and adaptive immune response. In this study, the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of myd88 from Misgurnus anguillicaudatus was characterized. The myd88 cDNA is 1333 bp in length and contains an 855 bp open reading frame encoding a predicted protein of 284 amino acids. The predicted protein possesses typical Myd88 domain structural features including a death domain in the N-terminus, and box 1, 2, and 3 motifs of the Toll/IL-1 receptor domain in the C-terminus. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed that myd88 messenger RNA (mRNA) was ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues, especially highly in brain, kidney, blood, intestines and liver. qRT-PCR and western blotting were used to determine the mRNA and protein levels of Myd88 after Aeromonas veronii challenge, respectively. The Myd88 was remarkably upregulated in response to infection of A. veronii. These results suggested that Myd88 may play a vital role during the immune response of M. anguillicaudatus against bacterial infection.


Assuntos
Cipriniformes/genética , Cipriniformes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/imunologia , Aeromonas veronii/imunologia , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
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