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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974728

RESUMO

We demonstrate a new approach to pattern functional organic molecules with a template of foams, and achieve a resolution of sub 100 nm. The bubble-assisted assembly (BAA) process is consisted of two periods, including bubble evolution and molecular assembly, which are dominated by the Laplace pressure and molecular interactions, respectively. Using TPPS (meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin), we systematically investigate the patterns and assembly behaviour in the bubble system with a series of characterizations, which show good uniformity in nanoscale resolution. Theoretical simulations reveal that TPPS's J-aggregates contribute to the ordered construction of molecular patterns. Finally, we propose an empirical rule for molecular patterning approach, that the surfactant and functional molecules should have the same type of charge in a two-component system. This approach exhibits promising feasibility to assemble molecular patterns at nanoscale resolution for micro/nano functional devices.

2.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978051

RESUMO

The natural biomolecules of peptides and proteins are able to form elegant metal incorporating supramolecular nanomaterials through multiple weak non-covalent interactions. The use of toxic chemical reagents to fabricate silver nanoparticles poses a danger to apply them in various biomedical applications. Peptide and protein biomolecules have the potential to overcome this barrier by the supramolecular chemistry approach. In this review, we focus on the self-assembly of peptides and proteins to synthesize silver incorporating supramolecular nanoarchitectures, which in turn enhance the biological properties of these silver nanomaterials being used in nanomedicine. This review aims to illustrate the recent developments in amphiphilic peptides, oligopeptides, collagen, bovine serum albumin (BSA), and human serum albumin (HSA) as capping, stabilizing, and reducing agents to form silver incorporating supramolecular nanostructures. Finally, we provide some biomedical applications of silver-incorporating supramolecular nanomaterials along with future perspectives.

3.
ChemMedChem ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33908190

RESUMO

Therapeutic peptides have attracted numerous attentions in clinical applications due to their advantages of biological origination and good biocompatibility. However, the therapeutic performances of peptides are usually hindered by their short half-lives in blood and inferior activities. Herein, supramolecular nanodrugs of therapeutic peptides are constructed by covalent assembly of chemotherapeutic peptides through genipin cross-linking. The resulting nanodrugs have intense absorbance in the near-infrared region and high photothermal conversion efficiencies, leading to the possibility of photothermal therapy. The combination of photothermal therapy and chemotherapy using the nanodrugs shows synergistic therapeutic effects on cancer cells. Hence, covalent assembly not only maintains the chemotherapeutic activities of the peptides but also triggers supramolecular photothermal effects, demonstrating that the covalent assembly of therapeutic peptides through genipin cross-linking is an efficient approach for constructing supramolecular nanodrugs toward synergistic anticancer therapy.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2100595, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33876464

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer, one of the most lethal malignancies, compromises the performance of traditional therapeutic regimens in the clinic because of stromal resistance to systemic drug delivery and poor prognosis caused by tumor metastasis. Therefore, a biocompatible therapeutic paradigm that can effectively inhibit pancreatic tumor growth while simultaneously eliminating tumor metastasis is urgently needed. Herein, supramolecular nanofibrils are fabricated through coassembly of clinically approved immunomodulatory thymopentin and near-infrared indocyanine green for localized photothermal immunotherapy of pancreatic tumors. The resulting long-range ordered fibrous nanodrugs show improved photophysical capabilities for fluorescence imaging and photothermal conversion and significantly promote the proliferation and differentiation of antitumor immune cells. Hence, the integration of rapid photothermal therapy and moderate immunomodulation for inhibiting tumor growth and eliminating tumor metastasis is promising. The utilization of clinically approved molecules to construct nanodrugs administered via localized injection amplifies the complementary photothermal immunotherapeutic effects of the components, creating opportunities for clinical translation as a treatment for pancreatic cancer.

5.
Small ; 17(19): e2008114, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33760401

RESUMO

Nanoassemblies based on self-assembly of biological building blocks are promising in mimicking the nanostructures, properties, and functionalities of natural enzymes. However, it remains a challenge to design of biomimetic nanozymes with tunable nanostructures and enhanced catalytic activities starting from simple biomolecules. Herein, the construction of nanoassemblies through coassembly of an amphiphilic amino acid and hemin is reported. The nanostructures and morphologies of the resulting nanoassemblies are readily controlled by tuning the molar ratio between the amino acid and hemin, thus leading to tailored peroxidase-mimicking activities of the nanoassemblies. Importantly, the optimized nanoassemblies exhibit a remarkable catalytic efficiency that is comparable to the natural counterpart when considering molecular mass along with good robustness in multiple catalytic cycles. The nanoassemblies are effectively integrated as biomimetic nanozymes in a sensing system for catalytic detection of glucose. Therefore, this work demonstrates that nanozymes with advanced catalytic capabilities can be constructed by self-assembly of minimalist biological building blocks and may thus promote the rational design and catalytic applications of biomimetic nanozymes.

6.
ACS Nano ; 15(3): 4979-4988, 2021 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709690

RESUMO

Engineering photosensitizers into stimuli-responsive supramolecular nanodrugs allows enhanced spatiotemporal delivery and controllable release of photosensitizers, which is promising for dedicated and precise tumor photodynamic therapy. Complicated fabrication for nanodrugs with good tumor accumulation capability and the undesirable side-effects caused by the drug components retards the application of PDT in vivo. The fact that extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is overexpressed in tumor tissue has been overlooked in fabricating nanomedicines for tumor-targeting delivery. Hence, herein we present metal-free helical nanofibers formed in aqueous solution from the coassembly of a cationic porphyrin and ATP as a nanodrug for PDT. The easily accessible and compatible materials and simple preparation enable the nanodrugs with potential in PDT for cancer. Compared to the cationic porphyrin alone, the porphyrin-ATP nanofibers exhibited enhanced tumor-site photosensitizer delivery through whole-body blood circulation. Overexpressed extracellular ATP stabilizes the porphyrin-ATP nanodrug within tumor tissue, giving rise to enhanced uptake of the nanodrug by cancer cells. The enzyme-triggered release of photosensitizers from the nanodrugs upon biodegradation of ATP by intracellular phosphatases results in good tumor therapeutic efficacy. This study demonstrates the potential for employing the tumor microenvironment to aid the accumulation of nanodrugs in tumors, inspiring the fabrication of smart nanomedicines.

8.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(51): 23228-23238, 2020 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881223

RESUMO

A facile approach to assemble catalase-like photosensitizing nanozymes with a self-oxygen-supplying ability was developed. The process involved Fe3+ -driven self-assembly of fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl (Fmoc)-protected amino acids. By adding a zinc(II) phthalocyanine-based photosensitizer (ZnPc) and the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) inhibitor acriflavine (ACF) during the Fe3+ -promoted self-assembly of Fmoc-protected cysteine (Fmoc-Cys), the nanovesicles Fmoc-Cys/Fe@Pc and Fmoc-Cys/Fe@Pc/ACF were prepared, which could be disassembled intracellularly. The released Fe3+ could catalyze the transformation of H2 O2 enriched in cancer cells to oxygen efficiently, thereby ameliorating the hypoxic condition and promoting the photosensitizing activity of the released ZnPc. With an additional therapeutic component, Fmoc-Cys/Fe@Pc/ACF exhibited higher in vitro and in vivo photodynamic activities than Fmoc-Cys/Fe@Pc, demonstrating the synergistic effect of ZnPc and ACF.

9.
ACS Nano ; 14(8): 10704-10715, 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806055

RESUMO

Molecular stacking modes, generally classified as H-, J-, and X-aggregation, play a key role in determining the optoelectronic properties of organic crystals. However, the control of stacking transformation of a specific molecule is an unmet challenge, and a priori prediction of the performance in different stacking modes is extraordinarily difficult to achieve. In particular, the existence of hybrid stacking modes and their combined effect on physicochemical properties of molecular crystals are not fully understood. Herein, unexpected stacking transformation from H- to J- and X-aggregation is observed in the crystal structure of a small heterocyclic molecule, 4,4'-bipyridine (4,4'-Bpy), upon coassembly with N-acetyl-l-alanine (AcA), a nonaromatic amino acid derivative. This structural transformation into hybrid stacking mode improves physicochemical properties of the cocrystals, including a large red-shifted emission, enhanced supramolecular chirality, improved thermal stability, and higher mechanical properties. While a single crystal of 4,4'-Bpy shows good optical waveguiding and piezoelectric properties due to the uniform elongated needles and low symmetry of crystal packing, the significantly lower band gap and resistance of the cocrystal indicate improved conductivity. This study not only demonstrates cocrystallization-induced packing transformation between H-, J-, and X-aggregations in the solid state, leading to tunable mechanical and optoelectronic properties, but also will inspire future molecular design of organic functional materials by the coassembly strategy.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(46): 20582-20588, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687653

RESUMO

Inspired by the dynamic morphology control of molecular assemblies in biological systems, we have developed pH-responsive transformable peptide-based nanoparticles for photodynamic therapy (PDT) with prolonged tumor retention times. The self-assembled peptide-porphyrin nanoparticles transformed into nanofibers when exposed to the acidic tumor microenvironment, which was mainly driven by enhanced intermolecular hydrogen bond formation between the protonated molecules. The nanoparticle transformation into fibrils improved their singlet oxygen generation ability and enabled high accumulation and long-term retention at tumor sites. Strong fluorescent signals of these nanomaterials were detected in tumor tissue up to 7 days after administration. Moreover, the peptide assemblies exhibited excellent anti-tumor efficacy via PDT in vivo. This in situ fibrillar transformation strategy could be utilized to design effective stimuli-responsive biomaterials for long-term imaging and therapy.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579296

RESUMO

Understanding and controlling multicomponent co-assembly is of primary importance in different fields, such as materials fabrication, pharmaceutical polymorphism, and supramolecular polymerization, but these aspects have been a long-standing challenge. Herein, we discover that liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) into ion-cluster-rich and ion-cluster-poor liquid phases is the first step prior to co-assembly nucleation based on a model system of water-soluble porphyrin and ionic liquids. The LLPS-formed droplets serve as the nucleation precursors, which determine the resulting structures and properties of co-assemblies. Co-assembly polymorphism and tunable supramolecular phase transition behaviors can be achieved by regulating the intermolecular interactions at the LLPS stage. These findings elucidate the key role of LLPS in multicomponent co-assembly evolution and enable it to be an effective strategy to control co-assembly polymorphism as well as supramolecular phase transitions.

12.
ACS Nano ; 14(6): 7181-7190, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427482

RESUMO

Conformational transition of proteins and peptides into highly stable, ß-sheet-rich structures is observed in many amyloid-associated neurodegenerative disorders, yet the precise mechanism of amyloid formation at the molecular level remains poorly understood due to the complex molecular structures. Short peptides provide simplified models for studying the molecular basis of the assembly mechanism that governs ß-sheet fibrillation processes underlying the formation and inhibition of amyloid-like structures. Herein, we report a supramolecular coassembly strategy for the inhibition and transformation of stable ß-sheet-rich amyloid-derived dipeptide self-assemblies into adaptable secondary structural fibrillar assemblies by mixing with bipyridine derivatives. The interplay between the type and mixing ratio of bipyridine derivatives allowed the variable coassembly process with stimuli-responsive functional properties, studied by various experimental characterizations and computational methods. Furthermore, the resulting coassemblies showed functional redox- and photoresponsive properties, making them promising candidates for controllable drug release and fluorescent imprint. This work presents a coassembly strategy not only to explore the mechanism of amyloid-like structure formation and inhibition at the molecular level but also to manipulate amyloid-like structures into responsive supramolecular coassemblies for material science and biotechnology applications.

13.
Biomater Sci ; 8(11): 3072-3077, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270804

RESUMO

Triplet-triplet annihilation upconversion (TTA-UC) has great potential in many fields. However, a stable TTA-UC system with adjustable UC efficiency in non-deoxygenated water is still in urgent demand. Here, the first example of short peptide-tuned UC luminescence in water is reported. With only a small amount of peptides, UC chromophores can assemble into tetrahedral microrods with adjustable size and UC efficiency. Successful TTA-UC luminescence of these microrods in water is achieved due to the regular and dense organization of molecular upconversion chromophores tuned by peptides, which allows rapid triplet exciton migration, avoids aggregation-induced quenching and screens molecular oxygen to upconversion chromophores.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(19): 21433-21440, 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319760

RESUMO

Dipeptide self-assembled hydrogels have potential biomedical applications because of their great biocompatibility, bioactivity, and tunable physicochemical properties, which can be modulated in the molecular level by design of amino acid sequences. Herein, a series of dipeptides (Fmoc-FL, -YL, -LL, and -YA) are designed to form shear-thinning hydrogels with self-healing and tunable mechanical properties by adjusting the synergetic effect of hydrophobic interactions (π-π stacking and hydrophobic effect) and hydrogen bonds of peptides through substitution of amino acid residues. The enhancement of hydrophobic interactions is a primary factor to promote mechanical rigidity of hydrogels, and strong hydrogen-bonding interactions between molecules contribute to the instantaneous self-healing property, which is supported by experimental studies (FTIR, CD, SEM, AFM, and rheology) and molecular dynamics simulations. The injectable dipeptide hydrogels were certified as an ideal endoscopic submucosal dissection filler to make operation convenient and secure in mice and living mini-pig's experiments with a longer duration time, higher stiffness, and lower inflammatory response than commercial clinical fillers.

15.
Chem Asian J ; 15(9): 1405-1419, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32147947

RESUMO

Inspired by the diverse protein-based structures and materials in organisms, proteins have been expected as promising biological components for constructing nanomaterials toward various applications. In numerous studies protein-based nanomaterials have been constructed with the merits of abundant bioactivity and good biocompatibility. However, self-assembly of proteins as a dominant approach in constructing anticancer nanodrugs has not been reviewed. Here, we provide a comprehensive account of the role of protein self-assembly in fabrication, regulation, and application of anticancer nanodrugs. The supramolecular strategies, building blocks, and molecular interactions of protein self-assembly as well as the properties, functions, and applications of the resulting nanodrugs are discussed. The applications in chemotherapy, radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy, photothermal therapy, gene therapy, and combination therapy are included. Especially, manipulation of molecular interactions for realizing cancer-specific response and cancer theranostics are emphasized. By expounding the impact of molecular interactions on therapeutic activity, rational design of highly efficient protein-based nanodrugs for precision anticancer therapy can be envisioned. Also, the challenges and perspectives in constructing nanodrugs based on protein self-assembly are presented to advance clinical translation of protein-based nanodrugs and next-generation nanomedicine.

16.
Adv Mater ; 32(11): e1907855, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022978

RESUMO

Traditional photothermal therapy requires high-intensity laser excitation for cancer treatments due to the low photothermal conversion efficiency (PCE) of photothermal agents (PTAs). PTAs with ultra-high PCEs can decrease the required excited light intensity, which allows safe and efficient therapy in deep tissues. In this work, a PTA is synthesized with high PCE of 88.3% based on a BODIPY scaffold, by introducing a CF3 "barrier-free" rotor on the meso-position (tfm-BDP). In both the ground and excited state, the CF3 moiety in tfm-BDP has no energy barrier to rotation, allowing it to efficiently dissipate absorbed (NIR) photons as heat. Importantly, the barrier-free rotation of CF3 can be maintained after encapsulating tfm-BDP into polymeric nanoparticles (NPs). Thus, laser irradiation with safe intensity (0.3 W cm-2 , 808 nm) can lead to complete tumor ablation in tumor-bearing mice after intravenous injection of tfm-BDP NPs. This strategy of "barrier-free rotation" provides a new platform for future design of PTT agents for clinical cancer treatment.

17.
Small ; 16(8): e1907309, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994844

RESUMO

There is a real need for new antibiotics against self-evolving bacteria. One option is to use biofriendly broad-spectrum and mechanically tunable antimicrobial hydrogels that can combat multidrug-resistant microbes. Whilst appealing, there are currently limited options. Herein, broad-spectrum antimicrobial biometallohydrogels based on the self-assembly and local mineralization of Ag+ -coordinated Fmoc-amino acids are reported. Such biometallohydrogels have the advantages of localized delivery and sustained release, reduced drug dosage and toxicity yet improved bioavailability, prolonged drug effect, and tunable mechanical strength. Furthermore, they can directly interact with the cell walls and membrane, resulting in the detachment of the plasma membrane and leakage of the cytoplasm. This leads to cell death, triggering a significant antibacterial effect against both Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria in cells and mice. This study paves the way for developing a multifunctional integration platform based on simple biomolecules coordinated self-assembly toward a broad range of biomedical applications.

18.
J Control Release ; 319: 344-351, 2020 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917297

RESUMO

Supramolecular peptide materials have attracted increasing attention due to their natural biological origin and versatile applications. However, it is often challenging to control and modulate the self-assembly of peptides (especially short peptides) for constructing hydrogels with tunable mechanical properties and adaptive injectability toward biomedical applications. Here, we report a supramolecular strategy for forming robust and injectable hydrogels based on the self-assembly of a rationally designed bola-dipeptide. The self-assembled hydrogels exhibit versatile functionalities, including flow under shear stress, good recovery properties, and easy encapsulation of hydrophilic prodrugs. The prodrug-loaded hydrogels show sustained release profiles, inhibited nontargeted leakage, and enhanced localized prodrug conversion, leading to highly efficient photodynamic tumor ablation. Hence, the supramolecular strategy is promising for the rational construction of injectable hydrogels toward targeted and sustained prodrug conversion and tumor therapy.

19.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(10): 3793-3801, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571353

RESUMO

Supramolecular assemblies have been very successful in regulating the photothermal conversion efficiency of organic photothermal materials in a simple and flexible way, compared with conventional molecular synthesis. In these assemblies, it is the inherent physiochemical mechanism that determines the photothermal conversion, rather than the assembly strategy. This Minireview summarizes supramolecular photothermal effects, which refer to the unique features of supramolecular chemistry for regulating the photothermal conversion efficiency. Emphasis is placed on the mechanisms of how self-assembly affects the photothermal performance. The supramolecular photothermal effects on various types of light-harvesting species are discussed in detail. The timely interpretation of supramolecular photothermal effects is promising for the future design of the photothermal materials with high efficiency, precision, and multiple functionalities for a wide array of applications.

20.
Mater Today (Kidlington) ; 30: 10-16, 2019 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719792

RESUMO

Low biocompatibility or engineerability of conventional inorganic materials limits their extensive application for power harvesting in biological systems or at bio-machine interfaces. In contrast, intrinsically biocompatible peptide self-assemblies have shown promising potential as a new type of ideal components for eco-friendly optoelectronic energy-harvesting devices. However, the structural instability, weak mechanical strength, and inefficient optical or electrical properties severely impede their extensive application. Here, we demonstrate tryptophan-based aromatic dipeptide supramolecular structures to be direct wide-gap semiconductors. The molecular packings can be effectively modulated by changing the peptide sequence. The extensive and directional hydrogen bonding and aromatic interactions endow the structures with unique rigidity and thermal stability, as well as a wide-spectrum photoluminescence covering nearly the entire visible region, optical waveguiding, temperature/irradiation-dependent conductivity, and the ability to sustain quite high external electric fields. Furthermore, the assemblies display high piezoelectric properties, with a measured open-circuit voltage of up to 1.4 V. Our work provides insights into using aromatic short peptide self-assemblies for the fabrication of biocompatible, miniaturized electronics for power generation with tailored semiconducting optoelectronic properties and improved structural stability.

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