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1.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3267-3268, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712806

RESUMO

Amaranthus dubius is a leafy vegetable widely cultivated in Asia and Africa. The complete chloroplast genome of Amaranthus dubius was sequenced and assembled in this study. The complete chloroplast genome is 150,520 bp. A total of 130 genes were identified, including 85 protein-coding genes, eight rRNA genes, and 37 tRNA genes. The overall GC content of this genome was 36.6%. The phylogenetic tree based on 10 chloroplast genomes in Amaranthaceae supports that A. dubius is sister to A. hypochondriacus and A. caudatus.

2.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3186-3187, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660897

RESUMO

Ranunculus japonicus is an important medicinal herb widely used in East Asia. In this study, we report the first complete chloroplast genome sequence of Ranunculus japonicus using next-generation sequencing technology. The chloroplast genome size of R. japonicus was 156,981 bp. A total of 129 genes were included, consisting 84 protein-coding genes, eight rRNA genes, and 37 tRNA genes. Thirteen protein-coding genes had intron (ycf3 gene, rps12 gene, rps12 gene, clpP gene contained two introns). A further phylogenomic analysis of Ranunculaceae, including 10 taxa, was conducted for assessing the placement of R. japonicus. It will provide valuable genetic information for this medicinally important species.

3.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(8): 2322-2323, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345686

RESUMO

As an important medicinal herb, no complete organelle molecular data has been reported for Tubocapsicum anomalum. In this study, the first complete chloroplast genome of Tubocapsicum anomalum Makino was sequenced and assembled. The genome is 155,802 bp in length and contained 124 encoded genes in total, including 75 protein-coding genes, 10 ribosomal RNA genes, and 39 transfer RNA genes. The phylogenomic analysis showed that Tubocapsicum anomalum was closely related to Withania somnifera according the current sampling extent.

4.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(9): 2464-2465, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34377798

RESUMO

The first complete chloroplast genome of Aster ageratoides Turcz. var. scaberulus (Miq.) Ling. is reported in this study. The total chloroplast genome size of A. ageratoides var. scaberulus was 153,071 bp and comprised of a large single-copy region (LSC with 84,896 bp), a small single-copy region (SSC with 18,269 bp), and two inverted repeat regions (IR with 24,953 bp). A total of 122 genes were included in the genome, including 83 protein-coding genes, 8 rRNA genes, and 37 tRNA genes. Eleven protein-coding genes had intron (ycf3, clpP and rps12 gene contained two introns. Further phylogenomic analysis of Asteraceae, including 13 taxa, was conducted for the placement of A. ageratoides var. scaberulus.

5.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183754

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating disease, in which neuroinflammation substantially contributes to brain injury. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is a member of the mitochondrial anion carrier family, which uncouples oxidative phosphorylation from ATP synthesis by facilitating proton leak across the mitochondrial inner membrane. UCP2 has been reported to modulate inflammation. In this study we investigated whether and how UCP2 modulated neuroinflammation through microglia/macrophages following ICH in vitro and in vivo. We used an in vitro neuroinflammation model in murine BV2 microglia to mimic microglial activation following ICH. ICH in vivo model was established in mice through collagenase infusion into the left striatum. ICH mice were treated with anetholetrithione (ADT, 50 mg· kg-1 ·d-1, ip) or the classical protonophoric uncoupler FCCP (injected into hemorrhagic striatum). We showed that the expression and mitochondrial location of microglial UCP2 were not changed in both in vitro and in vivo ICH models. Knockdown of UCP2 exacerbated neuroinflammation in BV2 microglia and mouse ICH models, suggesting that endogenous UCP2 inhibited neuroinflammation and therefore played a protective role following ICH. ADT enhanced mitochondrial ROS production thus inducing mitochondrial uncoupling and activating UCP2 in microglia. ADT robustly suppressed neuroinflammation, attenuated brain edema and improved neurological deficits following ICH, and these effects were countered by striatal knockdown of UCP2. ADT enhanced AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation in the hemorrhagic brain, which was abrogated by striatal knockdown of UCP2. Moreover, striatal knockdown of AMPK abolished the suppression of neuroinflammation by ADT following ICH. On the other hand, FCCP-induced mitochondrial uncoupling was independent of UCP2 in microglia; and striatal knockdown of UCP2 did not abrogate the suppression of neuroinflammation by FCCP in ICH mice. In conclusion, the uncoupling activity is essential for suppression of neuroinflammation by UCP2. We prove for the first time the concept that activators of endogenous UCP2 such as anetholetrithione are a new class of uncouplers with translational significance.

6.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156276

RESUMO

Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is an important deciduous shrub for fruit and ecological restoration in arid and semi-arid regions of China. Twelve Chinese and Russian cultivars (cv. Shenqiuhong, eshi01, ... eshi11) were planted about 1.6 acre area in a seedling nursery, located in Qingyang City of Gansu province in northwest China, where high mortality (more than 70%) of sea buckthorn was observed in late July 2019. Symptoms consisted of massive chlorosis, drooping leaves and dried-up stems on 5-year-old trees. Pieces of tree roots and stems with irregular light-brown discoloration in the xylem vessels were selected. Small pieces of discolored tissue were surface disinfested (1 min in 1% sodium hypochlorite, followed by three rinses with sterile distilled water), air-dried, and placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium for 5 days at 25°C in the dark. A fungus was consistently isolated from both diseased roots and stems tissues. Colonies on PDA grew rapidly. Dense mycelia were pinky-white initially, and became carmine red color with age on the undersurface of the plate. Macroconidia were moderately curved, 3 to 5 marked septa, hyaline, thick walled, and measuring 27.8± 3.6 µm × 4.8 ± 0.5 µm (n = 30). Microconidia were abundant, pear-shaped, ellipsoid to fusoid, often with a papilla at the base, and 8.4 ± 2.2 µm ×3.1 ± 0.3 µm (n = 30). Genomic DNA was extracted for amplification and sequencing of the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1 and ITS4 primers) (White et al. 1990) of the ribosomal DNA (Accession Nos. MN160235 to MN160238) and translation elongation factor-1 alpha (EF1 and EF2 primers, accession Nos. MN429075 to MN429078) (O'Donnell et al. 1998). The sequences revealed 99% similarity to the sequences of the ITS (AY188917), and 100% identity with EF1-α (JF740808) regions of Fusarium sporotrichioides. Based on morphological and molecular characteristics, the fungus was identified as F. sporotrichioides (Leslie and Summerell 2006). Koch's postulates were fulfilled on healthy, potted 1-year-old sea buckthorn seedings using two isolates in a greenhouse at 25 °C, 90% relative humidity, and 12-hour light/dark photoperiod. Ten potted seedings were inoculated on the stems by placing a 5-mm-diameter mycelial plug (5-day-old PDA cultures for each isolate) into the surface of a wound created with a needle, and the inoculation sites were covered with Parafilm to maintain moisture. Ten seedings were inoculated with PDA plugs as controls. Seven to ten days after inoculation, typical symptoms of dark-brown necrotic lesions on chlorotic leaf margins were observed. About 2 weeks after inoculation, the inoculated stems were gradually dry up, accompanied by withering and fallen leaves. Control plants remained asymptomatic. Pathogens were successfully isolated from the inoculated stems again, exhibiting morphological characteristics identical to those of F. sporotrichioides. Previous papers reported F. sporotrichioides as a common pathogen caused lavender wilt (Cosic et al. 2012), foliar spots on forage corn (Moya-Elizondo et al. 2013) and maize ear rot (Wang et al. 2019). To our knowledge, this is the first report of sea buckthorn stem wilt caused by F. sporotrichioides on several Chinese and Russian cultivars in Gansu province of China. In Heilongjiang province, the same disease was reported in 2010 (Song et al. 2010), nearly 30 longitudes away from Gansu province. Therefore, this disease appears to be a serious risk for future sea buckthorn production.

7.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(6): e23788, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are involved in various diseases and serve as biomarkers. The present study aimed to investigate unique expression profiles of circRNAs in colon tissues of Crohn's disease (CD) and search novel biomarkers for the diagnosis. METHODS: Differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs in biopsies from four CD patients, four ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, and four healthy controls (HC) were screened by microarray. Hsa_circ_0062142 and hsa_circ_0001666 were verified in another expanded validation cohort. Bioinformatics analysis was applied to predict the function of two DE circRNAs. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the diagnostic value of CD. RESULTS: The top 10 upregulated circRNAs in CD compared with HC were hsa_circ_0000691, hsa_circ_0001666, hsa_circ_0004183, hsa_circ_0009024, hsa_circ RNA_405324, hsa_circ_0002003, hsa_circ_0085323, hsa_circ_0040994, hsa_circ_0062142, and hsa_circ_0048148; the top 10 downregulated circRNAs were hsa_circ_0049356, hsa_circ RNA_405443, hsa_circ RNA_403556, hsa_circ_0092328, hsa_circ_0003979, hsa_circ_0074491, hsa_circ_0023461, hsa_circ RNA_406237, hsa_circ_0034044, and hsa_circ RNA_400564 (fold change in descending order). The expression levels of hsa_circ_0001666 and hsa_circ_0062142 in CD were significantly higher than those in UC and HC (p < 0.01). ROC curves suggested the favorable diagnostic value of hsa_circ_0062142 and hsa_circ_0001666 (AUC = 0.803 and 0.858, respectively, p < 0.01). In silico analysis indicated that these circRNAs may be involved in the progress of CD. CONCLUSION: Hsa_circ_0062142 and hsa_circ_0001666 may play critical roles in the pathogenesis and serve as potential biomarkers of CD.

8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 215, 2021 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33731060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has one of the highest caesarean section (C-Section) rates in the world. In recent years, China has been experiencing a massive flow of migration due to rapid urbanization. In this study, we aimed to differentiate the rates of C-Section between migrants and residents, and explore any possible factors which may moderate the association between migrant status and C-Section rates. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Shanghai, China. All deliveries were classified using the modified Robson Classification. The association between women's migrant status and C-Section rates was assessed using the Poisson regression of sandwich estimation, after adjusting for possible factors. RESULTS: Of the 40,621 women included in the study, 66.9% were residents and 33.1% were internal migrants. The rate of C-Section in migrants was lower than that of residents in all subjects (39.9 and 47.7%) and in group 1 subjects (based on the Robson Classification) using a modified Robson Classification. There was an association between migrant status and caesarean delivery on maternal request that was statistically significant (RR = 0.664, p < 0.001), but the association was weakened after adjusting for such factors as maternal age at delivery (aRR = 0.774, p = 0.02), ethnicity (aRR = 0.753, p < 0.001), health insurance (aRR = 0.755, p < 0.001), and occupation (aRR = 0.747, p = 0.004), but had no significant changes when adjusting for health conditions (aRR = 0.668, p = 0.001) and all considering variables (aRR = 0.697, p = 0.002). In group 1 subjects, the effect of migrant status on maternal requested intrapartum C-Section was also statistically significant (RR = 0.742, p = 0.004). CONCLUSION: C-Section rates are lower among migrant women than residents, especially on maternal request. The medical practitioners should further reinforce the management of elective C-Section in resident women.


Assuntos
Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Características de Residência , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Distribuição de Poisson , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 21(1): 24, 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of immunoglobulin G serum antibodies to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-IgG) associated inflammatory demyelinating disorders can be confirmed by the presence of MOG-IgG, yet its general cut-off concentration had not yet to be defined. Whether it is significant that a seropositive lower titer level for MOG-IgG could cause disease is still unknown. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old Chinese woman presented with acute optic neuritis manifestations in the left eye. MRI showed a left optic nerve demyelination image and a T2 hyperintensity at C7 vertebral segment without any extra specific lesions. AQP4-IgG was tested seronegative, while the MOG-IgG was positive, titer 1:10, by indirect immunofluorescence. Considering the lower concentration, we retested serum MOG-IgG after 6 months of steroid therapy, using cell-based assay, then we still got the same result which was also barely above the negative cut-off value. So, the clinical diagnose was "possible MOG-IgG-associated encephalomyelitis". The woman's condition improved by steroid therapy without relapse. CONCLUSIONS: Seropositive MOG-IgG, even at a lower level, could lead to an autoimmune inflammatory demyelination. In adults, it commonly presents as ON and myelitis. Although the patient had a considerable reaction, steroid therapy could not make MOG-IgG seronegative, instead, the antibody may persist even during remission and flare-ups can recur after steroid withdrawal. Therefore, a long-term follow-up is necessary to monitor the patient's prognosis.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Neuromielite Óptica , Neurite Óptica , Adulto , Autoanticorpos , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurite Óptica/diagnóstico , Neurite Óptica/tratamento farmacológico , Neurite Óptica/etiologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381196

RESUMO

Activation of the nerve growth factor (NGF) signaling pathway is a potential method of treatment for retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss due to traumatic optic neuropathy (TON). The present study aimed to explore the biological effects of injecting Astragalus membranaceus (A. mem) on RGCs in an experimental TON model. Adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham-operated (SL), model (ML), and A. mem injection (AL). The left eyes of the rats were considered the experimental eyes, and the right eyes served as the controls. AL rats received daily intraperitoneal injections of A. mem (3 mL/kg), whereas ML and SL rats were administered the same volume of normal saline. The TON rat model was induced by optic nerve (ON) transverse quantitative traction. After two-week administration, the number of RGCs was determined using retrograde labeling with Fluoro-Gold. The protein levels of NGF, tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA), c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), JNK phosphorylation (p-JNK), and nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) were assessed using western blotting. The levels of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) and NF-κB DNA binding were examined using real-time PCR and an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. In addition, the concentrations of JNK and p-JNK were assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results. The number of RGCs in ML was found to be significantly decreased (P < 0.01) relative to both AL and SL, together with the downregulation of NGF (P < 0.01), TrkA (P < 0.05), and NF-κB (P < 0.01); upregulation of p75NTR mRNA (P < 0.01); and increased protein levels of JNK (P < 0.05) and p-JNK (P < 0.05). Treatment using A. mem injection significantly preserved the density of RGCs in rats with experimental TON and markedly upregulated the proteins of NGF (P < 0.01), TrkA (P < 0.05), and NF-κB (P < 0.01) and downregulated the mRNA level of p75NTR(P < 0.01), as well as the proteins of JNK (P < 0.05) and p-JNK (P < 0.01). Thus, A. mem injection could reduce RGC death in TON induced by ON transverse quantitative traction by stimulating the NGF signaling pathway.

11.
Inquiry ; 57: 46958020968788, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179553

RESUMO

Through an examination of the records of a telemedicine-based second opinion program in county-level hospitals in central and western China, the impact of this service on the diagnosis and treatment of cancer-related diseases was analyzed and evaluated. In this study, all 135 cancer-related cases were included in the analysis. The basic characteristics of the patients were described, the opinions of the original and second diagnosis and treatment were compared, the rate of consistency between them was calculated, the therapeutic regimens were analyzed and the differences between groups were tested. In 94.07% of the cases, the reason for the doctor's request for second opinion service was to assist in the formulation of therapeutic regimen. 64.44% of cases were confirmed with the diagnosis and 17.78% therapeutic regimen by the second opinion service. 126 cases obtained improved therapeutic regimens, and there were statistically significant differences in treatment methods in the diagnosis changed group. Comparing with other international SO studies, the diagnostic consistency rate obtained in this study was lower but not the lowest. The therapeutic consistency rate was quite low, due to the high proportion of original therapeutic regimens missing. This telemedicine-based second opinion program has brought beneficial improvements to the diagnosis and treatment of cancer-related diseases in county-level hospitals in central and western China.


Assuntos
Encaminhamento e Consulta , Telemedicina , China , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
12.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(10): 890, 2020 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087705

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that the dysregulation of the miRNAs/mRNA-mediated carcinogenic signaling pathway network is intimately involved in glioma initiation and progression. In the present study, by performing experiments and bioinformatics analysis, we found that RPN2 was markedly elevated in glioma specimens compared with normal controls, and its upregulation was significantly linked to WHO grade and poor prognosis. Knockdown of RPN2 inhibited tumor proliferation and invasion, promoted apoptosis, and enhanced temozolomide (TMZ) sensitivity in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic investigation revealed that RPN2 deletion repressed ß-catenin/Tcf-4 transcription activity partly through functional activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß). Furthermore, we showed that RPN2 is a direct functional target of miR-181c. Ectopic miR-181c expression suppressed ß-catenin/Tcf-4 activity, while restoration of RPN2 partly reversed this inhibitory effect mediated by miR-181c, implying a molecular mechanism in which TMZ sensitivity is mediated by miR-181c. Taken together, our data revealed a new miR-181c/RPN2/wnt/ß-catenin signaling axis that plays significant roles in glioma tumorigenesis and TMZ resistance, and it represents a potential therapeutic target, especially in GBM.


Assuntos
Glioma/patologia , Hexosiltransferases/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/fisiologia , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Animais , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Apoptose , Carcinogênese , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Glioma/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Animais , Fator de Transcrição 4/fisiologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/fisiologia
13.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(8): 1210-1219, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741941

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a disease with high disability and mortality rates. Currently, the efficacy of therapies available for ICH is limited. Microglia-mediated neuroinflammation substantially exacerbates brain damage following ICH. Here, we investigated whether mitochondrial uncouplers conferred protection by suppressing neuroinflammation following ICH. To mimic ICH-induced neuroinflammation in vitro, we treated microglia with red blood cell (RBC) lysate. RBC lysate enhanced the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in microglia. A clinically used uncoupler, niclosamide (Nic), reduced the RBC lysate-induced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in microglia. Moreover, Nic ameliorated brain edema, decreased neuroinflammation, and improved neurological deficits in a well-established mouse model of ICH. Like niclosamide, the structurally unrelated uncoupler carbonyl cyanide p-triflouromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP) reduced brain edema, decreased neuroinflammation, and improved neurological deficits following ICH. It has been reported that mitochondrial uncouplers activate AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Mechanistically, Nic enhanced AMPK activation following ICH, and AMPK knockdown abolished the beneficial effects of Nic following ICH. In conclusion, mitochondrial uncouplers conferred protection by activating AMPK to inhibit microglial neuroinflammation following ICH.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/fisiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Desacopladores/farmacologia , Animais , Carbonil Cianeto p-Trifluormetoxifenil Hidrazona/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Camundongos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Niclosamida/uso terapêutico
14.
Oncol Lett ; 19(3): 1890-1898, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194684

RESUMO

Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are a common subtype of intracranial tumors. The aim of the present study was to analyse the clinical and pathological features of different types of pituitary adenomas (PAs) according to the 2017 World Health Organisation Endocrine Organ Tumor Classification guidelines. The clinical data of 250 patients with PAs were collected and analysed. Differences in the incidence of invasion, recurrence and apoplexy in patients between high- and low-risk PAs were compared, as were differences in the Ki-67 index between invasive and non-invasive PAs and between recurrent PAs and non-recurrent PAs. Of the 250 cases, 45 cases were diagnosed as somatotroph adenomas, 26 cases as lactotroph adenomas, 1 case as thyrotroph adenoma, 61 cases as corticotroph adenomas, 93 cases as gonadotropin adenomas, 15 cases as null cell adenomas and 9 cases as plurihormonal adenomas. There were 5 types of high-risk pituitary adenoma identified: 17 cases of sparsely granulated somatotroph adenoma, 11 cases of lactotroph adenoma in men, 3 cases of plurihormonal PIT-1 positive adenoma and 42 cases of silent corticotroph adenoma. Crooke's cell adenoma was not identified. High-risk PAs had significantly higher rates of invasion, recurrence and apoplexy compared with that in low-risk types (P<0.001). Invasive PAs had a significantly higher Ki-67 index compared with that in non-invasive PAs (3.5±1.8 vs. 2.8±1.3; P<0.01). Recurrent PAs had a significantly higher Ki-67 index compared with that in non-recurrent PAs (3.9±1.9 vs. 2.8±1.3; P<0.001). According to the 2017 classification criteria, patients most frequently had gonadotrophin cell adenomas, followed by corticotroph adenomas and the proportion of null cell adenomas was reduced. Differences were noted in the proliferation, recurrence and apoplexy characteristics of high-risk PAs and low-risk PAs. The invasion and recurrence of PAs were found to be related to the Ki-67 index.

15.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(1): 44-48, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32055271

RESUMO

Intraoperative pathologic diagnosis for central nervous system (CNS) tumors is important to determine the neurosurgery procedure. But sometimes the differential diagnosis between glioma and lymphoma, or glioma and metastatic tumors is difficult for a pathologist during a short time, especially when the specimen is small or the frozen section has ice crystals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a very useful method for diagnosis, but the traditional immunohistochemical method is time-consuming and not suitable intraoperatively. In this study, we chose Cytokeratin-pan, GFAP, and LCA as three immunohistochemical indicators. Intraoperative IHC was done by Novodiax ihcDirect technology combined with Leica Bond auto-staining. Compared with the manual method recommended for the reagents (Novodiax ihcDirect), the results show that auto-staining has better stability and high reproducibility in coloration, which has broad prospects for future application.

16.
Genes Genomics ; 42(4): 413-424, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Taproot skin color is a major trait for assessing the commercial and nutritional quality of radish, and red-skinned radish is confirmed to improve consumer's interest and health. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms responsible for controlling the formation of red-skinned radish. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the differentially expressed anthocyanin biosynthetic genes between red- and white-skinned radishes and understand the molecular regulatory mechanism underlying red-skinned radish formation. METHODS: Based on the published complete genome sequence of radish, the digital gene expression profiles of Yangzhouyuanbai (YB, white-skinned) and Sading (SD, red-skinned) were analyzed using Illumina sequencing. RESULTS: A total of 3666 DEGs were identified in SD compared with YB. Interestingly, 46 genes encoded enzymes related to anthocyanin biosynthesis and 241 genes encoded transcription factors were identified. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the formation of red-skinned radish was mainly controlled by pelargonidin-derived anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway genes. This process included the upregulation of PAL, C4H, 4CL, CHS, CHI, F3H, DFR, LDOX, and UGT enzymes in SD. CHS genes were specifically expressed in SD, and it might be the key point for red pigment accumulation in red-skinned radish. Furthermore, MYB1/2/75, bHLH (TT8), and WD 40 showed higher expression in SD than in YB. Meanwhile, the corresponding low-abundance anthocyanin biosynthesis enzymes and upregulation of MYB4 might be the factors influencing the formation of white-skinned radish. CONCLUSION: These findings provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms and regulatory network of anthocyanin biosynthesis in red-skinned radish.


Assuntos
Antocianinas/biossíntese , Pigmentação/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Raphanus/genética , Antocianinas/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raphanus/metabolismo
17.
Virus Res ; 278: 197843, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884203

RESUMO

Swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), a newly emerging enteric coronavirus, is considered to be associated with swine acute diarrhea syndrome (SADS) which has caused significantly economic losses to the porcine industry. Interactions between SADS-CoV and the host innate immune response is unclear yet. In this study, we used IPEC-J2 cells as a model to explore potential evasion strategies employed by SADS-CoV. Our results showed that SADS-CoV infection failed to induce IFN-ß production, and inhibited poly (I:C) and Sendai virus (SeV)-triggered IFN-ß expression. SADS-CoV also blocked poly (I:C)-induced phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of IRF-3 and NF-κB. Furthermore, SADS-CoV did not interfere with the activity of IFN-ß promoter stimulated by IRF3, TBK1 and IKKε, but counteracted its activation induced by IPS-1 and RIG-I. Collectively, this study is the first investigation that shows interactions between SADS-CoV and the host innate immunity, which provides information of the molecular mechanisms underlying SASD-CoV infection.


Assuntos
Alphacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Proteína DEAD-box 58/antagonistas & inibidores , Interferon beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Proteína DEAD-box 58/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/metabolismo , Interferon beta/genética , Interferon beta/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transdução de Sinais , Suínos
18.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(17)2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450648

RESUMO

Selective Laser Melting (SLM) technology is a new kind of additive manufacturing technology developed in in the last decade. Measurement and control of stress in metal forming layer is the basic problem of SLM forming parts. Critical Refraction Longitudinal (LCR) wave method was used to measure stress. The acoustic-elastic formulas for measuring stresses in SLM 316L stainless steel forming parts manufactured using meander, stripe, and chess board scanning strategies, respectively, were established based on static load tensile test. The experimental results show that the acoustic time difference of LCR wave in SLM specimen manufactured with 316L stainless steel increases linearly with the increase of stress when the tensile stress is less than critical stress (372 MPa, 465 MPa, and 494 MPa). Due to the inhomogeneous deformation of the anisotropic SLM forming layer and the dimple-micropore aggregation fracture mechanism, the acousto-elastic curve fluctuates up and down along the irregular curve when the tensile stress is larger than critical stress. The results of corroboration experiments show that nondestructive measurement of stress in SLM forming specimen can be realized by using LCR wave method. The scanning strategy can significantly affect the tensile strength and yield strength of SLM forming specimen. The stresses were all in tension stress state at the edge of the specimens, whatever scanning strategy was used. Sub-area scanning and scanning sequence of alternate and intersect were adopted, which can effectively reduce the stress in the SLM forming specimen. The overall stress values of SLM forming specimen manufactured using chess board scanning strategy were smaller than that using meander and stripe strategies. The distribution of stress were more uniform.

19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 183: 109564, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442805

RESUMO

Surface and columnar sediments were collected from four mangrove Wetlands in Shantou coastal areas of South China to investigate the level, distribution, possible sources and ecotoxicological risks of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Total concentration of 14 PBDEs (∑14PBDEs) and 41 PCBs (∑41PCBs) varied from 0.61 to 180 ng/g and 42-636 pg/g dry weight (dw) in surface sediments, respectively. The concentration of PBDEs was much higher than that of PCBs. Compared with other mangrove Wetlands around the world, PCBs levels in the studied area were relatively low, while the concentrations of PBDE were at higher level. Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) was the predominant PBDEs homologue in all sediment samples, indicating the extensive use of deca-BDE in this area. Penta-CBs and hexa-CBs were the main homologues of PCBs. Spatial variations showed that the concentration of PBDEs might be mainly affected by anthropogenic activities in specific sites of this region, whereas dry and wet deposition might be an important input source of PCBs in this area. Although accurate sediment chronology was not available, higher concentrations of PBDEs and PCBs were still found in some deeper sediment layers, suggesting that new input quantity tends to decrease with the increase of control. Risk assessment showed that penta-BDEs and deca-BDE may have potential negative ecological effects on the ecological of Shantou mangrove sediments, while the effects of PCBs can be neglected.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Áreas Alagadas , China , Ecotoxicologia , Medição de Risco
20.
Future Oncol ; 15(10): 1105-1114, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880453

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the independent determinants of tumor-induced mortality in different age subgroups after considering competing risk (CR). METHODS: Data were extracted from the SEER database. The independent determinants of tumor-induced mortality were defined by CR analysis and validated by conditional inference trees. A CR nomogram was created based on the proportional subdistribution hazard model. RESULTS: The different age subgroups had their own independent determinants of tumor-induced mortality. Using these variables, a CR nomogram was built with good discrimination and calibration. CONCLUSION: When conducting population-based cohort studies, a CR analysis is recommended for cancers with short survival and high mortality. A CR nomogram represents the first attempt at a predictive model for quantifying tumor-induced mortality.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Nomogramas , Medição de Risco , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glioblastoma/patologia , Glioblastoma/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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