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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1589, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221296

RESUMO

Microwave optomechanical circuits have been demonstrated to be powerful tools for both exploring fundamental physics of macroscopic mechanical oscillators, as well as being promising candidates for on-chip quantum-limited microwave devices. In most experiments so far, the mechanical oscillator is either used as a passive element and its displacement is detected using the superconducting cavity, or manipulated by intracavity fields. Here, we explore the possibility to directly and parametrically manipulate the mechanical nanobeam resonator of a cavity electromechanical system, which provides additional functionality to the toolbox of microwave optomechanics. In addition to using the cavity as an interferometer to detect parametrically modulated mechanical displacement and squeezed thermomechanical motion, we demonstrate that this approach can realize a phase-sensitive parametric amplifier for intracavity microwave photons. Future perspectives of optomechanical systems with a parametrically driven mechanical oscillator include exotic bath engineering with negative effective photon temperatures, or systems with enhanced optomechanical nonlinearities.

2.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 36(1): e3208, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mitochondrial protein frataxin is involved in iron metabolism, as well as regulation of oxidative stress. To elucidate the association of frataxin with the pathophysiology of diabetes, we evaluated the mRNA levels of frataxin in leukocytes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In addition, we investigated the relation between frataxin mRNA levels, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress biomarkers. METHODS: A study including 150 subjects (115 patients with T2D and 35 healthy subjects) was performed to evaluate the frataxin mRNA levels in leukocytes. We assessed the relation between frataxin and interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), total oxidation status (TOS), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and serum iron. RESULTS: The frataxin mRNA levels in the T2D group were significantly lower than those in healthy subjects. It was also demonstrated that T2D patients with frataxin mRNA levels in the lowest quartile had significantly elevated levels of serum iron, TOS, and inflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6, while TAC levels were significantly lower in this quartile when compared with the upper quartile. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that T2D patients with low frataxin mRNA levels showed a high degree of inflammation and oxidative stress. It is speculated that frataxin deficiency in T2D patients can contribute to the imbalance in mitochondrial iron homeostasis leading to the acceleration of oxidative stress and inflammation.

3.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 6025804, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110596

RESUMO

Background: Uric acid presents different roles in an organism. High serum uric acid concentrations may induce inflammatory pathways and promote kidney damage through different mechanisms. Therefore, this study investigated the association among high serum uric acid concentrations, renal tubular damage, and renal inflammation assessed via estimation of urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) and inflammatory cytokines in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: Urinary concentrations of KIM-1, IL-1, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha, as well as other biochemical parameters, were assessed in 125 patients with T2D who were grouped into two groups based on the serum uric acid levels (<6.0 mg/dL and ≥6.0 mg/dL). Patients were also stratified according to the tertiles of serum uric acid concentrations. Results: Urinary KIM-1, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha were higher in patients with serum uric acid concentrations ≥ 6.0 mg/dL. However, the differences between the groups were not statistically significant when the urinary values of KIM-1 and cytokines were normalized by the urinary creatinine concentration. Serum uric acid concentrations were significantly associated with urinary KIM-1 (values normalized by urinary creatinine concentration) and urinary TNF-alpha (absolute values and values normalized by urinary creatinine concentration), independent of the body mass index (BMI) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Conclusions: High serum uric acid concentrations were associated with high urinary KIM-1 levels accompanied by the increase of urinary proinflammatory cytokines in patients with T2D. However, normalization of urinary markers by urine creatinine concentration seems to influence the profile of the results.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Creatinina/urina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/urina , Feminino , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/análise , Humanos , Interleucinas/urina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/urina
5.
Clin Chim Acta ; 487: 15-21, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30201372

RESUMO

Kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), a type l transmembrane glycoprotein, is recognized as a potential biomarker for detection of tubular injury in the main renal diseases. Urinary KIM-1 increases rapidly upon the tubular injury, and its levels are associated with the degree of tubular injury, interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation in the injured kidney. Currently, the investigation of kidney diseases is usually performed through the assessment of serum creatinine and urinary albumin. However, these biomarkers are limited for the early detection of changes in renal function. Besides, the tubular injury appears to precede glomerular damage in the pathophysiology of renal diseases. For these reasons, the search for sensitive, specific and non-invasive biomarkers is of interest. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review the physiological mechanisms of KIM-1, as well to present clinical evidence about the association between elevated urinary KIM-1 levels and the main renal diseases such as chronic kidney disease, diabetic kidney disease, acute kidney injury, and IgA nephropathy.


Assuntos
Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/análise , Humanos , Nefropatias/urina
7.
Clin Chim Acta ; 482: 46-49, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29577913

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is present mainly in proximal renal tubule, and urinary GGT is an indicator of tubular damage since it may show renal changes before they are identified by using conventional measurements. Therefore, it is of interest to establish the reference limits of urinary GGT for a healthy population, as well as to investigate the stability of GGT in urine samples stored at 4 °C and -20 °C. METHODS: GGT was assessed in urine samples from 127 healthy patients by use of a reference method based on the 5-Amino-2-Nitrobenzoate formation. Stability of GGT was evaluated in 10 urine samples stored at temperatures of 4 °C and -20 °C for a period up to 4 weeks. RESULTS: Urinary GGT values for healthy volunteers were 14 U/g creatinine for the lower reference limit and 79 U/g creatinine for the upper reference limit. Urinary GGT values were approximately 56% lower in samples stored at -20 °C than fresh samples, while samples stored at 4 °C presented a decrease of 11% in GGT values compared to fresh samples. CONCLUSIONS: Reference limits for urinary GGT in healthy subjects were 14 to 79 U/g creatinine, and it is recommended to measure urinary GGT in fresh specimens.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , gama-Glutamiltransferase/normas , Criopreservação/normas , Armazenamento de Medicamentos/métodos , Armazenamento de Medicamentos/normas , Estabilidade Enzimática , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Valores de Referência , Temperatura Ambiente , gama-Glutamiltransferase/metabolismo , gama-Glutamiltransferase/urina
9.
Microb Pathog ; 108: 61-65, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28487227

RESUMO

Oxidative stress has been recognized as a conjoint pathological mechanism that contributes to initiation and progression of liver injury, such as that caused by bacterial diseases. Natural antioxidants are considered a rational curative strategy to prevent and cure hepatic diseases involved with oxidative stress. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, whether treatment with bactericidal Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil (TTO) nanoparticles prevents or reduces the hepatic damage in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) experimentally infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PAO1). Liver samples from fish infected with P. aeruginosa showed increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonylation and advanced oxidation protein product (AOPP) levels, while catalase (CAT) activity was reduced compared to uninfected animals. The prophylactic treatment with nanoencapsulated TTO prevented these alterations. Based on this evidence, we concluded that P. aeruginosa infection causes hepatic damage, evidenced by increased TBARS, protein carbonylation and AOPP levels, which inhibits the antioxidant defense system, contributing to disease pathophysiology. Thus, this treatment may be considered an important approach for the prevention of hepatic oxidative damage caused by P. aeruginosa infection in fish.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Peixes-Gato/microbiologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Melaleuca/química , Oxidantes/metabolismo , Infecções por Pseudomonas/veterinária , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/patogenicidade , Óleo de Melaleuca/farmacologia , Produtos da Oxidação Avançada de Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos , Catalase/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doenças dos Peixes/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/patologia , Fígado/lesões , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Nanopartículas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Carbonilação Proteica , Infecções por Pseudomonas/microbiologia , Infecções por Pseudomonas/fisiopatologia , Óleo de Melaleuca/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo
10.
Clin Chim Acta ; 460: 178-83, 2016 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27353644

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate whether urinary levels of interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) are altered in normoalbuminuric patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and whether these cytokines are able to identify diabetic kidney disease (DKD) among these patients. METHODS: This study included 125 T2DM patients classified into 3 groups according to urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR): uACR <10mg/g creatinine, uACR 10-30mg/g creatinine and uACR >30mg/g creatinine. Urinary inflammatory cytokines were measured. RESULTS: The urinary IL-6 concentrations increased from uACR <10 (97.2±26.4pg/ml) to uACR 10-30 (113.6±28.0pg/ml) and to uACR >30mg/g creatinine (163.5±25.6pg/ml) (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively) patients. The urinary IL-10 concentrations decreased in these uACR ranges [100.0 (58.0-141.0) pg/ml vs. 62.0 (54.5-71.5) pg/ml vs. 42.0 (32.0-48.0) pg/ml] (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively). All urinary cytokines demonstrated good ability to identify DKD (areas under curves >0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary inflammatory cytokines, especially IL-6 and IL-10, may assist in the identification of DKD in T2DM patients, even in the absence of micro- and macroalbuminuria.


Assuntos
Citocinas/urina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Adulto , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/urina , Humanos , Inflamação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 42(6): 707-15, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26913817

RESUMO

AIM: The optimal treatment for pelvic organ prolapse has been the subject of much discussion. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of a combination of uterosacral colpopexy and anterior vaginal mesh implantation. METHODS: A single-center prospective cohort study was conducted. Twenty-eight patients with stage III-IV cystocele and uterine prolapse underwent reconstructive surgery. A combination of vaginal hysterectomy, McCall culdeplasty, and trocar-guided anterior vaginal mesh implantation was performed, and the patients' postoperative outcomes were analyzed. Patient satisfaction was investigated using the modified Short Form 12 version 2 (SF-12v2) questionnaire, and interviews regarding sexual behavior were conducted at 1 postoperative year. RESULTS: A bladder injury occurred during the dissection in one case (3.6%). Recurrent vaginal vault prolapse beyond the hymen was observed in one patient (cure rate: 96.4%), and further mesh augmentation was required in this case. Another patient developed mild cystocele (Ba = 0), but was simply observed because she did not complain of any symptoms caused by vaginal descent. We did not experience any other mesh-related complications, such as protrusion, chronic pain, or chronic inflammation, during the follow-up period. The patients' modified SF-12 scores at 12 months were significantly better than their preoperative scores in all eight domains. CONCLUSION: The satisfactory correction of pelvic organ prolapse was achieved using a combination of vaginal hysterectomy and uterosacral ligament colpopexy augmented by anterior vaginal mesh implantation. © 2016 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Assuntos
Histerectomia Vaginal/métodos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Idoso , Cistocele/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Colorectal Dis ; 18(8): 795-802, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26784017

RESUMO

AIM: Sessile serrated adenomas/polyps (SSA/Ps) have been proposed as precursors of colorectal cancer. The aims of this investigation were to compare the endoscopic findings of SSA/Ps with those of other serrated lesions and to compare the histological findings of SSA/Ps with those of conventional adenomas. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed colonoscopy records at our institution from 1984 to 2013 and identified cases of endoscopically or surgically resected conventional adenomas and serrated lesions, including SSA/Ps, hyperplastic polyps (HPs) and traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs). The colonoscopic findings of SSA/Ps were compared with those of the other two serrated lesions and histological findings were compared among all groups of lesions. RESULTS: There were 79 HPs in 68 patients, 77 SSA/Ps in 63 patients, 167 TSAs in 145 patients and 6324 conventional adenomas in 4129 patients. The inverted type and flat-elevated type were more frequent among SSA/Ps than among the other two types of serrated lesions. Magnifying colonoscopy revealed that a round and open pit pattern, expanded crypt openings and varicose microvascular vessels were more frequently observed among SSA/Ps than among the other types. The incidence of high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma among SSA/Ps (13.0%) was significantly higher than that among HPs (0%, P < 0.001) and equivalent to that among conventional adenomas (12.3%). CONCLUSION: SSA/Ps have colonoscopic features distinct from those of HPs and TSAs. The malignant potential of SSA/Ps seems to be equal to that of conventional adenomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenoma/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Microvasos/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/irrigação sanguínea , Adenocarcinoma/complicações , Adenoma/irrigação sanguínea , Adenoma/complicações , Idoso , Colo/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Clin Biochem ; 49(3): 232-6, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26519090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Renal dysfunction has been reported in normoalbuminuric patients, demonstrating the necessity to improve the diagnostic and prognostic tools for diabetic kidney disease (DKD) investigation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the urinary levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) are increased in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with normal or mildly increased albuminuria. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this study, 117 type 2 DM patients classified into three groups according to urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR): uACR<10mg/g creatinine, uACR 10-30mg/g creatinine and uACR>30mg/g creatinine were enrolled. Urinary concentrations of KIM-1 (uKIM-1) and NGAL (uNGAL) were measured. RESULTS: uKIM-1 levels increased progressively from uACR<10mg/g creatinine (69.0±20.8pg/ml) to uACR 10-30mg/g creatinine (106.1±41.2pg/ml) and to uACR>30mg/g creatinine (166.0±31.9pg/ml) (P<0.001). In addition, uNGAL levels increased progressively from uACR<10mg/g creatinine (29.5±8.8ng/ml) to uACR 10-30mg/g creatinine (51.7±10.9ng/ml) and to uACR>30mg/g creatinine (71.0±9.6ng/ml) (P<0.001) patients. Similarly, both uKIM-1 and uNGAL adjusted by urinary creatinine were increased in patients with uACR 10-30mg/g creatinine. Significant and positive correlations were observed between uACR, uKIM-1 and uNGAL. CONCLUSIONS: uKIM-1 and uNGAL were increased in type 2 DM patients with normal or mildly increased albuminuria, which indicates that tubular and glomerular injuries may be occurring even at the earliest stage of DKD.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/urina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/urina , Receptor Celular 1 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais/patologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminúria/urina , Biomarcadores/urina , Creatinina/urina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Testes de Função Renal , Túbulos Renais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
15.
Mutat Res ; 782: 17-22, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26520687

RESUMO

Urinary markers of nucleic acid oxidation may be useful biomarkers in diabetes. It has been demonstrated that T2DM patients have an increased level of oxidative DNA damage; however, it is unclear whether increased DNA damage may be related to a greater degree of inflammation and insulin resistance. Thus, the aim of this present study was to investigate the relation of the impact of oxidative DNA damage, assessed by urinary 8-OHdG, on the levels of inflammatory cytokines, as well as insulin resistance. In addition, we also investigated the diagnostic ability of urinary 8-OHdG in the identification of microvascular complications in T2DM.A case-control study, enrolling 22 healthy controls and 54 subjects with T2DM, was performed to evaluate the relation between oxidative DNA damage and interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1,tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), IL-10, and Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) index. T2DM patients presented higher urinary 8-OHdG, IL-6, IL-1, TNF-α levels and HOMA-IR, and lower IL-10 levels than control subjects. Moreover, urinary 8-OHdG levels were significantly higher in the group T2DM with microvascular complications when compared to the without complications. The areas under the curve for urinary 8-OHdG and urinary albumin were, respectively, 0.836 (P<0.001) and 0.786 (P=0.002). Thus, urinary 8-OHdG has a slightly higher ability to discriminate microvascular complications in T2DM compared with urinary albumin. It was also demonstrated that T2DM patients with higher median of urinary 8-OHdG had significantly elevated levels of IL-6, TNF-α and HOMA-IR, and decreased IL-10 levels. Our findings showed that T2DM patients with higher urinary 8-OHdG levels showed a greater inflammatory degree and higher insulin resistance. It is possible to speculate that T2DM patients present a cascade of events as increasing metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance and inflammatory activation, as well as increased ROS generation factors that may contribute directly to greater oxidative DNA damage.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Angiopatias Diabéticas , Resistência à Insulina , Microvasos , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Biomarcadores/urina , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/sangue , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Desoxiguanosina/urina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/genética , Angiopatias Diabéticas/imunologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/urina , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo/imunologia , Curva ROC
16.
Redox Rep ; 20(6): 267-74, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26274787

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lymphoma is one of the most common types of cancer in dogs, characterized by the proliferation of lymphoid cells. The treatment of this type of cancer is usually based on drugs with high toxicity, which can cause severe side effects. OBJECTIVES: Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the levels of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) in dogs with multicentric lymphoma before and after chemotherapy. METHODS: For this purpose, serum samples of 25 dogs diagnosed with multicentric lymphoma and 15 healthy dogs were used. The animals were exposed to CHOP chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and prednisone) and serum samples were collected 5 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: High levels of TBARS, AOPP, and FRAP were observed in sera of dogs with multicentric lymphoma when compared to healthy dogs (P < 0.01), and even higher levels (TBARS and AOPP) were found after chemotherapy i.e. treatment exacerbated the oxidative stress levels. On the other hand, FRAP levels did not differ statistically between animals with lymphoma before and after treatment (P > 0.05). Exacerbated oxidative stress was observed in dogs with multicentric lymphoma Group II (Stage IV-V: involvement of lymph nodes and organs) compared to those in Group I (Stage I-III: only affected lymph nodes) of the disease, as well as the dogs with clinical signs and T immunophenotype. Another important result was observed after chemotherapy, where FRAP levels were higher in dogs that showed complete disease remission compared to animals with progressive disease. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, dogs with lymphoma showed protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation, as well as increased total antioxidants before and after chemotherapy compared to the control group.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfoma/sangue , Linfoma/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Proliferação de Células , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Cães , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunofenotipagem , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Indução de Remissão , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
17.
Neuroscience ; 285: 204-14, 2015 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25446357

RESUMO

The central vestibular system plays an important role in higher neural functions such as self-motion perception and spatial orientation. Its ability to store head angular velocity is called velocity storage mechanism (VSM), which has been thoroughly investigated across a wide range of species. However, little is known about the mouse VSM, because the mouse lacks typical ocular responses such as optokinetic after nystagmus or a dominant time constant of vestibulo-ocular reflex for which the VSM is critical. Experiments were conducted to examine the otolith-driven eye movements related to the VSM and verify its characteristics in mice. We used a novel approach to generate a similar rotating vector as a traditional off-vertical axis rotation (OVAR) but with a larger resultant gravito-inertial force (>1g) by using counter rotation centrifugation. Similar to results previously described in other animals during OVAR, two components of eye movements were induced, i.e. a sinusoidal modulatory eye movement (modulation component) on which a unidirectional nystagmus (bias component) was superimposed. Each response is considered to derive from different mechanisms; modulations arise predominantly through linear vestibulo-ocular reflex, whereas for the bias, the VSM is responsible. Data indicate that the mouse also has a well-developed vestibular system through otoliths inputs, showing its highly conserved nature across mammalian species. On the other hand, to reach a plateau state of bias, a higher frequency rotation or a larger gravito-inertial force was considered to be necessary than other larger animals. Compared with modulation, the bias had a more variable profile, suggesting an inherent complexity of higher-order neural processes in the brain. Our data provide the basis for further study of the central vestibular system in mice, however, the underlying individual variability should be taken into consideration.


Assuntos
Nistagmo Optocinético , Reflexo Vestíbulo-Ocular , Rotação , Animais , Centrifugação , Medições dos Movimentos Oculares , Gravitação , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nistagmo Optocinético/fisiologia , Membrana dos Otólitos , Estimulação Física , Reflexo Vestíbulo-Ocular/fisiologia
18.
Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol ; 42(6): 819-21, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26753495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl D-aspartate (anti-NMDA) receptor encephalitis is often accompanied by ovarian teratoma. Early tumor resection is reported to be effective as a treatment. CASE: A 21-year-old woman presented with anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis which was accompanied by ovarian teratoma. The present case was a very rare case of an early stage of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis receiving operative treatment before confirming the presence of anti-NMDA receptor antibody. The diagnosis was established postoperatively by identifying anti-NMDA receptor antibody. CONCLUSION: In case of suspecting anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in a patient with ovarian teratoma, early operative treatment should be considered even before confirming the presence of anti-NMDA receptor antibody.


Assuntos
Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/imunologia , Teratoma/diagnóstico , Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/sangue , Encefalite Antirreceptor de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/complicações , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Teratoma/complicações , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
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