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1.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipid metabolism plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes. There is little evidence regarding the prospective association of the maternal lipidome with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), especially in Chinese populations. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify novel lipid species associated with GDM risk in Chinese women, and assess the incremental predictive capacity of the lipids for GDM. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using the Tongji-Shuangliu Birth Cohort with 336 GDM cases and 672 controls, 1:2 matched on age and week of gestation. Maternal blood samples were collected at 6-15 wk, and lipidomes were profiled by targeted ultra-HPLC-tandem MS. GDM was diagnosed by oral-glucose-tolerance test at 24-28 wk. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator is a regression analysis method that was used to select novel biomarkers. Multivariable conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the associations. RESULTS: Of 366 detected lipids, 10 were selected and found to be significantly associated with GDM independently of confounders: there were positive associations with phosphatidylinositol 40:6, alkylphosphatidylcholine 36:1, phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogen 38:6, diacylglyceride 18:0/18:1, and alkylphosphatidylethanolamine 40:5 (adjusted ORs per 1 log-SD increment range: 1.34-2.86), whereas there were inverse associations with sphingomyelin 34:1, dihexosyl ceramide 24:0, mono hexosyl ceramide 18:0, dihexosyl ceramide 24:1, and phosphatidylcholine 40:7 (adjusted ORs range: 0.48-0.68). Addition of these novel lipids to the classical GDM prediction model resulted in a significant improvement in the C-statistic (discriminatory power of the model) to 0.801 (95% CI: 0.772, 0.829). For every 1-point increase in the lipid risk score of the 10 lipids, the OR of GDM was 1.66 (95% CI: 1.50, 1.85). Mediation analysis suggested the associations between specific lipid species and GDM were partially explained by glycemic and insulin-related indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Specific plasma lipid biomarkers in early pregnancy were associated with GDM in Chinese women, and significantly improved the prediction for GDM.

2.
Cell Res ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480124

RESUMO

Primary cilia extending from mother centrioles are essential for vertebrate development and homeostasis maintenance. Centriolar coiled-coil protein 110 (CP110) has been reported to suppress ciliogenesis initiation by capping the distal ends of mother centrioles. However, the mechanism underlying the specific degradation of mother centriole-capping CP110 to promote cilia initiation remains unknown. Here, we find that autophagy is crucial for CP110 degradation at mother centrioles after serum starvation in MEF cells. We further identify NudC-like protein 2 (NudCL2) as a novel selective autophagy receptor at mother centrioles, which contains an LC3-interacting region (LIR) motif mediating the association of CP110 and the autophagosome marker LC3. Knockout of NudCL2 induces defects in the removal of CP110 from mother centrioles and ciliogenesis, which are rescued by wild-type NudCL2 but not its LIR motif mutant. Knockdown of CP110 significantly attenuates ciliogenesis defects in NudCL2-deficient cells. In addition, NudCL2 morphants exhibit ciliation-related phenotypes in zebrafish, which are reversed by wild-type NudCL2, but not its LIR motif mutant. Importantly, CP110 depletion significantly reverses these ciliary phenotypes in NudCL2 morphants. Taken together, our data suggest that NudCL2 functions as an autophagy receptor mediating the selective degradation of mother centriole-capping CP110 to promote ciliogenesis, which is indispensable for embryo development in vertebrates.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 788-796, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517253

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It has been established that major depressive disorder (MDD) is accompanied by various somatic symptoms that are related to the clinical course and severity of depression. However, the mechanisms of somatic symptoms in MDD have rarely been studied. In this study, we sought to investigate the functional neurological changes in MDD patients with somatic symptoms based off the regional homogeneity (ReHo) and the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF). METHOD: Study participants included 74 first-episode, drug naïve MDD patients as well as 70 healthy subjects (HCs). Patients diagnosed with MDD were separated into two groups based on the presence (n=50) or absence (n=24) of somatic symptoms. Functional images were obtained and analyzed. Alterations in ReHo/ALFF and the severity of clinical symptoms were investigated using correlation analysis. RESULTS: More severe depressive symptoms were observed in the somatic depression group than that of the pure depression group (P< 0.001). Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in ReHo and ALFF in the bilateral precentral gyrus, bilateral postcentral gyrus, and left paracentral gyrus in the somatic MDD group as compared to the pure depression group (GRF correction, voxel-P< 0.001, cluster-P < 0.01). Pearson correlation analysis revealed a negative correlation between ReHo and ALFF values in these abnomal regions with the severity of somatic and depressive symptoms (P< 0.01). CONCLUSION: Somatic depression is more severe than pure depression. The ReHo and ALFF changes in the precentral gyrus, postcentral gyrus, and paracentral gyrus may serve a significant role in the pathophysiology of somatic symptoms in MDD.

4.
Pol J Microbiol ; 70(3): 387-394, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34584532

RESUMO

This study was conducted to develop a cheap, rapid, and accurate modified combined-disk test (mCDT) approach to detect and differentiate KPC and MBL carbapenemases among clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) isolates and simultaneously distinguish them from carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacterales (CSE) isolates. A total of 163 CRE and 90 third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacterales isolates were tested using imipenem and meropenem disks and different concentrations of carbapenemase inhibitors. The optimal sensitivity and specificity for detecting KPC carbapenemase were 97.2% and 100%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for detecting MBL carbapenemase were 100% and 100% with imipenem or meropenem and carbapenemase inhibitors within six hours. The inhibitory zone diameter of 18 mm for imipenem or meropenem disks without inhibitor could distinguish CRE from CSE isolates. Therefore, this mCDT approach may be a useful tool in clinical laboratories to detect CRE isolates and differentiate KPC and MBL producers, which is beneficial for patient management and hospital infection prevention and control.

5.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; : e3496, 2021 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537998

RESUMO

AIMS: We prospectively evaluated the association of circulating retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) levels in early pregnancy and risk of incident gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in pregnant women. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted among 332 women who developed GDM and 664 matched controls based on the Tongji-Shuangliu Birth Cohort. GDM was diagnosed during 24-28 weeks of gestation according to the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group criteria. Serum RBP4 levels in early pregnancy (6-15 weeks of gestation) were determined by ELISA assay. Multivariable conditional logistic regression models were used to analyse the association and generated the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). EMBASE and PubMed were searched up to 30 November 2020 to identify studies investigating the association between blood RBP4 levels in early pregnancy and incident GDM. RESULTS: In the multivariable model with adjustment of potential risk factors, the OR comparing the extreme quartiles of serum RBP4 levels was 2.26 (95% CI: 1.34, 3.81; p for trend <0.001), and each standard deviation (SD) increment of RBP4 was associated with 1.39-fold (95% CI: 1.15, 1.69) higher risk of GDM. The results were confirmed in a meta-analysis that included additional four studies with an overall OR of 1.47 (95% CI: 1.18, 1.83) per 1-SD increment of RBP4. CONCLUSIONS: Serum RBP4 levels in early pregnancy, independent of metabolic risk factors, are positively associated with the risk of GDM in pregnant women. Our findings may provide new insights into the mechanisms underlying the aetiology of GDM.

6.
Int J Infect Dis ; 112: 173-182, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term consequences of COVID-19 survivors one year after recovery, and to identify the risk factors associated with abnormal patterns in chest imaging manifestations or impaired lung function. METHODS: COVID-19 patients were recruited and prospectively followed up with symptoms, health-related quality of life, psychological questionnaires, 6-minute walking test, chest computed tomography (CT), pulmonary function tests, and blood tests. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the clinical characteristics and chest CT abnormalities or pulmonary function. RESULTS: Ninety-four patients with COVID-19 were recruited between January 16 and February 6, 2021. Muscle fatigue and insomnia were the most common symptoms. Chest CT scans were abnormal in 71.28% of participants. The results of multivariable regression showed an increased odds in age. Ten patients had diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) impairment. Urea nitrogen concentration on admission was significantly associated with impaired DLCO. IgG levels and neutralizing activity were significantly lower compared with those in the early phase. CONCLUSIONS: One year after hospitalization for COVID-19, a cohort of survivors were mainly troubled with muscle fatigue and insomnia. Pulmonary structural abnormalities and pulmonary diffusion capacities were highly prevalent in surviving COVID-19 patients. It is necessary to intervene in the main target population for long-term recovery.

7.
Cancer Med ; 10(20): 7383-7394, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is an important death-related disease in the worldwide. However, specific colon cancer tumor markers currently used for diagnosis and treatment are few. The purpose of this study is to screen the potential colon cancer markers by bioinformatics and verify the results with experiments. METHODS: Gene expression data were downloaded from two different databases: TCGA database and GEO datasets, which were then analyzed by two different methods (difference analysis and WGCNA method). Venn and PPI analysis obtained the potential core genes, which were then performed the GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis. Expressions levels of NKD1 in colon carcinoma tissues were further confirmed by immunohistochemical staining and western blot assays. Moreover, the function was measured by MTT, clone formation, and tumor transplantation experiments. Importantly, co-immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence, and protein stability assays were further performed to explore the underlying mechanism of NKD1 promoting cell proliferation. RESULTS: Nine potential core genes highly expressed in colon cancer samples were screened out by bioinformatics analysis. NKD1, one of the hub genes, highly expressed in the colon carcinoma tissues could enhance the proliferation of colon cancer cells. Mechanism research demonstrated that NKD1 was essential for the combination between Wnt signalosome (DVL) and ß-catenin, and that NKD1 knockout remarkably decreased the ß-catenin expression. Immunofluorescence assays further implied that NKD1 knockout significantly inhibited ß-catenin nuclear accumulation. Importantly, the stability of ß-catenin proteins was maintained by NKD1 in the colon cancer cells. CONCLUSION: We believe that NKD1 well expressed in the colorectal carcinoma tissues can enhance the proliferation of colon cancer cells. Furthermore, the functions that NKD1 may have in colon cancer cells should be different from that NKD1 has played in the zebrafish. Thus, NKD1 could be a specific colorectal cancer marker.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34453541

RESUMO

CONTEXT: While the associations between thyroid markers and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been extensively studied, the results are inconclusive and the mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the prospective associations of thyroid markers in early gestation with GDM risk, and examine the mediating effects through lipid species. METHODS: This study included 6068 pregnant women from the Tongji-Shuangliu Birth Cohort. Maternal serum thyroid markers (free triiodothyronine (fT3), free thyroxine (fT4), thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroid peroxidase antibody, and thyroglobulin antibody) were measured before 15 weeks. Deiodinase activity was assessed by fT3/fT4 ratio. Plasma lipidome were quantified in a subset of 883 participants. RESULTS: Mean age of the participants was 26.6 ± 3.7 years, and mean gestational age was 10.3 ± 2.0 weeks. Higher levels of fT4 were associated with a decreased risk of GDM (OR=0.73 comparing the extreme quartiles; 95% CI 0.54, 0.98, Ptrend =0.043), while higher fT3/fT4 ratio was associated with an increased risk of GDM (OR=1.43 comparing the extreme quartiles; 95% CI 1.06, 1.93, Ptrend =0.010) after adjusting for potential confounders. Multiple linear regression suggested that fT3/fT4 ratio was positively associated with alkylphosphatidylcholine 36:1, phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogen 38:6, diacylglyceride 18:0/18:1, sphingomyelin 34:1, and phosphatidylcholine 40:7 (false discovery rate adjusted P<0.05). Mediation analysis indicated 67.9% of the association between fT3/fT4 ratio and GDM might be mediated through the composite effect of these lipids. CONCLUSIONS: Lower concentration of serum fT4 or higher fT3/fT4 ratio in early pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of GDM. The association of fT3/fT4 ratio with GDM was largely mediated by specific lipid species.

9.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 437, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420033

RESUMO

Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) has established efficacy in the treatment of depression and a growing evidence base in the treatment of depression. We conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of MST in anti-depressive treatment and its impact on cognitive function (INPLASY registration number: INPLASY202170061). We searched for controlled trials published in English between 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2020 in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases. The evaluation process strictly followed the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool into the literature, and Meta-analysis was performed according to the Cochrane System Reviewer's Manual. Data from a total of 285 patients from 10 studies were retained in the quantitative synthesis. The results showed no significant difference between MST and ECT in the antidepressant effect (SDM -0.13 [-0.78;0.52]). Compared with ECT, MST showed shorter recovery time (MD -5.67 [-9.75; -1.60]) and reorientation time (MD -14.67 [-27.96; -1.41]); and MST showed less cognitive impairment on the immediate recall of words (SDM 0.80 [0.35;1.25]), delayed recall of words (SDM 0.99 [0.01;0.74]), visual-spatial immediate memory (SDM 0.51 [0.20;0.83]), visual-spatial delayed memory (SDM 0.57 [0.11;1.02]), and the verbal fluency (SDM 0.51 [0.20;0.83]). Our evidence-based study is the first meta-analysis on the efficacy of MST in anti-depressive treatment and its effect on cognitive function. It showed that the curative effect of MST in anti-depressive treatment is equivalent to that of ECT. Besides, depressive patients with MST benefit more from cognitive function compared with ECT.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Eletroconvulsoterapia , Cognição , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Humanos , Memória , Convulsões
10.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 2348072, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462632

RESUMO

At present, the etiology and pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) are still not clear. Studies have found that the risk of first-degree relatives of MDD is 2-3 times that of the general population. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been previously used to explore the pathogenesis of MDD. The purpose of this study is to explore the etiology of MDD by DTI and further to explore the correlation between its clinical characteristics and the structural changes of white matter in the brain. The study included 27 first-episode, drug-naive patients with MDD, 16 first-degree relatives without MDD, and 28 healthy control subjects with no family history of MDD (HC). Results showed that the fractional anisotropy (FA) differences among the three groups were mainly in the left anterior thalamic radiation (LATR), right anterior thalamic radiation (RATR), left corticospinal tracts (LCST), forceps major (FMa), right inferior longitudinal fasciculus (RILF), and left superior longitudinal fasciculus (temporal) (LSLF(T)). Among the 6 sites, LCST, FMa, and LSLF(T) showed significant differences between MDD and First-degree relatives compared to HC. MDD patients had significant emotional symptoms, somatic symptoms, and cognitive impairment. FMa FA was significantly positively correlated with delayed memory score (r = 0.43, P = 0.031), and RILF FA was significantly negatively correlated with the FSS score (r = -0.42, P = 0.028). These results revealed that the white matter characteristics of MDD-susceptible patients were LCST, FMa, and LSLF(T) lesions, all of which may be quality indicators of MDD.

11.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 26: 272-278, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284124

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) has increased rapidly worldwide in the last two decades. CRE infection poses a huge challenge for today's clinical therapy. Rapid and accurate detection of clinical CRE isolates can avoid inappropriate antimicrobial treatment and reduce mortality. However, existing detection methods are either time consuming, expensive or inaccurate, making them unable to fully meet clinical demands. In this study, the HB&L system was designed to distinguish CRE from carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacterales (CSE), as it can accelerate the growth of bacteria, detect both carbapenemase-producing CRE (CP-CRE) and non-CP-CRE isolates in real time, and provide time-kill curves. METHODS: The broth microdilution method and PCR and sequencing were used as the reference methods to identify CRE and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE) isolates, respectively. Three methods for detecting CRE isolates, including the Carba NP test, modified carbapenem inactivation method (mCIM) and HB&L system, were evaluated. RESULTS: The accuracy of the HB&L system was extremely high with 100% sensitivity and 96.0% specificity at only 6 h of culture time for detecting CRE. Time-kill curves may provide information on effective treatment options for clinicians. This system is superior to the mCIM (20-24 h detection time; 90.6% sensitivity and 96.6% specificity) and Carba NP test (2 h detection time; 85.2% sensitivity and 98.4% specificity), which are only designed to detect CP-CRE. CONCLUSION: The HB&L system is promising for wide application for detection of clinical CRE in hospitals.

12.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(11)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200101

RESUMO

For many years, seismological research mainly focuses on translational ground motions due to the lack of appropriate sensors. However, because of the development of devices based on Sagnac effect, measuring rotational waves directly comes available. In this work, a portable three-component broadband rotational seismometer named RotSensor3C based on open loop interferometric fiber optic gyroscope (IFOG) is designed and demonstrated. Laboratory tests and results are illustrated in detail. The self-noise ranging from 0.005 Hz to 125 Hz is about 1.2×10-7rads-1/Hz, and with the harmonics compensation the scale factor variation over ±250∘/s is lower than 10 ppm (parts per million). The misalignment matrix method is adopted to revise the output rotation rate. In a special near field experiment using the explosive source, the back-azimuths and phase velocity are estimated by the recorded acceleration and rotation rate. All the results prove the practicability of this new rotational sensor.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and screening have been demonstrated to be effective methods for controlling cervical cancer. To provide evidence for effective targeted interventions, we investigated the HPV prevalence and genotypic distribution in women of different age groups in the Longgang community of Shenzhen, China. METHODS: A total of 29 263 women were enrolled in the Longgang District Central Hospital from January 2018 to October 2020. Cervical specimens were collected at enrolment. We used a polymerase chain reaction diagnostic kit to detect the genotypes of HPV. RESULTS: The prevalence of overall, high-risk, probable high-risk (PHR) and low-risk HPV infection was 8.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.9 to 8.5), 6.9% (95% CI 6.6 to 7.2), 0.9% (95% CI 0.8 to 1.1) and 1.6% (95% CI 1.5 to 1.8), respectively. High-risk HPV genotype infections accounted for 84.4% (95% CI 82.8 to 85.8) of the overall HPV infections. The five most predominant genotypes were HPV-52, HPV-16, HPV-58, HPV-53 and HPV-51. CONCLUSION: Our study found that the prevalence of HPV infection increased with age and women 55-59 y of age presented the highest HPV prevalence. As a PHR subtype, HPV-53 has a higher infection rate in women. HPV-52, HPV-16 and HPV-58 are common infection genotypes.

14.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293351

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disease characterized by excessive proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes and increased immune cell infiltration to the skin. Although it is well-known that psoriasis pathogenesis is driven by aberrant production of proinflammatory cytokines, the mechanisms underlying the imbalance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine expression are incompletely understood. In this study, we report that the transcriptional coregulators CtBP1 and 2 can transactivate a common set of proinflammatory genes both in the skin of imiquimod-induced mouse psoriasis model and in human keratinocytes and macrophages stimulated by imiquimod. We find that mice overexpressing CtBP1 in epidermal keratinocytes display severe skin inflammation phenotypes with increased expression of T helper type 1 and T helper type 17 cytokines. We also find that the expression of CtBPs and CtBP-target genes is elevated both in human psoriatic lesions and in the mouse imiquimod psoriasis model. Moreover, we were able to show that topical treatment with a peptidic inhibitor of CtBP effectively suppresses the CtBP-regulated proinflammatory gene expression and thus attenuates psoriatic inflammation in the imiquimod mouse model. Together, our findings suggest to our knowledge previously unreported strategies for therapeutic modulation of the immune response in inflammatory skin diseases.

15.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; : e3487, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289224

RESUMO

AIMS: To prospectively examine the association between arthritis and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in the Chinese population and confirm this association through a comprehensive meta-analysis of cohort studies. METERIALS AND METHODS: Data were from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study which was started in 2011-2013 and followed up in 2013-2014 and 2015-2016. Arthritis was defined as self-reported physician diagnosis at baseline, and incident T2D was determined by self-reported physician diagnosis, fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L or glycosylated haemoglobin ≥6.5% during the follow-ups. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to assess the association between arthritis and risk for T2D. A meta-analysis was conducted to pool our effect estimate and those from other cohort studies using a random-effects model. RESULTS: Eleven thousand four hundred and eight participants (47.9% men; mean age: 59.3 years) were included in final analyses. During a 4-year follow-up, 981 participants reported incident T2D. Compared with individuals without arthritis, those with arthritis at baseline had an 18% higher risk for incident T2D (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio: 1.18; 95% confidence interval: 1.04, 1.34). In the meta-analysis of 13 cohort studies including ours, a total of 2,473,514 participants were included with 121,851 incident diabetes. The pooling HR was 1.32 (95% CI: 1.21, 1.44) for the association between arthritis and diabetes. CONCLUSION: Arthritis was associated with an increased risk of incident diabetes in Chinese adults, and the positive association was confirmed in the meta-analysis of cohort studies. Our work can inform clinical trials to assess the effectiveness of arthritis treatments in reducing risk of diabetes.

16.
Cardiovasc Toxicol ; 21(10): 808-819, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34173191

RESUMO

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is synthesized locally and released into the circulation, reflecting local inflammation in the cardiovascular system. Therefore, we conducted a study to explore the effect of PTX3 in spontaneously hypertensive heart failure (SHHF) rats. Sprague Dawley (SD) and SHHF rats were treated with recombinant PTX3 protein, and the blood pressure (BP) and echocardiographic parameters were collected. Radioimmunoassay, enzyme immunoassay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were applied to detect plasma levels of atrial/B-type natriuretic peptide (ANP/BNP) and PTX3. The pathological changes in the myocardial tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson stainings. The mRNA and protein expressions were detected by quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blotting. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was evaluated by TUNEL staining and DNA fragmentation test. Increased plasma concentrations of PTX3 were found in SHHF rats compared with SD rats, which was further enhanced by recombinant PTX3 protein. After injection with recombinant PTX3 protein, the heart function was improved in SHHF rats with the decreased systolic and diastolic BP, and the reduced plasma levels of ANP and BNP. Moreover, PTX3 improved the myocardial damage and interstitial fibrosis in SHHF rats with reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and decreased mRNA expressions of pro-inflammatory factors in myocardial tissues. PTX3 could decrease the BP and plasma levels of ANP and BNP in SHHF rats, as well as improve the inflammation, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and pathological changes of myocardial tissues, suggesting it may be a useful intervention in the treatment of SHHF.

17.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 106(10): e4128-e4141, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015117

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to assess the association between gut bacterial biomarkers during early pregnancy and subsequent risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Chinese pregnant women. METHODS: Within the Tongji-Shuangliu Birth Cohort study, we conducted a nested case-control study among 201 incident GDM cases and 201 matched controls. Fecal samples were collected during early pregnancy (at 6-15 weeks), and GDM was diagnosed at 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. Community DNA isolated from fecal samples and V3-V4 region of 16S rRNA gene amplicon libraries were sequenced. RESULTS: In GDM cases versus controls, Rothia, Actinomyces, Bifidobacterium, Adlercreutzia, and Coriobacteriaceae and Lachnospiraceae spp. were significantly reduced, while Enterobacteriaceae, Ruminococcaceae spp., and Veillonellaceae were overrepresented. In addition, the abundance of Staphylococcus relative to Clostridium, Roseburia, and Coriobacteriaceae as reference microorganisms were positively correlated with fasting blood glucose, 1-hour and 2-hour postprandial glucose levels. Adding microbial taxa to the base GDM prediction model with conventional risk factors increased the C-statistic significantly (P < 0.001) from 0.69 to 0.75. CONCLUSIONS: Gut microbiota during early pregnancy was associated with subsequent risk of GDM. Several beneficial and commensal gut microorganisms showed inverse relations with incident GDM, while opportunistic pathogenic members were related to higher risk of incident GDM and positively correlated with glucose levels on OGTT.

18.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 311, 2021 05 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) disability is a common health burden in aging populations. The identification of high-risk individuals is essential for timely targeted interventions. Although predictors for IADL disability have been well described, studies constructing prediction tools for IADL disability among older adults were not adequately explored. Our study aims to develop and validate a web-based dynamic nomogram for individualized IADL disability prediction in older adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). We included 4791 respondents aged 60 years and over, without IADL disability at baseline in the 2011 to 2013 cohort (training cohort) and 371 respondents in the 2013 to 2015 cohort (validation cohort). Here, we defined IADL disability as needing any help in any items of the Lawton and Brody's scale. A web-based dynamic nomogram was built based on a logistic regression model in the training cohort. We validated the nomogram internally with 1000 bootstrap resamples and externally in the validation cohort. The discrimination and calibration ability of the nomogram was assessed using the concordance index (C-index) and calibration plots, respectively. RESULTS: The nomogram incorporated ten predictors, including age, education level, social activity frequency, drinking frequency, smoking frequency, comorbidity condition, self-report health condition, gait speed, cognitive function, and depressive symptoms. The C-index values in the training and validation cohort were 0.715 (bootstrap-corrected C-index = 0.702) and 0.737, respectively. The internal and external calibration plots for predictions of IADL disability were in excellent agreement. An online web server was built ( https://lilizhang.shinyapps.io/DynNomapp/ ) to facilitate the use of the nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a dynamic nomogram to evaluate the risk of IADL disability precisely and expediently. The application of this nomogram would be helpful for health care physicians in decision-making.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Nomogramas , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Internet , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Environ Int ; 153: 106545, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33839550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pyrethroids-containing products are widely used as commercial and household insecticides. While animal studies and clinical case reports have shown acute cardiovascular outcomes of pyrethroids exposure, little has been known on the effect of chronic pyrethroid exposure on cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to examine the associations between chronic pyrethroid exposure and CVD in the US adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 and 2007-2012 were analyzed. The exposure to pyrethroids was determined as the urinary level of 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), and CVD was ascertained based on self-reported physician diagnoses. Multivariable logistic regression models were fitted to evaluate associations of pyrethroid exposure with CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke. RESULTS: Included were 6,471 participants with a mean age of 44.77 years (standard error, 0.39) for final analyses. The weighted prevalence of CVD, CHD, and stroke was 6.85%, 4.57% and 2.27%, respectively. With adjustments for major confounders, participants in the highest tertile of urinary 3-PBA had higher odds of CVD (odds ratio, 1.58; 95% confidence interval: 1.12, 2.23) and CHD (OR, 1.75; 95% CI: 1.17, 2.61) compared to those in the lowest tertile. There were linear associations for CVD (P for trend = 0.04) and CHD (P for trend = 0.02). However, no significant association was noted for stroke (1.29; 0.78, 2.16) in the main analyses. CONCLUSIONS: 3-PBA was adversely associated with CVD and CHD in the US adults. Our findings highlight potential cardiovascular risk of chronic exposure to pyrethroids, and should be validated in large prospective studies in different populations in future.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Piretrinas , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Piretrinas/toxicidade
20.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 185(1): 87-97, 2021 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33914701

RESUMO

Objective: We aimed to examine prospective associations between circulating fatty acids in early pregnancy and incident gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese pregnant women. Methods: Analyses were based on two prospective nested case-control studies conducted in western China (336 GDM cases and 672 matched controls) and central China (305 cases and 305 matched controls). Fasting plasma fatty acids in early pregnancy (gestational age at enrollment: 10.4 weeks(s.d., 2.0)) and 13.2 weeks (1.0), respectively) were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and GDM was diagnosed based on the International Association of Diabetes in Pregnancy Study Groups criteria during 24-28 weeks of gestation. Multiple metabolic biomarkers (HOMA-IR (homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance), HbA1c, c-peptide, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, adiponectin, leptin, and blood lipids) were additionally measured among 672 non-GDM controls at enrollment. Results: Higher levels of saturated fatty acids (SFAs) 14:0 (pooled odds ratio, 1.41 for each 1-s.d. increase; 95% CI: 1.25, 1.59) and 16:0 (1.19; 1.05, 1.35) were associated with higher odds of GDM. Higher levels of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) 18:2n-6 were strongly associated with lower odds of GDM (0.69; 0.60, 0.80). In non-GDM pregnant women, higher SFAs 14:0 and 16:0 but lower n-6 PUFA 18:2n-6 were generally correlated with unfavorable metabolic profiles. Conclusions: We documented adverse associations of 14:0 and 16:0 but a protective association of 18:2n-6 with GDM among Chinese pregnant women. Our findings highlight the distinct roles of specific fatty acids in the onset of GDM.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Gestacional/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-6/sangue , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Resistência à Insulina , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Peptídeo C/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Diabetes Gestacional/metabolismo , Jejum , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/sangue , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Leptina/sangue , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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