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1.
Inorg Chem ; 61(2): 1018-1030, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967616

RESUMO

A half-conjugate polydentate Salamo-Salen hybrid ligand, H5L, containing two unique N2O2 pockets was first designed so that these metal ions in the complexes appear in different coordination modes. Two heterohexanuclear 3d-s double-helical cluster complexes, [Zn4Ca2L2(µ1-OAc)2(EtOH)2]·2EtOH (1; EtOH = ethanol) and [Zn4Sr2L2(µ2-OAc)2(MeOH)2]·2CH2Cl2 (2; MeOH = methanol), are reported that are formed through the reaction of H5L with zinc(II) and calcium(II) acetate or strontium(II) acetate, respectively. IR spectral analysis of the two complexes showed the existence of monodentate- and bidentate-coordinated acetate ions. The fluorescence properties of the ligand and its two heterohexanuclear complexes were explored in MeOH and water solutions, separately. In addition, theoretical calculations (density functional theory, interaction region indicator, and bond order) were performed to further understand the formation of a single-molecular double helix and the electron distribution characteristics of the two complexes.

2.
Research (Wash D C) ; 2021: 9817062, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870228

RESUMO

Recently, triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) have been promoted as an effective technique for ambient energy harvesting, given their large power density and high energy conversion efficiency. However, traditional TENGs based on the combination of triboelectrification effect and electrostatic induction have proven susceptible to environmental influence, which intensively restricts their application range. Herein, a new coupling mechanism based on electrostatic induction and ion conduction is proposed to construct flexible stable output performance TENGs (SOP-TENGs). The calcium chloride doped-cellulose nanofibril (CaCl2-CNF) film made of natural carrots was successfully introduced to realize this coupling, resulting from its intrinsic properties as natural nanofibril hydrogel serving as both triboelectric layer and electrode. The coupling of two conductive mechanisms of SOP-TENG was comprehensively investigated through electrical measurements, including the effects of moisture content, relative humidity, and electrode size. In contrast to the conventional hydrogel ionotronic TENGs that require moisture as the carrier for ion transfer and use a hydrogel layer as the electrode, the use of a CaCl2-CNF film (i.e., ion-doped natural hydrogel layer) as a friction layer in the proposed SOP-TENG effectively realizes a superstable electrical output under varying moisture contents and relative humidity due to the compound transfer mechanism of ions and electrons. This new working principle based on the coupling of electrostatic induction and ion conduction opens a wider range of applications for the hydrogel ionotronic TENGs, as the superstable electrical output enables them to be more widely applied in various complex environments to supply energy for low-power electronic devices.

3.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 27(10): 934-940, 2021 10 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34914273

RESUMO

Circulating tumor cells (CTC) are tumor cells that escape from the primary or metastatic tumor into the circulatory system, and closely related to cancer metastasis. Since the samples can be obtained through simple and minimally invasive blood sampling operations, CTCs have a great clinical potential. PCa is one of the most common malignant tumors in men. In recent years, many scholars have conducted studies as to whether CTC technology can be used for the diagnosis and treatment of PCa, as well as for more accurate prediction of the risk of progression. This article summarizes the advances in researches relating CTC technology and the diagnosis and treatment of PCa. CTC detection has been developed from simple counting to phenotypic classification, and even to its combination with the determination of the expressions of specific genes (such as AR, AR-V7, etc.) and single-cell sequencing. Some reports showed that CTC technology has a certain significance in the early diagnosis of PCa, but its main value is demonstrated in drug sensitivity and prognosis evaluation in the late stage of the malignancy. The standardized detection methods and reference values of CTCs in PCa will be important research orientations in the near future.


Assuntos
Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Neoplasias da Próstata , Contagem de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia
4.
Open Biol ; 11(12): 210170, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34905699

RESUMO

The myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD-2)-related lipid-recognition protein is involved in immune responses through recognizing bacteria lipopolysaccharide in mammals, arthropods and plants. However, the physiological roles of MD-2 in other biological processes are largely unknown. Here, we identified three homologue MD-2 genes (NlML1, NlML2 and NlML3) by searching the genome and transcriptome databases of the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens, a hemipteran insect species. Temporospatial analysis showed that the NlML1 gene was highly expressed in the fat body but much less so in the other tissues, while the NlML2 and NlML3 genes were highly expressed in the testis or digestive tract. RNA interference-mediated depletion of the NlML1 gene significantly downregulated the transcription of numerous integument protein genes. The NlML1 knockdown led to moulting failure and mortality at the nymph-adult transition phase, impaired egg laying and hatching, and reduced 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) production in the nymphs. 20E could rescue the deficient moulting phenotypes derived from dsNlML1 RNAi. These novel findings indicate that NlML1 is required for nymphal moulting and female reproductive success as it plays an important role in regulating 20E synthesis, lipid and chitin metabolisms in N. lugens, thus contributing to our understanding of developmental and reproductive mechanisms in insects.

5.
BMJ Open Gastroenterol ; 8(1)2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789472

RESUMO

RESEARCH OBJECTIVES: Clostriodiodes difficile infection (CDI) is a major cause of healthcare-associated diarrhoea with high mortality. There is a lack of validated predictors for severe outcomes in CDI. The aim of this study is to derive and validate a clinical prediction tool for CDI in-hospital mortality using a large critical care database. METHODOLOGY: The demographics, clinical parameters, laboratory results and mortality of CDI were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care-III (MIMIC-III) database. We subsequently trained three machine learning models: logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF) and gradient boosting machine (GBM) to predict in-hospital mortality. The individual performances of the models were compared against current severity scores (Clostridiodes difficile Associated Risk of Death Score (CARDS) and ATLAS (Age, Treatment with systemic antibiotics, leukocyte count, Albumin and Serum creatinine as a measure of renal function) by calculating area under receiver operating curve (AUROC). We identified factors associated with higher mortality risk in each model. SUMMARY OF RESULTS: From 61 532 intensive care unit stays in the MIMIC-III database, there were 1315 CDI cases. The mortality rate for CDI in the study cohort was 18.33%. AUROC was 0.69 (95% CI, 0.60 to 0.76) for LR, 0.71 (95% CI, 0.62 to 0.77) for RF and 0.72 (95% CI, 0.64 to 0.78) for GBM, while previously AUROC was 0.57 (95% CI, 0.51 to 0.65) for CARDS and 0.63 (95% CI, 0.54 to 0.70) for ATLAS. Albumin, lactate and bicarbonate were significant mortality factors for all the models. Free calcium, potassium, white blood cell, urea, platelet and mean blood pressure were present in at least two of the three models. CONCLUSION: Our machine learning derived CDI in-hospital mortality prediction model identified pertinent factors that can assist critical care clinicians in identifying patients at high risk of dying from CDI.

6.
Chemosphere ; : 132388, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695485

RESUMO

Partial sulfide autotrophic denitrification (PSAD) has been proposed as a promising process to achieve elemental sulfur recovery and nitrite accumulation, which is required for anaerobic ammonium oxidation reaction. This study investigated the effect of seeding sludge on the start-up performance of PSAD process, with different sludge taken from the oxidation zone (S-o) of wastewater treatment plants, partial denitrification reactor (S-PD), and anoxic/oxic reactor (S-A/O). The results showed that the PSAD process could be achieved rapidly in three systems on day 22, 29 and 26, respectively. In particular, the S-O system completed the start-up in the shortest time of 22 d, with NO3--N and S2- removal efficiency of 85.3% and 99.3%, respectively. Selected the S-O system to operate long term, the nitrite (NO2--N) and biological elemental sulfur (S0) accumulation efficiencies were systematically investigated under different S/N ratios (in a range of 0.71-1.2). The maximum NO2--N and S0 accumulation efficiencies were 85.2% and 73.5%, respectively, at the S/N ratio of 1.1. In addition, the separation and recovery of S0 in effluent was achieved by employing polyaluminum chloride (PAC) as a flocculant. Using 2D Gaussian function as quadratic model for the maximizing of S0 flocculant efficiency (SFR), an optimal condition of PAC dosage 7.92 mL/L and pH 5.14 was obtained, and the SFR reached 94.1%, under such conditions. The findings offered useful information to facilitate the application of the PSAD process.

7.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 503, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are the small non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) that silence genomic transposable elements. And researchers found out that piRNA also regulates various endogenous transcripts. However, there is no systematic understanding of the piRNA binding patterns and how piRNA targets genes. While various prediction methods have been developed for other similar ncRNAs (e.g., miRNAs), piRNA holds distinctive characteristics and requires its own computational model for binding target prediction. RESULTS: Recently, transcriptome-wide piRNA binding events in C. elegans were probed by PRG-1 CLASH experiments. Based on the probed piRNA-messenger RNAs (mRNAs) binding pairs, in this research, we devised the first deep learning architecture based on multi-head attention to computationally identify piRNA targeting mRNA sites. In the devised deep network, the given piRNA and mRNA segment sequences are first one-hot encoded and undergo a combined operation of convolution and squeezing-extraction to unravel motif patterns. And we incorporate a novel multi-head attention sub-network to extract the hidden piRNA binding rules that can simulate the biological piRNA target recognition process. Finally, the true piRNA-mRNA binding pairs are identified by a deep fully connected sub-network. Our model obtains a supreme discriminatory power of AUC [Formula: see text] 93.3% on an independent test set and successfully extracts the verified binding pattern of a synthetic piRNA. These results demonstrated that the devised model achieves high prediction performance and suggests testable potential biological piRNA binding rules. CONCLUSIONS: In this research, we developed the first deep learning method to identify piRNA targeting sites on C. elegans mRNAs. And the developed deep learning method is demonstrated to be of high accuracy and can provide biological insights into piRNA-mRNA binding patterns. The piRNA binding target identification network can be downloaded from http://cosbi2.ee.ncku.edu.tw/data_download/piRNA_mRNA_binding .


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , MicroRNAs , Animais , Proteínas Argonauta , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Elementos de DNA Transponíveis , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
8.
Nat Metab ; 3(10): 1400-1414, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663975

RESUMO

5-diphosphoinositol pentakisphosphate (5-IP7) is a signalling metabolite linked to various cellular processes. How extracellular stimuli elicit 5-IP7 signalling remains unclear. Here we show that 5-IP7 in ß cells mediates parasympathetic stimulation of synaptotagmin-7 (Syt7)-dependent insulin release. Mechanistically, vagal stimulation and activation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors triggers Gαq-PLC-PKC-PKD-dependent signalling and activates IP6K1, the 5-IP7 synthase. Whereas both 5-IP7 and its precursor IP6 compete with PIP2 for binding to Syt7, Ca2+ selectively binds 5-IP7 with high affinity, freeing Syt7 to enable fusion of insulin-containing vesicles with the cell membrane. ß-cell-specific IP6K1 deletion diminishes insulin secretion and glucose clearance elicited by muscarinic stimulation, whereas mice carrying a phosphorylation-mimicking, hyperactive IP6K1 mutant display augmented insulin release, congenital hyperinsulinaemia and obesity. These phenotypes are absent in mice lacking Syt7. Our study proposes a new conceptual framework for inositol pyrophosphate physiology in which 5-IP7 acts as a GPCR second messenger at the interface between peripheral nervous system and metabolic organs, transmitting Gq-coupled GPCR stimulation to unclamp Syt7-dependent, and perhaps other, exocytotic events.

9.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1359-1365, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy magnetic resonance (MR)-guided percutaneous thermal ablation for the treatment of small liver malignant tumors of segment II and IVa (≤3.0 cm) abutting the heart. METHOD: The enrollment of 24 patients with 25 malignant liver lesions located on the II or IVa segment abutting the heart who underwent MRI-guided thermal ablation between August 2010 and February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Follow-up MRI was performed to evaluate the curative effect. Local tumor progression-free survival and overall survival rates were also calculated. RESULTS: The procedures including radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for 15 patients and microwave ablation (MWA) for 9 patients were successfully accomplished (technical success rate of 100%) without major complications. The mean duration time was 78.4 ± 29.4 min (40-140 min), and mean follow-up time was 31.5 ± 22.2 months (6-92 months). The technical efficacy was 100% following one ablation session with MRI assessment after one month. Local tumor progression was observed in one patient with a metastatic lesion located in segment II at 18 months follow-up. The progression-free survival time was 20.1 ± 16.9 months (median: 15 months). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year local tumor progression-free survival rates of this patient were 100%, 94.7%, and 94.7%, respectively. With regards to all the patients, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year estimated overall survival rates were 91.7%, 80.6%, and 50.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: MR-guided thermal ablation is safe and effective for the treatment of small liver malignant tumors located on the II or IVa segment abutting the heart.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 5149-5159, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589189

RESUMO

Transcript isoforms regulated by alternative splicing can substantially impact carcinogenesis, leading to a need to obtain clues for both gene differential expression and malfunctions of isoform distributions in cancer studies. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project was launched in 2008 to collect cancer-related genome mutation raw data from the population. While many repositories tried to add insights into the raw data in TCGA, no existing database provides both comprehensive gene-level and isoform-level cancer stage marker investigation and survival analysis. We constructed Cancer DEIso to facilitate in-depth analyses for both gene-level and isoform-level human cancer studies. Patient RNA-seq data, sample sheets, patient clinical data, and human genome datasets were collected and processed in Cancer DEIso. And four functions to search differentially expressed genes/isoforms between cancer stages were implemented: (i) Search potential gene/isoform markers for a specified cancer type and its two stages; (ii) Search potentially induced cancer types and stages for a gene/isoform; (iii) Expression survival analysis on a given gene/isoform for some cancer; (iv) Gene/isoform stage expression comparison visualization. As an example, we demonstrate that Cancer DEIso can indicate potential colorectal cancer isoform diagnostic markers that are not easily detected when only gene-level expressions are considered. Cancer DEIso is available at http://cosbi4.ee.ncku.edu.tw/DEIso/.

11.
Anal Chem ; 93(34): 11878-11886, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403238

RESUMO

Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from fluorescent nanoparticles to fluorescent dyes is an attractive approach for bioanalysis in living cells. However, the luminescence of the nanoparticle donor/acceptor has not been effectively used to produce highly efficient FRET because the distance between the energy donor and energy acceptor is often larger than the effective FRET radius (about 10 nm) and the uncontrolled rotational and translational diffusion of luminophores. Here, we develop an aggregation-enhanced energy transfer strategy that can overcome the impedance for effective energy transfer. The functional nanoprobes, named TPP-CDs-FITC, are carbon dots (CDs) functionalized with triphenylphosphine (TPP) and ∼117 fluorescein 5-isothiocyanate (FITC) on the surface. In dispersed solution, the 3.8 nm TPP-CDs-FITC show weak FRET efficiency (15.4%). After TPP-instructed mitochondrial targeting, enhanced FRET efficiency (53.2%) is induced due to the aggregation of TPP-CDs-FITC selectively triggered by adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the mitochondria. The enhanced FRET efficiency can be attributed to the joint effect of the augment of numbers of FITC acceptors within 10 nm from dispersed 117 to aggregated 5499 and the restricted rotational and translational motions of TPP-CDs donors and FITC acceptors. Ultimately, we successfully observe the fluctuations of ATP levels in the mitochondria using the aggregation-enhanced energy transfer strategy of the TPP-CDs-FITC nanodevice.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina , Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato , Corantes Fluorescentes , Mitocôndrias
12.
PLoS One ; 16(8): e0254587, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34437570

RESUMO

Although numerous epidemiological studies revealed an association between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure and Alzheimer's disease (AD), the PM2.5-induced neuron toxicity and associated mechanisms were not fully elucidated. The present study assessed brain toxicity in 6-month-old female triple-transgenic AD (3xTg-AD) mice following subchronic exposure to PM2.5 via an inhalation system. The treated mice were whole-bodily and continuously exposed to real-world PM2.5 for 3 months, while the control mice inhaled filtered air. Changes in cognitive and motor functions were evaluated using the Morris Water Maze and rotarod tests. Magnetic resonance imaging analysis was used to record gross brain volume alterations, and tissue staining with hematoxylin and eosin, Nissl, and immunohistochemistry methods were used to monitor pathological changes in microstructures after PM2.5 exposure. The levels of AD-related hallmarks and the oxidative stress biomarker malondialdehyde (MDA) were assessed using Western blot analysis and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, respectively. Our results showed that subchronic exposure to environmental levels of PM2.5 induced obvious neuronal loss in the cortex of exposed mice, but without significant impairment of cognitive and motor function. Increased levels of phosphorylated-tau and MDA were also observed in olfactory bulb or hippocampus after PM2.5 exposure, but no amyloid pathology was detected, as reported in previous studies. These results revealed that a relatively lower level of PM2.5 subchronic exposure from the environmental atmosphere still induced certain neurodegenerative changes in the brains of AD mice, especially in the olfactory bulb, entorhinal cortex and hippocampus, which is consistent with the nasal entry and spreading route for PM exposure. Systemic factors may also contribute to the neuronal toxicity. The effects of PM2.5 after a more prolonged exposure period are needed to establish a more comprehensive picture of the PM2.5-mediated development of AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/genética , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Proteínas tau/genética , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Doença de Alzheimer/induzido quimicamente , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Cromatografia Líquida , Cognição/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/patologia , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Bulbo Olfatório/metabolismo , Bulbo Olfatório/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Tamanho da Partícula
13.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 3692-3707, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285772

RESUMO

Phosphoinositides (PIs) are a family of eight lipids consisting of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) and its seven phosphorylated forms. PIs have important regulatory functions in the cell including lipid signaling, protein transport, and membrane trafficking. Yeast has been recognized as a eukaryotic model system to study lipid-protein interactions. Hundreds of yeast PI-binding proteins have been identified, but this research knowledge remains scattered. Besides, the complete PI-binding spectrum and potential PI-binding domains have not been interlinked. No comprehensive databases are available to support the lipid-protein interaction research on phosphoinositides. Here we constructed the first knowledgebase of Yeast Phosphoinositide-Binding Proteins (YPIBP), a repository consisting of 679 PI-binding proteins collected from high-throughput proteome-array and lipid-array studies, QuickGO, and a rigorous literature mining. The YPIBP also contains protein domain information in categories of lipid-binding domains, lipid-related domains and other domains. The YPIBP provides search and browse modes along with two enrichment analyses (PI-binding enrichment analysis and domain enrichment analysis). An interactive visualization is given to summarize the PI-domain-protein interactome. Finally, three case studies were given to demonstrate the utility of YPIBP. The YPIBP knowledgebase consolidates the present knowledge and provides new insights of the PI-binding proteins by bringing comprehensive and in-depth interaction network of the PI-binding proteins. YPIBP is available at http://cosbi7.ee.ncku.edu.tw/YPIBP/.

14.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 193, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34312370

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, a recently identified and iron-dependent cell death, differs from other cell death such as apoptosis, necroptosis, pyroptosis, and autophagy-dependent cell death. This form of cell death does not exhibit typical morphological and biochemical characteristics, including cell shrinkage, mitochondrial fragmentation, nuclear condensation. The dysfunction of lipid peroxide clearance, the presence of redox-active iron as well as oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-containing phospholipids are three essential features of ferroptosis. Iron metabolism and lipid peroxidation signaling are increasingly recognized as central mediators of ferroptosis. Ferroptosis plays an important role in the regulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Accumulating evidence suggests that ferroptosis is implicated in a variety of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, stroke, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and heart failure, indicating that targeting ferroptosis will present a novel therapeutic approach against cardiovascular diseases. Here, we provide an overview of the features, process, function, and mechanisms of ferroptosis, and its increasingly connected relevance to oxidative stress, inflammation, and cardiovascular diseases.

15.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131008, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082311

RESUMO

Exposure to the stressful environment results in excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in anaerobes, which causes deterioration of microbial activities in biological wastewater treatment systems. Although the genes involved in oxidative stress defense have been primarily identified in the genome of Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis (a typical anammox species), their function is still not verified. Therefore, the expression of putative antioxidation genes kat, sor, and sod in anammox bacteria was studied by in situ transcription and function validated by heterologous expression under the typical ROS (H2O2) and RNS (NO) stress. After H2O2 and NO additions, the genes involved in the anammox central metabolism (nirS, hzsB, and hdh) were immediately down expressed consistent with the decreased anammox activity. However, the expression of putative antioxidation gene kat did not rise when exposed to H2O2; whereas, its encoding protein KAT enhanced the antioxidant actively of anammox bacteria by H2O2 decomposition like the oxidoreductase enzyme catalase. The sod and sor gene were upregulated with NO treatment, and SOD and SOR can combine with NO and decrease its concentration efficiently. These confirmed the important role of kat, sod, and sor as ROS/RNS scavengers in anammox bacteria, with which anammox bacteria protect themselves when they are exposed to the stressful environment. These verified functional enzymes provide directions for the future regulation of anammox systems, which helps to mitigate the inhibitory effect of the stressful environment on anammox bacteria.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Anaerobiose , Bactérias/genética , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo
16.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(Suppl 10): 271, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Translational regulation is one important aspect of gene expression regulation. Dysregulation of translation results in abnormal cell physiology and leads to diseases. Ribosome profiling (RP), also called ribo-seq, is a powerful experimental technique to study translational regulation. It can capture a snapshot of translation by deep sequencing of ribosome-protected mRNA fragments. Many ribosome profiling data processing tools have been developed. However, almost all tools analyze ribosome profiling data at the gene level. Since different isoforms of a gene may produce different proteins with distinct biological functions, it is advantageous to analyze ribosome profiling data at the isoform level. To meet this need, previously we developed a pipeline to analyze 610 public human ribosome profiling data at the isoform level and constructed HRPDviewer database. RESULTS: To allow other researchers to use our pipeline as well, here we implement our pipeline as an easy-to-use software tool called RPiso. Compared to Ribomap (a widely used tool which provides isoform-level ribosome profiling analyses), our RPiso (1) estimates isoform abundance more accurately, (2) supports analyses on more species, and (3) provides a web-based viewer for interactively visualizing ribosome profiling data on the selected mRNA isoforms. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we developed RPiso software tool ( http://cosbi7.ee.ncku.edu.tw/RPiso/ ) to provide isoform-level ribosome profiling analyses. RPiso is very easy to install and execute. RPiso also provides a web-based viewer for interactively visualizing ribosome profiling data on the selected mRNA isoforms. We believe that RPiso is a useful tool for researchers to analyze and visualize their own ribosome profiling data at the isoform level.


Assuntos
Biossíntese de Proteínas , Ribossomos , Humanos , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ribossomos/genética , Ribossomos/metabolismo , Software
17.
Nano Lett ; 21(12): 5195-5200, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34115500

RESUMO

We have experimentally investigated the effect of electron temperature on transport in the two-dimensional Dirac surface states of the three-dimensional topological insulator HgTe. We have found that around the minimal conductivity point, where both electrons and holes are present, heating the carriers with a DC current results in a nonmonotonic differential resistance of narrow channels. We have shown that the observed initial increase in resistance can be attributed to electron-hole scattering, while the decrease follows naturally from the change in Fermi energy of the charge carriers. Both effects are governed dominantly by a van Hove singularity in the bulk valence band. The results demonstrate the importance of interband electron-hole scattering in the transport properties of topological insulators.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(16): 3996-4000, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34141758

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery aneurysm combined with myocardial bridge is a very rare clinical situation. The prognosis of this clinical situation is not yet clear. CASE SUMMARY: A coronary artery aneurysm and myocardial bridge in the same segment of the coronary artery were found in a 54-year-old female patient who underwent coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound examination. Through conservative treatment, the patient was discharged from the hospital smoothly, and she was in good condition during 5 mo of follow-up. CONCLUSION: Coronary artery aneurysm combined with myocardial bridge seems to have a good prognosis, but due to the rarity of this clinical situation, further research and follow-up are needed.

19.
J Diabetes Investig ; 12(11): 2080-2088, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34008344

RESUMO

AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Maternal hyperglycemia leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes, and also subsequently affects both mothers and their offspring in later life. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is increasing worldwide, and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is also believed to be increasing. More precise nationwide and up-to-date data on GDM are required. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based retrospective cohort study was carried out with the Birth Certificate Application database and linked to the National Health Insurance Research Database to explore trends in the annual crude prevalence of GDM in all women who gave birth between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2015 in Taiwan and their pregnancy outcomes. The registry is considered complete, reliable and accurate. RESULTS: A total of 2,468,793 births from 2,430,307 pregnancies were reported between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2015. Finally, 2,053,305 pregnancies were included for further analysis. The annual prevalence of GDM increased by 1.8-fold during the 12 years from 2004 to 2015, with a significant continuous increasing trend (from 7.6% to 13.4%, P < 0.001). The annual prevalence of GDM significantly increased in each age group (all trends P < 0.001), particularly for women with maternal ages of 31 years and older. Urbanization level, geographic risk factors and seasonal variations were also noted. CONCLUSION: The annual prevalence of GDM increased by 1.8-fold in the 12-year period from 2004 to 2015 in Taiwan, with a significant continuous increasing trend (from 7.6% to 13.4%, P < 0.001).

20.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 561: 113-119, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34022711

RESUMO

microRNAs have been shown to be associated with the development of skin fibrosis. Therefore, miRNA modulators play an important role in the management of cutaneous fibrotic diseases and are worthy of investigation. However, a major obstacle of miRNAs therapy is to deliver miRNAs to target cell types, tissues or organs. The study reported here investigated the effects of miR-16-5p delivery by keratinocytes-derived exosomes on skin fibrosis in the bleomycin (BLM)-treated mice. In results, miR-16-5p-overexpressing keratinocytes-derived exosomes significantly suppressed the enhancing effects of TGF-ß1 on proliferation, migration and COL1A1 expression of fibroblasts. Moreover, we found that miR-16-5p-overexpressing keratinocytes-derived exosomes inhibited the endogenous Smad3 expression. In vivo, subcutaneously injected of miR-16-5p-overexpressing keratinocytes-derived exosomes significantly enhanced miR-16-5p expression in the skin compared with the control group, while suppressing BLM-induced skin fibrosis with reduced dermal thickening and lower COL1A1 expression. In conclusion, our results suggest that the localized delivery of miR-16-5p by keratinocytes-derived exosomes may have potential for efficient clinical treatment of skin fibrosis.


Assuntos
Bleomicina/toxicidade , Exossomos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/administração & dosagem , Dermatopatias/terapia , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/genética , Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente , Dermatopatias/genética , Dermatopatias/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo
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