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Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299241


In this paper, we suggest that the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of pure titanium metal may be useful for improving the ability of rat bone marrow cells (RBMCs) to induce hard tissue differentiation. Previous studies have reported that the use of argon gas induces a higher degree of hard tissue formation. Therefore, this study compares the effects of plasma treatment with argon gas on the initial adhesion ability and hard tissue differentiation-inducing ability of RBMCs. A commercially available titanium metal plate was used as the experimental material. A plate polished using water-resistant abrasive paper #1500 was used as the control, and a plate irradiated with argon mixed with atmospheric pressure plasma was used as the experimental plate. No structural change was observed on the surface of the titanium metal plate in the scanning electron microscopy results, and no change in the surface roughness was observed via scanning probe microscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed a decrease in the carbon peak and the formation of hydroxide in the experimental group. In the distilled water drop test, a significant decrease in the contact angle was observed for the experimental group, and the results indicated superhydrophilicity. Furthermore, the bovine serum albumin adsorption, initial adhesion of RBMCs, alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium deposition, and genetic marker expression of rat bone marrow cells were higher in the experimental group than those in the control group at all time points. Rat distal femur model are used as in vivo model. Additionally, microcomputed tomography analysis showed significantly higher results for the experimental group, indicating a large amount of the formed hard tissue. Histopathological evaluation also confirmed the presence of a prominent newly formed bone seen in the images of the experimental group. These results indicate that the atmospheric pressure plasma treatment with argon gas imparts superhydrophilicity, without changing the properties of the pure titanium plate surface. It was also clarified that it affects the initial adhesion of bone marrow cells and the induction of hard tissue differentiation.

Argônio/farmacologia , Osseointegração/efeitos dos fármacos , Gases em Plasma/química , Animais , Argônio/química , Pressão Atmosférica , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/métodos , Osseointegração/fisiologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica/métodos , Gases em Plasma/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Propriedades de Superfície , Titânio/química , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
Materials (Basel) ; 13(12)2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32570895


Nanostructured zirconia/alumina composite (NANOZR) has been explored as a suitable material for fabricating implants for patients with metal allergy. In this study, we examined the effect of UV treatment on the NANOZR surface. The experimental group was UV-treated NANOZR and the control group was untreated NANOZR. Observation of the surface of the UV-treated materials revealed no mechanical or structural change; however, the carbon content on the material surface was reduced, and the material surface displayed superhydrophilicity. Further, the effects of the UV-induced superhydrophilic properties of NANOZR plates on the adhesion behavior of various cells were investigated. Treatment of the NANOZR surface was found to facilitate protein adsorption onto it. An in vitro evaluation using rat bone marrow cells, human vascular endothelial cells, and rat periodontal ligament cells revealed high levels of adhesion in the experimental group. In addition, it was clarified that the NANOZR surface forms active oxygen and suppresses the generation of oxidative stress. Overall, the study results suggested that UV-treated NANOZR is useful as a new ceramic implant material.

Materials (Basel) ; 13(10)2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429186


Contamination of implants is inevitable during different steps of production as well as during the clinical use. We devised a new implant cleaning strategy to restore the bioactivities on dental implant surfaces. We evaluated the efficiency of the Finevo cleaning system, and Ultraviolet and Plasma treatments to decontaminate hydrocarbon-contaminated titanium disks. The surfaces of the contaminated titanium disks cleaned using the Finevo cleaning system were similar to those of the uncontaminated titanium disks in scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, but no obvious change in the roughness was observed in the scanning probe microscopy analysis. The rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMMSCs) cultured on the treated titanium disks attached to and covered the surfaces of disks cleaned with the Finevo cleaning system. The alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium deposition, and osteogenesis-related gene expression in rBMMSCs on disks cleaned using the Finevo cleaning system were higher compared to those in the ultraviolet and plasma treatments, displaying better cell functionality. Thus, the Finevo cleaning system can enhance the attachment, differentiation, and mineralization of rBMMSCs on treated titanium disk surfaces. This research provides a new strategy for cleaning the surface of contaminated titanium dental implants and for restoration of their biological functions.