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1.
Talanta ; 206: 120179, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514881

RESUMO

In this work, the magnetic amino-functionalized microporous organic network composites (Fe3O4@MON-NH2) were rational designed and facile synthesized for magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), followed by their analysis with high-performance liquid chromatography. The incorporation of amino groups (hydrogen bonding sites) into hydrophobic MON-NH2 networks led to their good enrichment for four typical EDCs bisphenol A (BPA), 4-alpha-cumylphenol (4-α-CP), 4-tert-octylphenol (4-t-OP) and 4-nonylphenol (4-NP) relying on the pre-designed hydrogen bonding, π-π and hydrophobic interactions. The combination of MON-NH2 shell and magnetic Fe3O4 core provided a fast extraction of BPA, 4-α-CP, 4-t-OP and 4-NP from matrix solution. Under the optimal conditions, the developed method offered good linearity (R2 > 0.990) in the range of 0.05-1000 µg L-1, low limits of detection (S/N = 3) of 0.015-0.030 µg L-1 and large enrichment factors of 172-197 for the studied EDCs. The maximum adsorption capacities of BPA, 4-α-CP, 4-t-OP and 4-NP were 124.1, 105.6, 116.6 and 117.9 mg g-1, respectively. The Fe3O4@MON-NH2 gave larger selectivity for other polar phenols than non-polar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, revealing the dominant role of hydrogen bonding interaction during the extraction and the potential of Fe3O4@MON-NH2 for other polar phenols. The developed method was successfully applied for the analysis of EDCs in water, orange juice and beverage bottle samples with the recoveries of 80.3-109.5%. These results revealed the potential of functional MONs as efficient adsorbents in sample pretreatment.

2.
Talanta ; 206: 120194, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514904

RESUMO

Phthalate esters (PAEs), a category of widely used plasticizers, are tend to migrate from plastic packaging to drinks. In this paper, we develop a simple and rapid coprecipitation method for synthesis of a magnetic covalent organic framework (COF) adsorbent. The fabricated COF-(TpBD)/Fe3O4 was applied to magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) of 15 phthalate esters (PAEs) for subsequent GC-MS/MS determination in beverage samples. The as-synthesized magnetic adsorbent exhibited great potential in PAEs analysis with a limit of detection of 15 PAEs ranged from 0.005 to 2.748 µg L-1 (S/N = 3). The intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSD) value of the PAEs were less than 8.8% and 9.9%, respectively. The adsorbent can be reused after washing with methanol. The developed method was successfully applied for the determination of trace PAEs in eight beverages with recoveries ranging from 79.3% to 121.8% and RSDs were less than 11.9%. This work provides a simple magnetization process, which facilitates the application of COFs for enrichment and separation of PAEs in beverages with different matrices.

3.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1670-1677, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492329

RESUMO

A series of Ag-Co-MCM-41 with different metal loadings have been synthesized through the hydrothermal method. All the prepared catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray diffraction analysis, transmission electron microscopy. The results revealed that the structure of MCM-41 was well preserved and Ag and Co have been introduced successfully into the mesoporous channels of MCM-41. The liquid-phase catalytic oxidation of styrene on these catalysts was investigated using H2O2 as an oxidizing agent and acetone as a solvent in thermostatic water bath. The influence of metal loading, the catalyst dose, temperature, time and styrene/oxidant molar ratio on the conversion of styrene and yield and selectivity of benzaldehyde was investigated. Also, the reusability of the catalysts was evaluated.

4.
J Biol Chem ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694915

RESUMO

Renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) is a significant problem in perioperativemedicine related to oxidative programmed cell death. However, the role of ferroptosis,a newly discovered form of oxidative cell death, has not been evaluated widely.Panx1, an ATP-releasing pathway family, has anti-inflammatory effects during kidneyinjury. Here, we demonstrated that panx1 deletion protected against renal IRI byregulating ferroptotic cell death. In panx1 knockout mice subjected to renal IRI,decreased plasma creatinine, MDA contents in kidney tissue, and tubular cell death(decreased TUNEL positive renal tubular cells) were found compared to those inpanx1 wild type (wt) mice. In cultured human kidney 2 (HK-2) cells, erastin inducedferroptotic lipid peroxidation and iron accumulation were significantly attenuated bysilencing panx1 expression. Moreover, panx1 silencing significantly modulatedferroptosis related protein expression. Furthermore, Panx1 deletion induced theexpression of a cytoprotective chaperone, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), andmodulated the MAPK/ERK pathway. In this study, we first discovered that panx1deletion protects against renal IRI by attenuating MAPK/ERK activation and inducingHO-1 expression in a ferroptotic way. Our findings provide new insights tounderstand the mechanism of panx1 in ferroptotic cell death and highlight a newtherapeutic target for acute kidney injury(AKI) treatment during the perioperativeperiod.

5.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(11): 1424-1429, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673232

RESUMO

Down-regulation of Growth arrest-specific 5 (GAS5) is correlated with enhanced cell proliferation and poorer prognosis of prostate cancer. We aimed to investigate the effect of variant rs145204276 of GAS5 on the prostate cancer susceptibility and clinicopathologic characteristics. In this study, 579 prostate cancer patients who underwent robot-assisted radical prostatectomy and 579 healthy controls were included. The frequency of the allele del of rs145204276 were compared between the patients and the controls to evaluate the impact of tumor susceptibility and the correlation of clinicopathological variables. The results shown that patients who carries genotype ins/del or del/del at SNP rs145204276 showed decreased risk of pathological lymph node metastasis disease (OR=0.545, p=0.043) and risk of seminal vesicle invasion (OR=0.632, p=0.022) comparing to with genotype ins/ins. In the subgroup analysis of age, more significant risk reduction effects were noted over lymph node metastasis disease (OR=0.426, p=0.032) and lymphovascular invasion (OR=0.521, p=0.025). In conclusion, the rs145204276 polymorphic genotype of GAS5 can predict the risk of lymph node metastasis. This is the first study to report the correlation between GAS5 gene polymorphism and prostate cancer prognosis.

6.
iScience ; 21: 549-561, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715498

RESUMO

Multi-targeted kinase inhibitors, such as sorafenib, have been used in various malignancies, but their efficacy in clinical applications varies among individuals and lacks pretherapeutic prediction measures. We applied the concept of "click chemistry" to pathological staining and established a drug-loaded probe staining assay. We stained the cells and different types of pathological sections and demonstrated that the assay was reliable. We further verified in cells, cell-derived xenograft model, and clinical level that the staining intensity of the probe could reflect drug sensitivity. The stained samples from 300 patients who suffered from hepatocellular carcinoma and used the sorafenib probe also indicated that staining intensity was closely related to clinical information and could be used as an independent marker without undergoing sorafenib therapy for prognosis. This assay provided new ideas for multi-target drug clinical trials, pre-medication prediction, and pathological research.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690903

RESUMO

A catalyst-free electrochemical cross-coupling reaction of aryl halides with trialkyl phosphite has been developed. This reaction proceeds in an undivided cell with a low-cost Ni anode and a graphite cathode under mild and neutral conditions. A wide range of functional groups are well-tolerated and the phosphorylated product can be obtained on the gram scale, showing that this transformation has the potential to be a valuable method for the construction of aromatic carbon-phosphorus bonds.

8.
Doc Ophthalmol ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720980

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the accuracy of the RETeval full-field flicker ERG in the screening of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) and to determine a suitable range of DR diagnostic reference for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 172 subjects with T2DM, including 71 subjects without clinically detectable DR (NDR), 25 subjects with mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 24 subjects with moderate NPDR, 27 subjects with severe NPDR and 25 subjects with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). All the subjects underwent a full-field flicker ERG using the RETeval device (DR assessment protocol), which is a mydriasis-free, full-field electroretinogram (ERG) recording system. The performance of the DR assessment protocol in detecting the DR (including mild NPDR, moderate NPDR, severe NPDR and PDR) and VTDR was analyzed with the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: For the detection of DR (mild NPDR, moderate NPDR, severe NPDR, PDR), the area under the ROC curve was 0.867 (p < 0.001, 95% CI 0.814-0.920), and the best cutoff value for DR was determined to be 20.75, with a sensitivity of 80.2% and specificity of 81.7%. Meanwhile, for the detection of VTDR, the area under the ROC curve was 0.965 (p < 0.001, 95% CI 0.941-0.989), and the best cutoff value was set to 23.05, with a sensitivity of 94.6% and a specificity of 88.8%. CONCLUSION: The DR assessment protocol in RETeval device was effective in screening for DR (mild NPDR, moderate NPDR, severe NPDR, PDR) and VTDR in patients with diabetes. It could be helpful in referring and managing patients with T2DM in primary healthcare setting. However, caution should be taken that optimal cutoff value of DR assessment protocol may vary in different ethnic populations.

9.
Luminescence ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721399

RESUMO

Phosphors with composition Ca2 ZnMoO6 were synthesized at temperatures of 800-1200°C using the solid-state method. Analysis of X-ray diffraction patterns of the Ca2 ZnMoO6 powders did not reveal a double perovskite structure. When the synthesis temperature was equal to or higher than 800°C, the synthesized Ca2 ZnMoO6 powders revealed a tetragonal structure (CaMoO4 ) rather than an orthorhombic structure (Ca2 ZnMoO6 ) and the cubic structure (Sr2 ZnMoO6 ) of a double perovskite. The ZnO phase was still observed at a synthesis temperature of 1200°C. The compositions of synthesized Ca2 ZnMoO6 powders differed from the prepared powder, and the Ca2 ZnMoO6 phosphors exhibited some important novel features. First, synthesized Ca2 ZnMoO6 compositions could emit light as a phosphor no activators, called Ca2 ZnMoO6 phosphors. Effect of synthesis temperature on luminescence properties of these Ca2 ZnMoO6 phosphors was readily observed, and some important novel features and properties were noted. Second, the phosphors presented only one broad characteristic emission peak in the visible light region. Third, measurement of the chromaticity diagram of the Ca2 ZnMoO6 phosphors revealed a white-light source. Through analysis, we determined why the synthesized Ca2 ZnMoO6 phosphors had just one broad characteristic emission peak.

10.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(12): 751, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701250

RESUMO

Reduced graphene oxide containing Fe3O4 nanoparticles was decorated with hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HP-ß-CD) to construct a novel nanocomposite (3D-rGO/Fe3O4/HP-ß-CD). The composite was placed on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to design an electrochemical sensor for detecting simultaneously serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and ascorbic acid (AA). The interconnected porous reduced graphene oxide framework tightly anchored to the Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles warrants good electrical conductivity and efficient catalytic activity. The HP-ß-CD acts as a supramolecular host with high recognition ability for 5-HT, DA and AA. Well-separated oxidation peaks and increased peak currents were observed for 5-HT, DA, and AA individually and in mixtures by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). The following figures of merit were found for simultaneous electrochemical determination of 5-HT, DA, and AA: (a) Well separated peaks at around 0.316, 0.16 and - 0.044 V; (b) linear responses in the 0.01 - 25 µM, 0.02 - 25 µM and 10 - 350 µM; (c) detection limits of 3.3 nM, 6.7 nM and 3.3 µM (S/N = 3), and (d) recoveries of 96.9-103%, 97.3%-102% and 96.3-105% from spiked serum samples, respectively. All relative standard deviation (RSD) are less than 4%. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of simultaneous detecting serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA) and ascorbic acid (AA) for three-dimensional reduced-graphene oxide/Fe3O4/hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (3D-rGO/Fe3O4/HP-ß-CD) by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) approach.

11.
Br J Haematol ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610612

RESUMO

Significant phenotypic heterogeneity exists in patients with all subtypes of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), including essential thrombocythaemia (ET). Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-Seq) holds the promise of unravelling the biology of MPN at an unprecedented level of resolution. Herein we employed this approach to dissect the transcriptomes in the CD34+ cells from the peripheral blood of seven previously untreated ET patients and one healthy adult. The mutational profiles in these patients were as follows: JAK2 V617F in two, CALR in three (one type I and two type II) and triple-negative (TN) in two. Our results reveal substantial heterogeneity within this enrolled cohort of patients. Activation of JAK/STAT signalling was recognized in discrepant progenitor lineages among different samples. Significantly disparate molecular profiling was identified in the comparison between ET patients and the control, between patients with different driver mutations (JAK2 V617F and CALR exon 9 indel), and even between patients harbouring the same driver. Intra-individual clonal diversity was also found in the CD34+ progenitor population of a patient, possibly indicating the presence of multiple clones in this case. Estimation of subpopulation size based on cellular immunophenotyping suggested differentiation bias in all analysed samples. Furthermore, combining the transcriptomic information with data from targeted sequencing enabled us to unravel key somatic mutations that are molecularly relevant. To conclude, we demonstrated that scRNA-Seq extended our knowledge of clonal diversity and inter-individual heterogeneity in patients with ET. The obtained information could potentially leapfrog our efforts in the elucidation of the pathogenesis of the disease.

12.
Thorac Cancer ; 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 3%-5% of lung adenocarcinoma is driven by anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion oncogene, whose activity can be suppressed by multiple ALK inhibitors. Crizotinib and ceritinib have demonstrated superior efficacy to platinum-based chemotherapy as front-line treatment for patients with ALK-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the direct comparison between them in the front-line setting remains lacking. METHODS: A total of 48 patients with ALK-positive, previously untreated advanced NSCLC, who received crizotinib and ceritinib as front-line treatment were retrospectively investigated. The efficacy and pattern of disease progression were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients receiving ceritinib treatment were significantly younger than those receiving crizotinib treatment (52.0 vs. 63.0, P = 0.016). The median progression-free survival (PFS) was significantly longer with ceritinib than with crizotinib treatment (32.3 vs. 12.9 months; log-rank P = 0.020); the hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.27 (95% CI, 0.08-0.90; P = 0.033). An objective response was noted in all patients in the ceritinib group and in 23 patients in the crizotinib group (74.2%; 95% CI, 59.0 to 88.5). The rate of systemic progression was significantly lower over time with ceritinib treatment compared to crizotinib treatment (cause-specific hazard ratio, 0.21; 95% CI 0.06-0.73; P = 0.014). Serious adverse events were noted in one (2.9%) patient showing elevated liver function in the crizotinib group and three (23.1%) patients showing diarrhea in the ceritinib group. Dose reduction was needed in five out of 13 (38.5%) patients receiving ceritinib treatment. CONCLUSION: Ceritinib showed higher efficacy associated with a better control of systemic progression compared to crizotinib for the front-line treatment of ALK-positive advanced NSCLCs.

13.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573475

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: As a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease, adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) has heterogeneous clinical manifestations, response to treatment and outcome. This study tried to assess the clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and treatments of Chinese AOSD patients, and make a retrospective analysis. METHODS: We collected from 7 hospitals in China a total of 517 Chinese patients with AOSD who satisfied the Yamaguchi criteria. We retrospectively evaluated their clinical features, laboratory tests, treatments and compared them with published data from different studies. All the data in this study were from medical records and further statistic analyses. RESULTS: We evaluated a total of 517 AOSD patients, 72% female, average age of onset was 37.7; spiking fever, rash and arthralgia occurred in 472 (91.3%), 413 (79.9%), 378 (73.1%) cases, respectively. There were 439/513 (85.6%) cases with leukocytosis and 456/476 (95.8%) cases with raised serum ferritin. The highest frequently used medications and regimens for remission were glucocorticoids (498/517, 96.3%), methotrexate (273/517, 52.8%) and hydroxychloroquine (174/517, 33.7%). 84.4%. 357/423 of AOSD cases were able to achieve initial remission with different regimens, mostly including glucocorticoids, methotrexate or hydroxychloroquine. 47.2% of them (244/517) received 30

14.
EuroIntervention ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589145

RESUMO

AIMS: This study was aimed at investigating the prognostic ability of quantitative flow ratio (QFR) guided residual functional SYNTAX score (Q-rFSS) and functional incomplete revascularization (IR) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of consecutive 354 STEMI patients was included. Q-rFSS was defined as residual SYNTAX score (rSS) measured in vessels with QFR ≤0.8. At 2-year follow-up, functional IR (Q-rFSS≥1) showed significantly higher risk for major adverse cardiac events (MACE) than functional complete revascularization (CR) (Q-rFSS=0) (functional IR vs. CR, 22.0% vs. 7.4%; hazard ratio: 3.21; 95% confidence interval (Cl): 1.74 to 5.91; p<0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of Q-rFSS (0.738, 95% CI: 0.659 to 0.817) was significantly greater than that of rSS (0.648, 95% CI: 0.547 to 0.749). C-statistic for MACE increased from 0.656 (0.582 to 0.729) to 0.767 (0.705 to 0.829) after the addition of Q-rFSS to the clinical risk factors. Q-rFSS significantly improved risk classification compared with rSS (net reclassification improvement 0.439, 95% CI: 0.201 to 0.548; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Functional IR is associated with higher risk of MACE during long-term follow-up in STEMI patients undergoing PCI. Q-rFSS has a better prognostic ability for the risk of MACE.

15.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of complete revascularization (CR) on high-risk patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has remains a controversial issue, especially on patients in a critical condition. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of CR on patients with STEMI with Killip class ≥ III. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2014, 185 patients diagnosed with STEMI with Killip class ≥ III and multiple vessel coronary artery disease received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Eighty-nine patients underwent culprit-only PCI, and the remaining 96 patients underwent immediate or staged PCI for CR. Out of the 96 patients in the CR group, 51 patients underwent immediate CR, and 45 patients underwent CR during the same hospitalization. Thirty-day and 1-year clinical outcomes were compared between the culprit-only PCI group and the CR group as well as between the immediate CR group and staged CR group. RESULTS: There was a trend toward a lower incidence of post-PCI acute kidney injury in the culprit-only PCI group when compared with the CR group (14.8% vs. 26.0%; P = 0.069). Thirty-day and 1-year cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality were similar between the culprit-only PCI group and CR group. Decreased 1-year cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality were noted in the staged CR group compared with the immediate CR group. CONCLUSION: was associated a higher possibility of post-PCI acute kidney injury and did not seem to improve 30-day or 1-year clinical outcomes. Patients undergoing staged CR during the same hospitalization had better clinical outcomes.

16.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Anlotinib hydrochloride (AL3818) is a novel multitarget tyrosine kinase inhibitor which has the same targets as nintedanib, an effective drug has been approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Here, we examined whether anlotinib could also attenuate bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice and explored the antifibrosis mechanism. METHODS: We have evaluated the effect of anlotinib on bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice. Inflammatory cytokines in alveolar lavage fluid including IL-1ß, IL-4, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA. Biomarkers of oxidative stress were measured by corresponding kit. Histopathologic examination was analysed by H&E staining and immunohistochemistry. In vitro, we investigated whether anlotinib inhibited TGFß/Smad3 and non-Smad pathways by luciferase assay or Western blotting. We also evaluated whether anlotinib inhibited TGF-ß1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and promoted myofibroblast apoptosis in order to explore the possible molecular mechanism. KEY FINDINGS: The results indicated that anlotinib treatment remarkably attenuated inflammation, oxidative stress and pulmonary fibrosis in mouse lungs. Anlotinib could inhibit the TGF-ß1 signalling pathway. Additionally, anlotinib not only profoundly inhibited TGF-ß1-induced EMT in alveolar epithelial cells, but also simultaneously reduced the proliferation and promoted the apoptosis in fibroblasts. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, the results suggest that anlotinib-mediated suppression of pulmonary fibrosis is related to the inhibition of TGF-ß1 signalling pathway.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(40): e17395, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577748

RESUMO

To date, few studies have examined the end-of-life (EOL) care for patients with hematological malignancies (HMs). We evaluated the effects of palliative care on the quality of EOL care and health care costs for adult patients with HMs in the final month of life.We conducted a population-based study and analyzed data from Taiwan's Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, which contains claims information for patient medical records, health care costs, and insurance system exit dates (our proxy for death) between 2000 and 2011.A total of 724 adult patients who died of HMs were investigated. Of these patients, 43 (5.9%) had received only inpatient palliative care (i-Pal group), and 19 (2.6%) received home palliative care (h-Pal group). The mean health care costs during the final month of life were not significantly different between the non-Pal and Pal groups (p=0.315) and between the non-Pal, i-Pal, and h-Pal groups (p=0.293) either. By the multivariate regression model, the i-Pal group had lower risks of chemotherapy, ICU admission, and receipt of CPR, but higher risks of at least two hospitalizations and dying in hospital after adjustments. The h-Pal group had the similar trends as the i-Pal group but lower risk of dying in hospital after adjustments.Patients with HMs who had received palliative care could benefit from less aggressive EOL cancer care in the final month of life. However, 8.6% patients with HMs received palliative care. The related factors of more hospitalizations and dying in hospital warrant further investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Paliativos/organização & administração , Assistência Terminal/organização & administração , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Feminino , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/economia , Serviços de Assistência Domiciliar/economia , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/economia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos/economia , Cuidados Paliativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Características de Residência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Taiwan , Assistência Terminal/economia , Assistência Terminal/estatística & dados numéricos
18.
Anal Chem ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638365

RESUMO

Understanding the electrooxidation process of metal nanoparticles (NPs) is very important because they have showed wide applications in electrocatalysis, sensing, and nanoelectronics. In this letter, we designed a strategy to investigate the anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) of silver oxidation at single NP level and aggregation state by using gold single nanoelectrodes (SNEs) and ultramicroelectrodes. Results showed that the ASV peak potential and shape were significantly affected by the diameter and aggregation degree of the Ag NPs: symmetrical-peak shape, two-peak shape, and asymmetrical-peak shape appeared when Ag NPs changed from the single particle state to the large-aggregation state, and size-dependent ASVs for Ag NPs oxidation were also observed. These findings can help us deeply understand the metal NPs oxidation process and will benefit the related applications.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641900

RESUMO

Psychological resilience refers to the ability to adapt effectively in the face of adversity, which is closely related to an individual's psychological and physical health and well-being. Although previous behavioural studies have shown sex differences in psychological resilience, little is known about the neural basis of sex differences in psychological resilience. Here, we measured amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) via resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the sex-linked neurofunctional basis of psychological resilience in 231 healthy adolescents. At the behavioural level, we replicated previous findings indicating that males are more resilient than females. At the neural level, we found sex differences in the relationship between psychological resilience and ALFF in the right orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Specifically, males showed a positive correlation between psychological resilience and ALFF in the right OFC, while females showed a negative correlation in this region. The sex-specific association between psychological resilience and spontaneous brain activity might be dependent on differences in hormonal systems and brain development between male and female adolescents. Taken together, the results of our study might provide the first evidence of sex-specific neurofunctional substrates of psychological resilience in adolescents, emphasizing the vital role of sex effects in future psychological resilience-related studies.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647422

RESUMO

Generalized nucleus segmentation techniques can contribute greatly to reducing the time to develop and validate visual biomarkers for new digital pathology datasets. We summarize the results of MoNuSeg 2018 Challenge whose objective was to develop generalizable nuclei segmentation techniques in digital pathology. The challenge was an official satellite event of the MICCAI 2018 conference in which 32 teams with more than 80 participants from geographically diverse institutes participated. Contestants were given a training set with 30 images from seven organs with annotations of 21,623 individual nuclei. A test dataset with 14 images taken from seven organs, including two organs that did not appear in the training set was released without annotations. Entries were evaluated based on average aggregated Jaccard index (AJI) on the test set to prioritize accurate instance segmentation as opposed to mere semantic segmentation. More than half the teams that completed the challenge outperformed a previous baseline 1. Among the trends observed that contributed to increased accuracy were the use of color normalization as well as heavy data augmentation. Additionally, fully convolutional networks inspired by variants of U-Net 2, FCN 3, and Mask-RCNN 4 were popularly used, typically based on ResNet 5 or VGG 6 base architectures. Watershed segmentation on predicted semantic segmentation maps was a popular post-processing strategy. Several of the top techniques compared favorably to an individual human annotator and can be used with confidence for nuclear morphometrics.

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