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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826217

RESUMO

Developing highly efficient electrocatalysts for CO 2 reduction is of critical importance. Good conductivity and abundant catalytic sites feature ideal electrocatalysts. Two-dimensional conductive metal-organic frameworks (2D c -MOFs) are promising candidates in this regard as efficient electrocatalysts for CO 2 reduction reaction (CO 2 RR). Herein, a nitrogen-rich tricycloquinazoline (TQ) based multitopic catechol ligand was employed to coordinate with transition metal ions (Cu 2+ and Ni 2+ ), which therefore, formed 2D graphene-like porous sheets: M 3 (HHTQ) 2 (M = Cu, Ni; HHTQ = 2,3,7,8,12,13-Hexahydroxytricycloquinazoline). M 3 (HHTQ) 2 can be regarded as a single-atom catalyst where Cu or Ni centers are uniformly distributed in the hexagonal lattices. Cu 3 (HHTQ) 2 exhibited superior catalytic activity towards CO 2 RR in which CH 3 OH is the sole product. The Faradic efficiency of CH 3 OH reached up to 53.6% at a small over-potential of -0.4 V vs RHE. Theoretical calculations and experimental results further indicated that, Cu 3 (HHTQ) 2 exhibited larger CO 2 adsorption energies and higher activities over the isostructural Ni 3 (HHTQ) 2 and the reported archetypical Cu 3 (HHTP) 2 . The current work reveals strong dependence of both metal centers and the N -rich ligands on the electrocatalytic performance, and provide new possibilities to develop novel 2D c -MOF-based electrocatalysts toward efficient CO 2 RR.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33810217

RESUMO

(1) Background: Job burnout may affect the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) through mechanisms involving heart rate variability (HRV). However, no study has yet examined those potential associations. Hence, we conducted the present study to investigate this issue. (2) Method: Participants included patients who presented with a first episode of ACS and who were employed. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) was used to assess job burnout. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory electrocardiography recorded HRV on four occasions, i.e., during the hospitalization and follow-ups at one, six, and 12 months, respectively. (3) Results: A total of 120 participants who at least completed three Holter examinations throughout the study were enrolled in the final analysis. Job burnout scores at baseline were inversely associated with LnSDNN, LnTP, LnHF, LnLF, LnULF, and LnVLF during the consequent one-year follow-up. Each 1 SD increase in job burnout scores predicted a decline ranging from 0.10 to 0.47 in the parameters described above (all p < 0.05), and all relationships were independent of numerous confounders, including anxiety and depression. (4) Conclusion: High job burnout predicted reduced HRV parameters during the one-year period post-ACS in the working population.

3.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 73(2): 145-151, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793805

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of sildenafil on monocrotaline-induced right ventricular (RV) remodeling and investigate the possible mechanism. METHODS: Rats were subcutaneously injected with monocrotaline to establish an RV remodeling model and then administered sildenafil (25 mg/kg) from days 1 to 28. After 28 days of administration, the RV systolic pressure and the RV hypertrophy index (RVHI) were measured. The morphology of the right ventricle was observed by H&E staining. The ultrastructure of the right ventricle was observed using a transmission electron microscope. The myocardial apoptosis of the right ventricle was evaluated by TUNEL staining. The protein expression of apoptosis-related proteins and PPARs were examined by western blotting. KEY FINDINGS: The results indicated that sildenafil decreased the RV systolic pressure and RVHI, and improved the microstructure and ultrastructure of the right ventricle in monocrotaline-induced rats. In addition, sildenafil suppressed myocardial apoptosis and promoted the protein expression of PPARs of the right ventricle in monocrotaline-induced rats. CONCLUSION: Sildenafil inhibits RV remodeling in monocrotaline-induced rats, which might be partially mediated by reducing myocardial apoptosis and activating PPARs.

4.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 34(2): 101-109, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33685568

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the association of socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract blindness in terms of year lived with disability (YLD) rates and to determine whether ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels modify the effect of socioeconomic status on this health burden. Methods: National and subnational age-standardized YLD rates associated with cataract-related blindness were derived from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2017. The human development index (HDI) from the Human Development Report was used as a measure of socioeconomic status. Estimated ground-level UVR exposure was obtained from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) dataset of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Results: Across 185 countries, socioeconomic status was inversely associated with the burden of cataract blindness. Countries with a very high HDI had an 84% lower age-standardized YLD rate [95% confidence interval ( CI): 60%-93%, P < 0.001] than countries with a low HDI; for high-HDI countries, the proportion was 76% (95% CI: 53%-88%, P < 0.001), and for medium-HDI countries, the proportion was 48% (95% CI: 15%-68%, P = 0.010; P for trend < 0.001). The interaction analysis showed that UVR exposure played an interactive role in the association between socioeconomic status and cataract blindness burden ( P value for interaction = 0.047). Conclusion: Long-term high-UVR exposure amplifies the association of poor socioeconomic status with the burden of cataract-related blindness. The findings emphasize the need for strengthening UVR exposure protection interventions in developing countries with high-UVR exposure.


Assuntos
Cegueira/epidemiologia , Catarata/epidemiologia , Carga Global da Doença , Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos , Cegueira/etiologia , Catarata/etiologia , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
Anal Methods ; 13(11): 1412-1421, 2021 03 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683249

RESUMO

Core-satellite-structured magnetic nanosorbents (MNs) used for the selective extraction of macrolide antibiotics (MACs) were prepared in this study. The MNs (core-satellite polydopamine-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles-hollow porous molecularly imprinted polymer) consisted of polydopamine-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4@PDA) "core" linked to numerous hollow porous molecularly imprinted polymer (HPMIP) "satellites" with bridging amine functional groups. It is worth mentioning that HPMIPs act as "anchors" for selectively capturing target molecules. Polymers were characterized using TEM, SEM, FT-IR, VSM, and TGA and applied as magnetic dispersive solid-phase extraction (MDSPE) sorbents for the enrichment of trace MACs from a complex food matrix prior to quantification by HPLC-MS/MS. Nanocomposites revealed outstanding magnetic properties (36.1 emu g-1), a high adsorption capacity (103.6 µmol g-1), selectivity (IF = 3.2), and fast kinetic binding (20 min) for MACs. The multiple advantages of the novel core-satellite-structured magnetic molecularly imprinted nanosorbents were confirmed, which makes us believe that the preparation method of the core-satellite MNs can be applied to other fields involving molecular imprinting technology.

6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 40: 127913, 2021 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705905

RESUMO

Resveratrol is a natural polyhydroxy trans-stilbene product with many biological activities. One of the most striking biological activities of it is its anti-aging potential. Resveratrol can exhibit anti-aging activity via a variety of signaling pathways, however, the repair effect of it on kidney and brain injury in aging mice induced by d-galactose and its regulation on klotho gene expression have not been reported. Herein, the anti-aging activity of resveratrol and its effect on the repair of kidney and brain injuries in d-galactose-induced aging mice, as well as its regulation of klotho gene expression in these two tissues were investigated. The results indicated that resveratrol could significantly increase the aged cell viability and improve the pathological status of aging mice via inhibiting the formation of malondialdehyde and enhancing the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase. The histological analysis suggested that resveratrol could remarkably repair the damages of kidney and brain tissues in aging mice. Moreover, PCR and western blot have shown that resveratrol could obviously increase the anti-aging klotho gene expression in the above tissues. The data in this paper further revealed and enriched the anti-aging mechanism of resveratrol, and the methods established in this study can be used as a tool to evaluate the anti-aging activity of drugs to a certain extent.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1798, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741964

RESUMO

The challenges of developing neuromorphic vision systems inspired by the human eye come not only from how to recreate the flexibility, sophistication, and adaptability of animal systems, but also how to do so with computational efficiency and elegance. Similar to biological systems, these neuromorphic circuits integrate functions of image sensing, memory and processing into the device, and process continuous analog brightness signal in real-time. High-integration, flexibility and ultra-sensitivity are essential for practical artificial vision systems that attempt to emulate biological processing. Here, we present a flexible optoelectronic sensor array of 1024 pixels using a combination of carbon nanotubes and perovskite quantum dots as active materials for an efficient neuromorphic vision system. The device has an extraordinary sensitivity to light with a responsivity of 5.1 × 107 A/W and a specific detectivity of 2 × 1016 Jones, and demonstrates neuromorphic reinforcement learning by training the sensor array with a weak light pulse of 1 µW/cm2.

8.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 1535370221992530, 2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641445

RESUMO

As a prevalent potentially life-threatening condition, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) presents increasing risk of rupture as its diameter grows. However, rapid progression and rupture may occasionally occur in smaller AAAs. Earlier surgery for patients with high risk of disease progression may improve the outcome. Therefore, more precise indicators for invasive treatment in addition to diameter and abdominal symptoms are demanded. This systematic review aimed to identify potential circulating biomarkers that may predict growth rate of AAA. Cochrane and PubMed library were searched (until August 2020) for researches which reported circulating biomarkers associated with AAA expansion, and 25 papers were included. Twenty-eight identified biomarkers were further classified into five categories (inflammation and oxidative stress, matrix degradation, hematology and lipid metabolism, thrombosis and fibrinolysis, and others), and discussed further with their correlation and regression analysis results. Larger prospective trials are required to establish and evaluate prognostic models with highest values with these markers.

9.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 23(1): 36, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of left atrial (LA) size and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is well recognized, but LA function is difficult to routinely analyze. Fast LA long-axis strain (LA-LAS) analysis is a novel technique to assess LA function on cine cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We aimed to assess the association between fast LA-LAS and adverse clinical outcomes in patients with HCM. METHODS: 359 HCM patients and 100 healthy controls underwent routine CMR imaging. Fast LA-LAS was analyzed by automatically tracking the length between the midpoint of posterior LA wall and the left atrioventricular junction based on standard 2- and 4-chamber balanced steady-state free precession cine-CMR. Three strain parameters including reservoir strain (εs), conduit strain (εe), and active strain (εa) were assessed. The endpoint was set as composite adverse events including cardiovascular death, resuscitated cardiac arrest, sudden cardiac death aborted by appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator discharge, and hospital admission related to heart failure. RESULTS: During an average follow-up of 40.9 months, 59 patients (19.7%) reached endpoints. LA strains were correlated with LA diameter, LA volume index (LAVI) and LA empty fraction (LAEF) (all p < 0.05). In the stepwise multivariate Cox regression analysis, εs and εe (hazard ratio, 0.94 and 0.89; p = 0.019 and 0.006, respectively) emerged as independent predictors of the composite adverse events. Fast LA εs and LA εe are stronger prognostic factors than LA size, LAVI and the presence of left ventricular late gadolinium enhancement. CONCLUSIONS: Fast LA reservoir and conduit strains are independently associated with adverse outcomes in HCM.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1211-1216, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787117

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to study the protective effect of total flavonoids from Rosa multiflora(TF-RM) on the injury of HUVEC induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein(ox-LDL). SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, simvastatin group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and TF-RM group(2.5 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with 10 rats in each group. They were intragastrically administered with drugs for 7 days, and then blood was collected from the abdominal aorta to prepare drug-containing serum. The HUVEC injury model was established through ox-LDL induction, and added with 15% simvastatin, 5% TF-RM, 10% TF-RM, 15% TF-RM drug-containing serum and blank serum, respectively. Reactive oxygen species(ROS) was determined by flow cytometry. Nitric oxide(NO) content was determined by nitrate reductase method. The contents of ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α were determined by ELISA. The expression of Lox-1 protein was determined by Western blot. Compared with the blank group, ROS level in HUVEC and the contents of ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and IL-1ß in HUVEC were significantly increased(P<0.05), NO decreased significantly(P<0.01),Lox-1 protein expression increased significantly(P<0.05), and TNF-α and IL-6 showed an increasing trend. Compared with the model group, TF-RM significantly reduced ROS level in HUVEC and ET-1, P-selectin, E-selectin, ICAM-1, TNF-α, IL-1ß content in supernatant(P<0.05), significantly increased NO content(P<0.01), and inhibited Lox-1 protein expression(P<0.05). VCAM-1, IL-6 contents showed a decreasing trend. Serum containing TF-RM acts on lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptors, and exerts a protective effect on vascular endothelial cells by reducing cell oxidative damage, regulating vasoactive substances, and reducing adhesion molecules and inflammatory cascades.


Assuntos
Rosa , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais , Endotélio Vascular , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Lipoproteínas LDL , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1339-1344, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787130

RESUMO

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Assuntos
Chrysanthemum , Resíduos de Praguicidas , China , Cromatografia Líquida , Chrysanthemum/genética , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise
12.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(3): 199-204, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33766226

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) on the phagocytic activity of mouse BV-2 microglial cells. Methods Western blotting was performed to detect the protein levels of IGF-1 and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in the murine brain after the establishment of acute central nervous system inflammation models by intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection (10 mg/kg). The protein level of IGF-1R on BV-2 microglial cells that had been stimulated by 500 ng/mL LPS for 4, 12 and 24 hours was measured by Western blotting. To assess the phagocytic activity of microglial cells in response to IGF-1, BV-2 microglial cells were stimulated by IGF-1 at different concentrations for 24 hours after pretreated with or without wortmannin (PI3K/AKT signaling pathway blocker), and then incubated with fluorescent microbeads for 2 hours followed by measurement of phagocytosis of the fluorescent microbeads by flow cytometry. After treatment of IGF-1 (50 ng/mL), p-AKT and AKT signaling pathways in the BV-2 microglial cells were detected by Western blotting. Results Intraperitoneal LPS injection caused increased levels of IGF-1 and IGF-1R in the mouse brain. LPS upregulated the protein expression of IGF-1R on BV-2 microglial cells. The activity of BV-2 microglial cells to phagocytose fluorescent microbeads gradually increased with IGF-1 concentration rising and peaked in the IGF-1 treatment at 50 ng/mL, and gradually decreased thereafter. And IGF-1 induced the phosphorylation of AKT in BV-2 microglial cells. However, after the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was blocked via wortmannin, the effect of IGF-1 on the activity of BV-2 microglial cells to phagocytose fluorescent microbeads was significantly alleviated. Conclusion IGF-1 can promote phagocytic activity of BV-2 cells via activating PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, which suggests a potential role of IGF-1 in regulating the cerebral inflammation.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microglia/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor IGF Tipo 1 , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Entropy (Basel) ; 23(2)2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33670098

RESUMO

Trend prediction based on sensor data in a multi-sensor system is an important topic. As the number of sensors increases, we can measure and store more and more data. However, the increase in data has not effectively improved prediction performance. This paper focuses on this problem and presents a distributed predictor that can overcome unrelated data and sensor noise: First, we define the causality entropy to calculate the measurement's causality. Then, the series causality coefficient (SCC) is proposed to select the high causal measurement as the input data. To overcome the traditional deep learning network's over-fitting to the sensor noise, the Bayesian method is used to obtain the weight distribution characteristics of the sub-predictor network. A multi-layer perceptron (MLP) is constructed as the fusion layer to fuse the results from different sub-predictors. The experiments were implemented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method by meteorological data from Beijing. The results show that the proposed predictor can effectively model the multi-sensor system's big measurement data to improve prediction performance.

14.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 586471, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33718260

RESUMO

The lung is constantly exposed to environmental particulates such as aeroallergens, pollutants, or microorganisms and is protected by a poised immune response. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are a population of immune cells found in a variety of tissue sites, particularly barrier surfaces such as the lung and the intestine. ILCs play a crucial role in the innate immune system, and they are involved in the maintenance of mucosal homeostasis, inflammation regulation, tissue remodeling, and pathogen clearance. In recent years, group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) have emerged as key mediators of mucosal protection and repair during infection, mainly through IL-17 and IL-22 production. Although research on ILC3s has become focused on the intestinal immunity, the biology and function of pulmonary ILC3s in the pathogenesis of respiratory infections and in the development of chronic pulmonary inflammatory diseases remain elusive. In this review, we will mainly discuss how pulmonary ILC3s act on protection against pathogen challenge and pulmonary inflammation, as well as the underlying mechanisms.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 778: 146370, 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725608

RESUMO

The abuse of psychoactive substances has been increasing dramatically over the last few years, which is becoming a concern for human health and social stability. How to accurately estimate psychoactive substances' total consumption in certain areas is the key to manage such substances. In order to control psychoactive substances, 8 psychoactive substances' consumption within 12 wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) service areas in a certain city of Guangxi, China was investigated in 2019. Firstly, a solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was used to determine the influent concentrations. Morphine (MOR), 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), methamphetamine (METH), ketamine (KET), and norketamine (NK) were detected, with the concentrations ranging from less than method detection limit (NK, MDMA) to 170.91 (METH) ng/L. Then, the back-estimation of consumption was conducted according to the objective and near real-time wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE). The results demonstrate that KET, MOR, and METH are the most abused psychoactive substances, with the mean consumption of 682.42, 167.81, and 44.56 mg/day/1000 inh, respectively. The psychoactive substance residues of WWTPs influent were analyzed to estimate such substances' consumption in specific areas, so as to provide support for risk prevention and control.

16.
Analyst ; 146(7): 2321-2329, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33623934

RESUMO

Guanine (G) oxidation products, such as 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-oxo-guanine (8-OXOG), have been widely studied as promising biomarkers for DNA oxidative damage. In this work, we develop a new method to detect G oxidative products released from live cells after chromium (vi) ion or hydrogen peroxide treatments by using a glass nanopipette-based flexible gold nanoelectrode (fGNE). Specific response to G oxidative products with high sensitivity can be detected from the fGNE tip through integrated electrochemical measurements and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. The fGNE apex can be positioned very close to the cell membrane noninvasively because of its high flexibility and nanoscale tip size. With the assistance of the electrophoretic force, the fGNEs can effectively collect and detect the G-derived DNA damage products released from individual cells in the cell culture medium with high sensitivity.

17.
J Virol ; 95(9)2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627391

RESUMO

Influenza A viruses (IAVs) continue to pose an imminent threat to humans due to annual influenza epidemic outbreaks and episodic pandemics with high mortality rates. In this context, the suboptimal vaccine coverage and efficacy, coupled with recurrent events of viral resistance against a very limited antiviral portfolio, emphasize an urgent need for new additional prophylactic and therapeutic options, including new antiviral targets and drugs with new mechanisms of action to prevent and treat influenza virus infection. Here, we characterized a novel influenza A virus nucleoprotein (NP) inhibitor, FA-6005, that inhibited a broad spectrum of human pandemic and seasonal influenza A and B viruses in vitro and protects mice against lethal influenza A virus challenge. The small molecule FA-6005 targeted a conserved NP I41 domain and acted as a potentially broad, multimechanistic anti-influenza virus therapeutic since FA-6005 suppressed influenza virus replication and perturbed intracellular trafficking of viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs) from early to late stages. Cocrystal structures of the NP/FA-6005 complex reconciled well with concurrent mutational studies. This study provides the first line of direct evidence suggesting that the newly identified NP I41 pocket is an attractive target for drug development that inhibits multiple functions of NP. Our results also highlight FA-6005 as a promising candidate for further development as an antiviral drug for the treatment of IAV infection and provide chemical-level details for inhibitor optimization.IMPORTANCE Current influenza antivirals have limitations with regard to their effectiveness and the potential emergence of resistance. Therefore, there is an urgent need for broad-spectrum inhibitors to address the considerable challenges posed by the rapid evolution of influenza viruses that limit the effectiveness of vaccines and lead to the emergence of antiviral drug resistance. Here, we identified a novel influenza A virus NP antagonist, FA-6005, with broad-spectrum efficacy against influenza viruses, and our study presents a comprehensive study of the mode of action of FA-6005 with the crystal structure of the compound in complex with NP. The influenza virus inhibitor holds promise as an urgently sought-after therapeutic option offering a mechanism of action complementary to existing antiviral drugs for the treatment of influenza virus infection and should further aid in the development of universal therapeutics.

18.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(6): 1492-1501, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33628107

RESUMO

Objectives: As of 11 Feb 2020, a total of 1,716 medical staff infected with laboratory-confirmed the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) in China had been reported. The predominant cause of the infection among medical staff remains unclear. We sought to explore the epidemiological, clinical characteristics and prognosis of infected medical staff. Methods: Medical staff who infected with SARS-Cov-2 and admitted to Union Hospital, Wuhan between 16 Jan to 25 Feb, 2020 were included in this single-centered, retrospective study. Data were compared by occupation and analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods. Results: A total of 101 medical staff (32 males and 69 females; median age: 33) were included in this study and 74.3% were nurses. A small proportion of the cohort had contact with specimens (3%) as well as patients infected with SARS-Cov-2 in fever clinics (15%) and isolation wards (3%). 80% of medical staff showed abnormal IL-6 levels and 33% had lymphocytopenia. Chest CT mainly manifested as bilateral (62%), septal/subpleural (77%) and groundglass opacities (48%). The major differences between doctors and nurses manifested in laboratory indicators. As of the last observed date, no patient was transferred to intensive care unit or died. Fever (HR=0.57; 95% CI 0.36-0.90) and IL-6 levels greater than 2.9 pg/ml (HR=0.50; 95% CI 0.30-0.86) were unfavorable factors for discharge. Conclusions: Our findings suggested that the infection of medical staff mainly occurred at the early stages of SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Wuhan, and only a small proportion of infection had an exact mode. Meanwhile, medical staff infected with COVID-19 have relatively milder symptoms and favorable clinical course than ordinary patients, which may be partly due to their medical expertise, younger age and less underlying diseases. The potential risk factors of fever and IL-6 levels greater than 2.9 pg/ml could help to identify medical staff with poor prognosis at an early stage.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Corpo Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , /patogenicidade , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Febre/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Nano Lett ; 21(5): 2104-2110, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591186

RESUMO

At present, environmentally friendly biobased flexible films are of particular interest as next-generation fireproof packaging and sensor materials. To reduce the moisture uptake and fire risks induced by hygroscopic and flammable biobased films, we report a simple and green approach to develop a hydrophobic, flame-retardant composite film with synergetic benefit from soy protein isolate (SPI), sisal cellulose microcrystals (MSF-g-COOH), graphene nanosheets (GN), and citric acid (CA). Compared with SPI/MSF-g-COOH composite films, the as-prepared SPI/MSF-g-COOH/CA/GN composite films have significantly improved water resistance and can maintain excellent physical structure and good electrical conductivity in an ethanol flame. This work opens a pathway for the development of novel fire-retardant fire alarm biosensors.

20.
Chemosphere ; 273: 129630, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524746

RESUMO

The effects of pretreatment methods on the structure of functional groups and denitrification promotion capacity of solid carbon sources derived from reeds and cattails were elucidated. Alkaline treatment improved the relative content of carbon in the plant tissues, as well as prolonged the high denitrification rate of 0.40 mg/(L·h) from 6 days up to circa 28 days. Moreover, alkaline-heated cattails (ALH-C) showed high denitrification promotion capacity, and increased the removal rate of TN, NO3--N and NH4+-N in the CW by 24.41%, 31.80% and 8.80%, respectively. Furthermore, the quantity, quality and migration of dissolved organic matter (DOM) released from ALH-C in CW analyzed via fluorescence excitation-emission matrix spectrophotometry showed mainly humic acid-like, tyrosine-like, and tryptophan-like components. These DOM components were highly bioavailable and had minimal effects on COD removal. These results provide insights into the preparation and environmental applications of plant carbon sources.

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