Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.095
Filtrar
1.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2043: 265-273, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463919

RESUMO

Cell surface proteolysis controls numerous biological processes including cell-cell attachment and the communication between cells. The membrane-tethered families of matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) and disintegrin metalloproteinases (ADAMs) are major enzymes involved in the cleavage of molecules at the cell surface, and their activity is finely regulated by their endogenous inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). The biological function of a metalloproteinase closely depends on the subset of substrates that it cleaves. Similarly, molecular processes that are regulated by a specific TIMP strictly depend on its unique inhibitory profile.Herein, we describe a mass spectrometry-based method for the quantitative analysis of protein abundance in conditioned media of cultured cells that is particularly suited for substrate identification of membrane-tethered metalloproteinases and for the identification of membrane proteins whose cleavage is regulated by TIMPs. This unbiased proteomic method represents a valuable tool to investigate biological functions of metalloproteinases and TIMPs at the "omic" level.

2.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 512-516, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484614

RESUMO

To study the clinicopathologic characteristics,immunohistochemical features,differential diagnosis,and prognosis of solitary fibrous tumours(SFT)/hemangiopericytomas(HPC)in the maters(meninx). Methods A series of 7 cases previously diagnosed as SFT/HPC at the Department of Pathology,Peking Union Medical College Hospital,during the period from 2008 to 2018 were analyzed for clinical data,histopathology,and immunohistochemical findings.The patients were followed up and the relevant literatures were reviewed. Results These seven patients included two males and 5 females aged 22 to 77 years(mean,49 years).Headache was the most common symptom.The magnetic resonance imaging of SFT/HPC showed irregularly contoured masses and dural tail sign was observed at the periphery of the lesion in 4 cases.The major axis of the tumor ranged from 1.8 cm to 10 cm(mean,4 cm).The tumors were located in the mater in 6 cases and in the spinal meninx in 1 case.The tumors were surgically removed in all cases.Under light microscope,the tumors were formed by long round,oval or spindle cells,with rich branching vascular pattern and varying quantity of collagenous fibers bands in both sparse areas and dense areas.According the WHO classification,2 cases were in WHO grade Ⅰ,2 cases in WHO grade Ⅱ,and 3 cases in WHO grade Ⅲ.Immunohistochemistry of the paraffin-embedded tissues in all cases showed positive immunoreativity for CD34 and vimentin in all seven cases,along with positive signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 in 4 cases,negative epithelial membrane antigen and S-100 in 7 cases,and negative progestational hormone and somatostatin receptor 2 in 6 cases.The Ki-67 index ranged from 1% to 15%.Five patients with follow-up data(including 1 current case)were alive,while 2 patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions The SFT/HPC are rare in the maters(meninx)and is clinically difficult to be differentiated from other meningioma.The combination of CD34 and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 helps to diagnose this disease.

3.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152600, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477326

RESUMO

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), a class of skin tumor derived from epidermal keratinocyte, is reputed as one of the most malignant tumors globally. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly identified as essential players in CSCC. Current study aimed to uncover the impact and mechanism of miR-1193 in CSCC. We identified the low expression of miR-1193 in CSCC cell lines. Gain- and loss-of-function assays showed that miR-1193 acted as an inhibitor of proliferation and migration in CSCC cells. Furthermore, we illustrated that miR-1193 targeted and inhibited SRY-box 4 (SOX4), and that long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 963 (LINC00963) sponged miR-1193 to upregulate SOX4 expression. Rescue assays showed that LINC00963 regulated CSCC progression through miR-1193/SOX4 axis. In conclusion, our study firstly revealed the LINC00963/miR-1193/SOX4 axis in CSCC, indicating miR-1193 as a promising biological target in CSCC progression.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479578

RESUMO

Thionitrous acid (HSNO), the smallest S-nitrosothiol, is emerging as a potential key intermediate in cellular redox regulation linking two signaling molecules H 2 S and NO. However, the chemical biology of HSNO remains poorly understood. A major hurdle is the lack of methods for selective detection of HSNO in biological systems. Here we report the rational design, synthesis, and evaluation of the first fluorescent probe TAP-1 for HSNO detection. TAP-1 showed high selectivity and sensitivity to HSNO in aqueous media and cells, providing a useful tool for understanding the functions of HSNO in biology.

5.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 112019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498116

RESUMO

The prevalence rates of heart failure (HF) are greater than 10% in individuals aged >75 years, indicating an intrinsic link between aging and HF. It has been recognized that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathology of HF. Mitokines are a type of cytokines, peptides, or signaling pathways produced or activated by the nucleus or the mitochondria through cell non-autonomous responses during cellular stress. In addition to promoting the communication between the mitochondria and the nucleus, mitokines also exert a systemic regulatory effect by circulating to distant tissues. It is noteworthy that increasing evidence has demonstrated that mitokines are capable of reducing the metabolic-related HF risk factors and are associated with HF severity. Consequently, mitokines might represent a potential therapy target for HF.

6.
Int J Neurosci ; : 1-16, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487217

RESUMO

Objectives. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the analgesic efficacy of duloxetine (DLX) for fibromyalgia (FM) and find which dosage between 60mg/d DLX and 120mg/d DLX was more suitable for clinical application. Methods. A systematic search through multiple databases (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ProQuest, Pubmed) was conducted from 2000 until March 7, 2019. All steps were performed by two or more independent reviewers. A meta-analysis was performed to report the effects of DLX on pain reduction and its accompanied adverse events. Results. This meta-analysis, including 7 studies with totaling 2642 FM patients, demonstrated that DLX could produce greater pain relief in FM than placebo (standardized mean difference (SMD) -0.26; 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.37 to -0.16). The Risk Ratio (RR) of at least 30% pain relief was 1.31(95%CI 1.19 to 1.44); The RR of at least 50% pain relief was 1.46 (95% CI 1.28 to 1.67). However, the adverse events were more common in patients with DLX than the ones with placebo (RR 1.17, 95%CI 1.12 to 1.23). The subgroup analyses of withdrawal effects demonstrated that 120mg/d DLX had a higher incidence (RR 0.96, 95% CI 0.80 to 1.15) than 60mg/d DLX (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.93). Conclusions. In general, DLX was a great choice for pain relief in FM. Moreover, 60mg/d DLX produced less withdrawal effects than 120mg/d DLX. Highlight Fibromyalgia(FM) is a chronic condition of unknown etiology, characterized by widespread pain and often associated with other symptoms. Duloxetine (DLX), a serotonin-norepinephrine (noradrenaline) reuptake inhibitor(SNRI), is used to treat FM in many countries. DLX can produce greater pain relief in FM than placebo. DLX can bring about more adverse events than placebo. 60mg/d DLX produce less withdrawal than 120mg/d DLX for FM patients.

7.
Arch Toxicol ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506784

RESUMO

As one of the isoprenoids and widely derived from many fruits and vegetables, ß-ionone (BI) has a potent inhibitory proliferation of cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. However, its exact mechanism is still uncompleted understood and needs to be further verified. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), as a potential target of cancer chemoprevention, has been played pivotal roles in proliferation of tumor cells and carcinogenesis. Thus, the objective of present study was to determine that BI inhibited the activity of COX-2 in breast cancer and related to cancer cell models. Cell proliferation, DNA synthesis, the distribution of cell cycle, apoptosis induction and the expression of P38-MAPK protein were determined in MCF-7 cells by methylene blue, 3H-thymidine (TdR) incorporation, flow cytometry, TUNEL and Western blotting assays. Quinone reductase (QR) activity was determined in murine hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The expression of COX-2 in a phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-induced cell model and mammary tumor tissues was examined by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The results showed that BI significantly inhibited cell proliferation and DNA synthesis, arrested the distribution of cell cycle at the S phase or decreased proteins related to cell cycle such as cyclin D1 and CDK4, induced apoptosis and increased the expression of p-P38 in MCF-7 cells. BI at low doses (< 50 µmol/L) significantly increased QR activity, decreased the expression of COX-2 protein and prostaglandin E2 (PEG2) release in cell models. In addition, BI also significantly decreased the expression of COX-2 protein in rat mammary tumor tissues. Therefore, our findings indicate that BI possesses inhibitory proliferation of breast cancer cells through down-regulation of COX-2 activity.

8.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4908-4922, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499696

RESUMO

Steganography poses a serious challenge to forensics because investigators cannot identify even traces of secret messages embedded using a steganographer. Contrarily, the objective of locating steganalysis is to locate the embedded message, which should help extract the secret message. In this paper, a methodology of locating steganalysis using quantitative steganalysis is presented for multiple stego images with embedded messages along the same embedding path. Three typical quantitative steganalysis methods are applied to the methodology to locate the messages embedded using LSB re-placement. Experimental results show that the presented methods can reliably estimate the embedding positions, which verifies the validity of the presented methodology. The presented methodology points out a new use of quantitative steganalysis, and further demonstrates that it is necessary to design more precise quantitative steganalysis methods.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502856

RESUMO

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of laser acupuncture (LA) treatment with that of placebo LA treatment in patients with idiopathic, mild-to-moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), as measured by subjective symptom assessments and objective changes in nerve conduction studies (NCSs). Design: A randomized, single-blinded, controlled study. Settings: A Teaching Hospital in the Taichung, Taiwan between March 2013 and November 2013. Subjects: 84 consecutive treatment-naive patients with CTS. Interventions: Participants were randomly divided into two treatment arms: (1) LA, administered at traditional Chinese acu-points on the affected side, once a day, 5 times a week, for 4 weeks (N = 43); and (2) placebo LA, administered using the same device and protocol, with the LA device switched off (N = 41). Outcome measures: Patients completed the Global symptom score (GSS) at baseline and two and four weeks later. The primary outcome was changes in GSS. NCSs were performed at baseline and repeated at the end of the study as a secondary outcome. Results: There was a significantly greater reduction in GSS in the LA group than in the placebo group at week 2 (-9.30 ± 4.94 vs. -2.29 ± 4.27, respectively, P < 0.01) and at week 4 (-10.67 ± 5.98 vs. -2.90 ± 5.61, respectively, P < 0.01). However, NCSs did not show significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: LA may be more effective than placebo LA in the treatment of mild-to-moderate idiopathic CTS in terms of subjective measurement. For patients who fear needle-based treatment, such as acupuncture or local injections, or those who do not opt for early surgical decompression, LA treatment can be considered as an effective and alternative form of acu-points stimulation therapy.

10.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 185, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 36 (IL-36) cytokines belong to the IL-1 family and play an important role in some autoimmune diseases. However, the relationship between IL-36 and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) remains unclear. METHODS: We determined serum IL-36α, IL-36ß and IL-36γ levels and assessed correlations with clinical characteristics in 50 NMOSD patients and 30 healthy controls (HC). RESULTS: The concentrations of serum IL-36ß and IL-36γ were significantly higher in patients with NMOSD than in HCs and decreased during remission. Serum IL-36ß levels were positively correlated with the annual relapse rate (ARR), spinal cord lesion length and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores. CONCLUSIONS: Serum IL-36ß and IL-36γ levels were related to disease activity in NMOSD patients and may be important biomarkers of NMOSD.

11.
PLoS One ; 14(8): e0220328, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412062

RESUMO

Patient-specific in vivo ventricle mechanical wall stress and strain conditions are important for cardiovascular investigations and should be calculated from correct zero-load ventricle morphologies. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data were obtained from 6 healthy volunteers and 12 Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) patients with consent obtained. 3D patient-specific CMR-based ventricle models with different zero-load diastole and systole geometries due to myocardium contraction and relaxation were constructed to qualify right ventricle (RV) diastole and systole stress and strain values at begin-filling, end-filling, begin-ejection, and end-ejection, respectively. Our new models (called 2G models) can provide end-diastole and end-systole stress/strain values which models with one zero-load geometries (called 1G models) could not provide. 2G mean end-ejection stress value from the 18 participants was 321.4% higher than that from 1G models (p = 0.0002). 2G mean strain values was 230% higher than that of 1G models (p = 0.0002). TOF group (TG) end-ejection mean stress value was 105.4% higher than that of healthy group (HG) (17.54±7.42kPa vs. 8.54±0.92kPa, p = 0.0245). Worse outcome group (WG, n = 6) post pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) begin-ejection mean stress was 57.4% higher than that of better outcome group (BG, 86.94±26.29 vs. 52.93±22.86 kPa; p = 0.041). Among 7 selected parameters, End-filling stress was the best predictor to differentiate BG patients from WG patients with prediction accuracy = 0.8208 and area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) value at 0.8135 (EE stress). Large scale studies are needed to further validate our findings.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3470, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375672

RESUMO

As the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction serves as a crucial industrial process, strategies for developing robust WGS catalysts are highly desiderated. Here we report the construction of stabilized bulk-nano interfaces to fabricate highly efficient copper-ceria catalyst for the WGS reaction. With an in-situ structural transformation, small CeO2 nanoparticles (2-3 nm) are stabilized on bulk Cu to form abundant CeO2-Cu interfaces, which maintain well-dispersed under reaction conditions. This inverse CeO2/Cu catalyst shows excellent WGS performances, of which the activity is 5 times higher than other reported Cu catalysts. Long-term stability is also very solid under harsh conditions. Mechanistic study illustrates that for the inverse CeO2/Cu catalyst, superb capability of H2O dissociation and CO oxidation facilitates WGS process via the combination of associative and redox mechanisms. This work paves a way to fabricate robust catalysts by combining the advantages of bulk and nano-sized catalysts. Catalysts with such inverse configurations show great potential in practical WGS applications.

13.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452277

RESUMO

MiRNAs were involved in the various biological process through mediating the posttranscriptional gene silencing. The abnormal expression of miRNAs is also involved in various disorders. Our previous study showed that miRNA-27a (miR-27a) was upregulated after ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation. However, the function of miR-27a in UVB-induced cell damage is still unclear. In this study, we used the miR-27a overexpression and knockdown lentivirus to transfect UVB irradiated HaCaT cell line and observed the influence of miR-27a on UVB irradiated damages in cells. We found that miR-27a removed cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and decreased the cell apoptosis after UVB radiation. Further studies showed that miR-27a directly decreased the expression and luciferase activity of target genes transactive response DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) and apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (APAF-1). In conclusion, miR-27a can inhibit CPDs, reduce the cell apoptosis and down-regulate its target genes TARDBP and APAF-1 induced by UVB irradiation in HaCaT cells. It is indicated that miR-27a may serve as a target for UVB irradiation protection.

14.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; : 1-7, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438783

RESUMO

Among the air pollutants, particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 um (PM2.5) is of particular interest to environmental medicine as epidemiologic studies consistently reported that long-term exposure to PM2.5 is associated with increased risk of premature death in adults. Life expectancy is a well-documented and important measure of overall public health policy. However, few investigators examined the relationship between PM2.5 levels and adult life expectancy. In this Taiwan-wide study, county-level annual mean PM2.5 concentrations data were collected concomitantly with potential confounding variables including demographic and socioeconomic status, as well as smoking prevalence. Subsequently, these PM2.5 data were analyzed with respect to county-level adult life expectancy data for the period 2010 to 2017. Linear regression was used to determine the relationship between PM2.5 and life expectancy in adults. Residents residing in the counties characterized as containing higher levels of PM2.5 exhibited significantly reduced life expectancy after controlling for potential confounders. For each 10 ug/m3 increase in PM2.5 there was an estimated mean decrease in life expectancy in adults of 0.3 years. The results of this study shed light on the relationship between fine particulate air pollution exposure and risk to human health in Taiwan.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321459

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Basic and clinical studies have reported rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effects of ketamine. Although previous studies have proposed several mechanisms underlying the antidepressant effects of ketamine, these mechanisms have not been completely elucidated. OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the effects of systemically administered ketamine treatment in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model of depression. METHODS: Non-targeted metabolomics, western blotting, and behavioral tests (locomotion, tail suspension, and forced swimming tests) were performed. RESULT: Ketamine significantly attenuated the abnormally increased immobility time in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mouse model of depression. Aminomalonic acid, glutaraldehyde, glycine, histidine, N-methyl-L-glutamic acid, and ribose levels in skeletal muscle were altered following ketamine administration. Furthermore, ketamine significantly decreased the LPS-induced increase in glycine receptor A1 (GlyA1) levels. However, the glycine receptor antagonist strychnine did not elicit any pharmacological effects on ketamine-induced alterations in behaviors or muscular GlyA1 levels. Exogenous glycine and L-serine significantly improved depression-like symptoms in LPS-induced mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that skeletal muscular glycine contributes to the antidepressant effects of ketamine in inflammation. Effective strategies for improving skeletal muscular glycine levels may be a novel approach to depression treatment.

16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(25): 3196-3206, 2019 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy of the digestive tract and the fifth leading cause of cancer-related mortality in China. Sporamin, a Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitor isolated from sweet potato, is a potential anti-cancer agent with activities against a number of malignant tumor cells in vitro. The liver secretes a myriad of endocrine factors that may facilitate the growth and transformation of tumors in the development of CRC. AIM: To investigate the effects of sporamin on liver morphology and biomarkers of xenografted CRC in the liver of athymic BALB/c mice. METHODS: Twenty-seven male BALB/c nude mice were randomly divided into control, vehicle, and sporamin groups. Mice in the latter two groups were intraperitoneally xenografted with LoVo colorectal carcinoma cells and intragastrically infused with saline or sporamin (0.5 g/kg body weight/d), respectively, for 3 wk. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining of the sections was performed to observe morphological changes in hepatic tissue and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to measure the expression of ß-catenin and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the liver. RESULTS: Sporamin significantly reduced the number and weight of tumor nodules formed in the abdominal cavity. Compared with the vehicle group, the mean tumor weight (± SD) in the sporamin group was significantly reduced (0.44 ± 0.10 g vs 0.26 ± 0.15 g) and the total number of tumors decreased from 93 to 55. HE staining showed that enlargement of the nucleus and synthesis of proteins within hepatocytes, as well as infiltration of inflammatory cells into the liver, were attenuated by sporamin. Immunohistochemical staining and ELISA showed that the concentrations of ß-catenin and VEGF in the liver were significantly reduced by sporamin. Compared with the vehicle group, the expression of ß-catenin measured in integrated optical density units per area was reduced in the sporamin group (47.29 ± 9.10 vs 26.14 ± 1.72; P = 0.003). Expression of VEGF was also reduced after sporamin intervention from 20.78 ± 2.06 in the vehicle group to 15.80 ± 1.09 in the sporamin group (P = 0.021). Compared with the vehicle group, the concentration of ß-catenin decreased from 134.42 ± 22.04 pg/mL to 109.07 ± 9.65 pg/mL after sporamin intervention (P = 0.00002). qPCR indicated that compared to the vehicle group, relative mRNA expression of ß-catenin and VEGF in the liver of mice in the sporamin-treated group was significantly reduced to 71% ± 1% (P = 0.000001) and 23% ± 7% (P = 0.00002), respectively, of the vehicle group levels. CONCLUSION: Sporamin down-regulates the expression and secretion of ß-catenin and VEGF in the liver, which subsequently inhibits the transcription of downstream genes involved in cancer progression and angiogenesis.

17.
Cancer Med ; 8(11): 5116-5127, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328403

RESUMO

Approximately, 25% of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients develop recurrent disease. NPC may involve relatively few genomic alterations compared to other cancers due to its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). We envisioned that in-depth sequencing of tumor tissues might provide new insights into the genetic alterations of this cancer. Thirty-three NPC paired tumor/adjacent normal or peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples were deep-sequenced (>1000×) with respect to a panel of 409 cancer-related genes. Newly identified mutations and its correlation with clinical outcomes were evaluated. Profiling of somatic mutations and copy number variations (CNV) in NPC tumors identified alterations in RTK/RAS/PI3K, NOTCH, DNA repair, chromatin remodeling, cell cycle, NF-κB, and TGF-ß pathways. In addition, patients harbored CNV among 409 cancer-related genes and missense mutations in TGF-ß/SMAD signaling were associated with poor overall survival and poor recurrence-free survival, respectively. The CNV events were correlated with plasma EBV copies, while mutations in TGFBR2 and SMAD4 abrogate SMAD-dependent TGF-ß signaling. Functional analysis revealed that the new TGFBR2 kinase domain mutants were incapable of transducing the signal, leading to failure of phosphorylation of SMAD2/3 and activation of downstream TGF-ß-mediated cell growth arrest. This study provides evidence supporting CNV and dysregulated TGF-ß signaling contributes to exacerbating the NPC pathogenesis.

18.
J Diabetes Complications ; 33(10): 107387, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine the bidirectional relationship between depressive symptoms and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among middle-aged and elderly Chinese. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in 2011-2012 (Wave 1) and followed up in 2013-2014 (Wave 2) and 2015-2016 (Wave 3) in the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Chinese language version of 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) at three waves. T2DM was assessed by biochemical biomarkers at Wave 1 and reported physician-diagnosis at Wave 2 and 3. Cox proportional hazards regression was applied to calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the bidirectional association. RESULTS: Participants with baseline depressive symptoms were 1.33 times as likely to develop T2DM (HR, 1.33; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.66), compared to their counterparts after adjusting for demographic characteristics and T2DM risk factors. The risk of T2DM increased linearly with higher severity of depression as determined by a higher CESD-10 score (P for trend ≪ 0.001). In addition, baseline T2DM was associated with increased risk of incident depressive symptoms (1.15; 1.00, 1.31) and persistent depressive symptoms (1.35; 1.03, 1.77). CONCLUSION: There is a positive bidirectional association between depressive symptoms and T2DM in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

19.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 82(10): 638-644, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298077

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies indicated that exposure to ambient air pollutants was associated with increased mortality rates attributed to suicide. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential relationship between ambient ozone (O3) levels and daily number of hospital admissions for suicide attempts in Taipei for the period 2008-2012 using a time-stratified case-crossover analysis. In the single-pollutant model (without adjustment for other pollutants), the risk of committing a suicide attempt increased by 9% on warm days and 27% on cool days for each interquartile range (IQR) rise in O3 levels, respectively. The concentration of O3 was thus significantly associated with daily number of suicide attempts both on warm and cool days. In the two-pollutant models, O3 levels remained significant after the inclusion of other air pollutants (particulate matter (PM10), PM2.5, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon monoxide (CO)) on cool days. However, on warm days, no significant correlation was found between O3 levels and reported daily number of suicide attempts. The relationship between O3 and suicide attempts appeared to be dependent upon temperature; however, the basis for these observations requires further investigation.

20.
Org Lett ; 21(14): 5685-5688, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264875

RESUMO

Persulfides are receiving increased attention due to their links to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and hydrogen polysulfide (H2Sn). Their close analogues selenyl sulfides (RSeSHs), however, have limited literature precedent, and their reactivity and possible role in biology are largely unknown. Here, we devised an acyl selenyl sulfide template to study RSeSH chemistry. Their stability and reactivity toward amines/thiols were studied. These compounds can produce H2S or H2S2 under different conditions, suggesting that RSeSHs are possible intermediates.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA