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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(17): 2099-2109, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The methylated septin 9 (mSEPT9) assay was the first blood-based test approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration as a colorectal screening test. However, the diagnostic and prognostic role of preoperative mSEPT9 for colorectal cancer (CRC) in Chinese patients is still unknown. AIM: To improve the understanding of diagnostic and prognostic factors, serum mSEPT9 was detected in Chinese CRC patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 354 cases, of which 300 had CRC and 54 were normal, was performed in China. Patients' characteristics, treatments, and laboratory data, including age, the date of surgery, Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) stages, distant metastasis (M), and so on, were collected. Methylation levels of SEPT9 were quantified by quantitative, methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction before surgery. In addition, the effects of mSEPT9 on the occurrence and prognosis of 330 CRC cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database were evaluated using bioinformatics analyses. Potential prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier univariate analysis. RESULTS: In Chinese CRC patients, positive mSEPT9 was strongly associated with advanced UICC stages, deeper invasion by the primary tumor, and more distant metastasis. Methylation levels of SEPT9 were stage-dependent and showed a stepwise increase in UICC stages (I-IV), primary tumor categories (T1-T4), regional node categories (N0-N2), and distant metastasis categories (M0-M1). The patients with positive mSEPT9 showed a tendency toward lower PFS. After analyzing TCGA clinical data, the high mSEPT9 group was found to be obviously correlated only with more distant metastasis. The patients with high mSEPT9 levels showed a tendency toward lower OS. Besides, nine meaningful mSEPT9 sites were found to provide guidance for the follow-up studies. CONCLUSION: MSEPT9 analysis may add valuable information to current tumor staging. Serum mSEPT9 in Chinese CRC patients appears to offer promising novel prognostic markers and might be considered for monitoring CRC recurrence.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Septinas/metabolismo , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , China , Neoplasias Colorretais/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Biologia Computacional , Metilação de DNA , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
J Clin Neurosci ; 37: 6-14, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27816260

RESUMO

Several studies examined a possible link between multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) gene variants and the risk of resistance to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in epilepsy, but the results were contradictory. In this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to assess the relevance of ABCC2 common variants (c.-24C>T, c.1249G>A, c.3972C>T) with the response risk of AEDs. We searched Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library and CNKI databases for case-control studies published through May 2016 that evaluated the role of ABCC2 gene variants in pharmacoresistance to AEDs. Odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the strength of associations between the ABCC2 c.-24C>T, c.1249G>A and c.3972C>T variants and the risk of resistance to AEDs using an allele frequency model, dominant model and recessive model. Subgroup analyses were performed by ethnicity and the definition of drug-resistance. A total of 13 published studies involving 4300 patients (2261 patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and 2039 controls with drug-responsive epilepsy) met the selection criteria. We observed that the variant c.-24C>T was associated with a significantly increased risk of AED resistance (TT+CT vs CC: OR=1.24, 95%CI=1.06-1.46, p=0.009; TT vs CT+CC: OR=1.90, 95%CI=1.31-2.76, p=0.0008; T vs C: OR=1.27, 95%CI=1.11-1.46, p=0.0006). However, we identified no significant association of the ABCC2 c.1249G>A, c.3972C>T variants and haplotypes with the response to anticonvulsant drug in the overall population. In summary, these observations suggest that the ABCC2 c.-24C>T polymorphism is a likely risk factor for resistance to AEDs.


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Epilepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Epilepsia/genética , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Haplótipos , Humanos
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