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1.
Cancer Res ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690671

RESUMO

Acquired resistance to HER2-targeted therapies occurs frequently in HER2+ breast tumors and new strategies for overcoming resistance are needed. Here we report that resistance to trastuzumab is reversible, as resistant cells regained sensitivity to the drug after being cultured in drug-free media. RNA-sequencing analysis showed that cells resistant to trastuzumab or trastuzumab + pertuzumab in combination increased expression of oxidative phosphorylation pathway genes. Despite minimal changes in mitochondrial respiration, these cells exhibited increased expression of ATP synthase genes and selective dependency on ATP synthase function. Resistant cells were sensitive to inhibition of ATP synthase by oligomycin A, and knockdown of ATP5J or ATP5B, components of ATP synthase complex, rendered resistant cells responsive to a low dose of trastuzumab. Furthermore, combining ATP synthase inhibitor oligomycin A with trastuzumab led to regression of trastuzumab-resistant tumors in vivo. In conclusion, we identify a novel vulnerability of cells with acquired resistance to HER2-targeted antibody therapies and reveal a new therapeutic strategy to overcome resistance.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14934, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624295

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to identify a novel target for antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) development in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), which has limited treatment options, using gene expression datasets and in vitro siRNA/CRISPR and in vivo functional assays. We analyzed 4467 breast cancers and identified GABRP as top expressed gene in TNBC with low expression in most normal tissues. GABRP protein was localized to cell membrane with broad range of receptors/cell (815-53,714) and expressed by nearly half of breast cancers tissues. GABRP gene knockdown inhibited TNBC cell growth and colony formation in vitro and growth of MDA-MB-468 xenografts in nude mice. Commercially available anti-GABRP antibody (5-100 µg/ml) or de novo generated Fabs (20 µg/ml) inhibited TNBC cell growth in vitro. The same antibody conjugated to mertansine (DM1) also showed significant anticancer activity at nanomolar concentrations. Our results indicate that GABRP is a potential novel therapeutic target for ADC development.

3.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(11): 693, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605244

RESUMO

A composite nanoenzyme was used in a sandwich-type electrochemical immunoassay for the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Hierarchically porous palladium nanospheres (Pd NPs) were functionalized with glutathione-capped gold nanoparticles (G-Au NPs) and then loaded onto graphene oxide (GO) to obtain a peroxidase mimicking nanoenzyme of type GO-supported G-Au/Pd. The composite can catalyze the oxidation of the substrate tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) by H2O2 to give blue-colored oxidized TMB within only 20 s. This strong peroxidase activity, good conductivity and high specific surface area of the material make it a useful label for secondary antibodies (Ab2) for the detection of CEA. The cotton-like electrodeposited gold nanoparticles with good electrical conductivity were used to immobilize primary antibody (Ab1). The amperometric immunoassay has a detection range that extends from 10 fg·mL-1 to 100 ng·mL-1 at a working potential of -0.4 V with addition of 5 mmol·L-1 H2O2 as electrochemically active substrate, and the detection limit is as low as 3.2 fg·mL-1 (S/N = 3). Graphical abstract Schematic of sandwich electrochemical immunosensor for the carcinoembryonic antigen. Electrodeposited gold used as substrate material, and Graphene oxide supported G-Au NPs functionalized porous Pd nanospheres (GO supported G-Au/Pd) as signal amplification platform, which catalyze the oxidation of tetramethylbenzidine (TMB).

4.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 226: 117649, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629983

RESUMO

The protamine capped gold nanoclusters (AuNCs@PRT) were synthesized by an one-pot approach, and utilized as a nanoprobe for highly sensitive and selective assay of U(VI) ions. The method is based on the aggregation induced fluorescent quenching of AuNCs@PRT by U(VI) ions. Under optimum conditions, the decrease of fluorescence intensity displayed a good linear correlation with the concentration of U(VI) ions ranging from 20.4 nM to 9.74 µM, with a detection limit of 6.1 nM. The relative standard deviations were 3.86%, 1.41% and 1.71% via 11 detections at concentrations of 40 nM, 0.40 µM and 4.0 µM of U(VI), respectively. The quenching mechanism was demonstrated to be due to the binding of U(VI) towards PRT to cause the aggregation of AuNCs@PRT rather than metal-metal interaction. The results suggest the potential application of this approach for monitoring the level of U(VI) in environmental samples.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485941

RESUMO

Residential coal combustion is one of the main sources of ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Updating its emission estimation is limited by the shortages of emission factors, especially for them in different particle sizes and from different combustion conditions. PAH emission factors (EFs) for nine size-segregated particle segments emitted from smoldering and flaming combustion of residential coals (four kinds of raw coals (RCs) and three kinds of honeycomb coal briquettes (HCBs)) were obtained in China, using a dilution sampling system. EFs of PAHs for the flaming and smoldering of HCB ranged from 1.32 to 2.04 mg kg-1 and 0.35 to 5.36 mg kg-1, respectively. The EFs of PAHs for RC flaming combustion varied from 0.50 to 218.96 mg kg-1. About 53.5-96.4% and 47.4-90.9% of PAHs concentrated in PM2.1 and PM1.1, respectively. Different fuel types and combustion conditions strongly affected the PAH EFs. The PAH EF for the RC was 0.3 times that for HCB in Guizhou, which implied that PAH EFs for RC combustion were not always higher than those from HCB burning. For different combustion conditions, the PAH EFs from flaming were more than 2.5 times higher than those from smoldering for HCB except in the Anhui region. Results indicated that current PAH EFs may not be universal, which may bias the establishment of control policies for toxic pollutants emitted from domestic coal burning. On average, 73.2 ± 15.5% of total PAH potential toxicity risks were concentrated in submicron particles. More size-segregated PAH EFs for residential coal combustion should be investigated considering combustion conditions with a uniform sampling method in China.

6.
Inorg Chem ; 58(19): 13376-13381, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532649

RESUMO

In this work, we present the formation of two open-ended hexagonal-prism tubular macrocycles by the [6 + 12] self-assembly of the symmetric ∼120° organic ligand donor with ∼90° Pt(II) acceptor in a 1:2 ratio. The assembled structures were characterized by multinuclear NMR (1H NMR, 31P{1H} NMR, and 1H-1H COSY NMR), electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS), traveling wave ion mobility-mass spectrometry (TWIM-MS), and transmission electron microscopy. Molecular modeling was further conducted to get insight into their structured characteristics. We also examined their photophysical properties.

7.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383984

RESUMO

Since publication of this article, the authors reported that the names of the corresponding authors had been placed in the wrong order.

8.
Oncogene ; 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417184

RESUMO

Elucidating mechanisms in tumor suppressors and epigenetic modifiers are needed to gain insights into the etiology and treatment of cancer, the interplay between long intergenic non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and chromatin remodeling remains unclear. Here, we showed that GIAT4RA, a poorly characterized lncRNA LOC102723729, was significantly decreased in lung cancer cells and tissues; while no association was observed with clinical risk factors, expression was linked with clinical stage and lymphatic metastasis. Higher expression of GIAT4RA was linked with overall survival in NSCLC. GIAT4RA inhibited many characteristics of tumorigenesis including cell growth, clonal formation, migration and invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, tumor sphere and tumor growth in vivo. Mechanistically, GIAT4RA was essential for the degradation of chromatin modifier lymphoid-specific helicase (LSH) by counteracting the deubiquintination in proteasome pathway by binding to 227-589 AA of LSH. GIAT4RA interfered with ubiquitin hydrolase Uchl3-mediated interaction and stabilization of LSH. LSH knockdown rescued GIAT4RA-promoted features, and LSH overexpression prevented GIAT4RA-induced phenotypes. Taken together, lncRNA GIAT4RA plays a critical role in NSCLC adenocarcinoma as a ubiquitination regulator and tumor suppressor.

9.
Gene ; 713: 143974, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301484

RESUMO

An orthologous gene of SEPALLATA1, designated as IiSEP1, was isolated from Isatis indigotica. The genomic DNA of IiSEP1 is 3.1 Kb in length. The full-length cDNA of IiSEP1 is 1481 bp and contains a 756 bp ORF encoding a 251-amino-acid protein. Sequence comparison revealed that IiSEP1 belonged to the MADS-box gene family. IiSEP1 contains 7 exons and 6 introns, showing similar exon-intron structure with Arabidopsis SEP1. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that IiSEP1 belonged to AGL2/SEP subfamily and was likely to be an I. indigotica ortholog of Arabidopsis SEP1. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that IiSEP1 was predominantly expressed in the reproductive organs. Ectopic expression of IiSEP1 in Arabidopsis resulted in early flowering, accompanied with the reduction of inflorescence number and the production of terminal flower on the top of the main stems. Moreover, IiSEP1 overexpressing flowers generated numerous variations in phenotype. The sepals were changed into petal-sepal mosaic structures or displayed carpelloid features, and transparent ovules were formed in internal surface of these sepals. In addition, some flowers were constituted by sepals and pistil, but lacked petals and stamens. Taken together, IiSEP1 might play important roles in reproductive growth of I. indigotica and could affect the morphogenesis of flowers and fruits.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Isatis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Schizosaccharomyces pombe/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/genética , Flores/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Isatis/genética , Proteínas de Domínio MADS/genética , Fenótipo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Homologia de Sequência
10.
Oncologist ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for high-risk endometrial cancer remains unclear. This prompted us to evaluate the sensitivity, negative predictive value (NPV), and false-negative (FN) rate of cervical injection of indocyanine green (ICG) SLN mapping in patients with endometrial cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective interventional study was performed at a single university teaching hospital. Consecutive patients with early-stage endometrial cancer who underwent laparoscopic surgical staging were included. Cervical injection of ICG and near-infrared SLN identification and biopsy were performed for all study patients followed by systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy, whereas para-aortic lymphadenectomy was performed in all patients with high-risk histologies. SLN detection rates, sensitivity, NPV, and FN rates were calculated. RESULTS: Between July 2016 and July 2018, 131 patients were enrolled. The overall SLN detection rate was 93.1%, with a bilateral detection rate of 61.8%. Four positive SLNs were identified in four patients. Lymph node metastasis was observed in four additional patients without positive SLNs. These four patients belonged to a group of patients with a high-risk subtype. Three of the four patients had isolated para-aortic node metastases. In low-risk endometrial cancers, the sensitivity of the SLN technique to identify nodal metastatic disease was 100% (95% confidence interval [CI] 31.0-100), with an NPV and FN rate of 100% (95% CI 95.1-100) and 0%, respectively. In high-risk endometrial cancers, the sensitivity, NPV, and FN rate were 20% (95% CI 1.0-70.1), 83.3% (95% CI 61.8-94.5), and 80%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Cervical injection of ICG and SLN mapping yielded a low sensitivity and a high FN rate for the identification of node metastasis in endometrial cancer with high-risk histologies. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The efficacy of sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping for high-risk endometrial cancer remains unclear. This study enrolled 131 patients with early-stage endometrial cancer who underwent cervical injection of indocyanine green SLN mapping followed by systematic pelvic lymphadenectomy and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. The key result was that SLN mapping yielded a low sensitivity and a high false-negative rate for the identification of node metastasis in endometrial cancer with high-risk histologies. The SLN strategy in these patients may increase the risk of missed diagnosis of isolated para-aortic node metastases and seems to be unacceptable in clinical practice.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(8): 5403-5414, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148354

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 26A1 (CYP26A1) plays important roles in the mice peri-implantation period. Inhibiting its expression or function leads to pregnancy failure. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms involved, especially the relationship between CYP26A1 and immune cells. In this study, using Cyp26a1-specific antisense morpholigos (Cyp26a1-MO) knockdown mice model and pCR3.1-Cyp26a1 vaccine mice model, we found that the number of uterine CD45+ CD11c+ MHCIIlo-hi F4/80- dendritic cells (DCs) was significantly decreased in the treated mice. The percentage of mature DCs (CD86hi ) was obviously lower and the percentage of immature DCs (CD86lo ) was remarkably higher in uterine DCs in the treatment group than that of the control group. Further experiments found that ID2, a transcription factor associated with DCs development, and CD86, a DC mature marker molecule, were both significantly reduced in mice uteri in the treated group. In vitro, ID2 and CD86 also decreased in bone marrow-derived DCs under Cyp26a1-MO treatment. These findings provide novel information that CYP26A1 might affect the embryo implantation via modulating the differentiation and maturation of uterine DCs.

12.
Metab Brain Dis ; 34(5): 1375-1384, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236807

RESUMO

Hypidone hydrochloride (YL-0919), is a novel structural antidepressant candidate as a triple selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (SSRI), 5-HT1A partial agonist and 5-HT6 agonist. Here, we investigated the rapid onset antidepressant-like effects of YL-0919 and the possible mechanism in rats exposed to a chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) paradigm. In the CUS rats, it was found that fluoxetine (FLX, 10 mg/kg) treatment exerted antidepressant actions on 20-22d, while YL-0919 or vilazodone (VLZ, a dual 5-HT1A partial agonist and SSRI) administrated once daily exerted faster antidepressant-like behaviors [4 days in the sucrose preference test (SPT) and 6 days in the novelty suppressed feeding test (NSF)]. Thereafter, the serum corticosterone (CORT) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels were reversed by treatment with YL-0919 for 7 days. Furthermore, YL-0919 treatment for 5 days reversed the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling and the key synaptic proteins, such as post-synaptic density (PSD95), GluR1 and presynaptic protein synapsin1. Meanwhile, the dendritic complexity of pyramidal neurons in prefrontal cortex (PFC) were also increased in the CUS rats. These data suggest that YL-0919 exerts a faster antidepressant-like effect on behaviors and this effect maybe at least partially mediated by the BDNF-mTOR signaling related dendritic complexity increase in the PFC.

13.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 280, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31253190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elucidating mechanisms in oncogenes and epigenetic modifiers are needed to gain insights into the etiology and treatment of cancer, regulation of oncogene by chromatin modifiers at post-transcriptional level is critical and remains unclear. We have investigated the role of GINS4 in NSCLC. METHODS: The expression of chromatin modifier lymphoid-specific helicase (LSH) and GINS4 was assessed in tumor and normal tissue from 79 patients with NSCLC with clinical characteristics. HBE, A549, H358, and H522, PC9, 95C and 95D were cultured after overexpression or silencing of GIAT4RA. Cell proliferation assay, cell migration and invasion assays, plate colony formation assay, immunofluorescence assay, Operetta® high-content screening and analysis, Western blot analysis and Co-Immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay and tumor growth assay was used to address the potential interplay of between GINS4 and LSH, and the functional of GINS4. RESULTS: GINS4 is highly expressed in lung cancer cells and tissues, and GINS4 expression is not association with clinical risk factors, but linked with clinical stage and lymphatic metastasis status. Higher expression of GINS4 poorly linked with overall survival in lung adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, GINS4 promoted many characteristics of tumorigenesis including cell growth, clonal formation, migration and invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, tumor sphere and tumor growth in vivo. Interestingly, our results demonstrated that LSH increases GINS4 expression through binding to 3'UTR region of GINS4 and stabilizing its mRNA levels. Finally, LSH overexpression rescues GINS4 knockdown-induced features. CONCLUSIONS: GINS4 facilitates lung cancer progression by promoting key characteristics of tumor potential, and LSH epigenetically interacts with and stabilizes GINS4 transcripts.

14.
Hypertension ; 74(1): 154-163, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154903

RESUMO

Preeclampsia impairs fetoplacental vascular function and increases risks of adult-onset cardiovascular disorders in children born to preeclamptic mothers, implicating that preeclampsia programs fetal vasculature in utero. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We hypothesize that preeclampsia alters fetal endothelial gene expression and disturbs cytokines- and growth factors-induced endothelial responses. RNA sequencing analysis was performed on unpassaged human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) from normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies. Functional assays for endothelial monolayer integrity, proliferation, and migration were conducted on passage 1 HUVECs from normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies. Compared with normotensive cells, 926 and 172 genes were dysregulated in unpassaged female and male HUVECs from preeclamptic pregnancies, respectively. Many of these preeclampsia-dysregulated genes are associated with cardiovascular diseases (eg, heart failure) and endothelial function (eg, cell migration, calcium signaling, and endothelial nitric oxide synthase signaling). TNF (tumor necrosis factor)-α-, TGF (transforming growth factor)-ß1-, FGF (fibroblast growth factor)-2-, and VEGFA (vascular endothelial growth factor A)-regulated gene networks were differentially disrupted in unpassaged female and male HUVECs from preeclamptic pregnancies. Moreover, preeclampsia decreased endothelial monolayer integrity in responses to TNF-α in both female and male HUVECs. Preeclampsia decreased TGF-ß1-strengthened monolayer integrity in female HUVECs, whereas it enhanced FGF-2-strengthened monolayer integrity in male HUVECs. Preeclampsia promoted TNF-α-, TGF-ß1-, and VEGFA-induced cell proliferation in female, but not in male HUVECs. Preeclampsia inhibited TNF-α-induced cell migration in female HUVECs, but had an opposite effect on male HUVECs. In conclusion, preeclampsia differentially dysregulates cardiovascular diseases- and endothelial function-associated genes/pathways in female and male fetal endothelial cells in association with the sexual dimorphisms of preeclampsia-dysregulated fetal endothelial function.

15.
J Plant Physiol ; 240: 152991, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207459

RESUMO

The coding sequence of NtabSPL6-1 was cloned by high-fidelity PCR with specific primers and was used in construction of a binary vector for overexpression. Wild-type Col-0 Arabidopsis plants and Qinyan95 tobacco leaves were transformed using floral dip and leaf disc methods, respectively. Phenotypic observation showed that constitutive expression of NtabSPL6-1 in Arabidopsis could promote the development of trichomes on leaf epidermis and influence the growth pattern of cauline leaves. In tobacco, ectopic expression of NtabSPL6-1 led to dwarfism of the plants and alteration of the leaf structure, accompanied by changes of the glandular trichomes in development. At the same time, the self-regulation capability of NtabSPL6-1 was determined by yeast two-hybrid system. The results indicated that SBP-C terminal domain and C terminal domain of NtabSPL6-1 possessed strong transcriptional activation ability; the intact protein, N terminal domain, and the first peptide fragment in N terminal domain possessed weak transcriptional activation ability; and the second and the third peptide fragments in N terminal domain had no transcriptional activation ability, suggesting the N terminal domain of NtabSPL6-1 could block the activity of the C terminal domain. NtabSPL6-1 may affect the resistance of plants to biotic stress factors indirectly by regulation of the trichome growth.

16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(2): 182-184, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31184053

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria in Chenzhou City, Hunan Province, so as to provide the reference for consolidating the malaria elimination and formulating the prevention and control strategies of imported malaria. METHODS: The epidemiological characteristics of imported malaria were statistically analyzed in Chenzhou City from 2010 to 2017. RESULTS: Totally 46 malaria cases, which were all imported, were reported in Chenzhou City from 2010 to 2017, with an average annual incidence of 0.12/105. The reported malaria cases were mainly falciparum malaria, accounting for 60.87% of the total number of cases. There was no obvious seasonal distribution of malaria cases, but the top of reported cases were in June. Totally 73.91% of malaria cases were concentrated in Beihu District, Suxian District, Guiyang County and Zixing City. These cases were mainly the young and middle-aged and 69.57% of the cases were from 36 to 60 years old. There was a statistically significant difference in the distribution of malaria patients among the age groups (χ2 = 47.80, P < 0.01). The median time from onset to diagnosis was 6 days, and the case confirmed institutions were dominated by municipal and above medical institutions, accounting for 52.17% of the total number of cases. There was a statistically significant difference in the proportion of confirmed cases among medical and health institutions at all levels ( χ2 = 41.96, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The importation of malaria in Chenzhou City is still severe. The awareness of malaria diagnosis and treatment in primary medical institutions, malaria patients' serum tests, and the health education of malaria control and prevention knowledge should be strengthened to consolidate the malaria elimination results.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas , Malária , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Importadas/parasitologia , Humanos , Incidência , Malária/epidemiologia , Malária/prevenção & controle , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236895

RESUMO

As a green and powerful tool, biocatalysis has emerged as a perfect alternative to traditional chemistry. The bottleneck during process development is discovery of novel enzymes with desired properties and independent intellectual property. Herein, we have successfully bioprospected three novel bacterial α-L-rhamnosidases from human fecal metagenome using a combinatorial strategy by high-throughput de novo sequencing combined with in silico searching for catalytic key motifs. All three novel α-L-rhamnosidases shared low sequence identities with reported (< 35%) and putative ones (< 57%) from public database. All three novel α-L-rhamnosidases were over-expressed as soluble form in Escherichia coli with high-level production. Furthermore, all three novel α-L-rhamnosidases hydrolyzed the synthetic substrate p-nitrophenyl α-L-rhamnopyranoside and natural flavonoid glycosides rutin and naringin with some excellent properties, such as high activity in acidic pH, high activity at low or high temperature, and good tolerance for alcohols and DMSO. Our findings would provide a convenient route for target discovery of the promising biocatalysts from the metagenomes for biotransformation and biosynthesis.

18.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(9): 1018-1029, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31140740

RESUMO

AIMS: This study determines whether assessment with compound action potentials (CAPs) can distinguish two different forms of cerebral white matter injury at the functional levels. METHODS: A pure demyelination model was induced in C57/BL6 adult mice by dietary supplementation of cuprizone (0.2%) for 6 weeks. Callosal L-N5-(1-Iminoethyl) ornithine (L-NIO) hydrochloride (27 mg/mL) was injected into the corpus callosum (CC) to induce a focal white matter stroke (WMS), resulting in both demyelination and axonal injury. White matter integrity was assessed by performing CAP recording, electron microscopy, and immunohistological and luxol fast blue (LFB) staining. RESULTS: Immunohistological and electron microscopic analyses confirmed the induction of robust demyelination in CC with cuprizone, and mixed demyelination and axonal damage with L-NIO. Electrophysiologically, cuprizone-induced demyelination significantly reduced the amplitude of negative peak 1 (N1), but increased the amplitude of negative peak 2 (N2), of the CAPs compared to the sham controls. However, cuprizone did not affect the axonal conduction velocity. In contrast, the amplitude and area of both N1 and N2 along with N1 axonal conduction velocity were dramatically decreased in L-NIO-induced WMS. CONCLUSIONS: Concertedly, parameters of the CAPs offer a novel functional assessment strategy for cerebral white matter injury in rodent models.

19.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1069: 117-125, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084737

RESUMO

Sensitive detection of early ovarian cancer is imminent for women's health. Human epididymis specific protein 4 antigen (HE4 Ag), as a novel tumor marker, has good specificity and sensitivity in ovarian cancer markers, especially for the detection of early ovarian cancer. In this work, a novel and ultrasensitive sandwich-type amperometric electrochemical immunosensor was constructed using amine modified graphene supported gold nanorods (Au NRs/NH2-GS) as a sensor platform and core-shell Au@Pd urchin-shaped nanostructures (Au@Pd USs) as a label of the secondary antibodies (Ab2, Au@Pd USs-Ab2) to realize the quantitative determination of HE4 Ag. The Au NRs/NH2-GS were used for increasing the electrode surface area and effectively immobilizing primary antibodies (Ab1) due to its good water-solubility. The Au@Pd USs have special morphology with high crystal surface index and good stability, capable of loading secondary antibodies (Ab2) and providing a larger active site for the catalysis of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The proposed immunosensor displays excellent performance for HE4 Ag detection over the range from 1 pmol L-1 to 50 nmol L-1 with a detection limit of 0.33 pmol L-1 (signal-to-noise ratio of 3). Moreover, the designed immunosensor exhibits excellent reproducibility, selectivity, and stability, which shows great potential in clinical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Imunoensaio , Proteínas/análise , Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Reações Antígeno-Anticorpo , Catálise , Ouro/química , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Paládio/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Propriedades de Superfície
20.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 4005-4013, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The ADRB2 gene encodes the ß2-adrenergic receptor (ß2-AR). This study aimed to determine the association between the C79G polymorphism of the ADRB2 gene and its association with pediatric asthma using a meta-analysis of the published data. MATERIAL AND METHODS Review of publications up to May 2018 was from the PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases. The odds ratio (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used in evaluating the strength of the reported association between the C79G polymorphism of the ADRB2 gene and pediatric asthma. RESULTS There were 18 controlled studies that included 2,982 pediatric cases of asthma and 2,651 controls. Expression of the C79G polymorphism of the ADRB2 gene was significantly associated with risk of pediatric asthma associated with the C or G allele with comparison of the co-dominant model (GG vs. CC: OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.55-0.88) and the recessive model (GG vs. CC+CG: OR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.53-0.81). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed a significantly reduced risk of pediatric asthma in Asian patients for comparison of the co-dominant model (GG vs. CC: OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.45-0.78), the recessive model (GG vs. CC+CG: OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.45-0.76), and the allelic model (G vs. C: OR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.79-0.99). CONCLUSIONS The C79G polymorphism of the ADRB2 gene encoding ß2-AR was associated with a reduced risk for the development of pediatric asthma, particularly in the Asian population.

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