Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 243
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 137: 111339, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550044

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) immunotherapy has shown promising clinical results in the treatment of leukemia and lymphoma, but the effectiveness is limited for solid tumors. The PD-1/PD-L1 pathway is a key immunosuppressive mechanism for cancer cells to avoid eradication by CAR-T cells. In this study, the shRNA (short hair RNA) gene-silencing technique was used to construct the third-generation of CAR-T cells with PD-1 silencing which targeted CD19 antigen (CD19/△PD-1 CAR-T) and prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA/△PD-1 CAR-T), thereby blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in treatment of lymphoma and prostate subcutaneous xenograft and enhancing the anti-tumor effect of CAR-T cells. The cell experiments showed that PD-1 silencing in CAR-T cells effectively blocked the PD-1 / PD-L1 pathway. When the ratio of effector to target cell is 8:1, △PD-1 CAR-T cells exhibited higher killing ability and cytokine releasing ability than normal CAR-T cells did. The subcutaneous tumor models were constructed using human chronic myelogenous leukemia cells expressing CD19 (K562-CD19) and human prostate cancer cells expressing PSCA (PC3-PSCA), and treated with CD19/△PD-1 CAR-T and PSCA/△PD-1 CAR-T cells, respectively. The tumor volumes significantly reduced within one week, indicating the good tumor growth inhibitory effect of △PD-1 CAR-T cells. Mice injected with △PD-1 CAR-T cells showed a significantly prolonged survival time compared to those with normal CAR-T cells. This study proved that shRNA-mediated PD-1 silencing technology is an effective strategy for blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 immunosuppression pathway and enhancing the therapeutic effect of CAR-T cells on subcutaneous xenograft. SUMMARY: The effect of CAR-T in treating solid tumors has not been as successful as that in hematological malignancies. The key immunosuppressive mechanism is the expression of PD-1/PD-L1. We used gene silencing technique mediated by shRNA (short hair RNA) to block the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in lymphoma and prostate tumors, thus enhancing the anti-tumor effect of CAR-T cells on subcutaneous xenograft.

2.
Neurosci Bull ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570705

RESUMO

Chordotonal neurons are responsible for sound sensation in Drosophila. However, little is known about how they respond to sound with high sensitivity. Using genetic labeling, we found one of the Drosophila axonemal dynein heavy chains, CG9492 (DNAH5), was specifically expressed in larval chordotonal neurons and showed a distribution restricted to proximal cilia. While DNAH5 mutation did not affect the cilium morphology or the trafficking of Inactive, a candidate auditory transduction channel, larvae with DNAH5 mutation had reduced startle responses to sound at low and medium intensities. Calcium imaging confirmed that DNAH5 functioned autonomously in chordotonal neurons for larval sound sensation. Furthermore, disrupting DNAH5 resulted in a decrease of spike firing responses to low-level sound in chordotonal neurons. Intriguingly, DNAH5 mutant larvae displayed an altered frequency tuning curve of the auditory organs. All together, our findings support a critical role of DNAH5 in tuning the frequency selectivity and the sound sensitivity of larval auditory neurons.

3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1247, 2021 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623021

RESUMO

Extensive epigenetic reprogramming occurs during preimplantation embryo development. However, it remains largely unclear how the drastic epigenetic reprogramming contributes to transcriptional regulatory network during this period. Here, we develop a single-cell multiomics sequencing technology (scNOMeRe-seq) that enables profiling of genome-wide chromatin accessibility, DNA methylation and RNA expression in the same individual cell. We apply this method to depict a single-cell multiomics map of mouse preimplantation development. We find that genome-wide DNA methylation remodeling facilitates the reconstruction of genetic lineages in early embryos. Further, we construct a zygotic genome activation (ZGA)-associated regulatory network and reveal coordination among multiple epigenetic layers, transcription factors and repeat elements that instruct proper ZGA. Cell fates associated cis-regulatory elements are activated stepwise in post-ZGA stages. Trophectoderm (TE)-specific transcription factors play dual roles in promoting the TE program while repressing the inner cell mass (ICM) program during the ICM/TE separation.

4.
Hum Reprod ; 36(2): 318-330, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33313772

RESUMO

STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to evaluate the methylome of individual oocytes to investigate the DNA methylome alterations in metaphase II (MII) oocytes with reduced embryo developmental potential? SUMMARY ANSWER: The DNA methylome of each human first polar body (PB1) closely mirrored that of its sibling MII oocyte; hypermethylated long interspersed nuclear element (LINE) and long terminal repeats (LTRs) and methylation aberrations in PB1 promoter regions may indicate poor embryo development. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The developmental potential of an embryo is determined by the oocyte's developmental competence, and the PB1 is a good substitute to examine the chromosomal status of the corresponding oocyte. However, DNA methylation, a key epigenetic modification, also regulates gene expression and embryo development. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Twelve pairs of PB1s and sibling MII oocytes were biopsied and sequenced to compare their methylomes. To further investigate the methylome of PB1s and the potential epigenetic factors that may affect oocyte quality, MII oocytes (n = 74) were fertilized through ICSI, while PB1s were biopsied and profiled to measure DNA methylation. The corresponding embryos were further cultured to track their development potential. The oocytes and sperm samples used in this study were donated by healthy volunteers with signed informed consent. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Single-cell methylome sequencing was applied to obtain the DNA methylation profiles of PB1s and oocytes. The DNA methylome of PB1s was compared between the respective group of oocytes that progressed to blastocysts and the group of oocytes that failed to develop. DNA methylation levels of corresponding regions and differentially methylated regions were calculated using customized Perl and R scripts. RNA-seq data were downloaded from a previously published paper and reanalysed. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: The results from PB1-MII oocyte pair validated that PB1 contains nearly the same methylome (average Pearson correlation is 0.92) with sibling MII oocyte. LINE and LTR expression increased markedly after fertilization. Moreover, the DNA methylation levels in LINE (including LINE1 and LINE2) and LTR were significantly higher in the PB1s of embryos that could not reach the blastocyst stage (Wilcoxon-Matt-Whitney test, P < 0.05). DNA methylation in PB1 promoters correlated negatively with gene expression of MII oocyte. Regarding the methylation status of the promoter regions, 66 genes were hypermethylated in the developmental arrested group, with their related functions (significantly enriched in several Gene Ontology terms) including transcription, positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade and intracellular oestrogen receptor signalling pathway. LARGE SCALE DATA: N/A. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: Data analysis performed in this study focused on the competence of human oocytes and compared them with maternal genetic and epigenetic profiles. Therefore, data regarding the potential regulatory roles of paternal genomes in embryo development are lacking. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: The results from PB1-oocyte pairs demonstrated that PB1s shared similar methylomes with their sibling oocytes. The selection of the good embryos for transfer should not only rely on morphology but also consider the DNA methylation of the corresponding PB1 and therefore MII oocyte. The application of early-stage analysis of PB1 offers an option for high-quality oocyte and embryo selection, which provides an additional tool for elective single embryo transfer in assisted reproduction. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018YFC1004003, 2017YFA0103801), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81730038, 3187144, 81521002) and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA16020703). The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

5.
ACS Omega ; 5(46): 30267-30273, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33251461

RESUMO

Since its invention in 1986, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), has become a well-established method for the detection and amplification of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) with a specific sequence. Incorporating fluorescent probes, known as TaqMan probes, or DNA intercalating dyes, such as SYBR Green, into the PCR mixture allows real-time monitoring of the reaction progress and extraction of quantitative information. Previously reported real-time PCR product detection using intercalating dyes required melting curve analysis (MCA) to be performed following thermal cycling. Here, we propose a technique to perform dynamic MCA during each thermal cycle, based on a continuous fluorescence monitoring method, providing qualitative and quantitative sample information. We applied the proposed method in multiplexing detection of hepatitis B virus DNA and complementary DNA of human immunodeficiency virus as well as glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase in different concentration ratios. We extracted the DNA melting curve and its derivative from each PCR cycle during the transition from the elongation to the denaturation temperature with a set heating rate of 0.8 K·s-1and then used the data to construct individual PCR amplification curves for each gene to determine the initial concentration of DNA in the sample. Our proposed method allows researchers to look inside the PCR in each thermal cycle, determining the PCR product specificity in real time instead of waiting until the end of the PCR. Additionally, the slow transition rate from elongation to denaturation provides a dynamic multiplexing assay, allowing the detection of at least three genes in real time.

6.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(44): 27218-27223, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067388

RESUMO

Most proteins have evolved to spontaneously fold into native structure and specifically bind with their partners for the purpose of fulfilling biological functions. According to Darwin, protein sequences evolve through random mutations, and only the fittest survives. The understanding of how the evolutionary selection sculpts the interaction patterns for both biomolecular folding and binding is still challenging. In this study, we incorporated the constraint of functional binding into the selection fitness based on the principle of minimal frustration for the underlying biomolecular interactions. Thermodynamic stability and kinetic accessibility were derived and quantified from a global funneled energy landscape that satisfies the requirements of both the folding into the stable structure and binding with the specific partner. The evolution proceeds via a bowl-like evolution energy landscape in the sequence space with a closed-ring attractor at the bottom. The sequence space is increasingly reduced until this ring attractor is reached. The molecular-interaction patterns responsible for folding and binding are identified from the evolved sequences, respectively. The residual positions participating in the interactions responsible for folding are highly conserved and maintain the hydrophobic core under additional evolutionary constraints of functional binding. The positions responsible for binding constitute a distributed network via coupling conservations that determine the specificity of binding with the partner. This work unifies the principles of protein binding and evolution under minimal frustration and sheds light on the evolutionary design of proteins for functions.

7.
Front Med ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876878

RESUMO

Oocyte cryopreservation is widely used for clinical and social reasons. Previous studies have demonstrated that conventional slow-freezing cryopreservation procedures, but not storage time, can alter the gene expression profiles of frozen oocytes. Whether vitrification procedures and the related frozen storage durations have any effects on the transcriptomes of human metaphase II oocytes remain unknown. Four women (30-32 years old) who had undergone IVF treatment were recruited for this study. RNA-Seq profiles of 3 fresh oocytes and 13 surviving vitrified-thawed oocytes (3, 3, 4, and 3 oocytes were cryostored for 1,2, 3, and 12 months) were analyzed at a single-cell resolution. A total of 1987 genes were differentially expressed in the 13 vitrified-thawed oocytes. However, no differentially expressed genes were found between any two groups among the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 12-month storage groups. Further analysis revealed that the aberrant genes in the vitrified oocytes were closely related to oogenesis and development. Our findings indicated that the effects of vitrification on the transcriptomes of mature human oocytes are induced by the procedure itself, suggesting that long-term cryostorage of human oocytes is safe.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 387, 2020 08 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32831023

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelet activation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). Platelet P-selectin (CD62P) is a classic platelet activation indicator on the platelet surface, and soluble TREM-like transcript-1 (sTLT-1) is a new indicator. However, the relationship between these two markers and CAD, especially in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate CD62P expression on the platelet surface and sTLT-1 expression in serum, as well as to assess their relationship with CAD. METHODS: We measured the levels of CD62P and sTLT-1 in 83 patients with CAD compared to 49 controls. The association of these indicators with age, blood pressure, lipid profile, body mass index, and liver injury marker level were also examined. RESULTS: CD62P concentration was higher in CAD patients than in the control group (P < 0.01), especially in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients (P < 0.01). Serum sTLT-1 concentration was higher in the AMI and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) groups than in the normal control (NC) group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The consistency of sTLT-1 and CD62P expression levels in CAD patients indicates that sTLT-1 level, the same as CD62P, may be a new marker of platelet activation that is positively related to CAD.

9.
Engineering (Beijing) ; 6(10): 1162-1169, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32837754

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread throughout the world, leading to large-scale population infection. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the receptor of both severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and SARS-CoV-2. However, it is still controversial whether vertical transmission exists. In order to investigate the potential risk of SARS-CoV-2 vertical transmission, we explored ACE2 and TMPRSS2 (encoding transmembrane protease serine 2) expression patterns in peri-implantation embryos and the maternal-fetal interface using previously published single-cell transcriptome data. The results showed that day 6 (D6) trophectoderm (TE) cells in peri-implantation embryos, as well as syncytiotrophoblast (STB) at 8 weeks of gestation (STB_8W) and extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells at 24 weeks of gestation (EVT_24W) in the maternal-fetal interface, strongly co-expressed ACE2 and TMPRSS2, indicating a SARS-CoV-2 infection susceptibility. The ACE2 positive-expressing cells in the three cell types mentioned above were found to share common characteristics, which were involved in autophagy and immune-related processes. ACE2 showed no gender bias in post-implantation embryos but showed a significant gender difference in D6_TE, D6 primitive endoderm (PE) cells, and ACE2 positive-expressing STBs. These findings suggest that there may be different SARS-CoV-2 infection susceptibilities of D6 embryos of different genders and during the gestation of different genders. Our results reveal potential SARS-CoV-2 infection risks during embryo transfer, peri-implantation embryo development, and gestation.

10.
Plant Signal Behav ; 15(10): 1795581, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32693669

RESUMO

As the main active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch, liquiritin has multiple biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antihepatotoxicity, immune regulation, anti-virus and anti-cancer. In addition, liquiritin has been recognized as an allelochemical that displays markedly inhibitory effects on the growth of target plants, G. uralensis and lettuce. However, its phytotoxic mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, the mode of action of liquiritin against root growth of lettuce seedling was researched. After treatments with liquiritin, the cell division in root tips of lettuce seedlings was partly arrested, and the cell viability and root vitality were obviously lost. At the same time, overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline (Pro) in lettuce seedlings were induced by liquiritin. The results indicated that the phytotoxic effects of liquiritin was probably dependent on the induction of ROS overproduction, resulting in membrane lipids peroxidation following with cell death and mitosis process disorder.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32695769

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, with an annual mortality incidence predicted to rise to 23.3 million worldwide by 2030. Synthetic vascular grafts as an alternative to autologous vessels have shown satisfactory long-term results for replacement of large- and medium-diameter arteries, but have poor patency rates when applied to small-diameter vessels. Nanoparticles with low toxicity, contrasting agent properties, tailorable characteristics, targeted/stimuli- response delivery potential, and precise control over behavior (via external stimuli such as magnetic fields) have made possible their use for improving engineered tissues. Poly (styrene-block-butadiene-block-styrene) (SBS) is a kind of widely used thermoplastic elastomer with good mechanical properties and biocompatibility. Here, we synthesized anthracene-grafted SBS (SBS-An) by the method for the fabrication of a biomimetic elastic membrane with a switchable Janus structure, and formed the patterns on the surface of SBS-An under ultraviolet (UV) light irradiation. By irradiating the SBS-An film at different times (0, 10, 20, 30, 60, and 120 s), we obtained six well-ordered surface-patterned biomimetic elastic film with SBS-An at different heights in the thickness direction and the same distances of intervals (named sample-0, 10, 20, 30, 60, and 120 s). The structural effects of the SBS-An films on the adhesion and proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were studied, and the possible mechanism was explored. When the HUVECs were cultured on the SBS-An films at different heights in the thickness direction, the sample-30 s with approximately 4 µm height significantly promoted adhesion of the HUVECs at the early stage and proliferation during the culture period compared with the samples of the lower (0, 10, and 20 s) and higher (60 and 120 s) heights. Consistent with this, the sample 30 s showed a higher stimulatory effect on the proliferation- and angiogenesis-related genes. These results suggest that SBS-An with appropriate height could efficiently control bioactivities of the biomimetic elastic membrane and might have great potential in vascular tissue engineering application.

12.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 961, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32670344

RESUMO

Artemisia halodendron Turcz. ex Besser occurs following the appearance of a pioneer species, Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq., with the former replacing the latter during the naturally vegetation succession in sandy dune regions in China. A previous study revealed that the foliage litter of A. halodendron had strong negative allelopathic effects on germination of the soil seed bank and on the seedling growth. However, whether this allelopathic effect varies with litter types and with the identity of plant species has not yet been studied. We, therefore, carried out a seed germination experiment to determine the allelopathic effects of three ltter types of A. halodendron (roots, foliage, and stems) on seed germination of six plant species that progressively occur along a successional gradient in the semi-arid grasslands in the Horqin Sandy Land of northeastern China. In line with our expectation, we found that the early-successional species rather than the late-successional species were negatively affected by A. halodendron and that the allelopathic effects on seed germination increase with increasing concentration of litter extracts, irrespective of litter types. Our study evidenced the negative allelopathic effects of A. halodendron on the species replacement and on the community composition during dune stabilization in the Horqin Sandy Land. Further studies are needed to better understand the successional process and thus to promote the vegetation restoration in that sandy dune region as A. halodendron itself disappeared also during the process.

13.
Sci China Life Sci ; 63(7): 1006-1015, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361911

RESUMO

Being infected by SARS-CoV-2 may cause damage to multiple organs in patients, such as the lung, liver and heart. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), reported as a SARS-CoV-2 receptor, is also expressed in human male testes. This suggests a potential risk in human male reproductive system. However, the characteristics of ACE2-positive cells and the expression of other SARS-CoV-2 process-related genes are still worthy of further investigation. Here, we performed singlecell RNA seq (scRNA-seq) analysis on 853 male embryo primordial germ cells (PGCs) and 2,854 normal testis cells to assess the effects of the SARS-CoV-2 virus on the male reproductive system from embryonic stage to adulthood. We also collected and constructed the scRNA-seq library on 228 Sertoli cells from three non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) patients to assess the effects at disease state. We found that ACE2 expressing cells existed in almost all testis cell types and Sertoli cells had highest expression level and positive cells ratio. Moreover, ACE2 was also expressed in human male PGCs. In adulthood, the level of ACE2 expression decreased with the increase of age. We also found that ACE2 positive cells had high expressions of stress response and immune activation-related genes. Interestingly, some potential SARS-CoV-2 process-related genes such as TMPRSS2, BSG, CTSL and CTSB had different expression patterns in the same cell type. Furthermore, ACE2 expression level in NOA donors' Sertoli cells was significantly decreased. Our work would help to assess the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the male reproductive system.


Assuntos
Azoospermia/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Pneumonia Viral , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/virologia , Adulto , Azoospermia/complicações , Azoospermia/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Células Germinativas Embrionárias/metabolismo , Células Germinativas Embrionárias/virologia , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Receptores Virais/genética , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Células de Sertoli/virologia , Análise de Célula Única , Espermatogênese/genética , Espermatogênese/fisiologia , Testículo/citologia
14.
Clin Genet ; 98(2): 138-146, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378203

RESUMO

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) of genetic diseases, combined with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing (PGD-HLA), is a useful technique to have healthy offspring that are compatible with a sibling for hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) to treat their genetic diseases. Here, we report a new strategy using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) linkage analysis for monogenic disease PGD combined with HLA typing, to simultaneously obtain the information of chromosomal aneuploidy, target mutations and HLA typing through a single low-depth next generation sequencing (NGS) procedure. In this study, five couples with probands underwent SNP linkage analysis for PGD-HLA typing were recruited. Within these five couples, two couples fortunately harvested four unaffected and HLA matched embryos with their siblings. After embryo transfer, two healthy neonates were born successfully. Subsequently, cord blood hematopoietic stem cells obtained from these two neonates were collected and frozen for treating their sick siblings. This novel strategy could provide abundant and specific SNPs for each family, therefore linkage information adjacent and even within HLA clusters were apparent. This study offers a highly flexible and precise method which could eliminate misdiagnosis caused by chromosomal recombination of the HLA gene, thus potentially benefit the success rate of HSCT.

15.
ACS Nano ; 14(5): 6305-6322, 2020 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378877

RESUMO

Previous studies on the treatment of hepatic cirrhosis have been focusing on how to inhibit liver fibrosis, while ignoring liver inflammation, a key and underlying factor that promotes cirrhosis. High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) protein, a pro-inflammatory factor and fibroblast chemokine, can promote the proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and the development of hepatic inflammation and fibrosis, playing a key role in cirrhosis formation. In this study, we prepared pPB peptide (C*SRNLIDC*)-modified and HMGB1-siRNA-loaded stable nucleic acid lipid nanoparticles (HMGB1-siRNA@SNALP-pPB) to effectively treat hepatic cirrhosis by their dual antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory activities. The pPB peptide-modified and heat shock protein 47 (HSP47)-siRNA-loaded stable nucleic acid lipid nanoparticles (HSP47-siRNA@SNALP-pPB), which have only an antifibrotic effect without an anti-inflammatory effect, was used as control. The results demonstrated that HMGB1-siRNA@SNALP-pPB were actively targeted to HSCs by the mediation of pPB peptide, effectively silenced the HMGB1 gene, inhibited the activation and proliferation of HSCs, reduced the release of HMGB1 protein, inhibited collagen deposition and fibrosis formation in the liver, and significantly prolonged the survival time of cirrhotic mice models. HMGB1-siRNA@SNALP-pPB showed a stronger therapeutic effect on liver cirrhosis than HSP47-siRNA@SNALP-pPB. This study provides an actively targeted siRNA delivery system for cirrhosis treatment based on the dual antifibrotic and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition, this study clarified the role of inflammatory problems in cirrhosis treatment in addition to liver fibrosis, providing a useful idea and scientific basis for the development of cirrhosis treatment strategies in the future.

16.
J Assist Reprod Genet ; 37(5): 1239-1250, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350783

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) analysis can be challenging for couples who carry more than one genetic condition. In this study, we describe a new PGD strategy to select which embryo(s) to transfer for two clinically challenging cases. Both cases lack essential family members for linkage analysis including de novo mutation combined with reciprocal translocation. METHODS: Diverging from conventional method, we performed direct point mutation detection, quantitative analysis of gene copy number, combined with linkage analysis assisted by SNP information from single sperm (or polar bodies), thus establishing an all-in-one protocol for single embryonic cell preimplantation diagnosis for two co-existing genetic conditions (monogenic disease and chromosomal abnormality) on the NGS-based platform. RESULTS: Using this newly developed method, 15 embryos from two cases were screened, and two embryos were determined as free of the monogenic disease and specific chromosomal abnormalities created by the prospective father's reciprocal translocations. CONCLUSION: This novel PGD strategy could effectively select unaffected embryo(s) for couples affected with or carrying a monogenetic disease and a reciprocal chromosome translocation concurrently.

17.
Hum Gene Ther ; 31(19-20): 1074-1085, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390483

RESUMO

High interleukin 17A (IL-17A) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissue promotes HCC development. This study explores a method to inhibit HCC growth by neutralizing IL-17A in the HCC microenvironment. A novel type 5 adenoviral vector (Ad5) that carries DNA sequences encoding specific neutralizing IL-17A recombinant antibody fragments was developed in this research. After locally injecting into tumor tissues, the Ad5 transduced into tumor cells. This leads to the expression of the anti-IL-17A recombinant antibody fragments in the HCC tissue and consequently to an inhibition of HCC growth by neutralizing IL-17A. The stability of the antibody fragments was optimized by different structures design. Stable HCC cell lines that secrete IL-17A continuously were constructed, which showed stronger invasion and migration ability than control HCC cell lines. In addition, the enhanced migration and invasion ability were partially reversed by applying the adenoviral vectors. These results suggest that IL-17A might promote HCC growth by enhancing the invasion and migration ability of hepatoma cells. The antibody fragments from Ad5 neutralized IL-17A locally, in turn inhibiting the growth of HCC tumors. In conclusion, the local administration of Ad5 vectors encoding IL-17A-neutralizing antibody fragments provides a new option for HCC immunotherapy.

18.
ACS Nano ; 14(4): 4336-4351, 2020 04 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275394

RESUMO

The abundant species of functional nanomaterials have attracted tremendous interests as components to construct multifunctional composites for cancer theranostics. However, their distinct chemical properties substantially require a specific strategy to integrate them in harmony. Here, we report the preparation of a distinctive multifunctional composite by encapsulating small-sized semiconducting copper bismuth sulfide (CBS) nanoparticles and rare-earth down-conversion (DC) nanoparticles in larger-sized zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF8) nanoparticles, followed by loading an anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX). Such composites can be used for tetramodal imaging, including traditional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and, recently, for photoacoustic imaging and fluorescence imaging. With a pH-responsive release of the encapsulated components, synergistic radio-chemotherapy with a high (87.6%) tumor inhibition efficiency is achieved at moderate doses of the CBS&DC-ZIF8@DOX composite with X-ray irradiation. This promising strategy highlights the extending capacity of zeolitic imidazolate frameworks to encapsulate multiple distinct components for enhanced cancer imaging and therapy.

19.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 41, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Haplotyping reveals chromosome blocks inherited from parents to in vitro fertilized (IVF) embryos in preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), enabling the observation of the transmission of disease alleles between generations. However, the methods of haplotyping that are suitable for single cells are limited because a whole genome amplification (WGA) process is performed before sequencing or genotyping in PGD, and true haplotype profiles of embryos need to be constructed based on genotypes that can contain many WGA artifacts. RESULTS: Here, we offer scHaplotyper as a genetic diagnosis tool that reconstructs and visualizes the haplotype profiles of single cells based on the Hidden Markov Model (HMM). scHaplotyper can trace the origin of each haplotype block in the embryo, enabling the detection of carrier status of disease alleles in each embryo. We applied this method in PGD in two families affected with genetic disorders, and the result was the healthy live births of two children in the two families, demonstrating the clinical application of this method. CONCLUSION: Next generation sequencing (NGS) of preimplantation embryos enable genetic screening for families with genetic disorders, avoiding the birth of affected babies. With the validation and successful clinical application, we showed that scHaplotyper is a convenient and accurate method to screen out embryos. More patients with genetic disorder will benefit from the genetic diagnosis of embryos. The source code of scHaplotyper is available at GitHub repository: https://github.com/yzqheart/scHaplotyper.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos/métodos , Haplótipos , Diagnóstico Pré-Implantação/métodos , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Blastocisto/citologia , DNA/genética , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez
20.
Hear Res ; 388: 107884, 2020 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995783

RESUMO

Deafness non-syndromic autosomal dominant 2 (DFNA2) is characterized by symmetric, predominantly high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss that is progressive across all frequencies. The disease is associated with variants of a potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 4 gene, KCNQ4 (Kv7.4). Here, we studied nine recently identified Kv7.4 variants in DFNA2 pedigrees, including V230E, E260K, D262V, Y270H, W275R, G287R, P291L, P291S and S680F. We proved that the variant S680F did not alter the channel function while the other eight variants resulted in function deficiencies. We further proved that the two variants E260K and P291S showed reduced cell membrane expressions while the other seven variants showed moderate cell surface expressions. Thus, trafficking deficiency is not a common mechanism underlying channel dysfunction. Next, we studied two variants, V230E and G287R, using molecular dynamics simulation. We showed that V230E stabilized Kv7.4 channel in the closed state by forming an additional hydrogen bond with a basic residue K325, while G287R distorted the selectivity filter and blocked the pore region of Kv7.4 channel. Moreover, by co-expressing wild-type (WT) and variant proteins in vitro, we demonstrated that the heterogeneous Kv7.4 channel currents were reduced compared to the WT channel currents and the reduction could be rescued by a Kv7.4 opener retigabine. Our study provided the underlying mechanisms and suggested a potential alternative therapeutic approach for DFNA2.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...