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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33663035

RESUMO

Background: This study evaluated the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) on posttransplant clinical outcomes for deceased donor (DD) kidney transplantation (KT) using the Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) system. Methods: Overall, 657 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) receiving kidneys from 526 DDs from four transplant centers were included. We divided them into the high and low KDPI donor groups by 65%, the KDPI score, and both groups were subdivided into the AKI-DDKT and non-AKI-DDKT subgroups according to AKI in DDs. Results: There was no significant difference in the incidence of delayed graft function (DGF) between the high and low KDPI-KTR groups; however, the AKI-DDKT subgroup showed significantly higher incidence of DGF than the non-AKI-DDKT subgroup in both groups (p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). The death-censored graft survival rate was significantly lower in the high KDPI-KTR group than in the low KDPI-KTR group (p = 0.005). Only in the high KDPI-KTR group, the death-censored graft survival rate was significantly lower in the KT from DDs with AKI stage 3 than KT from DDs with non-AKI or AKI stage 1 or 2 (p = 0.040). The interaction between AKI stage 3 in DDs and high KDPI on the allograft outcome was significant (p = 0.002). Conclusion: KTs from DDs with AKI stage 3 showed an adverse impact on the allograft outcome in the high KDPI-KTR group. Therefore, DDs with a high KDPI score should be managed carefully so that severe AKI does not occur prior to KT.

2.
Transplantation ; 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33654003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus (TAC) is an immunosuppressant widely prescribed following an allogenic organ transplant. Due to wide interindividual pharmacokinetic (PK) variability, optimizing TAC dosing based on genetic factors is required to minimize nephrotoxicity and acute rejections. METHODS: We enrolled 1133 participants receiving TAC from 4 cohorts, consisting of 3 with kidney transplant recipients and 1 with healthy males from clinical trials. The effects of clinical factors were estimated to appropriately control confounding variables. A genome-wide association study (GWAS), haplotype analysis, and a gene-based association test were conducted using the Korea Biobank Array or targeted sequencing for 114 pharmacogenes. RESULTS: GWAS verified that CYP3A5*3 is the only common variant associated with TAC PK variability in Koreans. We detected several CYP3A5 and CYP3A4 rare variants which could potentially affect TAC metabolism. The haplotype structure of CYP3A5 stratified by CYP3A5*3 was a significant factor for CYP3A5 rare variant interpretation. CYP3A4 rare variant carriers among CYP3A5 intermediate metabolizers displayed higher TAC trough levels. Gene-based association tests in the 61 absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) genes revealed that CYP1A1 are associated with additional TAC PK variability: CYP1A1 rare variant carriers among CYP3A5 poor metabolizers showed lower TAC trough levels than the noncarrier controls. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that rare variant profiling of CYP3A5 and CYP3A4, combined with the haplotype structures of CYP3A locus, provide additive value for personalized TAC dosing. We also identified a novel association between CYP1A1 rare variants and TAC PK variability in the CYP3A5 nonexpressers which needs to be further investigated.Supplemental Visual Abstract; http://links.lww.com/TP/C134.

3.
Stem Cell Res ; 51: 102215, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540282

RESUMO

The human-induced pluripotent stem cell lines (hiPSCs) (CMCi009), derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a 42-year-old woman who were diagnosed as Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) caused by the frameshift deletion mutation c.1285delC in FCLN gene, was generated using synthetic mRNA. Generated hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ layers. Karyotyping of generated iPSCs showed normal 46, XY (CMCi009-A) respectively. In summary, we generated a novel patient-specific hiPSCs line containing the same mutation of FLCN gene and it can be used to provide additional insights for BHD pathophysiology.

4.
Stem Cell Res ; 51: 102214, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545641

RESUMO

Human-induced pluripotent stem cell lines (hiPSCs) derived from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a woman (CMCi007-A) and her son (CMCi006-A) diagnosed with Fabry disease (FD) caused by the frameshift deletion mutation c.969delC in the alpha-galactosidase A (GLA) gene were generated. These hiPSCs showed typical human embryonic stem cell-like morphology and expressed pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ-layers. Karyotyping showed normal 46, XY (CMCi006-A) and 46, XX (CMCi007-A). In summary, we generated novel patient-specific hiPSC lines from both a female and male containing the same mutation, which may provide additional insight into the pathophysiology of FD.

5.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430574

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), is a promising antioxidant; however, low bioavailability owing to lipid-solubility is a limiting factor. We developed water-soluble CoQ10 (CoQ10-W) and compared its effects with conventional lipid-soluble CoQ10 (CoQ10-L) in an experimental model of chronic tacrolimus (Tac) nephropathy. Methods: CoQ10-W was developed from a glycyrrhizic-carnitine mixed layer CoQ10 micelle based on acyltransferases. Chronic nephropathy was induced in rats with 28-day Tac treatment; they were concomitantly treated with CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W. CoQ10 level in plasma and kidney were measured using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. CoQ10-W and CoQ10-L effects on Tac-induced nephropathy were assessed in terms of renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, and apoptotic cell death. Their effects on cell viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were assessed in cultured proximal tubular cells, human kidney 2 (HK-2) cells. Results: The plasma CoQ10 level was significantly higher in the CoQ10-W group than in the CoQ10-L group. Tac treatment caused renal dysfunction, typical pathologic lesions, and oxidative stress markers. Serum creatinine was restored in the Tac + CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W groups compared with that in the Tac group. CoQ10-W administration reduced oxidative stress and apoptosis markers. Mitochondrial ultrastructure assessment revealed that the addition of CoQ10-L or CoQ10-W with Tac increased mitochondrial size and number than Tac treatment alone. In vitro investigations revealed that both CoQ10-L and CoQ10-W improved cell viability and reduced ROS production in the Tac-induced HK-2 cell injury. Conclusions: CoQ10-W has a better therapeutic effect in Tac-induced renal injury than conventional CoQ10-L, possibly associated with improved CoQ10 bioavailability.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(2)2021 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467096

RESUMO

B cell activating factor (BAFF) is a cytokine that plays a role in the survival, proliferation and differentiation of B cells. We proposed to observe the effects of BAFF inhibition on the humoral immune responses of an allosensitized mouse model using HLA.A2 transgenic mice. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice were sensitized with skin allografts from C57BL/6-Tg (HLA-A2.1)1Enge/J mice and were treated with anti-BAFF monoclonal antibody (mAb) (named Sandy-2) or control IgG1 antibody. HLA.A2-specific IgG was reduced in BAFF-inhibited mice compared to the control group (Δ-13.62 vs. Δ27.07, p < 0.05). BAFF inhibition also resulted in increased pre-pro and immature B cell proportions and decreased mature B cells in the bone marrow (p < 0.05 vs. control). In the spleen, an increase in transitional B cells was observed with a significant decrease in marginal and follicular B cells (p < 0.05 vs. control). There was no significant difference in the proportions of long-lived plasma and memory B cells. Microarray analysis showed that 19 gene probes were significantly up- (>2-fold, p < 0.05) or down-regulated (≤2-fold, p < 0.05) in the BAFF-inhibited group. BAFF inhibition successfully reduced alloimmune responses through the reduction in alloantibody production and suppression of B cell differentiation and maturation. Our data suggest that BAFF suppression may serve as a useful target in desensitization therapy.

7.
Ann Transplant ; 26: e927984, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479188

RESUMO

BACKGROUND This randomized controlled trial aimed to investigate the effect of everolimus (EVL) with low-dose tacrolimus (Tac) on the development of post-transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in kidney transplantation (KT). MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventy-seven kidney transplant patients from 4 transplant centers were included. Patients were randomized to the "EVL group" (n=38) and the "TAC group" (n=39). The target Tac trough level was 2 to 5 ng/mL in the EVL group and 5 to 10 ng/mL in the TAC group. RESULTS The 1-year cumulative incidence of PTDM in all patients was 7.8%, and no difference was found between the 2 groups (P=0.0819). Insulin resistance measured with the homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance showed a significant increase only in the TAC group (1.11 to 1.30, P=0.0492). Allograft rejection rate and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) follow-ups every 3 months were not significantly different between the 2 groups. However, the EVL group showed a significant increase in the mean eGFR at 9 months and 12 months after KT compared to the baseline value (P=0.0242 and 0.0491, respectively). The EVL group showed lower insulin resistance and higher allograft function in comparison to the TAC group. CONCLUSIONS EVL-based immunosuppressive therapy with lower Tac exposure could be a safer alternative for maintenance treatment.

8.
Stem Cell Res ; 49: 102110, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370877

RESUMO

We established a human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSC) line (CMCi002-A) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 29-year-old male with Gitelman's syndrome (GIT) caused by the mutation of solute carrier family 12 member 3 (SLC12A3) gene using Sendai virus. The GIT-hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, exhibited normal karyotype and were capable of differentiating into cells representative of three germ layers.

9.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e925648, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Heart transplantation (HT) is the most useful treatment modality for heart failure. Although several studies have reported the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI) on clinical outcomes after transplantation, little is known about the impact of peri-transplant renal replacement therapy (RRT) on clinical outcomes. We compared the clinical outcomes according to RRT use status among patients with AKI during the peri-transplant period. MATERIAL AND METHODS The medical records of 21 patients who underwent HT from January 2006 to May 2019 were reviewed. We assessed the heart failure cause, comorbidities, immunosuppressant type, requirement for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, AKI incidence, and cardiac and renal functions over time. The patients were divided into 3 groups: those without AKI (non-AKI group, n=6), those who underwent perioperative RRT (RRT group, n=10), and those who did not undergo RRT (non-RRT group, n=5). RESULTS The most common cause of HT was dilated cardiomyopathy (52.4%). Fifteen patients (71.4%) experienced AKI during the peri-transplant period. Among them, 9 (90%) in the RRT group underwent continuous RRT and only 1 (10%) underwent intermittent hemodialysis. Until 6 months after HT, the renal function of the RRT group was worse than that of the non-RRT group (estimated glomerular filtration rate 44.2 vs. 69.2 mL/min/1.73 m2, P=0.015), but the differences dissipated by 9 months. Finally, all patients, even in the RRT group, withdrew from dialysis. CONCLUSIONS RRT during the peri-transplant period in HT may be a good bridge therapy for renal function recovery in patients with cardiorenal AKI.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184240

RESUMO

Background: Infection is the second leading cause of death in patients undergoing long-term dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is associated with an increased risk of infection-related hospitalization (IRH) when compared with hemodialysis. In this study, we investigated the influence of IRH on clinical outcomes in incident PD patients. Methods: In total, 583 incident PD patients were selected from the Clinical Research Center Registry for End-Stage Renal Disease, a nationwide multicenter prospective observational cohort study in Korea. Incident PD patients who had been hospitalized for infection-related diseases were defined as the IRH group. The primary outcome was allcause mortality and the secondary outcome was technical failure. The median follow-up period was 29 months. Results: Seventy-three PD patients (12.5%) were categorized in the IRH group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus was a significant independent predictor for IRH (odds ratio, 2.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12 to 5.29; P = 0.007). The most common causes of IRH were peritonitis (63.0%) and respiratory tract infection (9.6%). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard model analysis showed that IRH was a significant independent risk factor for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 2.51; 95% CI, 1.12 to 5.62; P = 0.026) and for the technical failure of PD (HR, 3.23; 95% CI, 1.90 to 5.51; P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our data showed that after initiation of PD, IRH was significantly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality and technical failure.

11.
Immunol Lett ; 228: 112-121, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137380

RESUMO

Disease-modifying osteoarthritis (OA) therapy is not yet available. Several adjuvant therapies have demonstrated promising results in the treatment of OA. The present study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms of a combination of Lactobacillus acidophilus, vitamin B, and curcumin in the treatment of OA. Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced arthritis of the knee joint in rat was used as an animal model of human OA. The combination of L. acidophilus LA-1, vitamin B, and curcumin or a saline solution was given orally. Pain was measured according to the paw withdrawal latency, and paw withdrawal threshold. Cartilage destruction was analyzed using histomorphological techniques and the Mankin scoring system. Protein expression in the joint was examined using immunohistochemistry. The effects of the combination of L. acidophilus LA-1, vitamin B, and curcumin on mRNA levels in chondrocytes stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1ß were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The combination of L. acidophilus, vitamin B, and curcumin effectively downregulated Th17 cells and the related cytokine IL-17, thereby maintained the Treg population, and increased the expression of the Treg-related cytokine IL-10 in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The OA animal model exhibited reduced pain and preservation of cartilage in response to the combination treatment. The expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the catabolic, matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), were decreased, whereas the expression of the anabolic tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) were upregulated in response to the drug combination. The combination of L. acidophilus, vitamin B, and curcumin was beneficial in OA treatment, controlling the inflammatory response via regulation of the Th17/Treg population and reducing the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The combination treatment also preserved cartilage, suppressed osteoclastogenesis, and regulated the anabolic/catabolic imbalance. These findings indicate the therapeutic potential of combination use of L. acidophilus, vitamin B, and curcumin in patients with OA.

12.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878271

RESUMO

Several studies reported the effect of obesity on the progression of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, the impact of obesity on the clinicopathologic presentation of IgAN remains uncertain. This is a retrospective cross-sectional study from eight university hospitals in South Korea. Patients were categorized into three groups using the Asia-Pacific obesity classification based on body mass index (BMI). Clinical and histopathologic data at the time of renal biopsy were analyzed. Among 537 patients with IgAN, the obese group was more hypertensive and had lower estimated glomerular filtration rate and more proteinuria than other groups. The histologic scores for mesangial matrix expansion (MME), interstitial fibrosis, tubular atrophy, and mesangial C3 deposition differed significantly between the three groups. Among these histopathologic parameters, BMI was independently positively associated with MME score on multivariable linear regression analysis (p = 0.028). Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, the obese group was independently associated with higher MME scores compared to the normal weight/overweight group (p = 0.020). However, BMI was not independently associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate or proteinuria on multivariable analysis. Obesity was independently associated with severe MME in patients with IgAN. Obesity may play an important pathogenetic role in mesangial lesions seen in IgAN.

13.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972120

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Tacrolimus has been used as an immunosuppressive agent in organ transplantation. Despite the therapeutic benefits, tacrolimus's use is limited due to its nephrotoxicity. To reduce tacrolimus nephrotoxicity, effective humanized experimental models may be helpful. Here, we modeled tacrolimus nephrotoxicity using kidney organoids derived from human inducible pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in vitro. Methods: Kidney organoid differentiated from the CMC11 iPSC cell line. Kidney organoids were re-seeded in 96-well plates and tacrolimus was treated at doses of 0 µM, 30 µM, or 60 µM for 24 hours. We compared this in vitro model with mouse model of tacrolimus nephrotoxicity and investigated the mechanisms. Results: The size of kidney organoids and cell viability decreased at dose-dependent manner after treatment of tacrolimus. The number of tubular cells decreased with loss of polarity, similar to those of mouse tacrolimus nephrotoxicity. Ultrastructural analyses showed numerous vacuoles in proximal tubular cells in kidney organoids treated with tacrolimus. Tacrolimus treatment induced oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction and autophagic activity was enhanced in kidney organoids. Rapamycin, as an autophagy inducer, accelerated cell death in the kidney organoids model of tacrolimus nephrotoxicity, which were attenuated by treatment of 3-methyladenine, as an autophagy inhibitor. These findings indicate that augmentation of autophagy by treatment of rapamycin accelerated tacrolimus nephrotoxicity. Conclusions: Our data suggest that human kidney organoids are an effective in vitro model of tacrolimus nephrotoxicity and autophagy plays a critical role in tacrolimus nephrotoxicity.

14.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942841

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Accumulating evidence indicates that L-carnitine (LC) protects against multiorgan damage through its antioxidant properties and preservation of the mitochondria. Little information is available about the effects of LC on renal fibrosis. This study examined whether LC treatment would provide renoprotection in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) and in vitro. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats that underwent UUO were treated daily with LC for 7 or 14 days. The influence of LC on renal injury caused by UUO was evaluated by histopathology, and analysis of gene expression, oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, programmed cell death, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/ AKT/forkhead box protein O 1a (FoxO1a) signaling. In addition, H2O2-exposed human kidney cells (HK-2) were treated with LC. Results: LC treatment inhibited expression of proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines, and was followed by a significant attenuation of tubulointerstitial inflammation and fibrosis. The increased oxidative stress caused by UUO was associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive apoptosis and autophagy via PI3K/AKT/FoxO1a-dependent signaling, and this was abrogated by administration of LC. In H2O2-exposed HK-2 cells, LC decreased intracellular production of reactive oxygen species, and suppressed expression of profibrotic cytokines and reduced the number of apoptotic cells. Conclusions: LC protects against the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis in an obstructed kidney.

15.
Electrolyte Blood Press ; 18(1): 19-22, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32655653

RESUMO

Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disease that presents with exocrine gland dysfunction. Renal involvement is common in SS and often results in tubulointerstitial nephritis, renal tubular acidosis, and Fanconi's syndrome. Electrolyte imbalances are commonly the first symptom of renal involvement of SS. The most common feature of dysnatremia in SS is hypernatremia with diabetes insipidus. However, cases of hyponatremia with syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) are rarely reported in patients with SS. Herein, we report a case of recurrent severe SIADH in a patient with SS.

16.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 251, 2020 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The occurrences of hyperuricemia and acute kidney injury after antithymocyte globulin treatment are unusual in kidney transplant recipients. Here, we report a unique case of acute kidney injury with extreme hyperuricemia after antithymocyte globulin treatment in a kidney transplant recipient with underlying aplastic anemia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old woman with aplastic anemia who received a kidney transplant 5 years 6 months before presented to our emergency department with complaints of oliguria, generalized edema, and general weakness 6 days after receiving antithymocyte globulin treatment for acute T-cell-mediated rejection. Urinalysis revealed 100 uric acid crystal particles. The blood chemistry test results showed rapid increases in serum creatinine (from 2.86 mg/dL to 5.58 mg/dL) and uric acid levels (from 10.2 mg/dL to 32.7 mg/dL), which suggested acute uric acid nephropathy. Tumor lysis syndrome was suspected to be the cause of the acute uric acid nephropathy; hence, the patient was reevaluated for aplastic anemia. Human leukocyte antigen-DR15 was positive, and flow cytometry revealed a low percentage of glycophosphatidyl inositol-deficient granulocytes (2.9%), which suggested paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clones. These findings indicate that the previously diagnosed aplastic anemia had either originally been hypocellular myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or later transformed into hypocellular MDS, which is a type of bone marrow failure syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians should consider unexpected tumor lysis syndrome to be the cause of complications after antithymocyte globulin treatment in kidney transplant recipients with underlying bone marrow failure syndrome.

17.
Korean J Intern Med ; 2020 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623875

RESUMO

Background/Aims: We investigated whether serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can predict mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Methods: This study enrolled 169 patients who underwent serum NGAL testing at CRRT initiation from June 2017 to January 2019. The predictive power of serum NGAL level for 28-day mortality was compared to the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score via area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AuROC) value. Results: There were 55 survivors and 114 non-survivors at 28 days post-CRRT initiation. Median serum NGAL level was significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (743.0 ng/mL vs. 504.0 ng/mL, p = 0.003). The AuROC value of serum NGAL level was 0.640, which was lower than APACHEII score and SOFA score values (0.767 and 0.715, respectively). However, in the low APACHE-II score group (< 27.5), AuROC value of serum NGAL was significantly increased (0.698), and it was an independent risk factor for 28 day-mortality (hazard ratio, 2.405; 95% confidence interval, 1.209 to 4.783; p = 0.012). Conclusions: In patients with AKI requiring CRRT, serum NGAL levels may be useful for predicting short-term mortality in those with low APACHE-II scores.

18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234323, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530943

RESUMO

We investigated the phenotype and molecular signatures of CD8+ T cell subsets in kidney-transplant recipients (KTRs) with biopsy-proven T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR). We included 121 KTRs and divided them into three groups according to the pathologic or clinical diagnosis: Normal biopsy control (NC)(n = 32), TCMR (n = 50), and long-term graft survival (LTGS)(n = 39). We used flowcytometry and microarray to analyze the phenotype and molecular signatures of CD8+ T cell subsets using peripheral blood from those patients and analyzed significant gene expressions according to CD8+ T cell subsets. We investigated whether the analysis of CD8+ T cell subsets is useful for predicting the development of TCMR. CCR7+CD8+ T cells significantly decreased, but CD28nullCD57+CD8+ T cells and CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T cells showed an increase in the TCMR group compared to other groups (p<0.05 for each); hence CCR7+CD8+ T cells showed significant negative correlations to both effector CD8+ T cells. We identified genes significantly associated with the change of CCR7+CD8+ T, CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T, and CD28nullCD57+CD8+ T cells in an ex vivo study and found that most of them were included in the significant genes on in vitro CCR7+CD8+ T cells. Finally, the decrease of CCR7+CD8+ T cells relative to CD28nullCD57+ T or CCR7-CD45RA+CD8+ T cells can predict TCMR significantly in the whole clinical cohort. In conclusion, phenotype and molecular signature of CD8+ T subsets showed a significant relationship to the development of TCMR; hence monitoring of CD8+ T cell subsets may be a useful for predicting TCMR in KTRs.


Assuntos
Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Antígenos CD28/genética , Antígenos CD28/imunologia , Antígenos CD57/genética , Antígenos CD57/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/classificação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/genética , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Fenótipo , Receptores CCR7/genética , Receptores CCR7/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/classificação
19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555441

RESUMO

Reducing immunosuppressant-related complications using conventional drugs is an efficient therapeutic strategy. L-carnitine (LC) has been shown to protect against various types of renal injury. In this study, we investigated the renoprotective effects of LC in a rat model of chronic tacrolimus (TAC) nephropathy. SD rats were injected with TAC (1.5 mg · kg-1 · d-1, sc) for 4 weeks. Renoprotective effects of LC were assessed in terms of renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, expression of inflammatory and fibrotic cytokines, programmed cell death (pyroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy), mitochondrial function, and PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling. Chronic TAC nephropathy was characterized by severe renal dysfunction and typical histological features of chronic nephropathy. At a molecular level, TAC markedly increased the expression of inflammatory and fibrotic cytokines in the kidney, induced oxidative stress, and led to mitochondrial dysfunction and programmed cell death through activation of PI3K/AKT and inhibition of PTEN. Coadministration of LC (200 mg · kg-1 · d-1, ip) caused a prominent improvement in renal function and ameliorated histological changes of kidneys in TAC-treated rats. Furthermore, LC exerted anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, prevented mitochondrial dysfunction, and modulated the expression of a series of apoptosis- and autophagy-controlling genes to promote cell survival. Human kidney proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2 cells) were treated with TAC (50 µg/mL) in vitro, which induced production of intracellular reactive oxygen species and expression of an array of genes controlling programmed cell death (pyroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy) through interfering with PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling. The harmful responses of HK-2 cells to TAC were significantly attenuated by cotreatment with LC and the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (25 µM). In conclusion, LC treatment protects against chronic TAC nephropathy through interfering the PI3K/AKT/PTEN signaling.

20.
Stem Cell Res ; 46: 101876, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563974

RESUMO

The human-induced pluripotent stem cell (KIN-hiPSCs) line (CMCi001-A), derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a 42-year-old woman with karyomegalic interstitial nephritis (KIN) caused by the mutation of FANCD2/FANCI-Associated Nuclease 1 (FAN1) gene, was generated using Sendai virus. KIN-hiPSCs showed a typical human embryonic stem cell like morphology and expressed all pluripotency-associated markers, and directly differentiated into all three germ layers. Karyotyping of PBMCs of the patient and KIN-hiPSCs showed 47, XXX. In summary, we generated a novel patient-specific hiPSC line containing the mutation of FAN1 gene and it can be used to provide additional insights for KIN pathophysiology.

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