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2.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 98, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410257

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is essential for immune escape by tumor cells. It plays essential roles in tumor development and metastasis. The clinical outcomes of tumors are often closely related to individual differences in the patient TME. Therefore, reprogramming TME cells and their intercellular communication is an attractive and promising strategy for cancer therapy. TME cells consist of immune and nonimmune cells. These cells need to be manipulated precisely and safely to improve cancer therapy. Furthermore, it is encouraging that this field has rapidly developed in recent years with the advent and development of gene editing technologies. In this review, we briefly introduce gene editing technologies and systematically summarize their applications in the TME for precision cancer therapy, including the reprogramming of TME cells and their intercellular communication. TME cell reprogramming can regulate cell differentiation, proliferation, and function. Moreover, reprogramming the intercellular communication of TME cells can optimize immune infiltration and the specific recognition of tumor cells by immune cells. Thus, gene editing will pave the way for further breakthroughs in precision cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Edição de Genes , Neoplasias , Reprogramação Celular , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
3.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 66, 2022 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35246156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) have limited treatment options and poor prognosis. Therefore, novel treatment modalities are needed. Since high expression of natural killer group 2 member D ligands (NKG2DLs) can be induced by FLT3 inhibitors, we constructed dual-target FLT3 single-chain fragment variable (scFv)/NKG2D-chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, and explored whether FLT3 inhibitors combined with FLT3scFv/NKG2D-CAR T cells could have synergistic anti-leukaemia effects. METHODS: FLT3scFv and NKG2D expression in CAR T cells, FLT3 and NKG2DL expression in AML cells, and the in vitro cytotoxicity of combining CAR T cells with gilteritinib were assessed by flow cytometry. The therapeutic effect was evaluated in a xenograft mouse model established by injection of MOLM-13 cells. Mechanisms underlying the gilteritinib-induced NKG2DL upregulation were investigated using siRNA, ChIP-QPCR and luciferase assays. RESULTS: The FLT3scFv/NKG2D-CAR T cells specifically lysed AML cells both in vitro and in the xenograft mouse model. The efficacy of FLT3scFv/NKG2D-CAR T cells was improved by gilteritinib-pretreatment. The noncanonical NF-κB2/Rel B signalling pathway was found to mediate gilteritinib-induced NKG2DL upregulation in AML cells. CONCLUSIONS: Bispecific FLT3scFv/NKG2D-CAR T cells can effectively eradicate AML cells. The FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib can synergistically improve this effect by upregulating NF-κB2-dependent NKG2DL expression in AML cells.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK , Compostos de Anilina/farmacologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Camundongos , Mutação , Subunidade p52 de NF-kappa B/genética , Subfamília K de Receptores Semelhantes a Lectina de Células NK/genética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazinas , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/metabolismo , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/uso terapêutico
4.
Drug Resist Updat ; 61: 100822, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35257981

RESUMO

Cancer cell metabolism including aerobic glycolysis, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, has been extensively studied. Metabolic reprogramming is a major hallmark of cancer, which promotes cancer cell proliferation, progression and metastasis, as well as provokes resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. Several signal transduction pathways, such as BCR, MEK/ERK, Notch, NF-κB and PI3K/AKT/mTOR, regulate tumor metabolism, hence promoting tumor cell growth, proliferation and progression. Therefore, targeting metabolic enzymes, metabolites or their signal transduction pathways may constitute a promising therapeutic strategy to enhance cancer treatment efficacy. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and one-third of DLBCL patients suffer from relapsed/refractory disease after chemotherapy. The mechanisms underlying drug resistance are complex, including target gene mutations, metabolic reprogramming, aberrant signal transduction pathways, enhanced drug efflux via overexpression of multidrug efflux transporters like P-glycoprotein, upregulation of anti-apoptotic proteins, drug sequestration and enhanced DND repair. This review delineates the distinct metabolic reprogramming patterns and the association between metabolism and anticancer drug resistance in DLBCL as well as the emerging strategies to surmount chemoresistance in DLBCL.


Assuntos
Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
5.
Mol Cancer ; 21(1): 59, 2022 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35193595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) results in increased susceptibility to infections. T cell dysfunction is not associated with CLL in all patients; therefore, it is important to identify CLL patients with T cell defects. The role of B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) in CLL has been explored; however, few studies have examined its role in T cells in CLL patients. Herein, we have investigated the regulatory role of BCL-2 in T cells in the CLL tumor microenvironment. METHODS: The expression of BCL-2 in T cells was evaluated using flow cytometry. The regulatory roles of BCL-2 were investigated using single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) and verified using multi-parameter flow cytometry on CD4 and CD8 T cells. The clinical features of BCL-2 expression in T cells in CLL were also explored. RESULTS: We found a significant increase in BCL-2 expression in the T cells of CLL patients (n = 266). Single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) indicated that BCL-2+CD4+ T cells had the gene signature of increased regulatory T cells (Treg); BCL-2+CD8+ T cells showed the gene signature of exhausted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL); and increased expression of BCL-2 was associated with T cell activation and cellular adhesion. The results from scRNA-seq were verified in peripheral T cells from 70 patients with CLL, wherein BCL-2+CD4+ T cells were enriched with Tregs and had higher expression of interleukin-10 and transforming growth factor-ß than BCL-2-CD4+ T cells. BCL-2 expression in CD8+T cells was associated with exhausted cells (PD-1+Tim-3+) and weak expression of granzyme B and perforin. T cell-associated cytokine profiling revealed a negative association between BCL-2+ T cells and T cell activation. Decreased frequencies and recovery functions of BCL-2+T cells were observed in CLL patients in complete remission after treatment with venetoclax. CONCLUSION: BCL-2 expression in the T cells of CLL patients is associated with immunosuppression via promotion of Treg abundance and CTL exhaustion.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos , Diferenciação Celular/imunologia , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 231: 114155, 2022 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35121201

RESUMO

The natural product oridonin has the potential to be a broad-spectrum antineoplastic agent. To develop oridonin analogues with high potency, a series of novel oridonin analogues were designed and synthesized by removing the multiple hydroxyl groups of parent compound. The representative analogues 14, 19, and 26 exhibited potent anticancer effects against K562, MDA-MB-231, SMMC-7721, and MCF-7 cells. Further structural modification on their 14-OH generated more potent derivatives 16n, 21d, and 28d respectively, in which the IC50 value of compound 16n was 50-fold more potent than parent oridonin in K562 cells. Furthermore, compound 16n significantly induced the cell cycle arrest of K562 cells at the G2 phase and increased the fraction of apoptotic cells. Importantly, compounds 16n, 21d, and 28d exhibited good antitumor activities in H22 allograft mice in vivo. These results suggest that compounds 16n, 21d, and 28d deserve further development as promising candidates for the treatment of cancers.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/química , Diterpenos do Tipo Caurano/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 739749, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744722

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study is to explore the combination of dexmedetomidine (DXM) and tramadol (TMD) on sedative effect in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Methods: A total of 356 patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) were randomly divided into three groups: DXM, TMD and DXM + TMD groups. These patients were treated with different doses of DXM, TMD or combination of DXM and TMD by a patient-controlled intravenous injection device. The scores of static pain and dynamic pain, sedation degree, and adverse reaction were recorded. The plasma levels of inflammatory mediators IL-10 and C-reactive protein (CRP), and the serum level of p-p38-MAPK were evaluated. Results: It was found that administration with DXM 1.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 700 mg and DXM 2.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 600 mg result in stronger sedative effect than single administration with DXM or TMD. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) of patients with PIH were decreased with the combinational treatment of DXM and TMD. Interestingly, the PIH patients injected with DXM 1.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 700 mg and DXM 2.0 µg/kg/h + TMD 600 mg showed stronger sedative effect. In addition, the plasma level of level of IL-10 was increased and CRP decreased. The serum level of p-p38/MAPK was decreased. Conclusion: Taken together, our study indicates that combination of DXM and TMD effectively lowers blood pressure and reduces inflammation through increasing the level of IL-10, reducing CRP and inhibiting p-p38/MAPK in patients with PIH. This study suggests that the combination of DXM and TMD could be an anesthetic choice in the management of PIH.

10.
J Med Chem ; 64(23): 17346-17365, 2021 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844412

RESUMO

Evodiamine (Evo) is a quinazolinocarboline alkaloid found in Evodia rutaecarpa and exhibits moderate antiproliferative activity. Herein, we report using a scaffold-hopping approach to identify a series of novel polycyclic heterocyclic derivatives based on Evo as the topoisomerase I (Top1) inhibitor for the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), which is an aggressive subtype of breast cancer with limited treatment options. The most potent compound 7f inhibited cell growth in a human breast carcinoma cell line (MDA-MB-231) with an IC50 value of 0.36 µM. Further studies revealed that Top1 was the target of 7f, which directly induced irreversible Top1-DNA covalent complex formation or induced an oxidative DNA lesion through an indirect mechanism mediated by reactive oxygen species. More importantly, in vivo studies showed that 7f exhibited potent antitumor activity in a TNBC-patient-derived tumor xenograft model. These results suggest that compound 7f deserves further investigation as a promising candidate for the treatment of TNBC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/uso terapêutico , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Compostos Policíclicos/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinas/química , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
11.
Front Oncol ; 11: 731260, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631561

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is one of the leading female malignancies which accounts for the highest mortality rate among gynecologic cancers. Surgical cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment. However, patients with recurrent ovarian cancer are likely to exhibit resistance to chemotherapy due to reduced sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-binding cassette (ABC) transporters have been extensively studied as multidrug resistance (MDR) mediators since they are responsible for the efflux of various anticancer drugs. Multidrug resistance protein 7 (MRP7, or ABCC10) was discovered in 2001 and revealed to transport chemotherapeutic drugs. Till now, only limited knowledge was obtained regarding its roles in ovarian cancer. In this study, we established an MRP7-overexpressing ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/MRP7 via transfecting recombinant MRP7 plasmids. The SKOV3/MRP7 cell line was resistant to multiple anticancer drugs including paclitaxel, docetaxel, vincristine and vinorelbine with a maximum of 8-fold resistance. Biological function of MRP7 protein was further determined by efflux-accumulation assays. Additionally, MTT results showed that the drug resistance of the SKOV3/MRP7 cells was reversed by cepharanthine, a known inhibitor of MRP7. Moreover, we also found that the overexpression of MRP7 enhanced the migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induction. In conclusion, we established an in vitro model of MDR in ovarian cancer and suggested MRP7 overexpression as the leading mechanism of chemoresistance in this cell line. Our results demonstrated the potential relationship between MRP7 and ovarian cancer MDR.

13.
Mol Cancer ; 20(1): 118, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer cells develop resistance to chemotherapeutic intervention by excessive formation of stress granules (SGs), which are modulated by an oncogenic protein G3BP2. Selective control of G3BP2/SG signaling is a potential means to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Co-immunoprecipitation was conducted to identify the interaction of MG53 and G3BP2. Immunohistochemistry and live cell imaging were performed to visualize the subcellular expression or co-localization. We used shRNA to knock-down the expression MG53 or G3BP2 to test the cell migration and colony formation. The expression level of MG53 and G3BP2 in human NSCLC tissues was tested by western blot analysis. The ATO-induced oxidative stress model was used to examine the effect of rhMG53 on SG formation. Moue NSCLC allograft experiments were performed on wild type and transgenic mice with either knockout of MG53, or overexpression of MG53. Human NSCLC xenograft model in mice was used to evaluate the effect of MG53 overexpression on tumorigenesis. RESULTS: We show that MG53, a member of the TRIM protein family (TRIM72), modulates G3BP2 activity to control lung cancer progression. Loss of MG53 results in the progressive development of lung cancer in mg53-/- mice. Transgenic mice with sustained elevation of MG53 in the bloodstream demonstrate reduced tumor growth following allograft transplantation of mouse NSCLC cells. Biochemical assay reveals physical interaction between G3BP2 and MG53 through the TRIM domain of MG53. Knockdown of MG53 enhances proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells, whereas reduced tumorigenicity is seen in NSCLC cells with knockdown of G3BP2 expression. The recombinant human MG53 (rhMG53) protein can enter the NSCLC cells to induce nuclear translation of G3BP2 and block arsenic trioxide-induced SG formation. The anti-proliferative effect of rhMG53 on NSCLC cells was abolished with knockout of G3BP2. rhMG53 can enhance sensitivity of NSCLC cells to undergo cell death upon treatment with cisplatin. Tailored induction of MG53 expression in NSCLC cells suppresses lung cancer growth via reduced SG formation in a xenograft model. CONCLUSION: Overall, these findings support the notion that MG53 functions as a tumor suppressor by targeting G3BP2/SG activity in NSCLCs.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/etiologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , /metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Xenoenxertos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Ligação Proteica , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , /patologia
14.
J Med Chem ; 64(13): 9120-9140, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176264

RESUMO

A series of novel anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) degraders were designed and synthesized based on proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology by linking two alectinib analogs (36 and 37) with pomalidomide through linkers of different lengths and types. The most promising degrader 17 possessed a high ALK-binding affinity and potent antiproliferative activity in the ALK-dependent cell lines and did not exhibit obvious cytotoxicity in ALK fusion-negative cells. More importantly, the efficacy of compound 17 in a Karpas 299 xenograft mouse model was further evaluated based on its ALK-sustained degradation ability in vivo. The reduction in tumor weight in the compound 17-treated group (10 mg/kg/day, I.V.) reached 75.82%, while alectinib reduced tumor weight by 63.82% at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day (P.O.). Taken together, our findings suggest that alectinib-based PROTACs associated with the degradation of ALK may have promising beneficial effects for treating ALK-driven malignancies.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Carbazóis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 201: 114129, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34000577

RESUMO

Doxorubicin (Dox) is commonly used for the treatment of malignant tumors, including colon cancer. However, the development of P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) in tumor chemotherapy has seriously reduced the therapeutic efficacy of Dox. Natural product curcumin (Cur) was demonstrated to have a variety of pharmacological effects, such as anti-tumor, anti-oxidation and anti-aging activities. Here, we examined the MDR reversal capability of Cur in drug sensitive-(SW620) and resistant-(SW620/Ad300) colon cancer cells, and elucidated the underlying molecular mechanisms at the metabolic level. It was found that Cur reversed P-gp-mediated resistance in SW620/Ad300 cells by enhancing the Dox-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis. Further mechanistic studies indicated that Cur inhibited the ATP-dependent transport activity of P-gp, thereby increasing the intra-celluar accumulation of Dox in drug-resistant cells. Metabolomics analysis based on UPLC-MS/MS showed that the MDR phenomenon in SW620/Ad300 cells was closely correlated with the upregulation of spermine and spermidine synthesis and D-glutamine metabolism. Cur significantly inhibited the biosynthesis of spermine and spermidine by decreasing the expression of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) and suppressed D-glutamine metabolism, which in turn decreased the anti-oxidative stress ability and P-gp transport activity of SW620/Ad300 cells, eventually reversed MDR. These findings indicated the MDR reversal activity and the related mechanism of action of Cur, suggesting that Cur could be a promising MDR reversal agent for cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Curcumina , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatografia Líquida , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
16.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 640957, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829017

RESUMO

Cabozantinib (CBZ) is a small molecule tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitor, which could also inhibit the ABCG2 transporter function. Therefore, CBZ could re-sensitize cancer cells that are resistant to ABCG2 substrate drugs including topotecan (TPT). However, its reversal effect against TPT resistance has not been tested in a TPT-induced resistant cancer model. In this study, a new TPT selected human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-resistant cell model NCI-H460/TPT10 with ABCG2 overexpression and its parental NCI-H460 cells were utilized to investigate the role of CBZ in drug resistance. The in vitro study showed that CBZ, at a non-toxic concentration, could re-sensitize NCI-H460/TPT10 cells to TPT by restoring intracellular TPT accumulation via inhibiting ABCG2 function. In addition, the increased cytotoxicity by co-administration of CBZ and TPT may be contributed by the synergistic effect on downregulating ABCG2 expression in NCI-H460/TPT10 cells. To further verify the applicability of the NCI-H460/TPT10 cell line to test multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal agents in vivo and to evaluate the in vivo efficacy of CBZ on reversing TPT resistance, a tumor xenograft mouse model was established by implanting NCI-H460 and NCI-H460/TPT10 into nude mice. The NCI-H460/TPT10 xenograft tumors treated with the combination of TPT and CBZ dramatically reduced in size compared to tumors treated with TPT or CBZ alone. The TPT-resistant phenotype of NCI-H460/TPT10 cell line and the reversal capability of CBZ in NCI-H460/TPT10 cells could be extended from in vitro cell model to in vivo xenograft model. Collectively, CBZ is considered to be a potential approach in overcoming ABCG2-mediated MDR in NSCLC. The established NCI-H460/TPT10 xenograft model could be a sound clinically relevant resource for future drug screening to eradicate ABCG2-mediated MDR in NSCLC.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 620874, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658942

RESUMO

OTS964 is a potent T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) inhibitor. Herein, we investigated the interaction of OTS964 and multidrug resistance (MDR)-associated ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2). The cell viability assay indicated that the effect of OTS964 is limited in cancer drug-resistant and transfected cells overexpressing ABCG2. We found that the known ABCG2 transporter inhibitor has the ability to sensitize ABCG2-overexpressing cells to OTS964. In mechanism-based studies, OTS964 shows inhibitory effect on the efflux function mediated by ABCG2, and in turn, affects the pharmacokinetic profile of other ABCG2 substrate-drugs. Furthermore, OTS964 upregulates ABCG2 protein expression, resulting in enhanced resistance to ABCG2 substrate-drugs. The ATPase assay demonstrated that OTS964 stimulates ATPase activity of ABCG2 in a concentration-dependent manner. The computational molecular docking analysis combined with results from ATPase assay suggested that OTS964 interacts with drug-binding pocket of ABCG2 and has substrate-like behaviors. Thus, OTS964 is an MDR-susceptible agent due to its interactions with ABCG2, and overexpression of ABCG2 transporter may attenuate its therapeutic effect in cancer cells.

18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 216: 113316, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676300

RESUMO

A series of novel N-benzylbenzamide derivatives were designed and synthesized as tubulin polymerization inhibitors. Among fifty-one target compounds, compound 20b exhibited significant antiproliferative activities with IC50 values ranging from 12 to 27 nM against several cancer cell lines, and possessed good plasma stability and satisfactory physicochemical properties. Mechanism studies demonstrated that 20b bound to the colchicine binding site and displayed potent anti-vascular activity. Notably, the corresponding disodium phosphate 20b-P exhibited an excellent safety profile with the LD50 value of 599.7 mg/kg (i.v. injection), meanwhile, it significantly inhibited tumor growth and decreased microvessel density in liver cancer cell H22 allograft mouse model without obvious toxicity. Collectively, 20b and 20b-P are novel promising anti-tubulin agents with more druggable properties and deserve to be further investigated for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Benzamidas/química , Desenho de Fármacos , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzamidas/metabolismo , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Sítios de Ligação , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colchicina/química , Colchicina/metabolismo , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico
19.
Oral Oncol ; 112: 105049, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221541

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis that is proposed as a target for anti-cancer therapy because of its high expression in cancer cells. It has potential as a prognostic and predictive biomarker of response to radiation and systemic therapies. We report its expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its correlation with treatment response and survival. METHODS: We measured survivin protein expression in tumor specimens from 96 patients with HNSCC treated at Fox Chase Cancer Center, of whom 21 were p16+. Quantitative automated immunofluorescence was employed to score nuclear and cytoplasmic survivin in 5 tissue microarrays (TMAs) consisting of 316 H&N tumor cores and 107 control tissue cores. Survivin levels were then correlated to therapy response and survival outcomes. RESULTS: Using the median score as the cutoff, overall survival (OS) was significantly shorter for the group expressing higher survivin in nuclear (p = 0.013), cytoplasmic (p = 0.018) and total compartments (p = 0.006). No correlation was seen between survivin expression and patient sex or grade of tumor, T or N stage, or p16 status. Survivin expression in metastases did not significantly differ from that in primary tumors. Levels of p53 expression showed a significant positive correlation with higher survivin expression in the cytoplasm (p = 0.0264) and total compartments (p = 0.0264), but not in the nucleus (p = 0.0729). CONCLUSIONS: Survivin expression above the median is associated with shorter overall survival in HNSCC, including for patients treated with chemotherapy or radiation. p16 expression did not correlate with survivin levels.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Survivina/metabolismo , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Apoptose , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores Sexuais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
20.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 601400, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33364237

RESUMO

Overexpression of ABCG2 remains a major impediment to successful cancer treatment, because ABCG2 functions as an efflux pump of chemotherapeutic agents and causes clinical multidrug resistance (MDR). Therefore, it is important to uncover effective modulators to circumvent ABCG2-mediated MDR in cancers. In this study, we reported that AZ-628, a RAF kinase inhibitor, effectively antagonizes ABCG2-mediated MDR in vitro. Our results showed that AZ-628 completely reversed ABCG2-mediated MDR at a non-toxic concentration (3 µM) without affecting ABCB1-, ABCC1-, or ABCC10 mediated MDR. Further studies revealed that the reversal mechanism was by attenuating ABCG2-mediated efflux and increasing intracellular accumulation of ABCG2 substrate drugs. Moreover, AZ-628 stimulated ABCG2-associated ATPase activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Docking and molecular dynamics simulation analysis showed that AZ-628 binds to the same site as ABCG2 substrate drugs with higher score. Taken together, our studies indicate that AZ-628 could be used in combination chemotherapy against ABCG2-mediated MDR in cancers.

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