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2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(2): 1398-1403, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860430

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped (0.3-0.4×1.2-2.0 µm), strictly aerobic and beige-pigmented bacterium, designated B3227T, was isolated from the sediment of a sea cucumber culture pond in Rongcheng, China (122.2° E 36.9° N). Its biochemical characteristics analysis revealed that the cells of this bacterium were catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Cell growth occurred at 15-45 °C (optimum, 37 °C), pH 6.5-9.0 (pH 7.5-8.0) and in the presence of 0.0-22.0 % (w/v) NaCl (6.0-9.0 % NaCl). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that strain B3227T exhibited similarities of 95.7, 95.5, 95.5 and 95.3 % to the type strains of Filobacillus milensis, Piscibacillus salipiscarius, Halalkalibacillus halophilus and Piscibacillus halophilus, respectively, and the results of physiological analyses revealed that strain B3227T was most similar to the genus Halalkalibacillus. The cells were endospore-forming and comprised an A1-γ-meso-diaminopimelic acid-type peptidoglycan. The respiratory quinone of strain B3227T was MK-7, and the dominant fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The genomic DNA G+C content was 38.7 mol%. The average nucleotide identity values between strain B3227T and H. halophilus JCM 14192T (ANIb 69.5%, ANIm 84.2 %) and F. milensis JCM 12288T (ANIb 70.1 %, ANIm 84.1 %) were below the cut-off level (95-96  %) for species delineation. The results of kegg analysis revealed that strain B3227T could biosynthesize shikimate acid, a base compound for the formulation of the swine flu drug. Based on its morphological and physiological properties, as well as phylogenetic distinctiveness, strain B3227T should be placed into the genus Halalkalibacillus as a representative of a new species, for which the name Halalkalibacillus sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B3227T (=KCTC 33093T=MCCC 1H00193T).


Assuntos
Bacillaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Pepinos-do-Mar/microbiologia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Animais , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosfatidilgliceróis/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Chin Med ; 14: 39, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572491

RESUMO

Background: To investigate the effects and immunological mechanisms of the traditional Chinese medicine Xinjiaxiangruyin on controlling influenza virus (FM1 strain) infection in mice housed in a hygrothermal environment. Methods: Mice were housed in normal and hygrothermal environments, and intranasally infected with influenza virus (FM1). A high-performance liquid chromatography fingerprint of Xinjiaxiangruyin was used to provide an analytical method for quality control. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to measure messenger RNA expression of Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 in the TLR7 signaling pathway and virus replication in the lungs. Western blotting was used to measure the expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 proteins. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Th17/T-regulatory cells. Results: Xinjiaxiangruyin effectively alleviated lung inflammation in C57BL/6 mice in hot and humid environments. Guizhimahuanggebantang significantly reduced lung inflammation in C57BL/6 mice. The expression of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 mRNA in lung tissue of WT mice in the normal environment, GZMHGBT group was significantly lower than that in the model group (P < 0.05). In WT mice exposed to the hot and humid environment, the expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 mRNA in the XJXRY group were significantly different from those in the virus group. The expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 protein in lung tissue of WT mice exposed to the normal environment, GZMHGBT group was significantly lower than those in the model group. In WT mice exposed to hot and humid environments, the expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 protein in XJXRY group were significantly different from those in the virus group. Conclusion: Guizhimahuanggebantang demonstrated a satisfactory therapeutic effect on mice infected with the influenza A virus (FM1 strain) in a normal environment, and Xinjiaxiangruyin demonstrated a clear therapeutic effect in damp and hot environments and may play a protective role against influenza through downregulation of the TLR7 signal pathway.

4.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(12): 3885-3890, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490112

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped, cold-tolerant bacterium, designated F01003T, was isolated from soil sampled near Happiness Bay on the west coast of Antarctica. Strain F01003T was found to grow at 4-30 °C (optimum, 25 °C), pH 5.5-8.0 (pH 6.5-7.0) and in the presence of 0-1 % NaCl (0 %, w/v). Cells were oxidase-positive and catalase-positive. Strain F01003T contained menaquinone 7 (MK-7) as the predominant respiratory quinone. The main cellular fatty acids included summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω6c and/or C16 : 1ω7c) and iso-C15 : 0. Phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified aminolipid were identified as the major polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain F01003T was 44.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis of the nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain F01003T was most closely related to the genus Mucilaginibacter and exhibited the highest sequence similarity to Mucilaginibacter phyllosphaerae LMG 29118T (97.3 %). On the basis of the evidence presented in this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain F01003T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibactergilvus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is F01003T (=KCTC 62991T=CCTCC AB 2019023T).


Assuntos
Bacteroidetes/classificação , Filogenia , Microbiologia do Solo , Regiões Antárticas , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Bacteroidetes/isolamento & purificação , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Phytother Res ; 32(12): 2560-2567, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30306659

RESUMO

Berberine, a natural isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the berberis species, has a wide array of biological properties such as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, and antihelminthic effects. We evaluated the antiviral effect of berberine against influenza A/FM1/1/47 (H1N1) in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that berberine strongly suppressed viral replication in A549 cells and in mouse lungs. Meanwhile, berberine relieved pulmonary inflammation and reduced necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, and pulmonary edema induced by viral infection in mice when compared with vehicle-treated mice. Berberine suppressed the viral infection-induced up-regulation of TLR7 signaling pathway, such as TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB (p65), at both the mRNA and protein levels. Furthermore, berberine significantly inhibited the viral infection-induced increase in Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg ratios as well as the production of inflammatory cytokines. Our data provide new insight into the potential of berberine as a therapeutic agent for viral infection via its antiviral activity.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Berberina/farmacologia , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Células A549 , Animais , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Embrião de Galinha , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/tratamento farmacológico , Influenza Humana/virologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia/virologia , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Chin Med ; 13: 42, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30151032

RESUMO

Background: Influenza virus is a single-stranded RNA virus that causes influenza in humans and animals. About 600 million people around the world suffer from influenza every year. Upon recognizing viral RNA molecules, TLR7 (Toll-like receptor) initiates corresponding immune responses. Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs), including Yinqiao powder, Xinjiaxiangruyin and Guizhi-and-Mahuang decoction, have been extensively applied in clinical treatment of influenza. Although the therapeutic efficacy of TCMs against influenza virus in vivo was reported previously, its underlying mechanisms are not clearly understood. This study aimed to investigate the immunological mechanisms in the treatment of influenza virus infected mice with three Chinese herbal compounds as well as the effect on TLR7/NF-κB signaling pathway during recovery. Methods: Wild type and TLR7 KO C57BL/6 mice were infected with influenza virus FM1 and then treated with three TCMs. The physical parameters of mice (body weight and lung index) and the expression levels of components in TLR7/NF-κB signaling pathway were evaluated. Results: After viral infection, Guizhi-and-Mahuang decoction and Yinqiao powder showed better anti-viral effect under normal condition. Compared to the viral control group, expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, IRAK4 and NF-κB were significantly reduced in all treatment groups. Furthermore, the three TCM treatment groups showed poor therapeutic efficacy and no difference in viral load compared to the viral control group in TLR7 KO mice. Conclusion: Our study indicated that Guizhi-and-Mahuang decoction and Yinqiao powder might play a crucial role of anti-influenza virus by regulating TLR7/NF-κB signal pathway.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29849712

RESUMO

Objective: We wished to investigate the effects of the traditional Chinese medicine Gui Zhi Ma Huang Ge Ban Tang on controlling influenza A virus (IAV) infection and improving inflammation in mouse lungs. Method: Mice were maintained in normal and cold environments and infected with IAV by intranasal application, respectively. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure mRNA expression of TLR7, myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MyD88), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)p65 in the TLR7 signaling pathway and virus replication in lungs. Western blotting was used to measure expression levels of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κB p65 proteins. Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of T-helper (Th)1/Th2 and Th17/T-regulatory (Treg) cells. Results: Application of Gui Zhi Ma Huang Ge Ban Tang in influenza-infected mice in a cold environment showed (i) downregulation of TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κBp65; (ii) inhibition of transcriptional activities of promoters coding for TLR7, MyD88, and NF-κBp65; (iii) reduction in the proportion of Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cells. Conclusions: Gui Zhi Ma Huang Ge Ban Tang had a good therapeutic effect on mice infected with IAV, especially in the cold environment. It could reduce lung inflammation in mice significantly and elicit an anti-influenza effect by downregulating expression of the key factors in TLR7 signaling pathway.

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